Newspaper Page Text
JOHN H. OBERLY, PUBLISHER.
CAIRO, ILLINOIS, SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1872.
SHADOWS OK SHASTA.
It It 1 1)1',.
TilR CHILI) OK A POBT'H 1.0 VK.
Wrinkled and brown as a buj,' of leather,
A smiaw lt mouliliiK l"x and low.
Yeitcrday she wax a wife and mother,
To-day "he i rocking tier to niidlYo,
A desolate widow In weedi and woe.
SiiiiK oftlie .Sierra.
ThuH wroto the wild pout of tlio
Sierra!), Joaquin Miller, but littlo did
the world kuow of the depth of mean
ing in these lines. Never did it dream
that thin squaw, who nut "rocking to
and fro, a desolute widow in weed and
woe," was his own clunky spouse. And
yet such seeins to have been the fact,
und in the Han Francisco 'Chronicle'
we have the whole of the wonderful
The writer tells uh that fifteen yearn
ago, on a little greou vulley on the
batiks of the Upper .Sacramento, there
dwelt a remnant of the once powerful
tribe of Tascbastas. But little i.s
known of the hihtory of the tribe ex
cept that they were far above the av
erage California Indian in all that in
vests the aboriginal character with sen
timent and romance. They were wild,
fierce and exceedingly warlike, and for
years hod held in undisputed possess
ion the region overlooked by the kuow
capped dome of Mount Shasta. The
memory of thin tribe has been immor
talized by a wild, wicrd, romantic
poem from the pen of Oregon's long
haired versifier Joaquin Miller who,
in his youth spent nearly a year in
their company, residing in the wigwam
of tho chief and fishing and hunting
with the young warrior. This roman
tic incident in the life of the .Sierra
songster is not generally known ; but
when tho fact are fully recorded hie
admircr will be at no lois to account
for the inspiration which guided hi
pen through the mazed of poetic
thought and mournful fancy which gave
birth to "The last of the Tascbastas."
TIIK I'OKT'S KIllsT I.OVK.
Here it was that Miller first felt the
awakening of the tender passioii,and here
it was that he first aroused into being
the love of one who clung to him even
unto death. .She was a dark-eyed, raven-haired
creature, with a wealth of
love and affection which she lavished
upon the adventurer. Joaquin Miller's
treatment of this poor savage girl re
flect but little credit upon the soul
of no iutense a being as he. It finds a
parallel in his subsequent demeanor
towards the fairer-haired and more cul
tured being who bears his name and
shares fat a distance) the glory that is
his. The two incident confirm the
itiiprcssiou that, alter all, poets can do
very mean things in a very prac
TIIK nitVT MKKTINtl.
Ah the story goes, Miller was at one
time a stockherder, or something of
the kind, in .Siskiyou county. One day
in attending to gome cattle in the sou
thern part of the county, he came
across a party of three young Indians.
Believing that they were ou a cattle
stealing expedition he fired at them to
frighten them away, but unfortunately
they didn't scare worth a cent, and in
about two minutes the young disciple
of cattle herding and poetry fouud him
self bound hand and foot, and with an
ugly bullet hole through the fleshy
part of his leg. The next morning be
fore day-break he was in the Indian
camp a prisoner. Not knowing what
was to be his fate, bliud with anger
und mortification, and suffering in
tensely from his wound. Miller lay
upon his blanket the very picture of
It was while he was in this condition
that ho first met the woman who was
to exercise such an influence upon his
TIIK INDIAN MAIDEN.
She was the daughter of the old
ctief of the tribe, young not over
eighteen and as beautiful as an angel's
dream. Miller, in his poem, draws the
following picture of her:
Hard by stood the war elder's daughter,
Taller than the tnell'd eorn,
Kweiiter than the kin ol mornllij:,
Had a oiiio sweet star or morn,
Half defiant, half forlorn,
Itohcd In skins of Hilpud panther,
Lining loosely to the air,
WIUi a faee a idmde of sorrow,
And black eyes that said, Hew are !
Nettled In a ntorin of hair.
With Iter striped robes around her,
Kasten'il by all ougle's beak,
Stood she I))' til" stately ehleltalli,
l'rolld and mire as Shasta's peak.
Her eyes were black, her faee wax brown,
Her breast were bare, mid thein fell down
Ktich wealth of hair, It uliiiot hid
'''be two, in its rich Jetty fold
Which I had sometime fain forhlu ;
They were richer, fuller far
Than any polished bronzes arc.
And richer hued than any (old.
On her brown anus and her brown hand
Were hoops of koIiI und gulden bands,
Hough-hammered from tho virgin oils
so heavy they eould hold no more.
PITY TIIKN I.OVK.
Tho maiden naw tho captivo and
straightway her heart went out in pity
for his Buffering. She unloosened his
fastenings, dressed his wounds, and
leaded with her father for his safety.
