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PUBLISHED EVERT THURSDAY
L. GK GO UZiD.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
la Advance - - . . fl 9U
Joa Piktihb of all descriptions fnrnMwd to
order, and guaranteed to prore satisfactory m to
Thk annual rental of pews in Ply
month Chnrch came off the other day,
- and netted the neat little ram of $71,165.
A. farmer in Jackson county, Mo.,
recently ditched and destroyed one hun
dred and twenty bushels of grasshoppers
in three days' work.
Thk New York Herald calls the
Brooklyn trial the " Trial ot Endurance."
But whose endurance is most tried t We
presume it must be the jury's.
A Chicago editor mentions the fact
hat Weston, the pedestrian fraud, is
again walking against time, and cruelly
exclaims : " If he would only walk up
very hard against a barrel of nitro
Some one proposes that the descend
ants of the original signers of the Declar
ation of Independence shall meet in 1876,
at Philadelphia, and -have a first-class
Thk late John C. Breckinridge was
one of three of the most exalted Masons
in the United States Gen. Albert Pike,
of Arkansas, and CoL De Saussere, of
South Carolina, holding equal rank.
It is estimated that three-tenths of
the goods imported in New York are
smuggled, and that the government does
not derive over 79 per cent, of the gross
revenue due upon importations in that
As this is the season of gush and love
making, this item will interest senti
mental youths and maidens: "When
you write on a postal card to your sweet
: heart, use ink made of a solution of 10.
grains hyposulphite of soda in 16 tea
spoonfuls of water. This is .colorless,
bat on being exposed to heat turns
One of the crew of the ill-fated Schiller
was arrested in Hoboken for being
drunk, a few days before the vessel
sailed, and sent to jail for five days. His
time expired the day after the Schiller
sailed, and he escaped the fate of most
of his companions. This statement is
made as a matter of news, and not to
encourage bibulous persons in the habit
of getting drunk in the hope of thereby
escaping marine disasters.
Thk New York Herald publishes a sen
sational dispatch from London to the
effect that it has been discovered in En
gland that Messrs. Moody and Sankey,
the celebrated Evangelists, are in the
employ of P. T. Barnuin, the great show
man, whose object is to found a new re
ligion. . The story runs that Moody and
Sankey are put forward as a counter
poise to the novelty of English and
A MOB old revolutionary party lives
at Lodi, Ohio. His name is Homer
Griffin. He is 111 years old, has only
one arm, never smoked nor chewed nor
snuffed, but (alas !) has been an habitual
consumer of ardent spirits for over a
century. He can still work in the gar
den and chop wood with his remaining
arm. His first vote was cast for George
Washington, who was consequently
elected, many others following young
Mr. Griffin's example.
At the recent election in St. Louis,
the new system by which the judges of
election count the ballots every hour was
followed with the most satisfactory re
sults. The returns were all in early,
and it was shown that the hourly an
nouncements of the number. ef votes
cast was an effective preventive of some
of the frauds that have heretofore been
noticeable on the part of judges of elec
tion. With an increased number of pre
cincta.to reduce the pressure at the polls
and render voting more convenient, this
new Bystem will doubtless meet the gen
eral approbation, and should be univer
A New York disatch saysJudge Neil
son is outlining his charge to the jury in
the Tilton-Beecher scandal case. His
Honor's ideas of what the Judge's
charge should be are somewhat different
from the practice which has obtained
.with some of the Judges in the State.
Judge Neilson is opposed; as a general
rule, to any comments by the Judge
upon the testimony as presented. He
believes in confining his charge to an
outline of the case as presented, the
points of law involved, and points in the
evidence that .are entitled to particular
consideration. The charge will proba
bly occupy from a day to a day and a
A New York letter-writer, gossiping
about New York journals and journalists,
says the Tribune probably has more out
side contributors than any daily in the
country. As many as twenty-five or
thirty men and women of ability, learn
ing and reputation furnish editorials
from time to time; among them Thomas
Wentworth Higginson, Lucia Gilbert
Bunklo, Octavius B. Frothingham, Re
becca Harding Davis, John Fiske, Julia
Ward, Howe, Henry James, Edmund
-: Clarence Stedman, Kate Field,' Thomas
Hughes, Moncure D. Conway, Wm. B,
Alger, Gail Hamilton, John G. Whittier
and Richard Henry Stoddard. The rate
is $10 to $15 a column ; sometimes,
though not often, $20 and upward.
Mb. James Lice, the eocentrio Cali
fornia millionaire, has made a new trust
deed, differing from the one revoked in
a very few particulars. The donation
for statuary at the State capital of $250,'
000 is changed to $100,000 for statuary
at the City Hall is San Frucicoo. Th
ft. t .W . . ak. V A .W ril L.
L. G. GOULD, Publisher.
Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party, and the Collection of local and General News.
Terms, $1.50 per Annum, in Advance.
VOL.' VIII. NO. 29.
EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, JUNE 3, 1875.
WHOLE NUMBER 422,
.l jr ilia i m. v " n r r-ww. r m h . u i j
appropriation for the Key monument is
reduced from $150,000 to $60,000. The
$700,000 for the Lake Tahoo Observa
tory is committed to the University of
California, to be used for the same pur
pose. The donation to the Mechanic
Arts School is raised from $300,000 to
$540,000. The gift to hia son is raised
from $3,000 to $150,000. For himself
he gives up the lien of $25,000 annually,
and takes a gross sum of $500,000. The
estate becomes immediately available for
beneficiary purposes. He will be one of
the trustocs himself.
The Findlay, Lima and Southwestern
Telegraph Company, recently incorpor
ated with a capital of $10,000, aro pro
paring to build a telegraph lino between
Findlay and Celina, along the Lake Erie
and Louisville railroad. -..
The success of the Springfield, Jack
son and Pomeroy narrow-guago coal road
is assured, as every dollar of the $800,
000 required to build the road has been
secured. Preparatory work upon the
road will be commenced immediately.
