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CAIRO DAILY BULLETIN, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 6, 1872.
JOHN H. OBKRIV, Alitor ami Publisher
TERMS OF THE IlAII.Y HUM-KTIN
Oh week, by carrier .
Ob year by carrier, In advance
OMMontb, by mall .
THE DOLLAR WEEKLY 1IUIXETUV
John 11. Obcrly liai reduced the aubscrlp
Uon prlceof the Wkkkly Cairo Hullktix
a. o Dollar er annum. inaVInc It the
cheapen paper published In Southern llllnol
of Now York ;
ro vie rtatDiNT,
B. GRATZ BROWN,
FOR SECRETARY OF STATK.
FOR AUDITOR OF I'URMC ACCOUNTS,
FOR STATK TRRAflURKR,
CHARLES N. LANPHIER.
KOR ATTORXKY OF.VERAT.,
JOHN H. EUSTACE.
FOR CLERK SUPREME COURT SOKTIIEHS
FOR CLERK BUPREMR COURT CENTRAL
DAVID A BROWN.
FO CLERK OF 8CPRKME COURT SOUTHERN
R. A. D. WILBANKS.
FOR CONGRESS EIGHTEENTH DISTRICT,
GEORGE W. WALL,
of Terry County.
MEMBER BOARD OF EQUALIZATION,
of Randolph County.
WILLIAM A. LEMMA,
JOHN H. OBERLY.
Wo arc authorized to announce R. A.
CUNNINGHAM ai a candidate for City
We are authorized to announce JOHN Q.
HARM AN as a candidate for Circuit Clerk of
Alexander county, at the ensuing election in
We are authorized to announce R. S. YO
CUM aa a candidate for Circuit Clerk oi Al
exander county, at the ensuing election In
FOR COUNTY ATTORNEY.
We are authorized to announce II. W.
WEBB, ESQ., as a candidate for County At
torney, at the ensuing November election.
We are authorized to announce P. II.
ton aa a candidate for County Attorney at
the eniulnc November eleetlon.
We are authorized to announce PETER
&AUP as a candidate for Sheriff at the ensu
ing November election.
We are authorized to announce HAMIL
TON IBVIN as a candidate for re-election
U the office ofShcriffol Alexander county.
We are authorized to announce JOHN
11. OOSSMAN aa a candidate for re-election
to.tbe office of Coroner, subject to the decla
slon of the Democratic Convention
Booms of Liberal Executive Com 1
SPRINGFIELD, ILL., August, 15,1872. J
John U. Oberly, Esq.:
The following appointments have been
made lor Gov. Kcerner, by the Liberal Exec
utlvc committee :
. Pa Quoin, Thursday, September 6th, at
Ceutralla, FridaySeptember Cth, daytime;
Carlyle, Saturday, September 7th, daytime;
O. M. Hatch, Scc'y.
GRANT'S LEFT WING.
CULMINATION OF THE AGONY'.
RADICAL HIRELING EARNING
BLADDERY BATHOS FROM BLAN
SLIM ATTENDANCE OF DELEGATES.
BUT ANY NUMBER OF BUMMERS.
BRIEF EPISTLE OF CHARLES, THE
THE NOMINATION DECLINED
A ROW OVER LABOR REFORMERS.
Louisville, Kr., September 3. At 11
o'clock to-day fifteen of Kentucky' im
practicable! met at the Court-bouse nnd
nacted the dreary lorco ot appointing
ablegate to Blanton' Convention. Who
they were, or why they were appointed, are
matters of no contequence. At 1 o'clock
this afternoon the Grant and Duncan abow
began. It wai held In the Common Pleai
Court-roora, an apartment that would teal
probably four hundred people, but was not
at any time more than two-third filled.
Among the peron who filled the
bsncba was a largo number of curiosity
seeker, who came to view tbo exhibition
of rosiili, exactly ai they would havegono
to si the Twelve Apoitlei in wax ln
Uber Forepaugb' or Jjarnum' traveling
Promptly at ten o'clock Blanton Dun
can mounted the roitrum and called hit
boys to order. After braying a welcome
to bis fellow-donkey. from abroad, be In
troducwl a lanctlfled fellow who engineer
f;il!iryb1I.chTin lJbU cllV. who fn turn
applied to the Lord to kpro the congre
gation of reprobatoa and profeiilonal dlad
Mat there aaaembled.
ftV?l"y or6"ilation waathen ef
.!irn.Lt,relf,a,nl of Mn ntedllu.
II?-.?"!- Cb,?tfle1 " Chairman. Then
2"2 kibe f0H", "ld lut love-letter
f-Ji? . , rc?Wet from Mr. O'Conor
(tBBrley.Jand begged that tho same might
Umdfortbe benefit ol the Conven-
WaII II mrmn ... A .
V, ,f. , buu h uian t take
AIH Ifl HAItf In A,x I . I.I
S&imi U BBd bow it was expreaaed will be
MH by the Associated Preaa. Iknow
at will, bvoauaa I aaw that Hrlm, .u..
5 - r -....., ,,UVuk
of the truth of the Darwinian theory, Wm.
Henry Smith, copying tho original docu
ment. After tho reading of Charlie's letter tbo
delegates adjourned to dlgeat the same.
At half-past four foaail inuaoum was again
on exhibition, and the aamo number of
sight-seers were present to examine them.
Nobody seemed to know what to do.
Tho Committoe on l'ormanont Organiz
ation didn't report, but Chaunccy Burr
did. This as, by tho wny, ha, with tbo
exception of Oeorgo Francia Train, boon
the nolalcat lunatic in Louisville. Chaun
ccy talked j Cbauncey always talk, but
never a ay a any thing worth of report.