Ipr efforts were not in vain. For days
and, days she was unremitting in hor
attention, and Jfimjuess, and in a inqtith
Millar's wound, waspntirely healed,
and ho bethought him of his future.
The tribe, through tho intercession qf
the girl, offered him a sufp conduct
back to his cattle herd, but some
stiango invisible power seemed to hold
him, and weeks went by, fiuding him
at thoir close still a guest of the 'J'asclias
ta, lie kuow tho girl loved him
wildly, and ho knew also that to loave
her would cost him a bitter pang, so
he lingorod on, oven against his better
great deal of inner satisfaction. The
love of the two ripened fast hers faster
than his for in her wild imaginings
she looked upon him as her Ood
and worshipped him accordingly. .She
taught him u dialect by which they
could exchange their thoughts and give
expression to tho heart ytarningH
which overwhelm them. Ho taught
her a few snatches of his first lovo
songs and instructed her in the first rtt
diluents of the English tongue, lie
filled her mind with glowing pictures
of civilization, far beyond the mighty
range of snow covered mountains in
the cast, and she listened with absorb
ing interest to all he told her of the
great world, of which she knew so little
and he so much.
TIIK IOHKST NUPTIAL.
And so the green summer wore
away, and gave place to golden autumn.
Joaquin still lingered inthe .hospitable
wigwam, with no other thought but to
bask in the sunlight of the Indian maid
en's smiles. She had bewitched him
with her artilcss grace and bewildered
his ruusou witu the passionate love she
so fieely gave him. As for him, he
was all in all for her, her life, her world,
her d'od. .She had no word for any
but the pale faced, long haired stranger,
and no thought for aught save his wel
fare and happiness. And so ono day
they were married. Not within the
massive stone walls of a splendid ca
thedral, with a gorgeously surpliced
priest to mumble over the few formal
words which society has set up as
a moral safeguard, but beneath the
broad branches of a mighty oak, with
no eye save that of the !reat Spirit
upon them, nor any voices save those
of the chirping beetle and the silver
toned birds to bless their union. .Mil
ler in later years has told us this about
the bridal 'guest. and the wedding fes
"The lilll were brown, the heaven- were
A woodpeeker iioiinded a pine topfhell,
While a pnrtrldce ulil-tli'd the whobi day
Kor a rabbit to dance in the rbnpiiaral,
Andagrev grouse drummed, "All'- well!
All's wll J"
TIIK Ul.OItlOfS IIONKVMOO.V.
Tor the next month there was but
one heaven for Joaquin Miller, and
that was inside the old chiefs wigwam.
The frosts came and the young war
riors made up hunting parties to go oir
and secure the winter's supply of pro
visions, but Miller refused, on all oc
casions, to accompany them. He sat
for hours at a time gazing into the
liquid depths of his dusky partner's
great dark eyes, and had no joy, no
happiness, save when in her presence.
The old chief soon became aware of
the turn in his domestic affairs, but he
seemed to view the matter with a very
philosophical sense. He treated Miller
well, mid regarded him as affection
ately as a father could his own sou, al
though he wondered that the pale face
could so long content himself away
from his home and kindred. The win
ter came and went und still Miller lin
gered by the side of his forest bride,
though an interested observer would
have looked in vain for the same pas
sionate devotion that held sway in the
Their love had crossed the meridian
of happiness, and the young couple had
beguu to look each upon the other as n
matter of course. A quiet indifference
sprang up ou his part, which boded
no good to the confiding child of nature
who had placed her trust in him her
fate in his keeping. He no longer sat
at her feet or pillowed his head in her
lap at eventide, but sat apart gazing
into vacancy, bin thoughts far, far
away among the ranched of Siskiyou,
or tho pleasures of the City by the Sea,
He longed for a change, and began to
look upon the possibility of a separa
tion from his jbride with a feeling a
kin to satisfaction. The wife saw all
this, hut in her innocence saw nothing
to give her alarm. Besides she already
felt something which, when told her
lord, she knew would fill his very soul
with joy, and draw her closer to him.
THE CIIII.I) OF A POKT'H I.OVK.
One night there was a great commo
tion in the wigwam. The old chief and
the long-haired poet were both hustled
out in the midnight air and left to
shiver in the gloom of early morn.
Troops of Indian women,
"Wrinkled and brown as bags of leather,"
Hurriedly passed in and as hurriedly
iiassed out again, Anxious looks und
lurried whimper passed between them,
and mysterious cercmonios seomod to
be going on within tho sacred portals.
As tho sun lifted its golden halo above
the snow-broastod oliffs of the sierras,
a plainttvo wail grated curiously, nay,
perhaps, a littlo harshly upon tho eager
ear of a palo. faced listonor without. In
another hour an old woman appeared
in tho doorway and bcokoned to Miller
that ho might enter. Ho wnut iu and
anxiously approached the low bod
where lay enrappod in a fancifully
wrought blanket the littlo piuk-facod,
blackeyed token of his early passion.
