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OFFICE: No!' 13 Tenth Street, TkoWton'a Building.
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DAILY E DIIION,' ' ' ' I J WEDNESDAY EVENING. MAY 5, 3869. JOHN H, OBERLY & CO
t3" 1 1' '"-i-i-i-- ,
. ' ' " i - 1 " 1 1 1 i - T7
INTERIOR NA VI Q ATI ONTHE
A cotcmporary, criticlsiug tho rocont
conference at Chicago, invoked by Chi
cago, in view of the tendency 'of the
grain trade of tho west towards tho great
water outlst furnished by tho Mississip
pi river, says that Chicago, Mllwaukeo,
etc., are unconsciously fighting, in thin
strugcle, the battle of interior navigation
against ovorland transportation, and of
the great western cities against tho cities
of the eastern seaboard.
Both Chicago aud Milwaukee owe
their commercial growth to tho fact that
they have occupied tho position and per
formed tho offices of inland ports. Closed
by Ice blockade for about half tho year,
they either had to suspend commercial
operations for that period, or to forward
their freights by railroad; and this
mothod of Hhlpment adopted at first an
a temporary and partial substitute, has
beeu gradually uuarlng thu point when
'it should supersede navigation altogether
the year round. This sort of absorption
on the part of tho eastern railroad sys
tem has a slgniilcunco which Is not to
be mistaken. It threatens to take from
Chicago and Milwaukee tho character of
inland ports to rondor them as nuga
tory and Impracticable In respect to the
commercial Utilities of navigable wa
ters as a ship would be Hitting high and
dry in thedojortof Sahara.
And, ceasing to bo Inland ports, what
could they expect to be In the future?.
There in not au Interior town of tho
West connected with the Bcabourd by a
branch railroad which would not have
as good a bast as they for commercial
greattiesi. To barely hold their own Is
about as much in they could reasonably
hope to do. Hut how are thoio cities
to preserve hereafter thut relation to
channel! of interior navigation which
U indispensable to the co'ulluuuuce of
the commercial progress that has marked
their existence? We bellevo that tho
time Is not remote when their merchants
and capitalists will look to communica
tion with tho Mississippi river, and
through that river with the seaboard, as
the only escape from the fatal depletion
oftholr trade which is threatened by
tho Eastern railroads.
"When It is known," said one of the
speakers at tho grain trade meeting, the
other night, "that this trado (the grain
trade via Now Orleans) will pay, when
it U found cheap, even Chicago will
send by thU route and by this means
be furnished with back loading." Cir
cumstances serve to give tbls remark the
foree of prophecy. A logical necessity
points to tho navigation of the Mississip
pi rivo'r as tho final resource of commer
cial salvation for all the great cities of
the Wtst that are not predestined to
dwindlo to the rank of suburban append
ages to the Eastern seaports. They
must flourish hereafter us Inland ports or
relinquish all their lofty aspirations...
C THE EFFECTS OF IT. '
The low rate for which wheat Is 'car
ried to Now Orleans by tow-boats and
barge, has already served to ralso.tho
price of wheat Jn this tituto five cents
porbushol. St. Paul 'Press.'
Upon this paragraph thy'SL Louis 'Re
publican' remarks: "In, other words
the inauguration of the grain movement
down tho Mississippi husHdreudy saved
ii ilin nmilil(ru nf f'rufll lfl M i II Mi.ttftTfl
huudredi of thousands rif dollars by
cheapening the cost of freight, and, has
added thut much to the capital and pur-'
chasing ubllfty of the Mississippi Valley.
With suoli (nvtH recorded In favor of St.
I,ou Is enterprise and energy, we can well
a (Ton I to smile while Chicago snoors.
i ii F i it tit it if . J , ' II , S I.
