Newspaper Page Text
m MONDAY, DECEM11KH 28,
rUHI.ISlIKI) 1IY JOHN II. 011K1U.V A CO.(
Tlio Kvimsh Ili'Lu-.m iulllhnl every lifter
noon, VAI Wellington Avenue, (IVtnocrat Hull), by
Jolm H. Olxrly A Co., for nirotil.itlon by carrier,
ncwwnen, und t lie nulls
-Tho Wrmar llru.r.Tix, n Inrgo plfiht-rns'' forty col
umn tper, Ik louod mi Thurdi.y, for tho inmlc, nd
iii for nlent our eomitor nnl by newsdonleM.
HAitt nimijRn r riwuism.
titii.. .. 15i:cnt
' iiim Tiitriwrnmri: r hail.
Single eopy, l1'1" .v,'r
I.., .in fnnv. i cr lt month!
Single cojiy, jHTtlm-i' month" "H
WKtkLY HV nU. 3. ,
Single copy, on" yenr n.. ...S'i 00
Clulu of ten, one your, ouch i.iilrrller 1 7.1
diib of Twenty, one yonr.rwh wiliMTllier 1 rtO
tfrSui'imen rojueK fiirmidu l ibke. Addrc.,
JxlIN H. "I:ni:j.Y A CO.. Cairo, 111.
3ST O X 30O. .
OF SO J
l is ono of
the most cnoournL'ing
KiL'IlS of tlio tilUOH
in which wo livu
that wo find .o deep an interest in tlio
cause of popular education. Tlio
schools of our section of the Stato nro
regarded by our people as the founda
tion of their hope, for the future wel
fare of society. Among the evidences
of this newly uwalceiiod and wide
spread interest was the very hirjjjo con
vention of the friend of education at
Centralia, September 1st, 2d, and Sid,
resulting in tlio organization of the
"Southern Illinois Hducational Asso
ciation." That association, composed
ofsoveral hundred earnest laborers in
the cause of education, was unani
mously of opinion that tlio establish
ment of nlNornnil University in South
ern Illinois was imperatively demand
ed by tlio state of tilings in our section
of tho State, and necessary to the high
est prosperity and success of our
Tho association adopted tho follow
ing preamble and resolutions on tho
AVnv.nEAS, The public school system
in this Stato is recognized as being vi
tally essential to tho preservation of
freedom and virtue, and therefore to
tlio future existence of Democratic
principle or Jtopublioan government :
AN'inaiEAS, Tho otUeioney of this sys
tem ilojvands largely upon tho ability
iintl training of tlio toaoher; and
WinuiKAs," The great State of Illinois
has in its wisdom c-tahlinhed a Nor
mal Univorsitv in the Northern hall
of tho State, of which wo are justlv
proud, and this University having
domonut rated its iiM,fiilne.s'n(! tho
jiooesi-ily fr it i-xistentT, and being
juit unable; notwithstanding the
KTMUtMl exwrlion of It overworked
Hionlly, to aupply the demand for
teachers woll trained in their proton
hou for the public i-1koIh ; and
" WiriiUKAS, The population and
wealth of the Stato of Illinois has more
than doubled sine the opening of tlio
prosont Normal University; thereforo ! mrix ,,s j K0IUU moro favored sec
,)0'1 , ,. . . . ... tions. The tide of emigration, moving
(KWyK Ml, .1 II. lb una tinsuui.lllUII iljl-
point a committed of llftcon, whoo
dutv it shall bo to memorialize tho
Legislature at its next session, and do
all other things which may be neces
sary to secure the early establishment
of a Normal University in Southern
Itcsolvcd, That tho County Superin
tendents and all school otlicers and
friends of education in Southern Illi
nois, bo requested to co-operate with
In pursuance of theiirstof these res
olutions tho association designated tho
proposed committee: and that com
mittee held a meeting at Odin, October
ltlth.thu proceedings of which havo
boon largely published by tho press of
tho Stato. It was judged advisablo to
add as manv moro to tlio committee,
and that to havo a representation of
anil that to have a representation ol j tho highest (l,l best forms of social
nil tho parts und interests of Southern fo ,m,i civilization. Tho rough mar
Illinois, lho committee so mado 1 i,in Il0(wiii.f h- tho nolisbinir bund
arrangements for preparing an address
to tho people nnd circulating a memo
rial to the Legislature of tho Stato on
Tho committee would now address
to you a few earncut words, and sub
mit to your consideration a few plain
facts, bearing upon this most import
1. Tho neccBsity of well trained and
thoroughly taught teachors need not
bo argued or dwelt upon at length.