And now Joaquin became still more
desirous of putting an end to tho ro
mance of tho past year and return onco
more to tho scenes of his former life.
His was a restlesss, roving, dissatified
disposition, and tho sentiment of his
passion gone, it could no louger brook
a humdrum existonco in the wild homo
of tho forest.
"His watf uncommon mould ofinliid,
'J"t I" another laud and scene,
HI reckless, restless will hail b I
A curse of blessing to Ids kind."
Ono day ho quietly went up to his
dusky mate and told or ts was going
on a visit tg bit friends in Siskiyou.
'J'oars stood in hor groat dark oyes as
tho aiiuouiicoiiiout full upon hor ours,
for something within her soeumud to
1 ! U ...til. I,. ..tt.nl
HUi VyIWUUI kjUf mill li iiititu iijjjujui
her away from him, and giving only
ono look at his little dusky daughter,
strode out into the sunlight and wended
his way toward tho north.
That, so far as is known, was the last
that Joatiuiu Miller ever saw of his
lor mercy, sue tnrcw ncr arms wiuny J no eastern pari oi mo cuiuce is con- i no vtation nus tno loiiowmg no- j wire from n reel on one side, and turns east wind blows he can turn up his coat
about hitn and sobbed as if her heart sidercd to bo of peculiar grandeur. . count of a curiosity, illustrating the out perfectly finished and polished pins i collar, button himself up snugly, slouch
would break. Hut it tnado no differ- ( Tho Chapel of Houry IV is celebrated j wonderful instinct of birds, which may ou the other side, at the rate of 105 his hat over his oyes, thrust his hands
onco. Miller was determined to go, for the simplicity and elogance of its be seen in tho Museum of lirown Uni- per minute, 0,000 per hour or 00,000 into his pockets and brave the weather,
and, kissing her brow, he gently put I design. The shrine of Heckct is be- versify, at Providence : ' per day. Forty of the, machines in ' Hut imagino n woman removintr her
tawny, forest bride. Years passed t ccdcnco as first 1'eor of the realm next of instinct, so-called, and to bo clearly,
away, lie met, wedded and deserted the royal family. He crowns the sov-' referable to reason. A bird had built
the lady whoso letter in recital of her ereign in Westminister Abbey, and, I her nest in n tree, hanging from a slcn
wrongs has made her as famous in lit-1 among other privileges, confers degrees ' dcr branch, not much larger than a
e rat u re as the poet himself; but he . in divinity, law and physic. His juris- pipestem, which grew out of n small
never again acknowledged the Indian diction embraces twenty Suffragan ; limb about hull' an inch in diameter,
woman, who. out of the depth of hor 1 Bishops, and his diocese covers 258 Passing over the use of strings, wound
threat love, had borne him a child. Not '
a great while ago that little child, born
iu the forest gloom, came into his pos-
session. How exactly, when or where,
docs not appear, but it is living und
calls Joaquin Miller "father." Hhu is
now fifteen years old and is living iu
.Sun Francisco, fcupported from the
poet's purse. She is described as strik
ingly beautiful. She has her mother's
deeji, dark eyes, and wealth of raven
hair, and her father's clear Caucasian
skiir Hurueighbors call her the beau
tiful Spanish girl, for they know not
her romantic history ; but to her own
immediate friends she is known as the
poet's gifted child.
.Miller to say that
It is but jutico to
he is exceedingly
loud ol her, and does everything in his episcopal chair and the stone seats an
power to make her comfortable and i cicntly used by tho monks.
happy. He has provided for her edu- '
cation, and she already shows traces of
that genius which has made her father MISCELLANEOUS.
laiuous ami uerseu prouu ami nappy hi
be called his, though the child of love (
TIIK LAST TASCIIASTAS.
Of her mother nothing is known.
The child herself has but little reeol
lection of her, and says the only pic
ture she can recall of her early years in
the memory of a sad, sad faee, and a
weary, desolate home iu a hut ou the
banks of the Sacramento.
"Wrinkled and brown as a bat; of leather
A tiav sit moaning long and low,
Ye-U-rday she wa a wife and mother,
To-day she h rocking her to and fro.
A deolate widow In Weeds and woe.''
CANTERBURY CATJIEDRA I..
Canterbury is the premier Archi
episcopal See of England. When St.
Augustine arrived in Britain, 51)7, he
found traces of a Christian people and
indications ol tueir worsuip. joiner
bert, who was then King of Kent, as
signed Augustine a home iu the Island
nt 'I hntKit vhnrn twitinH nti i n f nrt'lntir I
. . ..W- ....w ..v.. !
ltl HiA unlit nlt.in tulimlt llA nAOIIHMAll
him to reside in tho City of Cantebury,
which was the metropolis of all his do
minions. There was, says Bede, at that
time, on the east side of the city, a
church dedicated to the honor of St.
