Newspaper Page Text
JOHN H. OBERLY, PUBLISUEH.
CAIRO, ILLINOIS, SUNDAY, AUGUST 11, J872.
CAIRO BULLETIN .
liooK AM) toil I'ltlNTINH oh'I'li'K
IN sol TIIKKX ILLINOIS,
ASKKTCII OF TIIK 1AVK OV Til K
Juan Neiipoiuicinn Cortina, general
in the army of the Mexican llcpublio,
is again upon the surface as a disturber
of the peace of the Ifio tirandc frontier.
Mis numerous acts of barbarity and
crime, since the year l&lli, have made
his name a terror to Americans living
upon the border of distracted Mexico.
'I he Attorney (leneral of the Tuiled
Slates has received presentment by
the Federal (iraud Jury for the Kastern
IHstriet of Texas, recounting the many
lawlcs acts of this plague upon human
ity during a series nf years, and calling
for the intercession of the Government
in behalf of its citizens. The following
is a unci sketch ol tins
1 i . t si .
hatred for all men who speak the
i. . .' ...
F.uglish language commenced with the
advance of Gen. Taylor and bis regulars
and rangers across the prairie.- between
Point Isabel and the l!io Grande'
( 'ortina was born in Mexico, on this
side of the Sierra Mudra mountain", and
before the investment of Tort llrown
took place, be entered the ranks of his
iovcriiincut in the capacity of guerilla,
spy a no assassin, ana partioi
and participated in
uic names oi raio . no, iteaea He la
I'aluia, Mueiia Vista and Monterey.
The first actof barbarity attributed to
him wastho murder of Colonel Truciiiau
Crois Cnitcd States Quartermaster-
.i. t ..i ....I .i. i .
general (the first life lo,l bv the army , ' m,cu 7au'? '"a""j c"pti -mbxi-of
observation.) Cross, when killed. '"'" !U", . r'M,l Aiiiunems of their
was cu route to visit a Gorman girl who
re-ided then, and for many year-before,
on a rauclie two miles above I'ort
llrown. The brother to this girl is
said to have been Cortiua's accomplice,
and the friendship of thec two men
remained unbroken as late as the
writer can recollect. Tho second crime
was the killing of Lieutenant Porter of these game fellows proposed to whip
and three men. As a spy, courier and fifteen hundred Mexicans, and the ad
assassin in the Mexican service, he vaucc guard actually reached
gained a reputation that clung to him his ritle pits, but owing
in the days of the tieace following that to some mismanagement they were coin-
war, making him as a man to he feared
He and his mother located on a
rauche eight miles above Mroivnville.
What wen; termed his peaceful days
were spent in gambling and cuok-figb't
ing in Ilruwnsville or Matamoras,
-for driving horses for buyers ai far into
Texas as Goliad, on the San Antonio
river. As a ranchero he had uo eijual,
and his skill with the lariat aiid pistol
were remarkable, and his hor-cmaii-hip
unexcelled by either Texan or Mexican.
Ho is about forty-five years or age,
live feet six inches in bight, and com
plexion swarthy; lithe active frame,
broad shoulders, piercing black eyes,
low furehc.nl, and hands and feet small
and neatly shaped.
The event that ushered him promi
nently before the people of the States
of Texas and Tamaulipa, anj raised
him to wealth and military and polit
ical power in Mexico, was precipitated
in tho year lS'i'.l by his love lor his
own race and his intense hatred for
One hot, sultry day, just such an one
as many be found in the month of.luly
or August near those arid plain's
enveloping the copper-colored water
of tho tortuous Itio Colorado that glitter
under the fierce rays of the sun like
burnished steel from saline crystalliza
tion, and border upon the delightful
viruimtc valley of the Great Itiver of
the Worth, Uortina was standing in the
doorway ofone of tho .Mexican gambling
houses of the main plaza in lirowus
ville. While there he witnessed the
shooting ofa Mexican by the city mar
shal, named Spears, a noted frontier
bully and bravado. Cortina advanced
L upon Snears. spoke to him. then delib- 1
..r.ifK- shnt him in tin. rn,.. Miiimtiiiir i
lus inir.e HQ roue irom 1110 city, six
wtinittnr in lintul lilililitiir ilntl-i nrn tt
Ainericatis. One half hour after this
bloody affair he crossed the river above
Mrowusville, and entered Matamoras.