When wo had surcoaae of Chaunccy five
antediluvians camo in with a report on
permanent organization. For nn hour or
more the ancient rnatrnle chattered, nnd
wo all grow weary of nis indirect pralso of
urani ana aireci anuto oi ureeley;
Still ho mouthed, and all tho whilo
Blanton sat at tho offend of tho nlatfnrm.
gazlne on the tceno with alt tlm doliirht
n. l-.. ... . . z. o
uib uuiiormua eyes are capabio oi express-
Well, bo the farco ran on 'until tbo
shades of nicht crathored around tho hall
of juatice, and wrapped tbo forma of tho
aeii-consiuuiea saviors oi tbo country in
as deen a gloom a their tnlnila Imvo hnnn
sinco tbo nomination of tho philosophor of
W hat tho ticket will bo I tbo nueation
to-night. It la a queatlon, however, that
win noi auaKetno union from center to
circumference. I think it will bo Cbarlea
O'Conor and Jno. Q. Adama. Sin-blaated
Morton, howevor, suggoat Graham N.
ritcb, of Indiana, for tho second placo on
Afn 1 1 1 .1 V... titn MA. i, n n ... a . d 1 A .
.uu Hat, avviiia w Mhtjl
deep intersat In thl atl'air. He has been
In New Albany for three day paat, and
Blanton and ho have, as is well known
hero, boen in closo communication. Ho,
in fact, engineers this Grant-Duncan show.
Not a raovo has boon mado hire without
bit approval, nor not a dollar anent that
he has not an exact account of.
.Morton is in favor of the nomination of
litch for vice-president becauao ho thinks
tho name Fitch would carrv awav ennuirh
TJf . . . . - . - a -
lnuiana moss-oacKS to securo tho defeat or
There are, howovor. patriots from the
vicinity of Cincinnati who diaagrce with
Morton on thia point. Citizen Corry, for
Inatance, goes back on Filch, spurns Mor
ton's advice, and devotes all his timo
and attention to forwarding tho political
ambition of tho ambroalal Aleck. Aleck
may bo vlco-prciident vetbut of a ward
club or something.
I micht write a ereat deal more about
this farco, but I won'.t. It docs not pay to
describe idiots by tolograph. Theao fol
lows livo and move and breathe unon tho
notoriety tho pres lms given them.
What's tho uso of advertising political
frauds and theoretical doad beats?
Louisville, Ky.. Sept. 3. The na
tional democratic convention astembled
to-day In tho common-pleas court-room of
the court house. Previous to and during
the assembling of delegates the second
regiment national band, ot Philadelphia,
pUyod varioua aira. At ubout ont o'clock
Colonel Duncan called tho convention to
Rev. Dr. Pratt addreased the throne of
grace In an eloquent prayor for concord
and peace and freedom ' Iron, sectional
joalouay throughout tho land.
Uolonel Duncan then spoko as follows :
blast from ui.anton'b iiuole.
Gentlemen of the Convention: It
is my duty to call this assemblage to order.
Its objects aro well known and require no
explanations. Wc havo been derisively
denominated "bolters," "mercenaries,"
etc., by tho editors and politicians who
havo sought an alliance with a faction of
tho radical party, and who havo aban
doned all tho principles which havo hith
erto characterized ou organization. It is
not my province to cast reflection upon
tho motives of the leaders in whoso wisdom
and Judgmont tho party unfortunately
confided. Their action is invalid and
void. It has no binding ofleet Upon other
members of tho party, and it ban already
been repudiated by hundreds of thousands.
No spirit of presumption or forwardness
induced tliesu gentlemen who acted with
me to appeal to tho American democrats
against tho flagrant violation of nartv
faith, and the utter negation of principle
mvoivoa in ma nomination oi air. Uree
ley. Wo did it with a higher and a no
bler motivo; wo did it to vindicate truth,
and to proteat against tho oflured reward
for political treason to ono who had occu
pied ii lifetime in tho bitterest animadver
sion of thoso whoso support ho had sought.
If our call had been n falluro our duty
would have boon uono tbo less performed.
But thcro was u sympathetic chord in tho
American heart, which responded in en
thusiastic and harmonious tonos to tho
musician's touch. There is a lovo for
honesty, a veneration for prjnciplo, a deep
rooted desiro for reform in the hoarts of
the American peoplo, and the assemblage
that I seo before ino to-day evinces
tho earnest Intention to uphold that ban
ner which bad fallen from nerveless and
incompetent bands, and to provo that the
old organization was not dead, but only
sloeplng. It has not died of its corrup
tion, aa tho lattor-day aalnts proclaim, who
aro ao eager for its destruction. It will
not hold out hopes of reward for party
treason, nor bribes to securo generals from
tbo enemy'a camp.
'ine oyca ol the whole country aro dl
rected to this convention, and many anx
bus hopes are to bo verifiod or blasted, ac
cording as wisdom or its negativo shull bo
mo controlling spirit oi our deliberations
Wo can mako this body a famous
ono in history, as tho source from which
the luturo policy and destiny aro to be
shaped. We can mako it equally signitl
cant and destitute of influence. Wo wanl
no hydra-beaded platform, which can be
constructed according to the wishes of tho
reader, for wo havo clear and undoubted
theories which can havo but one intcrpre
tation, whether expounded in tho north
or in the south. Wo can havo no intent
to reopen tbo questions of the past which
the sword has so bloodily decided. Wo
will give no oncouragement to aught that
iookb lowaru revolution, nor can wo,
while submitting to tbo Inevitable, and
powerleas to roverso which has been ac
complished, stultify ourselves by a com-
menaauon oi acts poriormoa in violation
of the constitution. Wo must seek our
alliances upon principles.
Wo muat, If wo can, impress upon the
hunch oi uio laooring cissies wno consti
tute tbo vast majority of our populotion, a
full conviction of our honesty and ain.
eerily in behalf oi tho moaauros tending
fn tmncAt ll..... Tl' . .1 1 1
" " " . . v iuviiii luu 1111 iirnvn fiiir
dy. there is an abtoluto sen
of that I can terminate
t 1.1 , ...
iiiviiuauiu uy &cuona wnicu msy appoaso
tho conflicts between capital und labor
through wiso eompromiaea acceptable to
both; and whlio capital has rlghta which
wo should soek not to infringe, labor Is on-
iiueu 10 oarnes. consiaoration, lor It Is the
parent of wealth It ia the bono and alnow
of the land.
