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The Eaton Democrat. (Eaton, Ohio) 1875-1903, May 13, 1875, Image 1

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PUBLISHEB EVERT THURSDAY
AT
EATON; OHIO,
' vt
L. a. GOULD.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
In Advance r - - - tl.50
Job Fanrrnre of all description furnished to
order, and guaranUed to prova satisfactory aa to
quality.
FRESH TOPICS.
The " canal frauds " continue to be
the chief heme of interest and discus
sion among the politicians of "York State.
An investigation is in progress.
This is the -way the Louisville Courier
Journal imprecates a Cincinnati editor
who called him a thief : "May Eli Per
kins attend his funeral, and may cock
roaches swarm on his grave." .
" Eon. Edwards Pdsiuuspoht, the newly
appointed Attorney-General, was one of
the leading counsel for the prosecution
in the Surratt trial. He is a man of large
wealth, and contributed $20,000 to the
campaign fund at the last Presidential
erection.
The press on both sides of the British
. channel is filled with enthusiastic notices
of Capt-Paul Boyton'B last maritime feat.
They regard even his failure aa a success
ful demonstration of his undertaking to
swim across from Dover to Boulogne,
and as an immense triumph for humanity
and science.
We have been visited by Princes and
Grand Dukes and a Kanaka King, bnt
we have never had a real Princess among
us except the Princess Salm-Salm. Now,
however, it is announced that the Prin
cess lionise of England, the very much
the better half of the Marquis of Lome,
will visit us next fall.
Pbof. Benaud, of the" Heidelburg Uni
versity, an eminent German jurist, has
lately published an exhaustive review of
the Tiltou-Beecher case, in which he
states that it is the conviction of the legal
minds of Germany, Austria and Franca
that the- plaintiff, Tilton, has no case
whatever, and expresses surprise that
under the laws of America he should not
have been non-suited after his evidence
We have read of a nervous patient, in
the hands of a dentist, dropping dead
while losing a tooth, but the case was
reversed lately in Hempstead, Texas.
The dentist dropped down lifeless while
endeavoring to extract one of a lady's
molars. Probably he was so anxious to
accomplish his task without paining his
customer that he over-excited himself,
and stirred into deadly activity some
morbid condition of his vascular system.
The amendment to the Postal laws,
smuggled through at the close of the
last Congress for the benefit of the ex
press companies, pans out immensely
for those corporations. Under the new
rate for third-class mail matter, the ship
ment of bullion from the gold-producing
regions to Chicago and the East will be
taken from the mails 'and transferred to
the express companies, who will be able
to exact fiom shippers three or four
times what it cost them before.
The Brooklyn scandal is having its
effect on the eyes as well as the morals
of the public. In the Hartford Courant
we find the following : " Dr. Bacon, of
New Haven, while in Meriden a few
days since, to perform an operation, in
all earnestness assured a gentleman that
the number of cases of eye diseases he
treated was unusually large since the
Beecher trial commenced. In almost
night, reading the great trial reports." ,
At a late meeting in New York of the
Directors of the Northern Pacific rail
road, a statement was made of the lia
bilities and assets of the company. Ac
cording to this exhibit the assets consist
of 550 miles of finished road, and over
10,000,000 acres of land, while the lia
bilities are mortgaged bonds to the
amount of $30,000,000, stock to the
amount of $25,000,000, which was dis
tributed as a premium to the bonds, and
a floating debt of less than $700,000, of
which $500,000 is due to the Directors
of the road.
The treaty by which the Sioux In
dians hold possession of the Black Hills
was made to secure the Union Pacific
railroad from molestation. The treaty
was negotiated with them by Gens.
Sherman, Harney, Terry, and Augur,
and Messrs. J. B. Henderson, Nathaniel
G. Taylor, John B. Sanborn, and Samuel
"""P. BippgnOominTHHioiieis on the part
of the United States, at Fort Laramie,
Wyoming Territory, on the 29th and fol
lowing days of April, 1868; was ratified
by the Senate of the United States Feb.
16, 1869, and was proclaimed by the
President on the 24th of February, 1869.
A Washington dispatch states that
there are still remaining in the General
Land Office undelivered" nearly 300,000
patents for agricultural lands. 4 Of this
number about 75,000 are from Illinois,
and quite as many from Indiana and
Missouri. .Among them are patents
signed by every - President from Monroe
to Lincoln. The reasons assigned for
the presence of these patents in the
Land Office is that many land-owners
consider their title valid if they have then
Receiver s duplicate receipt. This is not
the case, and the Land Office frequently
. cancels these duplicate receipts and
issues the patents to new parties.
The steamship Nova Scotia, which ar
rived at Baltimore from Liverpool last
week, reports having passed an immense
ice-field which was skirted for four hours,
and hence must have been from fifty to
one hundred miles in length. In this
vast field half a dozen vessels were firmly
frozen in without any prospect of release
until' after the ice field should melt
Doubtless these were whaling and seal
ing vessels, and they must have been
floating for many weeks, inasmuch aa the
iee-field unquestionably came from the
jpj i ij' :'3
L. O. GOULD, Publisher.
Devoted lo the Interests of the Democratic Party, and the Collection of local and General News.
Terms, $1.50 per Annum, in Advance.
VO. LVIH.--NO. 27.
EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, MAY 13, 1875.
WHOLE NUMBER 419,
Artie regions. It is very seldom that ice
is met by Liverpool steamers so early in
the season as April, and it is evident that
from now until next August ice-fields and
icebergs will be unusually abundant in
the North Atlantic.
OHIO NEWS.
The mortality about Xenia, at the
present time is much greater than usual.
The deaths are not produced by epi
demic, but common diseases.
Eddie Cunningham, a Cincinnati news
boy, found $100 in the street, and took
it straight to the nearest police station,
and left it for the owner.
George Stearns, a lawyer of Cincin
nati, and Grand High Priest-elect of the
Independent Order of Odd Fellows of
the State of Ohio, died last week.
Johnson,, the Cleveland murderer,
who was to have been hanged on the 26th
inst., has had his sentence commuted to
imprisonment for life by Gov. Allen.
