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ittc (frafou Democrat.
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY
Ij. Or. GO U-IjD.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION I
' 1 AvAc '-
Job PanrnKa of all description fnrni.hd to
order, and guaranteed to prove satisfactory aa to
A-'CmcAoo sign beats the following
egend : "Bepaering, cpholstcring, var
- rosing, and new fnmituro after order.
In beet manner and on the most rcsena
ble terme cane chairs be seated.''
Thkrk does not at present seem to be
a notable predilection for military life in
the ranks of oar regular army. Accord
ing to a recent report from army head
quarters, over 1,700 men have deserted
within the last ten months, being a pro
portion of 1 in 14.
It is stated by a New York paper that
the couple married in a balloon to ad
vertise Bamnm's show didn't live to
gether three weeks. He boxed her ears,
he anbrum-haired'bride broke his nose,
and the theory of the eastern current is
KTflB Indianapolis Sentinel is the
happy defendant in two libel suits, dam
ages being laid in each at the respectable
sum of $50,000. The suite are based
upon the publication by the Sentinel of
certain alleged facts which came to light
in the course of an investigation into the
management of the Deaf and Dumb
Asylum. ' ,
Henri C. Stuatton, formerly Post
- master at Mooreston, N. J., who was
sentenced in the United States District
Court to pay a fine of $3,000 for unlaw
ully detaining and opening letters, ap
peared before the United States Com
missioner for that district, the other day,
and took the necessary obligation that
he was not worth the required amount,
and therefore could not pay it. In ac
cordance with the act of 1874 in such
cases, Stratton was therefore discharged.
It is a striking comment on our Congressional-enactments
for the benefit of
.' the postal service, that after the 1st of
' July a newspaper can be sent from
Brooklyn to Constantinople for two cents
.which would require four cents to carry
it from Brooklyn to New York. The
rate of postage on newspapers sent
abroad after Jily 1 will be two cents on
papers that do not weigh more than four
ounces, while at home the rate is one
cent on every ounce.
Cabbuth, the Vineland editor, has so
for reoovered that he is now able to walk,
and he will doubtless resume his edi
torial .labors before very long. An ounce
of lead is still situated somewhere in his
head, and its influence upon his literary
style will be watched with some interest.
His recovery will establish the fact that
lead in the brain of an editor is not neces
sarily fatal, and hereafter when aggrieved
individuals desire to assassinate editors
they will remember tho story of Carruth,
and, instead of foolishly shooting their
victims in the head, they will aim their
aenging pistols at a me vital part of the
' Thk reports from the West do not
confirm the apprehensions which were
at first excited by the reappearance of
the grasshopper pest. It now appears
that the pests are not genorally distrib
uted over any considerable section of
Tern lory, but are to be found here and
there only, with wide intervals untouched
between thoir different hatching places.
In many counties in Western Missouri
and Eastern Kansas they have ravaged a
few farmers only. In other counties a
few sections of land will be found to
have Buffered. Nowhere, it, seems, have
the ravages of the pests extended over
any whole county, and in only a very
few cases has general destruction of
crops been visited upon any entire town
ship. It appears that the eggs were de
posited and the insects hatched out
upon small tracts, rarely ever more than
a few acres in a place; that the young
grasshoppers, while wingless, do not
travel far from their hatching-places,
and that as soon as their wings are de
. veloped they leave in a general easterly
Tax list of steamers which have gone
down by fire, or wreck, or. explosion,
since the beginning of the present year
" MshnpTy appaTling. JOnan... average, a
" Btgamer has been destroyed every week
since the 1st of January, involving an
average loss of forty lives. Here is the
frightful catalogue : Jan. 4, a steamer
blown up on the Tyne, 10 lost ; Jan. 12,
steamer Cortes, sunk in the Bay of Bis-
. cay, 26 lost; Jan. 13, British steamer
Bride, sunk, 20 lost; Jan. 14, steamer
Alice, from Cardiff to Constantinople, 20
lost; steamer Berar, from Odessa to
Cardiff, 20 lost ; Jan. 20, steamer Thor-
nabia, from Cardiff to Bombay, 29 lost ;
. "Jan. 22, steamer Mongol, near Hong
Kong, 6 lost ; Jan. 26, steamer Lochna-
gar, from Aberdeen to Calcutta, 16 lost ;
Jan. 30, steamer George Batters, from
Forthoawl to Gibraltar; 21 lost ; Feb. 16,
steamer Berlin, off the Japanese coast,
30 lost ; Feb. 26, steamer Hong Kong,
. from London to Japan, 12 lost ; steamer
Vicksburg, at Fire Island, 1 lost ; March
, 3, steamer Gottenberg, off tho Australian
' coast; 166 lost ; March 12, steamer B. B.
Hart, at the foot of Island No. 102, Mis
sissippi river, 16 lost; towboat B. A.
Babbage, near Cairo, 3 lost ; March 16,
steamer William J. Lewis, at Chester,
I1L, 5 lost ; March 25, steamer Buby, in
Fuget Sound, 10 lost ; March 26, steamer
Lizzie Bea, on the Mississippi, 1 lost
April 4, steamer Fu Sing, 50 lost ; April
21, three steamers burned at New Or
leans, 75 lost ; May 3, steamer St. Luke,
at St. Louis, 9. lost; May 7, steamer
Schiller, off the Scilly Islands, estimated
890 lost May 8, steamer Cadiz, near
Bfstt, 63 l9t nd My I9t tamr
Swcter, at Portland, Oregon, f lest,
Aa laraiontion of tbia UH i hows that in
XT G: GOUID, PubUshcr.
Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party and the Collection of Local and General News.
Terms, $1.50 per Annum, in Advance.
VOL. VIII.--NO. 30.
EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, JUNE 10, 1875.
WHOLE NUMBER 423,
January there were 9 steamers and 168
lives lost; in February,' 3 steamers and
43 lives ; in March, 6 steamers and 201
lives ; in April, 4 steamers and 125 lives ;
in May, 4 steamers and 427 lives ; or, in
four months and a half, 26 steamers
have been destroyed and 9C4 lives.
Focb children one an infant of S.