A nice old revolutionary party has
been discovered at Lodi., Mr. Homer
Griffin, who is 111 years old, and has
only one arm, never smoked nor chewed
nor snuffed, but (alas!) has been an
habitual consumer of ardent spirits for
over a century. He can still work in the
garden and chop wood with his remain
ing arm. His first vote was cast for
George Washington, who was conse
quently elected, many others following
young Mr. GrifOn's example.
Kev. Enwra W. House, assistant edi
tor of the Western Christian Advocate,
died at his office in Cincinnati, sudden
ly, last week. He. had been for many
years in that position, and was no doubt
a victim of overwork. His duties were
laborious and exacting, but he always
performed them with unswerving fidelity
and without complaint. Ho was widely
known throughout the Methodist denom
ination, and universally respected and
Otjb Secretary of Stato claims that
Ohio is the first in the Union in the
quantity of winter wheat sho produces ;
in the estimated value of all farm pro
ductions, including betterments and ad
ditions to stock; in value of all animals
slaughtered, or sold for slaughter; in
value of all orchard products; in valuo
of all milch cows; in value of all butter
and cheese ; in amount of improved
land; in value of cattle other than work-1
ing oxen; in value of live stock, and in
amount of land in farms.
A meeting of rcpresetatives of the
press and prominent citizens of Colum
bus, was held a few days ago, at which
committees were appointed and stops
taken to make the social part of the com
ing Editorial Convention, which meets
there on June 3, a grand success. An
excursion to the coal fields over the
Hocking Valley road, a visitto the Agri
cultural College,' and a social reception
tendered by tho citizens, are among the
festivities provided for. All editors in
the State, whether members of the asso
ciation or not, are Invited to attend the
Crimin An negligence was punished in
England recently, in the case of a " night
inspector" of a railroad, who " forgot
that he had ordered one train forward,'
and so ordered another right into it, oc
casioning a terrible collision, by which
many lives were lost. He was tried for
manslaughter last month, found guilty,
"with a strong recommendation to
mercy," and sentenced to eighteen
months imprisonment, with hard labor.
A case almost precisely similar in Ohio,
where the guilty person was a young
woman who acted as telegraph operator,
resulted in the poor creature's dismissal
from the company's service !
The splendid success of tho rccen
musical festival at Cincinnati emphasized
the lack of a suitable building for such
purposes. At a recent meeting of the
festival managers a letter was read from
a prominent public-spirited citizen,
named Benben P. Springer, tendering
them the munificent sum of $125,000, to
be used for the construction of a suitable
musical hall. It is confidently believed
that this will be followed by other dona
tions, and that the next festival will be
a genuine jubilee, in a magnificent new
The Legislature of Ohio, at its last
session, made an appropriation for a fish
hatchery establishment, and tho Fish
Commissioners, some of whom had in
vestigated the subject in Europe, lately
visited Michigan, and after an inspection
of the manner in which the business of
propagating fiish is conducted in that
State, concluded that N. W. Clark, of
Northville, had the most complete sys
tem. His plans have been adopted by
the Ohio Fish Commissioners, and Mr.
Clark appointed to superintend the erec
tion of the hatchery house.
The family of Mr. Stark, of Columbus,
recently had a little unpleasant experi
ence from eating poisoned chow-chow,
which happily did not result in anything
serious. Dr. JJeckwim was called in
and administered tho usual antidotes,
which soon removed all fears of serious
results. A portion of the chow-chow
was analyzed and found to contain ar
senic. The theory is that arsenic is
used for the purpose of imparting an
elegant coloring. The article is prepared
in a large kettle, and the arsenic usually
settles to the bottom, thus relieving the
chow-chow of any of its dangerous quali
ties. Sometimes, through carelessness
in bottling, the dregs are also token up,
and in such cases there is danger of fatal
rwulU if the proper antidotes aro not
NEWS OF THE WEEK.
Cardinal McCloskey has been presented with
a diamond cross worth ('20,000 by tho young
lady pupila of St Vincent's Institute, in New
Another murder, even more horrible in its
details than that of Mrs. Bingham a few weeks
since, was perpelratod in Boston last Sunday.
k bright little girl, Mabel Young, 5 years of
ago, was murdered in a church, and braised
and mutilated. Tho body was carried up in the
tower and thrown upon the floor of the loft
The sexton of tho church, Thomas riper, has
been arrested on suspicion of being the author
of this foul murder.
Farther investigation into the defalcations of
Jackson, the missing Boston lawyer, swells tho
amount to ovor 700,000.
A terrific explosion ooenrred in tho drug
store of J. L. Low, in Boston, last week, demol
ishing the four-story building in which the
store was situated, and burying a large number
of people in tho ruins. Six dead bodies have
been taken from the ruins, and it is behoved
that others will bo found. A large number of
poopta were also injured. Various theories are
advanced as to the nature and cause of the ex
plosion, the chief one being that a gas gen-
orator in the cellar exploded. It is also stated
that nitro-glycerine was stored in the building,
as no other substance could have caused such
A party of five persons, while yachting on
Spy pond, near South Holyoke, Mass., the
scene of the dreadful holocaust by the burning
of the French Catholic Church, were capsized,
and two of them, little girls of twelve and thir
teen years of age, were drowned.
After a protracted trial, the St Louis Repub
lican has been assessed one cent damages for
sailing a 1 wyer a "shyster."
Tho issue of the Chicago Inter-Ocean lot
May 21 was probably the largest daily paper
ever issued in this or any other country. It
contained the delinquent tax-list of Cook coun
ty, and the whole paper embraced IS full sheets
of 8 pages each. 111 pages, and 8C4 columns.
Thirty compositors were employed 36 days in
putting it in type, working 104 hours per day.
The manuscript copy of this enormous tax-list
weighed 275 pounds, and occupied 13,370 pages.
The grasshoppers arrived in Kansas City last
week on their Eastern journey. They marched
into town and covered the sidewalks, fences,
yards, etc., and the citizens, instead of going
to church, devoted the day to destroying the
Darnel OLcary, the pedestrian, has just ac
complished at Chicago, the marvelous feat of
walking 500 miles in 153 hours.