The 'supposition was that ho would
remain there, or visit his old haunts
in tho vicinity of the Sierra Madra
niouuta ns. ut that us on was soon '
dispelled. Daybreak, one morning, '
found him iu front of the Mrowusville
l'lll tvitli t1iiitt iiiAiiiilml niul tiriiKiil
Jtll II till Ulll l I IIIIIIII1IVU MUM MVM lt 1IIVII
" ' -m w . . . ..
men. lie demanded the keys Irom the
jailer, Johnson (a Connecticut man,
who had been a volunteer in the army ,
. .... I
oi occupation;. Tho request was
refused, and tho jailer took refuge iu a
toro near by. On an attempt being
lUQtlC to For I'll tlimlnnr .Inltucr.i. uti.i.i.ml .
out among tho Mexicans, holding tho I
jau soy upon mo tore linger of lus left
nanu, ruiimrKiiig ; "i;oimi and take it I i
A Moxican stepped forward, extending
his hand to rccoiyo the koy, ' The brave
mid faithful jailer killed him mid
wounded two outers, but in turn
riddled with bullets and hacked with
Opening tho doors of the jail, Cor
tina liberated nil the prisoners (Mexi
cans and Americans) confined for every
grade of crime, putting arms into their
hands and enrolling them as membors
of his band. From the jail ho mid his
confederates proceeded to the old Cnited
States barracks, in search of a man
named Noil!, who had killed a Moxiciu
in the city of Matamoras ono year be
fore tho dato of these cveuts. Noil! was
found, driven from his house and pierced
with sabres iu the middle of the drill-
yoru. wnen tins mst tragedy was
iiitted. tho citizons were stir-1
and threatening Cortina's guards ,
,ex,",,J. "l'ros, from the ranches
M,1,UI'! ) 1 ,.' . Las Mores
"'id Santa Rosa, flocked to his ramp,
and hundreds from Mexico. To h
briol, he soon had over live hundred can side belonging to Americano, and
fighting men, all well armed the pent thousands of horses and cattle
citizens and authorities al .Mammons across into Mexico. At length ho
encouraging him with arms and reached Riod'rando City, having rccciv
munitions of war. Mrowusville became ed many recruits at Koyiwui, where the
thoroughly alarmed, and all the Anieri- authorities hailed him as a rising mili
cans and loyal Mexicans enrolled them- lary genius. Plundering a few Mores,
selves in companies, built barricaded, 1 he notified the citizens that he would
mounted camion, and stretched chains burn the town the next day. Hut he
and ropes across the streets and alleys. ' was doomed to disappointment. His
.'"""K all this time t ortina was not
1 w"., '""'ding earthworks
, ,uWin'n r,,lu l",H a'"1 uttiiig the
uuinu cnyimrui, ms scouting parties
would ride within ritle shot of the
barricade ol the Americans, keeping
up a sound and fury that was in keep,
ing with the Mexican character. A
plan of attack was arranged by the
Ilrownsville forces, and one morning,
in company with an artillery and in
fantry force sent over by the Com.
iiuiHiliiHi,- at Mammons, they marched
from the city to give battle to Cortina,
lie was prepared to receive them. At
the first lire the treacherous Matamoras
Mexicans fled, throwing down their
arl""' !"'d leaving their piece ol artillery
in it... l.n..iu .,)' '..:... mm.:., i...
in the hands ol ortina. This he
turned with effect upon the Americans,
compelling them to retreat with Ins.
As they slowly retired they threw their
small piece of artillery into the Itio
Grande. This Cortina recovered.
i.i . .. . . . . .
".l,lc" 1,1 connection with the .Mexican
l,.lw;ua,,a their small arms and amuni-
P ,at;L'.(1 ''I'" "" u f,ru! w,a,r !'w)l'"vn-
"' m., bbihuu mi, rantis
to over fifteen hundred men. infantrv.
artillery and cavalry. With thin force
he sent out scouting parties as far as the
forks of the road leading to Manqiictte
and Corpus Chriti, where he seized the
IT.-..,... ., ' .....
run.-... uAui i-eeaine aiarincii, aou a
company of one hundred rangers, under
Mill Tobin, marched from San Antonio
to the relief of Mrowniville, which place
they reached without encountering any
of Cortina men.
Again the Americans marched out to
give the enemy battle. Three hundred
".'lied to fallback. These successes of
this desperate outlaw soon attracted the
attention of the Federal and State Gov
erniiients. Another company from tho
vicinity of San Antonio, under the
comiiikud of old Pete Touieliiisoii, and
one from Victoria, on the (iuadaloujie,
under the command of Jim Hamilton,
were soon en route for the scene of dis
turbance. 'ortina attempted to in
tercept these two companies, but a
Mexican guide, named Olinos, rode
secretly into Ilrownsville and returned
with information as
should take, at the same time stating
that an escort of fifty men under Lieu
tenant Littleton, of Tobin's company,
would meet them at a designated point.
The two companies reached the city in
safety amid the cheers of the inhabi
tants. Xot so Littleton. Leaving the
appointed place of meeting be ventured
over the Palo Alto battle ground, chas
ing a decoy Mexican, who" led him and
his fifty men into an ambush of two
hundred Mexicans. Nothing daunted,
he dismounted his men and entered the
t hiipiuimt, and was met with a round
of grape and canister and a volley from
small arms. Littleton was severely
wounded, four of his men killed nut
right, and fifteen wounded. They
charged the cannon, were driven back,
mounted their horses and rode from the
it t it. .
scene ot tne ngnt without being pur
sued. The four dead were left ou the
fit 111 mill lliitif miitiluiii.l Itit.lt, lm....
