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The Cairo daily bulletin. (Cairo, Ill.) 1870-1872, September 15, 1872, Image 1

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JOHN H. OBERLY, PUBLISHER.
CAIRO, ILLINOIS. SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1872.
THE BULLETIN.
SELECTED STORY.
A DEAD-LOCK, AND ITS
KEY.
"A noto for to, ma'am. No an
awcr." I was resting in my own room, alter
riding it was nix o'clock, too early
to drees for dinner, too late to dress
twice niter taking off my habit sleep
ing over a book, and comfortable in my
white dressing-gown. I was bored by
tho interruption. 'J he note was no
more than this :
"Deau Sai.kf.n, 1 must stay where
I am, and you must go by yourself to
the Lesters' you wont mind. 1 haw
Jack, and he said there was no party,
as it would be troublesome, with the
wedding to-morrow, aud the diuing
room is given up to the breakfast. I've
tent back the brougham. Thiuc,
Fkkd."
Fred is my brother, and was invited,
like myself, to dine quietly with then;
Lester, whose pretty daughter was to
be married next day to a friend of ours
specially Fred's and mine .Sir John
March, commonly called ".rack."
"What keeps Fred?" was my pass
ing thought; then I read a little lon
ger, dressed, and drove to 1'ortman
Square. As I turned the corner, J saw
visible preparations aud signs of the
morrow s wedding at the Lcstcrs' door.
A cart with flowers was unloading; an
nwntner wait Vif!nr nut un nvpr tint linl. . ion
cony and hall door: men in white bclpcd
on the floor on its side. His face I
could not see; but I knew it was Jack
.March, aud I touched his arm in won
der. "Jack, arc you awake? Are you
asleep? What is it?" I asked, with
growing alarm. Was I to find some
thing strange in every room I entered
n this house I "Jack! I said, again.
r- i .1 1 T t i
He turned, and I Bawhis wild, haggard
face, that looked at me with vague
eyes, that seemed not to sec; and theu
he put his head down with a moan, and
covered his cars once more, as if to
shut out sight and sound. The room
felt darker and chiller for this silent
figure; nnd the gaunt old armoire
seemed bigger, and more oppressive.
I ran out ol the room in a sort of panic
Up stairs, the drawing-room door stood
open. The glow of the sunset was over
tho room, bright with flowers and pic
tures; nnd the open windows showed
tho balconies lined with red cloth, and
ready for the guests next day. Silence
here, and silent figures, two of them
one crouched upon the floor, with arms
outstretched upon a sofa: another ly
ing half across an ottoman the bride's
mother and sister. As I caino in and
spoke, now fairly bewildered and fright
encd, Mrs. Lester rose up with a des
pairing wail.
"Saleen, Saleen I" She stood shak
ing and crying out my name.
'Dear Mrs. Lester," I said, taking
tho poor woman's cold hands, "come
nnd sit down and tell me what has hap
pened. Kate!" I called to the girl on
tho floor, "come and give me thatcush-
bhc camo mechanically, and
her mother to the arm-chair.
him, trying to speak quietly. "The
key, Sir. yuiclc tor uods sane i
"Key I What what's all this?
Good God Sir" seizing a servant
by the. collar, and flinging him to one
side, like a cat "do you know what
you're doing, meddling with that cabi
net? Why, it's worth thousands I God
bless mo I what docs all this mean ?"
Ho was purple with anger. "Don t
stand staring. Sarah Heriot," ho thun
dered, "you aro not a fool. Be good
enough to explain this this "
I went un to him sick with horror.
"The key is wanted,'' i managed 10 say.
'Thorn la nmp ntlA iflgille dvintf."
nrnn emtio nnd went. As the brum?- I "Now tell me, if you can" Hut Mrs
ham drew un I could thrnuL'h the Lester's head had fallen back
open door the bustle and
I could see through the
stir within.
At homo in the house, I opened the
dining-room door to see what progress
was befog made with the tables. Sev
eral maid-servants and some oi'the con
fectioner's meu were arranging the or
naments and flowers; the cake, with
its conventional erection, stood con
spicious. My friend's maid was put
ting mo.s into the flower-baskets, and
decorating the high dishes containing
the more durable part of the feast,
upon the
cushion, and she had fainted. The girl
roused herself.
"No wonder," Bhe said; "she has
eaten nothing all day, and then all
this. It's too awful, Saleen. I shall
go mad if I think; and papa has never
come back 1"
"Where is your father?''
"1 don t know,
the club and to the
fiud him. Aud we've searched his
room, and it's not there. It's nowhere.
and we
"Well, Barker," I was beginning, when And Jack is nearly wild ;
I caught the woman's eyes. She was daren't break it open."
doing her work with a strange gravity,
and her face was full of horror and
pain. When she saw me, she let fall
the flowers in her hand.
