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VOL. VIII.--NO. 36.
EATON, OJIIO, THURSDAY, JULY 22, 1875.
WHOLE NUMBER 429,
lie (frnfoH gmcrrrat.
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
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Local notioea 10 orata per Una aca faacrUon.
Bimnlr aanonncementa of maniaea and deaths.
and church and benevolent aociery aotleea nuericd
free, kny additiooa to obituary notioea vill be
charfred S cents per line.
Favors MUST be handed tn SB early aa Tuesday
morning to hmnre inaertion the same week.
Communication! upon sabjecu of ganeral or lo
cal interest aro aolicited.
Tex Poetoffioe Department begins to
- feel seriously the shrinkage in its rev
enue which is doe to the diversion of
" third-class matter, " so called, into the
hands of the express companies.
It is rumored that Mr. Robert Bonner,
of the New York Ledger, meditates an
incursion into the field of daily jour
nalism. Mr. Bonner has von so mag
ifioent a soooess in his own field that it
is not improbable that he should desire
to extend it.
Teb : committee appointed by the
Nashville Cotton Exchange to obtain in
formation and statistics in regard to the
growing erops of, tho South, express the
belief that the coming harvest, both of
cotton and grain, will bo the largest pro
duced in that section since the war.
Tub Beecher trial lasted six months,
lacking two days. Tho case was called
for trial on Monday morning, Jan. 4,
and the jury was discharged July 2.
One hundred and eleven witnesses were
examined. The summing up for the de
fense consumed fourteen days, and Mr.
Beach addressed the jury on the part of
the plaintiff seven days.
America is famous for fairness. - A
"f.w days ago our Minister at the Italian
Court, Hon. Geo. P. MhtsIi, decided a
very delicate and important question of
Swiss boundary, giving satisfaction to
-both sides. Abont the some timn T)r
Logan, our Chilian Minister resident,
ended a boundary controversy of long
standing between Chili and Peru. The
settlement was intrusted to him some
nine months ago. His decisions on all
the points are cheerfully acquiesced in
by both governments. "Blessed are
AuKx. D. Hamilton, who flod from
Jersey City with some $78,000 belonging
to that city in his possession, was last
week sentenced to State Prison for three
years. The money which Hamilton stole
never did him any good. When he fled
from Jersey City he went to Mexico.
There Cortina's gang of marauders got
hold of him and plucked hi dean.
When the detective who went in search
of him found him, he was lying sick
and penniless. Now, stripped of char
acter, of wealth, of everything which
makes life endurable, he enters a State
Prison. May thus fall all who betray
the people. " - .,- .
This time it is a negro who is sued un
der the Civil Bights law. A white man
in Washington has begun suit against a
colored man who bears the unusual
name of Smith. It appears that during
the temporary absence of Smith his
mother hired a room for Smith keeps
a . lodging-house to the Caucasian.
When Smith returned he closed the
door on the pale-faced gentleman, tell
I.; titnt l l... ,i .... aAAnmmn.in;A
iUUl UJIH UU UOU aAAAVlUUmUUItlt'll
for people of his color. Thereupon the
white man had a warraut issued against
Smith for ejecting him from the house
contrary to the provisions of the fifteenth
amendment to the Constitution.
On the 1st of July it was one year
since little Charley Boss was kidnapped.
Though the search for him has been
thorough, there has been no clew dis
covered which gives hope that the parents
will ever recover the lost boy. It is
feared that in the hunt for the boy those
who had him in their possession were
compelled to so often change their quar
ters that the boy died through fatigue
and want of care, or that the men mur
dered him to escape detection. This is a
fearful conclusion to arrive at, but it
seems the only reasonable one. Had the
boy been alive it is almost certain that
he could not have escaped detection ere
In many cases reoommondations for
codebihips in the Military and Naval
Academics are made by Congressmen
after a competitive examination has been
held, the boy who passes best being se
lected as the Congressman's choice.