It ia a laborious work to attempt tho
reorganization of a party, and to create its
neceaaary machinery. For two month
every thought of my brain has been mo
nopolized and overy energy of my mind
directed to the accomplishment of that
Ttie sincerity of my motive should
avert criticism, and if there havo been
enors of omlsalon or commission, thoy
should bo overlooked, for tho spring of
my action has been tho Intent to do right,
and aid in the preservation of the partv
and tho perpetuation of It principles, aa
the soul hope for the future of tbo coun
try. And now, gentleman, wesry aa I am In
mind and bod
aatlon of rolloi
self-imposed duties and abdicato
Colonel Duncan's remark wore inter
sparsed with frequent applauie, and was
followed by a long-contlnuod hand-clappings
at the cloao.
Colonel Levi S. Chatflold, of Now York,
was appointed temporary chairman.
On motion. Colonel Duncan appointed
Judge Spalding of Now York, Judge
Lyons of Virginia, and Hon. William
"Whoaton of Michigan, as a committed to
conduct tho chairman to his seat.
Gentlemen of the Convention: It is
my first duty as it is my sincero ploasure
to tender to this convention my most
hearty thanks for the compliment implied
by my selection to preside temporarily over
your deliberations. Tho circumstances
which have called us together, tho crisis
in which wo find tho groat old democratic
party to-day; tbo fact that tho party hav
ing been cloven and driven down and
slaughtered In tho house of its friends, aro
subjects for tho consideration of this
body. I know our Drcsont situation is
not one which was contomplatod by tho
authors of tho democratic party thoso
who gathered together tho elements of
tbo tirst government, who comprehended
the philosophy of the government and of
tho right of man. When thoy had se-
curod thoso prjnciplo in tho form which
would be mado applicable to tbo wants
ana nappineis 01 mankind, thoy supposed
they had laid down the foundations of lib
erty deep, and. building tbo suporatruc-
iuru nigo, tuai h wouia stanu ior an timo.
Early educated in these principles: havlnc
sat almost, as 1 may say, at the foet of
Uamaliel in learning my political creed, I
havo been a momber of that nartv all mv
life. My first voto was given for Androw
jacKion. Applauie. I had known that
boforo Androw Jackson such inon as
Thomas Jefferson, James Madlon, Jamet
jionroo ana Other of the earlv anostlo
..r.i , . ., , ... 1 r ---
ui ueinuuracy naa uvea, witn wnose prin
pie I claim to bo tolerably familiar. Ap
plauso.1 It wa in that school that 1
learned my political cried; and I havo
never seen occasion to change it. Ap
plause.! I do not dosiro to 1 avo ttiHt
church and seek tho salvation of tho coun
try In some heretical church. Applansa.
So long as wo adbero faithfully to these
principals tho country will be the great
unu gionous nation it was intended to bo
when tho fathers founded it. So long to
tho old democratic party were faithful to
incso principles, so long were tbo poople
faithful to tho party.
But tho timo camo when tho clement
that comprised what had been known hi
the federal party, advocating a concen
tration of power, seized tho reins of gov
ernment and fastened on the country their
principles, which was followed in 1601 by
tho melancholy spectacle of a new party
being formed on tho blood and tho cravo
of the citizens of this country. Our party
remained togetner, but distrust and pas
sions wero excited In this country, and
burning prejudice continued because of
the institution that was abolished bv the
political action of that day. But the
party continued, and as time grew on ex
citement and passion were quelled and
the party grew stronger, and I have no
doubt if it had not been cloven down and
sold out in its own household, in tho com-
ing election tnat party would havo no
doubt occupied tbo position it ought to.
ipiause.j uui i am not to complain,
us 1 have no doubt thov woro mistaken.
And what was Jmy regret as the party
went on and "selected an Individual as
its standard-bearer a man entertaining
opinion ana principles wnoiiy antago
nistic to thoso tho Dartv has alwava held.
They claim the right to sell tho party out
to old "Hod," as he used to bo called to
the old white hat and old whito coat for
let mo tell you, gcntlomen, that Isaboutall
tboro is of that old man. Applauso and
1 dony that mv rooresentativa or mv
agent baa the right to get mv property or
my money mat i place in his hands ror
any particular purposo, and then uso it
for his own purposes. Applauae.1 I
deny that tho peoplo who assemblod at
uaitimoro not ropresontlng me or elected
in the usual mode of election by congres
sional districts, but simply appearing there
as rcprcsontatives of a State convention
had any right to transfer or trade mo to
the Republican party or to H. Horaco
uicaiujr. lurunt appiauso. j
Tho work for us liore to-dar ia to en.
deavor to correct that falluro ; applause;
to see whether wo can not rescue tho Dom-
ocratle party from tho destruction that is
implied in that transfer. Continued ap
plause.! I say. eentlomon. all thanka are
duo to Colonel Duncan, Van Allon, Mr.
Pomeroy and Judge Flanders, great ap
plause, who appeared upon tlio ground
whon that infamous transfer was mado,
and protested against it in a spirit which
can spring only from true Democratic
principles. Long and tumultuous ap
plause. That protest has culminated In drawing
together this largo representative body of
earnest, faithful and true Democrats that
I sco before mo. Applause You havo
met here to rebuild und found anew tho
great party so ruthlessly ruled out. Let
the foundations be laid deep and strong,
and moro enduring, that heroaftor ambi
tious politician! shall not be able to pre
vail against it. Applause. I havo all
my lifetime been a Democrat. 1 could
not help it. I was born so, and I shall
dlo so. Applauso. If there ia no other
Domocralic party but myself, 1 will wrap
the old flag around ino und go down in
tho gravo with it. Loud and- continuoua
applauso, ana waving ot bats.
No, a temporary chairmnu ought not
to bore tbo convention with a apeech of
any conaiacraoio lengtn. juries or go
on.l Believing as I do, tbatovorv mom-
bar of this corfvontion is as deeply imbued
with the spirit of Democracy as I am, it
would hardly bncomo mo to attempt to
teacn mem taoir auty, ana i snail not,
therefore, gentlemen, set tbo bad example
in tno outsme ot ino convention, lor
look upon it as a working, and not a talk
ing convention, xne convention is now
ready to proceed with the business that
brought It together.