As might have been anticipated, the at
tempts of parties of miners to roach the Black
Hills and their arrest by tho military are caus
ing trouble. The Gordon party was
stopped by a company of soldiers while
they were in the State of Nebraska. They
refused to be arrested, preferring to
fight The officer in command of the detach
ment was sent ts Fort Laramie and to Camp
Sheridan, and a company of men with a Catling
gun started fcr his assistance. The miners
also sent out couriers, and intelligence was
convoyed to about 580 other prospectors, who
wcro on thoir way to the lulls, to hurry on and
join in a resistance to he soldiers. 3) can while
a dispatch was sent -to Gon. Sheridan, asking
that the Gordon party bo set at liberty ; and
the General ordered their unconditional re
lease, provided they wore in the Stato of Ne
braska when baited. He further states that
prospectors will not be allowed to enter the Big
Kansas epicures have tested the grasshoppers
as food, and find them very palatable.
The grasshoppers appear to be making but
slow progress in the West They are being de
stroyed in great numbers by every means at the
command of the farmers, and it is now hoped
that their devastations will not be as great as
was at first approhended.
The officers of the secret service, in search
of evidence to be used against the Chicago
distillers, conceived tho idea that the freight
bills of the several railroads would show how
much spirits had been shipped within a given
time, and by comparing these bills with the
books of the distillers and gangers, an approx
imation of the amount out of which the gov
ernment had been defrauded might be ob
tained. Tho officers had some trouble with the
Pittsburg and Fort Wayne company, but finally
received abstracts of bills of lading, which
furnish presumptive evidence of gigantic
McWaters, the notorious Western desperado,
who was under sentence of twenty years' im
prisonment in the Nebraska State Prison at
Lincoln, has finally ended his career, being
shot dead by the guard in attempting to lead a
revolt of the prisoners.
Kansas City dispatches stato that the grass
hopper scare is rapidly abating, and that, as a
feeling of rejoicing has generally taken the
place of dread and gloom among the people,
the Chief Executive will soon be called upon to
issue a proclamation for a day of thanksgiving
instead of fasting and prayer.
Gray Beard, one of the most troublesome of
the Indian prisoners recently taken from Fort
Sill to Florida, met his death in a rather nn
hcroic manner tho other day. Tho noble brave
jumped from the train near Lake CJity, Florida,
and attempted to escape by running, but a well-
directed shot from ono of the guards brought
him to the dust He died cursing the soldiers
and the white tribe generally, two hours after
Indians in Toxas are both numerous and
troublesome. A wliite woman was recently
killed by them, and by way of retaliation a
party of rangers killed five of the savages and
one renegade white man, and carried their
heads to Jacksboro.
Baltimore stands a chance of securing the
Inman line of twelve or fourteen steamships,
to ply between her harbor and Liverpool.
Ferdinand Dudenhofcr, Receiving Teller of
the Germania National Bank, New Orleans, has
been arrested charged with embezzling $15,000.
Postmaster-General Jewell has ordered tho
reletting of tho mail-contracts in which th
frauds were discovered.
The Sioux chiefs at Washington were dissat
isfied because they wcro quartcd at a temper
ance hotel, and wanted to go where fire-water
was more plenty ; but their Irishes were not
Spotted Tail, one of the big hi juris at Wash
ington, "did" that city last Sunday in a blue
blanket, blue flannel pants, and a dome-crowned
felt hat of the latest fashion.
Attorney-General Fierrepont is stated to be
putting a Bharp edge on his official ax.
The Commissioner of the General Land Office
decides that the benefits extended by law to
pre-emptors who, by reason of the ravages, of
grasshoppers, are compelled to leave and be
absent from their lands, may also be extended
to pre-emptors whose crops have in like manner
j been' destroyed, but who, nevertheless, con-
tinned thoir residence upon their respective
: claims. Those whose crops were destroyed or
' seriously injured in 1871 will be entitled to an
extension of one year from and after July 1,
1875, and, when the injury occurs in 1875, the
extension will dato from July 1, 1876.
The Secretary of the Treasury has appointed
Gen. J. D. Webster, of Chicago, Mr. Tost, a
Now York architect, and Mr. Norcross, a Massa
chusetts architect as a commission to examine
tho Chicago Custom-House banding, and de
cide whether tho walls must come down.
In his interview with the Sioux chiefs the
other day the FTosident proposed that they
leave the Black Hills and migrate to the Indian
Territory ; but Bed Cloud said they would never
leave tho mountains of the North. Spotted
Tail denied ever having questioned the veracity
of Secretary Cowan and Commissioner Smith.
A visit was paid last week t the Fresident of
the United States by the Fapal envoys now in
this country. The Holy Father at Rome had
especially desired to tender tho compliments of
the Bcason to tho hoad of the American nation,
and that was what it was all about
The United States Centennial Commission
mot last week in Philadelphia, and organized
by the election of Gen. Joseph R. Hawley, of
Connecticut to tho Presidency, with a largo
numbor of Vice-Fresidonts and mombors of the
Executive Committee. The programme of
ceremonies for the opening and closing of the
Exhibition and the Fourth of July embraces the
designation of U. S. Grant as Fresident;
Charles Francis Adams and L. Q. C. Lamar,
orators ; Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, poet ;
Ralph Waldo Emerson, reader of the Declara
tion of Independence ; Gon. W. T. Sherman,
Grand Marshal Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, late of
the Confederate army, Master of Ceremonies.
For genuine, unadulterated cheek commend
us to the noble savage. At the initial inter
view between the Sioux delegation and Presi
dent Grant at Washington, last week, Red
Cloud opened the ball by informing the " Great
Father" that the whole pale-face race wore
liars, present company not excepted. Spotted
Tail snapped his fingers threateningly in the
President's face, and notified him plainly that
he need not send them to the Secretary of the
Interior, as they would treat only directly with
the Great Father. Lone Horn followed by
shaking his fist under the President's nose, and 4
informing him in a defiant tone that he (Lone
Horn) "owned all this country," and that it
wouldn't be safe to trifle with him and his
braves any longer.