What UurBont GtteutkfkrtkeCItj
DuQuoln and Carbondale are wrang
11 ii tr Until of them want tho houthcrn
Illinois .Normal school. DuQunlti Is
clearly of the opinion that Carbondale is
tint a lit place for tho Institution, thut
tho town can oiler no more seductive In
ducements to thtt-commlsfalonur than u
few worthless acres of swamp land;
while, on tho other hand, Carbondale
declares that the "beautiful park" Du
Quoln proposos to donato is a "yaller"
clay Hut under water In wiuter and
over-grown with weeds in summer, and
too poor to grow moro than a dozen or
two stunted trees about three inches In
diameter worth not more than four dol
lars per acre.
If these ure true showings we shall not
Lo surprised to hco Jouesboro carry oiT
the prize while tho other two are quar
reling about It.
Quito u uumber.of our young folks nro
forming matrimonial alliances, just
now, and in several oases of which no
publo menttnu has been made, matri
mony stands us un accomplished fnct.
Tho mating of tho birds, possibly, forum
an exumplo too alluring to resist. A'ell,
wo wish them all a grout store of connu
bial bliss, anil u liberal shuro of this
world's goods. They are acting tho pdrt
of sensible men aud women, tosuy noth
ing about their obedleiico to scriptural
Tho municipal election In Pnduoah
Monday, rosultod In the election of Jno.
G. Fisher for mayor; 0. W. Haiti win,
11". Ii. Bottle, J. V. Thornborry, John
Orm, A; W. Grief and M. E. Augustus ul--dermeu.
There were 770 votes polled,
nearly tho full strength of tho city.
We rfhsil.-as space may serve ue, repub
lish such Jottings-down of the members
of the Illnois Press association as refer
directly to Cairo, its people or enter
Prom (he Bushnsll IUcortl'j
The members of tho Association have
11 unanimously eome Jto, the following
conclusion, as rar as nearu rrom: ma',
the citizens of Cairo and Mound City
cannot be outdone in the matter of gen
erous hospitality, and the magnificence
or me entertainments given to the edito
rial fraternity -That Cairo Itself is not the
miserable, low, muddy, overflowing
town that it Is often represented to be.
but it is, by the aid of tho raised
streets, walks and system of drainage, a
pleasant, healthy pluco to dwell In. Its
prospects of becoming, from Its very
lavorablo situation for commerce, one of
tho most Important cities of tho west,
arc constantly improving, and the day
is probably not far distant when it may
successfully rival in point of trade,
manufactures, commerce and popula
tion, oven St. Louis and Chicago.
(From the Le County Journal.
No town, city or hamlet, in all this
contiuont, has been ho thoroughly slan
dered and' abused by! the newspapers
aud their correspondents, as has the city
of Cairo. It being located at tho termi
nus of the Illinois Central Railroad, and'
at tno Head or navigation uuiing a part
of tho year, it must in the nature of its
location become an important center of
travel. Here the weary travoier must
wait for a train, or a. boat, , and in tho
meantime work offtho superfluous bile,
gathered in liis travels, by writing his
grievances to some newspaper. And
thus Cairo has received the full skock of
every old rheumatic croaker's grievance
that over laid over nt that city We
wero much nurprised at the appearance
and general Indication of enterprise and
prosperity which wns manifested there.
Cairo will, on account of Its geographi
cal position, at no distant future, become
achy of great Importance in our BtaU
and the West. The commerce of the
lower and upper Mississippi and Ohio
rivers, as well as that or the Illinois
Centrul railroad, must pay tribute to
Cairo; which Is of Itself sufllcleut trade
to build up und support a great city.
Wo have not space this week to go into
detail as to the most splendid manner of
our treatment by the citizens of Cairo
and Mound City, which occasion, suffice
It to say. will long be remembered by the
Illinois Press Association. The banquet
at Mound City, a vounielty. eight miles
above Cairo, on the Okie river, was the
most sumptuous and eomplete that we
At Cairo every citizen seemed te vie
with every other citizen in an endeavor
to make our visit pleasant. Were we to
Judge of coming events by the past, we
might well anticipate, as we informed
our friends, that the next order upon tho
programmo would be the passing around
of well filled money purses.