Elizabeth Harvey, a colored woman,
aged 45 years, committed suicide at Day
ton on Saturday by jumping into the
canah Cause, religious enthusiasm.
An amenity of the late municipal elec
tion in Cincinnati occurred a few even
ings ago, when a solid ivory cane, cut
without a break from the tusk of an
elephant, was presented by Mayor-elect
Johnson to John Robinson, his defeated
opponent.
Hillsuoro was recently visited by a
destructive conflagration which caused a
total loss of about $2,000. The princi
pal losses are : John A Smith, in
whose building fire originated, 10,000,
fully insured ; and J. J. Brown, drug
gist, $8,000, insured for $4,000. The
remainder is divided among a number of
sufferers, who lose small amounts. The
origin of the fire is unknown.
David Sinton has finally decided to
erect on the Fifth street market sp cc,
Cincinnati, a granite tower 160 feet high,
surmounted by a colossal statue of Cin
cinnatus in a toga. The tower will be
composed of three sections, the first two
square, the last and highest octagonal in
shape. A platform forty feet square,
built of granite, will be at the base, for
public speaking. The whole is estimated
to cost $50,000.
Bev. A M. Cowan, of Urbana, died
last week, aged 83 years. He was for a
long time the Kentucky agent of the Af
rican Colonization Society, and, about
1840, went to Liberia with a ship-load of
negro colonists. Upon his return, he
re-entered the ministry of the Presby
terian church, at one time serving as
pastor of a church at Urbana. Within
the past year he has again been con
nected with the colonization society, de
livering lectures in its interest.
A correspondent of a Cincinnati paper
takes the trouble of writing a letter to in
quire if there is any difference between
one square foot and " one foot
square. UI course there is not, as any
child could see by making a diagram.
But. after passing beyond the unit the
difference begins. There is a decided
difference between two square feet and
two feet square, the latter being just
twice as great a surface as the former.
So three feet square is three times as
large a surface as three square feet and
The following are the latest reported
changes in the postal affairs in this State;
Discontinued Oran, Shelby county.
Postmaster Appointed Gibson's Sta
tion, Guernsey county, D. A Frame:
Houston, Shelby county, Joseph F.
Black; North Eaton, Lorain county,
D. Cole; Nosth Robinson, Crawford
county, George Kaihng; Pulaski, Will-'
iams county, William J. Carroll; Rives,
Richland county, Gaylord Ozier; Scott
Town, Lawrence county, C. K. Wall;
Windsor, Ashtabula county, Ransom A
Bradley.
Ohio patents: Ventilating faucets,
W. C.' North, Cleveland; carriage tops,
E. P. Stedman, Ravenna; refrigerators.
A Meeks, Berea; wringers, A W
Hall, Adrian; harvester lakes, W. N.
Whitely, Springfield; table fans, C.
Good, Arcanum; feed wheels for grain
drills, H. Kuhns, Dayton; vapor burn
ers, C. H. Prentiss, Cleveland; invalid
chairs j W. Burch, Austinburg; cigar
presses, F. Luxa, Cleveland; sheep
shearing chairs, C. H. McColl, Morris-
town; corn droppers, J. Jockman, Rich
mond; coffee pots, C,B. Smith, Cleve
land; paper bag machines, W. Webster,
Middletown; locking devices for ma
chinery, T. D. Marsh, Jersey; car coup
ings, J. Yeagley, Fredericksburg.
The annual report of the Railroad
Commissioners of Ohio contains reports
of 61 railroad corporations having 5,516
miles of track in the State, of which 4,374
miles are main lines. During last year
809 miles of road were built, and 465
miles are in various stages of construe'
ton. The total amount expended on
these roads is given as $272,937,812. It
shows that 85 per cent of the railway
mileage is owned outside the State. The
gross earnings reported show a falling
off of over ten per cent in the value of
traffic compared with the previous year,
The operating expenses, including in
terest on floating debt, was 72.88 per
cent of gross receipts. The net receipts
were 3.39 per cent on the paid in stock
and debt The dividends paid show
falling off of 27.36 per cent, from the
preceding year.
M. Dupatoe, the Minister xt Justice
in MacMalion's Cabinet, gets up at three
every morning and goes at his work.
He once accepted an invitation to a ball,
and went to it, to keep his word, for
half an hour after fie got up next
mornm.
POLITICAL MEMORANDA,
Senator Edmunds, like Senator Mor
rill, has been sick in Washington since
Congress adjourned. He is slowly re
covering now.
Cartj Schubz's German friends in New
York gave him a sapper on the evening
of the 28th nit, and he sailed for Europe
the following day.
The Pottsville (Pa.) Miners' Journal
nominates lion. William D. Kollcy as
the " Republican and Centennial candi
date for President."
The Lower House of the New Hamp
shire Legislature is composed of 373
members. It is the largest legislative
body in the country, with the exception
of the National Congress.
Gov. Ding&ey's determination not to
run again for Governor of Maine has set
the Republicans to looking about for a
candidate. Gen. Selden Connor, of Au
gusta, is spoken of with such unanimity
that the choice seems already settled
upon him.
Mb. Wendell PHmups and fifty oth
ers have just sent a petition to the Massa
chusetts Legislature against the cession
of the Hoosac Tunnel to any corporation,
on the ground that the growth of such
organizations of capital, which under
take to do public work and control pub
lie property for their own ad ventage, is
dangerous To the "public welfare.
A singular election contest occurred
the other day in Portage City, Wis. The
candidates for Alderman of the Second
Ward were the editor of the village
paper and the town druggist. The edi
tor magnanimously voted for his oppo
nent, and elected him, the druggist get
ting 81 votes out of 160. It is under
stood that the editor flung away ambition
for one time only, and that, if he is
given a good chance at a iat office, he
will not be fouad committing any fool
ishness' with his ballot.