to trees, food for the vultures. In the '."ough the rhtipjmral and cactus upon
fight Cortina lost forty men in killed ssllt xtronghold, when be, chain
and wounded. More reinforcements of t'Ieo";lll;('' changed his political faith
asubstautialcharacterarrivedatMrown. "'jd declared in favor of the French,
ville, including Cnited States cavalry i 1 hti-v cu1'1 ""t "PPreeiuto this sudden
infantry and artillery, under command
of Major Heiiitzelnian. Cantains Stone, i
ni.-iii niul l!ielt..ts l'rnm.r..in..u ..nr.. .
again made for an
commenced at twelve o'clock, with a I
column of four hundred men, regulars
and rangers. Atday.breaktheadvai.ee 1
guard entered his carth-work barricade
without ineetingany opposition, he hay-1
ing evacuated and taken a position one
- .... I..W,. III1.1IL
mile north iu a dense r mtmm;, . lie
mile north iu a dense ehmwuml. He
was followed, when an artillery duel I
ensued. Lieutenant Langdon handled !
the two fweuty.futir pound howitzers !
111 lu'fk U'illlt irnlll Imiinil 1iii
ow ll MIVII1J IWIII IMMIUU IIWI1 iif.vin I
.l . T m . . . . ..
with good etteet, but the Mexicans could
not bo driven from their position nor
their guns silanced (ono of Cortina's
ft . . ....
gnus and about two hundred of his men .
being ou a scout.) Stonenian, with 1
itnvul .trial i ml rv 1
innL'.i ii nlinirrn !.,, ir.,:,.,'i..,.,.. ..i.i
not permit it, as the road was narrow
and the chapnuriil dense on both sides,
besides the .Mexicans had norrow path
ways cut in a parallel lino with the road,
for the use of the sharpshooters. It
was a finely laid scheme of thio frontier
led by the old
I. iiti.,.vi, w w ... ..".. , ...w.
.. - 1 ' ...1 .1 1. .1.-
riiiuriii I'.tm 'I mitlinuiiii IIiaii
voiiimouccu ail auvaueu iiiruogii uiu
ehupjmrat on bothsidesof tho road, the
regulars following slowly in the rear to
guard against a flank movement. Tho
work was short. Tho Mexicans were
driven from their position into broader
roads, but mado their escape with the
guu. In the midst of this bush tight
another company of eighty men com
matided by the famous ranger, John
Ford, arrived. Hearing tho sound of
cannon as they ncared the Palo Alto
battlo ground, Ford and his rangers
traversed a near route- to tho scene of
action, and thus escaped tho detached
two hundred Mexicans Iving in ambush. I
The rangers and regulars returned to
- lake that place, then Rcynosa.ai.d final.
in favor of the elmreli party. On his
route up the Kio Grande, he laid in
waste hcnntirnl rm.nl,,,. ii. a ....:
enemies were upon his track, and at sun
down on the evening when he made
this threat they had bivouacked eight-
een mile Irom Itio t irando City. Cor
tina'H scouts were in k!..IiL mi tint Mori.
cau fide. They rode that night to
Comargo, opposite Itio Grande City,
and dispatched to Cortina the state of
affairs. When ho received this news
he estimated that the American forces
would not reach Kio Grande City the
next day, and, therefore, be issued
orders for the plundering and destruct
ion of the town at sunrise. At nine
o'clock that night the Americans were
on ino inarcn, aim neioro day were in
1 sight of their picket fires, and before
sunne Cortina and hi band were sur
...:.,.! .....i ......i ...i . ..e.i
prised and routed, at least sixty of them
being driven into the river at that point
and killed orilrowncd. Notwithstand
ing this surprise, he fought in a dem
oralized condition on the road to Roma,
over ravines and through the stunted
. . ... .. rj :
undergrowth, defending bravely his two
pieces ol artillery. At length a charge
J" ",adc ,,iH fcM",s were captured, and
ms men scauereu evcrywnere turniign
out ine cactus ami rituppnnti. .Many
were overtaken and shot. Pancha
' Dillon, whom he styled his chief of ar
tillery, and who was the last to leave the
guns, rode his mule into a ravine and
was there shot by a nnger named
Taylor, Cortina had made the peril
ous crossing just before hint. Not
many Americans were killed in this en
gagement, as it w as a successful surprise.
If Cortina had been on the alert theeoii
test would have been fierce and bloody,
and the result doubtful. With a frag
ment of his command he crossed the
I'io (iraude and again commenced
operations by firing upon the supply
boat Grampus. The rangers crossed
over and again put him to route, kill
tnr and wounding about fifteen Mexi
cans, and losing one man killed nam
ed Woodward who fell on the Ameri
can sideatthe first fire from Corrina's
men. The fight at Rio Grande City
took place on the eve of Christmas.
18.V.I; so Cortina held his position ou
American soil for over five months, in
defiance of the forces sent against him.