M. Christian, were recently burned to
death by the explosion of a can of kero
sene with whioh one ef them was en
deavoring to kindle a fire.
At Xenia the- Biff will case, wherein
the deceased willed his property to vari
ous institutions, societies and persons,
disinheriting -his two children, has ter
minated in setting tho will aside.
At Cleveland, on Friday evening, tho
Northern Ohio Woolen Mills, caught fire
by the friction of machinery. The loss
is estimated at $60,000 ; insurance, $20,
000. Only a small portion of the build
ing was saved.
Thk success of the Springfield, Jack
son and Pomeroy narrow-guago coal road
is assured, as every .dollar of the $800,
000 required to build the road has been
secured. Preparatory work upon the
road will be commenced immediately.
A iabobeb on a wood train at Lima,"
named Andrew Daily, who was hurt a
few days since by a pile driver slipping
off a car, striking him in the abdomen,
causing internal injuries, died on Sun
day last. He leaves a wife and nine
At Cleveland, the other day, John
Keneen, aged 59, murdered his mother-in-law,
Mrs. Bridget Genan, aged 80
years, by cutting her head open with on
adz. The murderer then gave himself
up. He pleads insanity, and, says fliere
has been no trouble between deceased
Louisa Bohmeyer, a young German
girl, was found drowned in a cistern, at
Cincinnati, the othor day. . It was
thought a clear case of suicide, but indi
cations of efforts- on her part to save
herself either controvert that idea, or
indicate that she changed her mind after
taking the plunge, but too late to escape
Mrs. Boehm, the fat woman of Bar
num's show, died at her residence in
East Baltimore, a few days since, aged
29 years. Her weight was 583 pounds;
her height, 6 feet 4 inches, and the span
around the waist was 72 inches. She
was born in Licking connty, in this
State. Her maiden name was Hannah
At Youngstown, Sunday morning, two
boys named Tilden and Lord, about 14
years of age, and an unknown tramp,
were found dead in the casting house of
Andrews & Brother's furnace. Tho boys
went fishing on Saturday, and it is sup
posed fell into the water, and in the
evening went to tho furnace to dry bo
fore going home, laid down near the hot
blaze and were suffocated by the gas.
At Circlovillo, last week, W. Mar
shall Anderson, President of the School
Board, gave notice to the.teachcrs that
he would indorse no order for their sal
aries unless they complied with his order
to" discontinue the customary morning
reading of the Bible and prayer. Some
teachers had disregarded said order by
direction of a majority of the School
Board, and now war is imminent.
Thk Cincinnati Enquirer asks: "When
will Miss Cory come Bach that we may
Liszt to her sweet voice again?" And
the Boston Advertiser responds :
"Haydn't you better Handel the sub
ject differently, and not be Chopin it up
in that way? Compose yourself. Strauss
show which way tho wind blows, and
she is likely to be Offenbach. She will
soon be Wagner head in' Cincinnati if
you. will only make it an object."
Citizens of this State have recently
secured patents on the following inven
tions : Earth-augers, Geo. S. Strong,
Mount Vernon ; devices to protect work
men from the water while washing sheep,
C. H. and J. H. McCall, Morris town ;
extension-table slides, W. J. Boda, Day
ton ; lightning-rods, J. A. Klockncr,
Canton turn--iableaJ5L. M. Carpenter,
Cleveland ; music-teaching apparatus,
J." A. Scarritt, Columbus ; screw-cutting
dies, M. A. Griffith, Dayton ; augers,
M. Wells, Cleveland ; galvanic batteries,
W. M. Davis, Cleveland; strap-loops
S. C. Talcott, Ashtabula.
CkiminaIi negligenco was punished in
England recently, in the case of a " night
inspector" of a railroad, who " forgot"
that he had ordered one train forward,
and so ordered another right into it, oc
casioning a terrible collision, by which
many lives were lost. Ho was tried for
manslaughter last month, found guilty,
with a strong recommendation to
mercy, ana sentenced to eighteen
months imprisonment, with hard labor.
A case almost precisely similar in Ohio,
where the guilty pcrsan was a young
woman who acted as telegraph operator,
resulted in the pdor creature's dismissal
from tho company's service !
Br the fulling of a scaffold at the
Central Ohio Hospital for Insane, at
Columbus, lasj week, George Bowers,
Jerry Byan, Albert Gottlieb and Wm.
Herman were killed, and Fred. Euntz
and Ben Smith, it is thought, fatally injured.-
They fell a distance of eighty
five feet One man on the scaffold made
a descending jump of thirty feet and
alighted on a wall, escaping without in
jury. During the excitement which pre
vailed, the turners on one of the towers
quit their work, and left a soldering pot
behind- from which fire communicated
tg ttw t9ot, tw4 set to th t?wc.
damaging i( tf the amaiutt ef abmit
NEWS OF THE WEEK.
Itoccut conflagrations : Taylor's Block, at
Worcester, Mass., loss. $"263,000, insnranoe
$125,000 ; at St. Johns, N. B., St. Lake's
Church and sixty-eight houses and shops, with
a loss of 250,000, and 110 families rendered
homeless ; the Riverside Kail and riate
Mill, at Wheeling, W. Va., involving a loss of
A monster expedition is organizing in Phila
delphia for the Black Hills. It is said that
10,000 men are enrolled.
1L G. Cameron, of the Univoraity crow of
Trinity College, was drowned near Hartford,
Conn., last week, while practicing in a shell,
in company with S. D. Hooker, the Captain of
the crew, and II. M. Sherman, also of the crow.
The shell was capsized by the wash of a passing
An attempt was made last week to rob the
National Mohawie Bank, at Great Barringlon,
JIass. Bevoral masked burglars entered the
home of F. N. Deland, the Cashier, and having
gagged and handcuffed him, compelled him to
go with them to the bank, where they tried to
get him to open the vault. Being nnsnccessfnl,
they took revenge by robbing Deland's house
of all its valuable and then decamped.
