Newspaper Page Text
rwtMk ( sraUeto lrnm) I
Arraill per eonum, io ailv.nce 7 to
1 1 l'.M . t ... I 1 - ' ' ,
WKKKLY K Ml IKK. '
filter (t.74H!'"iiimaJL.I..S!-..3.r.'.X..S.. on
I he KiTiiior -niai"
.. I' o i --Lite to M !
I H IVIUH! in ill to-'
g -ui'Tjr comity. pymr,t in
r.f errvilerlptirii, eieeirted en Rttsm Pie.i-ea.in
the ,t,jle,eSVreaputt'1r. . . ; r i. '
Em;lre Building. Na. 110 Mala
N. At HH04BWAT, NEW YORK,
Piano Forte and Music Dealer,
WSOLBSir.S tOSNf roft
. Wa A. Poi.. Hanima
Urftf Ca'n, Wm Knkbe 4c to'i, i
other Urni-Class i
CMfTAfir, NttROHAW 4 CO'8 tVBW PA R LOB
ORGANS, MELOfKOY-t.VIItiltail UARWNI.
. ' PMK, MUiC lEAClfkks AM) DEALBHH
WILT, B 4 rURNHHBD W TH 8HEKT MUSIC
iDAtruotlOM ByttM. Piano'ty Oruaos or Melo
deone, at Wholesale Prices.
New Mic. ' " 1
Bant to any address, ffe ri put os reoeipl tof
proa. f ,
Victor et IahL Sana sad. ..
Chorus, hy Wm P Bradbury 10
uar Bobi cruet nee r (
Away, an Eulogy on the ) . '
Death of Abraham Lm-
ooln, bf .. -J K Th(rme ,
It'i Ml Up in Dixiey....... tucker.-..,.
leff tn PetUeoats. 4 nong lot
the Time., by ..,Ta kr .
('m Lonely since he left M..M r.-. .
It, or Vftydomt Is ennnyl?-
nyt vn 'ohith.lt
I baiter her true to me U -Iillt:-.l .......
I ham so munti to tM J B Thomas
Lt him rent. A tnbuta to -
the 1 te Stephen O Potter, 1( . ,.
anrl embsllinhed with hm
Ukanaii .....Hmjrjr TiKkt r........ 40
"LdmenoK a oetuuiui. wuras
bjr Boroiuault 0 fDualian Brfl...rfrm-,
Lout star of my tioma. The
lent aonR and ehurne, byMHniry Tnnker.,.,
LUtlehoueimdrl H1H...E 0 Hholp
Leave ma not in tunc net
Mind yon thai H
Moonlight with thee
My beautiful Ihih
My Polly Ann. Oomic.
A H Worxl
,. i wnn n
...P H I flMQR
M KJ MooraA..M
my angei noy...
, H n Pouter
Music on the Waved. lu tl.,.0 W Ulover....,
never ueem my iov , . ' , t , ;
' ohan(t-.... UThomaa........i.....4. U
xaii rati, .mie swQuff i
Biar.4. d ....rtW H Gri4.i,.A..4
There's noo u aay Good
Night to me J H MNa'iifhtoo...
Trust ma all inall.or not-at all. .
Words by Tnayn..v.,W R Daniater ,
Re thou fo rover mine H Millard . .
Beautiful lraamar(lor Ouitar,).n Winner ,
Beautifal Isle of the Sea J RTheman
BUe-eyed Kitty May ...M-.-P B .aaar
OadavarouM Joneo. Gnmio George Btwdryn..
I eanno.oall her, Mother OhamLarlaia
Jennie Uvea out for Tha.. Mehon
Kilting on the bly J G Murder
Kiss me, Ftner, era I die... Walker
Rurv me in the Sunshine H Millard
Aoei Chili..,.. W H Burr .... 3ft
, Beautiful Oloud ...L A radio ...... So
Btnkia lie. Bung by Dan
Bryant... . . . . . D D Emmet...
b iraiw Hl.v.. u nniiiH...