"Oh, ma'am! oh, Mis Sarah!
you've come."
"Of course I've come," I answered.
"What is the matter?"
r t r t .
"It: What, child Cant you say
what you are talking about ? shall
go mad next. Whnt can't you find ?
And what ails you all ?"
Saleen, its Marv. .Mary is in
ying
"Some one dying in there! Who?
What I Who is it, girl?" He shook me
by the shoulder till I winced with pain
"Oh, the key, the key! Never
mind anything else, Sir. Only open it
quick, and lose no more time.1'
He looked sharply round., Mrs.
Lester aud Kate were standing at the
door, with their terrified, miserable fa
ces, lie took in the rest or us witn a
glance.
"Where's Marv ?" ho said, suddenly.
No one spoke. "Why the devil don't
vou answer me? Who is shut in
there? How could any one be here?
Trash 1" But his face was growing ashy
gray, and his lips whitened as he spoke.
"An, my God ! I never shut the door I
It is not Man, not my girl that i
He pointed with a shaking band to the
heavy door. "And I haven't the
key!"
He made one rush into the street.
The servants standing about were
swept right and left, as ho tore pant ,
iL ' .1 f I 1 C. .!... XI..l I
ilium uuwu vsreuaru oux-ei niiu irxiuru
ford Street. They could see the hat
less, fleeing figure disappearing in the
distance.
Mrs. Lester came into the hall. The
doctor and others were busy about poor
Jack Marsh, who lay ou the dining
room sofa, with closed eyes, happily
unconscious. The timid mistress of
I the house stood by the staircase, her
We sent down to 'acei ner voice, her whole appearance
Houic thev can't ' changed and aged in the last hour.
"lie has gone lor tnc key ; nc can t
be back, she said, speaking like a
woman in a dream, "not for a half an
hour." She looked round stupidly and
smiled. "He will kill me. you know ;
but the cabinet thall be broken open
broken to pieces ! Never mind, fancy
to be waiting for the key!" she
langcd. ".Break it down, I tell you !
MISCELLANEOUS
BEARDS.
THE FASHIONS OP THE IIAIH OP
MEN'S FACES.
THE
"SAPIENT BEARDS" OP OUR
FOREFATHERS.
"You haven't seen them, ma'am,
have you ?"
"Seen who? the ladies? No;
there, and the key is gone, aud papa is 1 give the order. Do you hear me ?"
. . ....1 . i,'., .; ...er . I .. ..... m.
isdy
ing ;" and the girl flung herself on the
floor with wild sobs and tears. Mrs.
Leslie lay forgotten iu her swoou ;
I Kate rolled in unavailing misery on
stairs, i ue
I knew
the carpet. I fled down
came straight in here to look at the ta
bles. Is there anything wrong? I t servants were as busy as ever
suppose we re to diuc in the library tor it all.
VWav 7 jfow jce it all looks !"
VNice !" Oh, ma'am it's awful ! To
aeo it all, and to go ou as if a if
O Lord 1" and the woman sat down,
and rocked herself to and fro, with the
tears running down her face,
I was thoroughly alarmed now.
"Barker, it there anything wrong ? Is
any one ill or dead ? Don't frighten
me like this. I'll go and see them if
you don't speak out," and I went to the ( man was standing
door. I just saw that Barker had des- "Come here," I said
cended to the floor, and that her head
was on the chair, which she clutched,
sobbing aloud.
I met the butler aud another man
crossing the hall, both with scared, sol
emn faces, and went ou to the morning
room, on the same floor. There all
looked much as usual. The pride of
the house and of my frienda' rather
valuable collection of antiquities stood
facing the door a huge cabiuet, with
massive clamped doors, and richly cut
brasswork ciVe as only genuine
brass-work of old time can be ; curious
ly inlaid wood-work ; marvelous locks
which uo one but the owner understood,
and no one else dared meddle with. It
was a very old friend, the great nrmot re;
playing with the children of the house
in my own childhood, I knew it, inside
and outside, by heart. A mystery and
a wonder then an interest later al
wavs a thing to admire and wonder at
even now.
It had three doors. The ceutre one,
. .about four feet wide, and certainly six
inches thick, shut iu another, which
again inclosed, with a space of eight in
ches of waste room, a set of six draw
ers, of different sizes, aud a sort of
cupboard abovo them. We used to
stand as littlo children bctweou the
drawers and the inner door, and won
der, supposing we were shut in,
whether wo could breathe long in that
narrow inclosuro, or be heard by any
one without, supposing awful
thought! wo wero forgotten, or the
outer door were shut. I remember
thinking' of it in bed at night, an ner
vous ohlldreu will think or such things
till I was cold with horror. Both these
two doors shut with a catch which was
not a lock ; but wo childron wore for
bidden ever to open or shut them, ex
cept when Mr. Lester was present. It
was doubtful if auy ono else knew how
to open thorn, for no one ever tried.