Springfield, Hass., was recently visited by
the most destructive fire it ever had, which de
stroyed nearly forty buildings, including a
number of business blocks, and causing a total
loss of at least $500,000. A high wind pre
vailed, and at one time the whole business sec
tion of the city was seriously threatened, but
the fire department, with the assistance of
Chicopce, Holyoko, Westfield and Hartford,
succeeded in getting the flames under control.
Extensive forest fires have been raging during
the week in Delaware and Sullivan counties, N.
J., and doing an immense amount of damage.
Near Manayunk Valley a. lumber mill and 300,
000 feet of lumber were destroyed. One or two
lives have been lost, and several men badly
burned in fighting the flames.
Under the instructions of the Judge, tho jnry
in the suit of Mr. Herbor, on trial in New York,
to recover $10,000 from Gen. Butler, said to be
due for legal services, gave a verdict for the
The Masonic fraternity had a grand day in
New York on the inauguration of the magnifi
cent new Masonic Temple rocently completed
in that city. Thousands of Knights Templar
and other Masonic bodies moved through the
principal streets in imposing numbers and ap
pearance. The Beecher trial has passed its one hun
Dr. J. H. Eccleston, of Philadelphia, has
been elected Episcopal Bishop of Iowa.
The Indians in the Southwest are again re
ported to be on the war-path. Settlors in Kan
sas are fleeing from their homes.
The Baltimore and Ohio Bailroad Company
has vacated the Exposition building at Chicago,
which it bad been nsing for depot purposes for
some time past, and established a temporary
depot in a postal-car, located on a side-track
laid by stealth upon city property. ' It is evi
dently tho purpose of -the company to obtain
depot grounds by hook or by crook, and the
city will probably have a good deal of trouble
on account of it.
Three brothers named Thomas, Elisha and
Hood Cravens, living near Liberty, Ma, quar
reled over a division of land rocently, when
Elisha drew a revolver and fired, instantly kill
ing Thomas, and slightly wounding Hood.
A Kansas City special says that Durkee and
Cout, .extensive farmers, near North Scott,
Kan., havo recently examined by dissection a
large number of grasshoppers, and found that
three-fourths of them contained well-developed
live maggots, which, they are confident, will
soon exterminate the pests in this country. In
further proof of the existence of this maggot.
they say a largo pile of grasshoppers which
they have killed wero almost immediately alive
A destructive wind and rain storm passed
over portions of Ohio, Indiana and Kentucky,
last week, daiiig great damage. Many build
ings wero blown down, -and railroads and cul
verts washed away. The roof of a school house
at Lafayette, Ind., was torn off, and several
school children were seriously hurt. At Fort-
ville, Ind., a railroad bridge was washed away.
and a train ditched, killing the engineer and
fireman, and fatally injuring & brakeman.
The investiture of Bishop Henni with tho
full dignities Of a Roman Catholic Archbishop,
and the conferring of the pallium by the Pope's
special envoy, was celebrated with impressive
ceremonies and solemnities at Milwaukee on
Thursday last, and was an event of uncommon
interest to the Catholics of the Northwest.
The grasshoppers have invaded the Black
Hills country in great numbers.
Liout-Gcu. P. II. Sheridan was married last
week in Chicago to Miss Irene Ruckcr, daughter
of Bvt Maj.-Gen. L. H. Bucker, of Sheridan's
Tho prospects for the cotton crop aro good.
J. Hale Sypher, ex-Member of Congress, and
A. J. Sypher, planters of St Mary Parish, La.
havo gone into bankruptcy. Their partnership
liabilities are over $110,030, and their assets
less than 25,000. '' " "' "
Larkins Selsor, a government detective, was
recently killed in Wost Virginia, it is supposed
by counterfeiters, in order to dispose of hiB
testimony, which was very damaging to some
criminals now in custody at Washington.
James Colonel and Jesse Johnson, members
of tho Creek Indian police, wore attacked and
dangerously wounded a few days ago by the
desperadoes who sheltered McCartnoy, the
Reports of great destitution come from the
mountain counties in Kentucky. A letter from
the Master of the Grange in Britt county says
the people are suffering for the' very neces
saries of life, and that if aid is not given many
will die of starvation. The crops nave failed
for three seasons in succession. Cattlo are
dying, and there is no food to give them.
Deputy Collector Holman Leatherwood wa
shot and instantly killed last week by an illici
distiller, at Huntsville, Ala.
Hilton & Foster's lumber mill, and two
schooners, wore burned at Savannah, Ga., last
wcck' T""1 a lo8a of 1000n0-
It is stated that the appropriation for tho pay
of the army for tho current fiscal year is inade
quate, and in consequence officers and soldiers
will receive only fifteen days1 pay at the end
It June, instead of for a full month. The de
ficiency will havo to be made np by tho next
Instructions have been sent by Attorney
General Pierrepont to tho various District
Attorneys directing them to commence prose
cutions against all the members of the wliisky
ring. The government is experiencing some
difliciilty in hiring additional counsel, owing
the fact that the counsel already designated
have shown an unwillingness to accept the com
pensation fixed by the government.
A summary statement of tin receipt from
the various WKU-oaa el internal revenue fo the
Ant eight months of the fiscal year ending Juae
QQj 15J5, ealublt an increase, ow Uif raeiipta
for the same period of the previous year of over
$10,000,000. The tax on liquors of all kinds
yielded nearly $12,000,000 ; that on tobacco
$26,000,000. The tax upon the circulation
and business of the banks gave about
$3,000,000, and all other sources less than $5,
000,000. Special Agent Hale, who was deputed by the
Treasury Department to make an examination
of the workings of the system of customs
revenue collection at interior ports of entry and
delivery, has submitted his report, and is of the
opinion that some of the one-horse Cuatom
Houses of the West can be abolished.
Attorney-General Pierre pont has issued a
circular saying that he finds the appropriation
for the office nearly exhausted, and command
ing general economy and retrenchment.
