Newspaper Page Text
JOI'N II cnRHI.V, MmnaVni'h'r'
.Sa.tvi.day, Monsiso, Nov. I,
Trans t in !" '
( I llftlllt lJ I A
,. 4 41
, 8 10
) ' ' th'i
( 'UIO t W4W ; . M,
f n bir, s il rni'f, "'k'r,aK,
T1IK. DOLLAK WKKKLV n'LLT'.
published in southern """"
i' G0v7iuJi)IKR'S MESSAGE.
' ' Hot!, brunches of tlio Illinois le-Ulnturo
I cl Wednesday, nn.l. niter tl.o usual
routine of business, the following message
wai read from "v- 1'n'mor :
! E.m us . .rrtM-.Hr..?-r.ru..i(Ijt , J
It ntrords grounds for sincere congratu
lation that the twenty-seventh gonernl ns
foniblv, on iMO. tii.j-' the fourth limp for
the transaction of legislative business,
finds tho country quiet, "'"1 '' no quel
tion will he likely to distract the attention
of tho representative of tho peoplo from
the great duty of revising ami improving
ll a IflU'l.
Ordinarily I would not feel it to lie my
.inn- in transmit to that department u for
...,,f mixing, nnon tho mcro resumption
of business, after an adjournment by its
own action for its own convenience; but
there are certain special matter mat it is
..iv.tniv in iirrwpnt ut the icncral assembly
and ethers that have arisen since tho
sp-cml leaion of tbo 13th of October, 1871.
I have to lav before tbo general assem-
l.W thn renort of tbo trustees appointed to
rm.mlPtn thn Soutliorn Illinois normal
university building t Carbondalc and thi:
insnno hospital structuro at Annn. These
tnn-f linvo been examined carefully by
' tho board of public charities, and nlso tl.u
ctt. mates or tho trustees careimiy- rcvuou
bv that Intelligent and indefutigublc
board. . , ,
Ti f. inv duty fo Inform tho ceneral ns
loin 1,1c 'that I l.ave received from
the trustees $100,000 of the bonds
f ilm citv of Carbondale, sur
r,'nder,?d bv tho administrators of
.lames M. Campbell, deceased, under tho
nrftT.simii of tho act of April 1C, 1871.
bonds are deposited with the state
tr.nuurcr. and are the legal property of
lb., stale. I havu to suggest that some
legislation will bo necessary to mithoizo
their cancellation or surrender to tho city
authorities. 1 havo not supposed it to ho
probable that tho general assembly would
require the city of Carboudalo to pay tho
whole or any part of these bonds. Thoy
were given in accordance will, tho mi
cMevioui policy of otlcririg tho locntl n ol
the state inititutions to thu highest bidder,
whereby cities and town', excited by rival
ries ami pleased with anticipated ami fun
ii ul advantages are tempted to bur J on
themselves enormously, to dischnrgodutles
that properly devolve upon tbo whole
State Ciirbondnlc i- n small city of, per
hip', 2 60') inhabitants, and i indebted
"arg-lv .tierwi-o on account of the eTort
tu m uro the location of the university,
atil euiiiot. without great ouibirrassinont,
pay tliu whole or an v part of tl.u amount
of these bowls. H (s due to the people of
t'.e city to say that the majority of them
are eirncly exerting thcinslvcs to meet
tlio r engagement, but it thv :iido ti.nn
!-rly deiiro relief.
Tl.o" report of thebo.ird of public chari
ties is aUo submitted herewith, and I feel
ik hesitatioi. in commending it to the
1 submit to tho general as.-embly certain
papers forwarded to mo by the "authori
tii's of tbo I'nited State1, in" relation to tho
K'ssinn of the jurisdiction of tho tatu over
vr a i. cemeteries that contain tl.u re
mains of soldiers of the lata war. These
patriotic men were, ut the limo o their
tiejith. engaged in tho service of tlio re
j. '- i, and it is eminently proper tliat
tl. ir honored remains should bo submit
ted to tln care of tlio nation. A brief act
wi'l u sutliciunt to transfer the care of tho
s i in wtnch they repose to tho jurisdic
tion of the United States.
I also submit a communication from
the secretary ot tlio treasury, renuct'iiii'
tli passage of a law by which the United
Sta . by proceedings In tho ttates court,
can condemn and appropriate lands r
que .ted for public buildings. Such a law
w ijll, in my judgment, bo free from oh-je-tims,
and the necoity for new and
tun tie buildings for the u-o of thu United
'atv, in Chicago, suggests ttio pastge . f
utrit a law without delay.
Imnirdiately after tho net providing fur
i q.puintii.i nt of railroad and warehouse
t iitmi.ii.mer took etIVct, 1 soleited mid
Hpiioiiitcil lion. Gmtuvaus llnirner of St.
' o' luuty, nichanl 1'. Jinrgan, .Ir..
isq., of Mchean county, and DjvuI S.
It ..iin nil, Jq , of Uouk cuiinty. In my
Mi ction of tliesu gontlcmeii 1 was inllu
i" I l y a desire to combine in tlio board.
U" requisit exparleneedrawn from ditl'er
c"i purtulu and from diflercnt parts of tli
tu As soon at untitled of their respect
V" appuintments, they asembleil nnd or-Hiiiii.c-J
us required by law, and will, no
l .jbt, liy the tlr.t of December next the
'.me flxol In tlio luw .ubinlt u rennrl
Unit will ullbrd much valuable inrormatioii
upon uio interesting nilm-cl contlded to
in- ir euro, it is iny duty to inform the
general ustembly that the board nu hard
ly provided with sutllcioiit mean to en.
- o this law. Tho state's attorneys,
wio aro the principal legal ngents upon
win m the board must reply, will rcasn to
ox.it after the terms ol tlioe now in ofllee
expire, and tbo enforcement of tho laws
w. i be confided to county attorneys. Tho
law in thU respect and also in otliers, will
no doubt require amendments to mako it
realize public expectations.
1 also have tho honor to submit to tho
general assembly, and through that de
partment to tli p,0ple of tho state,
sorie. of papers that present tho leading
facts of transactions that uro withm.t ..?,
(.u. l'hllip 11 Rherldan of the United
.-vine, ,,,, s"o. rmiquurters, as com
mander of tl.o mil. iury diyl.lot, or tho
.Missouri, worn in ChicHgo, UU(i(.r uu.llIir.
Ity that ho claims was conferred, Uj,0I1 min
by the proc'amation of tho mayor of itm,
my oriieicu several companies oi thu re
gu r army of the United .Stales int.. ( i,,.
i iioo, and ns lleutentaiit-goiiorul, Issued to
Frank T. Shermuu, u private citizea of
this state, tho following ordor :
lit mi Aim li MiiiTiiu Div.oi riir Mis.ocjii, J
..fli!?!i.,i',.U,,'.I'l'r"l'ttlliiof Ihr major
of tin cit), Lieut. n,.' bhrridHti dlrerls liiut
lea (luj iinini anir. ( r , cumpnis to ,.i,i (
'nm(i) cbllii,oins(li lir.t i d ot,n (ti fA'oiol
,' irulrnnul. and sixty ( ni) ,Blu ?4 , J,, ii
kusiiU for tho irol -.ion ottb. r.milnii.J r.. r
sy'Jioi. Jalea "" Sl?Mni$Wr:
cry irs'ictfully, yur obe. t .,tr,(.
JAMKI l, i'n,'
Ais't Ad jt(.i,il,
Tho i,'lment wan partly tomoc td
vompar.fsjh of the stato isllltta ordcud
Uctit, (!cn..Shoildan or some of his sub
onllnatos to report to him i.r t belli, nn-l m
recruit, enlisted umler tbeir nMhoriiy.