A Washington telegram says: "It
appears that Judge Pierrepont was the
President's third choice for the Attorney
Generalship. Matt Carpenter was his
first choice, but Carpenter did not want
it. Then he' was for giving it to Ben
Butler, but Jewell, Fish and Bristow
made-such a vigorous opposition to that
idea that he did not even offer it to Ben
jamin. Judge Pierrepont was a compro
mise man, against whom none of the
Cabinet had any very vigorous objec
tions." Both political parties recognize the
fact that Ohio is now the Keystone State
so far as politics are concerned, and are
organizing for a desperate conflict in
October of this year. There are now
only four States in which October elec
tions are held, and of these Ohio is the
only one that holds an election in Octo
ber of this year. It is therefore, in
some sense, the battle ground of the
next presidential election. The result
will have a powerful influence, not only
on the November elections, but may
practically decide the contest of 1876.
Tht. contest in the Ninth Georgia Dis-'
trict warms up well. The convention, it
will be remembered, failed to nominate.
being unable to concentrate a two-thirds
vote on anybody. A majority, however,
passed a resolution recommending to the
favor of the people a UoL J. Is. Estcs,
who, as the canvass advances, proves to
be a most amusing creature. He is op
posed by B. H. Hill, ex-Confederate
Senator, a man of great influence at the
south, and a born orator. The two can
didates have been canvassing together in
joint debates. Estes has already com
mitted himself to the laughable theorem
that it is useless for the South to send
men of talent to Congress, because in
that case the North would retaliate, and
practically things would remain un
changed. This comical confosion of me
diocrity is too much for the patience
even of the anti-Hill men, and the ex
Confederate promises to soar into Con
gress on the wings of his aspiring elo
quence., , , u - w-
The Tables Turned.
The fast-freight lines, which have lone
been the bone of contention among rail
roads, and which were, the main cause-
why the Baltimore and Ohio did not join
the Saratoga combination, are experienc
ing considerable opposition from the
roads of the West and Northwest It
has long been the desire of .most of the
Western railroads to "do their own freight
business, and allow no independent lines
to run over their tracks, but the fear of
the displeasure of Scott Vanderbilt and
other Eastern magnates in favor of and
interested in these fast-freight lines has
induced them to tolerate them thus for.
The Chisago, Burlington and Qnincy
has at last taken courage, and sent forth
the edict that hereafter fast-freicrlit lines
will be tabooed on its road, and no lon
ger permitted to run over it, and it is un
derstood that several other leading Wes-
rn railways will follow suit To under
stand the relation which theie lines hold
to the railroads, it is necessary to know
of their orgin. When first established
they were owned and controlled by the
railroad companies, each of which con
tributed a certain number of cars to make
up a line. These cars were used ex
clusively for the transportation of through
freight, and the manner in which the roads
received compensation was as follows :
Each company paid a certain mileage to
the other roads for the hauling of the cars,
and the amount received for the trans
portation was divided, according to the
number of cars owned by each road,
Latterly, however, a number of private
corporations have (rained control of some
of the freight lines, and have operated
them to their own advantage. They
have allowed the railroads a specified
mileage, and a percentage of freight
money. From the fact that the lines have
had the virtual making of freight rates,
they havo cut the prevailing tariff in
nam' crless instances, and have become,
in this manner,, a nuisance in the eyes of
the railroad companies, and various ef
forts have been made to have them abol
ished. These have failed,'however, from
the fact that no concerted action could
be secured between the railroad compan
ies. The Chicago, Burlington and
Quincy railroad, however, being in
position where tho lines cannot affect its
business bj operating npon rival roads,
they have determined to cut the Gordian
knot and become a national benefactor.
Indianapolis Journal'
a
Consumption op Wood in France.
The Independence Bclae gives some
statistics relative to the consumption
wood m Jt ranee. A large quantity
soft wood is used for making toys, and
to give an idea of the magnitude of this
trade it will be muhcient to take one ar
ticle alone, children's drums, of which
in Paris alone 200,000 are sold every
month. The total number made an
nually in France is estimated at 30,000,-
UUU, while a considerable quantity of
wood must be consumed, to supply 60,
000,000 drumsticks, .
NEWS OF THE WEEK.
The East.
A Ere at Montpolier, Vt., last wock, destroyed
$114,000 worth of property.
The United States Hotel at Saratoga, N. .,
has been Sold under a foreclosure for 850,000.
Miss Ida Greeley, eldest daughter of the lite
Horace Greeley, was married in New Tork
city, last week, to CoL Nicholas Smith, late of'
the army.
Boston has been raised to the dignity of a
metropolitan see in the Catholic Church, and
the title of Archbishop conferred upon Bishop
Williams, of that city. Tho ceremonies were
participated in by Cardinal McCloskoy and the
Papal embassy.
Four children were drowned in East river,
opposite New York, last week, by the capsizing
of a scow.
A suit has been brought against the city of
Boston by the assignees in bankruptcy of tho
estate of Mr. Armstrong, whose store ins
blown up to prevent the spread of the great
fire, to recover $70,000, the valuo of bis stock
and unexpired lease. No one has been found
to acknowledge the responsibility for blowing
up the premises.
At an election of officers of the New York
Chamber of Commerce recently, the ticket
headed by Hon. George Opdyke was defeated,
a D. Babcock receiving 167 votes to 109 for
Opdyke. Tho annual dinner took place in the
evening, at which Hon. Fernando Wood made
the principal speech upon the future of the
metropolis. He spoke of the necessity for
cheap transportation, increased terminal fa
cilities, low tolls, quick transit, and diminished
taxation.
The West.
A number of fishing smacks were wrecked
on the east shore of Lake Michigan, near St
Joseph, during the gale of the 29th ult., and
several lives were lost
The Chicago Times prints extensive reports
as to the condition of the wheat crop in In
diana and Ohio. As a whole the prospect is
the reverse of encouraging. The extreme cold
weather and the long-continued drought have!
lnjurea Data tne spring ana winter wnen con
siderably, and a short crop probably not more
than one-half the usual quantity is expected.
In a few localities farmers hope to harvest an
average crop.
The embryonic grasshopper is having a seri
ous time in Minnesota. Numerous reports are
received going to show that the severe winter,
though bearing hard on the sufferers from last
year's devastations of the pest has at the same
time proved a great blessing in that it has so
frozen up the myriads of eggs deposited by
the insects that the power to germinate has
been lost
A killing frost vim ted various parts of the
Northwest on the 2d inst, doing considerable
damage to the wheat and in some places en
tirely killing the fruit buds.