The two sido doors opened with curious
keys, which stood iu tho locks, chained
to the armoire. They wore valuables
in themselves. The great key of tho
centre door, worth a hundred pounds
or more, was considered too sacred for
common eyes, and lay iu a volvct-liiiod
caso in Mr. Lester's own keeping
brought out only occasionally to show
to those who cnuld appreciate such
things.
It stood there in the summer twi
light, looming darkly in the quiet room
darker than the rest of tho nouso ; as
back-rooms in. London often are.
Chilly, it seemed to mo, in my thin
white dress, coming from tho hall full
of sunset light. Turning to leave tho
room, I saw a man lying prone on his
face upon the tola; so still and so
straight and so strange in his attitude
that! could only stare for a miuute,
nnd wonder whether bo was asleep or
"Good God !" I said to the butler,
who was carrying in a tray of glass,
"r you going on with all this useful
folly, and that girl dying in the next
room? Is uo one going to try to save
her?"
Davis stood still aud looked at me
pityingly; he shook his head sadly,
l and went on.
I rushed into the street: a police-
near the carts.
"You" to another man "go and
get a blacksmith. Run for your life !
I Tell them to bring tools to open locks
and unscrew everything, ltun ! And
you get a hatchet ; get anything: come
. and break open tho great cabinet." I
gasped to the servant, who came to see
I what it all meant : "Don't lose a mo
I mcut. "Oh, break it down 1" I
, screamed at last ; "break it with the
hatchet. What does auything mat
ter, but her lilc her hie !
"Her life 1" said some strange voice
close to me, and there stood Jack
March, swaying like a drunken mau,
with scared eyes and wild hair. Was
his reason gone or going?
"Don't !" he shouted to a workman
who was lifting the hatchet to break in
tho door. "Not up there. Ilcrhead."
And then ho stooped his ear to the key
hole, listened intently a minute, raised
his head as it to demand silence, and,
the intelligence fading out of his face,
ho roso with a discordant laugh aud
walked away. "Bah!" he said: "her
life against Lesters cabinet her life
against it key." Wo did not even look
round to sec whero he went stumbling
through the hall, where he fell iu a fit
upon the floor,
I never kuew till afterward how it
had all happened ; how her father, only
an hour or so earlier, exhibiting his
wonderful cabinet to a connoisseur in
such matters, had gone up stairs with
his friend to show the key ho prized so
much, leaving the cabinet door open,
intonding to return ; how Mary and the
children, a younger brother aud sister,
had como in; and how the unusual
sight of the open door had attracted
them ; how she looked in, and told the
little ones alio had not stood insido it
"so" sincosho was as little as they
were, and laughing, tried to stand in
tho old place, "I am not too big oven
now, am 1 ?" she said ; and the chil
dren rau to see, and pushing the doors
against her, the spring caught, and
shut her iu with death and suffocation ;
while they went shouting to tho others
that sister Mary was "in thero shut up,"
and they "couldn't let her out."
No. thev could not let her out. Mr.
Lester and his friend had gone off
with the key, to show it to some ono
who had doubted its date so it ap
peared from ono of tho boys who now
,camo in. He had beard them talking
on iuu ttiairs as tnoy went out.
"Tin fUlid ! I.Tflvuia Ln.,.u
Three telling blows. The room sud
denly darker, a chill sough of wind
from the window, and the door swung
to with a bang. hvery one looked
round. A growl of distant thunder,
and a faint flash of lightning accounted
for it next moment. More blows, and
a long ominous roll, and the lightning
playing across the great Armoire : then
an avalanche of rain and hail all
strange and incongruous on this fine
evening. The room was nearly dark.
One of the men spoke : "Is there
step-ladder in the house t it was
brought. "I'll try the top, with your
leave, ma am. Ah, it 1 had a light now I
He was given a taper from the library
tabic, "liilr to his companion
"look here ; hold tho light, and keep
a hand on the side." He lifted the
hatchet, and gave a swinging blow
another an awful clap of thunder, and
the next flash showed every white face
to the other. Quick steps iu the hall,
and the door flung wide ; a wild, wet
figure threw the key among us, and fell
in a heap on the floor. Mrs. Lester
took up the key, tumbled with the lock.
let it fall with a shriek. Barker caught
it from her, put it in, and turned it.
"Open it," she whispered to one of
the men ; "can't." She turned away,
sick with dread. It was opened, show
ing nothing but the terrible inner door,
whose spring was only known to the
master, lying senseless on tho floor.
"Take off more here," one of the
men shouted ; "it will give air till the
door's got open." Good thought.
They worked savagely.
Mrs. Lester was on her knees by her
husband. "Ob, get brandy ! Get him
to speak 1 He could tell us how 1"
They did what they could. "Wil
liam ! Oh, speak to me ! How I can
open it, the spring the inner door?"
