Newspaper Page Text
JOHN If. OBERLY, PUBLISHER.
CAIRO, ILLINOIS. SUNDAY, AUGUST 25, 1872.
TUB HULt.CTlN IS TIIK ON'I.V STCAM
HOOK AND .IOII I'KINTINO OFFICII
in soutiu:hn iiJJxoLs.
SELECTED STOR Y.
, it was quite evident that he hcliovcd
A largo party is assembled to cele-1 w,,ttt h? aid il circiimsUnco which al
brate the feast ol St. Partridge nt Bay- , give an advantage to a disputant,
elstokc Hall, an old country-house , ? " 1 " P" rigf,l eyes
about two miles distant from the north-! " lcU "I" - a"'1 t'oiwlanco
west coast of Devon. The various , w " 'robab bty of a defection from
branches of English Society are very "' Shochanged hcrtact.es.
fairlv resented bv its component.. '' "e too moderate in your claims
parts. There are two peers, three '
members of the lower house, some
guardsmen, some under-graduates, a
clergyman, and a lieutenant in the navy.
But our hero is not a representative
man. ; yet be belongs to a class which,
called into existence by the accumtilut
cd wealth of the nineteenth century, i
ever on the iucreasc.
Frederick Tyrawley resemble Sir
Charles Coldstream, inasmuch as he
has been everywhere, and done every
thing, but he is by no means used up,
and can still take an interest in what
ever his hand finds to do. Nor is his
everything everybody cUe scvorythiiig.
It is not bounded by Jerusalem and the
Mr. Tyrawley has fought in more
thati onc'Statc of South America, and
has wandered for more than two years
from isle to isle of the I'ncific. A mys
terious reputation hovers round him.
He is supposed to havo done many
tilings, but no one is wry clear what
they arc , and it is not likely that much
information on the point will be obtain
ed from him, for ho seldom talks much,
and never speaks of l.im-elf. II is pres
ent mission appears to he to kill part
ridges, play cricket, and dress himself.
Not that it must be supposed that he
has ever been in the habit of wearing
less clothing than the cu-tom of the
country in which he may have been
located required , but only that at the
present time he devoted much atten
tion to buff waistcoats and gauze neck
ties, braided coaK and curled mus
tachios. Such as he is, however, he is an object
of interest to the feminine portion of the
party at Havelstokc Hill ; for ht is rich
and handsome, as well as mysterious
and csnnot be more than two-and-thirty.
Aud the ladies at Havelstokc out
numbered the men, for although it is
still rare for the fair sex to participate
actively in the saturnalia of the partridge-god,
they will always be found
hoveriug in considerable number on
the outskirts of the feast ; and the varie
ties of the British lady are fairly repre
There are some mammas with daugh
ters to marry, and there are some daugh
ters with a mamma to prevent marry
ing again which is, perhaps, the most
difficult thiug of the two, as she has an
income iu htr own right. There aic
bloudcs and brunettes, and pretty,
brown-haired, browu-eyed girl who
hover between the two orders, and com
bine the most dangerous characteristic
ot both, who can wear both blue and
piuk, and who look prettier in the one
color than they do iu the other ; but
who always command your suffrage in
favor of that they are wearing when
you look at them.
And there is Constance Baynton with
gray eyes and black hair. And the
nicest critic of feminine appearauce
might be defied to state what she had
worn, half an hour after he left her ; for
no one can ever look at anything ex
cept her face.
Vet Constance is three-aud-twenty,
and still unmarried. Alas, what cow
ards men are. The lact is that Con
stance is very clever ; but as Mr. .Mel-;
lish (the widow') says, "not clever
enough to hido it. '
Is she a little vexed at her present
couditiou V Certainly she does not ex- ,
hibit and tendency to carry out -Mrs.
Molliah's suggestion, if it has ever been
repeated to her. The young men are
more afraid of her than ever ; and
ecrtaiuly she does say very sharp things,
Bometimcs. Especially she is severe
upon idlers, the butterflies of fashion
able existence. She appears to con
aider that she has n special mission to
arouse them ; but they do not appear to
like being lectured. With the young
ladies she is a great favorite, for she is
very affectionate ; and though so beau
tiful and distinguished, she has proved .
herself to be not so dangerous a rival '
as might hr.vc been expected. Indeed,
it has happened, more than once, that j
male admiration, rebounded from the
hard surface of her manner, has found
more yielding metal iu the boo...s of ,
of her particular friends. Besides, she
is always ready to lead the van iu tho
general attack'upou the male sex, when
the ladies retire to tho drawing-room.
Not that she ever says anything bo
hind their bucks she would not be ready
to repeat to their faces ; blit in that
course probably she would not meet
with such general support.