The fight on the Mexican soil caused a
marked sensation in Mexico. The
rangers, in large force, crossed the Kio
(i nude and entered Itoyuosa, and made
a demand upon the authorities for a
number of Cortina's men. The affair
to what route they )vas a ?J liXci i' ,'e?..:'1 '"'SB" arm
same time stating ''' at .',he o( JR-ultie- Other-
wise, ine .uexican otates along the
frontier would have been occupied by
Cnited States troops. Cortina con
sidered himself defeated, and retired to
a ranche, where he lived in elegant
style upon his stolen wealth. His tame
as a successful fighter was heralded
throughout Mexico, and Mexicau papers
were filled w ith his exploits. Hut he
could not long remain quiet. The coin
ing of the French was the moment for
him to gain a national reputation ou the
soil of his nativity. Rallying around
him his old companies in arms and
theft, he declared in opposition to the
French invaders, and by a master stroke
placed himself in the gubernatorial
chair of the State of Tamaulipas.
Questioners to his right of this bold as- (
sumption of power he shot. His o.v
though glorious, was
brief, trench bayonets gleamed
conycr)i, to their cause, nor would
mvrii,miii:uu nun .is u iiiiiii.iry
, ......... ........
J.1SKUS,',J Ul"l again changed to his ori-
genius oi any talent, tortnia became
I muni milium. i.,l ... .., ,,...,......1 1.!
iiiMiiiuii iiiiu eouiiueuccii ills iej.
... . I ,
D 1 .
1 """" "anare piuiiuering
Rtca,uoa'S ofi foragers, and
n" iurdering travelers.
'"ding his position untenable, he
olec'uda chosen few-and returned to
",e A"P"cw 'j'e of the Rio Grande,
uiuiho Kivie ot wanaro-
? " i asoes aim rum
Mrowusville to Itiofirando'ity,
a1nil1'.,,crc leacofully encamped inside
l,,U!S.01 the I nited States forces,
'1 "" J asoes aim rum
thill! Il'niilll tl'Olt (nliiul ili.i 1 Ini.r.i.lii.
at.c. without question or opposition. ,
,KU na wun "e ",a!! "C'd places ot
llll'AW III lni.iii, Ainl .ii.nll.i,l lliA l.ii
'" 'e iaw ,
ab!d".'K " of lexas by riding
with impunity through the streets ofits
border towns, in eveiv ono of which he
ad committed crimes agaiust the civil
law, and defied tho whole government of
the Cnited States.
John 1vmf.ua i.ii.
THE TA1NTER AND THE
Maron James do llothsohild was anx
ious to be put ou canvas by Vernet.
A picture of Vernet's ho reflected, was
an investment, as woll us a joy forever.
It might some years hence fetch a
very high price, and was, thereforo,
worth securing, oven at a small
sacrifice. Vernet, however, he know,
was not a man to make two pricos, mid
his only chance was oloverly to cajole
'"to naming u low figure tho "first
n"JL' Vernet ut once saw tho gamo
Vcrnet, would you ruin mo? I can't
give that sum (or a mere portrait."
Vernct shrugged his shoulders.
"That is just as you please: there is
no necessity to put yourself to the
expense, and it seems to be a very j
foolish way of spending your money,
but that is not my affair. I wish you
Mole Baron stood bewildered ; he
wanted the portrait, but he could not
make up his mind to part with so great
a sum ; lie went home a sadder, but not,
perhaps, a wiser man. lie resolved to
shake off all thought of this extrava-
gant indulgence; but it would come
back upon him : have it he must, and
in less than a week he was in the
"Well, M. Vernet," he began, "have
you thought over thu matter we were
talking about the other day?"
"No, upon my word, I haven't in
deed," said (he painter without suspend
' ing his occupation ; " I have loeu very
busy, and as it was a settled matter
when you left, there was no object of
thinking of it again. We have had a
pleasant change iu thu weather, M. le
Maron, since I saw you," added he, after
l'othchild could scarcely conceal
bis vexation, and felt more desirous
than ever to possess the object of his
"Now, M. Vernet, I am still open to
arrange for that picture, anil I come to
day to offer 2000 francs for it ; but
mind, not one centime more. When
shall I give you the first sitting?"
"Oh, my dear sir, don't mention it
again, pray. I had the honor to name
to you my conditions. You must be
good enough to accept them as final.
G'ood morning, M. It.," and he polite-
ly conducted his visitor to the door, 1
palet in baud.
"( onfound the fellow s impudence, with a portion of the old wood ndher
exclaimed the disappointed millionaire, ( ing to it; mo-t of this should be pick
finding himself alone ou the lauding. , cdout, but little at the back of the bud
'Why, hang him, he's as obstinate as , is eseutial to life ; if you make a bole
a mule. 1 shan't manage him after all." through its bark throw it away, it will
And he went away puzzled and niorti- not grow.
ied. , Now, with the thin edge ofa tooth-
Another and another haggling inter- bruh handle, turn back the bark on
view took place, but always with the each side of tlie straight cut. and insert
same niggardly policy on the part of
,1... ...!. i... " i :...i:r. I
the banker, and the same cool iudiffer-
ence ou the part of the painter. A long iu the turned-back bark ; on this close
interval of hesitation followed, when I contact of the two barks will depend
Maron It., having screwed himself up the success of your operation,
to the required pitch, and resolved to Lay the turned-back bark clo-ely
have his portrait, even at the startling over the bud, or shield, and with wool
sum demanded, again presented him-1 en yarn, or a bit of bass-wood, bind it
self iu the paiutiug room
l'M. Vernet?" he exclaimed, you
have gained your point; I give in
Tvnnt Inf. ,it t.nnr nu'n t.rif.o I"
...v. ... ....... ..... . .......