Through the enterprise of Its citizens
tho levees and embankments which
have been built in aud about tho city
have improved Its appearance greatly
in the past fow years, so, that it now has
a much better site than wo had been
led'tojsupposo It possessed by descriptions
which we had received from general re
port. Long llvo Cairo aud its good
Gil A NT IK" 1 8(J9 FEdM A RADICAL
Tho Washington correspondent of tho
New ork WoVfd'1 dlsfies 'up remarks
made by republican congressmen uboi)t.
the president. We make tho following
excerpts; , . , ,
KROM 11 KN. ninxuK.
Tho president do'snt know anything
moro about law thau an. old lion, and
any one can wind him around their 11 ih
i,Krs, ... . .
F110M SKNATOK SIMIAOCE.
He Is utterly'tlcd up by the politicians:
1 have no .hope of him; have departed
from hhn. i
I'ltOM SK.VATOlt KpMUNpS.
Tho nreslilent iias all tho power under
the exiting laws, .if Me wun puly ac
quainted witli them.
KHOM BKKATOIt SCIU'KK.
Schurr. says to and of the President:
"Your selections are unknown iqen
who do uot represent tho party. , or con
duce to its strength In the Htato' of Mis
souri." And to tho Senate: "I hopo
thut men who liavo dared to impeach
one l'residout will not lliuch before tho
face of another."
ritor sknatou oamebon.
"No frleud of mlno has been appoint
ed to olllce by thlsadminlstratinu. With
out taking my advice, the president and
uucrotury of state succeeded m giving u
constitutional drunkard a good mission
and u constitutional thief a consulate,
beside creditlug Pennsylvania with a
secretary of the navy who has succeeded
within sis weeks of ridding tho party of
every worklngmau's voto. Tho only
minister wo liavo (except a negro who
cannot bo a voter In our State) Is a man
set down for Husslu, who ought to be
sent to tho Lobns Islands vice iiuauo ro-
I I tuke no stock in toadying Grant.
' FKOM MlNISTKtt WASIimiKN'B.
"That Grant's selection of Mr. ,11811
has ruined tho party, and that in every
stuto except Vermo u f, Iowa and Massa
chusetts, all coming elections will go
aualnst tho republicans."
And such a man, in a day of madness,
was ftl.ntel over tho ilrst statesman of
tho ltepiibllol . . .
Any Subscriber of the Eveulug
Bulletin' falling to recelvo tho dally Issue
thoreof. will iileaso make It known at
Tk Great Urftla Movement.
rrom lb St. rani Prou.
Tho movement Inaugurated thlssrjrinir
for the transportation of grain fo Europe
via New.Orleans is meeting with such
general favor throughout the Mississippi
Valley that it Js already a substantial
success. A prominent wheat buyer as
sured ue yesterday that the low rato for
wnicn wneat was now carried by tow
boats and baiM tO;New Orlesns had al
ready served to raise the price of wheat
in this State at least five cents per bushel.
He also stated it was his belief that ex-
Eerionce would demonstrate It to be feasl
le and profitable to carry It at even less
When wheat ranged at from $1 CO to
$2 25 per bushel, as it has for several
years prior to last fall,' farmers did not
realize tno immense loss which was
borne, resulting from excessive charge
for transportation. Now, however, with
wheat from 60 fo 75 cents, the burden is
felt seriously, and any project for cheap
ening transportation to market will be
hailed as a great public benefit. The
parties engaged and interested in trans
portation of grain from tho wlient-licid
to the seaboard on the old routes by nil I,
lake and canal, have finally become se
riously alarmed at tho prospect of a di
version to New Orlcansof thegreat grain
crops of tho west. Representative of
boards of Trado aud kindred associations
of New York, Buflalo, Chicago and Mil
waukee tho great grain marts of the
naiion nave oeen coniernng oau con
sulting for a month past, and a conven
tion has ueH -agreed upon wnicn win
shortly be held in Chicago, having for
,IU direct object the cheapening of trans
portation to tue seaboard. That tills
afctiori illnot a day too soon, if not al
ready too late, wo quote from tho Builalo
'Expreit' of a recent date:
The grain which starts from Western
farmers, to be sold at New York, is
charged too much for railroad transpor
tation to Chicago or Milwaukee; it is
charged too much'a gain 'for handling by
the elevators at those cities: it is chanted
too much again for handling by tho oTy
valors at uunalo: it is eliarged loo much
for tolls on the New York canals; it is
charged twlco tho frieght on tlioso ca
nals that it used to be, because the state
wili.not enlarge their iocks to pormit the
use of larger boats; it is charged too
much again for handling at New York
City and so, at every step in Its prog
ress from the producer to the consumer,
It is over-taxed at the expense of hoth.
