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JOHN II. OBERLY, PUBLISHER.
CAIRO, ILLINOIS, SUNDAY, AUGUST 4, 1872.
Till: IH'I.I.F.'IN IS TIIK ONLY STCA.M
I()(K A.M .Kill ritlNTIMI OFFK'K
is sol'TIICItN II.I.INOH. i
THKIK RISK AND FA LI, IN TIIK
A IIISTOKY OF l'l'.K.SIDKNTIAL
CONTKST.S FKOM WW TO leH.
WHAT DKTKKMINKI) KACII
IOW TIIK I'KOPLF. CHANG F.D
AIIOI'T AND WHAT CIIANOF.I)
The New York Herald fiiriiishfs (
its reader with the following interest
iug data :
1700. tiieiiukt i'AIitv contest ion
Till: I'llESIOENCY AllA.MS VS. JEI'
The French revolution of ITfW ex
erted a powerful political influence in
the first organization of parties in the
I'uitcd States. From the high band
ed assumptions of the French lie
public uud ilk agent- and emissaries,
it was as lunch as Washington could
do to maintain relation- of peace with
it. Hut France bad rendered .such in
calculable services in the caii-i- id' our
independence, that a large body of the
American people sympathized with the
new republic in spite of its Jacobinical
jxce-'s. Tlni- sympathy lor France,
uiiiler .leffer-oii, we may .-ay, was the
foundation of the old I'fpiihlican party,
and opposition to the Jacobin and in
fidel exec-so- and idea (if the 1'ientdi
republic was a leading idea of the
Federal party in the contest of 17!Ki,
between John Adam-, representing the
Federal party, the party of Wahing
iugton, and Thomas Jellcr-mii, the
head of the Republican party.
As we have stated, under the consti
tution, as originally adopted, each party
ill the field voted for two candidates
for President, and the candidate reeei
ing the largest number of the electoral
votes of thu several Suite-, if a major
ity of all, was the President, and the
next highe-t, if a nnjority of all the
vote-, was the Vice-President. In thi
contest of Kilo tho Federalists support
ed John Adams and Thomas Piuckncy
as their candidates, and the Republic
cans concentrated their whole strength
on Jefferson. Their electoral vote w.n
much scattered on different candidates
for their second choice for President ;
but as the tight was really between ,
Adams anil Jefferson, their vote re
spectively will serve our prc-cut
Toi.il iiuini.rr nt ri.-n.iHi v..i
wn . . I."-
lf which a inajiirit) va .70,
.lerter-'HI lYci-Urd ... 1ST
A narrow escape for Adam-, notwith
standing the "upport he received from
Washington'.- administration. The re
sults wore the election of Adam- ns,
President and Jeflornu as Vice-President.
1H00 THE h ECO NH CONTEST BETWEEN
ADAMS ANII .lEf'EEIt.-ON.
Ill this contest the two Presidential
candidates of the Federalist were
Adams and Pinckney, and the two l!e
pithlican candidates were .lefferstin and
Aaron llnrr. The votesoftheeleetoral
colleges of the thirteen State- of the
1'iiiou at that time were:
Fur llnrr . 7:1
For Adams ."'
I'orl'incktie) . . .'i
For John .lay 1
There being a tie between Jefferson 1
and Hurr, the election was carried into
the Ilou-e of Representative' for a
decision as to which should be the
President and which the Vice-President.
There was a very exciting and
a somewhat alarming struggle in the
llou-e and outside, between the sup
porters of each of these men. We have
heard it said that ns it was oltarly the
wish of the Republican partv that Jef
ferson should be President, Ids zealou
friends bad organized in Washington
for a coup d'etat, in the event of the
election of Hurr; but on tho thirty
sixth ballot in the House, this danger,
it it existed, was avoided in the election
of Jefferson President. Hurr thereby
ISfll the ciianiie in Tin: oNsirir-
TIO.N JEITEUSON'-) SECONH ELECTION.
In (lie sefsion of Congress of 180!l,
to avoid the recurrence of ouch u Presi
dential difficulty and danger as that of
1800, between Jefferson and Hurr, reso
lutinns were passed embracing an
amendment of the Constitution, aban
doning the plan of voting for two
candidates for President, and providing
that each party in the contest shall
name its candidate for President and
its candidate for Vice-President, and
this amendment having been ratified
by three-fourihs of the.States in the in
terval, came into forco in the Presiden
tial election of 180-1.
In this contest the Hcpublican candi
dates were Jefferson for President, and
lleorgo Clinton, of Now York, forVico
President. The Federalists nominated
Charles C. Pinoknoy, of South Carolina,
for President, aud Unfits Kin;, of New
York, for Vico President. Tho elec
tion in theclcctoral colleges resulted as
For the Itcimlillcau ticket. . Itl'J
Fertile Federal ticket II
-Many thinirs under tho fust term of
Jefferson had contributed to his popu
larity and to strengthen his party, und
not tho least among thoso things was
his purchos (of tho vast territories
known then' is Louisiana from France,
under the First Napoleon, for the pal
try sum of81f,000,000 our tirstnnnex-ution.