Martin, built whilo the Romans were
still in the island. St. Augustine was
"informed that this church had been
built by the ancient Roman Christians,
and consecrated to the name of our
Holy Savior God and Lord Jesus
Christ, and there established a residence
for himself and his successors.
n . .1.- r !...:..
ciuvti vivii;u tim luuuuauuu ui mi;
Church of St. Peter and Paul, aud en
.1... i . ...:.u :.. i j
uiiviiu ill,: ,-i it ,11,11 .iiiiiiiia iiitiuLa ui
land. Augustine died 005, and his
body was deposited "close by the '
Church of the Apostles.'1 Hero also
were buried Ethelbcit and his Queen,
Bertha. Iu 019 Millitus, the third
Bishop in the see, improved the origi
nal structure, and saved the edifice
from a calamity similar to that which
we record to-day.
Eedc describe the I
"It happened that
tho City ot Cauteruury, bciug by care
lcssuessset on fire, was in danger of be
ing consumed by the spreading of the
conflagration. Water was thrown upou
the fire in vain. A considerable part
of the city was already destroyed, and
the herce name advanced toward
Bishop, when he, confiding in tho Hi
vino assistance where human failed,
ordered himself to be carried toward
the raging fire. (The old man was
suffering from an attack of the gout
of which he died.) The church of four
crowned martyrs was in the place where
the liie raged most. Tho bishop, being
carried thither by his servants averted
the danger by prayer. Immediately
the wind, which, blowing front tho
south, had spread tho conflagration
through tle city, turning to tho north,
prevented tho destruction of thp sacred
editjee, and tho flaincs were immc
d'mtply extinguished." Militus died
qii 2th April, Q2-1, aud was buried iu
tho monastery. His successors added
to tlo original edifice, which was liber
ally endowed by the reigniug sover
eigns, Duustan was JJishop ofthis see,
as was Stigaud Iinfrauc, who rebuilt
and enlarged tho edifice. Ausclm aud
tho celebrated Thomas aud Rcoket.
This unscrupulous prolate attempted to
rival tho king, and aped tho show of
royalty, Jlo was usually tittonded liy
and men ut
hundred barons, knights I
arms ; two hundred and
fifty boys went beforo him singing
songs houuds and horses swellod tho
train of the proud churchman, und we
are told that tho calvacado was "succee
ded by twelve stumper horses, ou each
of which rode a moukey, with a groom.
In a moment of passion tho king ex
pressed a wish to be of u Bcckct, und
some officious followers took tho hint
and dispatched the Archbishop at tho
foot of tho altar." Local suporstition
made a martyr of Ieoket, and wo tiro
told tat'thp payeiu'ent in front of his
gorgeous shrino was worn into hollows
by the knees of innumerable pilgrims.
Tho humiliating penance to which
Henry afterward submitted is u limttor
of ljistory. a 1174 tho church was
again destroyed by tiro, flervaiso, a
mqiik of tho diocese, nud, an oyo wit
ness, describes tho conflagration. The
present building bciug coustrnotod at
tlifTeront periods, und each addition par.
taking of tlio then prevailing stylo, is a
mixture of what is known ns thu Saxon
' iti lAUno In tl.n V.,.i..n.. 1
uuu uiu inu iwnvin in inu iiuiuiuu ntj iu.
hind the high altar. The wholo length '
of the building within the walls is 511 '
I feet. Cardinal I'olo, Cranmer,
'tho unfortunate Laud, and 1
the celebrated Tillotsea, filled the See
of Canterbury. The Archbishop is
J'nmate ot all r.ngland, and takes pre-
parishes, besides 100 parishes iu other 1
The spacious crypt beneath tho
thcdral is used as a church by the .
endowed, are attached to the church.
The old "Chccqucrs"Inn, immortalized
by Chaucer, is in the neighborhood.
The poet was fined two shillings for
beating n Franciscan frier "within the
precinct." The precinct oovers an
area of three-quarters of u mile in cir
cumference, and contains within its
limits a library with a valuable collec
tion of books, and a cabinet of (! reek-
and Roman coins, u chaptcr-houso and '
other offices appurtenant to the Cnthe-1
iMany interesting objects are I
within the buildings, the old
JENKINS GOES TO A PICNIC.
Maria Ann recently determined to
go to a picnic.
Maria Ann is my wife unfortun
She had planned it to go alone, so
far as I was concerned, on that picnic
excursion ; but when I heard it I de
termined to assist. She pretended she
! was very glad, but I dou't believe she
"It will do you good to get away
from work a day," she said, "aud we
shall so much enjoy a cool morning
ride ou the cars and dinner in the
Ou the morning of that memorable
day Maria Ami got up at five o'clock.
About threc m;tluN.s (atcr.hc disturbed
me, and told me to come out to break
fast. I told her I wasn't hungry, but
it didn't make a bit of difference, I
na(J ,0 j,., J,,,, slu,
no idea the sun commenced business so
early iu the morning, but there he was.