In Mr. "Tyrawley sbo affected to dis
beloive, Sho stated as her opinion to
her intimate friends, that sho did n't
believe he over had dono or ever would
do anything worth doing j but that ho
plumed himself on u ohcup reputation,
which, as all were ignorant of its
foundation, no one could poibly im
There is reason
to believe that iu
this instance Miss
Constance was not
us conscientious as usual, hut that sho
really entertained a higher opiuion 01
the gentleman than sho chuso to eou -
fess. lie certainly wus not afraid of
her. and had even dared to contradict
her favorite theory of tho general
worthlessness of Euglish gentlemen of
the ninetecuth century. It was one
wet morning, whoti sho had been read
me Scott to threo or four of her par
ticular friends and it must bo con
or wear ladies' gloves in our helmet,
nor do wo compel harmless individuals,
who possibly may have sweethearts of
their own, to admit the superiority of
our lauyiove at the point of tho lanco;
hut of nil that was good in chivalry, of
courage, truth, honor, enterprise, self-
, sacrifice, you will find as much in the
1 nineteenth century as in the twelfth."
Ho brightened up ns ho spoke, and
your contemporaries, Mr. 'Jyrawley,
If I remembered light, modestv has al
ways been considered a qualification of
a true knight."
"I am not ashamed to speak the
truth,' he replied , "your theory would
have been more tenable before the days
of the Crimean war and the Indian
mutiny; but the men who lit their
cigars in the trenches of the Ilcdau.and
who carried tin? irate of Delhi, may
bear comparison with llayard, or (Vmr
''0, I do not allude to our soldiers,
said she, "of eonreo, I know they are
brave; but," and here she hesitated a
moment, till possibly piqued because
her usual success had not attended her
I in thu pa-sage cd' arms, she concluded,
"but to our idle gentlemen, who seem
to have no heart for anything.''
Tyrawley smiled. "Possibly you
j may judge too much by the outside,"
ho said. "Iain inclined to fancy that
some of those whom you are pleased to
, call idle gentlemen would be found to
have heart enough for anything that
honor, or duty, or even chivalry could
find for tl.cni to do."
"I hope you are right,'" said M is
Constance, with a slightly perceptible
curl of her upper lip, which implied
that she did not think so.
, Tyrawley bowed, and tho conversa
tion terminated a few minutes after
wards , when ho had left the room, the
conversation of the young ladies wa
suddenly interrupted by Master George
liayiitou, aged fourteen, wlio suddenly
attacked his sister.
"I think you are wrong, you know,
' when you call Tyrawley a humbug."
"My dear," said Constance with a
1 start, "I never said anything so ru "
"Well, you implied it, you know, in
your girl's words, and I think you
make a mistake; for he can shoot like
one o'clock, nevei misses a thing, and
I hear he can ride no end. lie was
rather out of practice in his cricket
, when he eame down ; hut ho is improv
ing every day. You should have seen
, the hit he made yesterday right up to
"Do you think there is nothing else
for a man to but ride, aud shoot, mid
play cricket '!"
' O, that's all very well . but you
should hear what Morton, our second
mn-ter, sayj ; anil a great iineK he is
too. 'Whatever you do, do it as well
as you can, whether it's ericket or
verses.' Aud I believe if Tyrawley
had to fight, he'd go in anil win, and
"Ah !" said Constance, with a sigh,
"he has evidently what is it you boy
call it? tipped you. is n't it?"
Indignant at this insult, (icorge
walked off to find his friend, and have
, a lesson iu billiards.
The day lingered on, after the u-ual
fashion of wet days iu September iu
full country-houses. There was a
little dancing after dinner ; but all re
tired early in hopes of a finer day on
Tyrawley had some letter to write,
, so that it was past two before he
' thought of coins to bed. lie always
, slept with his window open, and as he
' threw up the sash, a fierce gut of wind
blew out his caudle., and blew down
, "Pleasant, by Jove ' he soliloquiz
ed. "I wonder whether it's smashed,
unlucky to break a looking-glass
I'm hanged if 1 know where the
matches are : never mind ; I can find
my way to bed iu the dark. What a
night !" as a flash of lightning illumin
ed the room for a moment, and ho bent
out of the window. "The wind must
bo about uor-nor-west. Cheerful for
anything coining up to Bristol from the
southward. I wonder what a storm is
like on this coast. I have a great
mind to tio and see. 1 shall never be
able to et that hall-door open without
. . c , . . 1
wakincr them up 1 what a nuisance
Stay, capital idea ! I'll go by the
Before starting on this expedition, he
changed the remains of his evening
dress (for ho had beeu writiug in his
dressing-grown) for a flannel shirt aud
trowsers, whilst a short pea-jacket and
glazed hat completed his array. His
room was 011 the first floor, and ho had
intended to drop from tho window-sill ;
hut tho brnuch of an elm eame so near
that ho found it unnecessary, as, spring
ing to it, ho was on tho ground, like a
cat, iu nn instant. Ho soon found his
way across country, "like a bird," to
tho edgo of tho cliff. The sea for miles
seemed ono sheet ot foam,
But a flash of lightning discovered
a group of figures about u quarter of a
niilo distaut; and ho distinguished
shouts in tho intervals of the storm.