Janesville, Wis., was visited by a 00,000
eonfiagration last week.
Two of (he robbers implicated in the robbery
of the train at Gad's HilL Mo., last falL have
been arrested. The ringleader escaped.
The ooncem btartod some weeks ago in In
dianapolis for the purpose of furnishing.'
ready-printed paper to weekly newspapers, and
known as the Indiana Newspaper Union, has
suspended.
John 8. Coulter, an old Leavenworth (Kansas)
printer, recently committed suicide by taking
laudanum. He was Treasurer of tho Typo
graphical Union, and for failure to properly
account for the moneys in his possession, was
expelled from the order, which so preyed upon
his mind that he concluded to end his troubles
in death.
At a game of base ball in St Lotus, on Thurs
day last, between the White Stockings, of Chi
cago, and the St Louis club, the latter won by
a score of 10 to 0.
During last winter a notorious woman, namod
Mollie Prescott of St Louis, hired the Temple
Hall, to deliver a lecture on tho "Social Evil,"
The owner of the hall discovering her charac
ter, refused the use of the premises, and re
funded the rent money. The woman brought
suit for ? 1,000, and last week the court award
ed her 70 and costs.
Washington.
a
of
The internal revenue receipts for the month
of April were $7,022,331; for the four months
since the 1st of January, 436,483,421; and for
the fiscal year to May 1, $89,758,871.
The customs receipts for the month of April
were, in round numbers, $13,250,000 in coin
and $90,000 in currency.' For the four months
since Jan. 1, 1875, the receipts were $57, 143, 650.
in coin and $391,101 in currency. The total
customs receipts for the fiscal year to May 1
were, in round numbers, $133,752,000.
The Secretary of the Treasury has given di
rections to the Assistant Treasurer at New York
to sell $!, 000, 000 gold during the month of
May.
The public debt was decreased $2,325,346
during the month of April. Appended is the
official statement :
Six per cent bonds $1,135,177,050
Fire per cent bonds 580,362,730
Total coin bonds. . f 1 ,713,629,800
Lawful money debt. .....$ 14,678,(100
Matured debt 19,559,140
Legal tender 378,123.492
Certificates of deposit.... 47,866,000
Fractional currency 43,809,565
Coin certificates 22,403,300
Total without interest 492,201.!
Total debt $2,239,268,298
Total interest 35,628,178
uasn m ircasury :
Coin $94,625,669
Currency. 1,096,375
Special deposit held for re
demption of certificates
of deposit 47,865,000
Total in Treasury. t 143,587,044
Debt less cash in the Treasury ...12,131,309.4:11
Decrease of debt during April 2,325,346
Decrease since June 30, 1874...; 11,778,809
Bonds lBsued to the Pacific Railway
Companies, interest payable in lawful
money: Principal outstanding $ 64.623.512
Interest accrued and not yet paid 1,292,470
Interest paid by the United States 26,264,102
interest repaia oy transportation ox
mails, etc t 6,946,430
Balance of interest paid by United
States 20,318,458
John T. Heartley has resigned his position as
Assistant Treasurer of the United States, and
tho President has namod as his successor Cur
tis 8. Bornham, a wealthy Kentuckian and per
sonal friend of Secretary Bristow.
The Supreme Court has decided the Farragut
prize ease in favor of the claimant.
A special dispatch to a Chicago paper states
that the internal revenue and customs receipts
are dropping off at a very discouraging rate
so that they will fail to pay the current expendi
ture of the government by several millions
dollars. From every prospect now, it is more
probable that the revenue will fall off still
further.
Senor Mantilla, who represented the
Spanish Republic at Washington during its
existence, has presented his credentials
Minitter Plenipotentiary and Envoy Extra
ordinary from Alfonso, King of Spain.
J. G. Hester, a special agent under the De
partment of Justice, and known in connection
with the political arrests in Alabama, has been
dismissed.
Secretary Bristow has commenced cutting
down the working force in his department
Home twenty people a good proportion
them being ladies have been dismissed from
Gen. Spinner's office.
The South.
Gov. Kollogg, of Louisiana, has commenced
suit against Charles Clinton, Auditor of the
State, and the securities in his special bond, for
about $475,000 withheld and unaccounted for
by him.
Tho city of Nashville, Term., was the other
day tho scene of a most blood-curdling tragedy.
A negro named Joe Reed shot and instantly
killed Policeman Robert Frazier, while in the
execution of his duty as an officer. Tho murd
erer was arrested and taken to Jail, but so in
censed wero the citizens at the unprovoked
murder that they marched on the jail and broke
into Reed's cell. Be was seized, a rope fast
ened around his neck, and hurried to tho sus
pension bridge, from which he was thrown, with
the intention of hanging, but, tho rope break
ing, he fell to the rocks beneath, ninety feet,
and from thence into tho river. He was shot
once on the way and again at the bottom.
Judge Brooks, of the U. a District Court at
Wilmington, N. C, in charging the Grand Jury,
said the Civil Rights bill, in its criminal aspect,
which was the only, shape in which it could
come before the Grand Jury, was unconstitu
tional and void.
Two New Orleans editors, Isaac N. Btoute
meyer and L. M. Finley, recently quarreled.
and a challenge was given and accepted to fight
with rifles at forty paces ; but as they were both
first-class shots, friends interfered, and the
duel was averted.
Ben Hill has been elected to Congress from
the Ninth District of Georgia, in place of Mc
Millan, deceased.
The Tilton-Beecher Trial.
Seventy-ninth Day. With the conclusion
of Tracy's testimony the defense "rested,"
and the prosecution began their rebutting evi
dence. Mr. John Swinton, formorly of the
New York rimes, testified that Tilton walked
with him on foot in the Communist procession
of 1872, and did not ride in a carriage with
Woodhull, or carry a banner. Tho plaintiffs
lawyers expressed a willingness that Mrs. Til-
ton should be sworn, but Mr. Evarts declined
to profit by the suggestion.
EioHTO?rH Day. Just before the opening of
the court, Mrs. Tilton caused something of a
sensation by rising in her seat, and, handing
Judge Neilson a paper, requesting him to read
it aloud in court. The Judge stated that he
would take the matter under advisement. The
contents of the paper were not made public
Several witnesses were examined, nearly all of
whom swore that Tilton did not march in the
Roussel procession with the Woodhulls.