"Now," said Maria Ann, "we must
fly around, for they start at half past
six. Eat all the breakfast jou can,
for you wou't net anythitii; before
1 could not eat anything at that
time iu the morning, aud it was just
as well that I could not, for I had nil
1 that I could do. There was
ice to be pounded to go around the
. :i p : i .i... i
pan ut ivc cream, auu ine suuuwiunes
n , , . .
vui, u.iu i iuuuiii i uuui niiuiuu
n a uiu icun ui uiu uuivivuu tu uiai l. i
could geUhe cover ou tho big basket. 1
. . , .. . r
ii . uiu ie'r3 ui uiu uiiieiveu su uiai
... .. . ...
Am. l ew aroumt and piled up
" . , . p
rectious to the girl
of the hou
ure.-s all at ouce. 1 Here is
deal of energy iu that woman
a trifle too much.
At twentv minutes nar-t six I stood
011 "I0 P Wlt a baHet on o)o arm, (
auu ,Jarw A,m. s . waterpraoi on the
ui hu i iiijv (i 1 1,1 11 ituuvi auu
a bottle of vinegar in my coat skirt
pocket, There was a camp chair hung
on mo somewhere too, hut I forgot just
I "Now," said Matin Ann, "wo must
run, or we shall not catch tho cars.
; "luaria, said l, "that is an unrea-1
I sonblc idea. How doyouoxpect I can
run with all this freight V" i
"You must, you brute. You al
ways try to tease me. If you don't i
want a scene on the street you will I
So I ran.
I had ono comfort at last. Maria
Ann fell down and broke hor para
sol. She called me a brute again for
laughing ut hor. Maria Ann drove me
all tho way to thu dppot on a brisk
trot, atd wo got on, tho cars j but nei
ther of us got a seat und I could not
find a place whero I could set the
things down, so. 1 stood there aud held
"Maria," said , how is this for a
cool morning ride V"
Said sho :
"You are a brute, Jcukins,"
'Said 1 1
"My love, you have mndu that obser
I kept my courage up, yet I know
thero would be uu hour of warmth when
wo got homo. Whilo wo woro
out of the ears tho bottle iu my
pocket got broko und consequently 1
hud my boot full of vinegar all day.
Thafkept mo pretty quiet ; and Maria
Ann ran off with a big whiskered
musio teacher, aud lost her fun, and
got hor feet wet, ami toro her dress,
and enjoyed herself so much, after the
fashion of picnio goers. And Maria
culled me a pig becauso 1 wanted to
opeu our basket beforo any of tho vot
of tho baskets woro opened,
At Inst dinner time came tho "nico
dinner in the woods," you know. Over
threo thousand little red ants had got
into our diuncr, and they were worso
to pick out haq fish bones. The 190
cream hud melted,' and thero was no
vinegar for the cold meat excopt what
was in, uiy hoot, aud of course that was
of no iiniiicdiatousp. Tlte muRic toaohor
Bpillcd a oup of cqffo on Maria's head,
and pulled ol) the frizzled out trying to
wipe off the ooffeo with his handker
qluef. ThenJL sat on a raspberry pie
t . 1 I . Mtl I . . ' . . ii. . I 71 i . .w - . . - .
ana spot loci my wnuo pants, anq con
A WONDERFUL BIRD'S-NEST.
"Among other objects of interest in I
the museum are several thousand spec-
iniens of birds, together with a good
showing of nests, and among the latter
is tho curiosity of w hich wo speak. It '
appears to reveal an act of intelligence
and knowledge entirely above the plane
arouud tho branch, tho ends of which
were incorporated in tho nest, to assist i
iu holding it supouded, and which is
no new expedient m ncst-ijuiiduig, we
wish to call attention to a remarkable
device of this bird to meet an unexpec
ted emergency. After the nestlings
were hatched, and had grown well to
ward maturity, their increasing weight
revealed the weakness of tho brunch,
and the mother birds seems to have
becomo alarmed for the safety of her
brood. What should she do? The
cae might well have seemed remediless
to a creature necessitated, as we nro told,
to work iirnorantly and blindly iu a
prescribed routine, over which she had
no control. Sho had found her mistake
in selecting so siciiuer a branch to sup
j port her house and cradle, ami must
t nave been appalled by the threatening
( consequences. But 'instinct,' or else
good sense, came to her assistance.