Ho was soon amongst them, and ho
found that all eyes wero turned on a
vn..i ,i.i..i. I...,) utrnnL- nn n roek with-
, .., W. u. ...........
1 was evident that hho would go to pieces
1 under their very oyes.
1 "Is there no way of opening com-
inuneiation with her?" ho asked of an
old coast-guard man.
by, yo see, sir, wo have sent to
Bilford tor Mauby's rockots ; but sho
must break up before they oomo. '
"How far is it to Bilford?"
"Better than seven, niilo, your hop.
iu two huudred yards of tho cliff. It attacked, wasdueovcrcd on mo laudiug-
.. a, . .1.1 . I,,,!..,. Hi.iit .n 1 1 1.
"Tho cliff goes down like a wall,
forty fathom, at least?"
"Tdio deeper tho better. What dis
tance to tho water ?"
"Agood fifty feet."
"Well, I have dived off the main
yard of the Chesapeake. Now listen
to me. Have you got some light,
strong rope ?"
"As much as you like."
"Well, take a double coil round my
chest, and do you take care to pay it
out fat enough as I draw upon it."
"You won't draw much after tho
first plunge ; it will be tho same thing
as suicide, overy bit."
"Well, we shall see. There's no
time to bo lost ; lend me a knife."
ud in an instant lie whipped off his
hat, boots, and pea-jacket ; then with
the knife he cut off its sleeves and pass-
cd the rot through them, that it might
chafe him le-s. 1
The eyes of tho old boatman brigh-'
ened. There was evidently a mctEot
in his madness. You are a very good ,
FUU H l 111.1 1
swimmer. 1 sunwise, sir: I
"I have dived through the surf at
Nukuheva a few times.
"I never knew a white man that
could do that."
Tyrawley smiled. "But whatever:
you do," he said, "mind and let ine
have plenty of rope. Now out of the
way, my friend, anil let me have a
He walked slowly to the edgo of the
cliff, looked over to see how much the
rock shelved outwards : then returned.
looked to see that there was plenty of
rope for him to carry out, then took a 1
short run, and leaped as if from the
springing-board of a plunging-bath,
He touched the water full five-and-
twenty feet from the edge of the cliff. !
Iown into its dark depth he went, like
2 went, like
again. As i
iw the crest
Is in front i
a plummet, hut soon to rise
he reached the surface, he saw
of a mighty wave a few yards
nflilm tin irnrn in hotinil h.nn '
wns;to dash him lifeless against the cliff. 1
But now his old cxrHjrience of the
Pacific stands him in good stead, l'or
,....! . i. :...! .. i.
tivn nininents lie ilr.nwa iimntii lmn I
ere it reaches him, he dives below its I
centre. The water dashes against the
cliff, but the swimmer ri-cs far beyond
it. A faint cheer rise. front tho shore
as they feel him draw upon tho rope.
The waves follow in succession, aud ho
dives again and again, rising like au
otter to take breath, making very
steadily onward, though more below
the water than above it.
We must now turn to the ship. The
waves have made a eleati breach over
her bows. The crew are crowded upon
the stern. They hold on to the bul
warks, aud await the end, for no boat
can live in such a sea. Suddenly she
is hailed from the wnters. " Sliip a
hoy!" shouts a loud clear voice, which
makes itself heard above the storm.
" Throw me a rope or a buov '" The
life-buoy was still hanging
in its ac
P11.fmnpil tilnpp hi thn tnniiitntiht Tim t
p'mtntri -limner liipplinmpillv i?ilnc it
down. at.l with well-directed aim
throws it within n yard or two nf the i
swimmer. In a moment it is under
his arms, and in half a minute he is on 1
'f'ninn on hiviril sir " lie nri tn flip i
captaiu, pulling one of his wet curls '
professionally. The captaiu appeared 1
to be regarding him as a yiitor from 1
the lower world ; so, turning to the '
.. , ...... v
crew, he lifted up the rope ho had
bought from the shore. Then for the
first time the object of his mission
flashed upon their minds, nnd a des-
perate cheer broke forth from all hands, '
instantly re-echoed from the shore,
Then a strong cable is attached to the '
small rope and drawn on board, then
a second, aim tne communication is
complete. But no time is to be lost,
for the stem shows signs of breaking
up, and there is a lady passenger.
Whilst the captain is planning a sort
of chair in which she might bo moved,
Tyrawley lifts her upon his left arm,
steadies himself with his right by the
upper rope, and walked aloug the lower
as if he had been a dancer. He is the
first on shore, for no sailor would leave
till the lady was sale. Jiut thoy soon
follow, and iu live minutes tl.e ship is
clear, five minutes more, mid 110 trace
of her is left.