'Again ! What do you mean ?"
"Why, I have painted your portrait,
ever so long ago; all the time you were
sitting huxtering there, 1 was taking
your portrait, and as you are so poor, 1
will make you the compliment of it :
you are painted without any charge."
"Generous man!" exclaimed the
modern Shylock ; "I accept ; where
is the magic canvass that 1 may admire
"Vim will find it in the Prise de la
Smala, now at Versailles ; it has just
been removed from my studio into its
Rothschild hastened to Versailles; he
rushed into the midst oi the admiring
crowd congregated before the prodiic.
tiou of the great artist ; he searched the
surface with nalnitatiui? heart : hut im.
I I n .
ni'inn Ins ilisoei V : in nm curlier at lln Cd
grand picture he saw liimsclt represented
iu the figure ofa Jew running away
with a casket ! He hurried back to Paris,
and after reproaching Vernet with the timber in many miles they do not rani
severity of his pleasantry begged him, ,)lc l'rnm t,,u premises. The timber is
ou any terms to paint it out.
"I consent,'' said Vernet, "but on
this condition. I asked you 10,000
francs to paint your portrait, and you
could well afford to give it me; but you
bargained with genius, though you
expected and would havo received its
unlimited exertions; I now demand
20,000 franco to efface it, and, if you
refuse, it remains there as a reminis
cence of this little joke."
Vernet was inexorable. I'othschild
could never bring himself to draw up
so large a check, even to undraw such
a picture, and he went out of the world
leaving behind him the equivocal me
Cuttings of Roses. Roses are pro
pagated chiefly by cuttings, layers and
buds. Cuttings of the hardy kind of
roses will striko easily iu July niul
August. Hybrid Perpetual, Chinese
and Mourbon, with all the other kinds
will grow steadily, if the cutting has
what gardeners term a heel ; this is, cut
off close to tho old wood. Three, four
or even six eyes can be led above
Plant them as has boon recommend
ed elsewhere, in wet sand. A dozen
cuttings can besot an inch apart, eloso
to tho pot; and the sand should not be
allowed to dry at all. If covered with
a "cloche," or hand-glass, a moist
temperature will be kept up, and iu two
or three weeks, they will commence to
Layering Roses, Roses grown as
dwarfs or bushes are the kind that will
layer advantageously, Loosen tho soil
about the plant, then choose u good
shoot ; trip oft n few leaves from six
inches to two feet from tho point of tho
snoot ; uiseri u siiarp nuuu just ueuiiiu , bull, got by r iltooiitli IMKO oi Airurie,
an eyo, on the uppor sido of tho shoot, lias tho promise of being a tine Short
utid pass it carefully upwards, cutting lioru by and by. A lot of eight hoifers,
about half through tho stem, and from eight to ton months old, wore very
mi inch to two inches iu length. Open creditable to Mr. Wentworth's breed-
tho soil, head down the shoot and press
f . -A . ..I I - ,1 I
iii it; peg u down witii a uair pin or n
' take away. Cut them off within two
inches of the root, and transplant them
wherever they are desired. In the
spring prune the stem down to three or
four eyes, and they will bloom finely.
The Chinese method of layering is
often more successful than any other.
At the end of .Inly or beginning of
, august, iney select a strong snoot oi
1 the same year's growth, tongue it, as
I described above, and put in it a small
' stone to keep the split open, and bind a
' tiaudtull ol lresh green moss around
I the tongue. 'I Ins must be kept eon-
stantly wet, and the tiny roots will
' shoot forth into the moss so rapidly.
that in live or six weeks the layer can
be removed from the parent stalk". The
roots can be planted without disturbing
the moss, ami fine plants arc thus pro
cured. nrpiuNd iiohks.
Mudding roses is a very simple pro
cess, and an old razor can do duty for
a budding knife, and the handle of an
i old toothbrush ifscraped down smooth,
Mill answer lor a wedge.
The latter part of June to the mid
dle of August, is the best season for
budding; or. when the bark of the
stalk can be easily raised from the wood,
this is a sure sign that one can bud with
Take a smooth part of the stem at
the height you desire, and on the side
least exposed to the sun; with the razor
make a horizontal cut across the bark
through to the wood, but not into it;
from the centre of this across-cut make
one straight down the stein, an inch or
more in length ; these two cuts should
be in a form ofa T,
Now prepare the bud, or shield, as it
is termed. Slice it off from the roe
you desire to bud from at one cut, and
the shoot must be cut off close to the
main stalk; then
i iiu I'liu is SI1UUU Wll
1....1 :.. ..or
the bud close to the wood, anil fit it in
.. .. .i i ... .i... ...
accurately and firmly to the cross-cut
, down, leaving the point ot the bud
Common adhesive plaster is said to
be better for this purpose than either
yarn or bass. A handful of damp moss
should be tied around the whole, lcav-
ing the tiny point of the bud exposed
to the air.