That there is, to say the least, something
singular in these examinations is shown
by tho following statement which comes
dates for 'admission to the Naval
1 1 1 i 1 1
Acaaemy, wuo nave utxn wuecuxi ur ap
pointed by members of Congress after
competitive examination, only two
passed. Thirteen of those thus selected
failed to spell the word 'competitive'
Thb American team of riflemen in Ire
land seem to be the special favorites of
victory. They not only carried off the
honors at tho original match for the
championship, but one of them won the
Spencer cup, subsequently in a match
at a thousand yards. The feeling in
spired even among the Irish people
seems to be that of generous enthusiasm,
though we suspect that any victors but
Americans would hardly have been so
acceptable. It is never easy to submit to
defeat with grace; but the earlier history
of the United States for independence
was so crowded with heroes of Hibernian
birth, that their descendants do not re
gard us as strangers, and certainly not
possible foes. These pleasant inter
changes of courtesies, therefore, are
gratifying to witness.
Thb most obvious if not the most im
portant of the crimes poouliar to this
age is called embezzlement, and in this,
though we may not boast of it, America
leads the world. In no other country
do the employers show such reoklecs
neee in trusting their affairs entirely to
subordinates, or subordinates such au-
- dacity and teachery in profiting by the
confidence. The champion example of
the year has just come to light in Phila-
delphia. A young financial agent and
bookkeeper runs away with $1,200,000,
involving the total ruin of his employer,
Mr. Henry G. Morris. The embezzler
Alexander Ervin, was in charge of Mr.
Morris foundry business, and all of
his personal drafts on the treasury have
been within tho last two years. In one
month ho charged hjmsolf with three
notes of $10,000 each ; in another month
ho charged himself with a deposit of
$60,000, which he failed to credit ; then,
to while away the time, and for tho sake
of light gymnastic exercise, he would
every litue while nicer nis employer s
nolo for $100,000, and calmly draw the
money on it. Whenever the muscles of
Lis hand became flaccid from inertness,
lie would stir them -p by issuing tiicso
notes. Mr. Morris cleared $1,000,000
the first threo years of his business, and
Mr. Ervin cleared with moro than a
million during tho next throe.
A convention of colored journalists
will be held in Cincinnati, Aug. 2.
Van Pew, of whisky crusade fame,
has been heard from at Cape Girardeau,
Mo., where ho is under arrest for steal
ing a wagon.
Van Wert is exercised over a man
aged 99 years. It is the intention of the
town to keep him alive for the Centen
nial at all hazards.
Thb Bov. Phillips Brooks, of Boston,
has been elected President of Kenyon
College, and the Trustees have voted to
offer him a salary of $5,000 a year.
Two men, Lewis Gtrwig, of Cincin
nati, and Charles Church, of Zanesville,
were drowned at the latter place, last
week, by the upsetting of a skiff. Both
Thb recent heavy rains have so
swollen the streams in Southern Omo
that railroad bridges have been carried
away on the Portsmouth branch of . the
Marietta and Cincinnati railway, and
the track badly injured.
A difficulty occurred between the
pilots of the steamers Nail City and
Barnard, on the public landing, at Cin
cinnati one night last week, in which
John Sullivan, pilot of the Barnard,
was, probably, fatally cut
A DisTBuenvB fire occurred at Mid-
dleport on Friday of last week, supposed
bo the work of an incendiary. It
originated in a wholesale liquor house,
and nine stores and threo dwellings were
consumed. The total loss will amount
to about $12,000 ; partially insured.
C. B. Baldwin, of Mt.' Vernon, late
Special Agent of the Postoffice Depart
ment, has been tendered by Mr. Atkin
son, the Commissioner of Pensous, the
position of Chief of the Special Service
Division in the Pension Bureau. Mr.
Baldwin has accepted the position.
Thb embezzlers of the Cincinnati
water-works funds are not to bo pun
ished. Judge Cox has rendered a de
cision that the crime, for which these
defendants were indicted is not definitely
described in the statutes, and further
than to rlimnim them from office nothing
can be done.
