Newspaper Page Text
JOHN H. OBBRLY & CO.
To the Senate and Home of lejirrstntatlre!
In nddrojiinff my third nniiunl message
to the law-making branch of tlm govern
ment, it ii gratifying to statu that ilurini;
the past yer success lm incrnlly at
tended tho effort to execute tho laws round
s' UP'' the staluto books. The policy liui.
not been to inquiro into tho wisdom of the
laws already cnactod, but to learn their
pint and intent, and to enforce tliem ho
jordingly. THK PAKT YEAR
The past vear lma. nmli.r u wi... i..,i
loncc, been ono of genurul prosperity to
tin nullit. It 1 I i ' .
.... ........... n, iKiwuTer, necn nucnu
U With inurn (Knn 1 ..l t ... i.
,, "tm anJ P"Pfty by storm and
orth tho bot clement! of human irnturo
i our country, and to develop n friendship
r us on tho part of foreign nationn which
oo far towards alleviating the distress
ccasioncd by tho cnlamilici. Tho bene v.
lent who have so generously shared their
leans witli the victims of Huso misfor
J lit j will rcan their rnwnnl in tlm n,n,
ilousne'i of havlne nerformeil n nnl,l..i,M
nd In rccolvlng tho grateful thanks of
ion, women arm cnilcircn whoso su IT rim-
ivj tintu ruiiuruu.
The relations of tha Unllwl StHt4 With
reign powers continue to bo fiiundly.
ic jmi naa pgen an eveniiui uio In
measim? two in.t ,. . ....... i.
g ono langiingo and having or.n
leagc, settlinc by poaceful arbitration
lliutvs of loni? standitii'. urnl li.l.tn ..i
iV tllilil tnbrinff tlintii t,..it,,,-!(,. 1.I.....1 ..
iiiaiuc L-uMiiiviv. ah oxumpin Mas
been set which, if suu-i-.ifiii in it.
.in. til. ...II... . . .
i niuc, mav on lonnwwl ir m hnr
zed nations, and lie tlm fl
rn no fn nnnliihllu. H, ...I... till
men now iiiuinuinoa to fettlo tliu dii-
tos or nations by tho bayonet nri'1
- - ...... h V. U I , I ui till. .1 1. 11 . I
transmit tiA-Awitl. AA ri ....
uded to, which has been concluded since
1 adjournment or Lowrreis with Her
itannic Majesty, and n winy of tho pro
ol of the conference! of the commit
ners by whom It wai negotiated. This
atv provides methods for niHiiitim itm
titions tfnltnt' Lm tv..,! tt1A ..
i ti... t
TtHl Int .III It.llnn I ... . ...I ..
ss at an tarly day to make the noces-
v nrnvitimi tnp thn i.iiinn.i ..t r:...
- - - ..... ruivtni .viiJiMi?9iiiui tin inn
I of tho United State, ciillml fur liv
treatv. His Majesty, tho King of It
, the l'rcsident of the Swiss Uonfcdcrn-
and ills Ma est v. the Krnnernr ..f
,11 ...1. '.::.. .1 " - .i' " . ,
, wvt iiuuiv-ijivii, uii iuu jiari 01
two powor, to name an arbitrator for
tribunal at (iencva. I have earned
thinks to be suitably expressed for tho
liness with which the joint request hai
n complied with hv the nlinfilnf mmit nf
tlcmen of eminence and learning to
e important positions.
hA.V JL'AX IIOUNPAKY.
is Majesty the Kmperor of Germany
been pleased to comply with tho joint
1 of the two governments and has
tented to net as the arbitrator of tlm
uted water boundary between the
es and Great llritain. The contract
parties in the treaty lmve undertaken
egard as between thetiikelva certain
iCiplcs of public law for which Uio
t-A Ntufn. Iio. nnnlnniliij frr.i.t tin.
xw li.J " . i."H 11. II'I'IU 1 1 u III .no
mencement of their history. They
j also agreed to bring theso 'principle
ha knowledge of the other maritimo
ers, and to invito them to accede to
t. Negotiations are going on as to
form of tbonoto by which the invlta-
is to ho extended to tho powers.
reccommend tlm legislation necessary
he part of tho United States to bring
operation the articles of the treaty
ting to tho other matters touching the
ted Stales towards ,tho llritih North
erican possessions, ' to becomo opera
as soon as the proper legislation shul!
held on the part of Great llritain and
possession!. It is much to be desired
this legislation may become operativo
rothe lisliunncn of the United Slates
n to mako their arrangements tor the
It KCI I'KOC A I. N A V K1AT1O.V.
liavo addressed n communication, of
:h a copy is transmitted, herewith, to
Uovernora nt cw ork, t'ennsyi
a, Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois
1 i&uuiibiii, urging ujiuii iiiu uiiwiii-
ts of the Slates respectively, tlie ncc
ryactlon on their part to carry into ef-
-iitf : .. .... .1... .H
tlio object oftno articlo ot the treaty
:h contemplates tho use of the canals
ilther bide, connected willi tho navig
n of the lakes nnd rivers forming tho
idary, in terms of equity by the inlinb
ts of both countries It is hoped that
importance of tho object and tho benc
to flow therefrom will securo tho
dy approval and legislative sanction
10 States concerned.
THE I'OKTY-NINTII PARALLEL.
renew tho recommendation for an ap
iriation for dcterming tho truo posi
of the forty-ninth parallel of latitude,
ro it forms, tho uoundnrv between
United States and tho British
th American posscsalons, between the
0 of tho "Woods and tho summit of the
ky Mountains. Tho early action of
grcss on this rccommendutiou named
Id put it in tho power of tho war de
ment to place n forco in the field dur
the noxt summer.