Kate sprung forward. "I know!
I know I Strike on the floor at the foot
of the inner door ! Oh, I remomber, it
was there I"
Davis felt with his hand all along
the polished surface of the lowest
shelf. "Here, press here ; givo mo a
hammer." He felt a slight rise, and
etruck gradually around tho spot Kute
showed him. A deafening clap of
thunder, aud a flash, blinding us for a
moment, and then camo a creak,
drowned in tho awful thunder.
"It's open," said one of the men.
Kate slid to the floor, twisting my
dress about her head.
Davis turned from tho door. "I
'Ho said : 'Jarvis kuows nothing
about it ; he has never seou it,' " said
tho boy, sobbing, "I hoard him. I
know ho said Jarvis."
"That will be Colonel Jarvis, in
Charles Street, ma'am," said Davis.
"Maybe, if wo sent there "
There were voices outaido, and Bar
ker looked in with a, white face of
horror.
daren't look," ho said. Do you," to
the carpenters man. "Open itgcutly."
.Barker stretched forward, turned
round, tried to say something, aud
burst out crying.
"I can't soe," said the man, with n
strange, thick voice. "Bring tho light
somo ono." For ten awful seconds
there was silouco iu tho dim rooui, then
a cry aud a heavy fall.
"Saleen, said a voice close to me,
"do vou know it's a quarter past seven,
and you are duo at the Lesters' at halt
past ; aud not even dressed ? Hero's
your book taiien uown.
I had been asleep over an hour.
If I felt like a conspirator at tho
Lesters1 pleasant dinner, it is not sur
prisiug,' but I did not mention my
dream.
BfirThe harvest in Frauce this year
will be the most abundant known for
a long time. It is estimated at 00,225,
000 bushels, and exceeds, at that
tKrom Leisure Hoiirs.l
Few fashions have been so capricious
an thoso connected wuu tne nair oi
men's faces, and if we look back for
several ages, we shall find that the cus
tom ot shaving has continually Deen in
troduced, and as frequently discontin
ued. Alexander the Great, before an
engagement, commanded Parmenio to
have all his soldiers shaved, and gave
as his reason that a long beard affords
a handle for the enemy. We suppose
that tho old Normaus had the same"
view of the convenience of a beard, for
they shaved close, and deceived their
enemies. Harold's spies reported that
WilliamthelConqucrer's'army was com
posed not of soldiers, but of priests.
After the conquest, however, when the
Normans settled in England, they be
gan to wear beards, and, in order to
make a distinction between them, or
ders were given that the English
should shave. Ifwelookat the por
traits of our kings, we shall find that
each of them adopted a special fashion
of his own. Henry I wore a beard
trimmed round, and Bichard Coeur de
Lion a short beard. Henry III shaved,
but his son, Edward I, wore a curled
beard. There is a touching story of
Edward II, in his misery, which illus
trates our subject. When be was at
Carnarvon Maltravers ordered the king
to be shaved with dirty cold water, at
which he burst into tears and ex
claimed: "Here at last is warm water
on my cheek, whether you will or no."
Ldward ill wore a noble beard but
Bichard the Second's was short. Dur
ing tho fourteenth century close shav
ing became prevalent with young men,
and the old men wore forked beards,
as Chaucer describes the merchant:
"A merchant was there with forked
beard." Henry IV wore a beard, but
Henry V, Henry VI, and Edward VII,
all shaved. Heury VIII shaved until
he heard that Francis I, of France,
wore a beard, and then he allowed his
to grow. Francis did not approve of
all his subjects wearing nature's cov
ering for. the face, and he therefore ob
tained from the Pope a brief by which
all the ecclesiastics throughout France
were compelled to shave or pay a large
sum. Bishops and richly beneficed
clergy paid the fine, but the poor priests
were forced to comply with the require
ments of the law. Some men have
been so proud of their beards that they
have taken their loss greatly to heart.
Duprat, son of the celebrated Chancel
lor Legate possessed a very fine beard.
He distinquished himself at the Coun
cil of Trent, and was soon after ap
pointed to the bishopric of Clermont.
On Easter Sunday he appeared at his
cathedral, but to his dismay he found
three dignitaries of his chapter waiting
to receive him, with razors, scissors,
I and the statutes of the church in their
bauds. He argued without avail, and
to save his beard he fled and aban
doned his bishopric. A few days af
terward he died of grief. When Philip
V of Spain gave orders for the abolition
of beards throughout his kingdom,
many a brave Spaniard felt the priva
tion keeuly, and said : "Since we have
lost our beards we seem to have lost
our souls." Sir Thomas Moore thought
of his beard at the time of his execution
and moved it out of the way of the
head-man's axe.