Franklin Woodruff, one of Moulton's partners,
was called, and contradicted Gen. Tracy's tes
timony in several particulars.
EiouTY-FinsT Day. Mrs. Tillon's loiter to
Judge Neilson was a declaration of her own
innocence and an appeal to be heard in her
own behalf. Judge Neilson replied that Tilton
was a competent witness against a third party
because there is no express statute in the way;
but Mrs. Tilton was not allowed to testify
against her husband because the New York law
of May 10, 1867, declares a wife to be incom
petent as a witness for or against her husband.
However, Mrs. Tilton derives all the benefit of
having her appeal published, while at the same
time escaping the perilous pitfalls of unsympa
thetic cross-examination.
Eiohtt-second Day. Stephen Pearl An
drews and Henry C. Bowen wero the witnesses
who testified in rebuttal. Andrews testified
that Mrs. Woodhull derived tho facts in the
scandal case from Mrs. Cady Stanton before
Tilton was introduced. John Wood, the printer
of Mrs. Woodhull's paper, testified that the
scandal article was not set up until long after
the colored witness, Woodloigli, swore he saw
slips of it with Tilton and Mrs. Woodhull. An
drews wrote the article, and his information
came from Mrs. Stanton. Bowen was then
called, and contradicted Beecher on several ma
terial points. He swore he had discharged
Tilton before the latter demanded the preach
er's abdication; that Beecher had no hand
in tho removal of Tilton, and that there was
no cause for remorse on the part of Beech
er for Tilton's downfall. Witness remembered
the tripartite agreement, and the payment of
OfW check, and there was no connection
between these two matters. Bowon also testified
point blank that the letter from Tilton to
Beecher demanding the latter 's abdication of
the Plymouth pulpit, of which he (Bowen) was
the bearer, was delivered at Freeland's, where
as Mr. Beecher swore that the note was de
livered at his own house.
EioHTY-THiBD Day.-v-Mt. Bowen resumed the
witness stand. He was subjected to a severe
cross-examination by Mr. Evarts, but adhered
to his story with remarkable pertinacity. His
amendments to the tripartite agreement, as ex
plained by him, showed that he shrewdly avoid
ed committing himself to tn avowal of Beech
er's innocence of the charges laid at his door.
He simply " withdrew' them ; and in place of
declaring the innuendoes falBet ho "regretted
having made them." His settlement with
Tilton was simply a business agreement, and
was not promoted or retarded by what Beecher
did, nor did it have the slightest relation to the
matters in controversy between Beecher and
Tilton.
Political.
The election for city officers in Indianapolis
passed oft very quietly and resulted in a victory
for the Republicans, giving them the Mayor,
Clerk, Treasurer, Marshal, Assessor, and seven
out of thirteen Councilmcn.
The President has appointed ex-Senator D,
D. Pratt, of Indiana, Commissioner of In
ternal Revenue, vice Douglas, romovod.
Hon. J. B. McCleary has been nominated for
Governor by tho Democrats of Kentucky.
General.
v
The schooner Margaret Crocker, from. Tahiti
for San Francisco, was recently lost at sea, and
sixteen persons perished.
An effort is being made at Washington to in
diet editor Dana for libeling ex-Gov. Shepherd,
but it is not probable that Dana can be brought
to the capital.
A statement of the losses of the insurance
companies by the Oshkosh fire, prepared by
committee appointed to adjust the same, shows
the total to be $759,300.
The boiler of the steamer Senator exploded
at Portland, Oregon, last week, killing the
Captain, Purser, and a number of tho crew,
The Portage bridge on tho Erie railroad, said
to be the largest wooden bridge in tho world,
was burned last week.
Foreign.
as
of
North Staffordshire, England, has been
scene of another fearful colliery explosion,
in the destruction of upward of forty
human lives.
A Paris telegram announces the death
Count Waldeck. the famous painter and
traveler, at the extraordinary age of 110
years.
A Berlin telegram states that the last Belgian
note is hnrlily satisfactory to Germany,
terminates the controversy.
Advices from Cuba report the insurgents suc
cessful in two engagements.
French and English gunboats are ordered
the banks of Newfoundland, to prevent
threatened trouble between the fishermen of
each nation this summer.
Reports from Europe state that crops havo
been damaged to some extent by sharp frosts
and short allowance of rain. In England corn
threatens to be Into, whatever may be the bulk.
In Franco wheat and rye have already Buffered.
In Russia the sowers have actually been beaten
off by snow.
Some 200,000 persons are brought togethor
weekly to hear the American evangelists,
Moody and Sankey, in England.
The gold diggings at Capo Coast, Africa, are
" panning ont " pretty well. A consignment of
the precious metal, valued at a quarter of a
million of dollars, has just arrived in England,
somo of the nuggets weighing nine pounds.
The Kingdom of Hayti contributes another
revolution. An insurrection has broken out at
Port au Prince and forty foreigners have been
killed. .
Another would-be assassinator of Bismarck
has been arrested in Berlin. He was prowling
around the mansion of the Prince with a loaded
pistol in his pocket.
The London Times' Paris correspondent
telegraphs (May 5) that the most serious minds
believe that war between Franco and Germany
is impending.
A rather heated discussion tookp'.i;3iu t'aa
British Parliament the other night. Disraeli
was desirous of having Borne bills passed, on
which action had been delayed by the tactics of
the opposition. The Premier stated that Par
liament would probably be prorogued in July.
Cholera prevails to some extent in India.
The Spanish government has paid to Mr;
Cashing, in Madrid, the entire balance due on
the Virginius indemnity, anticipating the pay
ment by several months.
INTER-STATE COMMERCE.
Important Decision The Supreme Court
Declares that Congress lias the Power to
Regulate Inter-State Commerce.
The Supreme Court of the United States, in
deciding the capitation case between the State
of Maryland and the Baltimore and Ohio rail
road, went somewhat outside of the record to
give an opinion upon the general power of
Congress to regulate inter-State .commerce.