IOTECTION OF dEIl.MAKS IX FRANCE.
ho resumption af diplomatic relations
roen Franco nnd Germany have en
d mo to givo directions for tbo with
val of tho protoctlon extended to
mans in Franco by tho diplomatic and
lular representatives of tho United
cs in that country. It is just to add
, thodolicato duty of this protection
been performed by tho Minister and
Consul General at Paris, nnd the varl
coniuls in Franco under the supor
on of tho latter, with great kindness
ell as with prudence nnd tnct. Their
rse has received tho commendation
the German goNornmont nnd has
inded no sensibilities of tho French.
RELATIONS WITH QKRUAXY.
he govcrnmeut of tho Km plro of
many continues to manifest n friendly
mg towards tho United State?, and a
re to harmonlzn with tho moderate
just policy which this government
ntains in its relations with Asiatic
ers, as well a with tho South Amor-
repuuiics. 1 imvo given afsurunco
, tho friendly feolinL's of that gov-
nontaro fully shared by the United
ho consular nnd naturalization cot.'
Mlwte.nl,!'..,hS AUiSro:,IuBSrln Km-
plro but 0 U-cn exchanged.
I have boon olllciallv Informed of tho
annexation of tho Stntes of tho Church to
the kingdom of Italy, and tho removal of
tbo capital of that Kingdom to Home, and
in conformity with the established policy
of tho United Stale", I imvo recognized
Thu ruiillcalioiis of tho now treaty of
comincrco between tho United States und
Italv have been exchanged. The two pow
er havo agreed in their treaty that pre
Perty at sea shall bo exempt from capturo
in caso of war between tho two powers.
ilio united htutos huvo spired no oppor
tunity of incorporating this rubj Into nil its
CLAIMn AflAIN'RT M'AIN.
The Korty-l'irst Cnrigrcfh, nt Its third
sosioti, made an appmprliitioti for tho or
ganization of 11 Mixed CommiMion for nd
judiciiting upon tho claims of citizens of
thu United Stalls against Spain, growing
out or tho persecutions In Cuba. That
eomrnlsion bus slnca been organized, 1
i nil-mil, iiiTuwiwi, uio uorrcspouuenco re-
miiiig o in loritiniion ana Its jurisdiction.
It is to bo hoped that this commiloii
will afford tho ciiiimnut' a uomplvtu rem
edy for the injuries.
M'AI.V AK! TIIK Mll'TH AMUHIi.'A.V HEPl'll.
It ha boon mado lju) agrccablo dutv of
tho I'nitt-d Slates toiircsule over a confar
unco at Washington lutwccn tho ilcnip
tcntiary of Spain and the allied South
American republics which has resulted in
in nn nrmlsticj with tho reiHonablu acsur
unco of u permanent peace.
01! II RELATIONS WITH l:i;.-"iIA.
The intiinale and friendly relations
which have co long cxis ed between t he
tho United States and ltuin mm!
iliiturhed. The visit of the third son of
tho Kmperor is a proof that thcio Is no dc- j
vii uo iiu ui nn govi-rnincni to di
minish tho cordiality of theio relations,
and the hospitable reception which has
been given by tlm Grind Uuko U a proof
that on our shin we sburo the wlhes of
Tho Inexcusable coursu of thn I!n.!n
Minister at Waihinton rendered it
cssary to ask his re-cull and to dcellno to
longer receive that functionary us u diplo
mam; him eicmiuive. it was imnoiti h .
-ill. ...ir . i.i. ..... I--,
ilo AtolStiT r,
Catacazy to continue to hold
t - . i I
with this government, after his ubu.e of
government officials, and during his per
sltent interference, throuirh various
mean.', with tho relations between th..
United States and other powers. In nr.
cordancu with my withes this government
m vwn relieved oi Hinder intercourse
with .Mr. Calacazv. and tho in.innirinnni
of tho Imperial iJegation has passed Into
the hands of a gentleman entirely unobjec
With Japan wo continue to maintain
intimate relation?. Tho Cabinet of the
Mikado ha. since tho cloio of thn Inst .
sion of enngre-p, selictcd citizens of the
united Mat-- to servo in ofllces of impor
tance in several departments of tho gov
ernment, and 1 havo reason to think that
this selection is duo to an appreciation of
the disiutcrcstcdnesis of the policy which
the United States havo pursued towanl
Japan. It i our desire to rontintio ti
maintain this dii-interetcd and just policy.
With China, us well ns Japan, the cor-
reipondcnce t rausmilted herewith shows
that there Is no disposition on tho part of
this government to swerve from its estab
FURTHERANCE OF AMERICAN INTKRE.-T-
IN JAPAN AND CHINA.