She had some knowledge of the func-
nuns ui a string, oi us piiaiiiniy, anu
of the mode of attaching it to u twig
by winding it round and round, and,
perchance, of tucking under the end
to prevent uncoiling, a convenient
substitute for a knot. But it was nec
essary to advance n long step beyond
this ; aud, after tying one end of the
string to the branch which supported
tho nest, to carry up tho other to the (
main branch, and tie that also, as well ,
as stretcti it tight, i, uuiu a tiny bird
! effect this process of reasoning? If
i she could, was the act itself within the
compass of her physical powers, with ,
but a beak and talons in the place of
hands ? This is tho precise remedy the
bird got at and carried into cxectttiuu. j
The nest itself atttosts and records the I
fact. All we kuow of it we take from I
this witness. To savo her little family
she sought and found a piece of twine
several iuchos iu length, wound it scv-1
oral times around the branch outside of
i. ... .i i i i
!.., no,l;.i i". 1
branch, over which she drew it as tight I of ' Hlt-cellnr ' o face and its appendages,
as she was able, and wound it around I "1(luia' 1 he p'y Mmco that we . After tho board had been taken off
several times until it held firmly. Thus, I w.oro are of, eonsisted m the em-1 and it was done in a very short time
as a buy, it supported the slender I Payment of bleached wax, costing then 'o barber took a bug, sharp, needle
hrnnnii tirith itu rktrn crrnnntli ntwi trt. I
with its own strcii"th and nro-1
vented it from breaking under the I
weight of the nest and its occupants, ch cake. 1 hough these cakes were
The professor in charge of the museum ! tho" oaBi c,ther PInlH .or "f a
himself took the nest from a tree ot. or 1 r!""3 L' .ors' wc presume it was the
near his own prembcs. Ho should ' r,bbo1" 'improvement that added so
havo it photographed, aud send the pic larSoly .tho commercial value of the
turo to the 'Naturalist,' with a precise muoh "d"red little workbasket unpen
and minute description, aud then should ' dak'u as ,"1adu 11 f",d " wady market at
AA i i r . .1 I LI 1
?U.nd P"t'cularly tO he probable oh-
tfWmn Hint unino Lrinrl TioiNnn mil tno
jeetion that some kind person did the
mother-bird the service of making a
safe nest safer."
PERPETUAL WE AT II Ell
The following was sent to onu of the
widely circulated iournals of the day
In- Mr .T Pnnl Tml
it was constructed by thu celebrated
j)r. Uer&cliol, upon a jiluloftOpluc con
sidcration ol the sun and moon. It is
confirmed by the oxporioneo of many
years' observation, and will suggest to
tho observer what kind of weather will
probably follow tho moon's entrance
into any of her quarters. As n general
rule it will bo found wonderfully cor
If the moon changes at 12 o'olock
uoou, the weather will bo immediately
afterward very rainy, if in summer, and
there will be snow and rain iu winter.
If between - and I o'clock p.m.,
changeable in summer fair and mild
Between A and 0 o'clock, p.m., fair
in both summer and winter.
Between 0 and 10 o'clock, p.m. ; in
summer fair, if tho wind is northwest ;
iu winter fair and frosty, if north or
northwest ; rainy, if south or southwest.
Between 10 and V-J u'olnok, p.m.,
fair iu smumor and frosty iu winter.
lletween IU at night ami 2 o'clock,
a. 111. ; fair iu summer and frosty in
winter, unless the wind U from tho
south or Koutliwust,
Between 'J aud -1 o'clock, a.m. ; cold
and showery in tlio summer aud snow
and storm iu winter,
lletwoou d and 0 o'olock, a.in, ; wind
ami rain iu tho summer aud stormy in
Between 0 and 8 o'clock 11,111. ;
changeable iu summer, rain, with a
westerly wind and snow, with uu east
erly wind iu winter.
Botwoen 10 nnd 12 o'clock, jj.m;
showery iu summer, and cold and windy
HOW PINS ARE MADE.
A correspondent of tho Boston Dally
Xem thus calls attontion to tho pin
factory iu Winstcd, Conn., which turns
out two million plus a day :
I wonder some poetical genius has
not immortalized himself before now
rehearsing in heroic verse the exploits
of ono of these leaping, laughing
streams, as it goes rushing down from
its source iu the mountain tops to tho
peaceful bosom of tho Connecticut.
There is no cud to tho versatility of its
operations, and no limit to the amount
of its product. Toko, for iusttmce tho
stream that goos down tho orgo by
Winsted aud Colliiisvillo. In a smglo
mile, us ittumblosthrough Winsted, it is
ipadu to elaborate uu ondless variety of
artiolos to bo distributed all over tho
the touch of human hands, takes the J
the little chamber turn out two million ,
per day. The most curious part of thin
machinery is for sticking them in pa-1
pcrs. It is not permitted to nnvhodv
to see it, and of course it can only be
known by its works. We arc told that i
the pins are thrown by the bushel into i her bauds into hor pockets I She would
n hopper, hclterskelter, and the machine , be taken for an improper character out
straightens them out, parades them in on a mild spree, or for an escaped in
regular ranks of twenty each, crimps mate of a lunatic asylum, should she on
tho strips of paper lor them, punches deavor by any impromptu arrange
them into it, and semis them along, ment of her habiliments to save her
We can only see tho strips ns they , health. From thr Scinur llenllli.
come uown iiirougu a crevice in t lie
ceiling with their battalions nil in ret;
ular order, without touch ol hand.