Bll ol Brookl yn. un. wm. wrrn....i oh
UftlllftQrftiid VIm .......Kag. K el imer.
,.... rn. nenttn , ...
:..Ch. Wnl... .'.
.....Oeo. Wm. Warren... T6
Rarnat Homo JranaManna to
Uaart'a4oh ,.v...Wm. R Alloc. to
Id. Jean Waona tn
i L trdiu
Brilliaotly arraoaed njr.,.1 Elttei
Marches anti Quicknteps.' '
Linooln Faneral March
Funeral March from Don be-
betlan..M...aW...-4- 0h. Frad
March Triomphale Dr. Peraheau
Marob Monteaegnna..,..H Mayher ...........
.1 ( (fr
BaauHrol Draamar..u. 4 BM)RiiohMH.,m
Oall ma not back from th ( . . H
Kobolaa8hora.HM....M. " $0
aarmotharlvaoomehome ' J
toDn.HNtH...HH.. H J.... s0
Daa.rmoiharlvaoomal.otaa , , i
lo Die ....V.M. -...0 Qrnbe
tanl gas's BaJL......t......a..A Baumach. i...
Send for Illustrated Frio Mat of Instrument and
Galalogura o! new Muo. Address orders
O. J. WIIXARO,
7 hole a Is Piano Fort and Mucio Jeaar. No 64T
Hraadwav, lew York.' . . JvlMdly
Piano Fortes. Dry Goods, Notions, etc.
TCRXER. WAUER & MOSES,
WaOLBSAUl VULIII IB
DRY GOODS, NOTIONS,
. ,1 ...I' it
Tailor' $' .Furninhing Good,
.Nov J, Teirawr'a Opera Hem,
- i ' J " Uarton, Ohio.
Orders from oountrr dealer, reepeotftilly elicited
NEW GOODS AH I SEW STYLES.
WOULD BUtEVTUIHrOBM HIS POHMER
u.tor. end Hie wnhlio n gmi.ral thai he
hae reop.ed hie Merchant Tailor RnUMmhin.iil
in the new rooaa in Hu.ton Buildmi, No. M Third
etroet. one door eaat ot JerTrrnon atrMl. Hit gooda
naw f the Rneat and beet In the market. He eelle
your .Mention to Uia . . , . i
.(TreaKili Clti B.ortr Caeelener.
which oannot be eiirpeaaed for taate or eualitT. Tnla
Oooda will b. mad up io thn laLe.t and beU atyle.
end warranted to fit I A aaoitie.Qt 4r en:a'
w.inrthin Aooda alw.TB ob hand, t har. a a.n.ral
and wall i.lted stock of tin .rr beet ifuaiily end
"or tho.. who nannot w ttt to have ctothine; made to
order. All I ak la to giro nil trial, end wiil.de
fM to lv.eU.lajuen. ..
i . weet-aUaa H1NST MILLBB,
. t f , I t -' i
'I'M ' ! ( I i ' ti 1'"
(1VOl!i III. DAYTON, O , WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 18G5. NO. 47.
, i ; i . ' . , .' ; '"' ': I i ' li. , , , , ' ,.. ..: .. ,.
Hotels and Saloons.
THK Above wall k tin Bona, hiring reoentiy
rhaoaed h ds, is now tlpee, aad nndereotniex
tensiro alter tton.and improT.mcntsrtirtheeccomo.
datioo ot Um travc loft pulsic, Ho peine will be
spared to make tha Phi lip. Ifoun, in heretofore, is
or T roauect, ft K1K8T UJ.ASS HOTEL
leiini j t. tiAHKKi rrop-r.
' ' 'Third Strool, Dcylaa Ohl.
A. BFARSi Agent.
THIShotolhMreaflDtljr b.eo fipand, and la pro
par.l irt !'iomril Un trav.lora oni tha put he
genaralli ioktatat?lm i , nllm
SUCCKS80R TO H. D. BLACK.