A general order issued from the War De
partment announces that the appropriation
made by the last Congress for the pay. et., oM
the army for the fiscal year ending June
1875, is $900,000 short of the sum estimated
for the War Department, and pressnt indica
tions aro that the appropriation will prove defi
ficiont. The following 5-20 coupon bonds, known as
"the fourth series," under the act of Feb. 25,
18C2, dated May 1, 18C2, have been called for
by the Secretary of the Treasury, and made
payable on and after Sept. 1, the interest on
which will cease after that date: Fifty dol
lars Nos. 20,301 to 21,000, both inclusive;
$100 Nos. 50,601 to 59,100, both inclusive;
$500 Nos. 27,501 to 31,900, both inclusive;
$1,000 Nos. 80,651 to 91,500, both inclusive.
Mr. Pierrepont has hit upon an expedient,
which, he thinks, will increase the efficiency of
tho Department of Justice. He has divided it
up into a dozen bureaus, and intends to hold
the head of each responsible for the faithful
execution of the duties intrusted to him.
The internal revenue receipts for the current
fiscal year promise to exceed the estimates by
about nine million of dollars.
It is estimated that there is a deficiency in
the appropriation for paying the army, and mat'
both officers and men will receive only one-lialf
or two-thirds of their pay.f or the month qf June,
and may even have to wait for that until a de
ficiency bill is passed by Gongress.
The mission of the Sioux chiefs to Washing
ton has practically failed. Not only do they
refuse to cede their right to the Black Hills,
but they have refuse 1 to surrender their right
to hunt on the river.
Decoration Day was generally observed
throughout the Northwest on the 29th ult,
and the flower-strewers honored alike the last
resting places of the fallen heroes who wore
the blue and the gray. Eloquent orators were
on hand in profusion, and the bird of freedom
fluttered, and the English language suffered.
In the "shyster" libel suit of Bush vs. the
proprietor of the Chicago Times, the jury
brought in a verdict for the defendant. The
plaintiff asked for $50,000 damages, but didn't
get a cent. -
Recent deaths : At Munich, Bavaria, Johann
Klein, the eminent painter ; at St. Louis, of
consumption. Col. James McCoy, of Gen.
Sherman's staff. '
The railroad war at the East has assumed a
decidedly important aspect. The Pennsylvania
Company refuses to allow any ef the postal
cars of the Baltimore and Ohio road to pass over
its line from Philadelphia to New York. This,
of course, prevents the Baltimore and Ohio
from fulfilling its contract for carrying the mails
between these points.
The following is the public debt statement for
May, Bhowing a reduction of $1,189,156 during
ixperccnt.bond (1,131 ,516,500
Five per cent, bonus 6'J0,f.i,76u
Total coin bonds (l,722,U6,3M
Lawful money debt ( 14,678,0(10
Mmturod m-b v,hi,i:u
Legal tendem. 877,1:15,722
Certificates of ncpoxtt 55,345,000
Fractional currency 43,615,773
Coin certificates ni,ul0,6O0
Total without Interest (496,007,095
Total debt (2,240,210,155
Total interest Sl,lj64,5t
Caoh tn Treasury: - w,
Spccl deposit held for re
demption of certificates
of deposit 65,345,000
Total in Treasnry ( 143,951,776
Debt leas cash in the Trcarary (2,130,119,975
Decrease of debt during May 1.189,456
Bonds issued to the Pacific Bailway
Companies, interest payable In lawful
money: Principal outstanding (
Interest accrued and not yet paid.. ..
Interest paid by the United States....
Interest repaid by transportation of
Balance of interest naid by the United
The eighth annual convention of the National
Temperance Association was held in Chicago,
last week, and was a largly-attended and inter
esting session. Vice-President Wilson, tempo
rarily stopping in tho city, addressed the con
vention on the opening day.
The grand jury at Philadelphia havo returned
forty-nine true bills of indictment against the
parties arrested last week for issuing fraudu
lent coupons purporting to be attached to the
bonds of the Chisago and Northwestern rail
road. There is a mystery in the Treasury Depart
ment at Washington. A package of $17,000
addressed to the Park Bank, - New York, has
been spirited away hi tho Treasurer's office,
and nobody knows what became of it.
Tho President has availed himself of the op
portunity presented by Die resolutions adopted
by the Pennsylvania Republican Convention
definitely announce his views on the third-term
question. In a letter addressed to Gen. Harry
White, President of the Pennsylvania Conven
tion, Gen. Grant states that he was not willing
ly a candidate either for a first or for a second
term. The reason given for not sooner answer
ing the assertions regarding liis third-term can
didacy is, that heretofore the question has never
been presented in such a form that he could,
without seeming undignified, notice it. Now,
however, the reason no longer exists, and
accepts tho earliest occasion for a replv.
closing his letter he says : " I am not, nor have
I ever been, a candidate for a renomination.
would not accept a nomination if it were ten
dered, unless it should come under such cir
cumstances as to make it an imperative duty
circumstances not likely to arise"
Col. J. II. Brittou, Democrat, has been in
augurated Mayor of St. Louis. It is not known
whether Mr. Overstolz, independent, will con
tinue the contest for the office or not.
The Ohio Republican Convention met
Columbus on the 2d inst., and nominated the
following State ticket : Governor, Rutherford
B. Hays, of Sandusky; Lieutenant-Governor,
Thomas L. Young of Hamilton; Supreme
Judge, George W. McHwaine ; Auditor, James
Williams, of Franklin ; Attorney-General, John
Little, of Green ; Treasurer, J. Minor Milliken,
of Butler ; member Board of Public Works,
Peter Thatcher, of Cnyahoga. The resolutions
adopted declare against a third term ; in favor
of a revenue tariff, with incidental protection
that the finance policy should be to equalize
piirvhwing capacity of th coin and pops' dol
lar ; kat Uit pi(blio dBfn.lo b ruerv4
for Koupaney by actual settlers free due.
tiwii Mid no division of tin Miovl fund! Tji
The remainder of the platform refers mostly to
local questions. The convention was unusually
harmonious, and Hayes' nomination was mado
unanimous on motion of Charles P. Taft, son of
Judge Taft, who was the only other formidable
candidate for Governor.
The New Hampshire Legislature met at Con
cord on the 2d amid the greatest excitement.