This decision cannot fail to attract attention
throughout the country, as it practically antici
pates a case in the Granger interests, and de
cides that Congress under the Constitution
has the power to regulate commerce
between the States. The case of the
State of Maryland against the Baltimore and
Ohio road was a claim of Maryland for 4500,000
from that roau under a provision of the charter
of that road which provides that a certain capi
tation tax should be annually paid to the State
in consideration of the charter. The railroad
entered the plea that the provision is uncon
stitutional in that it is an impediment placed
by Maryland in the way of commerce, and an
obstruction to the passage ef citizens of
other States through Maryland. The Supreme
Court ruled that the agreement to pay the
capitation tax is a valid contract, and not un
constitutional. The passage in the decision
relative to the general power of Congress over
transportation is something in the nature
l otnter aicium. The uourt, in substance,
says : It is often dinicult to draw the line be
tween the power or mate over commerce anu
the provisions of the Constitution. It is indis
putable that the State cannot impede commerce
in their attempts to regulate it. The question
practically is where the regulation of commerce
by a State ends and the obstruction to travel
begins. The chief remedy of the public against
excessive tolls is in competition. The question
whether Congress has the power to regu
late inter-State commerce has occu
pied the most powerful minds of the
country. This power was exorcised in com
pleting the old Cumberland road and the Pacific
railroad. It is to bo hoped that no occasion
will again arise to make tho exercise of tliis
power necessary, and that the States will not be
so regardless of their own interests as to en
deavor to rcposo restrictions npon travel. If
the States do this they may expect that uon
gress, to protect the citizens of the nation,
will exercise to the utmost degree its constitu
tional, power to control inter-ritato commerce.
Tho progress of merchandise must be unim
peded. Commercially, this is one country, and
the general interest of the whole country
demands that there shall be no interference
with the due nrocreas of commerce. No local
interests can be permitted to interfere with this
great principle, but the rights of the States
must also be protected. Hence, the court de
cides that the charter of the Baltimore and Ohio
railroad was a legitimate, reasonable, and con
stitutional contract with the State. The opin
ion is unanimous, with the exception of Justice
Miller, rho dissents. His dissent goes to the
mints of the mam case, however, and docs not
refer to the general statement as to the power
01 uongress over inter-mate commerce.
Proverbs Refuted.
It has been said of old that "A bird in
the hand is worth two in the bush." Try
it. Tako a bird (any bird will do) in
vour hand, and hold it securely; then
take a passage in tuo nrst vessel yon can
find (any vessel will do) and proceed to
the Antipodes, silll retaining the bird in
the hand, where the bush is supposed
to be. When yon arrive, examine the
bird which you have in your hand and
compare it with any two birds you can
find in the bush. Estimate their relative
value. You will find that the proverb
has led vou astrav.
Again. It has been said that It is
the last straw that breaks the camel's
back." Imprimis, how long wonid a
man go about until he had satisfied him
self that he had found the " last
straw ! But we will grant, for the sake
of argument, that the " last straw has
been found. Now take your camel (any
camel will do) andcautiously deposit that
straw npon the back of the camel, and
carefully observe whether the spine of
that onadrnped iR dislocated. It is to be
inuurined not. How then this provorb ?
Once more. It has been spoKen, and
written, that if you " Take care of the
pence, the pounds will take care 01
themselves." Make the experiment.
Take pence (say threo pence) and place
them in your purse, and pnt your purse
in your pocket. Button your pocket,
your pocket is bnttonable ; or deposit
the three pence with your banker, or in
vest them in a Canadian oil well. Next
take a sovereign (anybody's sovereign
will do) and place it carefully on the
pav.ement (the center of a coal-plate
not a bad spot), and, after retiring np
the stage and " dissembling," observe
how that sovereign will take care of it
Punch.
a
the
of
Hermann, the celebrated magician,
was married recently. And his wne
doesn't have to get np at daylight to
to market. When she wants a dozen
eggs she simply hands her husband the
empty egg-bag, and lie produces them
by sleighirof-hand ; then he cooks
omelet in a borrowed hat, and converts
can of sawduBt into that much white
sugar, and similar cups filled with
chipped paper is changed into hot conee;
then he takes the same hat, stirs
its emptiness with a magic wand, and,
presto, chance ! out comes a loaf
bread, a fresh shad, two pickleB, one pie,
a bucket of coal, a dish of hash, with
natural hairs in it, and half-a-dozen
knives and forks. This is much cheaper
than going to market. Bnt Mrs. Her
mann is not happy. When her husband
wants a gold dollar he mysteriously picks
it off the end of his wife's nose. And
she is dissatisfied lHnnne she can't per
Norristown
Herald.
to
the
Elephants live for two hundred,
three hundred, pud eypn four hundred
years, -'
A Mother's Desperation.
This morning about 9 o'clock the city
was startled by tho news that the bodies
of a woman and child had been found in
Boar creek, at the foot of Fifth street,
opposite tho Badger State lumber-yard.
Tho Clipper reporter hastened to the
spot and found that the terrible news was
too true, for there, floating on the water
with the back of the head and a portion
of the clothing visible, was the body of a
woman. At the edge of the water was a
stake drived in the ground, to which a
cord was attached, and it. was evident
that the other end of the cord was at
tached to the corpse or corpses. A few
persons by this time had collected at the
spot, and a short distance back was a
little boy weeping violently, in company
wiui fuuer uhallcner, of the (jhnstian
Church, who was endeavoring to console
him. This little boy, about 12 years of
age, was named Willie Irwin, and it was
his mother and only little sister, Lottie,
about 5 years of age, who were sleeping
their last sleep in the cold and muddy
waters of Bear creek. - Willie said that
his mother, Mrs. E. L. Irwin, in com
pany with his little sister Lottie, left
home about 7 o'clock last night, and he
asked his mother where she was going.
The only answer she made was that she
would be back soon, requesting him to
stay at home until she returned. The
body of the child had not yet been seen,
bnt there seemed to be a settled convic
tion with all present that it had shared
the fate of its mother. Mrs. Irwin or
the little girl did not return home dur
ing the night, and, that fact being re
ported to the neighbors, suspicions were
aroused, and this morning, a few minutes
before 9 o'clock, Messrs. T. S. Eager
and James Munson discovered a woman's
tracks Koine to the water at this point.