THR praa.nt w pr'.Uir haa tld an thla .T.I
known and ropolar H.t.l id tha tNt arrl.. and
i. nn prapared lo aoommodnto all who may giro
A laro atahla and jard aro attached lotho Hotel,
The p.trcntir. ol the pnblloia reapootfelly eolii-
V. IAW0B, I . 0. BOWtRBLO.
UPERi HOUSE KESTAIRAM.
Corner Mala t. al First IU.
. , . . lytov, Ohio , j
UNUR eV ICHIEBLK, ffrprletrs.
Meals at all Honrs.
And tha table-will ha nminhad with averr luiury
and ilrtlraity f the season
The Hi 'I i ft' d TeMienra from the celebrated mas
n fact or us of J ule Hal 'te aad Uruanwiok A Bro., Oia-
Tha Bar in atipnlied with Wineaanl Liqnora of tha
unnicem priuiiiat ootn toreixa aoa aovivtiiiij.
Tlie pHtronace of Uie public u reapecUutly o1ic
Mo. 109. Weil Slit Street, Via.
Eight Splao.liJ Billiard Tahlea four "plaudid Tan
Choice Lfqaora end, Winea ftlwftTa on hand! :
, J. r. C1IINKI.B, rrwprletar.
J. P. Kline, Sapt. . nj,
Hotels and Saloons. Billiards.
WILLIAMS' BILLIARD SALOON.
Entrance, Thlrel Rtrent, next slar ts
-si uifica, aiee brais;a a !:
fTlHR attractions have been rreatly iuraaaed hy two
new ann eiegant mur nrxKet taivee wiin erans
wink's lateat improved patent cuehi ni and a Km
eral renovation and refitting of tirw whole eHtablish-
ajienl. Ha is thaakfut lor past favors and solidit ra
peoiiiiy a oonunuanie oi ma punnet patronase. i
LB -vl WILLIAMS, Prot.riator.
Hotels and Saloons. Billiards. Tailoring Goods, etc.
HAXDSIIME m E(00HICAI,
.i . . .... i i . ;
ELEOINT rrTLII OF
Fall and Winter Fabrics,
. . . it.. . . . i i -,....
CUSTOM TRADE, '
Deckel Building:, Jefferson St,
A BOTH THIRD.
I am sow Is ic jlpt of New aad Riegaat ttylta (
Vestlngs and Overcoatings,
W.-ilch I will l.are made in the nott laabionable
j,. atfies, end at ilea
LoWBVT CASH niCII.
, i i , i. j : 1 1 i - . , i . i
Mr Old uu.lowi.r.,Md the p nolle geaernllei tn
InritA to loaTothir ni.aeuree. T
I here aMured Uie eerrieee of Mr. THOMAS CLE
MBNItt, who la reputed tn beene of the beat Oeuere
In the protoaaion. any where.
Mv Block of t.nt'a Jfurmtklne Monde ia elaeui
asd ample, and I here erer j thiug la the awe which
g.liil.maa f.n iwn ...
tlail in and examine my ater-k. and leejrn Bby prioee).
I hmi wwijea oee pi.He au le.iaa.
J. 8. CHARClt.
oetladU ' , ',' JalViraon la.aLmre TblA.
DIXON, FORCY & CO.,
aSi,.0r. Vscsjaa aaa JeffarMS
Uarton, Ohl. ' 1
a AVE OPENED A NIW AND SPLISDID
, Cloaking, :
' , ALSO, A LARGE STOCK OF
.(!'. ' It-. .. .. t-
,. Window Shades,
Aad CTerrthlae; la Ik war
Haas raralsfcisr Ilaasls.
niXON, FOROT A 00.,
I . . DitToa, Onto.
Dry Goods. Wanted—Agents.
KeUrae Soldiers And All 'Otters,
. AOKNT8 . WANTED.
renl sale at Jowwlrr aaa tllrsrwsrs
Arrandale Great Gift Diitribntion.