An extract from the order of J;'"'01'""1
Oen.Slierlilan. imislerinu ll". oul
of Korvfw, will show lt crj-.n anion t
n.Ii....t. M Mr f'iT. of the 5llMonil,1
tlalM-eof'TCI" "' , Ba,. . .nn.l. red out
lieJririi. i '
utfulVwi c-WtiH-.la. f.llnw. i Cel.
SjcTl l"fir. nrfluLnt . ,
i .i . ImiIc ? I SohiiiiiiuIi aid-ai-camp.
i i. ir.tvl ilUsicruittc. I ii t rrfilinent national
nun!-, Illinois Ule minim.
1 it. .....- I.ip.1 uiJiiuni.t iiallnnl L'UAttlH
ll'ln .t.-iili- milili'i.
Cii.i Ki i inT'itc,iniaiiv(), 1 iiftrcKiinelit na
il, .ii if 1 1 ir . Illinois Mull' tii'litta.
( . l ii.i n roiiliinj' (i), rirn rrK'inioi u-
..i.hI if i. uif, lllliiol nitf nnlllln.
:.. hiim' coir.niii (0). !'irl realinent un
til I K'inr.1. Illinois iinli' I n i I i 1 1 ii .
Ciiii I'rtiil'ii rnni.MUiy (ti), I'lr-t rpglinc.it tin-
iinmil Ktir.t, Illinois ft lie in il it in.
L'n.l Ki ln rP'.iiiiMin) (1), VIM reui.ne.it r.n
linnil KU.ir , llliuulu tn p inHllln. ,
d t ltnitr'iicoiiiiaii)' ill)i 1V1 Cli i'o volilii
(ctr, l.li'ut. AiIiiiiik cuiiiuiiiMUlii.'.
MiTil.rcoioniii) (f). l iut riilc.MO ol
iititni". Cr it ll.ilift'momp.111) (K),l lrt t'li imjoioinn
i'.' r, iitiuI ciI Cn.i iilHli'M-.
f.ii.t r .ii' t'Dinpinv, rnniTnyeaili l.
Ciiiii Ciolei'n euiiil'iitiy. 31 JiituinerA lij;lit
'! . ..
t ii l l -t irmy i-uiii i ij, ... .i-i- ... j. .... -
('ul.. !) i oiniiiy, liiTl.lmi KiinrJf.
C ipt mH'i-i cump.ni i CIickko c.iilf l.
ChiiI William' company, Iliimiltul zoiiavck.
ltnltnlli.il of ll.ltionHl Ullnril".
M"ji)r.l'lriipeomnmi)'llii)f,Oia Jlt-iulixcn nJm
tnnt. tpl r.lIHM'Il n u illll"il 1.1.
C.i it l'.ck'r conipun) (li).
Ca pt Jehnon'ii company (C)
I ,i iifiiit-nNciiinpiuiydi).
T u. foriii of tho oath that lnu been fur
nished to mo as tliat takon by somo of the
volunteer is ns follow :
V", tlio un icrmgneii. no jevcrmiy cnr umi
HOW .11 I'Clir true l.'UWI anil lllirmiivu in un
it. .1... i i;i.iii. if America, iinil thai we will lion-
putlyainl fnilhlullvoLcy tlic onlor ol thn ofllocrii
amiii iitcil iner in i anil that we will uo our
c.wni"r uir i.i.Mvv...... r.i'r;",.;i
iireseratloao. oratr in mo cny ui i niranu,
I r..r..n1i .lain '
in, i vi.u..". , , " .i.i. r i... .r.n
OUpporieu uy inii ioruc, jiituv.-v.u.i.
Snnrlilim proceeded to establish military
rule throughout the city. Ills guards
i ..r.. rxiiililishod and his sentinels posted
on tbo public ttreots, with orders from htm
nr frnin tuna of his subordinates, to arrest
citizens who might, in thu judgment of
tnnli ciiards nnil sentinels, uo suspicious
. . .. . i :.i
twrmn. anil to nro upon aim wounu iui
npriin who tlnuld rufuo to obey their
ciiminnmls: and olio citizen of tlio city
wIki was tiuietlv passlnc nlont: ono ot the
sirciii. was ordereil by a sentinel to bait,
nnil upon Ills refusal to obey was shot turn
It wii not thought by JIayor Vinson or
Jiieut. (ion. blicritlaii to bo necessary ot
nronor to consult with or even inform me
of their purposo to transfer tho duty of
protect nil' too lives una property or tlio
..nnntl. rif'(lllil'-n HP tllll K II I III tfl 11 1 f il 1 flfll'-
crnmer.t oi t hi city, to tho military forces
nf tho United btates, nltliotiirli I was in
telegraphic communication with the may
or, US Will appear iy several uisimienea
that will bo hereafter mentioned, nor did
ciihnr of thorn, when wo met, on the 1 2 t!i
ihy of October, and discussed thu ntl'nirs of
thn eltv n'. fome lenctli. inform mo that
thov had determined fiat the government
of the state was no longer cqunl to it- du
ties, or that tho mayor had determined, as
ha has elsewhere said, to avail himself ol
tlio strong arm of thu military power of
tho United States. .Whether they sup
posed that to bo a matter in which neither
1 nor tlio legislature f the state, which
was convened to meet on tho next day to
legislate for Chicago, had tlio least con
cern, or that tlio ii-seiii oi ino legislature
nnd tho governor might be safely pre
sumed, I urn not prepared to my, hut they
loft mo to riiako tho discovery ns others
did. o tlmt J revived no inloriinition of
tlie e.ist iicc of I'io proclamation of the
mayor, or ol I.i ut.-iien. Miendau s con
struction ol ins powur.-. tinner it, until mo
17th of Octoi or, and only heard of the
iment r.u-e.l tii.dor too orders of I.ient.-
ti n. Sheridan nt a later day, nnd from un
application, by u 1 1'fson who claimed to
iniinin l iino'ot in con. panic', to l uj)
pl'n 1 with arun.
it may u.i-i.y he imai.i'icJ that the in-
foriii'itii'ii of tli extraordinary acts of
the mayor and Lieut (Sun. SlivriiV.tii lllled
mo witli surprise, for I was conscious tliat
I had put forth every ellort and employed
all my official power to aid the- people of
Chicago, and to prj'ervn tho peace and
tranquillity of the city. On .Monday, tlio
9th day of October, at noon, when I un
derstood tho lire to b still raging (and
unticiputing tlio probable necessity of
olllcial action, that cx.ulil best bo done at
the capital). 1 had dispatched (ion. K. 11.
Harlan, my soiroury (in whoso energy
and prudenco 1 havu tl.o hig'iest con",
fidence) to Chicago, witli instructions to
report to tlio mayor, and inform him thai
all the resources" of tho state, that wore
subject to my legal control, were at bis
sort ieo fur t io aid nnd protection of the
(itn. Harlan has informed mo tliat ho
reached Chicago on tho evening of tho
s'lino diiv, nt about ten o'clock, and with
out delav visited tlio olllce of tlio mayor,
who was reported to nim to havu retired
to his homo ; tli.it early on Tuesday, the
iTth. ho delivured lips mesngi', and, netin
in tho spirit f his instructions, at once
drow upon me lor Si5,IWo, to l.o tiPPlieil to
tho relief of tlio Mill'crvr., and that ho re
mained in tho city during the day, to
watch thu course of events, ami nppil-e
in of any occurrence that might require
my olllcial or personal action
1 hud, myself, immediately after tho du
parturo of (ien. Harlan for Chicago, for
wariUd thn following dispatch to tho
'rr.is..im.u. o. t ti. li7l.
To Col. II. II, Mos, M isor ol Cliieiiio 1
S'miII 1 rinl tool f r )onr people' Anssiir.