Havelstoke Hull has been aroused
by the news of tl.e wreck, and. Mr.
iiavelstuke has just arrived with brandy
and blankets. Him Tyrawley avoids;
aud, thinking ho can bo of no farther
.i 1. 1. .1
use, tie netaKos nimscii across ine
couutry once more, aud by the aid of
.. . p!.n.. .1... !... 1.: .
the friendly elm regains his chamber
Tl.e lady, whom Tyrawloy had
deposited in n cottage, with a strong
recommendation that she should go to
sleep immediately, was soon carried off
iu triumph by Mr. Beyelstoko to the
Hall, and welcomed by Lady Grace nt
half past three iu the morniug. There
wero very few of tho guests who slopt
undisturbed that night. The unusual
noiso iu tho houso aroused everybody,
aud many excursions wero made 111
unfinished costume to endeavor to
ascertain what was going on. The
excitement culminated when the miscel
laneous ussoinblago who had conducted
tho captain and son.o of the crow to tho
Hall, after being well supplied with alo
aud stronger liquids, conceived that it
would ue tne correct tiling 10 givmureu
cheors at tho hour of half past five.
It was then that Lord Todmultou,
an Irish peer laboring under nn orroue-
ous imnrossioii that tho houso was
. .. , ., 1 I.
place, 111 array, consisting iuuhj";
of a short drossiug-gowu, flannel
waistcoat, and a fowliug-pieco
Breakfast that morning was u
desultory meal. Peoplo finished, and
talked about thu wreeK, mid began
again. It seemed quite impossible to
obtaiu anything likonu nccurato account
of what had taken place. At last tho
captain appeared, nnd though almost
overwhelmed by tho multiplicity of
luestions. nevertheless, between tho
cent till it was h11 over, so there had
been no ono to recognir.o him.
"I Kcarcely saw him," said tho
captain, "but he was a dark, tallish
man, with a great ucat oi ncaru.
iiU'o. ho n iM-nt eman?" nsked Miss .
n ; . -
Constanco Baynton, who had been
taking a deep interest in the whole
n ffa i r .
"Well, d'ye sec, Miss, I can't exactly
say, for ho had n't much on ; but if he
is n't, he'd make n good one, that I'll (
go bail for. He's the coolest hand I (
oversaw. Stay 1 now I think of it, I
should n't wouder if Jie wus naval man', .
for ho pulled his forelock, hnlt-laughiiig
like, nnd said, 'Come on board, 'sir,' to
me, when we pulled him up."
"1'nrbnt.s it whs Butherford." said
' w" 1"' V . .
Mr. ftavclstoke, naming the lieutenant ,
In tho navy J "ho is tall and dark."
"Ami he has been letting his inous-
tache grow, since he came on shore,
observed a young lady.
"Where is he?" .
But Mr. Butherford was going down
l" ul" 'i";Vi1 "' cv-'"-
"Begging your pardon, sir,' said tho
butler, "it could hot hwra been any
geutleman stopping in tho houw, for ,
. the door was Tastenea tin ne peop.o ,
j camo down to tell you of the wreck,
At this moment half past ten A. M. .
I ,ir. jyrawicy waiKCUiiuo me ureaiw-
i fukt-rooui. He was got up, if possible, .
.. m ' I ltl I I. '
more elaborately than usual.
"Now here's a gentleman, captain, 1
Mr.Tvrawlev. who has been all over the 1
world, and met with some strange
adventures. I'll be bound he never
fw anythiup to equal the affair of last
"You'd nearish thing of it, captain
inquired Tyrawley, speaking very
slowly. His manner and appearance
slowly. His manner and appearance
quite disarmed any suspicion thecaptam 1
might have had of his identity. 1
"Five minutes more, sir, and Davy '
Jones's looker would have held us all
Begging your pardon, Miss," apologiz-
ing to Constance.
TI. n pnntnin imil nlrpiiilv Tenenteil the
a i . um..u .... ... . - -.
storv a reasonaD.o nuinner 01 limes, i
and was anxious to finish his breakfast.
So Miss Constance gave it all tor tne .
benefit of Mr. Tyrawley, dressed in her
own glowing periods.
Tyrawley made no observation upon
her recital, hut toot a third egg
I ItVIIUtf ' l twm. auiava
"Well. Mr. Tyrawley," said she at
ast. "what do you think of the man
who twain out to the wreck ?"
"Why, I think, Miss Baynton, I
think," said he, hesitating, "that he
must have got very wet. And I sin
cerely hope he won't catch cold.
There was a general laugh al this,
in which the captain joined ; but it is
to be feared that Miss Constance
stamped her pretty little foot under the
Tyrawley turned, and began to talk
to Miss Mellish, who was sitting on his
As he was speaking, the door on his
left oneued. and Lady Grace B.evclstoke
eutered with the lady pasenger. The
ldy heard him speak, and there are
some voices Which a niiui.ui .-..
forgets, and the dangerous journey
over the rope had not passed in silence. I
She laid her baud UPOIl
hi nrni and I
. , ;...ei
said, "U, sir, how can i tnanK jou i
Tyrawley ro-e, as iu duty bound,
saying, "Do not speak of it. 1 did not
know, when I came off, that 1 was to.
have the pleasure of assisting you.