Oar Aeate are makineT tram Pirn to Thlrtf Dollar,
per day, and we all 1 1 need mora. Leue ineoKee flum
Europe hare ewelledonr atook toorerUne Million
Uoliara. A splendid aaaortment or Walchee, king.,
Levliea evl OenU.men'. Jewelry of ail kioda, o' In.
moot laehlonatde Datlerae. aelllo. at M e.nh. fiend
HO eent. lor n oertincele and aae whet you are entitled
to I or Bend S Osot eteano lor our teraa to AenU.
which are or the moat liberal kind. Mow ia your
biuei arramuaLI no.,
aoildewSw Ho. 1ST Mreadwny, New t.r.
THOMAS S BECK,
Cool, weed, Llnaa, Ceaaoat tFitdaat
OM OANAL, BELOW TBIMO STBICT,
. , ! Dnrtos, Ohio. oclTdtl
H. I. KI'lMiW, rreprleter.
St Weet rearth Street,
Md-w' 01NCIMNATI, 0B10.
DR. J. S. ROSE,
AQIOrT TO SRI.L
RHUBARB WINE PLANTS,
COB. POCBTH AND LUDLOW STS.,
SAW MILL FOR SALE.
ITH WATRB Pl'WB OOWVBWIEItT, ABO
in rod workiojf order, toa-elher witb twelve
ecree or l.od, irame dweumg houe. card.a. to
baooe ehed, and tre oa mile MortheeM of Oer.
roitoa StetHin 0. B. A l, B. K , on Opoaennt Bun.
inquire er ine prepneior on tne premiaee.
Miscellaneous. Professional Cards.
C. L. VALLANDICHAM,
Counsellor at Law,
DAYTOV, OHIO. ,
WILL FRAOTICK IN THK 8EVEEAL
STATE AND FEDERAL COURTS.
ipera ' I'oaaa,
Hnom Ho. Si
. ODLIN a C AH ILL,
Attorneys and Counselors t Law,
Oimii'i Bwllaltna, Thlrel etreot,
relDdawtf . ' : . ' DATTON, OHIO.
, WILLIAM H. CONOVER, ,
Kag-iitrate of , Hadison Township,
1I71LI. ATTEMD TO PBAW1NO AND AD
M kaowledKlUi DeedM, and tile collection oi
He i al.o prepared tn attend to the drawing of le
aruraantaor wntlnK,oorreet)y,nt abort police. 11
DR. E. JENNINCS,
Late Post BurgeoB Camp Denniaoo, odare hia er-
. - i i Ticoa as t
to the eltiaana of Dayton and ricinity
OFFICE-Na. 8T l.ndlaw St., fcelweea
3d and 4th,
'"' Where he may he found at all hours.' ' .
References Dra. J. 0. Beere, J. Darta, 1. W,
J. B. GILBERT & CO., ;
ri 1 1 a; 1 1 1 ll 1 p It!
FOREIGN AND ' DOMESTIC
Groceries and . Liquors,
NOS.Tt ANP 71 JBFFNRSON RTRBBT, OPPOSITE
MARKHT HOUHB , 1.14
NEW WHOLESALE GROCERY,
. Reel sly A Molntyre'sold aland. 111 Third St.
WOCAM AN, 8PIELM AN ft Co.
A BR NOWOPBNINO A LA RGB AMD GENERAL
J aaaortment of all kinda of Oroceriea suitable
for the eountry trade. itealere era re.peetfolly
invited to kit. tneraaeaii. , . , reaiuawir
180S- ' I." ' ' I SS
t4vebt PAMir.T nr.siRBs ooon frfitt oro
Ei eenee(en we would remind nil peraorje inter
sioed to ptff as a cell.
CANNED 3? K. XT ITS
Western Peechea, Plume, Rtrawlierriea, Qulncra
TomatoSs. Rlackberrlea. and phern.si tl.enwebave
Spice and Cove Oysters,
alR0(an aaaortment of .tellies, Mlddleloan flnmt and
Bhouldera, Ijeenpe nod foal Oil, ttueara end (Jon tea,
Pickles, Kpicea. Fancy Soap., Act In tact r)lh'Df
that the markat. aHbrd that ia dealrahle. To Tohac vi
Ohewere we would any we keep the be.t article ot Fin.