They saw the rope attached to the stake,
which at first appeared to them to be a
trot-line. Taking hold of the rope, the
body of the woman at once floated to the
surface.
Several hundred persons had now
gathered at the edge of the water, wait
ing eagerly for further developments;
Coroner Hick appeared with a jury ; the
rope was drawn in, and then thl horrible
fact was revealed that the mother had be
come the executioner of her child, for
there in her arms, the two bodies bound
securely together by the rope, the cheek
of the little girl resting against that of
her mother, were the two bodies, purple,
swollen, and cold in death. The water
here was but little over four feet deep.
The binding of the bodies together, and
attaching the rope to the stake showed a
will and deliberateness of purpose by
the mother in this desperate deed truly
Hannibal (Mo.) Clipper.
Curious Story.
If a storv told bv the St Paul Dis
patch is authentic, the assassination of
Lhomas a Becket at tho implied com
mand of Henry H. has a parallel in the
very recent history of this country. The
Minnesota massacres, it will be remem
bered, resulted in the execution of
thirty-eight of the principle Hioux con
cerned in them. Over 300 had been con
demned to death bv a military commis
sion, but it waiftinally decided to execute
only those who had been recognized as
active leaders in the butcheries. The
Dispatch now claims that tho execution
was entirely without authority. A citi
zen who accompanied the Minnesota del
egation sent to Washington to obtain the
.President s signature to the death-warrant
tells this story :
" After the transaction of some minor
matters, Senator Kamsey drew from his
pocket a telegram from Gen. H. H. Sib
ley, asking for the Executive order to
execute thirty-eight convicted savages.
After a hurried reading of the dispatch.
Afi T ,,',', fi--,l ii fni-ii i ti cr tippvatirItt in bin
seat, and shoving his long, lank ringers
up through his hair, said : Uh I un I
dear Senator and mends, this is too bad;
this calling upon me to give, in cold
blood, my omcuu or formal sanction or ed
ict to tho execution of thirty-eight human
beings ! It seems to me there can be
nothing on record, no precedent from
any civilized ruler, nothing in the his-
tory oi tne world line it, ana a nemuie
at its contemplation. Mr. Bamsey, why
why didn't Gen. Sibley first do the
hanging, and then, if necessary, ask me
to approve his action'"
Acting upon this suggestion (if such a
construction could be placed upon - it),
Senator Kamsey said, "All right. Mr.
.Lincoln," and then telegraphed to Gen.
Sibley to go ahead with the hanging,
Chicago Tribune.
Pugilism and the Bench.
if
is
ol
an
a
of
Mr. Justice Brett has just startled re
spectable society by giving a lift to the
prize-ring. It seems that in February
last two men had a pugilistic encounter
in a field in the neighborhood of London.
It was a very stiff fight, thongh the money
was only 1 a side; and while the victor
was seriously wounded, the beaten man
died the same nicht from the injuries he
had received. His nose was broken, his
head fearfully battered, and the cause of
death was concussion of the brain. It
was, according to the rules of the prize
ring, a fair fight, and Mr. Justice Brett
was led to regard it favorably in contrast
to the cowardly atrocities in the way of
kicking, of which we have lately had
such a shocking epidemic He said he
rionld not regard fighting with the fists
as a very heinous onense, even tnougn
did sometimes result in death; it was at
least better that people should use their
fists than a knife or iron-heeled boots.
He accordingly let off the victor in the
fight with a week's imprisonment, his
confederates and abettors being various
ly sentenced to a week and three days.
There is, of course, no reason to suppose
that the. triumphant combatant in this
case had any idea that he was actually
lolling his antagonist, but it is thought
that the Judge would have done well
avoid saying anything in justification
what at the best is a brutal and danger
ous sport. It is remarkable how rapidly
and completely pugilism has gone down
since the great fight between Sayers and
Heenan, and between Heenan and Tom
Kinc. which seemed to promise, from
their popularity and the distinguished
patronage they enjoyed, a revival of
noble art. The sport has now only
fluctuating existence among the lowest
1 mnol lVlOf111-A lnfiAPJl lf tllO TiOrjUla-
tion, and is scarcely ever heard of by
rest of the public. Even the sporting
nnners have long ago given up taking
notice of what was once one ef their
pastimes. London Correspond
ence New York Times.
The rabbit forms an important article
of food in Great Britain and Ireland.
Large numbers are imported from
Continent, and it is estimated that 27,-
000.000 are annually bred for food.
flesh is sold at twelve cents (gold)
pouud. which is fully a third less
the price of beef and considerably under
that of the choicer portions of the sheep.
The value of the annual supply is
mated at 7,D,uw,
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
Space.
1 w. 13 w. 1 m.n m. ( m.
m.
13 m.
1 inch
1 oo!i oo ta oo u 00 m ool
2 00 3 00 4 00 6 OOjlO 00
2 60 S 50 4 60 9 0011 60
S 00 4 00 IS 00 1 11 00 15 00
4 00 1 00 I 0015 OO 30 00
1(8 00
$10 00
2 incbea . . ,
8 inches . . .
4 inches . . .
1.1 00
15 OOl
17 S0
15 oo
18 00
20 00 '
SO 00
50 00
100 00
X ocMtimn
column,
1 column.
'15 00
T 00110 00(13 00,20 00 30 00;
40 00
75 00
10 00118 00123 00131 00; 55 OOj
Bostoeas cards of fire lines or less, $3 per nmiwi
Local notices 10 oents per line each insertion.
Sinrols annonncements of marriaaes and deaths.
and church and benevolent society notices inserted
free. 4ny additions to obituary noticsa will be
charged S cents per line.
Fstctb must b handed in aa earlv aa Toeedar
morning tcrinsnre Insertion the aaao weak.
uonununlcauons upon aucjecsi oi general or ur
eal interest are solicited.
THE PUMPKIN.
THE PUMPKIN. [Written upon receiving the gift of a pumpkin pie.
BY JOGN G. WHITTIER.
Oh, greenly and fair in the lands of the sun.
The rincs of the gourd and the rich melon run,
ana the rocK, ana tne tree, ana tne cottage emoia
With broad leaves ail greenness and blossaoms all
cold.