In.the Senate twelve Senators qualified, and a
formal protest against the right of Senators
Priest and Proctor to seats was presented by
Senator Whitney and ordered on file. A ballot
for President resulted in the election of John
W. Sanborn, of Wakefield, the Republicans not
voting. Five Republican Senators withdrew
from the chamber, and other' officers were
chosen. The seceding Senators went in another
room and organized temporarily, by electing G.
H. StowoU, President, and Tyler Westgate, Clerk.
Charles P, Sanborn (Rep.) was elected Speaker
0t the House, receiving 190 votes, against 179
for Albert It. Hatch, Democrat. A message
from the Senate was received, announcing that
they had organized. The protest of the five
Republican Senators was also received, stating
that they had taken the oath, but refused to
act with the body so long as Messrs. Priest and
Proctor, of Districts Nos. 1 and i, wero allowed
seats in the body. The protest was placed on
file. A resolution was introduced directing the
Speaker to obtain the opinion of the Supreme
Court on the constitutionality of tho action of
the Governor and Council in the matter of
Senators Priest and Proctor.
Germany continues the war on the Catholic
Bishops. The Bishop of Hunster has been
summoned to resign his See.
The Portuguese Cortes has passed an act
providing for the full and final emancipation of
slaves in that kingdom.
The second attempt of Capt. Paul Boyton to
cross the English channel with his life-pre
server was entirely successful. He accom
plished the feat in twenty-three hours and
thirty-eight minutes. The distance where he
crossed ia between twenty and thirty milaa
A battle between the Carlists and govern
ment troops is reported at Alsosa, wherein tho
Carlists lost seventy killed and 200 wounded.
Gen. Dorregaray is reported wounded.
Gen. De Cissey, the French Minister of War,
asks for a credit of 61,000,000 francs, to con?
tinue the work on the fortifications of the
country, and for the supply of war material.
The failure of an extensive - firm in the iron
business is reported in England, involving many
other houses and several millions. It is that of
the Aberdare Iron Company, with liabilities of
The privilege question has been so modified
in the British Parliament that hereafter strang
ers will not have to withdraw unless they are
. A dispatch from London states that tho specie
($300,000) on board of tho wrecked steamship
ScbiUerremainsnndiscovered. Mutilated bodies
of the victims of the disaster continue to come
The condition of affairs between the British
government and Burmah is critical and war
like. Sixty persons were drowned recently by the
capsizing of a lighter near Lisbon, Portugal.
Forty persons havo been arrested at Brussels
Belgium, for interfering with a religious procession.
Immense Destruction of Property in New
York, Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
The recent rains have extinguished the
great fires, which, for a week or fort
night, raged in sections Qf New York,
reunsylvania, and .New Jersey. It is
difficult to fix the 'limits of tho tires.
They havo swept through portions of
Fike, Wayne, Carbon, Monroe, Luzerne
and Lancaster counties, in Pennsylvania,
and Sullivan, Delaware and Orange
counties in New York, and through a
wido tract of pine woods along Egg
Harbor river, in New Jersey. A corres
pondent writing from Lackawaxen, Penn
sylvania, estimates the area burned over
ia.that State at one hundred square miles
oi loresc land, xseiuier m jxew xorK
nor in New Jersey has tho area been so
large or the losses so groat. Nino-tenths
of the buildings of tho flourishing village
of Osceola were destroyed, and tho in
habitants reduced to tho point of starva
tion. The churches, school-houses, ho
tels and stores and miiis were all de
stroyed, and but a few dwelling houses
were spared. One saw-mill on Mosan
non creek, with 2,000,000 feet of lumber,
was burned. Another, the Tyre Mill,
the finest on the continent, was burned,
with 15,000,000 feet of lumber. Many
more having on hand a million feet of
lumber were burned. Several tanneries,
with thousands of cords of bark,
and vast stores of leather in process, were
destroyed. We read of tracts of timber
land of 1,500 and 2,000 acres being
burned. Farm-houses, barns, fences,
even the stock perished in the flames
which men could not check in their roar
ing and devouring headway. In the wild
regions of Fike and Mouroo counties,
famous resorts for hunters and fisher
men, the forest game was driven from tho
woods. Game deer were noticed feeding
in tho fields with cattle, fearing man less
than the fierce eloment that had de
stroyed their native haunts. Bears came
out ef their lairs, and wild pitreons took
flight in myriads for somo safer place'
It is impossible to estimate the damage
done. It will foot np in the millions, not
counting tho loss of timber, which has
been immense. It will necessarily take
some time to gathor up tho particulars in
so extensive and mountainous a region,
but instances of single losses, amounting
to 850,000, $100,000, and upward, indi
cate a tremendous acrtrroinite when the
reports are all in. In other sections of
the Northeastern States thero have been
extensive forest fires, but none on so
large a scale as those in Pennsylvania
and New. York. In New Jersey there
has been a good deal of pine forest de
stroyed, but the villages and farms have
generally escaped, and the damage is not
excessive. There have, however, been
no such forest fires since the fall in which
Chicago was burned, and the wooden
village of Peshtigo, in Wisconsin, wiped
out, with many of its inhabitants.
Seasonable Fashion Gossip.
The ladies have all got the neuralgia in
their shoulders from wearing spring
clothes, and manv new dresses are sup
plemented across the back by porous
plasters, and next to a vest front a mus
tard poultice is generally most worn.
Young ladies alternate between a neck
lace for street wear and a flannel rng for
the house. Diamonds are worn in the
ears with much effect abroad, but a lock
of cotton and a little roast onion is the
nsual adornment at home. Pearl powder
is applied to the shoulders for full dreRS,
one camphorated ou and hartshorn lini
ment are considered very pretty also by
the suiterers, bilk stockings, with col
ored clpekingn, r the things for low
lasted shoes, but psila of hot mustard
water and warm bricks are also MH
wpn on the feetr-fi?pn PoHi
LO. THE POOR INDIAN.
President Grant's Big Talk With the Sioux
Chiefs—Spotted Tail Rises to a Personal
There was a large number of visitors
at the White House this morning, says a
Washington dispatch, when the Indians
arrived. They were received in the
President's private office. They ranged
themselves about him in a half circle,
and remained standing during the speech.
Mrs. Grant, Mrs. Sartoris, and Mrs.