In six weeks at the farthest these ties
can be removed. Journal of tin- Farm.
J 0 II N WENT WO 1 IT 1 1 S FA MM.
John R. Page, of New York, the
celebrated cattle artist, has recently
paid a visit to the Summit farm, and
thus describes it in The Country (lenlk
Mr. Wentworth's farm, a few miles
out from Chicago, has grown to be al
most 4,000 acres in extent. .Much of it
was torinerly a low prairie, now drain- (
ed by the deepening of the Illinois
canal, that turns the waters of Chicago
river from their natural courso, toward
Lake Michigan, the other way, into the 1
Illinois. Near the centre of the estate
the surface rises to a ridge partly wood-
with oak, and hi these pleasant
groves we find great tlocks of wild tur-.
keys, hundreds iu number, the old birds
unpinioucd, and as this is the only
iiso the Home ol the herd ot hu to k
swine, a specialty with the owner, who
has bred them for many years, with a
definite standard of excellence iu view
neatness, reasonable size, constitution
and plenty of hair and all these points
are found iu each individual of the
herd, numbering at least 100 ; and a
better or more uniformly good lot of
swino we never saw iu one breeding lot.
All the fields and buildings aru ou the
samo large scale of the estate 100
acres of corn. here, 10(1 acres of oats
yonder, and iu a 1 00 acre meadow, seed
ed last year. The apple orchard ou the
sandy ridge, set 20 years ago by Mr.
W., is now iu full bearing, and from its
nearness to so good a market as Chicago
affords a largo income to the owner.
The new bam is vast, we don't re
member tho feet or rods of length and
width, but the barn floor is so wide
and long, that iu a catching time 12
loads of hay can stand there at once,
ready for thoirturnwith the horse forks ;
ou ono side of the great barn is a row of
stanchions for the stock, partitioned off
every Hi feet, so as to bo readily turned
into box stalls incase of need. Cndor
neath are the cellars and sheds, all
built and flagged with bamuicr-dresscd
Another specialty with .Mr. W., is
his wild geese, of which he has a largo
flock. And here we find thcjlockof
Ihini'iiiijiie hem no othor sort allowed
ou the premies, and a good sort they
One can readily sec the effects of tho
new barn and careful stabling in the
herd of Short-horns, whioh are looking
iu better condition thau previously ; for
although hay and corn havo always been
abundant ut Summit, yet open yards I
. i ii.. i.. . .' .h'i i I
mm biiuub nanny uo justice to weii-ureu
stock. Mr. W. showed us several nice
young bulls. Two. the get ol his
Prince of Athulstann Hired bv Hon. 1.
Christie,) were very neat. Ono young
ing, and not excelled iu beauty by any '
similar lot we over saw. Of these, eight,
Summit, we saw the commencement of
an artesian well, which Mr. U.ntu-nrt1,
has contracted for. lo be tint down '1.
000 feet, probably. One we
in operation in the neighbor
pouring out a four-inch sti
well wo saw
pouring out a Imir.iiinli ,.,.,,., :.i.
sufficient head (7." feet) to turn a mill
if applied thereto. Should this well at
ouminit succeed, it w nut. nnW
supply of water at all times, hutr-wi ilu.. '
be readily turned to account as a motive
power for grinding and other uses on
.Mr. I'age had not time to visit Mr.
Wentworth's herd of Lincoln and South
Down sheep; nor his Aldemcy and
Devon cattle, nor his horses; but all in-
lnri.uln.t ti fit., .,,..,. l.. C ..I. 1 1
si:n,i .inn uei .nr. it . s I .t rill circular.
Mr U'.,u ..M, ...tt t.. :...i .
at cheaper rates than any other breeder
;., ilw. ' J
I'ltOSP C S OF THK CORN
It is generally conceded that the
coming August will bring us one of the
best corn crops ever known. Reports
from the West and Southwest are in the
highest degree encouraging, while the
eastern portions of the Middle states. .
.inn especially nit! districts centering in
Philadelphia, have experienced the best
possible conditions of success. The
long-continued heat, so annoying to
animal nature, just suits the nature of
corn, especially when accompanied by
tho regular showers we have had of
i .. -II.- .i I. . . .
. . II
Generally the com crop iu tho Hast i
is not a matter or supreme concern, as
it is usually raised so cheaply in the
West that it is not regarded as one of 1
the most profitable articles to grow. '
Mut this year additional interest at-!
mohes to it from the failure of the hay I
prnn 'I' i.i n I. a, .if ,,.,.1 o. ...... i
. .... ...'o.i.w ... iu... .mi. nil, , i
(lurim? (lie winter l.-.fl lm ..mi-I. ultlinnl
its iisnnl Kiimi-iniilstnr.. m.,1 il.is fi.i.
lowed hv -. i?im. vnrii... iiiii.mii' n... I
growth ul the gras materially
. V " -"J 'l Ol J...V.. ...v.
most of the barns within fifty miles of
Philadelphia, and from which she draws
most of her supplies, there is generally
at hay time enough on baud to last
ueariy a year aneaii. imt this season
'he new bay was taken to nearly empty
1..,,,,.. MM,:.,:., .i.i.i.. .1. ... i !...:.
barns. This is probably the condition
of things in most of our eastern states.