Thb new City Directory of Cleveland
contains 46,690 names, an increase of 1,
240 over that cf lost year. Estimating
for the population three and one-half
persons to each name in the directory,
a small estimate, Cleveland has 163,991
inhabitants. Estimating four and one-
eighth, as Buffalo does, Cleveland would
have a population of 193,252 : so that
Cleveland has already outstripped
Buffalo, and is the second city on the
A large concourse of people assem
bled at Findlay, on Tuesday of last
week, to participate in tho ceremony of
unveiling the soldiers' monument, erect
ed by the Soldiers' Monumental As
sociation of Hancock county. After a
grand procession, composed of military,
the Fire Department, and civic societies,
the dedicatory ceremonies began. Tho
orator of the day was the Hon. Samuel
F. Hunt, of Cincinnati. Gov. Allen and
cx-Gov. Hayes made preliminary
speeches, which were enthusiastically
Mary Kokhl, a young wo3an of 22
years' of age, committed suicide near
Beading, ten miles from Cincinnati, a
few days since. It was evidently death
for love. The girl was highly respected,
and was in love with a young man, but
the difficulty in the case was that she
was Protestant and he Catholic. After
her death a letter was found in her room
addressed to her lover, Ben Lichtenbcrg.
Across the margin were the words : " I
die of love for you without you I can
not livo." Lichtenberg testified that he
would have married her but for h'S re
ligion. He said he hod always treated
her honorably. He is so grief -stricken
that his friends are alarmed lest he will
follow the example of Mary.
It has been for years the custom of
the lifo iusuranoo companios to mark off
as lapsed policies, all those on which
tho overdue interest of premium notes
remained unpaid. A vast number of in
surances have been lost in this way ; but
it appears that a plucky party in Cincin
nati has appealed to the law for protec
tion, and that the Superior Court of that
city has decided in his favor. The court,
following the examplo of the Appellate
Court of Kentucky, held that the note
was 'evidence of a loan made by the com
pany to the policy-holder, a lien upon
and secured by the value of the policy,
but none the less a loan, and though the
loan was given for premiums, the inter
est upon the note was not premium, and
that failure to pay such interest did not
legally vitiate the policy or cause
NEWS OF THE WEEK.
The thunder storm which passed over New
England last Saturday was an unusually severe
one. Several persona were killod and injured
by the lightniug in different parts of Massachu
setts, aiil in Portland, Me., four churches were
sot on fire and more or loss damaged.
By the temporary sospenmon of the Atlantic
Cotton Hills, at Lawrence, Mass., 1.200 opera
tives are thrown out of employment.
All the business portion of Portville, Catta
raugus county, K. Y., except the depot and one
store, was destroyed by fire one day last week.
Loss, f 00,000 ; insurance, H0,000.
Edward Kelly, bridge watchman, and bis
wife and child, were run over by the cars at
Otsego, N. Y., last week, the child alone escap
ing death, . .. . :-
At LoijIinuicU, last week, Mrs. Algernon
Saiioris, daughter of President Grant, gave
birth to a fine boy weighing 10 pounds.
A bold and startling robbery was committed
in New York, in broad daylight, last week. At
noon two well-dressed strangers obtained ad
mission to the house of Hatbias M. Dancer, 50
West Eleventh street, by representing them
selves to be Croton water-tax collectors. They
had no sooner entered Uin they seized Mrs.
Danomr, who was alone, bound, gaggod, and
handcuffed her; then admitted five other con
federates, when all proceeded to ransack the
house from top to bottom. They obtained
40,000 in Virginia State bonds, but overlooked
10,000 New York Central securities. After
Oe departure- of the robbers, Mrs. Dancer suc
ceeded in attracting the attention of a passer
by, and she was rescued from her painful posi
tion. The robbers escaped.
Logan Brothers, oil dealers of Fittsburgb,
have failed. Liabilities, $350,000.
While a party of Orangemen, with ladies
and children, were returning from oclebn.tiiig
ihe Battle of the Coyne at a picnic, on the 12tli
in it., they were attacked by a mob in the
streets of Lawrence, Mass., and several of the
party severely injured. Word was sent to the
Mayor, who soon arrived at the scene of the
riot with a squad of police to protect the
Orangemen. Tho mob then made a furious
onslaught on the police and Orangemen, with
a shower of. bricks and stones,- and every one
of the party were hurt, excepting tho Mayor, -
some seriously. Tho police then opened hro
with revolvers on the rioters, who scattered
in every direction, several of their number
being moro or less injured. No lives are re
A violent wind and ram storm passed over
Pittsburgh, Pa., and vicinity, last week, unroof
ing buildings, uprooting trees, and doing great
damage to crops. Several persons wore in
jured, one man fatally. The damage to prop
erty will amount to $500,000.