Fred. Grant were among the spectators
in the room. They seemed more in
terested in the savages than the savages
were in them. One Chief backed right
against Mrs. Fred Grant, and crowded
her back. to make way for himself.
Others of the Tndians showed as striking
ease in this littlo council. Some of them,
oppressed by the hot weather, kicked off
their moccasins nd dug their toes into
the Brussels carpet The President
spoke as follows:
"I want to say to-day, somothing about the
object for which you have been brought here.
I want to say a few words for you to think
about, and I do not wish you to say anything
now until you have had time to think about it.
I have always been a friend of the Indian, and
am very anxious to do what I think is best for
them. The country where you now live, as you
must be well aware, is entirely incapable of
supporting you, if the government should cease
to support you. By the treaty of 1868, clothing
was guaranteed to you for thirty yeais, and
provisions enly for five years. How! The
food and provisions which have been given you
for the last two years have been a gratuity on
the part of Congress. It may be taken from
you at any time, without any violation of the
treaty. My interest now is tor make some ar
rangement with you by which yon and your
children will be' secure for the future. .As I
said in the beginning, it must be evident to you
that if supplies of food were withheld by "the
white people, it would be entirely impossible
foi you to live where you are. Another thing
I would call your attention to is this: You must
see that the white people outnumber Indians
now about 200 to one, taking ail the Indians
within the United States. This number is in
creasing so rapidly that before many years it
will bo impossible to fix any limits in your ter
ritory where vou can prevent their gohur. it
will become necessary for the white people to'
oe aoie to go irom one place to another,
whether occupied by Indians or not, just as
they now go from one State to another, For
tins reason it is very desirable that, while you
have a friend here to look after tout interests
you shah be situated where you will be able to
get support Deyona any oonnngency. i do
not propose to ask you to leave the homes
where you were born and raised without your
consent. I want to point out the advantage to
you and to your children, if you will make such
arrangements as will be proposed to you.
There is a territory south of where yon now
live where the climate is mnch better, and the
buffalo more plenty, where lands can be purchas
ed, where grass is much better, and game is
more abundant, including large game, where
there is good pasturage for animals, and where
you can have teachers sent among you to
teach the art of self-preservation and self
support . Now this year we have had
great dificultyin keeping white people from
going to the Black HUls in search ef gold, but
we have so far prevented their going, or pre
vented their remaining. Every year this same
diflicultv increases, unless the right of the
white people to go to that country is granted by
you, and it may in the end lead to hostilities be
tween the Indians and white people, without
any special tauit on either side, if such trouble
should occur and become general, it would
necessarily withhold, for the time being, at
least, the supplies which the crovernment should
be sending to you. All this trouble I want to
avoid. I want to see you well provided for,
and I want to see the provision made in such a
way that it will have to be respected by my
successor, and by othor administrations in the
future. I want the Indians to think of what I
have said. I do not want you to say anything
to-day, but talk among yourselves and be pre
pared to hear the Commissioner of Indian
Affairs and the Secretary of the Interior, who
will always speak for me, and will novor speak
without advising me before they have spoken.
That is all I want to say to-day. What! have
said has been written down, and wui De re
peated to you."
opottca Tail ha vine; asked special per
mission to say a few words, spoke as fol
lows: ''What these men have published
in the papers that I said about the Com
missioner is a lie. I never said such a
thing. I never said the word. Whoever
published that paper, he must do that
himself, because 1 do not want to can
my friends liars.' "
The Indians listened attentively, occa
sionally uttering a " how" of surprise or
satisfaction. The announcement that
tho limit of supplies civen under the
treaty expired two years ago was a terri
ble blow to the Indians, and will have
great influence, for they have been de
nying similar statements made by beere
tary Cowan and Commissioner Smith.
But when the Great Father said so the
matter was settled, and the Indians
turned to each other with a significant
The policy that will be pnrsued toward
them was plainly declared in the Presi
dent's speech, which is to place all Indians
on Indian territory. Although it is not
impossible that the Sioux will consent
to leave Dakota, as they want the Powder
river and Tongue river countries if an
exchange is made.
Copies of the President s speech have
been given to the interpreters and the
Indians are discussing it to-Might. Bed
Cloud said to your correspondent when
asked his opinion of the speech: " The
Father talks like a Chief, lie is the In
dian's friend, but the Sioux will not
leave the big rivers and mountains of the
North for the plains of the South. The
Sioux will die where they wereborn. The
Great Father will not take us away from
THE BLACK HILLERS.
Gordon's Emigrant Train Captured by the
Military and Burned—Alleged Outrageous
Conduct of the Soldiers.
[Sioux City Telegram to Chicago Times.]
Capt. Walker, after releasing Gordon's
train, which ho recently captured in
Nebraska, sent to Gen. Crook's depart
ment for assistance in forcing the Gor
don party across the river into the Indian
territory. Two companies of cavalry
and a Gatling gun were furnished from
Spotted Tail s agency, and early on the
morning of Friday, the 21st ult., sur
rounded tho camp at Gordon City, Neb.,
and perpetrated the most brutal outrage
on peaceable citizens 01 which we have
any record. The soldiers compelled
men who wero malang preparations
for breakfast to leave the camp, then
helped themselves to everything they
could lay their hands on in the camp, in
cluding pocketbooks and other valuables
which were left in the tents, oven the
boots, shoes and clothing, which the men
were not allowed time to put on. The
soldiers sat down and ate tho breakfast
the men had prepared for themselves,
after which they built a fire and piled on
it nearly all the provisions and wagons,
thirty-nine of the latest pattern Win
chester rifles, and otherjarms belonging
to the party. In fact everything was
destroyed, except a small amount of
baggage and rations enough to take
them into Fort Randall. After
this work of destruction .and robbery,
the military started with the Gordon
party for Fort Randall. They compelled
the party to walk, many ot whom had
scarcely clothes enough on to oover their
nakeduei and a great mUy destitute of
rioota, wtijcn tno soiaier rprorpii.
ted. Ill this condition, bafwfonted and
Imugry, the march wm tjoaiEiyBeetl, On
Saturday night, one of the party, named
A. Collins, managed to elude the vigi
lance of his captors and escaped. He
describes the scene at the time of the
capture as being more brutal than any
thing he had ever read or heard of
even of Indian doings, except that no
scalps were token by the soldiers.