Ont that can be had. Come one, come all, and are
whetwecando. . . M'INTIRS A BAIavl),
deltdawtr , Malaat., a doorabelow Market
U hl ; Insurance Company
DAYTON, H I O,
OKPICB NO, tit TH1UD ST K KIT, OPPOBITB
FIEE AID , HARIIE BISKS Tilt!
I , AT . . , !
DIKECTORSr '" !
Joaeph M Turner,
Oeorge A. Orore,
0. U Vallaadiiiham,
Abraham Chill. .
Hamilton M. Turner,
WILLIAM DIOKET, Preeident.
JONA. H A RRU M A M , Treanurer.
. . tftbuana.tleeretery.i aunlM
Tentonla Insurance company
0 trice, UK) Tbird Street, (Squire Stoppleacan'a OrBee.)
TP HIS COMPANY IS BOW READY TO DO RI'S-
A taeae. and will Iske
FIRE AND MARINE RISES
.li.., 'AT ; "
DIRECTORS: 1 ;
' John Hanltch, John V. Nan.rtk.
John fltephana, ' John Battelon, '
liewla Heinla, Prederlck Bnicheoinoebl
Henry Miller, John H.wtoppelsMn, .
JOHN IIANITOS. Preeident.
Jonn H.SVoeenxwae.Secreary. meldtl
Jea a eats.
P. ft. B.TBBI. I
wn. a. unui,
CAH, B9TER & IlIPPAkD,
waousALS tuuai as ,
Foreign and Domestio Notions,
. "en. sa aad SOI. F.ast Bocaad at.,
DATTON, OHIO. :
m iat mm 141, Laawwlli wtwtt
CENTRAL; AVKXUE AND PLITI 9T,
THE DAILY EMPIRE.
H. H ROBINSON, . ,
I'UBI.ISHER : AND 1'ROPKiETOR.
Dayton, Ohio, 1 '
Wednesday, - Now,, 2, 1865.
The Emancipated Negroes in Jamaica.
maica. . nimi
The practical working of the problem of
negro capacity tor seii-ottitura ami eleva
tion In Jamaica, should be a subject of in
terest to the American people at this time.
We are about to try the same erperlment
With the negroes of this country . which
Great Britain tried witb those of Jamaica
In 1833. In that year tho negroes of that
Island were entanclnatcd. The decree of
emancipation contained a proviso that the
emancipated slaves should bo held as ap
prentices tor twenty years, out iu Jtuts mat
provision was aoousiieti, auti entire
freedom and equality bestowed upon all
the nekrroes. Since that time, for a period
of twenty-seven years, they have stood
upon uie same looting witn uie w lines, aim
have enjoyed the most favorable opportu
nity for the develonement of their capaci
ties for civilization and self-government
if they possessed any.
How the experiment has succeeded is the
question that should be asked at this time.
Have the negroes, as a consequence of
emanolimtion. Dociirae more thriily and In
dustrious f lias tho material prosperity of
the island been liuuroved by their efforts f
uet tacts answer, i ne average annual ex
ports from tne isiann or iianiaica up to rue
period of emancipation were of sugar. 211,
13b.2U0 lbs.: of rum SOVl'JU puncheons: of
coffee 23,025,377 lbs. Kroin the date of
emancipation the exports began to de
crease, until, In 1848,' they amounted to only
67.My.-JOO 11m. sugar; 20,1 M purchSonsrum,
ami 6,084,921 lbs. coffee, i,. . . !
This was not owlnir to the reduction in
the number of laborers, fbr none of the
freed netrrocs left the island ; It was owing
to the refusal of the negroes to labor. In
1835 this matter was the stmiect ot a ser.es
of arsteleg in the London IVtnes, from one
of which we quote: ' ' I
"The netrro lias not acoulred.With his free
dom, any itnblts of industry or morality.