The Brooklyn friends of Henry Ward Beechor
arc perfecting arrangements for a grand mass
meeting to indorse him, and express confidence
in his innocence. -
The Kings County (N. Y.) Grand Jury has
returned true bills' against Joseph Locder and
John J. Price, who are charged with tuning
sworn falsely against the Kov. Henry Ward
Beecher and Mrs. Elizabeth 1L Tiltoiu
A recent firo at Duuellon, N. J., destroyed
five of the largest buildings in the place, with
a loss of $100,000.
Six hundred Mounouites, from Russia, passed
through St. Faul last week, en route to their
new homes in the Sashkatchewan country of
Indians to the number of 100 attacked the
Ponca Agency, in Dakota, a few days since ;
bat as the authorities had been warned they
were prepared, and with the aid of a field-pieco
the savages were repulsed. Several of them
It is reported from Sioux City that the gov
ernment is fitting out an expedition to go to the
Black Hills to bring tho miners who are now at
work there without permission from the gov
An iron mountain, 8 miles long, Q miles
wide, and 1,200 feet high, brimful of the
purest ore, has been discovered in Minnesota,
60 miles north of Duluth.
Affairs in the grasshopper Btricken sections
of the West don't wear such a gloomy look
after all. The Kansas City Times of Sunday
last has reports from various parts of the
plague-infected district, embracing five
counties in Missouri and about the
same number in Kansas, the general
tenor of which go to show that there will be
a heavy crop of corn, millet, and Hungarian
grasses. The flax crop will also be large. Corn
is growing now at the rate of two to four niches
daily. A remarkable feature of its present
growth is that a new kind of grass, resembling
buffalo grass, is springing up in many portions
of the grasshopper district.
The Adams Express Company has offered a
reward of $1,000 for the arrest of the Vandalia
train robbers ; the Vandalia Railroad Company,
$1,000 ; Effingham citizens, $300 ; the railway
men, $300 ; and the citizens of Casey, $150,
making in all $2,700.
The Chicago Journal of Monday last says :
The harvesting cf the winter wheat in South
ern Illinois is finished, and altogether the
aggregate yield is hardly up to the average,
yet the quality is good.- In Central Illinois the
wheat harvest, now in progress, win give a fair
vicld. The corn crop all over tho Northwest
now promises to be one of the largest that has
ever been raised."
Tho interest manifested in the National
camp meeting at Cedar Bapids, Iowa, was very
great, tho average daily attendance being fully
10,000 persons. The weather was excellent
John D. Lee, the Mormon, has turned State's
evidence, and will be a witness for the prose
cution and tell all he knows about the Mountain
Advices from Minnesota are to. the effect
that the grasshoppers have forsaken that State
entirely, goini no one knows whither. Then
depredations nave not been extensive, and
there will be no perceptible diminution of the
crops in consequence.
The United States Grand Jury, at St. Loui,
has returned nearly thirty indictments against
the members of the whisky ring, about one
third of them being against Gen. John McDonald
and Col. John A. Joyce, cx'-Supervisor
of Interval llcvenue and ex-Revenue Agent
Tho Lincoln Slate Journal prints a carefully
corrected report of the crops in all sections of
Nebraska, showing that in all portions, except
in a few counties, the crop prospects are excel
Secretary-of-War Belknap has started on
jaunt to the Yellowstone region.
The crop reports from all parts of Iowa are
very encouraging. Wheat oats and barley
especially look fine. Corn is growing rapidly,
and since the rains ceased the farmers are
working among it with renewed courage. There
has been more prairie broken this year than for
some time before.
Two Indians were killed and three wounded
by the soldiers at the Bed Cloud Agency a few
days since, and there is much excitement The
negotiations of the Commissioners are entirely
News has been received from Bow IUvor Val
ley, Neb., of the murder of an emigrant family
by the Ponca tribe of Indians. J
is trouble in the Indian Territory, a
Sheriff having killed a wealthy farmer named
Jesse Foreman in attempting his arrest, the
latter resisting. Foreman, a member of the
Cherokee nation, had previously killed an
Osage, an 4 for this act his arrest was at
tempted. Foreman's friends are in pursuit of
On Sunday last at Van Bnren, Ark., Willie
Drennen and Charles Halloy, two prominent
young men, went boat-riding with two young
ladies, when the boat capsized, and Drennen
and the two ladies were drowned. .