Gen. Sherman has been offered $60,000 by
a publishing house for the right of publishing
his memoirs exclusively.
A scheme is on foot at New York for the re
organization of the Northern Pacific Railroad
Company, with a view to the completion of tho
line from its present terminus at Bismarck, Da
kota, to Puget Sound.
This is the season of religious anniversaries.
Judging by the number recently in session in
all parts of tho country one would think the
Americans a very religious people. Neverthe
less the criminal record does not seem to dimin
ish very perceptibly. More missionary work at
home is evidently greatly needed.
The Pennsylvania Republican State Conven
tion met at Lancaster last week, and re-nomina
ted Gov. Hartranft Henry Rawle, of Erie, was
nominated for State Treasurer. The resolu
tions favor protection to home industry,
cheap transportation, free banking, and a safe
and uniform national currency, adjusted to the
growing wants of the business interests of the
country, equalization of soldiers' bounties, and
the speedy adjustment of all claims arising out
of the late war. A resolution was adopted de
claring against a third term, .and another oppos
ing the doctrine of State rights.
Disraeli is credited with an intention of re
signing at the close of the session of Parlia
ment Germany has requested Belgium to prohibit
A religious procession passing through the
streets of Brussels recently was attacked by the
populace and compelled to seek refuge in neigh
boring houses. Ten of the rioters were arrested
by the police.
Violations of the press and ecclesiastical laws
are rigorously punished in Germany. About 100
persons were recently fined or imprisoned in
the space of fourteen days, the number includ
ing priests, editors, etc
A forty-boat having a number of Catholic pil
grims on board was recently sunk in the river
Mur, province of Tyrol, Austria, and seventy
six of the pilgrims drowned.
The Mark Lane Express predicts a poor crop
of cereals in France on account of the drought
The upper house of the Prussian Diet has
passed the bill for the suppression of convents,
and relative to the administration of church
A man has been arrested in Vienna who was
the bearer of an anonymous letter containing
an offer to assassinato Bismarck for a million
florins. The writer of the letter has not beerj
Owing to the dissensions among the con
servatives in the French Assembly, the Repub
licans have been permitted to choose a majority
of the new Committee of Thirty, which is to
have full sway after the adjournment of the
Assembly. Fortunately for France, however,
but few extremists have been elected, and there
will be no great danger from their administra
Burning of a Catholic Church at South
Holyoke, Mass.—Seventy-five Persons
Either Burned or Crushed to Death.
One of the most terrible disasters in the his
tory of Massachusetts occurred on tho evening
of Thursday, May 27, in tho burning of the
French Catholic Church at South Holyoke,
during service, involving the death of sixty-six
men, women, and children. The following are
the particulars of the dreadful calamity, as
telegraphed to the daily press :
The exercises had nearly closed, and a vesper
service was being sung, when the draperies on
the altar caught fire from a candle, and the
wall being low and the flames streaming up,
the building was Bet on fire. The audience
numbered about 700 people. In the body of
the church the people escaped, but on the
stairway leading from the gallery tinman beings
wore packed in a dense mass, struggling to
reach the floor. As the flames rushed toward
them, many leaped to the floor beneath, and
were trampled to death.
The gallery skirted both sides of the build
ing, with only one entrance from the front
The scene was fearful while it lasted, for
the whole was over in twenty minutes. Be
sides the Bixty-six dead, there aro enough fatal
ly wounded to carry the total loss up to seven-
The exercises had nearly closed when the
flame from the candle caught the drapery
around the statue of the Virgin Mary, streamed
up and caught the building. Immediately a
panic ensued, and the paople rushed for the
doors, mere was out one entrance to the gal
lery, and that from the front On the stairway
leading from the gallery the people weie packed
in solid mass, struggling to clear themselves, as
the flames rushed m that direction, and this
soon became blocked, rendering exit impossi
ble. Many jumped over the sides of the galle
ries on the crowd beneath, and wero trampled
on and killed. The priest's residenco joins the
church on the roar, and many escaped through
an entrance leading to tho house back of tho
altar. The priest's exertions to keep order were
The screams of the living and moans of the
dying made deafening tumult above the eriere
of tho pastor, who worked moat heroically, and
was personally instrumental in saving many
lives. One family of four were in the church,
and all were lolled. Many wore pulled out by
tho arms and fcot so badly burned that they
lived but a few hours, the flesh peeling off on
being touched. Some were taken out with
scarcely any flesh remaining on their bones.
Those who were too badly burned to recover
were put under the effects of morphine, and
passed away without a struggle.
While the exercises were being held over the
dying the most intense quiet prevailed, and the
rough laborers knelt upon the floor, with un
covered heads. But about tho Morgue and in
tho streets, tho waning of the multitude was
pitiful to hoar.
Ono girl escaped from tho gallery by jump
ing on the back of a man, who carried her out
while her sistor, who was with her, was burned.
Several members of one of tho hose companies
were playing ball near the church when the fire
broke out ud a relief steamer was out for
practice, so that tho firo department was
promptly on the Bpot
Scenes at the doors are described as torriblo.
They wore blocked with struggling people seek
ing exit Outnido people cleared tho way sev
eral times, but as often it would become blocked
up again. Windows were broken open and sev
eral escaped in that wav.
Lewis Langlara, of the Riverside Mill, went
in to render assistance, when a littlo girl came
tumbling down before the door under thn fnet
of tho throng. Though be burned his hands
baldly in doing it ho was able to pull her out
out littlo injured. A vounr woman beat out
ono of tho window frames and jumped to the
ground safely. An old woman of 00 wont to,
tho same opening, and, hesitating to jump, she
was nulled inside bv tho hair bv a brutal fl.
low. Ho jumped clear and sho foil and was
i tamiiy of hve, four got out alive, ;one
httle girl of 12 years being binned. She was
tcarf ullv sounht bv her littlo brother and it IohI
John Lynch, a mason, fhidinir the neonle
pressed in at the bottom of tho church rinnr.
pulled many down who were on top, thus sav
ing a dozen lives.