Itut the astonishment of tho captain
was beautiful to behold,
-Why, you don't mean to say, Well,
I never"; dash my wig, well I'm
Here, shake bauds, sir, will you?"
And ho stretched across the table a
brawny hand, not much smaller than a
shoulder oi mutton
The grip with winch lyrawley
met his, seemed to d'Mi great deal more
to convince him of his ideniity than
tho lady's recognition of their preserv
er. The day was as wet as the preceding.
Half au hour after breakfast, Mr. Ty-
rawley lounged into the back drawing
room. There sat Miss Constance Bayn-
I ton, and, by the singular coincidence
which favors lovers or historians, she
I Now Constanco had made up her
j mind that she was bound fo apologize
to Mr. Tyrawley tor her rude speeches
of yesterday ; she had also decided that
she would compliment him 01. his
fahe had, 111 fact, arranged a near,
quiet, cold, formal, appropriate form of
words, in which she would give her
views expression. And how do you
think she delivered thorn? She got up,
said. "O Mr. Tvrawlovt" and burst
If a proud woman's pride is 11 shield
to thee, 0 man, as well as to her against
tho arrows of love, remember that if
ever sho throws it away, after sho has
compelled you to acknowledge its value,
you are both icit utterly ueienceiess.
Frederick Tyrawley capitulated at
once. They aro to be married this
mouth. Aud if Mr. Tyrawloy does not,
at soino future time, achieve a reputation
which no mystery can cloud, it will not
bo Mrs. Tyrawley's fault.
A IllllEP MKMOIH OF TUT OKKAT
Dr. David Liviugstono, tho renowned
traveler and explorer of the wilds of
Ceutral Africa, may bo aptly quoted as
an nxamplo of what may be achieved by
self denial and steady determination.
Thoy who know young David Living
stone, who toiled early and late as
"piccor" in a cotton mill in thu neigh
borhood of Glasgow, and whose fattier
was tho proprietor of a littlo grocer's
shop, could uover havo imagined that
thev should ono day seo liim rank
adulteration from the good man's '
At n very early ago he displayed a j
great tasto for work on science and '
relicon, and prepared in such good i
" . - , , i, . ..
earnest to master tnc grand oiu i.atm
language, that by the time he had
completed his seventeenth year ho was
tolerably well acquainted with Virgil
and Horace, and other Latin authors,
Not only were all his spare hours
devoted to reading, but even at work
ho would place his book on tho spinning
jenny ami catch a scntcuco every now
and then iu tho courso of his labor.
v hen no was nineteen no was promoted
to a cotlon-spiiincr, and with tho fruit
ot his, laborious out wen paw work, ne
attended Greek and medical classes,
it . ,
anu in ine wm.cr .ecu.res. .
About this time he idea of a mis-
sionary life occurred to him, and his
hopes were fixed on obtaining a good
medical education and ,n to qualify ,
himself a candidate for imMii
duties. China was the held he had in
"") ,. . r ,
doomed to disappointment, no, now-
ever, about this tituo becamo acquaint-,
d wilkMr. Moffat! iwho had spoilt con-
siderable tiuie in Africa, andwus by that
gen ueman pcrsuaaeu to give nis service
to the mission cause in that country. .
In 1840 he embarked for the vast
.! . ..P 4 P- I ! 1.1
couinn-ni uiinnua, nuu reuiaineu uieru
sixteen years. The result of these
terprisc is well known. In 1857 he
published his "Missionary Travels iu
I.r. ., '..it...
.irica, a wortc wnicii was naiieu witn
universal satisfactory as well for its li
terary merit as for its intense interest Graml Maer ; the ,.:.ist) whic., wbc
and abundance of rare and valuable in-, finisj1C(i sbo immediatelv called tho
formation. o cannot pay him a craft fV()In labor t0 rcfre;iment. In
greater compliment than to say that ( ,teaJ 0f attciidini? to the duties of her
this part of his life is every way worthy office aM sbe oubt sbc ,eft j1Lr , ti
this part of his life is every way worthy
of'the man of such aboyhood. All the (
essentia! qualities of a great traveler ho
seemsW possess, industry, perseverance, ,
and indomitable will, and a largo share
of self-esteem, which, by tho by, must
be an invaluable ingredient in the com-
nosltion oi a soiourncr amoriL' savages.
j j tr c
On the 10th of March, 1858, Mr. ,
Mvingstone, aner a private interview
witnuueen lctoria, once more set out
on bisChristian pilgrimage, amply pro
vided by the English government with
a valuable cargo and every possible re-1
ouisite. He was absent eight years,
1 ' I I
and on his return to England, July 20, '
18lil, proceeded to publish his narra
tive of an "Expedition to the Zambezi
and its Tributaries," giving the result
of his long sojourn in parts hitherto un
known. He set out again iu 1SGG, aud for a
time intelligence came more or less
directly. Then all tidings ceased, and
at last reports reached the coast that he
had been murdered by the natives
Other reports, however, led to hopes
that he was still alive, and though gov
ernments aud scientific societies ex
pressed regret aud sympathy, it was
left to the energy and generosity of an
American editor, the late .Tames Gordon
Bennett, to fit out an expedition to dis
cover the great explorer. This expe-
i .litinn, IpiI liy Mr. Stanley, was trium
phant. It penetrated to the interior
amid great peril, and was met by J)r. I
. . ...