To trivc importance and to ndd to tho
efficiency of our diplomatic relations witli
japan nnu unina, nnd '.o further us in re
taining the good opinion of thoso people,
and to secure to tho United St ites its sharo
of the commerce destined to flow between
these nations and tho balance of tho com
mercial world, I earnestly recommend
that an appropriation bo inn'doto support
at leaiit four American youths in each of
these countries, to servo as n part of tho
omciai lumilies ot our ministers there.
Our representatives would not even then
bu placed tiiion an eotislltv
with tho representatives of Grcut
llritian and somo other powers. As now
situated, our representatives in Japan and
mina nave to depend lor interpreters and
translators upon tho native) of lhoo coun
tries, who know our languor imperfectly,
or procure for tho occasion tho services of
employes in foreign business lioufC3, or tho
interpreters to other furcigu ministers. 1
would nuo recommend liberal measures
for tho purpose of uiding tho American
lines of steamers now plying between San
Francisco nnd Japan and China, and tho
Australian line, which ure almost our only
romaining lines of ocean steamers, and of
increasing their service.
THE COREAN TROUIII.ES.
Prompted bv u desiro to put an eml to
tho barbarous treatment of our .binwrr.lt.
cd sailors on tho Coreun coant.I instructed
our minister at i'okin to endeavor to eon.
elude a convention with C'orea for secur
ing the saiety and humane treatment cf
such marincrr. Admiral llogers wus in
structed to accompany him with u suffi
cient force to protect him in caso of need.
A small surveying pnrty, tent out, on
reaching tho coast, was treaehcroukly at
tacked at a disadvantage. Amplu oppor
tunity was given for explanations and nn
apology for thu Insult, hut neither
came. A forco was thon landed,
nnd after an arduous march over
n ruggod anl difficult country, tho forts
from which tho outrages had been commit
tod were gallantly assaulted and destroyed.
Having thus punished the crimlnals.'and
having vindicated tho honor of tho flag,
tho oxpodition roturncd. Finding it im
practicable, under tho circtimstancos, to
conclude tho desired conventiou, I respect
fully rofer to tho correspondence relating
thoroto, herewith submitted, nndleavo tho
subject for such action as congress may seo
fit to take, J
THE REPUIILIl! OF MEXICO
has not rcpoaled tho vory objectionable
law establishing what is known as tho frco
zono on tha frontier of tho United States,
It is hoped that this may yet bo dcue,
and, also, that tnoro stringent measures
may bo taken by that republic for restrain,
ing lawless porsons on its frontiers. I hopo
that Mexico, by its own uction, will soon
relleTo thss government of thu difficulties
experienced from these causes.
CENTRAL ANU bOUTII AMERICA.
Our relations with tho various republics
of Central and South America continue,
with ono exception, to bo cordial nnd
frlandly. 1 recommend some nction by
congress regarding tho overduu instal
ments under tho nward of tho Yonezueltt
claims commission of lBiiC. Tho interim!
.llenlion, of this government present no
' Justification for tho absence of an effort to
"""'i their solemn treatv obligations.
'I'l... ..till it... . ,
with Nlcaracua his boon oxelinrei1.
iiiu iiiiiiitauuM 01 an eiiraauion irca.v
it. V-l I 1 . . J
It is n subject for congratulation thut
tho great empire of Hrazil has takon tho
initiatory slops toward tho abolition of
slavery. Our relations with tho empire,
nlways cordial, will naturally bo more so
by this act. It is not too much to hope
fllut llin ...... . .Ik ,.
linn uiu uuvoruiiicui oi jirazii may hero
nflcr find it for Its Intnrnit ni u'ull In
Irlnslcally right, to advanco toward cntlro
uniancipaiion moro rapidly than at pres
ent contemplated. Th
and L'reatncssof n n.itlun l in 1,n c,..,n,t ii
thu elevation and education of its labor
SPANISH WEST INKIER
It Is a subject for regret that the reforms
in this direction which woro voluntarily
(..uiiioeu oy mo statesmen oi spam havo
not beoe carried out in its West Indian
colonics. Tho laws nnd regulations for
wie apparent nooiinon ol slavery in Cuba
and 1'orto Itico havo molt of the laborers
in bondago, with no hope of release until
their lives becomo n burden to their em
I deslro to direct your attention to tho
lact mat citizens or tho United Stales aro
largo holders In foreign lands of this spe
cfc of property, forbidden by the funda
mental law of their adopted country, and
I recommend to congress to provide by
stringent legislation u suitable remedy
against the holding, owning or dealing in
slaves, or being interested .lu slave prop
erty in foreign lands, cither an'owne'rs,
hirers or mortgagers bv purons of tho
Ills to be regretted that the dUturbod
condition of tho island of Cuba continues
to bo it source of annoyance nnd anxiety.