Not one of the Intermediate parties hav
ing to do with it, la innoceut of tbo
wrong. They have no right to fling ac
cusations at one another they are guilty
altogether, aud between them they arc
killing the goose that 'lays the golden
Into their baskets. New York finds
her proportionate receipt and export of
grain diminishing year by year, and so
does 'Buffalo. Cbloago watches with
alarm the beg! nu lug of shipments down
These bhru charges for transportation
and transfer are taxing Western grain
out of European markets in the first
place, aud driving It Into other chan
nels In tho second. To day's rich profits
for tho elevators, and the shovelers, aud
the railroads and banks which roako
advances, and tho stato which collects
tolls, are eating up to-morrow's builneM
of the whole of them. It Is a blind, fatu
ltoup)llcy,cfrom the beginning to the
end of the string, aud the wonder Is, not
that there are signs now of a general
waking up to Its folly, but that It should
have been pcrslstcd'jn so long.
Catt of HHIpploir'OrnlB from (tic .Wit, It.
Jttl Ulyar to Jivyr York.
From the i. Louis Hi-publican
Thu.questlou of comparutlvo cost . of
shipping grain from tho, nruducer In the
Mississippi Valley' to' the dhrtrlbutlns
polntito-jcoiisiimers Now York City.
engaged tho attention of n convention
which silt In C!ieago on Wodnesduy
lust. This convention wus ii rnrirhrturiln.
live body of tho middle men nlonir the'
upper lakes ut Butl'ulo, Dswogo, Toledo, t
Detroit." Mllwaukeo and Chlcaco. who
texlst by merely handling tho product of
inc larmer on iw way r w me consumer,
and who levy a tftV' ekceedlng that of'
any government iu the world. "Tlieob-i
jeetnf their meeting was to discuss Just
wnai iiioir present cuarges were, aiiui
York and Liverpool will add millions of
dollars to the valuo of the produce now
in the hands of the producers of tbo
A correspondent in Harrisonburg,' Va.,
A few days ago I overheard a conver
sation in relation to the death of William
L. Yanceo, of South Carolina, which
goes to provo an assortlon that Ihavo
previously heard, namely: that be was
killed by Hill, of Georela. Ono of the
speakers said that ho was Intimately ao-
Suainteu witu a man by tno name or
hanks, a stenographer, who reported
tne proceedings oj tno rebel congress;
On ono occasion Shank came to bis house
in a stato of intoxication, and said that
he had tho notes of tho proceedings of
the robe) congress, and meant shortly to
publish them in a book, when somo
startling developments would bo made.
un being asKed about the death or
Yancey, no declined to answer on tho
ground mat it would Injure the sale of
tils book, "but," said he, "when tho pro
ceedings of the secret session are pub
lished, you will know all about it, aud I
will now say lie died a natural death."
Tlio reporter died a few weeks later of
delirium tremens and tue book was
never published. Another gentleman
now said that ho knew that Yancey was
killed by Hill, having been acquainted
witli a member of tlio congress, who
was present, and who told him in cong
dence all about it. Tho aflulr occurred
during the exciting session held in refe
rence to tno proposition made by Mr.
