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'WILLIAM 'FERGUSON, .Proprietor. iKijhere liberty iDweila, tlere ig my Country."
$1,50 Pr Annum.-In Advance.
. I ...j M'.
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oox v,., y VVyXy 'VSyX' ZCJWlIWAVM NNVVViVV Vn'W'W.
Wfst Fifth Street,; CiBciunati,
HV4 o'fca4 Wrg"mni34cirftbl itok o
T1iicti fro'j-'wtlf fc!T VfiVaj; for icSb',
l,Z SPB1N3 Dr.ESS CCCDS,
SILKS, MUSLINS, and Housekeeping
.ij.i.... '- Q00js generally. ; i ' '
ftejr lisve also a splendid assortmsnt of -
CARPETING, OIL CLOTHS,
rugs. Mats, ic, ' -
WViuV Uf will sell cheaper than any other
-i!t'i Ilouia in Cincinnati.1
LA fltery one tall at Marshall JW,
N. , Teit Fifth Street, botwoen Walnut
Ami. 8, 1808.1 ly. '
BOOK AND JOS
TfcSBLie atUatioa it runectfu'ilT invited
IT ta thil KtaMihmnt, m tha asam-anoe
tbtl staple latisfaction will be given aa re
WATvfography, Praia work, and charge,
U ee who may require ..
' PLAIN AND FANCY
10 ! it: :: , ' ' '
'I. !.;.;: ...M . : . . '
. -BUCH A8-
4AL8 MLLtJ,. ,. .
BULL H1MBS, '
LETIBft HEADS, .
. ! -.1 . -.n. . ;.
. ,r '
NOffHa, CBliPKS, .
LV BEL3, CARD
; . T- . ,
We iaKadi that no ouo 'shall excel
io .... K8 .- ;.. .. ...:
'rj.-t: jh' : J i!i !" ; ;r, ri iit
j, 3-i;r..,u. -.tlf '.-.v.:-,.'
1 ni v . ! I.'i.; ,. :(.. i . :'''!
'Hi AS DN ABLE PRICE
We are prepared to execute
1 . 11 .? , : : .' ' . , .
Lit 1 "f. ..: ; v .'
Business arid Visiting Cards
JTnioral 1 Cards,
BAIL AND PARTY CARDS
Wtt Main Street, Eaton, Ohio
; - 6HM0F.E & CAMPBELL, '
.:; (::'. ' 'Li '..is t i-, i
(Licenacd by the Government,) , .
" EAT0N,'6.t l. ; '
WILL promptly attend to-the prose cu
tion of Claims for Pensions. Arrears
of Pay, Bounty Money,, Ac., on behalf of
Fees, in compliance with the lawi of Con-
. We also keep on nana a general assort
ment of Kevenue Stamps, ana are; prepared
to execute all Contracts, Leases, .Deeds,
Mortgages and other instruments requiring
stamps, with neatness and dispatch.
Office 'at the old Stand.
GILMORE 4 CAMPBELL
Eaton, Jan. 8, 1863. tf ,
J. P. BROOKINS & SON,
Baron streef, first building hrt ' 'i I
PURE DRUGS & MEDICINES.
Find Toilet' Soaps,' Fine JIair and
Truasos, Suppcrtcra, and Shoulde
" ' ''' Urates; '.
PUEE WINES & LIQTTOES,
Pnr Medical Pnrnoscs:
Glass. Puttii. Oils.-Varnishes, Due-
Stuffs; Tobacco Snuff, and Cigars
G ARDEN SEEDS',"
ma Phvaician' Prescriptions careful
c impounded; and all Orders correctl
TTAVIN aken the stand, formerly oc
enni I L T. Crouse. rosnecUullr calls
tho attentiou of t .e public to his stock o
Coffee," Tea, Spices, Candles:
rEurrs; Stts, cajtdies, ill
FLOUR, MEAL, VEGETABLES,
WOODEN c YILL0W WARE,
TOBACCO, CIGARS, 4 SNUFF,
VINEGAli, PQAL OIL,
And a taricty of oilier articles, the wind !
which he is determined to sell . . ; . . , ,
' As Cheap as the Cheapest 1;
He haa also on band a good stock, of 1
accH as i .!
Soike's: ; Knivea, ' f ' Bolts,
Locks, Gimlets, &c, &c,
The whole of the Stock of Hardware hav
ing been pnrchased on very advantageous
terms,: will bo. sold cheaper than they au
i i .i i i it. .
do naa ai any outer mvro in iu um, , ,
' , A Choice Selection off,.-. ,i
PURE WINES & LIQUORS
Always on hand.