The plays, poems and treatises of the
reigns, of Elizabeth, James I and
Charles II, are full of amusing allu
sions to the varieties of fashions in
beards. We learn from them, what were
the various styles adopted by the dif
ferent wearers, as the French, npanisn,
Dutch and Italian cuts, the new, old,
gentlemen's, common, court and coun
try cuts. Stubbs, in his "Anatomic of
Abuses," says that the barber will ask
"whether you will bo cut too look ter
rible to your, enemy or amiable to your
friend; grim and stern iu countenance,
or pleasant and demure." The worthy
old clergyman. William Harrison, to
whom we owe our chief knowledge of
mo state or mis country, in me six
teenth century, gives the following ac
count of the varieties of beards in his
description of England: "Some are
1 l V il. 41 1
snaven irom mo emu use inosc oi
Turks, not a few out short like the
beard of tho Marquis Otto, some made
round like a rubbing brush, others
with apiquo devant (oh, fine fashion !")
or now aud then suffered to grow long,
the barbers being growen to bo cun
ning in this behalf as the tailors. And,
therefore, if a man have a leane and
stroight face, a Marquesse Otton'a cut
will make it broad and large ; if it bo
platter-like, a long, slender beard will
make it seem the narrower ; if ho bo
wesselbeoked, then much bare left on
tho cheekea will make the owner look
bit; like a bowellod hen, and so grim
as a goose ; if Gronelis Cholmercsford
sais true inauio old men woaro no
beards at all."
Al) of this care of and attending to
the personal appearance took up much
time, and many of tho religious writers
complain of the time wasted iu the
trimming of beards. The once celo
brated Mrs. Elizabeth Thomas, in des
cribjug the habits of her .grandfather,
who was a Turkey merchant, says that
his valet was some hours evory morn
ing in starching his beard and curling
his whiskers, one adds tnat a com
panion read to him during .the time
upon Bomo useful subject. If what
Ifutton tolls us iu his "Follies Anato
mie ( lbl'J) was true, tne morning s
dressing could not have been, sufficient
10 Keep lue uearu m pruper trim ;
"With whatgrace, bold, ac tor-like he ipeaVn,
Having his bearC nreclselv cut 1' th' Desks :
How neat's mouuacbious do, at 'a distance
The latter takes up tho cause of beards
in a very trenchant style. He aiks:
"Pray, Andrew, did not Adam possess
a beard? and, if he did, who shaved
him?" And "didn't tho Apostles have
beards?" Therefore, wo should imitate
Sampson, and thousands of old philos
phcrs who would not shave. Matthew
Green wrote the following impromptu
j in answer to a lady who inquired why
beards were not worn as in tormer
times :
"To linwh the check of ladles fair
With genuine charms o'crsprcad,
Their aplent beards wlthmlcle care
Our wlc forefathers led.
" But since our modern ladles take
Such palm to paint their face,
What havoc would such brushes make
Among the loves and grace."
Fortuuately. the same reason cannot
bo given now, because our ladies do not
disfigure their faces, but the general in
troduction of beards and moustaches a
few years ago, met with great opposi
tion at first; and it is said that, in
1854, the parishioners of a country
parish discontinued their attendance at
church on account of the clergy taking
to a beard. Now, whether wo go
among rich or poor, laymen or clergy,
we find beards every where, and, doubt
less, the change of fashion has improved
the appearance and benefitted the health
of many, for we can say, with tho old
ballad :
"A well thatched face Is a comely grace,
Aim a inciter irom tne com."
GERMAN CUSTOMS OF
THE OLDEN TIME.
SCOLDIftG WOMEN AND HEN
PECKED HUSBANDS.
A curious work on "the humerous
element in German law," by 0. Gicske,
has just been published at Berlin. The
author describes the punishments which
were inflicted in various parts of Ger
many, in some cases up to a very re
cent period, with the object of humiliat
ing the culprit and exposing him to
public ridicule. A common punish
ment was that of going in procession
through the streets of a town or village
in a dress covered with images of
swords, whips, rods and other instru
incuts of corporal chastisement. In
Hesse .women who had beaten their
husbands were made to rido backwards
on a donkey, holding his tail, on which
occasions the animal was led through
the streets by the husband. This cus
tom existed in Darmstadt up to the
middle of the seventeenth century, and'
was so common that a donkey was kept
always ready for the purpose in the
capital and neighboring villages. If
the woman struck her husband in such
a manner that he could not ward
off the blow, the donkcv was led bv the
man who had charge of him ; if not
then by the husband himself. At St.