Ex-Constable Casey describes the scene as
he saw it with a glass from the top of the Hutch
ingB House Block. The whole affair was over
in fifteen minutes. Ho could plainly seo through
the blazing rafters people running about Large
black spots could bo Been in tho flumes, and
half a minute later these spots wont out in a
brilliant light which was succeeded by a dark
Levi Roberts, who. with his familv of fonr
children, wero in tho gallery, saved his three
daughters by forcing them out of the door, but
ins ooy, a Dngut lad or 11, perished in the
Miui peuplu nci badly injnred by jumping
from the gallery windows. Annie Hibbert and
a child 6 years of age escaped from the build
ing after their clothing had become ignited,
and many persons had their limbs broken at
tempting to escape.
Ravages of the Hungry Pests in Missouri
and Kansas—A Gloomy Outlook for the
Tho Chicago Times, of Mav 23. has
extensive telegraphic reports of the cast-
ward march ot the grasshopper pestilence.
from which we take the following ex
A dispatch from Liberty, Mo., rives
the following discouraging report of the
progress of the pesta : " The warm
weather of tho last few days has caused
the grasshoppers to increase alike in
numbers and voracity, and matters are
becoming worse here, though in some
localities they are said to be dying. At
this place, there is a nightly illumina
tion of gas and coal-oil dispensed. Nu
merous torches appear in nearly every
garden, and millions of grasshoppers,
dreaming sweetly of tho harvest of the
morrow, are rudely awakened, and meet
death at the hands of the fire-fiend. In
this manner much has been savtfd, and
it is now the common way of fighting
the insects. In portions of tho county
they are now making depredations on
wheat and corn, which wero hitherto
but slightly injured. A prorninent attor
ney of this city has- just returned from
Bates and Cass counties. In the former,
he coiiiirms the report of perfect desti
tution. In the latter, the "hopper is
sweeping everything, and farmers are
making no futhor efforts at crops."
Au Atchison telegram gives the follow
ing account of the ravages of tho pests
in Kansas: " If any difference could bo
detected this morning, the grasshoppers
appear more abundant than ever, at
least in Atchison. In the southern and
western portions of the city the ground
is literally covered with them, and they
appear to be going in a body toward
the southeast. But very few are noticed
with wings, and they appear to be flying
away shortly after the transformation.
From certain localities we hear the most
dismal reports of their depredations. In
portions of Doniphan county, especially
along the line of the railroad, they are
reported as destroying everything
corn, wheat, flax, barley, and oats
hardly leaving a spear to mark the fields.
Farmers are righting them desperately,
by every means known. In Brown
county wholo neighborhoods work to
gether, pursuing some systematic and
thoroughly tried plan, and bushels of
the little rod logs are disposed of. The
samo course is being pursued in many
parts of Atchison and Doniphan coun
ties. Nearly every farmer we have con
versed with from Atchison and tho coun
ties adjoining express themselves as
somewhat discouraged,' but not at all
disheartened, and they are even now
making arrangements to plant as soon
as the pests take their departure "
Lawrence, Ma, semis tno iollowrng
report: " The grasshoppers received a
severe punishment here to-day by a se
vere storm of hail which passed over-the
city this afternoon. Thousands of them
wero pelted to death by hail stones,
which were, so large that many wmdows
were broken. As tho season advances
the 'hoppers grow larger. It is evident
the damage will not be as serious as at
first supposed, still tho crops have re
ceived very great injury, and not more
than half a growth of wheat may be ex
pected." A Leavenworth (Kan.) telegram says :
"Observations confirm previous reports
that the grasshoppers are on the move.
Columns of the insects can be seen skip-
pine along in a southwesterly direction.
Many iarniers are going over iiieir corn
fields, replanting the hills that have been
destroyed. Owing to the backwardness
of the season, many say they will con
tinue to plant corn until the middle of
Juno, with a fair prospect of a crop."
The report from Lexington, Mo., is
equally gloomy: " The grasshoppers are
still with us, in countless numbers.
Myriads of tlicni passed through this
city to-day, going east. It was quite
amusing to see wholo families men,
women, and children fighting them, in
a vain attempt to keep the " nasty littlo
critters" out of their gardens and flower
beds. Farmers on the prairies are burn
ing them by the millions. They organize
into platoons, drive the grasshoppers
into a ravine, throw straw on them, and
set it on fire. One farmer says he has
kept them out of his .fields by burning
them off of the fence every night."
Kichmoud, Mo., reports: "Grasshop
pers are here by the million. They arc
destroying gardens and meadows, and
several pieces of corn and wheat in this
locality have been nearly destroyed by
thom, They commeuced going in a
northeast direction thismoruilig, making
a clean road."
A SAD REVELATION.
Mrs. Many Lincoln, Widow of the Late
President. Adjudged Insane.
[From the Chicago Times.]
The conduct of the widow of the
lamented Abraham Lincoln has boon
criticised by many people since tho death
of her husband. Borne have accused her
of serious indiscretion, while others have
pitied her and pronounced her actions
tho result of mental weakness. She has
certainly been credited with some extra
ordinary freaks of conduct within the
past ten years, as was averred yesterday
by a score of her friends and acquaint
ances. Her eccentricities have frequently
been the subject of comment, and her
methods have been anxiously studied by
members of her family, as well as by
life-long friends of President Lincoln,
who have ever been interested in the
welfare of his relict; and it has become
a matter of serious consideration with
them as to its cause. Gradually tho ter
rible truth has dawned upon their minds
that her reason has become partially de
throned. Those who have known her
intimately knew her to be of a very ex
citable nature, and since the assassina
tion of her husband they have observed
peculiar traits in her character which
rmov never noticed before.
All her former actions are now ex
plained, with the motive which prompted
them, and the public will pity the poor
woman who has lived alone, almost en
tirely apart from her near relatives and
friends for so long a time; universal
sympathy will take the place of .censure,
for her actions will be understood now.