Eaton, February 12, 18G3 tf '
AND NOTARY PUBLIC '
Office Wost C. Vaaauedal A Co.,
EATON, - - ; OHIO
: A8i. '
GKEAT WESTERN :" '
Carriage & Buggy
m ur my pr-t r? x
Clutrf St. between if din k Somen
HA VINO erected a new and commodi
ous Shop, Is now prepared to execute
all work In his line, that may be entrusted
to hia care: A Good Stock of finished
work, consisting of ;
,, . ,.. C, CO., ' , .
always on hand, and sold at low prices for
I'asb. . ! i -i :' '
Special attention paid to the
RE TRIMMING & REPAIRING
of Buggies, io. '.
All Work Warranted. .
respectfully invites all to call
and examine his stock on hand,' and be satis
fied that he will give them good bargains.
Baton, reb. 12, 1803 ly ,
Stoves & Tinware?
QTOREROOM three doors West of C.
Lj Vanausdal's store.
Eaton, Jan. 22, 1863. 1
LIVERY, FEED & SALE STORE,
JOHN W. STEPHENS
WOULD announce to his friendsand the
public, thai, ne bail ju(.' iftn.cn the old
stand, recently occupied by William C. Deem,
and re-opened a Livery Stable, where he will
be'pleascd to accom1 jdate all who may wish
tolii" Hones, Buggies, to., on 1 reasonable
tot ls. Stable Room and Feed for Herses ol
travelers, farmers, tc, also afforded. "The
patronage of the pu lic is respectfully solici
ted. August 23d .860 tf ''
S. X. TXJTXL23,
Office on North Baron St. at the resiitnee
oj Dr. Vrwne
EA10N OHIO- . -
tF This is to certify thai from our ac
nuaintance with Ur. luttle. we cordially
extend to bim the privilege of referriug to
us as to his competency as operative uentist,
Prof. r. Al. trume, Ai. v., it wauaca
M. D., V. S. Gans, M. D., and W. Lindsay
TIN-WARE, AND STOVES!
THE subscriber would call the attention o
his old friends and customer ta kW
resent Stock of excellent ,
of every variety usually kept in Tin Shona
Lie also keeps constantly on nana uio m
test and most approved patcrns of - t
COOKING & PARLOR STOVES
all' of which he wiH'sell as low as can he pur
chased elsewhere ia the ooauty. .
He is also projaredt.attead to all orders lo
Tin and Sheet Iron Rooftng,v
on reasonable; terms., ..Tbe work) warranted
B5i,All orders for Repairing attended to
on sliort notice, and the: work done in such
manner as to render general satisfaction. ;
His shop still kept at the old stand, en
door North of the Odd Fellows' Building. '
All articles in his line sold at such rates
as to require his adherenoe to cash terms.
. . ! , WALTER P. M'CABE.
Eaton, Augnst?3,18G0.s;. . ,tf .. , .
FOR SALE'' ' ; ; '
1 Acre f B4 Land; about 20 acres
J.OU bf which is cleared, arid about '30
acres in pasture, thebalancein timber. This
desirable property ia situated' four miles
south-east of Eaton,. near O. T. PotterPs Oil
Mill; , The above will be sold on reasonable
tcfths. For further particulars anclr to Mr.
G. T. Potterf, Oil Mill, near West Alexandria
PueUl'j;L'ounty,.Oluo,. ; ;: i'oM3-63.
The Farmer's Column.
Weather Hints for Farmers.
". The fyllowing are extracts from
Admiral, Fltzroys Manual of l'rac-
ticnl V'-.'lrfevvtTLevWere in-
sendee fof the ti!uuatf Errgland.'
out are alao ot interest here, aa tell
ing the signs, of the weather; ,,
' Whether clear or cloudy a rosy
aky at aunsct presages fine weather;
asickly looking, greenish hue, wiud
and rain; a dark (or Indian rod.
rain; a red eky in tho morning, bad
weather ;or much .wind, perhaps
rain: a gray eky in the niornir2.
nne weather; a hgh dawn, wind; ft
lowuawn, lair, weather.
oftjooking, Oir delicato , clouds
foretell fine weather, with moderate
or light brcezos; hard edged, oily
looking clouds, wind. A dark,
gloomy bluo sky is windy, but a
clear, bright bluo sky indicates hue
weamer. . r :
Small Inkv looking clouds foro
tell rain: liirht scud douds drivine
across heavy manses show wind and
rain; but u alone, may indicate
' High upper clouds 'crossing the
sun, moon, or stars, in a direction
uinerent irom that ot.ttio lower
clouds, or the wind then felt below,
foretell a chango of wiud toward
; j After line clear weather, the first
signs n the sky of a coming change
are usually light streaks, curia,
wisps, or mottled, patches of white
distant clouds: which increase, 'and
are followed by a murky. yripor that
grofl lnto-clouclitiesfc: This up
pearance, more or less oily or watery
as wina.or rain will prevail, is an
InAtllifilo .im ' . ; . '
, TT 11 . I 1.1 ' 1
, .usually, ino jiigncr ana more
distant such clouds scorn to be,, the
more gradual, the coming' change
ot weather will prove.