Goar, a miller was allowed a certain
quantity of wood from theforcst belong
ing to the town, in return for which he
was bound to supply a donkey to the
municipality whenever required for the
chastisement of a scoldiug wife. An
other very old custom was that of puu
ishing a henpecked husband by remov
ing the roof of his house, on the grouud
that "a man who allows bis wife to rule
at home does not deserve any protection
from wind and weather. It two wo
men fought in public they were each
put in a sort of closed sentry box
which only left their heads exposed
and then posted opposite toeach other in
the market place, where they re
mained face to face for an hour, butun
able to use hands or feet. A common
punishment for scolding women was the
' shameful stone," which was hung
round their necks. This stone was usu
ally in the shape of a bottle. At Ham
burg, libellers and slanderers were com
pelled to stand on a block and strike
thomsclves three times on the mouth
as a sign ot repentance. This oustom
still existed thirty or forty years ago.
In some towns the "shameful stone
was in the shape of a loaf, whence the
German saying "a heavy bit of bread"
(ein schwerer Bissen Brod.) At Lu
beck it was in tho sbapo of an oval dish,
and in other places in that of a woman
putting out her tongue, ouch stones
wero usually very heavy. Accordiug
to law of Dortmund and Halberstadt
(1348) they were to weigh a hundred
weight. Those who were wealthy
could purcnase exemption irom mis
punishment with a bag full of hops
tied with a red ribbon.
Here, then, he was before the people as
a republican candidato for Governor,
and was betraying that party by sup
porting the know-nothing candidate for
the same office. Of course, tho repub
lican party thus betrayed, was defeated ;
Gardiner was elected; and, upon the
meeting of the legislature, a few weeks
later, Wilson received 404 votes out of
408 for tho office of Senator, all tho
members except four being know-nothings.
There are several gentlemen in
tho city of Chicago who wore members
of the same order in Massachusetts, and
who participated in its proceedings
with Wilson ; and yet Mr. Wilson asks
Germans and others to vote for him,
when the following oath voluntarily ta
ken by him is ou record:
"In the presence of the True and
'vcr-Livinir God. and on His Sacred
Scriptures, His Holy Word, I do de
clare that I will truly fulfill all my ob-
igations toward my brethren of the or
der of know-nothings, and that I will
keep sacred all the signs.Itokeiis, pass
and degree words, grips, emblems, and
proceedings, etc. Aud I further de
clare aud solemnly swear, that I will
not knowingly vote for, nppoint, or
elect any person of foreign birth, or a
Roman Catholic, to any office in the
local or general administration of tho
American government. And i turther
declare aud swear that I will use all
the means in my power to counteract
and destroy the influence of foreigners
i u n...i.i: : i, ,i,:;a
nUU JhUUIUU VUlllUllia 111 ouunuio-
tration of tho Government of tho Uni
ted States, and in any and all parts
thereof, local nnd general. To all this,
a free and voluntary obligation on my
part, without reservation, I prny ever
to be ablo to remain truo aud steadfast,
so help me God."
Before taking this oatb, bo was thus
warned by the presiding officer of its
import:
"As a member of this patriotic lodge,
it will become your duty to disregard
all personal interests and predilections
in the service ot your country, m order
that the corrupt and evil influence of
foreigners may bo ellcctually combattcu
and destroyed ; and here it will bo un
derstood, tont of foreigners and ol Ho
man Catholics are included."
This is tho gentlemen who asks for
eigners and the sons of foreigners to
elect him Vice-President of the United
States.
while sick, told bis minister that ho had
been "visited by Mr. Gladstone 1"
" IHlrtf Gladstone ?' inquired tho rec
tor. "Why," replied the sick man,
"the only Mr. Gladstone. I used to
sweep his crossin': nnd one day he
missed me, and ho hears that I nm
sick, and so comes and sees me and ho
prays with nic." With such a man wo
can safely trust any negotiations oratiy
great question of moral right.
DECLINK OF THE WHALE
FISHERY.
According to tho New Bedford
'Standard', as quoted in the 'American
Chemist', tho whale fishery lnr 1871
was not by any means piolitablo. The
prices for Oil were reduced in conse
quence of tho competition of tho cotton-seed
oil, lard oil, petroleum, etc.,
while the expense of constructing and
fitting out vessels, ax well as the wages
ot seamen, have considerably increased.
Furthermore, the disaster of last fall
to tho Arctic fleet, which destroyed nil
but seven out of the forty vessels fish
ing there, has been a .'erious drawback
to success, especially in view of tho fact
that the romniniiig seven wero obliged
to leave in tho busiest season to carry
the ship-wrecked crews to Honolulu.
Thus there were brought iu only 3070
barrels of oil aud 27,981 pounds of
whalebone, against 57,285 barrels of
oil and 710, 550 pounds of whalebone
obtained by tho fleet in the previous
year.