Mivingsiouc, num u niuu "'"- "
inuru iMiiiiu inu iwu vi Liiuif..H ii.Mii
Military toys mainly come from
France nnd Germany. In the former
country they used probably to servo as
a sort of elementary training to fire tho
war spirit of the nation. Hesse-Cassel
provides tl.e suit of armor, tho breast
plates, cuirasses, neimets, ami guns;
and in russia are made tl.e pretty I
littlo models of ships and other interiors,
with their appropriate fitting. These
aro modeled of jnipier-mnche ; and,
singularly enough, they arc made by
prisoners under penal servitude. The
artistic manner in which they arc made
speaks well for the educational training
giving to the peopio in mat country.
In some of tho German States, schools
are established for the purqose of giv
ing an art education for the manufac
ture of toys; and many ot their pro
ductions are really elegant, and some
people would think almost too good
tor tho rough play of children. This,
however, is a mistaken idea j for thero
is no better method of familiarizing the
young with beauty of form, than by
putting well-formed toys into their
hands. Nothing makes such an
impression upon them as theis play
things; they learn what is beautiful
thereby iustiuctively when their minds
are most vivid. Leaden toys, such as
soldiers in boxes, also come from Prussia
and Bavaria. Thev are best cast iu
moulds, a wholo regiment at a time,
and are separated afterwards mid colored
by children, r rom the quaint oiu city
of Nuremberg come tho metal toyrt,
such as omnibuses, carts, nnd steam-
vessels, brightly colored, it seems
strange that ships should como from an
inland city ; but boys all over tho
world aro nassionatelv fond of tho sea
and the craft belongiug to it, so that it
matters littlo where thoy aro made.
But it is to be observed that these Ger
man models are of a very antiquated
pattern. Tho steamships look more
like Noah's arks than the trim-built
vessels of sea-going nations. In Loudon,
a trade has sprung up which to the
well-to-do abolishes the use of thu boy's
clasp-knife in the occupation to which
ho most loves to put it tho cutting out
of his ship model. Beautiful specimens
of craft, lrom tho boat up to tho three
mastor, can now bo purchased in the
1 .t 11 .1.. H,.!....
siiops, witn an 1110 proper immgi
such as steering-wheels, anchors, com
passes, and iu steamers, even thoongiues
to move them. In tho matter or
machinery, etc., our own boys see
scircely mi optician's window in any
city that is not suppplied with model
steam-engines, locomotives, and tire
engines thai iro actuully worked by
gteajii. These tan 'Scarcely lo called
toyciu the ordinary sense of tho word;
at all events, thoy uro toys to be caro-
things arc sold iu France to bring up
young soldiers, these beautiful models
servo in the United States to train up
young engineers ono of the great
wants of our country.
W1IV A WOMAN CANNOT
BECOME A MASON. ,
i At the late anniversary celebration
i of the Masons of Austin, Nevada, the
orator of'the day thu discoursed upon
this vexed question .
"Woman sometimes complains that
sho is not permitted to enter our Indue
and work with tho enft in their labors,
it .... '
ami icarn nU ,lcr(J ; , b(J earcJ (
thu institution. We will explain the
rca!(,)IK We t.arn that before the Al-
""C"V - iiv ,n
m some doubt about creating Kvc
Thu crcatio f Hv nlllf cre
j, thi haJ bccll accomi,ii8iieJ) nml
the Almighty had made Adam (who
WM tll(J first Mnp0i) amj crL,c,C(, for
calIcJ it Iirauisu x. j. Io tieM
causcu an tne nensts oi me ueiu and
tjlc fowj8 of,i , ; ,0 . b f AJ
lbr llim (o nflne mj u.;licl was
..icoor work he had to do alone, so
tlafno confusion might thereafter ari?e
from Ev w,()u kt,w wouI(, makc
trnubic If sho was ilowed t0 pnrticipto
i it if , ,Mtil U ULmi
"Adam being very much
, with tho labors of his first
nlecp, and when he awoke
' Kvc iu the lodge with him. .
' ing Senior Warden, placed Eve as the
pillar of beauty in the South, and they
i rpnntvnrl flinll inttrttpf intu 4Vmii lli.i
office as she ought, she left
violated her obli-'ation, ai;
CXj,eie,i .AfilS01l( ,vho had
tj,er0j a,i went aroM(l wit
and let in an
had no business
III, I,!,,, Inn...