Tt',1 III" sshnt lean do
lOir.' St. PVl.MKU.
. .1. .1, ... .1....1. i .... f . .
vi -;iu uciocK 1 icceiven IWIII llllil tlio
following nnswer :
. , C11111..0, ILl.tl, KTl.
To Jons M. Psisiru:
Vi-s.inl tirr-.nl, eheess nml cooked orosions
ftl., tenu for Uio huinalr
II. II .MISON, M,or.
1 limn ..I ....... ...........1 .1 ...lrt , .....
i ii.vii, ot unci-, cnii-eii ..mm iituii i,i il
to ho circulated throughout this uity, call
lug for contributions fur Chicago; and
from purchases mado hv me. and tho con
trihutlons of tho people, 1 was onablcl at
eignt ociock to telegraph tho mayor:
Hpringnebl, (let. (I, 1171
Maaon. sfuvor of t.iiu.uci. -
To 11. 51.
inre.. ir loads luiso bero ul ton o'eloek.
Otliem fulli.s to-.norrrv. liosoti need piitaiors.
nikiir bin . - . .n I..... i .i
.., v.., ... , ,uu t.iij iiiiii-i loi-ril l motifV
'"nl J"1!N M. I'ALMlIlt, '
On tbo morning ol tlio J Oth of October,
finding t at telegraphic commuiiir 'lit ion
with Chicago was suspended, ami Imvlmr
no roport from tho secretary, 1 drew the
sum of $2,000 from tlio treasuty of tho
state ami lorwarded it to .Mayor .Mason bv
Hot. Ured II. Wines, secretary of the
ouaiu ui iiuuiie cuariues.
At twenty minutes pint ono o'clock of
ll... ........ .1.... 1 . 1 .1 . ..
ainu miy, 1 receivco inn loilowillg
.Ik, ...... 1. r..... t t. . r
-....uko iiuio vjcit. t, f7iuer ;
nm.inn I I, .. i.i .... . 1,
Tollovrrnnr I'.lmor. ' w,i.l.
The tire spent In fury In nil dirfelion, ye-O r.
ll'lS utli-rii,,..,, i.o..p ....... ,.1 u, ..1 u .1 . . ....
I.o.rt.... . ... !7. '"'"l'"" 'J ..r.iioyiiu up .
1 1 n? u'i inn H'do. iiortli
V,...r;"rr','""i I.very tiling n
T.irk ii """" me tivrrunl IV - tu l.meolr,
IirVsi i . V.f ."' "x"'f "I. iu count f tbo
i V01 f ""'sliunifibiei,,w101.r,. ,,,,,i,'
Im. nroialleil ! LuVj , i'l '".'"''Jy uhI
Moss HK nale. A U'I.- ;, f.'jfi tn"ubt 'n'!,'
iMivnr is nuw crca 1 a i,t .. ... i .... ." .""! ' "
nnnVun l liollseiji. ,11 . nil. . ,." '' ""!' !'
' : S IS.'Tiru.
A ml, iiiideritaiM ng thai he win ..tli
ciui y ooTineciou ivuu iue U'oipi ,
ami would cuitaiuly recflvo uij iii,llat '
I iiiimudiately uiiswcrod him
Spr'ntfictd, Oct ' t to, it .
To Oei.tr al A.tUjer.l' ,u
PIcm: inr im ' . .r tb i t1": pf lencc ' r
K fn n in i ..rf .rhe pi itaii.sofr ti
tti ud vrdci, I VfiU ui itcvt nnd pvcr duct vn-,
THE CAIRO DAILY BULLETIN SATURDAY, NOVEMBFJi 18, 1871.
.npane-1 intj I t.:. i..
'IlnnU I - nr
IliftN M l'.t Ml K
At hnlf-past I o'clock ha replied :
i1i!.-, CKt i i37t
To(?oicriior I'AlnUri . .
The mdyrr tiuiwfn taein yl die (t .vcrnnr to
tcni men ImmssliiHiy hy iftcMl im n, to n-pnri ill
tt to to did rnnyof, l ihrre tiundMd nnd ixty fnt
On receipt of the last tl'spatcli from
(Jen. .S'uircr, I directed tlio udjtttiitit-grn-oral,
Col. II- Dilger, to Issue the tolegrgplik'
orders to I'lllccrs of organ ized militia that
uic nppontlod to his tcjiolt, marked 1, 2, .1.
i. l at ouco prepared nnd issued tlio call
for u special session of the gcncrnl assem
bly, to meet on tho I3lh of October, nnd
telegraphed tho call to tlio members ol
both house, nnd nlso nddri.cil n letter to
thu mayor of Chicago In tho following
Slate of Illinois-, Kxeci. 1 1 Vf ppp-irlment, 1
Sprlncllel.l. t'ct. Io. ls'J. f
Col. It, II. Mnnii!
Ui.r fir: km. ii. miser, a iuiain-K1npnii, win
lonte here this evening Willi one company of
mllllln nml oiiHllioii-ine' ininlii t". !e "ill nlso,
ullT repor.l.m to yon, nrKinixe for the preserva-
Honor nn.er I i yniircny.
Oil, IHMer Is mi nl I soldier, Im sened under
my cie, on Hie lleM.nti'l Hill preserve order nt nil
lihKtrils. He hns onlern Io enforco In-.i, nnd Inn
musUeln ctmiijS . In do It rll'ielunllj .
.IOM.V M. l'AI.Mini.
At 0:10 p. I received n dispatch from
the mavorns follows :
Chleaio. Oct. 10, l"TI.
To Hon. .!. M. Palmer .
L'nii von se nd u. nt oner", ou Ihnisnnd tnus.
ket, it .tli animnnltlonr It. II. JIASO.V
Tho ndjutnnt-gnnernl left Springfield nt
o'clock p. M., nml reached Chicago, ni hu
reports, nt o'clock on tho morning oi
elnesdnv. the lltli of October, Willi
about -00 well tinned men and 250 mus
kets, and had 1.000 additional muskets,
witli nmmunltion boxen, to be sent niter
immediately ; nnd us early ns C o'clock he
cnlled upon tho mayor, and, ut his request.
within n lew minutes niierwnm. rejiorieu
to Jiieut. (ien. fclieridnn; ami ns oincr
troops had, In tha meantime, arrived, nt 8
o'clock ho had three hundred nnd lift ion
men on dutv. mid bv -I o'clock in the
afternoon ho had live hundred nnd sixteen
men, well organized, under command of
skillful and prudent otllecrs, and ono bat
tery ol four gtliH. ready to enforce the
laws, or to suppress disorder: nnd ho
could, within a lew hour, have easily in
creased lii lorce to two thousand it nee.
I commend the report ot tno an. ut'inv
general to Ihc attention of tlio gonoral ni-
scmlily.niid laue occasion io exprcs my
thank's to the olllcors and men who so
promptly reported nt Chicago.
During the 10th 1 u'so continued to ex
ert myself to procure supplies for the des
titute," and was enabled toaldrcss to tlio
mayor the following dispatch :
Springfield, (hi. I". i8;i.
T.i U 11. Mamih. M.ivor of Clllcaitu :
'J'v.0 car load .f bread, cracker, cheese and cooked
meat, left here fur your nilTirrers, last nli;tit. Two car
load of K)tati ci,and oneoflircad and meat, cooked,
wl I have this tnornliirT.
JOHN M. PAI..MKK.
On ll.e 11th dnv of October, iinxious I'or
a class that is too often forgotten in times
ofoxciteiiiei.tni.il confusion, 1 addressed
to tho I Ion. Kliner Baldwin, chairman of
the board of statu charities, tho following
Springfield, Oct. ii, 1871
I'n II. ni. I'.liner U.ilJin, Ou.iw.i, 111., iliairnian
l.)ard of charities.