Napoleon, etc., tho Federal party re. j but when we conic to .-in it thin over- cal revolt against slavery, the advance
TTJn. J i i ! r"cavy defeat ' whelming ascendancy will disappear. ' of the new Republican party into the
ol 1H0I. in the j residential election I He wai strong, tn a great extent, he-' foreground, the probation of the Detn
between James Madison, a Republican ! cause of the absurd divisions of the nn. ncrats a th tlnminint. narlv of the A
candidate, and I'jncknev. the Federal 1
candidate, the electoral
vote was time
I "or ritirkni'A
deorL'e Clinton (1 11 vn ! uuu .rlil, ,
i r i . i t- ' nurcn was tlius nominated as the lineal lc j-femoenmo iiuuiiiiniiuu 01 nucu-
Madison, elected V.ce President. .llcce,wir .0d Hickory'nd plcdg-1 ".an, who, as ''Pennsylvania',, favor
1812 m.mmmin'h second election, ed to follow in his footsteps. In this 'tc wa 'caved Pennsylvania in Octo
in tbi- yearotir foreign complications . election it will be seen that from the her, and thus saved the Presidential
brought about our second war with cmititnuMl division if'tlu .miw.yWmi, election in November. The electoral
with Kngland the war for "free trade
and sailors right. At first it operated
somewuai prejudicially to .liauisons
administration and his part, for the
Presidential election of this year showed
that the Federalists were gaining
strength. The electoral vide stood
Hi'lMllillrali ticket M.-oll-uti .
Federal ticket DeWItt Clinton. .
181(1 KlltST ELECTION OK .MONItOE.
The general success of our second
swwilh tins return of peace, greatly
strengthened the Hcpublican party,
while the opposition of the Federalists ,
tn this war greatly weakened them.
James Monroe, the Hcpublican candi
date for President in this content, aud
H. 1). Tompkins, of New York, Kepub-'
iican nominee lor ice .'resident, were
elected by 18.'! electoral votes, against
..I Tor Kiifu. King, the lederal candi-
date tor President, thee .14 votes being .
distributed amotiL' several candidate of
this party for Vice President.
l&litl JIONIIOE li hECONII ELECTION
"Tin: kha Hi' 0000 I EELIN0."
In this cnnte-t, the old Federal parly, ..ea WM .ingularlv disastrous to him-1 Democratic party on the slavery qttes
front is opposition u the war of 181'J 'self and partv. In following up the ,'on i second, by the nomination of
having died out disappeared. Monroe I State pet bank ilicy of Jackson, he ,wo Democratic Presidential tickets
was re-elected President by every elect-' Lrmirrfii nni.n the cotintrv hn fritrfiil Douglas heading the one on the west-
oral vote save one, ana Jompkins was
re-elected ice President by 218 votes
against It. It is from this point that
"a new departure in the organization
Hid machinery of our political parties
was taken , for in this contest the old
political party lines of division were
obliterated, and the American people
hccame"all Itepublicausaiidall Federal
ists.'' lS-'4 01 It IIIIST 1'KE.SIllENTIAL
In thi contest, the Federal party
having dis-olved and disappeared and
the Hepublicaii party having become
divided upon several favorites, we had
what is called a Presidential scrub race
that i-, a contest iu which each man
runs "upon hi- own hook."" The last
Cougre-ioiial Presidential nominating
caucus was held this year, and it was
iu favor of Crawford, but it was a sign
al failure. The Presidential candidate.-
iu this contest were Andrew Jack
sou, John Quiuey Adam, Wm. H.
Crawford and Henry Clay, and the
votesoftheeleetoral colleges were thus
divided among them :
For .luck-on !!i For Crawford. II
For Adam- St For Clay 37
The highest of these candidates hav
ing les than a inaioritv of the whole
vote, the election was thrown into the
Hou-e of Hepresentative, the choice
iu that body under the Constitution
being limited to the three highest of
the candidate.- from the Hleetoral Col
leges. The House iu tbe-e election-vote-
by State-, each State giving one
vote as the majority of its delegation
may decide. (In the first ballot in this
election Adams was elected, having re
ceived the votes of thirteen States'
against Jack-on seven and Crawford
four. Adam- thus became President.
But this result greatly incensed the
friend- of Jack-on, who claimed that his
popular and electoral vote, as the
head of the list, should have determin
ed the election in hi favor in the
House ; and when Adams made Clay
his Secretary of Stale, the Jacksoniau
cry of a bargain and sale iu the House
between Adam and Clay "the Puri
tan and the blackleg" was raised and
sounded through the laud againt the
"corrupt coalition." And from this
small beginning, under the flag of Jack
son aud the glory of his battle of New
Orleans, was ddvclnpod the late all
powerful and dictatorial Iemocratie
ISliS JACKSON AOAINST A HAMS.