Ono good teacher thoroughly qualified
for his great work knowing what to
teach and how, and drilled in tho best
methods of educating, will accomplish
moro than a dozen with n low or aver
age grade of qualification. It is a ro
cognized fact that wo can only expect
such teachers when wo hnvofschoolB
specially adapted to their training.
The drill is not more necessary to tho
roldicr nor the medical school, tlio
hospitul and lho dishucting room to
tho physician, than are Normal Schools
to tho supply of tho country with
toucher such as the times demand.
Occasionally we may find a really
good teacher without Normal train
ing. They aro tho exceptions to tho
general rule. 'Ihoy aro lounil only
wiiuiu pj i.-v.-i . w...u,...ia ,
combined with extraordinary dilh-
... 1 . n fkwilll I Tin t II 4I I AllflAII'lilAlt4(l 41 V.. 4
genco and energy, and a, peculiar
adaptation to the work of teaching.
Tho experience of all enlightened and
civilized communities has demonstra
ted the expediency and economy of
appropriating tho means necessary to
establish and maintain a sttfliciont
number oi ls urinal Schools to supply
the demand for teachers. Those ex
ceptional cases of which wo have
spoken, with a high order of native
endowment will mako much bettor
teachers, and tho standard and aver
ago of Jteaching ability, eilicieney and
success will be immensely elevated by
2. This enterprise is undertaken in
no spirit of envy or unholy rivalry of
tho excellent institution already estab
lished in tho Northern section of our
great State. We rejoice in its success.
Wo feci a just Stato prido in tho good
work it has already accomplished. It
is not to blame for not having accom
plished all wo need, for no single insti
tution could. If wo were to write her
memorial it should bo in tho gospel
tonus "She hath done what slio
could." May her shadow ever grow
longer not by the decline of her sun,
butTby her own increasing elevation.
j. The peculiar shape, and tho ini
menso territorial extent, and popula
ntioof our State point to the necessity
for another Normal University. Cov
ering"! (leg. 110 niin. of latitude, and
stretching from north to south nearly
four hundred (-lOO) mi lea, with her
greatest width south of tho only Stato
Normal School, with almost every acre
of her thirty-five and a half millions
(Hfvir!),200) not only inhabitable and
tillable but fertile, and with ten thous
and free schools already established, it
could not be expected that one Normal
University could long meet the wants
of such a Stato. Just think of it, her
extreme southern inhabitants must
travel two hundred and iifty miles to
reach tho present Normal University.
If largo numbers so remote should
avail themselves of this Normal
School, their traveling expenses would
in h low years endow another. Hut
tho trouble is you cannot indueo a stil
ficientattondance from such a distance.
Tlio dfstanco prevents acquaintance,
and henco a want of sympathy. With
a feeble circulation tho remote extrem
ities soon grow cold. If the attend
ance could bo secured it would still bo
impossible to accommodate all who
need Normal instruction in ono school.
Tho fiftv-ono counties in the .southern
half of tlio Stato had in 1S(50, a popu
lation of nearly sovc.i hundred thous
and ( (iiUi.'.i.V.i.) Any ono acquainted
with their growth and progress, must
suppose that, by this time the popula
tion is considerably above one million.
Economv may suggest that schools
of every kind should bo as largo as
can be well handled by one lioard of
Instructors. Hut there is a limit be
yond which enlargement ceases bo to
either economical or wise. And when
the eatalotruo of an institution-reaches
' , oneihouiMuid niiuios of pupils wo may
... ' .1...,
well suppose H is ncanng mai mini,
if it, bo not already reached. Our
Normal University " presents us ,
'grand totnl KM:'. ' for tho !nct year
that is. in both departments, formal
I. Our origin, history and condition
point to the nood of "iuch a Normal
school. Tho southern portion oft he
State was originally settled by emigra
tion from States in" which popular ed-
ncatiou had not bcon so ad
Strong prejudices against our sec
tion of tho State were quite general.