Hay will, therefore, be likely to hold
its present high price until the crop of
1871! is secured, and corn fodder pro
portionately increase iu value.
There has, indeed, been a steady ap
preciation in com fodder for some years.
M.'llll' Vii'irc urn It tl'iit mi ,...! t ,.t
value, hut for a long time past it has I ".'f lo"s and social circles of Louis
formed the bulk of food for dry cows. v,,1,u' A "autilul woman is said to bo
. .. ... . ' llin nnnw.. .iii.l l.. ............ i.; .
It has been found that when well cured
it is e(iial to hay for horses, and on
those farms where there is more grown
than the cows cau use, it iscomiiig into
Use as a popular horse feed. It is well
understood now by intelligent farmers
that there is very little gain iu the
weight of corn after the first cool nights
coine; hcncc.the stalks can be cut while
tolerably green, thus furnishing ex
cellent fodder a-ad a full crop of'corn
at the same time. Instead of its being '
left out iu shocks ou the field.
the best portions are washed out by tho '
. ' .
rains, it is now better cared lor, and
when not actually kept iu the best con-
ditiou in dry seasons, as hay is, at least
receives the protection of stacking up in
as ram-proof a manner as possible,
This increasing care for corn fodder
will receive a new impetus this season
from the scarcity of bay, and tho very
favorable corn season will also tell iu its
Tho welfare of the human race is so
intimately bound up with that of our
domestic animals that even the man
who owns no horse or cow can rejoice at
the prospect ofa bountiful corn crop.
A new method of packing butter for
the retail trade hasbeen invented, which '
liromisos to answer a want niif le It.
Tim lime unices is ilnscriliiiil n Inllnus- I
A firkin or barrel is prepared by filling
to a proper depth
with strong and pure
bv in.. Thn holier, ns it is tnL-nii fiiini '
the churn and prepared for market, is
carefully selected as to color and qual
ity and enclosed in plain cotton bags or
sacks, weighing from five to ten pounds
each. These sacks are placed in the
barrel or firkin, fresh and sweet, and as
the brine completely covers them they
can be kept iu this condition for any
length of time, it is claimed, without
I any deterioration in quality. Ouu
great advantage that is claimed for this
new style of packing is, that dealers can
take one or more of the bags from the
original package, leaving the rest safe
under cover of the brine and excluded
from the air. The bags are suited to
the retail tido, as they are just above
what is generally needed for family use,
but are at the same timo so convenient
ly arranged that any smaller amount
1 can be cut from thoin in the handiest
' manner. This is mi experiment iu
packing butter, but it is worthy of eon
1 . i . i i .
siucriuinii py retail neater:
. - ol tho morals ol the prolession.
COAL ASHES IN POCLTRV John Howard, tho great philanthro
IIOL'SF.S, pist, married his nurse. She was alto-
The following is from the Poultry gether beneath him in social life and
World; i intellectual capacity, and, besides this,
"Hrv earth is uumiestiniiubly the i was fifty-two years old. while ho was
best thing iu tho world for the dusting ,
bin. It may bo proaured with very '
little trouble during a dry spell iu I
Jltit if not attended to at the
proper season, or it supply gives out,
thou coal ashes are a very good substi-
tuto. One great merit which they
possess is, that us taken from tho stove i
or lurnauco thoy are so very dry. lhoj
dust-bin in tho fowl house should be so
arranged as to not gather dampness
from tho ground, for the drier its eon
touts can bo kept the better. Coal
ashes should he furnished iu a separata
box, in case thu dust-bin is fijled with
dry earth, for tho ashes contain hits of
inn - " uliitii and other carthv iimtlur
forms a biting lye. I Tens will not wal
low in wood ashes when dry earth is
accessible, and they ought to havc.somc
thing to say in the matter."
The Saturday Review philosophises
in a sensible satirical vein on the world's
love of a pretty woman. It gives a
very satisfactory answer to the question :
'Is woman so very ridiculous in her
chac after beauty ?"
We are no patrons of that mocksenti-
inciuaiuy winch is always ready to as-1
i , . . - ,
, hcautifiil, to an inordinate van tv wh eh ,s a
'"I'l". Those delicate, '
artistic graces wh c h the remain mini! hilar
conjures for the adornment of their per- w'"'
son, aim ineir moucat display, are to be 8
I encouraged rather than condemned.
,Wu aru "tjHtarian in almost everything
' estimate ot the value ol woman s
.,,...,.ij. net ii iiu in me mgiicsi oroer,
and most assidiiou.slycultivatedjaiid then
setoff by all tho charms which a chaste
fashion can throw around it in the wav
of dress. Man s rough nature needs J lng0
the inspiration of beaut v in the onnnsirn the
sex to tone it down and nronerlv .ulinst "ictll
it to the sweet relationships of the I phc
domestic eirc e. If we cannot Milm! ' com
we cannot love.