The first bale of new cotton arrived at New
Orleans, on the 14th inst, from St Landry Par
Miss Lena 1 1 ebb and Miss Cecia Boibert two
young tadiesf aged refpoctirely 19 aittk7, while;
Boated in the door of the residence of Miss
Hcbb, in St Mary's county, Md., one day last
week, were instantly killed by a stroke of
The Cotton States Congress, at Raleigli, N. C,
adjourned on Thursday last after a harmonious
and interesting Bession of three days. A reso
lution asking Congress to make greenbacks a
logal-tcndor for all duos to government and on
importations was postponed till next year. Tho
July returns to the Department of Agriculture
were unusually full, ' showing an improvement
of the cotton crop during June in all tho Cot
ton States except Texas. The State averages
aro as follows: North Carolina 95, improved 3
per cent; South Carolina 99, improved 3 ;
Georgia 97, improved 6 ; Florida 101, improved
7 ; Alabama 102, improved 1 ; Mississippi 103,
improved 3 ; Lonibiana 105, improved 10 ;
Texas 93, declined 3 ; Arkansas 104, improved
14 ; Tennessee 109, improved 10.
Geo. N. Jackson, Cashier in the office of the
United States Revenue Collector for the Louis
ville (Ky.) district was recently disroverod to
be a defaulter to tho amount of $45,000. and
in order to avoid arrest attempted to commit
suicide by taking arsenic.
Treasurer New is getting fully established
in his new office. Ho says ho intends to con
duct it for a while as if it were a bank, and
then resign tho position. He accented the
trust with great reluctance, and is evidently
entering upon the discharge of its duties with
tho intention of managing this public office
as if it were a successful private business en
Reports just mailed by Third Assistant Post
master-General Barber Bhow that 107,010,000
postal cards were issued during the fiscal year
which ended Jnno 30, against 91,079,000 issued
for the year which ended June 30, 1874. The
increase is equivalent to about 18 1-6 per cent,
which shows that the postal cards aro growing
in popular favor as a means of inter-communication.
The value of the issue of ordinary postage
stamps during the year which ended June 30,
1875, was $18,271,479, an increase of $996,237
over the previous year. The value of newspa
per and periodical postage stamps was $815,902;
of ordinary stamped envelopes and wrap
$4,124,477, an increase of $242,284 ; of postal
cards, $L 076,100 ; of total issues for sale to the
public $24,288,018, an increase of $2219,794
over tho fiscal year which ended June 30, 1874.
The value of official postage stamps for the
fiscal year amounted to $834,970.25, a decrease
of $580,874.95 since June 30, 1874. The value
of official stamped envelopes was $354,522.18,
an increase of $106,552 over the year 1874.
The Comptroller of the Currency requests
all national banks to return for redemption
notes of the denomination of $5 on the follow
ing banks: The First Third and Traders' Na
tional Banks, Chicago ; First National Bank,
Paxton, 111.; First National Bank, Canton, HL
The notes having been successfully counter
feited tliov are to be retired.
Ex-Gov. Fletcher, of Missouri, lias agreed
to serve on the special Indian Commission ap
pointed to investigate tho charges made by
Prof. Marsh against the Indian Bureau.
The President has directed that the most
stringent measures be used to prevent people
from going to the Black Hills until the result
of the labor of the commission
the Indians is known.
It is proposed at Washington, in order to
prevent - the smuggling of valuable lares
through the mails, to make all Postmasters ex
Icio customs officers, with power to open
suspicious packages and confiscate their con
tents if they shall be found to be contraband.
An extraordinary council of Cabinet mem
bers was held at Washington the other day, in
which a long-standing claim against Venezuela
was under consideration, and it was decided
that the payment of our bill be inflated upon.
Fisher, United States Attorney for the Dis
trict has been removed.
Postmaster-General Jewoll will visit New
England in August and the South in Novem
ber, ou his tour of inspection.
The counting of the money in Uncle Sam's
vaults has been completed, and everything was
found O. K.
The headquarters of the Patrons of Hus
bandry have been removod from Washington
to Louisville and tho next meeting of the Na
tional Grange will be held in that city ou the
third Wednesday of November next
Rates of fare ou tho Baltimore and Ohio
railroad have again been reduced, as follows
To Now York, $15; Philadelphia, $14; Balti
more and Washington, $13.-50.