The decline iu this business is shown
by the fact (hat while iu 1852 the arc
tic fleet consisted of 278 vessels, iu
1871 there were but forty vessels, seven
oi which only, as already stated, es
caped destruction. Tho. whaling fleet
of Hudson Bay and Cumberland Inlet
consisted of nine vessel, while there
were scattering vessels in other parts of
the ocean. The total catch of tho year
was about 41,000 barrels of sperm-oil,
70,000 barrels of wltalcoil, and 504,
811 pounds of whalebone. In all
there wero 2211 vesels engaged in the
fishery, of which 144 belonging to New
Bedford. It is estimated that nuly
about 1!!2 vessels will be employed in
1872.
TWO CHRISTIAN MEN IN ENG
LISH HIGn LIFE.
The first of whom we mention is
one of Great Britaiu's noble jurists
A correspondent of an exchange de
scribes hi in :
Sir Roundcll Palmer, the counsel
for England before the Geneva Board
of Arbitration, is as remarkable for
his piety as for his eminent legal at
tainments, ftotwsthstanding his im
mense professional business, ho found
time to compile and publish a book of
psalms, which, from tho beauty aud
fitness of its selection, has becomo fa.
vorably known and appreciated by ev
ery household of the faith of the
Church ofEngland. Besides, this he
conducts a liible class iu his parish
Church, aud in his school-room he is
to be found morning after morning, bo
fore he goes down to Winchester Hall
to take part iu the trial of some of the
most important causes that are heard
in the English courts.
Tho calm and consistent piety of Sir
Roundell Palmer has imparted
sincerity and earnestness to bis char
acter. There is said to bo soraethiug
in his manner, as he makes his argu
ment, that impresses the hearer with
tho conviction that ho is performing
a high moral duty, and enforcing right
and justice in the advocacy of his cause.
This is all the more effective because
his whole life seems to bo controlled
by his deep and earnest piety, to which
he subordinates professional ambition
and success. He is to-day the most
eminent lawyer of Great Britain ; and,
great as are his intellectual attain
ments, ho is highly esteemed by the
Christian people of England for his
excellent heart and fervent piety.
His life, which has been eminently
laborious and successful, well illustrates
tho power which a truly religious man
has to engage in Christian iabor oven
amid tho most pressing business en-
A VENERABLE MALLET.
Some doubt is entertained ai to
whether the mallet which was used re
cently by tho English Princess Mary
iu laying the foundation stono of the
Kingston church schools was used by
air Lhristopiier vrcn, as alleged, in
laying tho foundation stono of St
Paul's Cathedral. The mallet itself
bears the following inscription on a sil
ver plate : "By order of the M. W. the
Grand Master his Royal Highness the
Duke of Sussex, Sc.. Sc., and W. Mas
ter of the Lodge of Antiquity, nnd with
tho concurrence of tho brethren of the
Lodge, this plate has been engraved
and effixed to this mallet, A. i, 5831,
A. U.18 17, to commcmerate that this be
ing tho saroo mallet with which his
Majesty King Charles II. levelled the
foundation stone oi'St. Pauls Cathedral
5G77, A. D. 11)711, was presented to the
old lodge of St. Paul's now tho Lodge
of Antiquity, acting by immemorial
constitution, by brother Sir Christo
pher Wren, R. 'W. D. G. M., Worship
ful Master of this Lodge, and architect
of that cathedral." It is not disputed
that this is tho identical mallet used on
the occasion of laying the foundation
stone of St Paul's, nor is it denied that
it was subsequently in tho possession of
Sir Christopher Wron. Tho ouly ques
tiou is whether the mallet was used by
the architect himself, as stated by Deau
Milman in his "Annal i of St. Paul's,"
or whether tho stono was laid or "lev
elled" by Charles 1 1., as alleged by the
Jjodgo ot Antiqnity in tho above
quoted inscription.
MARRYING FRENCH NOBLE
MEN. In a Paris letter wo find a few hints
which will not be very pleasant to
young American ladies who go abroad,
if not with tho iutentiou to hunt, at
least to accept, a French nobleman,
should ono offer himself. By the writer
it is laid dowu as n pretty sure rule that
"Fronehmcu who sigh at the feet of
American heiresses aro the refuse of
the homo markets :" for French moth
ers are noted for being good match-
gagements. Probably no other man makers, where their daughters are con
MR. BIRD'S LETTER.
Some over-zealous friend of Senator
Wilson wrote to a committee of Ger
mans, in New York, a letter to which
he attached tho senator's name, iu
which ho made Wilsou deny that he
had ever been a member of the know
nothing party, and that he had ever
voted with it ; it made him say, also,
that ho had always opposed that pirty.