Thoso unloundod and injurious ideas
aro fast disappearing. Our ''Egypt "
homo is beginning to rise to
a juster appreciation of its true
character. It is becoming known
that for health, climate, mineral
resources, fruit growing, grazing
and general agriculture, wo
have a country that will compare
favorably with any other upon earth,
and possessing somo very decided ad
vantages. It is coming to bo under
stood that wo havo a population rich
in all tho nativo clomonts of good
character, and capable, by tho refining
and enlightening influences of religion
and education, of rising to tho level of
i yet j i ( " n
! of the artist to develap tho beautiful
I model of tho statuary. Wo may not
I thank God that wo aro bettor than
other men we do claim to bo thoir
oouals. Tho circumstances of our
past history have only
march of education and
gence. Like tho pent-up waters, tho
oncngy of our people will give
them a broador flow and a mightior
forco when tho barriors aro romoved.
Wo domand for our pcoplo a just con
sideration by our legislators, a fair op
portunity for our educational develop
inont, and an equal division with tho
others of tho means and facilities of
that dovolopmont. Wo havo compara
tively fow institutions of learning of
academical or collogiato charactor.
Wo need moro of thorn. And wo
especially need a Normal university
Jor tho training of our toachcrs.
5. Wo nndoratand thoro will bo an
effort mado this winter to indueo tho
Lcgisloturotoauthorizo tho establish
ment of County Normal Schools, or
such schools supported by counties
combining for that purpose. Wo mako
no opposition to any counties, north or
south, having Hiioh schools, if they fool
able to sustain tl.om. Hut wo suggest
. . . -
una our counticfl aro not yot gencr-
ally ready for such a movomont, and
that a first want, for tho interest of tho
wholo State, is a fow larger, hotter en
dowed, and more widely influential
schools, properly loented, for tho ad
vantage of our wholo population. Lot
us havo a 'Normal University easily ac
cessible to tho youth of Southern Illi
nois, and, with tho ono already estab
lished, tho immcdiato and pressing
wants of our people will bo met and
8UJrolhavo heard, and tho statemonl
is well authorized, that at tho timo of
tho establishment and endowment
of the present Stato Normal University
objection was mndo that its location
was eccentric. It was answored, let
us havo this now in the north it wd
not bo long till our great Stato wil(
need another, and then you shall have
it in tho South." In our judgment tho
timo has come to remind our friends
of that promise, and to ask its fufill-
7. Wo offer, in conclusion, a few
practical suggestions as to tho modes in
which our influence may bo put forth
for tho accomplishment of this pur
pose Wo call upon tho press, in
Southern Illinois, especially, to keciii
this matter before tho people. o ask
thoso in our several counties and local
ities who wield "tho pen of a ready
writer," to proparo articles for thoir
papers, which shall set forth the desi
rableness, tho need nnd practicability,
of such an institution. We ask teach
ers to talk of it in tho schoolroom, dis-
cuss it in the Institute, ami give thoir
wholo intluence for a measure Avhich.
can only ennoble and oxalt their pro
fession, and mako it more adequately
remunerative and useful. Wo invito
school oflicors, especially County Su
perintendents, whoso examinations of
t i. ...... i.imrlit tluun tlin wbolo
truth about the valiio of Normal train
ing nnd tho great need of it, to give
to this movement their best thoughts and
ctrort. "We urge upon all the people to
see their legislator, already chosen, before
they leave home for Hprlnglleld, and briny
before them tho propriety, the Importntico
and tho hopenilnessorthis measure. Sonic
of us mav visit tho scat of government du
ring tho legMatlve session nnd havo Intlu
ence there. I.et us tell our representa
tives that wo aro not satisfied with their
proi)osltl": toglvo us a Southern ronlten
tlnry. Wo will swap that for aNormnl
School. Wo prefer schools to prevent
crime, to prisons for Its punishment. We
suggest to tho several cIMcs towns and
neighborhoods that may consider their lo
calities eligible for such cn Institution, to
agitate the question of Its location. Tho
munificent oilers of aid from Normal and
Champaign induced tho location of their
Important institutions. "Wo be.eech all
tho people to think of it, talk about It, and
work for it. Let the following brief peti
tion to the General Assembly of tlio fctato
bo ItiUhfulty circulated, and tw numer-
ulf.ttriil nu nncjllilii, Tim llllllntt.1 irtl Ol 1
cltl7.eiiH of Illinois respectfully petition
your honorable body to pass an act estab
lishing a Normal university In .Southern
Let the voico of tlio people go up to
their legislators " like the sound of many
waters." What wo ask h due tons, fair to
ouicre, nun goon ior me wiiuiu niaiu
This Is tho substance In a nutshell. "
The details can bo arraugi d hereafter.