Lincoln to tho peace commissioners in
Hampton Itoads. Hill and Yancey got
into a personal dispute during whloh
JIII1 struck Yancey a blow which evi
dently resulted In death. I am fully
satisfied that this is tho truth of the dis
VTOS. 180AND 182,
Q W. GREEN, rr-
(.S(icceor lo ftllii, (irrf n & Co.,)
O 4RATOUA nrmjKJa-Whr co tn Brto
O ni -p-ncl Are to ton dolUri' fc r, hta tic ul
hcieat hums vnucaa ilrlik.lL 'lolf-um mtLn. icr
cool ami lUtVy It tttrglei frh from ths Vrrnltf.
n nareia) uruc aiore, on wi itt
i AHDr.S fiEBM r,t tiUp of your own
VJ ktowIsr. low bo um In Ratting rour (!. Oo
hn a full line of InJreth'f ! and the flbakrr
irontDouwi union, hr.
T AUIKN, ATTKJITf OST-If tou want rick and
XJ choice otltie nlct lot ofrtn- aoapln town I if
rnu want die !t Coloin. Larrndrr Water, Florida
Water, or other toilet ale r ; If you want anything in
tlio way of Co.mtlicK, 1'owiUra or 1'crfumra, goto
TIMtKXt It 1II.AC'UI.G-Tliurn ! a perf.ct ru.li
. to lUrdaya for Hie celbratel French Blacking.
It u cpnuiNc, an t m umurp.vi.cil ns n boot and alio
"VOW If TIIK 'linJ-To put your houjot In
j coi rhat. I'alntinc ami whllvwathliiraro tha
orilrr of the ifuy Whits Leail and imlnu of all col
rr arom demand. At the (iltCKN L.MIKI. Drug
More, on Ilia Lotre, you ran net 1'nmU, Oil, Var
nulirniiid Die- tufl of all kindn. Novr on hand a
full tolc of Collur White Lead, Delta Wnitn Lead,
InnijtiirWhita Lead; alto uini raniiili audwhile.
wah hniihrK. Ilarilay' is the place.
T i:Mr..niu:n wiik.n fi.v.timi: tojuis-
1 That vou'rrBttluiIi)lirtiln Klt I'atwriBVBai.
rlnta'. Ther hate th rciiufne artK'le. freiu from tho
f u iory. It nttraou me anl kllU them.
how nearly they could be retained uttho
pretent stundard, and yot not kill Jho
goose that layvtbolrgolleii eggs. Pre-
llmiuary to their discussions, the result t
of which we ure not yet advised, tho,
'Tribune' published the followlmr table'
of 'e'xpehses net In forwarding- h single)
uuineTr grain irom a point two nun-1
dred miles west of Chlcugo to Jyow Yorki
. teuu. . '
TrelKlit by rail lo Chicago m '
lijKctiun (in odont) .. ... I
KreiKht to llntUtn u'
Hoyalor at Bulfolo 3
Coi!Hiiljoiu at UqiUIii, IVZ
Krelght I'T f anl to Nw
Kxwntua lu Nvr Totk..
1 1 a I lUrtla-.
itj t . vi-M io iif -ia.t iaY
r AltCLAY HKOTHKKS,
J lurv and mall, love them,
crv for Ihcni. and cat
them with aridity, and nro uickl rclieted of wonnt.
TwcMy-(Hi ccnu a box, or, If you wUh them eiit by
inail,iicloi thlrty-nvo cent In liarcUy llroa,, and
they will lo tent you promptly.
noit SALK Sllvert?op,JUft
J; vourriilvurwaro bright and new
ths indexii'fu ut iur ia .
the thiiiK tn mako
Total Kpeoei,...M tlA
This Is tho first authentic statement of
tho cost of shipping grain via Chicago,
that wo liavo seen puuiisueu, aud wo
reprdduoo it for Wie beneiitofour readers
lnlshinnini' noli.s on tho miner Missis-
siniii. who will note that upon wheat it
is more tuan uiiyper ueni, w mu price
they obtain for their grain, and thut they
may observe where their interests lie we
publish the following tablo of tho cost of
shipping a bushel of grain from Wluonu, ,
Mlnp., to New York by woy ofSt. "Louis:
Krtdghl by river to Ht. Loiua.... , '
inspection (In lJ out)i...........-... '
;ioator ,.........-.-.. f.., i I
Commission (bulk barge lots) 1J.J
Freight to New Orleans........ I
Elevator charge' Now Orleans.- U
l'rcight. New yrlcans to tow Yok, stvum.lu
. (Iiinuauce, rnern(lfa - 3
E.penios n ro'1 !