James M. Linden, Captain, and Ellis II.
beano, mate, have been arrested at San Fran
cisco, charged with purposely wrecking the
bark Union in Puget sound recently for the
purpose of defrauding the insurance companies.
The crime, if proven, is punishable with death.
Tens of thousands of people at Saratoga wit
nessed the annual regatta of the college rowing
clubs ; and although th prevailing anticipa
tion at the Springs for a day or two previously
was that Harvard or Yale Colleges would win,
the match resulted in a victory for Cornell, the
Freshman and Senior crews of that university
carrying off the prizes for their respective
classes. The distance rowed over was three
miles, and the time of the winning crews was
16 minutes seconds for Seniors, and
minutes 3'2 Becouds for the Freshmen.
The Suffrage Committee of tho Connecticut
Legislature has reported in favor of women
voting at Presidential elections.
Two English tourists were arrested at May-
ence, not long since, by Prussian authorities,
on the supposition that they were French spies.
When it became known who they wore, they
were released with profuse apologies.
The American rifle team has declined an in
vitation to shoot a match at Wimbledon with
picked eight from all England. They announce
that they cannot depart from their original in
tention to shoot but one match on that side
the Atlantic. .
Later accounts have been received of the re
cent terrible storm in the harbor of Valparaiso,
which more than confirm the previous reports
of the destracUveness of the cyclone. The
loss of life Is estimated at over two hundred
souls. Forty boys belonging to the naval train.
ing ship wore drowned. No correct estimate of
tho loss of property has been arrived at, but
what with the stranding of vessels, the sinking
of hulks, the damage to vessels, destruction of
liters, the boats lost (probably exceeding 100
in number), and the destruction of baths and
other property the amount will be vory heavy.
During the recent typhoon at Hone Kong,
China, the steamer Poyang foundered, with a
loss of. one hundred lives.
Chinese pirates and smugglers recently at
tacked a British steamer in the harbor of Foo
Chow, and killed a custom house officer on
duty, he receiving abont twenty-five slugs in
his breast The smugglers wore beaten off by
the crew, and it was learned that four of the
dosperadoes were killed and several wonndod.
The town of Bnda-Pesth, in Hungary, has
bad a second destructive tempest which car
ried away all the temporary works for the re
pair of damages by tho former one ; houses
were unroofed, and several towers blown down.
No lives lost
Denmark, it is said, will demand an explana
tion from Germany for the secret soundings
taken by a Prussian vessel in Danish waters last
Moody and Saukey are coming home in
Heavy rains and floods aro reported in En-.
gland and Wales, causing much damage to
Lambert Brothers & Scott London coal mer
chants, have failed. Liabilities,. $1,000,000.
The grant to defray the expenses of the
Prince of Wales' visit to India, passed the
British Parliament by a vote of 338 yeas to 16
A Band of Robbers Board an Express
Train in Illinois—The Engineer Shot
Dead, the Engine and Express Car
Detached—The Express Messenger Defends
His Car Successfully.
One of the most high-hauded attempts
at robbery that has ever occurred in Il
linois took place at Ixmg Jroint, a station
on tho Vandalia railroad, on the night of
the 8Ui inst. The dispatchos to the Chi
cago papers give the following particu
lars of the altiur : .
As train No. C. eastward bound, in
charge of Conductor Fraloy and Engin
eer Milo Ames, came up to Long Point
Biuuon ior water, two men uoaraca ine
locomotive, one from each side, and said
to the engineer J" Pull out !" The en-.
gineer was at first somewhat bewildered,
when they said again, "Pull
out I" At this he, seeming to comprehend
the situation, said: "All right, I'll pull
out." .The men then said: "We will
run the thing ourselves," and at that
both of the robbers fired. One of the
shots killed the engineer instantly, and
uie otlinr lodged m the cab. The nro-
man, who was on the tank, taking in
water, immediately jumped and ran to
Uio rear of the train, to notify tne tram
men, he having heard the conversation
ana comprehending the situation.