From the agitation of the "corrupt
coalition" ofl824, the glory of New
Orleans, the alien and sedition laws of
the elJer Adams, and "retrenchment
and reform," against the cheapest of
our ndmiiii-tratioiK gl.'J.OOOJlOO a
year .lack-on, iu this contest, was
triumphantly elected, his electoral vote
being 178to 81! for Adams. Hut' it was
mainly his "gloriou victory of New
Orleans" that gave Jackson his great
success. Some of tho outrages of the
British on American soil, iu the war
of 1812, especially the burning of the
public buildings iu Washington, hud
revived an intense and deep anti-British
feeling among the people, aud a
strong desire to reward the heroic Jack- ,
sou for his effective chastisement of
I British insolence at New Orleans. I
was, therefore, ns the hero of New Ort
leans that Jackson became tho founder
and the idol of the Democratic party,
and it was iu this connection that the Sib
of January became, and was observ
ed for many years by tho Democratic
party, as an annual party festival.
18!12 JACKSON'S SECOND ELECTION
NTAV l'AHTV COMPLICATIONS,
, Tho gloss of Jackson as tho hero of
' New Orleans by the year 18!I2, had
i somewhat faded, through it was still
i fresh and attractive to tlui popular fancy,
, But a Prniilnt i-the hero of New Or-
leans" during his term had made him -
self i groator hero with his supporters
"i nis inuouiitnblo pluck against nn op-
t position Congress, his resolute will, his
decisive policy in turning his enemies
out of othee and putting his friends in,
and by his war upon tho United States
Bunk of that day, including particular-
ly, his trenchant veto of a hill to re-
1 charter that institution.
New party complications were de-
vcloped in this contest which ut this day
i appcarto hivitterly contemptible. 'The
lit w in rccupetoctnr.il vote .
I8:i(5 van hi'kkn'h election.
Martin Van Buren, as a Presidential
candidate, was the creation uud the
iiunliiM .. r 1 .. . . I f 1 t
.. . "
u lion several candidates Van Huren i
gained an easy
vietnrv. tlirnm.ti il !
irobable that there was in reality a ,
!... ..I'.l.n - . 1 1 ... I
inajurii in iiiu vjyiK iiimim:u iu iiiiu. p
The distribution of the electoral vote 1
of 18:t(l showH how the strnni-th of li '
igtn ot tue
opposition, as in ina'i. was
FrM,,rtin v,.n itur,.n. ii . i7.i
For w. il. Harrison, opposition. 7:i I
i','!!MlwTl!l',,F,,1l!n .. ., i
Fur Daniel ebsrr(Masichlisctts uje) H
Km w. i. Jl.i.ffiim (jviitlii.rollinoie) 11 f
Colonel ltichard.M. Johnson, of Ken-!
tuck v. with Van lliin.ii. wH run fur
Vice President as the regular Demo
cratic nominee ; but as the Colonel had
a negro wife iu Kentucky and a very
ugly neuro wench at that the Virginia
i)cmocr!y repudiated him. and so the
election of Vice President was carried
l0 tho Senate, where Johnson waschosen
j0hnon X votes. Franois (Irangcr,
of Vow York 10
1840 the o'iieat i-outica.. u'iiihi.-
' itiirni,' ndininUtmiinn nC Cur
fjnancja -revulsion and convulstinn of
ifi:J7; an.l iu the meantime the rage for
inflation and speculation and rapid for-
tunes which he had created resulted in
a list of public defaulters and embezzlers
which shocked the country and gave a
fearful significance to the general op
position war cry of "Anything for a
change.' The opposition united on
General Harrison. "Tippecanoe aud
Tvler, too," and "the union of the
Whig's for the sake of the Cnion," and '
they swept Van Buren's administration
away as by a whirlwind. The result in
the electoral vote wa
For Van Huron.
But the re-ults of this overwhelming
victory of the Whigs turned to ashes on
their lips from the defection of their
Vice President, Join Tyler, an unre
constructed Democrat, when by accident,
be became President.
15-44 THE LAST TRIAL AND THE FI
NAL DEFEAT OF HENKV CLAV.
In this contet Henry Clay, the "great
embodiment of the Whig party,' was
brought forward with sauguine hopes
that at length the opporunity had come ! LI carr'ed JJiwonn, and Bell carried
for rewarding him with the AVhite Kentucky, Tennessee and irginia
Hou?e for his great public and party - -V,1 thc others were wrried by Breckin
ervice?. But Harrison had died in the . r,llSc . 1 nus. by tne divisions of the
White House, and Tyler, in thus beeotn-1 'ppnon elements, Lincoln wa tri-
i..'' President, had turned atr.iinst Clay '
n.l il,.. Wl.;.. n.nv :itii hi l.ai.L- .
vot,. tl. Wlii.r ;,, nnnswiiniief. .