II.nl ou notlietter co to Cliicaco and sec that the
ordinary object of charity are not forgottonr Mr.
111c 1 lucre, ivoii 01c iLu. ...,) uui
JOII.N M. l'M.Mt.K.
iVt Hi o'clock in thu forenoon ol tho
same day, 1 received 1110 following dis
patch from tlio adjutant general :
Clilcaxn, Oct., 11. 1871.
I'u Guv, John M. I'.ilmcrr :
'1'lie rumors received vetcnl..v were ex.izeratcd.
The mayor did not kieiw about the dimuhe fir
troop. Kcferred metollcn. Sheridan, who tlelrc
me 10 march the men through low n for moral effect.
Me ha 7Hj Culled States Iroons here, lam stalling
fr sour order at Chicago nml Alton iIcikii, No mote
- ,, 11 i.M i.i'!.
irmt ncciicu. ji. I'u.iu.it.
1 was delighted ut tho iuforiiiiitioii it
furiiislied me, nml nt once nililre'scd to
hictit-Cion. Sheridan tliu following dis-
Springfield, Oct. 11,71,
Lieut lien. 1'. II, Sheridan, Chicago, III.
Plcac inform nic of ihe number oftrooii ordered h
to Chicago by you, 111 account of the lire. and there ale
intliccity. llia-l.si.rs iir iirnmpine.
JOHN M. I'AI.MKK.
1'roud of tho people who had still'cred s,o
mucli ii". d benaved so r.obly, nnd anxious
to relieve them of the iiie.-enei' of even
cltizen-'-oldiery, 1 ordered tho 1,01)1) mus
kets, that wero still 111 tho depot tit thn
place, to bo returned to the arsenal, and
transmitted to Col. Dilger the following
Springfield. O. t. II, lij.
To Col. II. D.lger, Chieiue, III.
If lyotif services am t.ot r'n'ii'iul, return at
soon ns )ni cuti. Ji lil.N .M. I'AI.aii.ii.
1 think il proper, at this point, thnl 1
should say that I don't believe that there
has been, at any tune, tue le.i-t necessity
for tho employment of military forces in
Chicago. During tlio night of tlio tith of
October, nnd nil ot 1110 '.un, wniie 1110 nro
still threatened to destroy the city, nnd on
tho day and night of thu 10th, whilu tlio
streots wero linen wuu 1110 iiomeicss 111111
hungry, thu police, supported by 11 singlu
battalion of statu militia, that were ten
dered their services to tho chief of the
eltv policui n the Hth of October picserved
onior nml enforco tlio law. Thu only thin
gels that have, ul any time, threatened thu
tranquillity of Chicago, wero tlio fears of a
part sif its inhabitants, coupled witli thoir
distrust of tlio uutliorilies provided bv
Somo tinio during tlio afternoon of tho
lltli day of October, I received the rollow-
ing dispatch from Col. Dilger :
Chicigo. I Ktiber 11. 1871.
To (iosernor Palmer:
Ihe cilv council and (icnerul Slier dan desire me to
ay your presence here ssoitld base a scry good ciTecl
1 he city I so l.ir ipilct 1 take inarge ol Hie norty
tide ssith our Springfield bos-. They !ch,ivc scrii
sstll. Dll.l.l'.K, Adjutaiii.tJciicral.
At 0 o'clock p.m., on the satno dnv, I
received from I.ieiit.-Oen. Sheridan tlio
following answer to my dispatch to him :
I Icidinurtcr Military Div'n of the Mo.,
I'hlcano. tlLtober 11. 1B11. f
(ioveinor John M. Palmer. Springfield :
Seven cornanic of I'niieil Slatci troop arc her J or
coming, and n regiment i. being organlml for tenly
"I . . ""I s.'iuiers 111 WIU LUV U lllLtl.
1 think, will Is- ample. Shall keen sour w.lioin f,.r
a day or. 1 hank for them.
lleforo receiving Lleiit,.()tin. .Sheridan's
answer, 1 had determined to go in person
to Chicago, and accordingly took tlio llr.t
train, mid reached there at about 11
o'clock in thu forenoon of the 1 'th. and
called upon the mayor.
At my Interview Willi him hu insured
mo the city was quiet ; and, being anx
ious about thu position us well as tho com
fort of the troops, then in tho city iiinlor
my orders, 1 waited upon Lieut.. (Jon.
Shoridun, and in Ills presence received the
reports ol tlio ndjiitant-geiioral nnd of
.Mai. lleardsley. ol Hook Island, in whose
judgment I had great confidence, and he
concurred in their naieiuent thai quiet and
order pruvsiled throughout tl.u city, and I
ien nim wuu urn oxpuciiuion that tho
militia would ut unco return to thoir
homes, and that thu regular troop tlii n in
tho city would bo withdrawn when con-
i uuur mesa impression?, i ien ciiicngo
nt U o'clock p.m. of thu l'Jth, to meet thu
If.. I .1 1. I . K.
gcnoral assembly, that was expected to
assemble on tho loth al neon.
H is not to bu denied, that If I had been
jealous of my authority, or eager to find
an occasion for ccntioversy, thorn was
enough in the dl-palelies id' Col, Dilger
and Lieut, linn. Sheridan, to iiroum mv
suspicious.; but It did nol o.'fiii' t i mo un.
til tlio 17th day of October, when 1 re
ceived the llrst di.tinct Unowl Igu ol thu
mayors poclamiitioii, mil Leu (i in,
Sheridan' construction of his pi-wit, that
ho claimed, as a military ollb t of thu
I nlU'J Slutui iiriny, to cjimmind tho
militia sent by mo t thn city, in il tho mi
thority to onfiircu u i.i 11 ,ary p Icotbeieln,
1 would r.o', have tubmiltod t avli nu n-
siitoptlon for n momciil. for It would havo
he.'ii a lolntmn of my duty, ns well in mv
self-respect, to do so.
1 know tlmt ho was a resldcntof Chicago,
nnd fliippoed him to ,0 citizen of tho
stnt", nnd that ho was under tho sniuo so
cial nml political obligations that other
citizens nre. 1 had hm-ii tlmt ho hud or-
dorcd rcgulnr troops Into Chicago during
tli.) lire, and that he, like other citizens,
cxei tc.l h msolf to arrest tlio flames mid
11i1tlnta.il oitVrj nnd when I learned from
Col. Dilg. r. 011 the niornliig of tho 11th of
October, that tho mayor had referred him
to Lieut, (ien, Sheridan, nnd that ho had
very properly conferred with him ns to
what might bo proper to bo done. I still
supposed ho was acting ns 11 citizen of the
oily and the state, mid thnl the regiment
of "old soldiers'" was to bo ti voluntary or
ganization of men accustomed to service,
who, us citizen', wero wining to give to
tho state n few days for tho preservation
of ordor nnd law.
I do not now suppose tlmt tho regiment
of "old soldiers" that ho referred to wns
thai which was afterwards raised by his
orders, composed mainly of statu militia
nml students ol the L'hicago university ;
nt.d nt our meeting October 1'J, I did not
imagine that I was conferring with him ns
a military otllccr of tlio United Stales. I
Knew that 11 wa my duty us govcrno 01
tho stato to nll'ord a'ld to ilio local nutorl-
lle, If necessary, and that his duties woro
thoso of n citizen, and none other, I could
not, therefore, imagine tliat ho was exor
cising tlio Illegal authority he,nftorwads
It Is my Impression now, derived mainly
from tho nillcial report of Lieut. Gen.