His inaepennence is out, nine Deiwr man
tltat or au uniAptitrco nruie. itavtng ac
cepted few of the restraints of civilization,
he Is amenable to few of its necessities; and
the wants of his nature are so easily satis
fled, that at the current rate of wages, he Is
called upon for nothing but fltfnl or desul
tory exertion. The blacks, therefore, in
stead oi Decominir. lnteins-em nitsDantimen.
hare btcnmt vaanmlt and tnuattert, and U it
now apunhemlta Mai terra thtraUvr or cm
(teniuiH in Me trifnut tetii corns intjawtre oj
its resource! for trumtritrto or rowrortittn- in
population. So Imminent does this consum
mation appear, tnst memorials nave oeen
signed by classes of colonial society hith
erto standing aloof from politics, and not
only the bench and the bar. but the bishops,
clergy, and ministers of all denominations
In the island, without exception, have re
corded their conviction, that. In the absence
of timely relief, the rcllatons ana entica-
tional institutions of the Island must be
abandoned, and the masses of the popula
tion retrogrAUe to naroartstn.
In 1853 the rapid decline In the prorlne
tion of the Island, since emancipation, was
made the theme of a statistical memorial Co
the Jamabia House of Assembly. In re-
viewing tltat memorial. Mi, Itigelow, one
of the editors of th New York t'vminy
Fott, after stating the great amount or lanu
thrown out of cultivation sine 1848. saltl
"This decline has been going on lront
year to year, daily becoming more alarm
ing, until at length the Ulaud has readied
what would appear to be the last profound
of distress and misery ..when thous
ands of people do not know, when tliey rise
in Uie morning, whence or ill what manner
thev are to urocure bread for Uie da v.
The above facts will serve to .show how
emauitlnatlou has affected Uie Industrial
status of Uie negroes of Jaiualc, and Uie
Drouuctlveuess and prosoeitw oiuieisiaua
The effuct of twenty -scveu years of free
dom and equality upon the blank popula
tion of Jamaica, may be seen iu tha recent
uegro insurrection In that Islaud, . ant) the
horrid barbarities which accompanied IU
Ttils outbreak and Its attendant atrocities
can be traced only to the savagery of Uie
negro, ana bis natrea ot tue , wuiie nut
vhe negroes In Jamaica are their own
masters. They work when they ploaxe,
and lbr such compensation as they can ou-
tain. They are not drlveu to their tasks,
nor forced to accept conditions which are
unjnst, cruel or oppressive. Yet facts hsve
shown that under such favorable con
ditions their moral nature has not immved,
nor become adapted to fulfil! the duties of,
civilisation.' They remain savages, whoou
any occasion will break down all thv bar
riers of law and order, and with more than
Indian ferocity massacre and mutilate nreo,j)
women ana eniiaren. 1 i
' These are facts which we should eonsirta
refWrA rl vine, the sterna nf the elilltlifHrMrd
negroes In Oil country. Unlike Kngland,
we have given the negroes freedom with
out probation. We most accent the possible
consequences of our predpltaney. Kvcn
If theiiegroes of the rVinth are lri better
condition to accept freedom than those of
Jamaica, we should not blindly adopt asys-
tem which Kngland has found tobeatiil-
.,m .lilr tn.,,..a Ia Um .kllu. .,..1'
blacks. We should not neglect those legal
ana moral restraints wnlcu experience baa.
shown can alone prevent sucli outbreaks as
Utosa of St. lsutaiBKO and Jamaica.. i llie
status of tits uegroes of lit United Stalda
should be considered in the light of Uie
ti'U sHbrded by recent and cotemporarr
hUtory mhUI, Aa: . , ' i j 1 1 . i i I , n i . i
n ltll 1
Ta. LouuttA-Acf arTl. 1W'
slana Congressional delcgaUoo o'iU of
11 .Mi0.". V"." l
Mrst IMstricM Ja.b Barker, Second l s-
1Sl ,.1lri ??ll'i'.'h!l0'
K .king, rourtb UWrkl, Joha Jlay, FifUt
,. ,. ,,,,,( ,,. .