Tho apeech was Interrupted by frequent
Colonel Duncan said he was instructed
by tho committoo to proposo tho niuno of
lioionei winiam ii. lorry, oi juicnigan,
as temporary cnairman.
Judge Spalding aroao and said bo bad a
sealed letter from Charles O'Conor, and
ho now wished to perform his truat bv
placing said letter in the hands of the
Three cheer were given for O'Cono.
A motion was mado and carried that tho
communication bo read. It is as fol
Mil. O'CONOH'S nillEF KI'ISTLK.
New York, Aug. 31, 1872.
To the National Democratic "onventlon an
I'uimuu iv ni il'Uiuii: nt J.uuiauuu Ull .H'JI-
Gentlemen: A rcprcsontativo Dem
ocracy must bo necessarily degenerate
in practice, and become at last an intoler
ably mlsohiovous domination if its official
corps bo allowed to wield without effectual
restraint thoso powors correctly denomi
nated regal, bv which, from the verv be.
ginning and In evory climo, civil society
has almost invariably been mado the verv
proy of it rulor. When founding our
institutions, the fathers were impressed
with this belief, and In order to ourb tho
Idnitnn n II r t HnMna I. a m.. Iwl I an 1 1 . a 1 F
wiiwvitv. v unvi w agginiiwiifcu iinnu.
they introduced reculatlona of unexampled
complexity. Rejecting two fundamental
hues or the pre-xltlng systoni, they yet
adopt the English policy of check and
balance!. Howevor useful It may bo in a
land of three ostMes-KIng, Lord and
Commons experience has shown that this
policy is Inadequate to tho maintenance
of public order where absolute equality is
Wjjh us It has provon exceedingly mis-
i ujr enormous multiplication
of offices alone. It affords no perma
nently effectual restraint on power. To
me inquiry now such aestraint can bo ira
posed fn ourcountry, politicians huve re
sponded, " By tbo virtuo and Intolllcenco
or tbo people ." But this Is a delusive
speech. Laborious attention, constant
watchfulness, nnd combined action arenec
essary to practical results. If our peoplo
".u vrnvcu upuu a nemo sou ineir per
j.vui uana-io-nana connict for substanco
win. niggard nature might quallllfy them
for rcslstanco to tho official plunderer;
tholr poverty would diminish
his tomptatlon, their defenses;
grcai anu prospor-
All lM..nlB....l. - 1 II i .
ti. ' popular guaraiansnip can
not be had, and tho only efficient protec-
huu ngninai omciai misrule is in totally
prohibiting thoie power which can not
be enoetually regulated by law.
Tbls fact wa aaaerted in tho nubile
councils which cfave hlrlh tfi nur rnnttltn.
tlon, but its recognition was prevented by
uiu wMiioi prior numan oxporienco.
Under Just uch ystoms of govornmcnt
history ha furnished no preclso parallel,
and conscauentlv that natriotiam which
aaW and appreciated tbo riaht was unablo
to provo its statements or maintain its ar
gument by convincinglllustrations. Foil
ng to ingraft on tho written law thi
llfllllalln.ia ,1 1 . I
.......n..wliB uuumi'u jii'cusiary, ino demo
cratic fathers sought a practical establish-
uieni oi mem oy advocating u strict con
wuciion. xnis doctrlnn m nnvnr
thoroughly enforced by any party, and is
uvn iunnj uisrogaruea. tience our pres
ent political condition.
Far-rcocblng change aro needed to ob
viate it ovlls. and it is onlv bv auoh chnn
gca that wo can successfully Inaugurate
tho second ttago in that grand social re-
lorm which was inaugurated by tho fa
ther. A froo and enlightened peoplo with
tnpuui.ius maiurou under tbo benign In
fluence of thoir experiment, wo can note,
detect, and remedy thoao defect In their
glorious, though unfinished work which
oxporienco has devoloped. They laid th o
.ounuuiion ; upon us is dovolvcd tho duty
of completing the superstructure. Tho
enormous growth of official malversation
in this city and atato, which waa brought
to light during tho last war, Invited good
men to action. Tho dlacoverlen mniln
afforded an opnortunitv of atlrrinr- tho
general mind to poraistcnt effort for ro-
Tboopnottlinltv was imnrored. nml nn.
disturbed by tho inopportune occurrcnco
of tho presont canvass, tho current of pop
ular sentiment has over since moved
steadily in the right direction. Tho dosiro
has been extensively entertained that this
movement, which originated in tho nn.
lion's metropolis, should bo pormitted to
run its natural course and draw into har
mony wlthitself thehonest masses through
out tbo country, and thereby lead to the
establishment of efficient, solf-siutalnlng
uuu permanent oarriors against tno pre
Facts, however, warrant an annrehen
slon that tbo ponding conflict for tho con
trol oi tno rederal power has broken in on
the tendency to reform, and mv comnlote-
ly reverso it. Govormental intermeddling
with those concerns of society which un
der judicious laws might beneficially be
en iu muiTiouai action is ino only real
evil actually developed in our system.
This eminence I assigned to it because it
is the fruitful parent of all others existing
and because the measures required to cor-
roci are precisely tnoso which would ex
tirpate tbo unrestralnable powers now so
mischievoualy exerciaed by our officials.
If. instead of prohibiting or diminishing
this vicious practice, our peoplo should
impart to it new sanctions and greater
vitality, reform must becomo Impossible.
Of this practico, above nil other leading
Amoricans Mr. Greeley is the recognized
champion; and no body of organized op
ponents to it has over existed in tho coun
try, oxcept tho democratic party. Yet,
by tho decroo of a convention atsuming
to represent that party, Mr. Greeley has
been gazetted as its standard-bearer. Op
position to that procioding has in my
mind a far deeper sourco than mero at
tachments to party. That I, nt least,
am unduly Influenced by that sentiment
moy appear by tho measures adopted
against the recontly detected municipal
malefactor. In organizing tho force
employed, equal opportunities for purging
itself from complicity wero conceded to
oach of tbo great political parties, and to
every class. Thus innocenco has been
shielded from the discredit of ovil asso
ciations Inadvertently formed; official
villainy stands literally defenseless under
actual or impending judgment; and all
honest men in tho great city and stato aro
invited aa a brotherhood in common de
fense. As I do this from Dartv aentlmont. mv
View of tbo Dublic Interest and of exiitim-
public necessities compel mo to repudiate
tbo Uaitimoro nomination of Mr. Greoloy.