UM,; ;,, nni.s.f.iioi.n .
were weakened and demoralized. Next, I el,ec.'10" wa followed by the secession
the Democrats rejecting Van Bureu.set of the Sontherii rebel States, beginning
up Polk as their Presidential candidate . Hh South Carolina iu December. I860,
onthe annexation of Texas, a Southern bi',thc organisation of the rebel Con-i.ro-slaverv
movement, and upon this federate government in 1-ebruary, and
question, ('lay having written a letter to ' bm,bardme,Dt Sum,er ,n
Alabama, leaning to annexation, 15,000 APr,1 186l aQd then the war.
anti-slavery Whins of Western New I 16(54 tiik second election or
York deserted him for Birney, the , Lincoln.
abolition candidate, and their desertion The waragainst the rebelliouaSouth
of Clay elected Polk. The division of ' eru Confederacy being still iu full blast,
the electoral vote was : and Lincoln being reuomiuatcd as the
For I'olk and l).ill.i. . 170 1 champion of the war for the Union and
Fi CliiyioidFrelint;hii.v. n. los emancipation, and General McClellan
With the thirty-six electoral votes of,
New York sriven to Clay (and those
I o,000 abolition Whigs could have
given him tho State by 10,000 major
ity,') Ulav would have been President.
Ele had wiittcu one letter too many ; ,
and here we see this abolition party, for
the tirst time, wielding the balance of 1
power iu a Presidential election.
1848. the election or hen. tavlor. i
The annexation of Texas resulted iu 1
a wur with Mexico ; the war with i
Mnvtitn r.isultd iti innL-lnfr f..siirnl
Taylor "the hero of Buena Vista" I aSan- -he Southern reconstruction
an available military champion for tho I Policy of Congress four third Vice
Presidency. The Whigs adopted him. , 1 resident who, by the death of his
and his election was secured by a bolt i s,'Ienor, had becomo President, and had
of Martin Van Buren from the pro- l UP V"" "J?1.8" ""other term) and
slavery Democratic party to the Free ' lr0,n the political confusion thereby
Soil oranti-slavery party, and he was . created, (,en. Grant became a necessity
made their Presidential candidate. ' ,0 tho Ikpubheuii party iu 181.8. lie
The Presidential electoral vote lit this , wa accordingly nominated; and, in
contest was : order to beat him, the Democrats pro
nouncing against the reconstruction acts
For Ta) lor and flllmore . ' of Cougrcss nomiuuted Horatio Sey-
For t a-, ami Itiltli-r, iifKc'iilui'kv ... Vii . . , - , . J
,, ... .1 ' . r ., i mour on this platform, only to invite an
llcrc, with the transfer of the .10 , n. (,is!lsltr ' '
vniPM nt Atuv iirk tnrm Tuvlnr tn
Cass, thc result would have been lO'.l
for Cass and 127 for Taylor. It was
xr .i i- u - i-i .
Van Buren, as the breeSoil candidate,
who catricd off the Democratic balance
of power m New Wk and gave the
election iii luymr. iiius me
Abolitionists, as the third party, with
their balance of powor iu New York,
twice iu succession turned the scale of
thu Presidential election, aud they
were rapidly coming to the front, as
will soon appear.
18521111; election or riEitcE.
In favor of the slavery compromise
measures of 18.r0 of Henry Clay, there
was a greut popular reaction in 18f2 tor
tho sake of pence, (ieueral Scott, as
tho hero of tho "Halls of the Monte
yiiiiiiis." wms made the Whicr candi
. dute, but the Whig;s were getting mixed
up with riDoiiiiouisiu, aim
. . . i... . .i
distrusted. The election
therefore, resulted in giving Piorco
the electoral vote of nil the States iu
the Union, exceptini; Vermont and
Massachusetts in the North,
Kentucky and Tennessee in the South.
Hut there was another a ad a more
tremendous political reaction soon to
18iilJ TIIK ELECTION OF llUCIIANAN.
President Pierco ami the Democratic
the will of the pro-slavery wing of the
party .South. Somo hedging, however,
waH required to nave the Northern bal-
ii haa n(' nnnf an.l whiij vna no n t f ! vnl
i ' ... .. .... t.
vote oi mis conicsi was
For Kwnont'.nd li.jt.'.n. Ueiiljri.. ml
.4 I , I....! , '
rnr ruini'irc nnii iiiciuii, nimtr
N'ntMnj; or American . 8
Fremont carried all the Northern
icuivui ..nivu . .iifiiuviu
''-Ate" except California, New Jersey,
Pennsylvania, Indiana and Illinois;
JJuchanan all the fsouthern states ex-
cept Maryland, which was curried by
Fillmore." It waH Fillmore, however,
A,. . ,. , . .1 . '
ea4idate in the North, who
v;amed off the baUuce of power from
r rempnt and elected Buchanan. But
the American or Know-Nothing party
died from this contest, and its frag
ments divided between the Hcpublican
and Democratic parties, and for the
decisive struggle on African slavery in i
18(50 THE ELECTION 01' LINCOLN
TOE (JRKAT REBELLION.