Tho chief manual labor of tho wholo
process is putting
up in grosses
One would think the world would
bo pinned nil together; but thanks to
somebody's carclessnc-'s, they say tho
demand is inereii-iiiL' !
HOW TO CTIM.I-: WAX.
A correspondent of the 'American dred years, when the bark of the paper
Hee Journal' writes as follows : "liees- ' mulberry canio into use ns a snhstiiutn
wax is limited pretty regularly iu the
in tho price currents, as worth- thirty
live to forty cents per pound.
means in large cakes of pure
weighing several pounds apiece.
price would hardly pay a man for get
ting it out, it he had anything
anything else to
ay be worth thir-1
do. A ton ot iron m
ty or forty dollars ; but converted into
steel, nml made up into needles, it
would be worth probably 8200,000.
On a small scale, beeswax may be sim
ilarly increased in value aud made 1
worth much i e than forty cents per 1
pound, simply by converting it into
small cakes of a size such as every wo-
man wants in her work basket. Look-
ing about the hou-o the other evening '
for a mould of suitable size, I found a
dozen small glass salt cellars, having a ,
cavity about an inch deep, which 1 im-
mediately made use ol casting nearly
two hundred small cakes ot wax.
weighing about sixty to the pound.
They would no doubt detail' readily
at five cents apiece, or threo dollars
per pound aiiiidvanco ol six hundred
percent. They can bo cast and cooled
rapidly, aud the moulds used over and
over again, care being taken to giease
them properly before each casting."
To this the editor adds : "We have
known beeswax to be thus 'utilized'
more than twenty years airo, and for
tno same nurnoso exactly, tnoiiuii to
"'"ch greater profit, and by means, too,
clf'luy ccl"9 llur pound, and tlio wiser-
Uo" of? II!"?W fuspensory ribbon in
tun ui ihumc uuiur, uauii , ui , ui. uiu
rate of six or eight dollars per pound.'
Their value a by no means
ciatcd, but the rapidity with
whieh people are waking up tu their necess
ity aud usefulness is 0110 of tho signifi
cant signs of the times. Few families
are now content with a sitiglo newspa
per. Thu thirst for knowledge is not
easily satiated, and books, though use- dried the skm with towels, and de
ful yea, absolutely neccseary in their , dar"1 that his work was done. Price,
place, fail to meet tho demands of , ' wo cents.
youth or ngc. Tho village newspaper
is eagerly sought and its contents us
eagerly devoured. Then comes tho do- (
maud for the county news, stute news,
national and loroigu news. -Next to
political come the literary, aud then
the scientific journal. This variety is
demanded to satisfy the craviugs of
the active mind, 1
Newspapers aro also valuable to ma
terial prosperity. They advertise the
village, country or locality. Thoy 1
spread before tho reader u map on 1
which may bo traced character, design,
progress, If a stranger calls at a ho
tel he first inquires for a villago news
paper: if a friend couios from a dis
tance, the very next thing after a fam
ily greeting, he inquires ibr your vil-
lagu or county newspaper, and you feel j
discomtittcd if you aro unable to find a ,
late copy, and eonfouiulod if you aro I
compelled to say yuu dti not tako it. 1
Tho newspaper U just us necessary to
tit a man lor ins true position 111 1110
as food or raiment. Show us a rugged,
barefoot boy rather than uu ignorant
one, His head will cover his feet iu
after life if ho is woll supplied with
newspapers. Miow us tlio child that is
eager for newspapers. Ho will make
the man of mark iu after life if you
gratify that desire 'for knowledge.
Other things being equal, it is a rule
that never fails, fiivo the childron
THE MIES.S OP CIVILIZED WO
MEN. I do deolnro that I think it would bo
better to die nnd get ol'torinont ut once
than to have to rise every morning for
some fortv or fiftv years and box ones
ones leei into suoes 11 iiumuer wu
n . ..... ..1 1 .
small, and wit of tho right shape, and
with heels liko stilts ; und then set
about doing tho wholo duty of women
with a cheerful fnco and a spry air, for
from fifteen to seventeen mortal hours
out of tho twenty-four? That there
aro so muny wouiou who aro not fright
ened into a decline at such a prospect,
and that thoy bravely undertake to do
t nav. more, that tney even ureain
that under such disadvantages thoy can I
body up in u sort ol oompressivu armor, 1 - i ;j :aY" f hia w.
hauiMYoights ,0 ones hips and more to this subject. 1 lie gist of his con
eigl. s upon the head which lust are elusion is contained 11. this brief ex
s.ni.orted by the roots of the hair j put tract: "Ifa visitor passing through a
his clothing from his shoulders. If the
hat or bonnet from the angle at which
fashion says sho must wear it on ac
count of the weather, or turning any of
her "fixtures" up to protect her neck
and throat, or buttoning up anything
that was unbuttoned hernm. or stiekini?