Whenever speaking or writinconthasub-
ject I have uniformly condemned and
declared my readiness to support a demo
cratic candidate. This circumstance haa
led to a supposal In some quarters that I
had aspirations to tho office; and it has
beon Buggosted that my name bo offered
to your acceptance as a candidate. Tbo
object of this letter is to avoid misappre-
uension on inai point, 11 compelled to
dccldo between General Grant and Mr
f jrAAlnv nil mnrllHafea Tap t Ii n nm.!,lunn.i
the democrat oloctor must rely very much
upon mere conjecturo. Thoso who incline
to tho lattor as a choico of ovlls suggest
that n mitigation of oppressions at tho
oouin wouia result irom bis success
inero may, nowever, bo equal ground to
bopo for that good result in either issue of
this rivalry. Once his second term ahull
have been secured, General Grunt's onlv
iuuuvu ior mulcting miaory nn mat por
tion of his countrymen will cease. An
effort to securo a third term or to estab
lish a dictatorship can not reasonably bo
apprehended; and consenuentlv a com
purison of probabilities oflur us mcroly a
blank Olympiad on ono hand, or four
year of Indefinable actlviiy on the other.
That wiso people, who usages wo havo
gonerally followed, bad occasion to pass
through a transitional period, somowhal
similar 10 tnat now auccting southern in
terest. in tnoir action at that timo wo
could find safo precedents for n course of
policy wnicn wouia promptly relnstato
outhern prosperity. But if thcro be ono
among tho masterspirits of tho ago who,
ovon if inclined, could not adopt tbo pol
icy it is Mr. Grooley. Tbo success of Ooti
Orant might involve no important conso-
quonces; but that ol Mr. Ureoley would
consecrate the practices referred to, which
in my opinion, aro absolutely inoompati
bio with tho porinanency of republican In
stitutions. In saying this, it is not inten
ded simply to pronounce for Anti-Protec-
tionist ideas: inai question is leu un
touched. If too support of our homo man
ufactures against foreign competition is to
bo regarded aa sound policy, it can bo af
forded as needful, by a much simpler, a less
expensive, and a far lest demoralizing pro
cess than our overgrown customs establishment.
Tbo true policy ii national regeneration.
It is far mora comprehensivo than mero
freo trade. Its aim is to break the sceDler
of tbo trading politician and emancipate
the masses. Four-fifths of tbo government
Intervention now nractleed in carrvintr on
the affairs of society should be diipentod
with. Existing indebtedness should, in
dsed, U held sacred, and to the last cent
faithfully rodoemed ; tho powor of borrow
ing money on tho public credit, oithor
bv paper issues or otherwise, should bo
absolutely annulled. Nelthor tho fedoral
gc-vernmont nor down to tho smallest div
ision of a state should possess It. Ills in
consistent with tbo porpotulty of freo ro
publican Institutions, ft is tho very llfo
blood of aristocratic rule, for it fottors la
bor as tho bond slave of capital. In modern
times It furnishes the allmont Indlspensi
, f? war without it that most shocking
of all national crimes and calamities would
Such comprohonslve advances in civil
ization ns aro horo suggested may bo as
yot Impracticable In tho Old World. If so,
tho fact only proves that ours is tho high
nnd holy mission of first making them.
Separated by a wldo ocean from any pow
erful nation, mighty in the numbers and
Intolligcnco of our peoplo nnd through
their deep and abiding intorcst in tholr
country's welfare, no external enemy dnro
nssatilt us. Indeed, it is manifest to unpor
vortcd reason that tho adoption of an effic
ient curb upon official power is alono nee
ded to render IhU groat continent the
abode of peaco and of human happiness on
a scalo of surpassing magnitude Even If
defonsivo wars bo necessary ovlls, tho
power of borrowing money should not bo
conceded on that account. It must bo ad
mitted that they can not bo carried on
without vast outlay.
But money is not moro necessary than
men. As tno government which wages
the war must furnish the warrior, why
can it not also furnish tho
money, to feed clotho and
arm him? It is compelled to furnish
all tho labor connocted with his mainten
anco and his belligerent operation
Posterity cannot fleht our battles: nor
I thero any necessity thnt posterity should
pay tho cost of them. Our own young
men musi uo ino ugnting. It Is equally
in tho power of our old men to do tho puy
Intr. "1'hv as vou l'O." is a maxim not less
sound in political economy than In private
auuira. n uuopiod, peculation must cease
to pervert government, and war could no
longurlcnd legal sanctions to cruolty and
oppression. 11, ns some contend, war is
tho normal condition of mankind, nostcrltv
will havo Its own wars to sustain, and it is
.1 a . .. .
tnereioro unreasonable to burden posterity
with debt for the cost of ours.
Deeply interested In suppressing these
Ideas, tho rulers of the peoplo will, of
course, treat them with derision. Still It
must suffico for the presont thus to submit
mem nitKeaiy, on tholr own merits and
without a detailed vindication. Although
.1 1 . . . . . . c
mcir principle is already ac
cepted in sub.tanco by somo Western
States in recent constitutions, their advo
cacy must, In tho main, bo deferred until
ino lacis and ionics of tbo pending can
vass shall have ceased tocntrross attention.
A rew urlor suggestions will, nevertheless,
The power to borrrow monov is mis-
chievlous just in proportion as tbo govern
ment is liberal in form nnd the cation is
prosperous. Tho very constitution of hu
man nature precludes nny effectual regula
tion of It. In a monarchy there mav bo
somo fupervision, but In a republic." tho
tendency to abuse is absolutely Incor-
nguble. Iso human skill can devlso, or
human dilligenco put in force, adequate
checks upon its excesses. If allowed to
oxist at all, Il must Inevitably be abused,
and tho ubuso must progress to an extent
Intolerable The mero burden of taxation
Induced by it is tho least evil among its
foul progeny. Fraud and corruption be
come virtues under its influences. Stat
ues to be set up as objects of nonular rov-
crence, and similar honors havo been pro
posed for its cultivators; and if it be not
interrupted will hereafter be decreed to
A Government restrained within tho
limits of absolute necessity may
bo suppported by moderate
taxation. Still tbo nature and amount of
tbo taxes Imposed should alwaya bo patent.