;,, Adam to look after the i'ewcls.
ffa f(Jn0W liaJ bcctl exnoUml froiii
the Grand Loduc. with several others.
.! i..p". n... .i
some time before. But hearing tho
f0Qt9teps of lbe cjr'ana inHteri bo MllU
acly took his leave, telling Eve to go
l0 ulMn,A npronn. as fclie and Adam
were not in proper regal m. Sho went
and told Adam, and when the Grand
Master returned to tho lodge he found
his gavel had been stolen.
"He called for the Senior and Junior
Wardens, who had neglected to guard
the door, nnd found them absent.
After searchmg some time he eame to I
wuore mcy were niu, and doniauueu oi tlie help of a sprinkling apparatus,
Adam what he was doing there instead which divides the oil color very finely,
of occupying his official station. Adam and sprinkles it over the cloth, this np
replied he was waiting for Evo to call paratus consisting of a tin box closed
the craft from refreshment to labor everywhere, excepting on the front
again, and that the craft was not pro- side."
perly clothed, which they were making The oil color is placed upon the hot
provisions for. Turning to Eve he torn of the box. and intothis is imniers
asked her what she had to offer in ex-
cuse ior ner conuuet. nws replied mat
a fellow passing himself off us a Grand
Lecturer had been giving her instruc-
tions, and she thought it was no harm ,
to learn them. The Grand Master then
j asked her what had become nf bis
I gavel ; she said she did't know, uule-s
Hint tpltrm mill l:ik.iii 11 mmu.
"Finding that Evo was no longer
trustworthy, and that sho had caused
Adain to neglect his duty, and had let
iu one whom ho had expelled, thu G raml
Master had closed the lodge, aud, turn
ing them out, set a faithful Tyler to
"iiard tho door witli a flaming sword.
Adam, rei.entinir of his folly, went to
work like .1 man and a trood Mason, iu
order to get reinstated again. Not so (
with Eve; sho got angry about it and
commenced raising Cain. Adam, on
aueouut of his reformation, was permit,
-. .ictntiltuli liiihrpa ntul wnrl? 111 thp
lower degrees; and, while Eve was al-
lowed to join him in works of charity
outside, she was never airain to be
admitted to assist in the regular work
of the craft. Heuce tho reason why a starry heaven. Hut in tropical Aiucr
woman can not become an inside ica there are phosphorescent insects ot .
Maon " far superior splendor. 1 he great Lant-
em Fly can supply the place of a lamp, 1
D1ANA OF EPHESUS.
About two years ago Mr. Wood,
while exploring tho great threattoat
Ephesiis, discovered au inscription
which gave a remarkably minute ac
count of tho endowments of the Temple
of Dinana and the worship of tho god-
dess, together with the route by which,
oi. nei u.nnuay, ner e s,.i .. .
1 1 .1 1 . 1 M i.: 1
othoi treasures were to be carried 11.
procession from tho temple to the great
theatre through 01.0 city gaieunu oach
to the teninlo through another. This
was called the .Magnesian.
A committee of tl.e Dilettanti society
recently appointed a committee to re
port upon Mr. Wood's excavations, and
though the report has not been yet
published, the London 7Vmi gives
some of its main points. As soon as
Mr. Wood deciphered his inscription
ho immediately began to survey the
ground aud soon discovered ono of the
two gates named in it. l'rom it issued
au ancient road, flanked, like the Ap-
pian Way, by sepulchral monuments ol
the llomiiuperiod, and along the lino
ot which iuiglitst.il be traced tl.e touudii
tious of a portico, which there is good
1 i ! .1... 1.. !. 1...
grou m ior recugu mug us . u
.inn ll.il!. 11. niu tit Milk w.imillll ttlMltlll'l.' (if
the Christian era to protect the nio -
ces.-ion from sun and shower. Tho
pavement of tl.e road lay at an average
t .1 1 Mini nltmi. ilu
courso were the tombs of the proprietors
and other magnates who governed at
Kpliesus after it had passed under tho
sway of the llomaiiF. Iu the autumn
of 1871 Mr. Wood came upon the
lowest drum of a column nearly entire.
.1 . a i. . ..141... ......... ....it.....
on which was sculptured a group of '
male and female figure, standing and
The standing figures wero six
feet hiirh: tho whole
marblo weighed upwards ot eleven tons.
It was evident that this belonged to one
of those thirty-six sculptural columns
ibioh Pliny mentions as among tho
admiranda of tho Temple. Fragments
of two more sculptured drums, a pilas-
lor Wll uu giuujj tit "h" .v.isi,
. ?.t. n itnv ...nml ! 1,1. .1. ....HaI
hasps, and drums
patched from Malta by the Admiralty,
took on board upwards of sixty tons of
marble iu January last. Though these
treasures reached Malta in February,
lad', only a portion anil that the least
interesting has yet reached Kngland.
The rest nro on two iron-clads on their
way homo. Mr. Wood is still continu-
ing bis excavations. Ho has during
tho present sprint: and summer remov
ed the soil from a large area into which
ne expects 10 penetrate during me
autumn. His "find" will no doubt be
TIIK UltlUIN OK CHOLERA. !