The existence- of a nrotracted strmn.ln i'n
such clou proximity to our own territory,
without any apparent prospect of an early
termination, cannot b othnr tlmn m )
jectof concern to a peoplo who, while ab
staining from interference in the affairs of
other powers, naturally desire to lee every
country In tho undisturbed enjovment o'f
.. ii, . 1..
lfuv;e, iioirty ana mo blessings ot free in
ailutioii". Our naval commanders in Cuban wa
ters havo been instructed, incase it should
become neceS!ary,to spare no effort to pro
tect tho lives und property of bona-h'do
j American citizens and to maintain thn
luigniiyni tne ua
i!....,... . .,
'loP that all pending questions.
witli Spain, crowiim out of tho affair of
Cuba, may bo adjusted in the spirit of con
ciliation which has hitherto guided tho
two powers in their treatmont of such
REDUCTION OF THE KBIIV.
The national debt has bece reduced to
tho extent of $U,0o7,12C80 during the
year, and by thu negotiation of national
bonds nt n lower rate of lnteret, tho in
terest of tho public debt has been so far
diminished that now the urn to be raised
for the interest account is nearly $17,000,
000 less than on the 1st of March, 180'J. It
was highly desirablo that this diminution
slii-uld take ploco both to strengthen tho
credit of tho country, and eonvinco its
citi.cn of their entire abiliU to meet evcrv
dollar of liability without bankrupting
them; but in view of tha accomplishment
of those detirablo ends, of the rapid de
velopment of tiic resources of the country,
its increasing ability to meet largo de
mands and thu nuiouut already paid, it is
not desirablo that tho present resource? of
tha country tliould ooritinuo to l. l...l1i.
order to continue this rapid payment. I
thcrcforo recommend a modiftcatiot: of
both tariff and internal tax laws.
AIIOLIHON OF INTERNAL TAXEC RECOM
MENDED. I recommend that nil taxes from inter
nal sources bo abolished except thoso on
f piritiious, qinous and malt liquors, tobacco
in its various forms, from stamps. In re
adjusting tho tariff I suggest that a care
ful citimatu be made of thu amount of sur
plus rcveuuo collected under tho present
laws after providing for tho current ex
penses of the government the inter
est account and a sinking fund, and that
this Hirplus bi reduced in such manner as
to afford tho greatest relief to tho greatest
number. There aro many articles not
produced at home, such as medicine and
compounded essences, from which very
little revenue is derived, but which enter
into general use, all such articles I recom
mend to bo placed on tho free list. If
such n further reduction provo advisable.
. ,1., .... .
i wouiu men recommend i lint u no mado
on thoso articles on which it can be dono
without disturbing homo production or re
ducing tho wages of American labor. I
havo not entered into figures, becauso to
do so would bo to repeat nil that is laid
before you in the report of thu secretary
of the treasury.
COLLECTORS OF CUSTOMS,
In tho present laws for collecting reve-
nuo you pay collectors of customs small
salaries but provide for shares in ul
seizures, which, nt the principal ports of
entry particularly, raiso tho compensation
of thcio officials to a large sum. It lias
always s.'Cinel to mo that this system
must at all times work perniciously. It
holds out nn inducement to dishonest men.
should such get possession of those offices,
to oo lax in their scrutiny of goods en
tered to enable them finally to make large
seizures. Your attention is respectfully
Invited to this subject.
Tho continued fluctuations In tho va!ue
of gold as compared with national curron-
cy bus ii most damaging effect upon tho ln-
crcasu nnu uoveiopmcni oi tlie country, in
keeping up the prices of nil articles neces-
snry In evnry-day life, and fosters u spirit
oi gruiuuiuig at ma national nuances, ii
the question can bo met, sons to get a fixed
vnluo to our currency, Hint valuu constant
ly nnd unforinly approaching pnr with
specie, ii very desirablo objoct will ko
For tho operations of tho army in tlie
pnst year, the expense of maintaining it,
thu estimates for tho cniulng ynar, and for
continuing the sea coast and other Im
provements conducted under tho supervis
ion of thu war department, I refer you to
thu accompanying report of the sccrotary
1 call your attention to tho provisions of
tho net of congress, npprovod March Urd,
1809, which discontinues promotions in tho
stall corps of tho army until provided for
by law. I recommond tint tho number of
olllcors in each grado of tho staff corps bo
fixed, and that whorover tho number in
uny one grado fulls below the number so
fixed, that tho vacancy may bo filled by
promotion from tho grado below. I also
recommond that when thu otlico of chieftif
corps becomes vacant tho placo may bo
filled by selection from tho corps in which
tho vacancy exists.
THE NAY Y llEPORT.
Tho report of tlm secretary of tho navy
ghows an Improvement in tho number and
CAIRO, ILLINOIS, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER ij, 1371.
efficiency In tho naval force, without ma
terial Increase in thu oxpenso of support
ing it. This is duo to tho policy which has
beon adopted, and Is being oxtonded ns
fait as our material will admit, of using
smaller vessels as cruisers on tho several
stations. Uy this means wo havo been en
abled to occupy at once a larger extent of
cruising ground, to visit more frequently
tho posts whero tho prcsenco of our flag i'j
desirable, and generally to discharge offi
cially tho approximate duties of tho navy
in time of pcaco without exceeding tbo
number of men or tho expenditures au
thorized by law.