Tho samo dlllerenco Is percentlblo In
shipmenti of corn from tho Illinois rlv
oi, to Now York tho rato via Chicago
footiug upasjc, while by tho Mississippi
rlvor a curgo lias been contracted to go
forward at 20o.
The 'Tribune' adds, aud wo agreo with
it, that this saving in the cost of moving
grain from the Mississippi Valley to Now
1MI.II IIICAIIV AS'tl
J) 'rKSTIUSf 1) jou wunt nrenewnl of tbo beau-
C.UAV IIAIHS AT-
ridel int If so, go
litul Head OI imirinai ynu onuo ii
to Itorvlay' uml tako your oknluo or lievtormiycs'
llarrelt's. Hull', Tllitrttr. Hllig', Aycr's. t,neu uer ,
Woo.ls'.Ja) lie's, Mrs. WIiikIom's. hureka, mid any
ntlier on tn.iyuunt, including tut Jataniansl.
AtrANTI'.I) -To find Ih" individual InOuiro.or
eNewhere.wh'i has tried Kerr' System IJeno
valor without reviving DKCIDKIJ IIKNKUT- .Many
or our leading . itirens have teslod It virtues lo satu
faction. At Harelays'.
riUtV IT-Mudge'i Atnoriean fliciry W ine, iinliUo
I other wines, H laxittiro In its etreots. It Is a
pleusumt and reliable cure for cosllvunrss. To bo Had
lt!lt!i: A superior Mispen
nits i nu uneuualled bmce for
rsi alwaywusutiK'nderi u brace, or not,
. v l S. 1 '1111 v
1 derforskirtsori-uitai nu unequalled bmce for
yUMti lo bo
Oiiinlno freofrom Intterness, and
the virtues of common iiuunne.
. .1 .t
' 1 l ' - .
- -Va V
i i j ,.!'. v nusj aw'-
ynJ1 nnrn H i-ivif ;HMXttk t)t nt
'. ..If '"IwatM I 'i
, ) ' . i 1111.1 ,lt'i I H ! ll )i (
Jlfbwri's Check Row
corn anu uoo
OHIO REAPEIIS and
il.UND COHX PLAN
TORS, WAdONS, m
. ''j ill
Mil i ."1
. v '
. !. .
!! ii 'i:sr-.
. tn'!- : ?
-M ,t . . .
Ii l nit
t'J !' l
Marrlu'a Bur(lsr and
. J .
.ttt . f :i m mint js .w
..i-HSMf ur.iTiater .n i
i: .' .-fit'!
ll, lloo & Co'
CIUCULARKYN1MJU0SS OUT SAWS.
msMiw a Ml.!
. H O JtZ I if
.01 ' j lit t
HTHTON'S TOI1A'0 AXTII)TrTlloo
SIIITM Itl I 1 1(1 IllO Ul
try il. Send fifty cents to Harclay Urotliers, Cairo,
and thoy will send you a ' "y man.
Mhowislitonuilchewinutolut'cucanllnd A burn
I lliirtou's Aiuiuoio. uetn box una
j INKS. W1IINUI1M AMIS HKAXtilKS-
Y For Mwllcnl use, . Ualirorulaand lniK)ilwl wines
and brandies, and tho- best article of liouihon. At
Plow Hi ltlles,
ilnmes, tit. 1
Ami at Least
Seventy or TAghiy Thounium
OTHER TIUXGS FOR SALE
WM. M. DAVIDSON.
I""h llu nrli. unnt IUoir.iT!'