This memorable and momentous
1 Presidential struggle was marked, first
1 by the collapse ot the Charleston torn
f' .1 If . n .1
veiition and the disruption of the
crn Democratic dogma of popular or
squatter sovereignty in the 'lern
tories, and Breckinridge heading the
other on the ultra pro-slavery dogma
of the right of theslaveholdcrs to settle
with their slaves in the Territories.
There was also an outside Conservative
or Union party. But against all these
divisions ol the pro-slavery and Com
promise elements of the country, there
was the new, compact and terrrible He
publican party, with its broad ensign
of"Iso further extensions of slavery."
The Presidential nominations of these
Hcpublican Ticket Lincoln and
Squatter Sovereignty Democratic
Douglas and Johnson, of Georgia.
Ultra Pro-Slavery Democratic
Breckinridge and Lane.
Independent Conservative Bell and
Iu the election, all the Northern or
free States were carried by Lincoln ex-,
cept -ew jersey, which was carried by
a fuion of the' Democratic factions.
Of the Southern or slave States, Doug
unpnniiy eiecteu winie against I he
comoiuea opposition popular vote ne
was in a minority ot m,ouu. inis
was in a minority ot u-wahiu.
having beeu nominated by the Nprth
ern Democracy on a platform declar
ing the war for the Union a failure, the,
Presidential contest of 1864 resulted in
this division of the States participating
in thc election :
For McClellan New Jersey, Dela
ware and Kentucky.
For Lincoln All the rest. And
Lincoln's majority on the popular vote
1808 election or cien. oiiant.
From the bolt of President Johnson
. . ..
riM. i .:.. .i i. i n
1 t J . e,ll,""H ,-u"lfc"
' . ..
i ror Grant and Ctillas'. SO
, For Sevmonr and Hlalr 213
Aud tho popular majority o Grant
1 wai m 000. And he carried twenty-
i uv Slfntna tifpniiiut Ai-lit
'three States Texas,
1 laoiaflinni i
not being reconstructed, took
uo part in this election. The tables of
this election, and of the State elections
of 1809, 1870, 1871 and 1872, so far,
suggest what Grant has lost nnd gain
ed, and the work required to defeat him
in these impending elections.
Bishop Merrill (Methodist) has ar
rived at St. Paul, his future residence.
Ex-Governor Trusteu Polk is
talked of for Legislative honors in St.
Adonis Ames, Senator from Miss
issinni. (where he docsu't have his
' H'"r9 wasJ,ed)i i patronizing u laundry
in Northfield, Minn.
Fred. Douglass said, in his speech
at Raleigh, that ho did not ask for so
cial, but civil equality,
Miss N, C. Stewart, of Gadsden,
Ala,, is a candidate for Congress on the
LEAP YEAR OCOnt
HENCE. 'rive and fifty vears.' said Souirc
Dockworth, meditatively. shnkiiii: the
ashes out of his pipe; 'fire nnd fifty
years. A man ain't likely to get mar
ried, I guess, when he has lived sat
isfied with a single lot all these year.'
'Stranger things than that have been
known to happen, Uncle Dockworth,'
said Ferdinand F.nnij, a irracele
college hoy of nineteen or thereabouts.
'.Not in these parts, opined the
'Well, but, Uncle, things arc so
different from what they used to be,'
persisted Ferdinand. 'You see, there .
has never before been a period when
Women's Kights were in the ascendant,
as they are now.'
'1 don't see as that affects my partic
ular case I ain't a woman.'
'Ah, but you don't enmptchend the ,
imminence or the danger,' said Ferdi
'Kb!' said the Smiire.
'W ith Miss Mathea Jenkvns liviiiL'
next door, and leap year at that !' said
ls1in...1 ...!unl.:A.. 1 ! . 1 .
Ferdinand, mischievously enjoying his
iciauvc s growing consternation
'But yon don't suppose '
i uon t suppose anything,' interrupt
ed Ferdinand. 'I only put the case
problematically, to convince you, sir,
that you cannot be too careful.
'Oh, pshaw !' said the Squire, nn
easily, drawing a huge pocket hand
kerchief across his brow. 'Vou can't
scare me with your college nonsense,
Ferdy. A man can't be married with-
i . . .. . it i .
out saying -i win no more n a woman.
But when he went to the village that
l'..J! 1 .1
afternoon, rerdmand noticed that he
took the way down Hollow Dam, a
good eighth of a mile out of the way, ,
rather tha u pass the encasements of
Miss Mathea Jenkyns' residence, which
stood next to his own on the high road.