Mrs. Lincoln has never been consider
ed a woman of strong nature, and, being
so closely connected with a man' of noble
purposes and sound judgment, the con
trast was the more striking. It has been
mistrusted by her near friends and rela
tives that she has been the victim of
mental aberration, and they have studi
ously avoided making the discovery pub
lic, but have striven to conceal the fact,
in tho hope that she would eventually
recover. In this, however, they have
been sadly disappointed, and yesterday
disclosed the secret to the people of the
At 2 o'clock yesterday afternoon, a
large concourse of people assembled in
the County Court-room. Among them
were observed some of the most promi
nent citizens of Chicago lawyers,
judges, merchants and capitalists; men
who are seldom seen in places of this
kind, to the neglect of their business,
unless something of more than usual im
portance is to occur. It was evident a
jury trial of no little moment was about
to take place.
At length the solemn arrangements
were completed, the door was opened,
the crowd parted from left to right, and
in walked no less a personage than Mrs.
Abraham Lincoln, accompanied by Mr.
S. M. Turner of the Grand Pacific hotel,
and one or two others. She was assigned
a chair at the end of one of the tables,
near the outer railing and facing the
court. Her son, Robert Lincoln, entered
almost immediately, in company with
Hon. Isaac N. Arnold, who was retained,
at the request of Mrs. Lincoln, as her
counsel. All being in readiness, the
bailiff announced that the trial on hand
was for the purpose of testing the sanity
of Mrs. Mary Lincoln, and by the direc
tion of the court proceeded to call the
roll of the jurors.
The testimony of the witnesses was
unanimously to the effect that Mrs. Lin
coln had been subject to actions such as
no person of sound mind would ever
exhibit. Some of the testimony was of
the most startling nature, and served to
ehow a great degree of forbearance and
patience on the part of her son and her
friends. From tho nature of a portion
of the evidence, Mrs. Lincoln is believed
to have beon for a number of years a
confirmed Spiritualist, and a part of her
faith seems to have been that the depart
ed spirit of her dead husband was con
stantly hovering near her, directing her
movements and counselling with her
upon every subject of possible interest
to her. It appears that she even went so
far as to make preparations for her death,
which she firmly believed would occur
on the 6th of September last. She
seems to have had no appreciation of
money, in one sense, though she
was declared by all the witnesses to be
fond of driving what she considered " a
good bargain." She has evinced a ma
nia for shopping, and has accumulated a
large amount of valuable goods, which,
however, did not appear to have been se
lected with a view of benefiting herself.
She would purchase the most expensive
and absufed articles of toilet and house
hold goods, such as she might never an
ticipate deriving any benent from. Her
insanity has assumed a variety of shapes,
and while she has invested thousands of
dollars of her income in frivolous
and fantastic ornaments, she has not ex
hibited any startling manifestations of
them in the way of personal decoration.
In tho closet of her room, at the Grand
Pacific, it is reported there are hundreds
of packages intact, as they came from
the stores, that have never been opened.
Following is the verdict of the jury :
We, tho undcrsiiracd, jurors in the case of Mary
Lincoln, aliened to be inHauf, having heard the evi
dence in the cam, aro satisfied that the iraid Mary
Lincoln if innanc, and ia a tit person to be sent to a
Stato honpital for tho inaane ; that she is a resident
of the State of Illinois and the County of Cook ; that
her age is 5f years ; that the disease is of unknown
duration ; that the cause is unknown ; that the dis
ease is not hereditary ; that she iB not subject to
epilepsy ; that she does not manifest homiciJal or
suicidal tendencies, and that she is not a pauper.
Mrs. Lincoln has been taken to Dr.
Patterson's private insane asylum, at
Batavia, 111., where she will receive
every attention that filial affection can
Attempted Suicide of the Unfortunate
The Chicago Tribune gives the fol
lowing account of the attempted suicide
of Mrs. Lincoln: Airs. Jjincom went in
to tho drug-store of Frank Squair,
pharmacist, in the Grand Pacific Hotel,
and wanted him to give her some laud
anum and camphor, saying that she
needed it for neuralgia in the arm.
Knowing her mental condition he pre
tended ho had none ready, and that it
would take half an hour to put it up.
She said she would call in again for it,
and then walked out into the street.
Mr. Squair, supposing that she was go
ing to some other drag-storo, put on his
hat and followed her. Sho went directly
across the street to Rogers & Smith's, at
the corner of Adams and Clark. Just as
she was telling Mr. Smith that she wanted
some laudanum, Mr. Squair beckoned to
Smith, and when he came up, told him
who it was he was talking to, and that he
must not give her any laudanum. Mr.
Smith then said to her he could not sell
her any without a doctor's order, and
she left and went down the street to
Dale's where she asked for laudanum
and camphor separately. Mr. Squair
got iu ahead of her, and was consequent
ly able to prevent her getting anything
Then, seeing that she was about re
turning to the Pacific, be hurried, back
to his own place, and put up a mixture of
one drachm of liquid burnt sugar and ten
drops of tincture of camphor, in a 3
ounce bottle filled with water, and la
beled " Laudanum and Camphor." She
took it and went outdoors, and as soon
as she got on the sidewalk she drank the
contents. About ten minutes afterward
she returned to the drug store, saying
that her arm troubled her very much and
she wanted some more laudanum to add to
the mixture. Mr. Squair asked her if
she had used it, and she said no, she
wanted it stronger. She went behind
the counter and began watching him.
He told her the laudanum was kept in
the basement, so he went down there and
mado up a mixture-of an ounce ot liquid
burnt sugar, labeled it "Laudanum
Poison " cautioned her to be careful,
and gave it to her. She took it out and
drank it In the meantimo he had sent
for her son, who came and took charge
THE MISSISSIPPI BUBBLE.
The John Law Era of Speculation in France
—Extraordinary Acquisitions of Fortune.