They should bo plain, viMble and palpable.
The deceitful and fundamental methods
which havo beon devised to draw money
from tbo pockets of tho peoplo without
their consciousness of the imposition should
bo abolished. Duties and excises for re
venue belong to this class. Such futuro
methods of obtaining money should bo
known only through tho prosecuttons
Tho associated difficulty of sustaing tho
Government under such a system is unreal.
Tho public expenses need not be great, and
tho necessity of raising (all aevenuu bv
taxation at tho very moment of expendi
ture or. before, is susceptiable of being
ultilized and mado a source of great pub
However truo it may bo in a certain
view of the matter, that all taxes aro ulti
mately borne by the labnriug classes, thoy
are, nevertheless, in tho first instnnce, col
lected from thoso who possess nroDortv:
and if, by the uniform usage, evory dollar
required for tho expense of Government
should be at once exacted from tho tax
payer, a ponorful class would bo enlisted
in the duty of guarding against official ex
travagance. Government mortagos upon
labor, tho most safo and desirablo of in
vestments, would cease, and In their place
offrighted capitalists could contemplate
only tho approaching gatherer. In self
defense they would perform a public duty
hitherto neglected. Legislative corrup
tion would bo effectively repressed undor
thia keen scrutiny.
No man whoso record was tained would
pass tho ordeul of nn election.
Long and patient study has convinced
me that on tho practicability of establish
ing precisely this popular surveillance
rests mo last nopes oi our Jtepubllc. "1'at
ernnl irovernment" is not necessarily mis.
chiovous in a monarchy, but in a Republic
based upon universal suffrage it can not
fail to foster innumerable vils. It is, in
lact, "me sura oi an villainies. ' Tbo Oov
eminent wnicti devotes somo powors to
-putting money in men's pockets ' roust
employ other in extortion. Tho policy
Involvea a continuous career of ruplno and
My deep avcralon to all these things has
Ii1ii.a4 -i. r
"u luu w uncuunigu too inovomuni
which you represent, and doubtless mv
namo will be presented for your considera
tion as u nomiueo. in that ovont I beg
leuvo respectfully to withdraw it. Tho
strength or emphasis which havo marked
tho language employed by some gentlemen
in addressing me on this subject roust bo
my excuse for tho remark which follow
buccess should of course, bo an objoct in
tho present condition of affairs. Other
leadership will afford a better prospect of
ootuming it. a cnoice can do made lrom
many equally roliablo as reformers, tiro.
ably moro capable of public office, and yot
1 111.., ,i -
teta imeiy to coin oi no lormiuaoie elements
ot opposition. 1 could not consent to sub
scribo to a platform containing either a
profession of faith or a recantation of or
rors and a promiso of amendment. Tho
oxisting pratico require this, and that
nratlce may not be abruptly sot aside. A
lovo of tbut absoluto Independence which
can not now bo maintained in public of
fice; a desire to promoto your success in-
stoad of lmpodlng it; and a bollof that I
can thus best perform the individual cases
or quota of public service have created in
my mind an unalterable resolve to remain
in a private station.
lours truiy, uiiah. u lonoh.
Tho readine of tho letter met with oc
casional outbursts of hearty approval, the
allusion repudiating tbo action of the
Baltimore Convention belnu received with
an uproarious demonstration of ontbutl-asm.
Mr. Van Allen, of New York. oiTered a
resolution that ono from each State renre.
tented in thl Convention be appointed a
COMMITTEE ON CREDENTIALS,
Now York, Colonel John J. Van Allen;
South Carolina, Edward F. Stoko; Pen
nsylvania, J, L.Jacobs; Maryland, Ed
ward Sackotti Delaware, Dr. J. At Brown;
Ohio.B.A. High: Michigan, Wm. W.
Hcaton ; Georgia, W. P. Ramsoy ; Illinois,
Dr. Wm.Hanloy; Nebraska. S. W. Brook ;
Kansas, J. "W. iJrook ; Micbiagln, Thos.
Brannan ; Wisconsin, Dr. W. L. Konnott;
West Virginia, Cyrus Vnnco; Iowa, T. J.
Scaver; Arkansas, A. Colcgrovo; Virginia,
.las. N, Bothuno; Missouri, A. Martin
Williams; Kentucky, Samuol L. Gregor;
Tonnessoo, II, F. Parrish; North Carolina,
W. R. Trout ; California, Samuol J. Bay
ard; Now Jersey, Benjamin C. Potts Ala
bama, T. C. Nosmilh; Mississippi, C. S.
Byington, of Iowa, offered u resolution
that each dolcgatlon chooso a member for
tho Commillco on Credentials, ono for tho
Committoo on Permanent Organization.
ono for. tho National Executive Commlttco,
is why such peoplo as labor roformeri are
Mr. Mooro, of Now York
Mr. Chairman I came ono thousand
miles to attend this convention. I '
camo n a democrat and not as a political
hack. I havo boen trying all my life to
elevato the workingmon to their proper
standard. I came as a labor reformer and
I demand that American Industry bo rep
resented In this convention. Great con
fusion and noise.
The chair stated that as thcro seemed to
bo a misunderstanding in regard to the
question ho would put tho question on the
adoption of the motion again,
A delegate said : I cannot understand
why Now York should have two mem
ber upon tblt committee wbllo other state
barely havo ono. I therefore will oppose
tho motion. I do not coniider
that it ia within tho province of
this convention to Invado tho rule
WHICH nave been repuUrlv itt.1lahe1
UIIU IUI-MIU ..OIIUIIUI r.AVWUVIVU WUIIJUJIIIVU, I I I .UUIUIIjr CBIRUillUCUi
and ono recommended as Vlco-Prcaidcnt 8nu P'scoupon a committoe regularly and
representing the dolcgatlon each Stato. eV'"'v' or8anl"d a now clement, never
Withdrawn. m,nd 8ho"'l bo an honest element, as
Mr. VallandlHhain. of Kentucky, moved that which belongs to tho question of la-
a. . I . 0 I . I a. . .L.ll l . . . .
to auiourn until November
. ..,( . , : . l
oi "i'ui mm out'j
It was carried, on motion of Chaunccy
Burr, of Now York, that a roll-call bo
mado for tho appointment oi a
COSt M ITT KK ON FEUMANENT OROANIZA
TION. Alabama, C. C. Ncsmiih ; Mississippi,
A. Mosley; low York, Judge
Alox. Spauldlngj Kentucky, J. S.