During tho past year the navy has, fn
addition to its regular service, supplied tho
men and officers for tho vessels of tho coast
survuy. and has completed tho survoys, as
authorized by congress, of tho Isthmuses of
Daricn and Tohuantepcc, and, under au
thority, has sent an expedition, completely
furnished and equipped, to explore, tho un
known ocean of tho north.
Tho suggestions of tho report as to tho
necessity for increasing and Improving tho
material of the navv. and tin- ulnn ri.pmn.
minded for reducing tho personnel of tho
service to a pcaco standard, by tho gradual
abolition of certain irndni nf nnirini dm
reduction of others, and tho employment
of somo In tho lervlco of the conirnnrolnl
marine, aro well considered, and descrvo
tho thoughtful attention of congress.
I also recommend that all promotions In
tho navy nbovo captain bo bv selection In
stead of hv senorll v. Thl nnnrtn mill an.
euro ill tho higiierg"radcsgrc.iterefliciency,
and hold out nn inccniivo to young of
flcers to improve themselves in tho know
ledge of their profession.
I he present cost of maintaining tho
navy, its cost compared with that of tho
preceding year, mid tho estimates for tbo
coming year, are contained in the accom
panying report of the hocretnrv of the
Tlie enlarged receipts of thu Post-office
Department, as shown by tho accompany
ing report of the Postmaster General, ex-
l.t. , . . !...,-. ... . . .. . '
muii u graiuymg increase in iiial branch
of the public service. It is the index of the
growth of education and thu prospcrty of
iiio peopic two elements nigniy conduc
tive to tho vigor and stability of the rc-
pumics. s itn n vast territory like ours,
much of it spar'ely populated," butull re
quiring tiic services of tho mall, if Is not
at present to be expected that this depart
ment can be made self-sustaining, but a
gradual approach to this end from year
to year is confidently relied on, nnd" tho
day is not far distant when tho l'ostofllco
Department of tho government will provo
u much general blessing to tho whole peo
plo than It Is now.
Tho suggestions of tiio Postmaster
General for improvements in the depart
ment presided over by him, aro earnestly
recommended to your special attention,
especially tho documents favorable to
tho consideration of tho plan for uniting
tho telegraph system of tho United States
with tho postal system. It is believed
that by such n course, tho cot of telegraph
ing would bo much reduced, und tho ser
vice as well, if not butter, rendered. It
would secure n further advantage by ex
tending tho telegraph through portions
of tho country whero privato enterprise
will not construct it. t'.immerci;, trade,
and above all, tho effort to bring :i peo
plo widely separated ir.to n community
of intcrcts aro nlways benefited by "n
rapid intercommunication. Education,
tho ground work of republican institu
tions, is encouraged by increasing tho fa-
news from all parts of tho country, und
the desiro to reap the benefit of such im
provement will utimultitu education,
I refer you to the report of tha Post
master General for full dutniU of thn
operations of last year, and for compara
tive statement ot the rcull witli former
There has been imposed upon thu exec
utive branch of tho government tho exe
cution of the net of congress approved
April 20th, 1871, und. commonly known
as the "ku-klux law." In u portion of
thu Stale of South Carolina the necessity
for tho course pursued will be demon
strated by tho report of tho committee to
investigate southern outrages. Under tho
provisions of thu nbovo act I issued u
proclamation, calling tho attention of thu
United States to the mine, und declaring
my reluctance to exercUo any of tliu ex
traordinary powers horcDy conferred up
on me, except in case of" imperative ne
cessity, but making known my purpose to
excrcuu such power whenever it should
becomo necessary to do so, for the purpose
of securing to all citizens of tlm United
States thu peaceful enjoyment of tho rights
guaranteed to them by thu cotixtitution
and tho laws.
After tho passage of this law Informa
tion was received from timu to lime that
a combination of tho chiiracter loferred to
In this lav existed and woro powerful in
many parts of tho southern states,
particularly in certain counties in
tho Stato of' South Carolina. Careful in
vestigation was made, and it was ascer
tained that In nino counties of tlnit stto
such combinations were active and power
ful, onibrucing a sufficient portion of tho
citizens to control the local authority, and
having, among otlior things, the object of
depriving the emancipated class of tho
substantial benefits of freedom, and of
preventing tho free political ucti.ii of thoso
citizens who did not syii.pjtizo with their
own views. Among their operation wero
frequent scourging and occasional assas
sination?, generally perpetrated at night
by disguised person, tho victims In al
most all cases being citizen of different
political sentiments from tlieir own, or
porsons who had shown a disposition to
claim equal rights with otlior citizen'.
Thousands of inoffensive and well dis
posed citlzons wero tho sufferers by this
lawless violence, whereupon, on thu 13th
of October, 1871, a proclamation was is
sued in tho terms of tho law, calling upon
tho members nf tho combination to dis
perse within live days, and todulivir to
tho marshal or military officers of tho
United States nil nrmi, ammunition, uni
forms, disguise, nnd otlior moans and im
plements used by them for carrying out
tlioir unlawful purposes, This warn
ing not hnving been heeded, on
tho 17th of Octobur another proclamation
was iisucd suspending thu privileges
of tho writ of hnbeas corpus in nino
COMPENSATION OF OFF1CAI.S.