. . sae . , ., , I
' Tl. Clay Wkiuht, a writer of consider-
able brilliancy and eccentric habits, killed
himself at Leavenworth, Kansas, last week,
by shooting himself through the breast,
We bad previously made an attempt on hU
UAtby cuttlagUUthroata . i n . I ,
.4..,, . ,
i ii.i 1 i . ,
IN 11 A T 1. V.
Onesqusre, (ihty wor.ia, aofldtone ibeerl OS I T5
Ons uglier., three data 1 AO
Oi e stpiarr.one w, eht., MH...rt.M....... ro
' ne n are. one tnoi.tn .............. 5 no
One squrs, three mentis IS to
Oho atfuare, mi mtntha. J6 ou
T N W M v.te i . v
One square, (e clity herd.,) one work I I M
Per eb,uar,e acta ek Hi addition.... ...... .i . Ml
for anuarr. one yea- id no
Term, f- r adr.r laemf nfa cccnp.Thr a Rreni.r
space, or lor a longer .eri.d ihan nbi to .pfcilt. d,
maU known at tlie (Vlinnni; Room. Alt anrertine.
tre-n a ereeliaraed the atnte rate., in laai wnlten
a,reein.ut i. made prHtinn. to InM.rlion.
The Free Negroes in Alabama.
A eorrcoii(UMit of tlio Cohimbim (Un.)
Enifltirer, writine from liiiiitavlllcAliitmniu.
plvca the folluwliifr tlmoriptlon of tint
comllr.inn rttiti proiMwte of the nctrroon In
tltat rwt'Uon. Wo anpiioite thU wotihl apply
throiiliout the Cotton 8tntt. He nays Unit
the titty will cmiip whfti it Yankrc will
cxliililt amoiiir thn "'owlklHlt', a bttfk
netrro, da a eurhiaitv. cliAiirlnr twintvrlvt
cents admlBulon ftf. ,
. In 1845 the lion. J. IT. Ilnuinioiiil, of
Sonth ('nrtillnn, atltlrps.i'tl a lrtter to
Thoman Olnrkwin, Kaq. of Kiirlanil. on the
aboiitloii of ttt'Kro Hlavtry at the South. In
Whlt'h he saiil : " HvlcaKctl from iiron'iit
olillAtionn, thi'lr ftrnt Impulse wonlil lie to
(TO eomewhpre. At llrnt they would tterk
the towns and rapidly aceuimilnte in wiuuliil
groups upon their oil tsk irta. Driven tlii'iicf
y the armed ollce force which would
Immediately uprinjf Into rxiHrence. they
would scatter In all directions, home hoUlvn
of them inlKht WHinler to tho free States, or
to the Weetorn llderuess, marking their
tracks by their Oi-predatioiiH and their
corpse. Many Would ronm wlhl in our
bltf wootls; Mnitjr more would seek the
recess's of our riwamps for secure covert.
Few, very few of them, could lie prevailed
upon to do a stroke of work ; none to Inlxir
continuously, while a head of cattle, sheep
or swine could be found in our rangex, or
an ear of coru uodded iu our abandoned
tlclds. These exhausted, our folds and
poultry yards,barns and tore-hounc would
become their prey. Finally our scattered
dwellings would be plundered, perhaps
burned and the Inmates murdered."
This jiredlction has been fill 11 1 led in part
with remarkable accuracy, and we who
lire oil the HOtvikeea," where there ia a
largo number of these unfortunate children
of Ilam "released from their oblitratlona,"
fear that ttie prediction will be afiop.ther
fulfilled.' We can not look out upon the
hlp-hway at any time without seclnif them
going "somewhere." homo to ('omnibus,
some to Ktifuula, some to Cuioit Spring,
some to Montgomery, some to, any
where; and they are gathered in "aqualid
f;roops upon the outskirts,, of every town
it Die country The "armed nolle" has
already sprung Into existence and begun
to scatter thein. If we are not mistaken,
we have read accounts In recent Issues of
your paper, of the scattering of some of
these squalid groups, by the armed ivolice
of Columbus. A few are going to the free
States, and many of them are roaming wild,
if not in our "big woods and swamps," yet
they are roaming and "marking their tracks
by their depredations." Few of these can
be induoed to work.