Oolladay; Pennsylvania, Capt. Geo.
Dunn; Indiana, James Mill
son; Tennessee, S. F. Kcndricks; New
Jersoy, James II . Plorson ; Ohio, S. T.
Morton ; Novada, M. M. Pomeroy : Illin
ois, John O. Pullens; Iowa, LcGrand By.
Ingloii; Virginia, Henry 11. Held; Michi
gan. Wm. E. Warner; Wisconsin, M. M.
Wob-itcr; Missouri, Jules A. Dech
mendy ; North Carolina, 0. W. Gassotto ;
West Vlrglnio, Jcsso Mlllor ; Georgia,
W. P. Ramsey ; Arkonsus, II. Colgrovo;
Kansas, S. W. Brook ; Nebraska, Dr.
Brook ; California, Samuel J. Havord.
During the call of Slates to nominate
members of tho committeo on credentials,
Mr. Bayard, of New Jersey, said ; I hold
In my hand a loiter addressed to mo by
tho officers ot the convontion held In San
Francisco to appoint delegates to this con
vention. It is a follows :
an Francisco, Aug. "(, l7i.
Senatok Bayaud Dtar .Sir: At a
Convention of tho Dcmosracv in tho
State of California, held this day. vou
wero unanimously selected to cast the voto
of California Ht thu national Democratic
convention, to bo hel at Louisvillo on tho
3d of September. They express their
proferenco for tho namo of Chnrles
O Conor applauso for President. Trust
ing you will mako a sound Democratic
platform, wo remain, vc.
uy a dclegato 1 movo that Mr. llavard.
.. e v . . t . r ni r ,'
in .n jnrey, represent laiuornia in
this convention. Adopted.
r t i, f .
mv. Jiaoier. ox nenu ckv. numr to n
privileged question, apologized to the con
vention ior me proposition or Air. Val
landlcbam. at the morninr scssson. to ad
journ to jovemter 'JO. .Mr. V. waa so
strong a Democrat that on misapprehend
ing Mr. O'Conor's lettor us meaning to die.
tato a platform to tho enuvention and
verging toward- Greoloy, he had, under
tho momentary impulse, vented his re
sentment in tho manner alluded to,
Tho chairman read a telegram from Saco.
V. .1 I J . . .... " .. . . '
jia, auuresiea to mm, requesting, in be
half of twenty thousand expectant and
waiting Democrats of that Stato. that the
names of tho nominees, so soon aa determ
ined, should bo telegraphed to tho sender
oi me aiipaicn.
Jtr. Williams, or Pennsylvania, sue
gesteu tnat ueiegaie iiurr, or zsew jer
sey, be called upon to entertain the con
vention with a speech while waiting for
reports of tho committees.
Mr. nn Arrnan, from tho committee
on credentials, reported that they had not
ucvu uuiu tu uuiain unu properly engross
all tbo names of delegates, and asked for
further time. Until to-morrow morning's
session was allowed to complete tbo report.
ino committeo on permanent orianiza.
lion reported as lo owa: l'res dent.
Judge James Lyons, of Virginia; Vice-
rresiuont u. u. iiichardi. of II no a:
Sjlvar Jobnaon, Iowa; Austin Wales,
Michigan; C. S. W. Price, Mississippi;
J-.dwurd btokos. fcouth Cnro na: R. R.
Menzle, isconsin ; Colonel Horaco Ris-
ley, Marylaud; Juduo L. Siblef. Missouri:
David L. Face. North Carolina: Cvrus
i ance, esi ircinia : colonel Weene.
Georgia; Dr. L. P. Bluckburn, Arkansas ;
Dr. lirook, Kunsns; Samuel J. Bavard.
California; C. C. N'esbit, Alabama; Peter
!.! X 111 -w
uisiy, -ew iorn; . ii. jiunnoii, Ken
tucky; L.J. McCsno, Pennsylvania; C,
11. Reese. Indiana: Silas F. Kcndrick.
ionnesseo; ,i. u. iiartln, ew .icreevj
Georgo Fishback, Ohio; Goorge D. Pa'r
kcr, Virginia. Secretaries Wm. M
Jerry, Michigan; John J. Van Allen,
Wow York: John R. Milburn. Illinois:
Albert D.Schofleld, Pennsylvania; Ernst
uuncan, west Virginia; s. u. 1'ickcr
ng, Missouri; A. E. Grecorv. North
Tho report was adopted, and the chair
bor. l shall opposo tho motion on this
ground, and hope that the convontion will
not naopt it.
At this point tho confusion became very
great. Nearly every man in tho bouse
was upon his feet addressing tho chair,
whilo tho volco of tho president could
hardly bo heard beyond tho first report
er' tablo. During tbo confusion tho ob
noxious motion was withdrawn and a mo
tion to adjourn passed ; thereupon the
convention, at half past sx o'clock, ad
journed until 9 o'clock to-morrow.
REMAKES OF IIONOKAIiLF. WILLIAM HENRY
SMITH, A PARTICULAR FRIEND OF ULYS
Tho letter of O'Conor has greatly
strengthened him with tho delegates, who
regard him with such respectand affection
as to movo them to tender him tho nomi
nation in (pito of hi firm declination.
They feel that with his lettor as a plat- '
form, hlmnelf aa tho candldato for presi
dent, and John (Juincy Adnma for vice
president, thoy con moke audi an appeal to
tbo democracy of tho country n will turn
tho Kinases rrom tho liberal candldatea.
Hence tho ticket la llkoly to boar thu
names of theao two dlstlngulahod men.