T. it. . .. .....
jjignt, ueucate, quiet tints or
colors, with soft undefined form3 of
cl0ud8, indicate and accompany fine
weather; but unusual or gaudy
hues, with hard, definitely outlined
ciouas, toretcll rain and probably
Misty clouds forming, or hanging
on nights, show wind and rain
coming if they remain, increase, or
descend. If they rise or disperse
the weather will improve or become
When sea birds fly " out early,
moderate wind and fair weather
may .bo expected. When they hang
about the land, or over it, some
tiruiea flying inland, expect a strong
W4uu with stormy weather. As
many, creatures besides birds are
affected by tho approach of rain or
wind, euch indications should not
bd slighted by an observer who
wishes to foresee weather, or com
pare its variations.
inore are other signs or a com
ing chnnge in tho weather known
less generally than may be desira
ble, ami; .. therefore worth notice
such aa, when, bird's of lonr flight
rooks, swallows, or others hang
about home, and fly .up and down
or low, rain or wind may be expect
ed. . Also when animals seek eh el
tered places, instead of sDreadinsr
over their usual ranges when pigs
carry straw to their styes, ah uu
favorable chancre is nrobablo. "
Dew is ah indication of fine
weather, so is for. Neither of these
two fomaiions, occur under an
overcast sky, or when thoro is muc
wind. One sees fog occasionally
rolling away, as it were, Dy wind,
but seldom or never formed while
it is blowing.
Remarkable clearness of atmos
phere near tho horizon, wlint i
called a good "hearing day" may
be mentioned among signs or., wet.
if not wind, to be expected.
More tha i usual twinkling of the
stars, indistinctness or apparent
multiplication of the moon's honiSj
baloea, wind cogs, and the rainbow
are more or less siuruncaut or,- m
creasing wjnd, if not approaching
ruin, with or without wiud.
Farmers, all over the country,
should go extensively into the bus
iness of raising sheep, as a certain
means ot great profit unuet the pro-
sent exigencies of our country. We
have hardly commenced to witness
nam times yet-,, nitnougn Almost
everything has advanced in price
from 25 to 800 per cent, within a
year past.' 1 he internal tax . will
cripplo .the nation for years,, and
merchandise ot all descriptions, as
well as the necessaries of life, must
go up to much higher prices. The
mmensc loss and waste ot tho army
and the inadequate supply of wool
will keep the price ot clothing up
for years, while cotton will not be,
probably; milch cheaper- until the
war is. ended, and a harvest gath
ered from Southern fields.
Some time since, in clearing out
the ruine at an old chapel in War
wickshire, England, several leaden
coffins were exhumed containing
embalmed bodies buried more than
two hundred years aco. The coffin
which contained the body ot Lady
Audry Leigh (buried in 1640) waa
opened and tho body found perfect
ly embalmed and in entire prcscr
vation, her flesh quite plump, as if
sue were alive, her face very beau
tiful, her hands exceedingly small
and not wasted. She was dressed
in fine liheh, trimmed all over with
old point lace, and two rows of laco
laid flatly across her forehead, bhe
looked exactly as if she wore lying
sleep, and , seemed not more than
sixteen or seventeen years old; her
beauty was very great; even her
eyelashes and eyebrows wore quite
perfect, and her eyes wore closed;
no part of her faco was at all fallen
GRIND THE TOOLS.
Keep tho tools sharp or they
will not - cut, A dull, tool wastes
time, and he who permits it to
work when in that conditioh.'ia a
dull fellow. The best turners are
those who have the sharpest tools;
tho most successful surgeons uso
the keenest knives, and the most
cnterprisiug and energetic men in
civil life are those who have been
early ground sharp, and whose
perceptive faculties have been
whetted by sore experience in early
life. A dull tool ia a useless im
plement, and a thick-headed, un
observant person is the only one
who should be found wielding it.