'I have' made some impression on
him,' said Ferdinand to himelf, with a
sparkle of merry deviltry in hi eyes.
light that evening, enjoying the season
between daylicht and dark, technically
iic uijuirc was, suiing in me nrc-
known u liliiiilmsn'u .-I i
lucre sounuea a soil rap nt the door.
'Come in,' said the Squire, nnd a tall
form eutcrcd, clothed in sembre black,
with a bonnet of bombazine, trimmed
with huge jet buckle.
'Good evening to you, Miss Mathea,
said the Squire, a little tremulously, us
he recognized the garb of his neighbor.
'Ifn flint nnt nf'inlna lin 1.
through your pickets again ?
to gracious I ve a i?reat
mind to sell
'Tisn't that, thank
you kindly,' was
'Sit down, sit down ! Bios mo u-lmt
a cold you've got ; you're as hoarse a- a 1
... .. ... . .
'Ahem ! said Miss Jenkvns. 'This
Weather ia trying to wW Inng Hut
I called on business, Mr. Dockworth.'
'I knew it was the colt,' said that
'But it isn't the colt,' said Mis Jenk
yns. 'It's myself, Squire.'
'Oh I' said that gentleman.
'I have concluded,' went on his visit
or, 'to take advantage of the rights
accorded to the sex by the year, aud
and, in short, Squire, '
Mr, Dockworth moved his chair a
little back, but Miss Mathea anticipat
ed the movement by sinking theatric
ally on her knees before him.
'Joshua, will you be mine?' she mur
mured, with what might have been
either a sob or a hysteric laugh.
'I I'd rather not,' said the Squire,
Hitching lus chair a little iarther still
'Joshua ! would you break my heart?'
'I guess it ain't" so brittle as that,'
said thc Squiro, uneasily.
'I love you, Joshua Dockworth ; I
have loved you for ten years,' stammer-
eu tne lady, still on her knees, 'bay,
on ' My you will be
mine ! I in n good
cook, Joshua, I'm a master hand nt
men h shirts, and everybody knows that
a place without a woman is no place at
'I know,' said the Squire, 'but '
Miss Jenkyns rose to her feet and
threw her arms around the old muii's
'Joshua ! Joshua! you will say yes!'
1 here was a rattluiK at the door
tho room beyond. The Siuire crew
scarlet, as tho possibility of Ferdinand ,
breaking in upon their unexpected fete- i
a-tete occurred to his mind.
'Take your arms away, please !' said
the Squiro, nervously, 'there's ii dear
trirl !' i
-oi uuiii you socuk iiiu woru nun
V-. .!! t. .1.- 1 .1....
, 8eals my future bliss, replied .Miss
Jenkyns, letting the rusty bonnet droop
on his shoulder.'
'Quick !' gasped our hero, 'there's
some oiio comiug.'
'Say yes, then, dear Joshua.'
'Yes, gasped the Squire, breaking
... ; - ..." ...
, " caimmy perspiration. es, jes,
Miss Jenkyns only paused for a
parting pressuro of her lips to hernn-
cieut lovcr'.s brow, and hurried away
with a subdued rustlini: of drapery.
On other side of the door the threaten -
ing sound of foot stepspassed by with -
out anyone entering.
'Ihauk goodness tor that! said Mr.
Dockworth to himself, 'If that young
ruscul had come in just thenj what
would 1 have done ! bugaged myself to
inurrv that old maid ! 1. at tiftv-fivo
years of ugo I I'd better ao into a In -
until, imvliim utmim, Wluit will l'Vri li.
nand sav 1 I wonder or if 1 couldn't
aa to Chiua. or California
.. . . .... . i ..
la, or iiapau,
! places. Or,
or some of those fur away places
perhaps, it might be better to swear ner
over to keep the peace, or '
And Squire Dookworth smote his two
hands despairingly on the top of his
head as he. reflected on the futility of
any remedy short of matrimony for the
ailment of leap, year.
Yet, as he1 mused, -ho could not help
was very handy at n wedding or a funer
, al, and he felt that she was just the ele-;
luent needed to brighten up the old farm i
'It ain't a bad idea,' said the Souirc
J himself, 'hut I most wish she hadn't
been tho first to nronose it. Vnrv HL-n.
il i .1 in. Hw.n..i.t ..r II n 1
j """upiii. ui ii invseii, ii sue ,
had given me time. However, leap
......... .mi, iuiu i nun i supjiosc
we ought to blame the women for tak-
ing whatever advantage the law allows
them. I won't say anything to Fordy,
but I'll just drop over there in the
course of the morning.'
lie was a good n hi word. Mis
.Malhca Jenkyns' breakfast dishes hard
ly washed up when he came iu.
How pretty -he looked, like a full
mown rose, or a iianiia, or anv oilier
mature bloom, iu the neat black uiti'r-
ham dress and white apron she wore,
standing in front of the kitchen sink,
Not a gray hair in her abundant brown
tresses, nor a 'crow's foot' at the corners
01 tier eyes.