Coming for Him.
We hope that with the passing away
of the snow will disappear all temptation
to repeat the disgraceful scene enacted
on Munson street on Friday afternoon.
As near as we can ascertain, the particu
lars are as follows:
Mr. Robinson, who occupies tho house
next north of Morrill's grocery, was en
gaged in shoveling the snow from tho
roof into the street. During the work
he heard a scream from below, and look
ing over the cornice he saw a man with
hair, neck and clothes full of snow,
dancing up and down on the walk and
shaking, his fist toward Mr. Robinson.
' What do you mean by throwing your
blasted snow over me? " gasped the
" Who threw snow on you ? very nat
urally inquired Mr. Robinson, there
being every probability in the world
that it was thrown on him several days
' You did, just this rninit, asserted
the stranger, most positively.
' Well, 1 didn t mean to throw it on
you. How'd I know you wero there ?"
said Mr. Robinson, feeling that the oc
casion called for some hrmness.
" Why in thunder ain't you looking
to see what you're doin', and not be
flinging your snow all over creation,
burying np respectable people!" de
manded the stranger.
' Who are you, anyway?" said Robin
son, raising his' voice to the key adopted
by the stranger. '
" I'll teach yen who I am if you douce
me again with your avalanche, screamed
Both men were now talking at the top
of their voices being some twenty feet
apart and several windows in the neigh
borhood went up.
" What do you mean by talking to me
that way 1" screamed Robinson. '
"I'll show you, if you come down
here, you dough-faced guillotine,'
shrieked the stranger.
"Don't you call be names," roared
Robinson, " or I'll come down there and
split your head open with this snow
shovel." " Oh, just you come, just you come,"
screamed the stranger, with the snow in
his neck, going passionately through the
motions of blacking a pair of imaginary
eyes. "That's all I ask of you, you
cock-eyed bedbug 1 "
"Stop your hollering around here,
you bow-legged reptile," yelled Robin
son, dancing on the edge of the roof in
an ecstacy of rage, " or I'll hammer the
lights out of you in a about a Mur
der ! hel "
And in an instant the frightened man
was sailing toward the walk, madly claw
ing the air with a pair of lers and a long-
handled snow-shovel. The occupants of
the windows sent up a scream of horror,
while the individual on the walk gave
one frenzied elance at the approaching
spectacle and turned about and fled dis
tractedly up the street, shouting " Fire I
and " Police 1" at every jump.
Robinson struck into the snow with a
velocity that nearly unjointed his neck,
but he was on his feet in an instant, ac
tively warding off the blows of an ima
ginary assailant, and crying at tho top of
his voice :
" Keep him off n me. Help ! help ! for
the sake 01 my family, help mo r
Mr. Merrills, who had been attracted
to the door by the noise, came out and
took him by the arm, and told him the
stranger had fled.
" Gone 1" quickly ejaculated Mr. Rob
inson, looking hurriedly around. " It is
well he has. I was coming for him,
Merrills coming for him hot, and I
Printed matter not fully prepared can
not be sent through the mails.
Anything whatever attached or pasted
to a postal card renders it unmaiiaole as
a postal card.
It is a violation of the postal laws for
publishers of a newspaper to inclose
handbills or advertisements in their reg
ular issue to subscribers.
A book having the name of the giver,
or any writing inscribed therein, cannot
be sent by mail, except on prepayment
of postage or letter rates.
A letter dropped in the Postoffice not
prepaid one full rate, three cents, cannot
be sent by mail, but must be sent to the
Dead Letter Office.
The postage on drop or local letters is
two cents the half ounce, or fraction
thereof, at letter carriers' offices, and one
cent tho half ounce or fraction thereof
at all other offices.
Manuscript designed for publication
in newspapers, magazines or periodicals,
can pass by mail only at letter rates of
postage, three cents the half ounce or
"Isn der some lodders here for me?"
inquired a German at the general delivery
window of the Postotfice on Satur
day. " No none here," was the reply.
" Vhell, dot ish 'kvecr," ho continued,
getting his head into the window ; "my
neighbor gets somdimes dree tedders in
one day, und I get none. I bays more
daxes as ho does, und I haf never got
one leddcr yet. . How comes dose dings (
Detroit Free Press.
Newstapebs. Newspapers aro busi
ness establishments, .bach is more
less necessarily the rival of the others.
Each is dependent upon the good-will
and support of the public for an exist
ence. All it says is in public and not
secret. It lives and performs all
functions in a glass house, visible
everybody. It cannot defend a wrong
without an injury to itself. It cannot
hire itself out, as the lawyers do, to de
fend tho guilty or prosecute tho inno
cent. A Gbeat Bridge. The Brooklyn
bridge is to be beaten before it is finished.
Its rival, which is to bo constructed over
the Frith of Forth, Scotland, will be
largest in the world. The height will
150 feet, and tho number of spans
nearly 100. The great span in the centei
is to be 1,500 feet, or nearly one-third
of a mile in width, and the smaller spans
150 feet. It will cost about $10,000,000
In painting, do not apply a succeed
ing ooat before tho previous one is dry.
Do not use a lighter color over a darker
one, nor add dryers long before using.
Use an little dryer as will do the work.
It tUways produce n unplwwMit hs
eation to tW a bo? nwosti ?p!
apt to g Wie n?H5 f rum il wt
(nthw to $9fl
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
lw. 1 m.3 m.
m. 9 m.
2 inches . ,
3 inches ...
4 inches . . .
fl 00 S3 00 m 00 JC 00 OOi
.1 00 4 00 6 OO.ia 00113 00
3 Ml 4 60 9 CK;11 50 15 on
4 00 5 OO'll 00 15 OI 171
4 00 0 (Xlj 8 Oil 15 002ft 0012.1,00
10 oo 13 00 20 m m oo 10 oo
10 0llll8 00 23 0U:3 00,55 007 09 j
jiou 00 ,
Business cards of five, lines or less, $3 per .tinnm
TjOcsl notices 10 ccntfl per line eacli insertion.