The excitement, once kindled, was
stimulated by lying announcements of
the sailing of great fleets for Louisiana,
laden with merchandise and colonists;
of the arrival of vessels with freights
worth " millions;" of the establishment
of a silk factory, wherein 12,000 women
of tho Natchez tribes were employed; of
the bringing of Louisiana ingots to the
mint to be assayed; of the discovery in
Arkansas of a great rock of emerald, and
the dispatch of Capt Laharpe with a file
of twenty-two men to take possession of
the same. In 1718 Law sent engineers
to Louisiana, who did something toward
laying out its future capital, which he
named New Orleans, in honor of his
patron, the Regent
The royal paper rose rapidly under
this new demand. Other schemes fol
lowed, until John Law, through his va
rious companies, seemed about to "run "
the kingdom of France by contract,
farming all its revenues, transacting all
its commerce, and, best of all, paying all
its debts! Madness ruled the hour. The
depreciated paper rose, rose, and still
rose; reached par; went beyond par,
until gold and silver were at a discount
of 10 per cent. The street named Quin
campoix, the center and vortex of this
whirl of business, a mere lane twenty
feet wide and a quarter of a mile long,
was crowded with excited people from
morning till night, and far into the night,
so that the inhabitants of the quarter
sent to the polios a formal complaint
that they could get no sleep. Nobles,
lackeys, Bishops, monks, merchants,
soldiers, women, pickpockets, foreign
ers, all resorted to Za Hue, "panting,
yelling, operating, snatching papers,
counting crowns," making up a scene of
noisy confusion unexampled. One man
hired all the vacant houses in the street,
and made a fortune by sub-letting offices
and desk-room, even placing sentry
boxes on some of the roofs, and letting
them at a good price. The excitement
spread over France, reached Holland,
and drew to Paris, as was estimated at
the time, 800,000 strangers, places in the
public vehicles being engaged '"two
months in advance," and commanding a
t There were the most extraordinary ac
quisitions of fortune. People suddenly
enriched were called Mississippiens,aad
they behaved as the victims of sudden
wealth, unearned, usually do. Men who
were lackey one we.k kopt lackeys the
next A garcon of a wine shop gained
twenty millions. A cobbler who. had a
stall in the Bue Quincampoix, made of
four planks, cleared away his traps and
lot his boards to ladies as seats, and sold
pens, paper and ink to operators, making
two hundred francs a day by both trades.
Men gained money by hiring out their
backs as writing desks, bending over
while operators wrote out theii. con
tracts and . calculations. One little
hunchback made a hundred and fifty
thousand francs by serving as a pupitre
ambulant (strolling desk), and a broad
shouldered soldier gained money enough
in the same way to buy his discharge
and retire to the country upon a pretty
farm. The general trade of the city was
stimulated to such a degree that lor
while the novel spectacle was presented
of a community almost every member of
which was prosperous beyond his hop3s;
for even in the Rue Uumcampoix itself,
although some men gained more money
than others, no one appeared to lose
anything. And all this seemed the work
of one man the great, the incompara
ble "Jean Lass," as he was then called
in Paris. It was a social distinction to
be able to say, " I have seen him." His
carriage cbuld with difficulty force its
way through the rapturous, admiring
crowd. Princes and nobles thronged
his antechamber, a duchoss publicly
kissed his hand, and the Regent made
him Oontroller-ueneral of the Finances.
This madness lasted eight months.
No one needs to be told what followed it
how a chill first came over the feverish
street, a vague apprehension, not con
fessed, but inspiring a certain wish to
" realize." Dread word, realize ! The
tendency to realize was adroitly checked
by Law, aided by operators who desired
to "unload;" but the unloading, once
suspected, converted the realizing ten
de'jjy into a wild" ungovernable rush,
which speedily breught ruin to thou
sands, and long prostration upon France.
John Law, who in December, 1719, was
the idol of Paris, ready to perish of his
celebrity; escaped with difficulty from
the kingdom in December, 1720, hated,
despised, impoverished, to resume his
career as elegant gambler in the drawing
rooms of Germany and Italy. Harper's
Magazine for June.
The Postmaster-General has issued
the following order : Amending section
103 of the regulations of the Postoffice
Department, by striking out the words,
"An? the subscription must be for not
less than throe months," in the seventh
and eighth lines, so as to read follows:
bEC Mm. A regular suDscnner is a person
who has actually paid, or undertaken to pay a
subscription price for a newspaper, magazine,
or other periodical, or for whom such payment
has been made or undertaken to ne maae oy
sonic other person; but in the latter case such
payment must have boon made or undertaken
with the consent or at the previous request of
the person to whom such newspaper, magazine,
or periodical is sent. A person to whom any
such publication is sent without his consent or
request is not a regular subscriber within the
meaning of the law; and double transient rates
of postage will be charged on such publications
In a foot-note addressed to Postmas
ters, the Postmaster-General says
" Postmasters will observe that by this
amendment of the 103d section of the
regulations, persons who are subscribers
to a newspaper or periodicals, as defined
in the regulation, are to be regarded as
recnuar subscribers within the intend
ment of the postal kws, without regard
to th length of tim of their subscription,"
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
1 m. 3 m.i6 m.H m,
uu $6 on
2 inches ..
3 inches . . .
4 inches . . .
ool 3 0.1
Sill 3 50
ool 4 no
00 S 00
4 lull 6 OO'IO 00
4 en s ooiu so,
s onsii ixVir, on
1 column. .
8 00il5 00'40 00
la ntr-m nt :m nn
23 0m 00,53 Ooj
Business cards of firo lines or les, 13 per annum.
Local notices 10 cents per line each insertion.
Simple announcements of marriacra and deaths.
and chnrch and benevolent society notices inwrtcd
free. Knj additions to obituary notices will be
charged 6 cents per line.
1-avora kubt be handed in as early as Tuesday
moraine; to inanre ihacrtion the same week
tximmnnications upon subjects ox general or lo
cal interest are solicited.
THE COUNCIL OF HORSES.
TTpon a time a neighing- steed.
Who grazed anions' a nnmerous breed,
With mutiny had fired the train,
And spread dissension throURli tho plain. -
On matters that concerned the state
Tho council met in frrand debate.