Sheridan to the adjutaiil-gcncral, that ho
had no regular troops In Chicago until
tho night of tho lltli of October, as ho
probably did not issue his orders for the
movomoiit or troops to unicngo uniii
after tho Issuanco of tho mayor's prncla
mnllt ii on that day, upon which he relics
for his nuthorltv to employ them, and the
least distant point from which they wore
drawn was, probably, Loulsvllleor Oumli.i.
I am nlso convinced Hint as Into as the
rtb of October ho ordered additional
troops to Chicago to protect tho banks
fnmi trouble from tholr depositors.
I herewith submit the olllcial report of
Lieut, (ten. hhoridnn :
llcidouartets Military DisMon of the Missouri, I
t.t.nM M. ..1- . ,t ,R,l I
I'o the Adj't Ocncralof th
the Army, vrnsiii
p'Arme. Vftshinclon. 1). C
Sir. Ihe disorganlied condition ol attaint in inii
city, produced by and Immeiliatciy touossing inc i.nc
lire, inuureu me city auinoriucs io ...v ...-..-
mi r,f the inilitarv forces, as sliossn by the mayor
proclamation of October it, 1871 Copy herewith
marked A.J To protect ihe public Interests Intnistcd
tome by the major's proclamation, I called to this
city companies A and K of the Ninth Infantry, from
A. H and K.of the Fifth Infantry,
ib- comnanv t. Sixth I nfantry . from
Fort Scott, and accepted the kind offer of Major Gen
eral I lallcik to send me companies V II and k of the
Voiirth, and company I". of the Sixteenth Infantry,
from Kentucky. 1 also, ssith the approbation of the
mi.p mile! Into tlie sen Ice of ihe eltv of ChiCaCO.
a regiment of Toluntcers for twenty days. Copy of
this call enclosed nereis Itn, marked n.J incse troops,
both regulars and volunteers, ssere actlsely engaged,
during their serslec litre. In protecting the treasure in
the burnt district, guarding ihe unburnt district from
disorders and danger by further (Ires, and In protecting
the storehouses, depot and nib-deiots ol supplies
established for the relief of sufferers from the lire
'fhese duties ssere terminated on the 33d Inst, as
shown by letters Iteresslth, tmarksdC, D and V.,)and
on the 3ilh lust., the regular started to their respec
tive stations, and the volunteers ssere discharged, as
sho.sn by special order No. 76. snd general No 5 from
these headquarter. Conies liercsnth.J It I proper
to mention that these volunteers were not taken Into
serslceof the United States, and no orders, agree
ment or uromiscs ssere made giving them any claims
against ihe United State for service rendered.
1 am, very rciectiiiiiy your oneuicni servant,
I. II. SIIKRIDAN,
I.ieu'.enint General Commanding.
On tho 17th day of October, 1 llret
learned of tho existence of tho mayor's
proclamation. On tlio 19th 1 addressed
him tho dispatch copied below :
Springfield, Oil 19, 1871.
Hon. H. II. Mason, Ceicago, 111. :
What addition p. your police force is necessary to
inable )ou to ill-pen. c willi 1'nlted State troops?
JUIl.S. I .l..l l.l.a
On tlio sumo day I received thi uiiswer.
Chicago, Oct. 19, 1871,
Hon. John M, Palmer, Governor of lllinoi :
1 do not ihlnk any additional force will be neces
sary after the lapse of ten or fifteen days.
is. li.-.M,s:)sj.s, ..layor.
On tlio 20th of October I uddres,cd him
tlio following letter :
s.'T.ri. or Illinois, J'i.icrns Die'r.,)
finrlugll U, Oet. so, 1S7I.
To Hon. It. II. .Mason, Mayor of Chicago :
Stu: Thu general usscmbly has now
by auiilo nppropriiitiun provided for tho
support of 11 polico forco in Cliicago tliat
will he adequate to tho protection of per
sons nnd properly in tlio city, nnd 1 trust
no time will bo fust in making all needful
perpiiriitions for relieving thu military
forco now on duty under tho orders of
Lieut. Gnu. .Sheridan. It has excited tho
groat !.t surprise nnd has occasioned itio
the p ofuundest mortification that you fuil
cd ti inform me, ui you could easily huvo
done by tclcgrnpli, or through my confi
dential1 secretary who reached Chicago
on thu Utli of October, ol
tho neces-ity in your judeginent for the
employment of military lorca for thu
protection of tlio city, and it has pained
1110 quitu ns deeply that you should havo
thought it proper without consulationwitli
1110 by telegraph or otherwise, to have
practically abdicated your functions us
Happily there is no necessity, either
real or imaginary, for tho longer contin
miiico of this unomuluiis statu of things.
Tlie United States troops nro now in Chi
cago in violation of law. Kvury act of
otliccrs and soldiers of tbo United States
nrmy that operates to restrain or control
thu peoplo is illegal, ami their presence in
tho city, except for tho purposes of the
United' States', ought to bo no longer con
tinued. It is duo to you tlmt 1 should
confess that undur the 'trying circuintnn
ees tliat surrounded you 01. the occasion of
thu Into disaster, it was natural thai you
should inclino to accept aid from uny
quarter to cnablo you to nll'ord protection
10 persons unu properly 111 your city, oui
I regret tliat it did not occur to you that
your powurs under tho laws woro inad
equate to meet thu emergencies, mid tliat
you were untitled upon notico to me to tue
supportof tho whole power of tho stato.
From information, tliat I have nol been
nilbrdfcd an opportunity to ncqulro ollicial-
l.y, I havu learned t nut fjioui-uen. ftiieri
tlit it has rendered vuluablo service, for
which ho deserve! thu tliunks of thu peo
plo of Illinois ; but it would havo been
mi.ro sntisiactory to tiicm 11 11c, as n citi
zen, had given to you tho assistance of his
eminent abilities to organizo tho peoplo to
act, in conjunction with tho civil otliccrs
for thoir own protoction. That course
would lmvo boon far prcforablu to that of
concentrating a purl 01 tliu army 01 thu
United Mute In Chicago, and tho assum
ption by him of tho substantial military
control of tho city.
1 bono vim will ut onco inform Lieut
Gun. Slierfdnu of your readiness to rcstimo
tho coiuplotu government of tho city.
I havu tho honor to be, yery rcspecful
Iv, sir, vour obedient servant.
JOHN .M. PALMKH.
1 hero submit his unswur, dated on tho
'Jlst, but postmarked 011 October 23d :
Masor's OI1K', Citv of Chicago, 1
October ai, ls71. f
To 111 Kxcellency, John M. l'almr, (iovemor of
1110 nine 111 iiimoiH ;
Your letter, tf tlatii lstl; Inst., has been receiv
ed. Had sour cxoollciicv. sslien In Cliieiioo on
thnllllinud I'Jtli of Huh mouth, ltiloimi.it me ur
Lieut. ion. slier dan of yo'ir illsap rultitlun ul
tlieioiirni licit 1 nml thought proper 10 pursue,
111 liuviiigon tun 10th int., solicited nu nid ill
preerv ng tlio peneu unu firm r ot tho eits,
nnd piotretiug llits liven unit pinperty of Itn In.
liat.glaiilH , satisfactory rriisou cmild huso been
glsmi j our excelleiiey for so lining, mtny of
ssiuiiiii uoiiiii, cvuti non , nu uusviad to inaav
In ll.e tieri'orinance nl my ofhoiul dutleH. I in.
Hew. I that I Iw eiuvrgiiuoY renuired mo to inU..