It I stated that with audi nomination
audi strong German democrcratic paper
an tho Cincinnati 'Volktfreund, St. Louis
Anzeigor Des Wostena' and Philadelpnla
'Dcmokrat' will support tlm ticket.
I no lender of this movement regard
tho convention so far as a great success,
Tho convention is romarkably for having
a large number of old men as delegates,
and for tho very small extent of whisky
drinking as compared with uch conven
tions usually. Phrenologlcally and phys
ically speaking, it is not often that such a
body gets together as n nominating con
vention. Tho declination of Charles O'Conor
eeems to bo final, but tboro la a strong dis
position to nomlnoto him and throw tho
responsibility of refusal upon him. If,
however, this should not bo done, Jobn
C;ulncy Adams is llkoly to be tho nominee
for president, and ex-senator Graham N.
Fitch, or Hon. A. P. Edgerton, of Indi
ana, for vice-president.
man appointed Mossra. Spalding, of Now
York, and Burr and Bayard, of Now Jor-
soy, 10 conduct .mugo i,yop to tbo chair.
A Delegate"! movo thnt Colonel
Blanton Duncan, of Kontucky, be elected
by tho convention as un honorary mom
ber, nnd given a seat in It, and also that ho
no me urst vice-president of tho conven
Mr. J. A. Brown, of Delawnro, was ad
ded to tho list of vice-presidents.
Mr. Bcekman, of Now York, moved
mat a committoo of ono bo appolned by
tho delegations from each state to consti
tute tho committoo on resolutions.
Mr. Beekmnn, of New York It has
boen ordered by the convention that tho
letter of Hon. Charles O'Conor bo refer
red to tho committoe on resolutions, when
appointed. Tho motion was agreed to.
Mr. Reed, of Indiana, moved that tbo
committeo on resolutions bo requested to
report to this convention at nine o'clock
iu-iiiurrow morning, xne resolution was
A call or states was tbon mado for
nominations formcmbors of tho committeo
on resolutions, with tho following result:
COMMITTEE ON RESOLUTIONS AND TLAT-
Alabama, C. C. Nesmlth ; Arkansas, E.
M. Hill : California. Samuol J. liuvarH
Delaware, Wm. Drew ; Georgia. A. F.
sxiniiiBuu; tiunoia, james w. David-
.. . T It T- Tit i .
u , kiuihiiu, uv. w. r . Biiarrard ;
Iowo, Thonia A. MorrU ; Kama, S. W.
Brook ; Kontucky, Gcnoral II. P. Lyons ;
Maryland, James T. Kirby; Mississippi,
. iununiuj jubjuuii, it, u, norton;
Michigan, W. A. Clark; Nobraska, S. W.
Brook; Now Jersey, 0. Chauncey Burr;
North Carolina, S. Flourney ; Ohio, Wm.
ai. v.orry: ooum uaro na. ltd. H. Ktnkes
Tennessee, H. F. Harris ; Virginia, Jnnics
i.yonsj west Virginia, crnest Duncan;
Wisconsin, Joel Foster; New York, B.
r.aeeamnn: ronnsvivan a. J. i. Mitoii.
Mr. Van Allen, of New Ynr!rr i.i
like to make a motion that Mr. Brownlnu
who represent tbo labor intere.t (n it.ft
convention, being connected with the
masons and plasterers, hn nrMnH ,n
committee on resolutions. Motion agreed
Mr. Mount .Tnv. nf i nnaiilnanls T
would like to Ailr vaii m. nv,.i.M.n
if tbls Is a dtmocratlc convuntloD, and If it
CAIRO CITY COAL
f prepared lo mpply euatomtr wllh th Ua
PITTSBURG AND ILLINOIS
ORDERS left at Hallldar Urn., on, -o
onto levee, or at the Coal Yard below the
St. Cbarlea Hotel. Will rfU'n nrnmnr .tl.r..
tlon. Tbo Tun ''IIoxtim" win drY n.i
alongside to tf ainem at any hour.
Cairo Box and Basket C0.7
Manufacturer of and Dcalcra.lu
POPLAR, ASH, CYPRESS
OAK AND WALNUT
Halng the -ole right in this city to use the
FULTOX DRY KILN,
the beat Pateut Klin extant, wo are cape
dally prepared to furnish at all tlmea, on
the shortest notice,
THOROUGHLY REASONED LUMBER.
Attention U culled to our itock of
Lumber delivered to any part of the city.
Orders received at tho oilice of
SAFFORD, MORRIS A CANDKK,
comer of 31 th
or at that of the company,
street and Ohio levco
On Kahili HtreM, beiw en Commercial and Wain
nxiun Ainnuei, m amir recelrlnc
NKW MILLINERY GOODS
latest urni.va and rummkr bttliu.
liOHidti tull line or
Trimmed ami untrlmnfeJ.l
KHENCU FLOWEHS, HIBI10N3, TRIMMINGS
of ll klnilt, I.nce., etc., eta.
Mm. Mcflre hn .Ino t uaartmenl o
Fancy Article., nuch aa
.NECK TI.',S, COLLABH. UNDERSLKEVE9.
KUFFo, SASHES, FANS,)
And all other article uaually found In a
FIRST-CLASS MILLINERY STORE
JJr.,.,!cfle' ln addition to her atock or Fanor
and Millinery Cluixl., has a fine and complete u'
Bortment ol Cincinnati Custom Msde Ladlea
,n9 MUsys' bhoea and Ohlldrena' Uoota, blue:
and In Color. These are acknowledged to- be
ttij flneat and beat Bhoea in the markef, atd this
oialiy f make them a
HENRY II. MEYER
DECORATIVE, SIGN und ORNAMENTAL
GRAINING AND MARBLING
of every Description.
DECORATING AND GILDING
in over' stylo, plain and ornamental.
ramcuiar attention nam to uiaaa uuaiUK
Order solicited for Bcencry. Freicoe ana
FANCY GLASS SHOW CARDS
Gilt, plain und ornaiucutal. All work In
truded to my care will be promptly at
tended to. Shop ln Perry Homecorner of
Commercial avenue and Elgntb itnet.