The obtuse edge neither cloaves nor
separates, but bruises and works off
by attrition particles ot the sub
stance on which it operates. Grind
up the tools, and sharpen tho wit
a? well; if ouo is keen, the other
will in all probability be in a simi
lar stafe, from the forco of sympa
thy alon. A boy with a dull
pocket knife is one who swings on
tho gate and, who dodges his duty;
he is one who in after lifo will be a
dunce and cumbercr of the ground;
he will add nothing to tho world of
scienco,; neither will ho take from
it; his existence is merely animal,
his thoughts and ideas, if he has
any, wholly conventional. His
comrade, "with a keen blad'3, makes
models ot machinery, of boats or
steamers, and in time he becomes a
Georgo Steers, or so develops his
mother wit as to be a decided ac
quisition to the community. Let
us have all the toola in good condi
tion, sharp, tronchant, and always
ready tor service; then, and then
only will the result produced be
equal to the time und labor ex
A JJIjInd Workman. A young
mau in Greenock, Scotland, of the
name ot lud, who was blind from
hia infancy, finished, the model of
a Bixty-four gun ship, and every
necessary material and apparrcling
of a ship of f hat rate, without any
as-jistauco whatever or other instru
ment than a small kuife and hammer.
A Beautiful City.
Batavia, the capital city of the
island of Java, according to tho ,
description of a newspaper corres
pondent, ia a brilliant specimen of ..
Oriental splendor. ,Tho houses
which arc as white aa snow are. ',
placed ono hundred foot back from 1
the street, the intervening Bpaco ' !t
boing filled with trees, literally
alive with birds, and every variety
of plants and flowers. Every hou30 '
has a piazza in front; and ia decora
ted with beautiful pictures, elegant '
lampB, cages, etc., while rocking1'
chairs, and ottomans of tho nicost
description, furnish luxurious ac
commodations tor tho family, who
sit here mornings and evenings. At
night the city is one blaze of light
from the lamps. Tho hotels havo
grounds of eight and ten acres in
extent around them, covered with
fine shade trees, with fountains,
flower gardens, etc. Indeed, so nu
merous arc the trees the city almost
resembles a forest. The rooms are
very high andspaclous, without
carpets, and few curtains. Meals
are served up about tho same aa at '
the fir8tcla83 hotels in tho United
States, although the habita of liv
ing are quite different. At daylight
cofico and tcaaretaken to the;room :
of the guest, and again at 8 o'clock '
light refreshments.. At 12. break
fast is served, and at 7. dinner. Cof
fee and. tea ar alwaja ready; day
and night. No business ia done in .
the streets in the middle of tho dajv .
on account of tho heat. The nighta
and mornings arc cool anddelight- '
ful: birds are Binding all night.
Tho thermomctor stands at about,
82 degrees throughout - the year.
The island of Java contains a pop
ulation of 10,000, and abounds with
tigers, leopards, . anacondas, and
poisonous insects of all kinds.
Discount and Premium.
An erroneous opiuiou is enter
tained by many persons respecting .
tho real amount ot depreciation in
paper currency as compared with
gold. Thus it is believed that,
when a gold dollar commands a .
premium of fifty cents in paper cur
rency, tho depreciation ot the latter
amounts to fifty percent. In such
a case tho depreciation is 33J per ;
cent. Gold quoted at fatty per cent. -
premium means that it requires 150 ,
paper dollars to purchase 100 gold
dollars, or that 100 paper dollars
are worth 66$ gold dollars. Thus
150: 100: : 100: $G6 a depre :
ciation of 33J per cont. , supposing
one vard bf woolen cloth can bo
purchased for ono dollar in gold,
and the cold coin commands two
dollara in paper, tho depreciation i
of the paper currency is fifty per
cent., as half a yard of the cloth, cau
be bought for one dollar in paper.
This case practically illustrates the :
operation of premium and discount i
between gold and paper.
Magnitude of Russia.
Russia is the greatest unbroken l
empire, for extent, thatcvcrcxi6tod..i
occupying vast regions of Europo
and Asia, and nearly oneaixth of v
the habitable globe. It is forty ono
times the size of Franco, and onb-J
hundred and thirty eight times thatI
of England. Yet it was too small,,
for the ambition of Alexander, who
is reported to have said "I insist
upon having the Baltic to sHate '
upon, the Uaspiau for a bathings'
place, the Black Sea as a wash haud, ;
basin, and the North Pacific Ocean
as a fish pond." Ho encroach od on"
Tartary for a pasture, on Persia ainl '
Georgia for a vineyard, on Poland
for a farm, on Finland and Lnplaud ,
as a hunting ground, and part of
North America as a place of ban-'
ishment for offender. Yet, with '
all his ambition aud real greatness:
of cliAractor, both ho and h'a sucr
cessor havo retired from tho stage,
of time without realizing their
hopes of universal' empire. The'
possession of India is now his fond
est, hope; but . England in actual
dosscssiou is an insuperable barrier.