Tho subject or compensation to tho
heads of bureaus und officials holding pos
itions of responsibility, und requiring abi.
ity und character to fill properly, Is ono to
which your attention is invited. Hut few
of tho officials receive a compensation
equal to tho respectable support ol'u fam
ily, while their duties nro mcli ns to in
volvo millions of Interest.
Ill privato life survicos demand compens
utlon equal to tho teryicu rendered. A
wiso economy would diotatu tho satim rulo
in tho government servlcu. I huvu not
given thu estimates for tho suppott of
tho government for tho onsuing yar,
iii.i vniiiruiir ii'tnici, s iui.il 111.
nor tho comparntlvo statement between
the expenditures for tho vear just pased
ami ti,o oll0 j,lst prccedi,, occauso ft)1
theso figures aro contained In tho nccom
panying reports, or in thoso presented dir
ectly to Congress. Theso estimates Ihnvo
More than. six yoars havo elapsed slnco
tho last hostllo gun was tired between tho
armies ithen arrayed against each other,
ono for tho porpotuatlon, the other for tho
destruction of tho union, it may well bo
considered whether it is not now tlmo
that tho disabilities imposed by tho four
teenth amendment should bo romoved.
That amendment does not excludo tho
ballot, but only requires tho disability to
hold offleo of certain classes. "Whon tho
purity of the ballot Is secured, msjoritos
aro sitro to oloct officers lellocting tho
views of tho majority. I do not seo tho
ndvuntagoor proprloty of excluding nun
from office merely who woro before tho re
bellion of standing and character sufficient
to bo elected to positions, requiring them
to Uko oath to support tho constitution,
nnd admitting to eligibility those cnter
tulnlng precisely tho same views, but of
lessstandini' In tholr community.
i may oo saiu mo lormor violated an
oath whilo tho latter did not. The latter
did not havo it In their power to do so. If
they had taken this oath it cannot bo
doubted they would havo broken it as did
the ferinsr class. It thcro aro any great
criminals, distinguished abovo nil others
for tho part they took in opposition to tho
government, they might, in tho judgment
of congress, bo cxcludod from such an
amnesty. This subject is submitted for
your careful consideration.
THE CONDITION OF THE SOUTHERN STATES
is unhappily not such as nil trim nntrinttn
i. i ..... - -.
citizens would llko to see. Social ostracism
for opinions suke, porional violence or
threats towards persons cntertnining po-
nntni iiuwi o)o!cu to inoso entertained
by tho majority of tho ofd citizens, pro
vent immigration, tho flow of much needed
luiHiiii inio iiiu states lately in rebellion .
It will ho u happy condition of tho
country when thu old citizens of these
states will take an interest In public affairs,
promulgatoideas honcsly entertained, vote
for men representing their views, nnd per
mit tho samo freedom of expression nnd
ballot in thoso cntcrtalng different polit
Under the provisions of tho act of con
gress approved February 21, 1871, a terri
torial government was organized in the
District of Columbia. Its results havo
thus far fully realized tho expectations of
its advocates. Under tho diroction of tho
tcritorial officers, n system of improve
ments lias been inaugurated, bv means of
which "Washincton is ranidlv necnmW n
city worthy of tho nation's capital, thecit
izens of tho District having voluntarily
taxed themselves ton largo amount for tho
purpose of contributing to tho advance
ment of tho StatO of government. T rniv.-
niend liberal appropriations on the part of
congrerss, in order that tho government
may hear its just slinro of tho e.peii!c. of
carrying out n judiclsus svslrm of Im
provements liy tho
THE (1REAT FIRE IN CHICAGO.
tho most importnnt of tho government
buildings in tliao city worn consumed.
Thoso burned had ulre.idv becomo inade
quato to tho wants of tho government in
inui growing city, aim, looking to tho near
future, weru totally inadequate.
(i riit'omoionij. ittrj.rv ". .... ,,iiru.
jiiiiiwiiu uu mauu immcuiatciy, lopurehaso
tho remainder of tho squa'ro on which
tho burned buildings stooj, provided it
can bo purchased nt u fair valuation, and
provided tho legislature of Illinois will pass
a law nuthorizing its condemnation for
government purposes ; and also an appro
priation of us much money nscan properly
bo expended toward tin erection of now
During this fiscal year tho number of
immigrants ignorant of our laws and hab
its, und coming into our country annually,
has becomo so great, and thu impositions
practiced upon them so numerous and
llagrant, that I suggest congressional action
for tlioir protection. It seems to mo a fair
subject of legislation by congress. 1 can
not now stato as fully as 1 desiro tho nature
of tho complaints by immigrants of tho
treatment they receive, but will endeavor
to do so during tho session of eongres,
particularly if tho subject should receive
It has beentheaim nf tho administration
to enforco honesty nnd efficiency In nil
public offices. Every public servant who
lias violated tho trust placed I.i him has
been proceeded against with all thu vigor
of thn law. If bad men havo so
curcd places it has bion tho fault
of tho system established by luw nnd cus
tom for mnklng appointments, or tho
fault of thoso who recommended for gov
ernment positions poroons not sufficiently
well-known to them personally, or who
givo letters endorsing tho character of
office-seekers without a proper sensu of tho
grave responsibility which such it coursu
devolves upon thorn.