Cholera, as far as can bo ascertained,
originated at Jcssicoro, India, a villaee
on the banks of tho Ganges, in 1817.
No mention of a similar plague is re
corded iu history previous to that time.
Many suppose it originated from the
etlluvia of the dead bodies
floating down tho river impregnating
the atmosphere with a subtle and
deadly poison. The black death,
which decimated Kurope iu the four
teenth century, ami the plague, which,
according to DeKoc, destroyed a
hundred thousand pcoplo iu London,
iu 1(50,"), wero scarcely as terrible a.,
visitation as the cholera when it made
its dreadful advent from the Eastland
swept like a dctroying angel's wing to
the very borders of civilization. Since
iu first appeared its victims number the i
awful amount of IJOO.OOO.OOO ; but sci-,
encc has discovered remedies to baffle .
the scourge, while its virulence has de
creased with each succeeding visitation.
The first ease on this continent oc
curred at Quebec, iu 18J12. The first
iu New York city, at No. 20 Orange
(now called Baxter) street. We have
heard it stated that Xavier Chabert, the
celebrated fire king, was very success
ful iu his treatment of the cholera.
Quicksilver was his remedy, and strange
as it may seem, two, three, and even
fb'ir-pounds does were administered in
desperate cases, and three out of five
survived tho terrible ordeal.
APPLYING COLORS TO CLOTH.
Tho manufacture, of fabrics in which
minute specks of one color arc seen on
a dark ground has become very exton-,
sive this artistic result having been ; W
prouuceii lroui tne nrst by tlie intro
duction of a silken thread."
The same beautiful effect, however,
is now accomplished, aud iu some eases 1
much more readily, without weaving
in tl.e dots, by a different arrangement
The speckles themselves are applied by
ed a small rotating, cylindrical brush, ,
which lies parallel to the open side of
the box, and can be turned by means of
a crank. The bristles of the brush in
rotating, after being saturated with tl.e
oil color, strike airainsta small bar. and
throw out the oil color dust in very fine
drops. On the back side of the box is
r J- .y -''. K'.M'U l
li.it.il teliilii vnvlif tlirnil Tilt ........
In this way tl.e dust rain of any 0ll
color that is desirable can ne uirecieu
over the cloth spread out on a table. '
If two colors .are desired, it is only
necessary tosprinklu the cloth first with ,
the one and then with the other. After 1
tl.n .Iiii iu atitMtiL'lit itrmi flin ciirfiifn nf 1
the cloths or fabrics, they aro folded
iiju ijj if ri niiu tv v j .i
face to face, and either passed between
rollers or pressed by blocks, so as to 1
drive in and further distribute the color
on the cloths.
THEGUEAT LAMLLN HA.
Every person kno.vs the Lainpyns,
' glow-worm, which in the autumn
' gives our green turf tho appearance of
with tho bright light with which its
monstrous head gleams.
Sybille de .Merian relates that at
Surinam sho sometimes read the news
papers by tho aid of a single one of
In the Autillet, tho phosphorescence j
of these insects is even made daily use '
of; they employ there a luminous hee-
t K. tlio oois,Jot ot" which becomes daz-
.lint; in thu gloom. Iu Cuba the women
often enclose several of these little colc
optora iu little elites of glass or wood,
which they hang up in their rooms,
and this living lustro throws
out sufficient light to serve to
work by. Travelers there also, in a
difficult road, light their path iu tho "
middle of tho night by attaching one of
these beetles to each of thcirfeet. The I
Creoles sometimes set them iu tho curls
of their hair, where, like resplendent
jewels, they give a most fairy-like as
pect to their heads. The negre.-ses, at
their nocturnal dances, scatter meu
brilliant insects over tho robes of lace
which Nature provides thoin, all woven ,
, from tho bark of the lazctto. Iu their
i-.iuiil and lascivious movements they
... inveloDcd in n robo of fire. It is
' ... -
UCINS, AT HOME,
' xiio eolUeum covered tive acres of
. 1 a 1 1 . .....wi mtn linttflrnil ami
. . , . i. ..t.i. ;t An...;..
for eighty-seven thousand
, I . A I. - .
and staudiug room for
siit;i;i.iiu. r, -o .
tWO.Ity-lWO uiuiiBHim uiuru, uuu n vast,
arena, where thousands of gladiators
and wild beasts contended at onec, 1
"Iltitelierd to make ft llouun holiday!"
1 Hoth the uonseuin and tne icinpio o
vcuus, m uio ngm 01 menrcii ui mm,
have suffered much from earthquakes
and the baud of the old destroyer,
Time : and, to the disgrace, of the I
Eai uovernmeui, uiew uunuinj,"
cen used as convenient imame,
wheuco tbe materials of many "
edifices lwvebeon derived. BUll, fcow
over, these ruins fcre such to astonish