I'm steps Unit t did, 1 do lint believe, ulieatlie
live nnd oint.ertv ol the oeonlo Uio in.ui.. nn.l
good ordei of h largo city .ire. hi .lunger, that It
Is thu time tn ui nslder miy iiieniiuiinof nol.
bay I but tlmt If tlio United Malm, lis the Bluing
unit of Us tiillltnrv, cuti give Ihe instantly reiiuir
rd iroteetloit to llle, propetty mid orilor, it Is
tho .lit) of thoso in puwer to avail thainselvea
of slfMi nwslMtitliri..
llefiro tin rSCCIt.t of sour iiimrnunl.itioii. 1
)i:"l already, upon consultation ssith Willi other
city otlti-irs, dv.'ldi'd Io dlspeuso ssith military
aid in a I..V or l.s.i, an. I I a-n I ippy tn lnlrtn
your e v.'ileni j tout on Mi ieluv, tin- . ".I ni't.,
Jour ft'ollen y lull be lohoved of nil utn fly
un n. cotinl ol ihn usslslnnco of tho uniii liy in
pinltelllig Ihe lives slid liropcrty of this prop'c
Very respccil li'y. It. II JIAfON, Mnjor.
On the day of October I first learn
ed of tho d.-alh of Gen. Thomas W. Gros-
vciior, from wound's Indicted by ono of the
volunteers enlisted under tho orders of
Liciit.-Oeii. Sheridan, nnd on Monday, Iho
J3d of October, in company Willi tho nil-jutant-gi
iieral, I vi-itetl Chicago to inves
tigate tho fuels.
On tho 27th dnv of October, from u con
viction that it wns in v dots' tn sou thill the
laws aro enforced. I 'addressed mi olllcial
letter to the attorney-general, herewith
submitted, and on tho ilOtlt tho following
letter to Charles II. Hood, Kq . States-Attorney
of tho seventh judicial circuit, on
tlio same subject:
Nlateof lllinoi Hiretitlvc Ilepirtment,
Sprlligtleld.Oet. JO, IU71, I
Charles II, Iteeil :
DenrHIr: I forward )ott herewith n ropy of
hu oiiieiiii letter auuresseii tiy run 10 11011. s
Hilshl.ill, attorney general, In relation Io tho clr
eiiinstantes of Uio death of (Ien. Ihomn W
The tnntter ha-orcnsloned me n great amount
of auxieti . and after die inont iiialnti. letteetioa
I am forenl to tho ennvictiod that tho Indictment
against Trotl. thu ersoti who hitllelrd tho
ssounds upon him. should nlso itrhide Philip II.
Mhcrldan, I'rank T Sherman nnd the other per
son wuu ei iiiiieu in uo (jnicvrts ut inu rspineii
- uominny i., rirsi regimciii oi tiuengo voiun
Some of thn reason that have forced me to
Ihlsronc'.iKlon nro contaliisil in my letter to thn
niiorney'Ki.nerni, nun ouicr ss in occur io sou
fanillmrnsymi ato with Hie criminal laws, ntu
thccotir-eof criminal lustier.
it would bo simply dlsl.oaurnble to you, nml to
tho state, t'.iproei'ittc)nting Treat tilone, locon
sli'llon. sslien Soil, mid eserv our besides that
nre supposed to knots u lint the law Is.n-o bound
io conii-ss tim'. t no is utility ot a legn ouense.
so nro thoso thn' placed hitn In n position to do
mischief ( nad neither you ner the stato nflhor
lili's enn llnd n leiral excuse for dleliarulnit
T'OAt w Ithotit ii trial. No coursr Is onsu tu Us
but to bol.iiy nnd sutinrely stand up lu the llnoof
I nnvo ssruien inis io you oecAiisd 1 can ssrit
iin.iersinn i inni you may i.-ei nuegren ot ucsita
lion in idviing the grnnd jury to mid an Indict
tiient ngninst such persons ns It II. Mnon. P. II
Slieridsn, Kiitult T. ijlirriiiun ; si.d n tins ca-e
concerns thn state, In it political capacity n
itiucii us in otner repecis, i iihiik u proper uiai
the governor should take tho responsibility of
sshil I done. And while I haro tlie ulinosteoiill
ilenco ill !! I do ndviu thu tiidiclment and
trial of nil conierne.l, ltesprirniiy,
JUIIN M. PALM Kit.
I have thus presented, with u dogreo of
minuteness that may bo thought utinecos
snry and tedious an account of tho ctlorts
by lho state ntilhorities to discharge their
whole dutv, nnd protect every interest ol
tho citizens of tlio stale: and then, to make
tho history complete, 1 will add what is
well known, that on tho 10th dav of Octo
ber, 1871, both Initios of tho general a.
semblv liaised u bill appropriating two
millions nine hundred and lltty-tlvc thou
sand three hundred iitnl forty dollar, with
interest thereon until paid, from tlio treas
urv of tho st'tte. for tho relief of Chicago,
nml for tho support of its police and flro
departments which lull was al one up
proved hy tho gorcrnor.
It will bo easily perceived that this
statement does not present a complete his
tory of flic acts of thu mayor and Lieut..
(ien. Sheridan, and tlio persons who acted
undor the command ol tho latter. I hav
been informed that he issued oilier orders
in ro'pect to tlio organization and govern
merit of the regiment, and tliat either ho
or his subordiuitei assumed tlio right to
command tlio organized militia of th
state, and that hu also gave directions to
tlio city police as to their duties, hnou
however, can bo discovered in the facta tic
voloped, to justify tho statement that the
conduct of tho mayor and tlio military
forces n well us thu regular troops us tliu
volunteers raised by General 8heridnn
was in till respects violative of tlio conti
tutiou of tlio United States and of this
state, and ut tlio satno time, hy their direct
eiicct arid example, sunverslvo ol the prin
cipies oi free government.
It seems to mo to bu so clear that tho
conduct complained of is contrary to tlie
constitution and tho laws, that it is im
possible, by any process of reasoning
maKo il moro so. the mnvor, tho more
cxecutivo olliccr ofn city created by tho
laws of this state, without control over the
police, nnd with only the general powers
of n conervator of tliu peace, nl.il ic.'itc-d
somo of tho limit important functions ami
duties of his othce, nml in connection wit I.
this refusal to discharge bis own duties,
attempted to jilaco tho laws of thu stato
under tno luot ot n citizen, who, forgetful
oi ins own uutv to respect, oooy and on
forcu tho laws, in tho capacity of an olllcer
of tho United Statos army, availing him
self of tho coloor of authority conferred
upon him bv tlio mayor, subjected his
fellow-sitizons to military rule. 'o of
ficer of the United States, or of tlio stato of
Illinois, has constitutional ur legal author
ity to oxcrciso such transcendent powers;
for Lieut. Gen. Sheridan omplovrd the
troops of lint United States in u manner
nol uutliorized oy Icdcrnl.mws. no raised
troops without the consent of congress,
and imposed upon thorn an unlawful oath.
Ho (lisrernrded tho provision oi uio consti
tution if this statu which provides that
"military shitll ho in 6tr!ct subordination to
tho civil power.'' and by posting his guards
nnd sentinels upon tlie streets ofn populous
city, with Instructions to nrrest persons
inssing upon them, nnd to lire upon them
in cu'o of a refusal to obey their authority,
tho life of a citizen, who was tindor tho
protection of tho laws, was destroyed,
Aim tno ground upon winch this dan
gerous assumption ot authority is de
fended is Hint ol emergency or necessity
l uonotuumit Hint uny necessity or emer
gency that could possibly uriso would
justly or nxetiso tho nets of tho mayor and
dent. wen. Mierman; nut as tins ueieuco
for their ccnducl has been vehemently
urged, nnd has, no doubt, mado somo im
jiression upon tho public mind, it may bo
proper to consider it In the light ot thu
Up to tho timo of tho nrrival of Iho
stato troop", on the morning of tlio lltli
lay of Octobor, according to all tlio
ovidonco presented by thu jiapors sub
mitted, J.leut. den. Sheridan had nut
olllcially intorforod in the sllgliest degrco
with tno nuairs ot tno city, nor was lliero
a single soldier of tho army of tho United
States in Chicago, If thcru wero any
doubts upon that point they lire put at rest
hy his own statements, in what is published
as his olllcial roport. llothorosays; " The
disorganized condition of ull'alrs in
tills city, produced by and immedi
ately following tliu lato lire, induced the
city authorities to ask for tho assistance
of "tlie military forces, its shown br tho
mnyor's proclamation of October 11, 1871.