A civil ervlce reform which can correct
this ubuso is much desired. In mercan
tile pursuit, tiio business man who gives
u letter of recommendation to a friend to
onnblu him to get crodlt from i strungur, is
regarded us morally responsible for tho in
tegrity of ills friend nnd his ability to
meet III obligation. A reformatory law
which would enforcu this principle against
all indoMois of persons for public "placo
would Insure great caution in making rec
ommendations. A salutary lesson has
been taught tho curuless mid tho dishonest
servant in the great number of prosecu
tions nnd convictions of tho Inst two
His gratifying to notice the fuvorablu
chaugo which is taking placo throughout
thu country in bringing to punishment
thoso who havo proved recreant to the
trusts confided to them, nnd inelovntingto
oflleu none but thoso who possess tho confl
donco of tho honest nnd virtuous who, it
will always bj found, comprlso thu ma
jority of thu community in which tboy
In my mosingu to congruss ono year
ago 1 urgently recommended n reform in
of tho country. In comformity
with that recommendation congress,
in tho ninth section of nn act mak
ing appropriation forsundry civil expenses
of tho government and for otlior pur
posos, approvod March 'J, 1871, gavo tho
necessary authority to tho Kxocutivo to
iiiaugunito civil service reform, and placed
upon him the rcsiioiidbility of doing so.
Under tho authority of said law I con
vened a board of gentlemen eminently
qualified for tho work to duvlso
rules und regulations to effect needed
reform, Tholr labors nro not yot com
pleted, but it is believed that they will
succocd iu dovMn.j a plan which can bo
BULLETIN BUILDING, YASHINGTOi-AV.
adopted to tho g. .at rc icf nf tho Exe
countics In that slate, and directions woro
given that, within tho counties so desig
nated, persons supposed, upon creditablo
Information, to bu members ol such un
lawful combinations should bo arrested bv
tho military forces of tho United States,
and delivered to tho marshal, to bo dealt
with nccorking to law. In two of said
counties. York and Spartansburg, many
nrrosts havo boon mado j nt tho last ac
count tho number of persons thus arrested
wero 108. Sovcral hundred whoso crimi
nality was ascertained to bo of nn Inferior
degreo wero released for tho prosont.
Theso have generally mndo confessions of
Great caution hns been oxcrclsod In
making lest nrrosts, nnd notwithstanding
tho largo number, it is believed that no
innocent porson is now in custody. Tho
prisoners will bo held for regular trial in
July, at tho tribunals cf tho United
As soon as itappenrcd that tho authori
ties of tho United States woro about to
tako vigorous measures to enforco tho law,
many persons nbsconded, nnd thcro Is good
grounds for supposing that nil such per
son! hnvo violated tho'law.
A full report of what has been dono un
der thw laW Wlll bo submitted to congress
by tho attorncy-genoral.
THE MORMON qUESTION.
In Utah thcro still remains n remnant
of barbarism repugnant to civilization and
decency nnd to tho laws of tho United
States. Territorial officers, however, havo
been found who aro willing to perform
tholr d.ity in n spirit of equity, and with a
duo sensu of sustaining tho majesty of tho
Neither polygamy nor nny other viola
tion of existing statutes will bo permitted
within the territory of thu United Stntes.
It is not with tho religion of tho solf-stylcd
saints that wo aro now denllng, but their
practices. Thoy will bo protected In their
worship of Hod, nccordlng to tho
dictates of their consciences,
but they will not bo nor-
mlttcd to violate tho laws under tho cloak
of religion. It muy bo advisable for con
gress to consider what fn tho execution
of the laws against polygamy Is to bo tho
status of plural wives and tlieir offspring.
Tho propriety of congress passing an en
abling act authorizing tho territorial leg
islature of Utah to legitimatize nil born
prior to a tlmo fixed in thn act, might bo
justified by its humnnltv to theso innocent
children. This is u suggestion only and
not n recommendation.
Tho policy pursued toward tho Indians
has resulted favorably, so far as can bo
judged from tho limited tlmo during which
It has been in operation. Through tho
exertions of tho various societies of Chris
tians to whom lias been entrusted tho exe
cution of tho policy, and tho board of cen
sus, authorized by tho law of April 10th,
18011, many tribes havo been induced to
ettlo on reservations, to cultivate, tho soil,
and perform productive labor of various
kinds, and to partially accept civilization.
They nro buing cared for in such u way,
it is Imped, us to induco thoso still pursu
ing tlieir old habits of lite to embrace tho
only opportunity which is left them to
avoid oxtuiminuiion. I recommend lib
eral appropriations to curry out tho In
dian peace policy not only becuuso it is
humane, chrWtianllkc nnd economical, but
becauso His right.