Mut beauty in woman, and fashion in
dress, transcend their true ues when
they are employed as fascinating agents
to betray man into temptation and sin.
A ,.,(,aut"1" woman ot pure thought is
,'me,10 ""oral power in the world,
" ? ,r'lc W1( !'cr 1Mao''c wand touches
.rofi" 'r hoyoml the circle of bus-
l.n.,.1 .....I ..I.!!. 1 I.... 1 . .T 1
',a "!"' cl"
muni uiiu uiiuureii. jhu a ocautiiiii
on their unholy erntid
1,1 i n.
""- .niu nn in,
" lur(! atlCCtlOIIS away flOlll Wife
children and home, are but the en-
wrappings of a she-devil
:i she-devi . conve
i uu .-siokc iriai nas neen ''cnera v
to t,. i ... i . .. ii
' .. 11 .. v .. I 1.
tion lias been expressed that, while . old t
i.i!..i. ... .i , . . . . i .
i isn. was uoi wormy oi a iciter late, "sh k
his murderer should have had justice "lan
unhesitatingly meted out to him by the gratit
: i.:i. l i . i ... .i
.i " . . " . . . .
bus been lightly passed over. The the j
Mansfield still reigns. Her beauty has ofa
iiiuiiuu luiiiiiiiMu cause oi ine murucr I "en
been apostrophised. The moral sense matio
ii. . i .i , . r ...
ui uic .iiiiiu ii.'ih :iim.irenri v iiepnino i uiiu i
iiuiiii;ii ill mi: iiris.Mi'. Mr imiu mil ir i ri i iiitti
tent I'ytlioness. Another recent ease is
in point. An eloquent Presbyterian
uivine talis Irom his bigli elevation m
..... v.n.-i. uiiu iiiub iiiiiii.ui is mil lll
wife. Curiosity is on tip-toe to spy her
out. When she is know n, thu fearful
results of her fascinations will bo for
gotten iu admiration of that beauty
which was able to entrap so shining a
We are willing to admit that iu cases
like these the
much sinned :
woman is perhaps as
igaiust as sinning. We.
however, do not care now to discuss
inn W'.i ..ul,- r.,l'.. ... tl, ......
1!ls,a,IL'es, l0r the purpose of fixing pub
. ..u. ....... ., ..in, iuivi ill uiij.-'g
! nttention upon the enormity of that
iill.niL,i .,1" ..1.:,1. ii... 1.1:.. . M..
ouen-e oi winch the nub ic is ui tv . Mm
Hinsiiiii iii'.iniv u ii,,.,, I i.ti'i I lull .infill ,1 ii r - i 1.11
.I.T.. I ...I . . I I 11.
incuts have wrought, ruin and wrecked etj
1. ........ 1 ... .1.. ;......; pi.. I
i -- , i
in-.ii is, .inn iiei-n mi: iiiMigaiiiiii in i ivter
crimes which other hands have carried I :t.
IIW.M Ulil'.A I .! 1'j . .i.i;u.i "W
Myron married .Miss Millbank to get
money to pay his debts. It turned out
a bad sbitt.
Robert Mums married a farm girl
with whom ho fell iu love while they
worked together in a plow field. He
was irregular in his life and committed
tho most serious mistakes in conducting
his domestic affairs.
'Milton married the daughter of
lived with her but
was an austere,
" short tilllC. lie
exacting literary recluse, while she was
!l rosy romping country Ia-s that could I
not endure the restraint imposed upon i ., .,
her, so they separated. Siibseqituiitly,
however, she returned, and thoy lived
Queen Victoria and Prince Albert
nuiu iimsius, .inn ..imiiii inn iiuiv tiaiiui" I i. .
pie iu ine mug iiuo oi r.iiuusM
i i.iv.ilis ul ;.. iii.. ,.,..,.:i..i
..i . :.. .1. . i i;. . . i.v ii i . ii in
mwttiait " . ii mutual i j t n , x
.Shakspeave loved mid wedded a far
mers.' daughter. Sho was faithful to
her vow, but wo could hardly say the
same of the great bard himself. " Like
most of the great poets, ho showed too
little discrimination in bestowing his
affections on the other sex.
Washington married a woman with
two children. It is enough to say that
sbu was worthy of him, and they lived
i as married folks should in perfect
John Adams married the daughter
' of a Presbyterian clergyman. Her
h'ther objected on account of John's jl0flO
I being a lawyer he had a bad opinion
but twenty-five. Ho would not take
"No" for an answer, and thoy wore
married and lived happily together un-
til she died, which occurred two years
Peter the fi'rcat, of Russia, married
a peasant girl. She mado an excellent
wife and a sagacious Empress,
Humboldt married a poor girl, be
cause he loved her. Of courso they
It in not generally known that An
drew Jackson married a lady wfcoM
husband waa still livm. 8kovwaM
uuediwaUtt kut niabl wouaa , and w
most OtvoteUly attached to tne ota war-
r'tnr ami aiiltt.rn.ii
I II IT I
1 1 mo
i i . .