" to protect the pub
lic Intorcsts intrusted to mo liy tho mnyor's
proclamation, I called to this city com
. . i i . , , . - . .
panics i ami rv, uic. no ouviousiy in
tends to inform tho iidjtitnnt-gcnoral Hint
ho ordorod tho troops into Cliicago after
tho iesuaiu-.e, nnd in consequence of tho
mavor'a proclamation. If ho had in fact
ordered regular troops into Cliicago prior
to tlmt tunc, I leave nun to reconcile that
fact with Ills roport to Ins official sunorior.
Thn lira broko out on tho night of tho 8th
of Octobor, nnd censed during tho nftor-
iioon of tho .'tn, unu during tho day nnd
night of tho tub and tho d.ty nnil night of
tho 10th of October, the civil otll tors and
policu forco aided hy a single battalion
of statu militia under .Major Ahtrtni. who
had tendered its services to tlio clilef of
polico on tho Oth anil tho peoplo of tho
city, largo numbors of whom had boon
sworn in as special police, had without
dllllctilty preserved ordor At 1 o'clock
on the morning of tho Uth, tho ndjutniit
general of Illinois arrived, with two
hundred mtm, to increase tlio force,
and nt 8 o'clock a, m, of tho snmo
day, beforo tho mayor's proclama
tion was Issued, lliero was on
duty in Cliicago. Thu regular pollou
forco, numbering upwards of -HID innri ,
.Major Alitrups battalion, '-'00 men (soo
hlsrtport) tuo mllilis. of the state, 15
mob (-';o iidjutatit-gi'iierrirg roporOi oth
ers rtpldly approaching, nnd sovcral or
gan zed companies of iiillltlii within easy
rem M (sco ndJtitHnt-geriornrs report), and
thu vholo tuiila population of Chicago and
Cool county subject lo tho call of thu local
aiillii rities. and that of tho stnto under tho
order of tliu governor.
'1 he officers in command of Iho troops
sent by me to Chicago, weru among tlie
moi.1 tnsiinguisneii oi tuo into vuiunlcur
service. I n proof of this, no soldier of the
lalu war need bo moro than reminded of
Col. Hubert Dilger, of tho artillery of tho
army of tho Cumberland; Mulor J times
M. Jlcnrdsloy, of Iho 13th Illinois volun
teers; .Major )-.. ti. Johnson, ol tho an
Illinois volunteers ; Cnpt. Joseph AV. S
Stambaugh, of tho U. H. cngincor corps;
Capt. T. tjulvcr, whoso honorable crutchefl
attest his hrnvcry; ontit. K. Snyder, a
trained soldier from tho European aiiiiles,
who earned his American citizenship by
valuable services in tho South and west,
nml now fills tho honorable position of
professor of languages nnd inilitarv tac
tics in thn Illinois Industrial university;
Cant. 11. Kuhltnnnn, of coimlly tried serv
ices , or Cant. Donegan ami his colored
nun. each ut whom participated In thohor-
ros of tho initio Ueioru uciorsnurg, unu
bears an honorable dischnrgo from tho
army, rscmiv nil tho enlisted men II
may ho added wero nonoroio soldiers oi
thn lato war.
Then what was tbo emergency that oc
currcd on tho 11th to justify tho acts of the
mayor and lieutenant general I have
no information on that point, except what
I gathered from Lieut. Gen. Sheridan's
olllcial report. Ho says, In describing the
employment or His lorccs. " ) nese troops
both raguUrs and volunteers, woro act'
ivoly engaged during the service here in
protecting tho trensuru in tho burnt dis
trict, guarding thu unburnt district from
disorders) and danger bj'-furllior fires, and
in protecting too slorc-houscx, depots and
sub-depots of supplies oitablished for tho
relief of sull'erors from tho lire. Thcsoilutles
wero terminated on tho 23d Inst., and
on tho Jotli, inst, tho regulars started to
their respective stations, ami tho voiun
tecrs wero discharged. lie doe! not, ll
Is true, lu this report, made on thu "J.'.tli
day of October, after enumerntlrig these
moro polico duties, allude to tho services
or company Ii ol tho regiment or volun
teers, tlmt, "us lateas the night of the -0th
ot Octobor, nl a distance nl three milt
from the burnt district, whilu eriforcln
military rulby guards nad sentinels, with
orders to nrr;t suspected persons nml
shoot such ns refused to obey their ortlrrs,
killed Thomas W. Grosvcnor, but the omis
sion must b accounted for by supposing
Hint he regnrdod thise operations as inrri
ly incidental to the emergent dutv o
protecting tin; treasures In tho burnt dis
trlct, guarding tho unburnt district from
disorders ami lurthcr lire, and protecting
the storo houses ot supplies.
It wjll be seen that iu discussing the
conduct of the mnvor and Lieut-Gen
Sheridan, I havo preferred to follow tho
accounts given by themselves, rather than
thoso which havo been invented and ex
nggorated to create ti public sentiment un
favorable to u fair judical investigation
I presume no instance can bo found in
the history of freo stttes where public of-
Heels', for reasons so lllmsy, have uudi
taken to suspend tbo laws.
Inlluonced nlono by n senso of duty, nnd
by tins, belief that tlie acts ol thu partlci
nmed were contrary to the lnws and rc
nronchfiil lo the character of tho poop!
of tho stato. and of most dangerous cx
ample, I have deemed it my duty to hy
oil tho rcts lieloro tlio general assembly
and tlio poople of tlie stato. in preparing
nnd addressing tho loiters of tho '-'Sth day
of October to" tho attorney general anil
state's attorney of tho seventh judicial
cinuit, and, indeed, in nil that I hav
written cr done in regard to thesu all'airs,
I was awaro that I could scarcely nvo
si vine ofl'encu to powerful interests tliat
have, for the present, the support of tho
opinion ami sympathies ot many, pernnps
a muinritv. of tho peoplo of Chicago; and
I knew, nl -o, that tlio eoplo of the state
are still so ur under the Inlluence of feel
ing of hostility to secession and its kind
red heresies, that they are inclined to view
with distrust tho assertion ol the nuthorltv
of a state and its constitution and law
whenovcr thn authority claimed Is opposed
to nnv pretension ol tho federal govern
mcnt, or any person who professes to net
in its name, .oroan J proiess u oo en
tirely free from such feelings, though 1
cannot bring myself to bclievo that the
federal and stnto" governments nro hostile
or rival orcnnlzations. each eiger to gra'P
and absorb tlio proper powers of tho
other, but I regard them as in fuel but
different agents and trustees of tlio pople
instituted bv them with dltlerent power
and designed for different purpose, ami
tlmt tho people can and will modify and
diminish or enlarge tho powers of each
as tlies mav determine will best sccuro
their own liberties and promote their own
Hut whilu 1 continut! to occupy thn
place to which I havo been nssigricd by
mv f..ll,itv.i.itiri.n j. It U tne du t v to exert
all tho powers thuy havo conferred upon
me to maintain tlio adlustments of politi
cal power, precisely in tlio peoplo of tlio
United Slates and thostutoot Illinois have,
bv their own solemn constitutions, deter
mined. I am not at liberty, uvon by my
silonco or indillcrcnce, to consent to nets
that will, bv their direct consequences or
bv their influence and oxumplo, insidious
ly chnrigo tho spirit and substance of our
institutions, whilu tno lorms oi uio gov
eminent npparoutly remain unultcred.