I recommend to your favorable con
sideration Atin tho JX'llt'J- f f-ft-.
territorial government to tiio Indians of
tho Indian territory west of Arkansas and
Missouri and south of Kansas. In
doing so every right guaranteed to them
should bo secured. Such a cutirso might
bo thu means of collecting most of tho
Indians now between tho Missouri and tha
Pacific, and south of tho Uritish possess
ions Into ono territory or ono state. The
secretary of tho interior has treated upon
this subject at length. And I recommend
to you his suggestions. I renew my rec
ommendation that the
bo rcgorded ns n hcritngo to our children,
to bo disposed of only us required for oc
cupation und to actual settlers. Thoso ul
rendy grunted hnvo been in gncnt dis
posed of in such a way into secure ac
cess to thu balanco by tho hardy settler
who may wish to avail himsolf of them,
out caution should ho exercised in attain
ing so desirablo an object. Educational
Interest may well bo served by tho grunt
of proceeds of tho salo of public hinds to
settlers. I do not wish to bo understood
as recommending in tho least degree n
curtailment of what is being dono Liy tho
genorul government for tho encourage
ment of education.
Tho re.ort of tbo secretary of tho inter
ior, submitted with this, will give you
. .. J collected and prepared for
iniuui'iiiiuii in regaru to tno census taken
during the year 1870; tho operations of
tho bureau of education for tho year; thu
patent office; tho pension office; tho land
office, and thu Indian bureau.
Tho report of thu Commissioner of Ag
riculture gjves tho operations of his de
partment for tho yeur. As ngriculturo is
tho ground work of our prosperity, too
much importance cannot bu attached to
the labors of this department. It is in
thu hands of an nblo head, with ublo as
sistants, nil zcnlotisly devoted to introduc
ing into tho agricultural productions of
tho nation all useful products adapted to
any ot tho various climates nnO sills of
our vast territory, und to giving all useful
Information a to tho mode of cultivation
of tho plants, cereals, and of otlior pro
ducts Adapted to particular localities.
(Juietly but surely tho agricultural bureau
In working n great national good, and if
liberally supported tbo niuro widely Its
Inllucnco will bo extended, und tho less
dependent we shall bu upon tho products
of foreign countries.
cilltivc, tho houds of departments nnd mem
bers of Congress, and which will rebound
to tho truo interest of tho public service.
At all events tho experiment shall have u
I hnvo thus hastily summed up thu op
erations of thu government duiing tho
last year, and made such suggestions ns
occur to mo to bo propurfor your consider
ation. I submit them with n confidence
that your combined action will bo wise,
itatoimanllku mid in tho best Interests of
tha wholo country.
Signed. U.'S. Glt.VNT, Presldont.
Executive Mansion, December 4, 1871.
THK TKIUMMI INSURANCE CO.,
't Vtifio iw
Hollcita all kinds ot risks.
UTtr Agent. Cairo, V,
II rctt RLSST
AT nARCI.ATs' IIRUO STORE.
Katun Htrrtr, Diilt.
MOCKING JJI1U) FOOD
tit iiibt roa ric wiTiiorr tuecm
r. i, m n o I. D ' I
G It APE f catawpa
orape ) FILLS
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Ato Ait or
Jin O It 'N .MEDICI.VEH
FRESH FROM FIRST HANDS,
Always In stock in Urge inrply, mil fur siU tjr
HI n r I n j Urns.
PEESH BLtJB XjIGIC
orHnloby llirf.'tn IIollIc orCnllott
fSfExTRA Fine Cologne;
tQTGENUiNK Imported Extracts;
JgyilAiR, Tooth and Nail Brushes
CQyiNDiA RunnEit Nursery Goo
PURE WHITE LEADJ
PURE FRENCH ZINC.
Ilcst jrmlci iu largo stock sml va
riety, tcry cheap;
Full Line of Colors,
OI AID IK oil;
Paint Urushas, I.uisfcl Oil,
Whitewash I ashoa Turptntln,
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ill KISCS I'D iTA.IDABO 41MUTIZS
It KA L, KSTA Ti; ACl EX T.
U. WINSTON & CO.,
REAL ESTATE AGENT
A UCTION ERS,
71 (second floor) OHIO LEVEE,
Jim and Sell Heai. Kstate,
FURNISH ABSTRACTS OF TITLE
A I profar Conveyance' of Kinds.
' COAL ! COAL! COAL 1
DU QUOIN AND MOUNT CARBON
Conuncrcial-ar., Foot of Eloventh-st.
All Caul carefully weljjlicJ at the yard on Fair
FULL WEIOHT WARRANTED.
Coll iltliTtrttl on llio shortest notice in an?
part (i I tho cUy, either by tbu halt too, too or car
Lent order at Iheofllco on Commerciabar. at
die foot of Elerenlli ilreet. norldl.Cm.
(JltOL'KKir.S AND IlUV UUOUN.
NOTIONS, BOOTS AND SHOES,
HATB AND CArs, XTC,
Has jmt received a heavy stnek nt DooU anil
bhoei, Hosiery anil Notions,
FOR SALE FOR CASH VERY CHKAP
IU alio his a fine stock of Family nrocerietot
CORNER BIXTH-ST. AND COMMEB
CIA L-A V.,
Mj h fouuil at Ree.l A Ituna'i from
war'l. Any work la Ilia
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nd a gsniral tlicksitlUilng buslMMMiti
uhr uiro c trial. sTlW.