Senator Wilson has since branded this
letter ns a forgery. He could hardly
do less, as the fact of his membership
is too well known to thousands of per
sons in all parts of the country. But,
beforo Wilson's denial of the letter was
made publio, Mr. Frank W. Bird, of
Boston, whoso character is abovo ques
tion, aud who has been an able leader
in Massachusetts politics for years, ad
dressed Henry Wilson, through the pa
pers, the letter which wo print this
morning, No ono can any longer
have auy doubt of Henry Wilson's
membership in that party. It appears
that Henry Wilson, in 1854, was nom
inated by' the republican convention for
Uovernor ot Massachusetts; that subse
quently ho applied to a know-nothing
lodge, in Natick, and was rejected,
there being a rule of the order that no
man should be admitted to membership
who was a candidate for office, and not
nominated by the order. He then ap
plied to another lodge, in Bostou, and
was admiMi. W application having
been forwarded to the Grand Council,
which granted a dispensation, he agreer
ing to support tne xnow-noining eauui
in England is more occupied than Sir
Roundell Palmer. At tho head of the
English bar, with retainers yielding
him an income of mauy thousaud
pounds a year, and engaged in the
most difficult and important causes, he
yot finds time to teach a Bible class,
and to compile and publish books to
increase the religious devotion ot his
couutrymeu. Such a lifo is an exam
ple worthy of emulation ; and tho
youth of all lunds should see, in the
light of the dignity, piety, and success
of this emineut English lawyer, that
tho path to honor and famo is not
through the wild and sterilo way of
skepticism or indifferenco to the pro
fouudest truths that affect humanity,
but that religion and worldly honor go
hand in hand, even in this materialistic
age. And thoso who affect to believe
that amid the pressing cares of business
they have no tinio to devote to great
moral reforms, political progress, or
the claims of pcrsouai religion, may
also see in tho light of thi illustrious
example how easy it is to blend all these
together in ono harmonious and consis
tent lifo.
Tho second ease is that of England s
Premier. Dr. Cuyler, after visitiug
him. thus writes in the 'Observer :'
Ho receives bis guests with much of
the affable dignity ot Dauiol Webster.
I wish that I daro report the noblo ut
terances of tho great statesman during
his conversation ou the unhappy con
troversy now raging between tne two
nations. It was not only the utterance
of a true statesman, but of a true Chris
tian. I havo had the good fortune to
convene freely with some,of the most
eminent men of Britain and. America )
but no one' of them ever bo impressed'
cerncd, audlsccuro the dcsirablo sous-in
laws for themselves. Thero is a set of
marrvinc vonnc Frenchmen in Paris.
who have more debts than money" and
more title than honor, who have been
known to go so fur in, their hunt after a
rich wife that they havo had spies
posted at different pensidnt to watch for
American families with marriageable
daughters. And a case has been lately
1 1 lunlritifwl rr lui cnfflnjl In I mar iti
."WUlV IU WU PVkVlbU J J 1 1 IT i III
which tho lover had agreed with the
iHoitrcsse de ptntloU, tO Fccuro tho as
sistance of tliat convenient person, to
pay a cortaiu per' eeutage on his wifo's
fortune. After the marriago the bus
band was disposed to forget his prom
isc,butwas reminded by law to keep
it. All 'of which must have been very
pleasant to tho wife.
THE SWORD OF WALLACE.
The Countess of Loudoun and .Mr.
Hastings, with Lady Flora Hastings,
have arrived at Kilmarnock from Eng
land, ou their way to Louudon Castle.
Tho countess, wbo (says tho Glasgqw
JIvrahT) is always' welcome iu this
neighborhood, was doubly so ou this
oceusion, as her ladyship brought with
w.n ......
utir irum -cms1'1 m .? k..vv.
This sword has been preserved, iu Lou
doun Casfle from tho death of Wallace
until flvo years ba'cki whou' it was re
moved by the late Mainjuis of Hastings
to his seat iu Leicestershire. On the
death of tho marquis ju 1308 it passed
into the possession of the present coun
tess, who has just brought" it back to
its old how. It will.-.U remenbered
that the, mother pJyfajUaco waft
daughter of Loudoun! and that on tbe
death oi Mi uabli'J'SIiflleiHnsId Crtf
Ibrdjipf LoadwiH (haared by in
81
GATH1
WHI
Twenty
ot good sol
bushes rd
and barber
after, as Ol
the suuiina
cut, aud I
obscrvo thJ
cut at difj
formly tho I
when they I
ot August I
were most.
proceeding!
killed by
and the bl
large growl
never sec
stump or I
blackberry
ieate with!
aud aro nd
cut lato in
time. I al
tioncd is tl
by cutting!
bo more en
iagu drop
plant is grl
make a ni
Country
CHEF.
Tho lasi
diet is a rl
Here, agai
need nouttl
up, tne uul
soluto BCC
ners aro la
member,
ursi. ten
l VUV
u strong-
titular, i
iciiccd fnej
after thaM
'PR1 fowlM
they canul
in a yard ;
The Serf i
' large i
four, .or J
U often i
iDgChllJfJ
ketftkVp'al
becttl
haff-Mi

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