Himplo announcements of marriages and deaths,
and churcta and benevolent bocm ty notices inserted
free, any additions to obituary notices win bo
charged 5 cents per line.
Favors must be handed in as early as Tuesday
morning to insure insertion the same week
Commnnications upon sabjecta of general or lo
cal interest are solicited.
VINE AND THE THYME PLANT
A Spanish Fable.
A vine, which flourished, fair and tall,
- By drawing to a friendly wall.
Grew proad to hold nor head bo high,
(As claiming kindred with the sky).
And, looking down with pitying scorn
On humbler plants beside her born,
Thus to a thyme-plant rudely said :
u Tis strange you never leave your bed,
Nor grow a foo above the earth;
Soro, life must be of little worth '
To one who thus is always found
The merest groveler on the ground,
Where all the fragrance yon may boast
On low society is lost;
Whereas, (excuse me, Goody Thyme !)
If yon, like me, would only climb
Aloft, and take a higher range,
You'd own it for a charming change!"
The other answered, "Very true,
I do not grow so tall as you;
Bnt then, your ladyship must own.
Unlike yourself, I grow alouo !
For me, though but an humble tliyme,
I pity yon, who cannot climb
A single inch without support;
And so (O fie !) ars fain to court
An ugly wall to be your prop;
Take that away and dswu yon drop !"
Whoever manages to rise
By native strength, may well despise
The man who owes his loftier state
To fawning on the rich and great !
John G. Saxe.
Wit and Humor.
A good floor manager A broom.
Inflation Drinking soda water.
Old bells can be made as good as;new.
Old belles can't.
Theee is a transcendent power in ex
ample. We reform others unconsciously
when wo walk uprightly. .
Blessed be the hand that prepares a
pleasure for a child, for thero is no
saying when and whore it may uioom
" Srx feet in his stockings," exclaimed -
Mrs. Henry. . ' ' Why, John has only two
in his, and I can never keep 'em darned
There is one advantage gained by hot
weather ; very few preachers have
strength to preach more than one hour
at a time. Carl Pretzel.
At a certain Episcopal church in Bos
ton, the congregation revenge them
selves on the inefficient choir, by re
sponding during the litany with, " Lord .
have mercy on our miserable singers."
In Birmingham. England, the manu
facture of gods for the heathen has ad- -vanced
to such a state of perfection that
very ' nice looking god with side-
whiskers can be bought for eight dol
lars. Awkwardness, combined with luck.
is what helped a)Kansas man to get out of
the way of his wife when she had tho
rolling-pin poised ready to strike. He
fell through a cellar-door, and only broke
An Indian- and a white man were pass
ing along a street, when tne tormer
espied a window full of wigs, and point
ing to tne owner, wno was-sianuing 111
the doorway, said, "Ugh I him great
man big brave take heap of scalps."
A bad little boy. upon being promised
five cents by his mother if he would take
a dose of castor oil, obtained the money,
and then told his patent that she might
castor oil in the street. Ho will make a
humorous newspaper paragraphUt one of
If a man wishes to cruelly lacerate the .
feelings of an acquaintance, he remarks,
A cow would regard your ieoi wiui
complacency," and upon being ques
tioned why, he answers, " Because she
would see at a glance tnat ner niuo
wouldn't have to be cut down very much
to make shoes for them."
While riding in a stago coach from
Einderhook to Albany, N. Y., many '
years since, John van iiuren, wno was
smolang, asKed a stranger in uie singe
if smoking was agreeable to him. The
stranger answered, " res, 11 is agreea
ble. Smoke away. I have often thought
if ever I was rich enough I would hire
somo loafer to smoke in my face." Mr.
Van Buron threw his cigar out of the
The Jewish Messcnner says the Jews
will ever be distinct people, and holds
out no hope to the rrotestant society ior
the conversion of that people : - i
" In no single thing do we consider
ourselves apart from the citizens of other
creeds, except in our religions belief and
worship, but in this we have remained, .
and we have God's word for it that we
shall ever remain distinct ; and as far as
those who. for some worldly reason,
hold in abeyance some of the commands,
it is a maxim Although he sias, he is
still a JeAL. Let us hope that dut re
mark may infiuencs those who may im
agine they are absolved from the dis
charge of the duties commanded them ;
. ... . . .1 - Jt A
to give a Detter tone to ineir ieeungs, 10
act as Jews, to obey the will of their
Heavenly Father, to place their reliance
on Him, and to do good. Thus they
will be happy thomselves, and confer
hardiness on others."
A Deadly Spring.
A writer in a California newspaper
says: About half a mile over a mountain .
from Bartlett Springs there is what is
called tho Gas Spring. This is probably
the greatest curiosity of the mountains.
The water is ice-cold, but bubbling
and foaming as if it boiled, and the
greatest wonder is the inevitable destruc
tion of life produced by inhaling the gas.
No living thing is to be found within a
circuit of one hundred yards of the
spring. The very birds, if they happen
to fly over it, drop dead.
We experimented with a'lizard on its
destructive properties by holding it a
few feet above the water.
It stretched dead in two minutes. It
will kill a human being in twenty min
utes. We stood over it about five minutes,
when a dull, heavy, aching sensation
crept over us, and our eyes began to
swim. The gas which escapes hero is of
the rankest kind of carbonic, hence its
siue destruction of life; also of quench
ing of flames instantaneoiiEiy.
A Nhw Indication of Death. Is the
patient really dead or not? is at times a
very anxious question. A medical prac
titioner of Cremona proposes a simple'
method by which the question may bo
answered with certainty. It is to inject
a drop of ammonia beneath the skin,
when, if death be present, no effect, or
next to none, is produced ; but if thero
be life, then a red spot appears at the
place of the injection. A test so. easily
applied as this should remove ail appre
hension of being buried alive. Scien
r do not allow any protracted dis
jes at dances in Cherryvale. Mr.
Hollifleldlately invadeda scene of revelry
by night, and weot to shooting off Ins
lich lantosUn month, when h
promptly knocked down by hjue
bands pf a flow magi