A colt, whose eye-balls flamed with ire.
Elate with strength and youthful fire.
In haste stepped forth btfore the rest.
And thns the listening throng addressed :
" Alas ! how abject is our race.
Condemned to slavery and disgrace !
HhaU-wo our servitude retain,
Because our sires have borne the chain 7
Consider, friends, yonr strength and might,
Tia conqnest to assert your right.
How cumbrous is the gilded coach !
The pride of man is our reproach.
Were we designed for daily tod,
To drag tho ploughshare through the soilj
To sweat in harness on the mad.
To groan beneath the carrier's i' ial ?
How feeble are the two-legged kind !
What force is in onr nerves combined
Shall then our nobler jaws submit
To foam and champ the galling bit !
8ball haughty man my back bestride 7
ShaU the sharp spur provoke my side?
forbid it, friends ! lleject the rein ;
Yonr shame, your infamy disdain.
Let him the lion firBt control,
And still the tiger's famished arowl.
Let us, like them, our freedom claim.'
And make him tremble at our name.:'
A general nod approved the canse,
And all the circle neighed applause.
When, lo 1 with grave and soicmn pace,
A steed advanced before the race.
With age and long experience wise ;
Around ho cast his thoughtful eyes,
And to the mnrmurs of his train
Thns spoko the Nestor of the plain :
" When I had health and strength, like yon
The toils of servitude I knew.
Now grateful man rewards my pains,
And gives me all these wide domains.
At will I crop the year's increase ;
My latter life is rest and peace.
I grant to man we lend our pains,
Help him to cultivate the piainB ;
But doth not he divide the care
Through ail the labors of the year 7
How many thousand stmctnres rife
To fence us from inclement skies 7
For us he bears the sultry day.
And stores up aU our winter's hay.
He sows, ho reaps the harvest's grain ;
We share the toil, and share the gain. .
Since every creature was decreed
. To serve each other's mutual nocd,
Appease your discontented mind,
And act the part by Heaven assigned.
The tumult ceased. The colt submitted,
And, like hia ancestors, was bitted.
Wit and Humor.
WHALEMAN'S motto—Ile try.
Woman's movement Using the fan.
Babbebs say that bald headed men
A man sticks at nothing when he tries
to stab a ghost.
"The cause of woman suffrage"
Scarcity of husbands.
What did Noah's beos do while afloat?
They kept the archives.
The annual prediction of th i seventeen
year locusts turns punctually up.
Why are jokes like nuts? Because the
dryer they are the better they c.Tack.
Xou can't weigh an eel with scales, be
cause they have no scales, you know.
It is only when the rich are sick that
they realize the impotence of wealth.
Quite likely. Somebody says that
birch rods make the best baby jumpers.
A wokd to ladies It's always safe to
be "engaged" when a man, or woman
either, rings the door bell and asks -to
see " the lady of the house.
When the envious Miss McFlimsey
sees her rival dressed in something more
than ordinary elegance, she simply mut
ters the significant word "Smuggled!"
Blibbs' boy sayshat if he thought he
should ever get so old that he wouldn't
care for a molasses ball, he would pray
that he might die when he was young
Beboh says Quit the popular mode of
killing mosquitoes by rolling them be
tween the thumb and forefinger is bar
barous, as it only half kills the insects.
Tying shot around their necks and drown
in them would be more humane.
"The revisers of the Bible have
reached Isaiah in twenty-eight sessions."
This is very slow work. " Old Whaxem,
schoolmaster, reached Isaiah in one ses
sion. Isaiah was in the act of placing a
crooked pin on the master's seat at the
"Do you intend to masticate your
house "inquired a lady of a friend who
was building. He was a critical, cultured
New Englander, as exact as witty. .What
a droll look came over his face as he an
swered : " My wife says that I can eat
like an anaconda, and I am blessed with
the digestion of an ostrich ; but, really,
miirlam, I don't think I could manage a
Who blesses others in his daily deeds,
Will find the healing that his spirit needs; .
For every flower in others' pathway strewn,
Confers its fragrant beauty on our own.
BLESSING OTHERS. The Crops---An Encouraging Outlook.
[From the Chicago Times, May 22.]
We print in this morning's paper full
reports of the condition of the spring
wheat from all portions of the Northwest,
where it is a staple product. It will be
observed that the reports are exceedingly
encouraging. The spread is, in all sec
tions where the season is sufficiently ad
vanced, all that could be desired. In
some sections, however, tho season is ex
tremely backward, and the wheat is but
just above ground. Tins fact, However,
docs not necessarily argue a poor crop.
Indeed, with good weather during the
summer, it is quite probable that the
yield in these sections will be fully up
to the average of past seasons. Ut
course there are a good many contingen
cies that may arise between now and har
vest time to destroy the crop, but there is
no reason to apprehend any disastrous
results. On the whele it looks as if the
spring wheat crop will nearly, if not
quite, make up the deficiencies caused
by the winter-killing of winter wheat.
We have certainly reason to hope for
such a result
Two brothers named Gaff have estab
lished a mammoth hennery in Colorado,
ten miles from JJenver. it covers lour
acres, which is laid out like a village,
with streets and avenues, along which
are built long rows of houses of various
designs. Regular families are assigned
to these houses, and it is found that they
quickly domesticate themselves, without
troubling their neighbors. The imputa
tion of the village is about 2,000, divided
closely into social cliques of ISrahmas,
Cochins, Shanghaes and Dorkings, and
the products are eggs and spring chick
ens. Sundays included, the industrious
matrons of the village turn out daily
from forty to fifty dozens of eggs, which
are sold for from 30 to 50 cento a dozen.
The brothers Gaff express but a single
regret, and that is that they did "not
found their colony fifteen years ago,
when eggs brought $5 a dozen, and a
spring chicken was worth a pennyweight
An old blind horse at Stillwater,
Minn., walked off a bluff seventy-five
feet in height, and was not hurt, the old
nag walking oft" about his browsing, as
though, be had not just made th fcat
to on' record for snort distance.