'Well, Mathea,' said the Sfjuire, a
'Well, Squire,' said Miss Jenkyns,
nonchalantly, as she wrung out" the .
(iisneiotn anu hung it on the corner of
'I've come to talk over that little
matter with you.'
'What little matter ?'
'Why, about our being married.'
Mis jenkyns paused, with the bib
apron half untied, nnd stared nt the old
gentleman with wondering blue eyes.
'.Sokes alive !''slio ejaculated,' who's
talking about our being married? No
body has asked mcyet. and if they did,
I'm not by any mean certain I hould
But you've asked me.
'Why you, haven't you?
'Joshua Dockworth) ate you crazy?
demanded Miss Jenkyn, with dignity,
'I asked you ?'
Yes, last night. Don't you re.
'Last night! Why, widow Pore
took tea here nnd spent the cveniue:
aud L never crossed my own threshold
-in "f iau it isn't likely that I would
Js over to your house to ask vou to
niarrv me. I cness.'
v.r . . ' . n
ell, thetij'said the poor old gentle
man, i'ts a trick of that rascal Ferdi
nand.' 'That's probable enough,' .-aid Miss
Jenkyns, who looked prettier than ever,
with reddened checks and shining eyes.
The Squire's countenance fell; he
was more disappointed than he cared
'Look here, Mathea, don't you
'Yes ' said Miss Jenkyns, laughing
and coloring, 'I do suppo-o, if you
wished it very much.'
'ell, I do, said he, 'and we will be
cvcu wltn ,bnt young rascal, Ferdinand
iim. .i.. 1, . ,
uen uie young collegian heard
that, his ckvee of iuhcritini; his rich
uncle s property were io.uu vi;...nis..
by tho marriage of that elderly relative,
ho was greatly dismayed.
'You are really going to be married,
Uncle?' he gasped.
Bcally and truly.'
'What on earth" put that into your
'Leap year, I think,1 said the Squire,
with a sober twinkle iu his eye which
revealed to Ferdinand that his uncle
had detected his trick.
UOW THE DANGKKOUS
N EVE It
How do you think you would like to
I live fearing every moment to be blown
up ; not daring to speak loud, to jar any
thing, for fear of starting an explosion
that would send you iu an in-tant lo the
other world r
You don't think it would be very
pleasant? Well, it isn t , yet hundreds
of men live iu just that stale, work,
receive pay, and live year after year in
the very sinht of death, as it were ; all
that the world may have gunpowder.
You can easily guess that those men
go about quietly and never lauuli.
You know that gunpowder is very
dangerous in a gun, or near a tire, but
perhaps you don't know; that it is
eoual v dauuerous all throimh the
, .j .l fiii.L'i.it. A ,11, t i !. Ill 1 1 1 1,1
, fearful place to visit, and strangers are
very seldom allowed to enter one. They
are built far from nny town, in the I
woods, and each branch of thu work is
done in a separate building. These .
houses are nuito a distance from each
other, so that if one blow,- up it
wouldn't blow up tho rest. Then the
lower parts of the building are made
very stroug, whilo tho roof- are very
lightly set on, so that if it 'explodes
only the roof will sutler. But, iu spite
1 of evorv care, sometimes a whole set-
. tlonient of tho powder mills will go off
' almost iu on instant, aud every vestige
of the toil of years will bo swept away
I iu a few seconds.
But, through you feel like holding
your breath to look at it, it is really a
verv interesuiiir unices- hi ncc. u is
I made, perhaps you know, ot chateoal,
, saltpetre and brimstone. Each of those
articles is prepared iu a house bv itself:
but the hous" where they are mixed is
i ... . ... ...... .... , in i dip
iiiu urst icriiuiu uuu. in im
is nu immense mill-stone rolling roudd
and round in an iron bed, uuu uuuer
tho stono nro nut tho three teariui
..... ..i Thorn thav
are thorouehlv mixed and around to
gether. This is u very daugorous
operation, because it tho stone comes in
contact with its iron bed it is verj apt
to strike lire, aud the met est suspicion
11 . - . .. ..... I...V.I.I.J
its terrible work alone. When it ha
run long enough, tho mill is stopped
and the men come back. This opera
tion le aves the nowiler in ii.inl liiimi
Tho next houe is where the cakes
ni broken inin .rr..iin -....) r nm,
is quiie as uangcrous as the lat one.
Hut the men can't go away from this :
. 1 t
nicy arc onngcii to attend to it every
moment, nnd von mav be sure no lau-Ii
or joke is ever heard within its walls.
. I i" ... . .. S!
l-.very one who goes in has to take off
his boots and put on rubbers, because
one grain id' the dangerous powder,
crushed by a boot, would explode the
tho whole in an intant.