Tlio committee on tin u.rject coiMsts
il. J. II I . .
Dr. It Allvn.
(en. John A. I.ojmii,
W. I. N. lusher,
Tlio-. W. Ilynes,
Col. P. 1'oiisc,
r ii ri..ii,...
Gen. G. 11. lUum,
Hon. W. C. Klagg,
ftev. E. M. West,
Jtov. V. If. Scott,
Hon. J. I Alcxantlor
.1. v.. llllll- .
Col. 2. iV.tvidgc',
Hon. John Rehnllold.Hon J. W. Wwtcott
Hon. M. Cmwford. Simeon Wright,
Taos. W. llv.via, Secretary.
UltOKKltS AND 12XCHAXCE DKAbEHS
niRlitli f tittt, coonl ileor from Com. Ave,
.Northern (!( riiinnv.
AIimi, Iti'tugf Tielictii from
Itherpool, London, JIavrc, Antwerp, llrcincn
and Hamburg, to Xew JorA-,
Or to any point Vt.
i ZHVi L1,1 0 'mi'loim any oliu In Kurort.
pOUKION KXOIIANOE FOH SALE,
In Any lttiiulrt tl Aiiiniiiil,
All llact8 on the Continent,
CITY NATIONAL BANK,
OA UIO, ILLINOIS.
ilwJl.Ilm A. n.PAFVOmt, Cuh!r.
MUTUAL UKNF.VOLKNT ASS0C1ATI02I
The Firtt und PeU Institution of the Kind in
the United Stute.
Weekly Ilenfflt from J(l tn tin In rn of Hli'knt'kn.
Kvi-ry limn or I'Vtiult. of Ilt-nlthy Conntitiition una Iki
u nif iiitK-r.
Tltl liiRtitution islcpUly incoriioratcl t.nl.-r tho
luHof UliuolM. l-..r iiiirln iilarn iuij.lv it
lUfiliUf fir iif rul Aijcnt furrjtqto of Ulinoin.
I (Vlt HA I. K All 1, mds of Joii rnntiug ,it t w Can o
J liullttm'om. .
i)i uio loiiowmg jiortom, vis;
Cnpt. Daniel ilurd, John ,S. JIaywood,
Theodore Styre, Gov. G. Keener,
W. M. i'eeples, Tho. S. Kldjway,
J. W. lilalr, , Chas. y Ucoelior,
Col. 1). II. lirush, J Ion K. L. ltryan,
O. H. Nichols, lion. W. IT. (jat-n,
fiim. V.. K tc ho . non.W. H.J orr
BOOTS AND SHOES.
M. EHLEltif, ;
Boot and Shoo 3VCa.lx.ox'
Ttctntieth street, between Washington and
'Nearly ojipoiltc tlio tfotirt Houtc,)
Kcopn npjrnillil stock of tho lontmntfTlnl, nnd gooil
worKinon, nml en till ordcrH on chort notice,
, .Mrudlnir dono neatly mi'l chi'iiply. l'ntronngn no.
lioiled. s ' .ico2rijH,itf
1UJ tjomnicrciai avoiuic, iu.
iami:t. ii a ic rn ax,
Tho only Mcen'cil Auctioneer In tho city, liny. ntul
fOIIS On COIUIHIUBIOn 1111 hiihib hi 4
And nmkcH prompt rotuniH on nil pule.
3NTo. OC5 Oliio liovoo,
Ilccolvf i lndy, VrcfU Mol.iln shell Oylr, nnd htvm
them, In ovory tylc, tit nil honrn, day nnd nlj?lit. Ho
pnekr, l'rnlrio Cliiekoni, S.nnrrcl". Ao Ar.
Tor hIo l.v (1. II. WILLIAMSON A CO.,
iIwareMtr ,Vi. 70 lhln lirvtf.
iTUATTON, HUDSON & CLAltK,
i.u(.. i"i'.or to Oinnliigliwn A fctmtton,)
(Jroccrs and Commission Merchants,
NO. 37 OUlo I.ercc, Cnlro, III.