1'aper-makinL' amotiL' the .Innanese 1 ....i
lias reached a degree of art nnequaled ,jcm.
prouauiy uy any people in tlio world.
According to their own account they
wrote on silk, faced with linen, and
also on thin wood shavings, till near
the end of the third century of our
era. At that tinio paper was first im
ported from Corca, and, superseding
tho home-made fabric, monopolized
the market tor more than three huti
mulberry canio into use as a substitute
lor all other material, and lias contin
ued iu use to the present day. From
this and from trees and shrubs having
fibrous barks the Japanese manufacture,
it is said, no less than two hundred
I and sixtv-thrcc kinds of rmnor. while
they have several plants from tho roots
or seed or sap of which they extract a
superior sizing lor the surface of the
sheet. And now from paper wo are
told that they make pocket-handkerchiefs,
water-proof overcoats, pails, kot-
ties, and even saucepans, which
safely used over charcoal fires.
what we would call writintr nanor thov
have an immense number of styles
some for deeds and public documents,
some for letters, some for notes, and
four distinct kinds to bo used only for
poetry aud songs. Thero are also kinds
tor umbrellas, hats, lanterns, candle-
wick, and drcsstnt' dolls, aud special
kinds used only as wrappings for
. . .
various styles of religious, social
HOW THEY SHAVE IN CHINA
a lenow who lias been shaved
China says that his barber first stroped 1 11?
the r.i7nr nti liia Imr nml limn .lt.1 tin. P"
...w. .... .W. IIIV .
tdlfivilwr iv itlmn ni' l..il..it. Ti.m ... I SO in;
rninnr rnmnnut ro f ml tint tvna 13111
,w'vi iviiiuii.iiiutvil) uiu i a. l Wilt IllUk I
the lather was entirely useless, and had aKcnt
a tendency to make the hair stiff and I,0,at'
tough, and was, therefore, never used '
by persons who had any knowledge
""apeu spoon, anu iiegan to explore his
customer's cars. He brought up from
numerous Ittlo crevices bits of wax and
dirt, that had been accumulating since
his childhood. The barber suddenly
twisted his subject's neck to one side in
such a manner that it cracked as it the
, vertebnu had been dislocated.
"Hold on I" shouted the party,
alarmed. for the safety of his neck.
1 "All right!" replied the tensor;
''mo no hurt you ;" and he coutinud
to jerk and twist the neck until it was
, its limber as an old lady's dishrag.
i Ho then fell to beating the back,
1 breast, arms and sides with his fists,
l t lien he pummelled tho muscles until
they fairly glowed with the beating
1 they received. Ho then dashed a
I bucket of cold water over his man,
l'he 'Scientific American' records
1 the change of ono of the "impossibili
1 tics of the past into a reality." Geo.
Itobiuson, M. I)., of New York, basin
vented a mode of sawing or cutting
, wood without saw or axe, by electric
ity. The galvanic current when passed
over planitum wiro iu sufficient quan
tity heats the wire to white heat. This
wire thus heated does the work of saw
or axe, without any appreciable expen
diture of muscular force. By arrang
ing tho wires with handles or other
means, by which it may bo guided, any
kind of lumber whether iu trees, logs
or plunk may bo cut as desired. The
battery need be only of the simplest
kind, as quantity not intensity of cur
rent is required. A child by this means
may fell tlio largest tree in the forest.
divide it into log, or cut it into boards,
without saw or uxe. Only think of it I
I Tho idea of cutting down a hugo pine
tree with a wirel Some wiseacre stands
, up and declares : "I dou't beliove it. It
can't be done," but such should renieni
t her that they talked just so when the
telegraph was projected. It is only
nnother proof thut the impossibilities
of to-duy nro tho scientific facts of to
morrow. EliRORS IN PHILOLOGY.
"Such" is seemingly a very innocent
and convenient, if uot a very handsomo
member of tho word family ; but it
seems that there aro some wonderfully
nice poiuts involved in its use, and at
he late meeting of the American Phil
ological Association. Mr. Charles Astor
trees.' ho speaks ungrammatically. If
a traveler, describing degraded follow
creatures says, 'I never saw audi hu
man beings,' ho speaks grammatically."
It may seem at first that this is a dis
tinction without a difference, siuco
"such" is used ill both cases beforo an
adjective. But there is a difference,
nevertheless, and one which it argues
no euphuism or pendantry tJ opscrre.
"Such" is an adjective.
- iEiurmi f.Dfiti ti tifiinr minim uuiuluu
. remarks, -i never saw sue 11 tan
I is tl
- laud, ;
.1.. I b".-"
or ; but b
as a ins
ver, if 1
it the ci
get its 1
for you I
nud it 1
bo a thil
groves a I
one foot I
(est the 1