The floor of this lion? is covered
W'ltll leather. I i unit,, nnrl'imllf
"lack by the dust of gunpowder. It
contnins'a set of selves, each one innllpr
than the last, through which the powder fere
is sifted, and an immense laboring mill, oft!
wbcro it i ground up, while men shovel nfra
it in with wooden shovels. Tho ma- and
chinery makes a great deal of noise but pr.
the men arc silent, as in the other
nouses. 'I he recklcs crashing of the
machinery even seems to give L'teater
horror, and one is very anxion to get
out 01 Mint house
The stoviiiir-hous'.' is the next on the
list, nnd there the gunpowder i heated
on wooden trays. It is very hot, and
no workmen stay there. From there it
goes to the paek"ing-houe, and il is put
up in barrels, keg and canisters.
Safely through all these houe, it
goes at last to the storehouse.
One feels like drawing a long breath
to sec the fearful stuff safely packed
away out of the hands of men, iu this
You've heard of things belugas dry
ns a powder hnii.-e, but you wouldn't
think tbi house very dry It i almost
imbedded in water. Tfie roof i one
big tank kept full of water. Did you
ever hear of a water-roof before?
Instead of steps to go in, there arc
shallow tanks of water, through which
every one must walk to the door.
In none of the.-c powder houses is
any light over allowed except Mtnliirlit.
The wages arc good, the day's work is
short, ending always at U or 4 o'clock
But the men have a serious look, that
makes one think every moment of thc
danger and glad to getaway.
Though curiosity 'may take a man
onct, to visit a powder-mill, he has no
desire to an the second time ; and he
feels all the rest of his life that for
once lie has been very near death.
SHKIJP AS WEK1) EXTKIIMI
NATOP.S. It may not be known to farmers in
general that it is a common practice iu
sonio parts of the country to turn sheep thiol
mm uiu pouuo nciu ior tne purpo.-e ot urani
. . . . i . . . . . ii . ,. . i
eating down weed
not touch thepotat
weeds. 1 lie sheep will when
o vines. Thispastur- Wl
ing with sheep is advantageous when
the crop is a late planted one, so that
cannot be completed until uttenl
)ing or iiiinu-iiiijj; .-c -
t lUu ''rowiii'' season it is thc l
the farmer's aim to keen down the crass
and weeds, so that they may be covered ' the f
by the cultivator and hoc when these prov
are used. Pasturing with sheep will
attain this object. Karly planted crops,
the cultivation of which is completed
iu the early part of the summer,
frequently become grassy and weedy
before the time of digging, when the
sie of the tops preclude cultivation.
In this stage thc sheep are economical
weedcrs. It is hardly necessary to
mention that thc feed thus given to the
sheep make a double profit, inasmuch
as it costs absolutely nothing, while
labor is saved and weeds prevented
from seeding. Working Farmer.
F.VAPO RATION OX TIIK FARM
It has been calculated Unit from an acre
of ground, durinij twulvo hours of a
summer day, niori; tlmn sixteen hundred
gallons of water Imvo !con drawn up Into
the air in the form of vapor. Dr. Dick.
Comparatively few farmers have any
ju-t appreciation of the amount of water
which daily passes otl from their lields
in hot weather. The above statement,
... i .... rIT..
may seem on extravagant one, aim yet
we suppnc it was obtained through thc
most careful experiments and cal
culations. Any one who is curious to uh-crvo
whether this statement is a reliable one
or not may very easily test the matter
for himself. Take a tine linen hand
kerchief, one foot square, and weigh it
accurately on tho druggist's scales.
Karly in the morning of ;i hot day set
four sticks into thu ground, just twelve
inches apart, and tack each corner of
.1 .,.., i. r . I 1. .
tMl, C10j(l t0 llll3 l0(, ol uuu 0i ino sucks
When drops have accumulated on tlit
under side of the
cloth, weijih acain,
deduct the weight of tho cloth, and the
weight of water will show tho amount
evaporated during the time the cloth
was suspended. Now multiply this by
Hl.fjdO the number of square feet loan
acre, tiuil the weight of a gallon of
water, and tho experiment is made.
Or, measure the amount obtained, and
multiply by tho number of feet in an
acre, which may be a more simple way
of coming at it.
Evaporation, wo siippoe, is
continually going on, even when the
temperature of tho air is below tho
freezing point ; but all farmers must
have noticed how rapidly it takes place
p0 j,r.IM jltt cut in a hot day. It is
,,, iiiiirwcu inai iiiu nuj-uuv huh
wc, ., m,od one because there has beciu to
;l breeze. And this is truts. jl"
Kvanoraliou fis far slower iu still nir
thau in current. If the air is still'nm
n soou oeeumes
tj0 js checked ;
moist, aud ovapora-
hut it huh current . Kr
0fdry ir succeeds another, evaporation "
, from the surface is verv rawid. m4
PRUNING TKKS FOB FUL'IT.
The proper prudiug of t-e i s sub
ject that ought to interest every horti
culturist, and tho proper Hme for prun
ing is of valuo, and although the
a in pi
whole. J no
w MTOIIKl L'lTO '