Like that which o'er Nineveh's prophet once grew,
While he waited to know that his warning was true,
And longed for the storm cloud, and listened in
Tain
For the rush of the whirlwind and red fire rain.
On the banks of the Xcnfl, the dark Spanish maiden .
Comes up with the fruit of the tangled vine laden
And the Creole of Cnba laughs out to behold
Through orange leaves shining the broad spheres
gold;
Tct with dearer delight from his home in the North,
On the fields of ills harrost the Yankee looks
forth,
Whore crook-necks are coiling and yellow fruit
shines;
And the sun of September melts down on his Tinea.
Ah ! oh Thanksgiving Day, when from Eaatasd from
West,
From North and from South come the pilgrim and
guest,
When the gray-haired New Eng lander sjees round
his board ' ..' .
The old broken links of affection restored,
When the care-wesnea man sees nis motner onoa
more.
And the worn matron smiles where the -Jdr! smiled
before.
What moistens the lips and brightens the eye
What calls back the past like the rich pumpkin pie?
Oh! fruit of knred boyhood! the old days recalling,
When wood grapes were purpling ana Drown nuts
were falling !
When wild, ugly faces were carved on its skin,
Glaring out through the darkness from the candle
within!
When we laughed round the corn heap, with heart
aU in tune,
Our chair a broad pumpkin, our lantern the moon,
Telling tales of tne lairy who traveiea nae steam.
In a pumpkin-shell coach with two rata far a team.
Then thanks for thy present ! none sweeter or bet
ter E'er smoked from an oven or circled a platter!
Fairer bands never wrought a pastry more fine.
Brighter eyes never watched o'er Its baking than
thine!
And the prayer, which my month is too fun to ex
press.
Swells my heart that thy shadow may never be lees ;
That the days of thy lot may be lengthened below,
And the fame of thy worth like a pumpkin Tina
grow;
And thy life be as sweet, and its last summer sky
Golden-tinted and fair as thy own pumpkin pie 1
Wit and Humor.
it
to
of
Pressed for time mummies.
Engaged for the next sot hens.
Nattjbe's spring suit a bloomer.
Booted sorrow An aching tooth.
A child of the sea A harbor-buoy.
A distant relation Your Ant-Ipodes.
LiOVEBS do the cooing before marriage.
and tradesmen do the billing after it
Musings among the apple-stands
Buy their fruits ye shall know them. "
The man who courted an investigation
says it isn't so good as an affectionate
girl.
Why is " naming the day " like anava
battle.' Because it s a marrytune en
gagement
Joculab entomology Professor: De
fine a black beetle. Pupil : A coaly
hopterous insect.
Canaii frauds Shouting "low bridge" '
to a prima donna who used to cook on a
canal boat, just to see her drop.
Every one turns his dreams into reali
ties as far as he can; man is cold as ice
to the truth, hot as fire to falsehood.
The man who sang, " Oh ! breathe no
more that simple air," went into the
smoking car, where it was more mixed.
Be not offended at a jest. If one
throw never so much salt at thee, thou
will receive no harm unless thou art raw.
Why are the fond glances a mother
casts upon her baby like Turkish cav
alry! Because they are mammy-looks
(Mamelukes).
"When the song's gone out of your life,
you can't start another while it's a-ringing
in your ears, but it's best to have a
bit of silence, and out o' that may be a
psalm'll come by and by.
We know men who will patiently sit
for an hour waiting for an opponent to
study out a move on a checker-board,
yet will growl if they have to wait ten
minutes lor weir uinuer.
How fkoudlt we enjoy what we have won in wars !
Ths wounds are healed; now well become na now
the scars!
Yet conflict leaves a sting behind it in the heart !
The honorable scars will in bad weather smart !
RuckerU
A good way to restore a man appar
ently drowned, is to first dry him thor
oughly inside and out, and then glap a
speaiong Lrumpi i w ius etu mm wwiux
him that his mother-in-law is dead.
A young lady, while out walking,
heard, for the first time, of her mother's
intention to marry again, and sne was
bilged to sit right down ana cry about
it. She could not go a step-farther.
The man who tried to enforce conjugal
obedience with a cowhide subsequently
remarked, as he put a fresh piece of
court plaster on his nose, that he had a
wife who couldn't be beat anywhere.
The tenor and soprano in a Boston
choir are to be married soon. A wag
: " They met by chants, the usual
way. .remaps n iney were tu m-euuu
of some married man they might not
duet."
"My dear," said a wife to her hus
band, " do you know what is the most
curious thing in the world!" "Yes,
madam," gruffly answered the brute,
' the most curious thing in tne world is
a woman who is not curious."
" Why. what drove you from home
such a bitter night as this !" asked a
woman of a poor little boy, shivering
and crying at the corner of a street.
Gross words, ne answered, wiui tne
tears streaming down his cheeks.
The Baptists of Catekill, at com
munion, recently found themselves with
out wine. A thief had, somehow, stolen
it, and the Recorder adds: "Any man
who would rob a church will slide down
hill in his grandmother's coffin."
Some men always want to cast a cloud
of gloom over a good thing. For exam
ple, when Mr. Harrison, of Delaware,
. . . . .... i i ,
found that he must me, ne said w ma
wife : " Jane, you'll have full swing
now, and it won t be a year before you'll
be in the poor-house, one aidn t utse
a bit of comfort at the funeral.
Burled in the Snow.
a
the
fa
vorite the
The
A startling disoovery was made in
Cherokee gulch, near Georgetown, on
Saturday last The facts, furnished by
a correspondent of the News, are about
these: in r eoruary three prospectors
took possession of a deserted cabin near
the head of the gulch, several thousand
feet above any trail or traveled road.
While the men were sleeping, aa ava
lanche of snow swept down from above,
striking and burying out of sight the
cabin and its inmates. On Saturday the
three men were found, the snow having
passed off. Their names are Patterson
Martin, Christopher Johnson and Pat
Morgan. The bodies were found side by
side, and covered with blankets. The
remains were brought to Georgetown
Saturday evening, and an inquest was
held, resulting in a verdict in accord
ance with the facta aa stated.?-Denver
News,

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