One of the vital principles that under
lies our whole system of government is thai
of tho complete separation anil tho nbso
luto indepcndcncQ of thu federal and stato
governments. Chief-Justico .Marshal, ono
of tho most eminent jurists and statcsmon
whoso names adorn our history, sunt: "it
America tho powers ofsovoreignity aro di
vided between the government of the Un
Ion nnd thoso of the states. Thov lire each
sovoreigu, with respect to the objects com'
milted to it; and neither sovereign, with
respect to tho objects committed to tho
other. And I huvo supposed that men is
not only tlio proper vlow of tho relative
powers of tbo two svstams in tho light
tho constitution nnd of iudlclal decisions,
but that It has its foundation in necessity
nnd reason. It is impossible to suppose
tho enso of two governmental agencies
that possess Iho same powers, Hint nro
subloct to thosami) duties with rospect
thn Fiimo oblocts at tho satno moment
If such u view was possiblo, under uny
incomprehensible system of politics, what
would ho tno ollect oi tin uitompv io givi
It practical nnnllcatlon ? It would be
tlmt on occasions of disordor of dilllcultv
each would depend upon tho other, until
tho rights and safety of tho poople would
uo imperiled ; or, ll ooiu siioum cagorij
liaiten to tho discharge of tlio common du
tv. tholr powers would bo brought into
collision for if their powers nnd dutlos
woro euual. who shall decide between
thntu ? On thn lutn nee nsion 111 Cliicago,
Itwnsoulv becauso tho representatives of
the legal and rightful authoriiy yiuiueu
though unconsciously to that which was
usurpud and illegal, that wo escaped an
And it Is quite ns dHlieult to imugino a
casu in which tho inhabitants, or any
olllcor ofn city or district, havo tho right,
when thoy require assistance, to elect tho
govurrinient from which thoy will demand
It. Chicago is a part the stato of Illinois,
nnd upon "principles that wo can under
stand, thu rights nnd duties of tho stnto
and the citv aro reciprocal. Tho obligation
of the Inha'hitants of tlio city of Chicago,
nnd of all of its olllceis, to obey tho laws
of tho Mate, and to submit to nnd
enforco Its authority, Is continual,
and ud nits of no interruption; mid tho
itutv or t tie slate to protect us propen
thn niithority of It, ,nvs, nnd tho uguii-
of its olllcors. ran to. HI nip fiiti, an tiii Im
suspended. Hut if tho pooplo of ('It mgo,
or Its mayor, havo iho right, upon oc
casions of urgency, lo call In tho support
if tlie army;ol tho, Cllllo I States, nnd tin rc
iv ex'iudc tho authority of thu state, how
nro tho olllcials of the stuto to govern their
On thn lltli dnv of O.iober. after tho
militia of the statu had reached tho city
uudur tho c.sll of tnu mayor, he decided to
call on tho military forces of the United
States, and to utithorizu hiuiit.-Gcti. Sheri
dan to reject tho aid of the stale, In his
odoi note to Lieut.-Ucn. Sheridan, ol tlio
morning of thnt day, ho said i "If, In your
opinion, thn mini 'ilm ti.it u'linte I. iifi.ian
ordor their return." If this rieht ot elec
tion nnd oxcluslon hy the mayor exists,
what aro tho futuro duties of tlio authori
ties of tho stnto ? If tho condition of Chi
cago should ngaln bo such that Its civil
torco is inadequate, and a call be mado up
on tho governor for summri. svh.,1 u-.m d
bo his duty? For the right of election
cannot bo nlono in the city, or the mayor,
and even tho commander of tho Unites.
niaios lorcesiiiightconcludu that he would
It seems to inc. then, to brcli.i.r ib.t
our free institutions rest npon tho princi
ple that tho powr nnd duty of the .Stuto to
preservo order nnd maintain tho laws
wiihin Its own boundaries aro complete
and perfect, and aro not subject to tho
control and Intorferoiico of the authorities
of Iho United States In any ease whatever.
.. . . . . . i . . . . . . , . .
uui uii mo niiinoriiics oi anv city or
county rellovo tho stato from such duties.
I am not lorgotrul of tlio fact that by thn
provisions of tho ith section of thn 4th
urtlclo of the constitution of Iho United
States, that govcrnmotit is bound, under
uui nun circumstances, io pro c t ttio slates
fcim domestic violeuo ; but this constltu
t'oiinl provision, Hnd thu laws enacted In
pursttanco uiercor, aro not in opposition,
but accord with tho perfect iml iLn.
of the states, Thu language of tha consti
tution is : "Thu United States
shall protect each of them the states on
aiiiiL-uiioii oi uio legislature, or or
tho oxcutlvo (when thu legislature can
not bo convened) against domestic vio
lence." Under tho constitution It Is loft
lo the stato authorities to dctermino tho
necessity for federal aid, and no olllcer of
tho army, under any circumstances, li at
liberty, without their consent, to Interfere
in uieir internal allalrf.
Tho objections umod br me to tlio enn-
duct of tbo par tins present no question of
conllictlng Btihtorily between the govern
ment of the Unitcd'SlaUs and tho stato of
Illinois, nor do my views Iiiipuimi the tight
of tho United States to enforco its laws in
the States without the assent of the stato
authorities, or by agencies created by it
self, under its own constitution: fur the
acts set forth uro opposed to tho laws enact
ed by both gorernmants, nnd arc derogru
tory to ireo government ovcry where. Al
ready It appears, upon the authority of a
dispatch from Washington, published in a
New York paper, that tho paralyzing in
fluence of this dangerous examiilt of mil
itary rule Is filt in Chicago. It Is stated
in tho dispatch I quote, that ''though tho
people of Chicago are unwilling to admit
publicly that thoy neod regular troops,
thoy havo petitioned tho president, pri
vately, for them," and it is said that Tour
companies of regulars havo been sent to
Cliicago to giv tho peoplo of a city of
three hundred thousand Inhabitants" tbo
protection made necessary by their own
It Is the languago of tho constitution
that "tho (dpreruc executive power shall
bo vested in tho governor, who shall take
care that tho laws be faithfully executed,"
and I havo in this instance as in all
others faithfully and fearlessly attempted
to discharge tlmt duty upon which tho
vigor of tho lnws nml tho preservation of
all that is precious to tho peoplo depend
JOHN M. l'ALMKK.
I'AL'Ji (J SUM I'll,
ID IR, TT G-GIST,
it r. .ii o v i: it.
NO. 103 COM.M KHCIA L AVKNUK,
Oppositk Atiic.vkum, - - Caiiki, Ii.i.
l'.i)s particular attention lo tilling all physicisn
nil. I lamlly picseriptlou.
33 -A. "X" OE HSri G-HT
tkvr.l h oc ii a m
A L h Y A 'I' K X T M K I) I (J I N K S
worth having. Agent for
Kltl-MS I KVEIt TONIC,
Warranted the test Fover Killer known in this
NO OUKK-MONKY KKFUNDED
BUCIIU AND DANDELION,
An excellent remedy In all diseases of the Ki t
ney, equally, ns send or better
than llembold's, and tor
also so cit roa
l(uniiliroy'M Ilomeoiil'iithlr Npeelflo.
Ill- ssel! selected stock of
Of ovoiy description cannot he
surpassed by niy estab
lishment ol the
kind In tho
M001U'" & MATHEWS,
IIohso, Sign and Ornnmontnl
llccomlivo ViiptsrliniiRlnir, KiiUomln
in If, ilv.(
Dpno iu tho hlhet itjlo ol the ail, ntd a
rates that ilely competition,
shop is rmniY iioubK, cohnkr of th