Our farmers need their labor, and arc
willing to pay them for their services, and
they have been endeavoring for the last two
months tn make arrangements with them
for next year, but we have yet to hear of a
single instance in which they have agreed
to work on the farms on any terms. One
of our nolghbors, an aged man, without
children, told liU, if they would agree to re
main with him, and work as heretofore, he
would will them his plantation and its out
lit at his denth. hut not a single one would
agree to It. They anticipate a general ex
odus about Christmas. T hey all want to go
to see their " folks" In Virginia, the Caro
lina, or "solnew here," which many of them
have not seen for half a century. It Is not
improbable that some of them will endeaviir
to i'ullowv their "folks" back to Daliomy ami
Liinboo. After they have all found their
"folks" they exjiect to locate iu town, and
laugh and grow fat, without taking nnv
thought "of what tltoy shall cat, or what
tlicy shall drink, or wherewithal they shall
We go out In the morning to hear our
neighbor tell that some negro ran off Iat
night and narried off his horse or mule;
another that the negroes have lieen stealing
corn from his crib, or cotton from his glu
house, another of depredations upon hisRii-
frsr-cane ami potato patou; this lady has
ost so many slut-Is, quilts and towels, and
that so many chickens, din ks and turkeys.
They have Indeed, attacked "the corn that
nods In our abandoned fields," and our
Molds, poultry yards, burns and store
bouse hive bcooiufl their prey." And we
tear tltat it will not In? long before they will
S hinder anil burn our dwellings and niiir
er the Inmates.
Reminiscence of the Wirz Trial.
1 One of the w Ititrsses 6ir the proaeoutioii
In tha case of Wirz, the Antlersouvillejailur,
was a person who called hituself lite Mar
quis de la Betimu, w ho claimed to be a
grand-nephew of La Fayette. Tha witness
Uwtitied to the iiullvltliutl killing or luunler
committed by Will. During the progress
of the trial the Marquis, it is saiil. obtained
the recommendations of members of the
military commission Air his appointment
to a clerkship iu the Interior IoiarUneut,
and was afterward appointed by the Secre
tary of the Interior. Yesterday he was
dismissed from his position as clerk Uisin
the representation, as M e are informed, of
the oltlcers and soldiers of the Seventh
NW York (Stettbeu) Regiment, to which
lieu uie formerly belonged, and from w liiih
It Is alleged, he deserted, ft is said the
real name of this person is Felix Oeserv
X. Y. Jhttet. (ArnM,'nM.)
! Beums was one of Uie witnesses who
helped ft w away tlio life of Win, and
WM rewarded therefor by a clerkship. We
' ,. , . . , ,
w wh"t rt of riWfal h was. '
esumsiiou tne present unaitcuu sysUiin.
i reoent editorial ou Ute subject, it savs
.. . , . ,
,' ' ,, ,
T1'e present condition of our hum. ..
J"Vero t" ' country auj so itouriou, lo
woes of the ptofile, was sx'Curately
'. foeeU)d In these columns finir years agis
were to .)rllt now Ulu .r,f.lM , wh,l n
t' t.ngressof the Inevitable
f,vU, of tllttt &nwM blunder, they
hcfouml to describe precisely the
,,1. What we wrote then was no pro
instrict. ' phecy we merely traced the consequences,
open to any one who chose to see, of a
violation of a great natural law. Our
warnings, were ke.n lu valubut we
hope Uie evvuta of tho hut four years have
taught our nute.ineu this bit of w isdom.
that It Is never expedient or prudent to
; violate A fixed principle or natural law.
Th A'rt, lurk JiVeateitf J'ouL au Adutiit-
istratlou Journal, does not bold in special