LIQUORS, TOBACCO, ETC.
Importer and Whdnnlr Denier in
WINKS. MUl'OKS. TOIMCJCO
IJcst IlramN of Crcnm ami Stock Ale
Iiiiportra Al- r DIITfiiiil KliuW.
No. 75 Ohio liUVKE, - ::ilri. Illinois
GROCERIES, LIQUORS, ETC.
SMYTH A CO.,
OHIO LRVHE, - - CAIRO, ILLINOIS
SUl.'AItS, C0FFM2S, TEAS, SYKUI'S,
.'lolnotn, Ttilmcco, Cigar,
Fish, ('niiillcf, WtMKlniwarc, Willow Ware
3STnlBi, Oils, 3?nlntH,
I 'A RNISHES, BR USHES,
Wliulon-diliiKs, Intty, Li mo,
Cement, I'lnttor-liarU, tiunpomler
Old Ilyi'i .louoiiKnlK-lu nml llonrlion
Itocl Iiond nncl Sb.ot.
Alolutin conMnutlv on hand n most coinplcto
SCOTCH AND IRISH WHISKY, GIH
Var, Mnrttlra, Sherry nnd Cntnwlm
two, xntst ruu
.. HIED .y CO S CELEIIRA TED WHEEIr-
I NO ALE.
Wo n.ll fichisuflv for CAII, towliicli wo invltutho
attention of close each I ii)er.
;b -it iiiiai!rni 'ii I' .' i io ruiiH' oniers.
.VQ M. HULEN,
STAPLE AND FAXCY (atOC'KIt'jj,
ProvlKioiiH, Irduco, Coal , Ac
131 Commercial Avenue, Cairo, Jit
GROCERIES, BOAT STORES, Ec.
Q. D. NVILLTAM.SON, "" j
Wholei.nlo nnd Uctnd
(Jroccrs nml Dealers In Hoai Store (
No. C Springfield Mock, Ohio Levee, '
Furniture, -nntl House Furnishing L'wmIs
Cnriielii nnd Oil C'lolln, Window Slindea
imuI IiiioUInt; tllnr.
No. 101 COMMKHCIAl. AVKNt'K,
dwiiiiiir r.Mito, ii.i..
REAL ESTATE BROKERS, ETC.
01IN V. T 110 V Kit A CO.,
Heal Estate, liond and Slock J'.rokcrs.
Will Htlend fo thn l)llW)lt of Ptt, i-'V v I V
Tixe, nntl all lniinM rUlning i. i ' U. '
ElOinil .Stiskkt, s'et.ml iluor front I t Ave
.Iw'il'liMtr Cnlro. III.
7001) t AVOOI)!!
Art prelHir'l to fnrinh K'iO.I HAIUi 't (.'jr .
win. Ii ii'fy roint.ti"n, nntl t.. . ' -ir : ;
lrt of Uio )'ity, on the f!iortt notir.
M'AtH Unit fl I'll PI., .IBM. Ji,l,, I- k'k HJ .
I feril Mure, -ll'l WKhh linwil .-i 7 1 1
V. I'AUKElt tc CO.,
I1, al. rii in
WHITE LEAD, ZINC AND OIIS
WINDOW GLASS AND PUTTY
lJruhr, Wnll PniM-r uml liulotr
93 OHIO LEVEE,
BOOKS, STATIONERY, ETC.
r - :
25 1 b fl
DRY GOODS, ETC
Whlr ami ttMatl Iilr in
I'nney nnd Htuple
HOOTS AND SHOES,
hats and airs,
GenU' PiirnlnliliiK Oooda,
LADIES" DRESS GOODS, SUA WLS,
IllaiiltctH, CaKHlincn-H ami Jt'aiiK
Heavy Ilrmvn Doiuratlo 17a.
500 Ucnt'H Ilata at 73c. each
f , , A Splendhl Line f
WHITE HOODS AND lUUHtOIHKItlKS
llnverri will do Well t'uonll nml ..vni.iIi.d inv stook
boforo imrciiuninK f Uc law.
H. . CI tMN(ill.lM,
Vo. 00 Oliln Iovcf,