.During these proceedings at the en-
'iguu!, a contMorate bail detached tne
1 , Tpvr,-rta- - o ti l flmv f ban Ttl1-
ing tho engine wide open, ran her
about two miles east and stopped, blow
ing " off brakes " to deceive the express
J. hey tnen came to Uie door of tne oar
and said : "Let me in, Jack." Ho re
plied to them : " You s s of b s, I'm
ready for you I If you ever como in
here, you aro dead men I" The robbers
then commenced firing into the car. Tho
messenger, iiurko, said it seemed to him
that there were a dozen of them, as the
shots seemed to come from all direc
The conductor and train-men, nftor
the shots were fired, saw tho situation of
affairs, and at once set about to pursue
the robbers. They could only find one
revolver on the train, but found two sol
diers on board a car, who were armed
with oorbines. With these weapons the
train-men and tho soldiers started m pur
suit of the train and robbers, but when
tliev come ud to the tram all was a met.
the robbers having fled. They found the
imftimnjr in the bottom of his cab, cold
There chanced to be a freight engineer,
Jack Yancleve, on tho train, and he,
with the fireman, immediately ran the
engine back to the train and brought
The robbers failed to get any entrance
whatever into the express car, it being
one of tho 'close kind, and having no
windows, and very strong every way.
Had they detached the American Ex
press cor also, which was immediately in
the rear of the Adams, they would un
doubtedly have accomplished their ob
ject, as it was an open cor, Having win
dows. and doors not very strong.
rSnginoer Ames was ono of tno best
engineers on the road, about 35 years
old, and. had been married but a short
The robbers who boarded the locomo
tive wore long linen dusters.
Conductor a raley. ana all tne train
men, iu fact, did all they could under the
The music of 11 ail Columbia was
composed in 1789 by Prof. Pliylo, of
Philadelphia, ami played at Trenton
when Washington was on route to Mow
York to be maugnratod. The tune was
originally called the " President's
March." The words were written ten
years Inter, when there was every pros
pect of a war with i ranee, and patriotic
feeling pervaded the country. Joseph
Hopkinson, the author, was a native of
Philadelphia, and during his life filled
many literary as well as political omces,
being a member of the House of ltepre-
sentatives and a Judge ot the United
States District Court. Ono day Mr.
Fox, a young actor and singer, called on
Mr. Hopkinson, and told him that a
benefit had been arranged for him at the
theater, but he feared it would prove
loss rather than a benefit. But Mr. Fox
remarked that if ho could get a patriotic
song adapted to the music of the " Presi
dent s March, which was then very
popular, he had no doubt it would draw
a full house. Mr. Hopkinson wrote one
verso and chorus, and then submitted
them to Mrs. Hopkinson, who sang them
to a piano accompaniment, and then the
other verses wero written. When Mr.
Fox heard them ho was delighted. Tho
song was announced to be sung at the
theater, the house was crowded, and
"Hail Columbia was enthusiastically
received and repeatedly encored. Night
after night it was sung at the theater,
and soon became a popular national
Charles Scmxzb gave to Harvard Col
lege Library during his lifetime more
than 250 maps, 1,300 volumes, and 15,000
or 20,000 pemphleta. His bequest
amounts to about 8,750 volumes, includ
ing duplicates ; and also the library
to receive from his estate about $50,000
as a permanent fund for the purchase
works on politics and fine arts,
A STRUGGLE FOR LIBERTY.
Two Convicts Attempt to Jump from a
Train—Desperate Fight with Passengers
[From the Chicago Tribune, July 9.]
One of the most desperate attempts at
escape on record occurred yesterday
morning on the train which conveyed the
convicts recently sentenced in the Crim
inal Court from this city to the Peniten
tiary at Joliet There were nineteen
prisoners in all, and they were guarded
by Sheriff Agnew, Deputy Ed Longley,
and Assistant-Turnkey John Council.
Several ordinary passengers occupied
tho car with the jail-birds, who wore, by
the way, manacled and chained one to
tho other, iu couples, after tho most ap
proved fashion. They were, indeed, a
terrible gang, hardened in sin, and ready
to risk, or even to lose, their fives rather
than submit to the lotig confinement and
hard labor which came to them as a just
reward for their divers crimes against
society and the laws.
All passed off quietly until the train
had passed Lemont, when it was running
at its maximum speed about 35 miles
an hour. Sheriff Agnew stood in one
end of the car, facing the locomotive, so
as to command the convicts on one side,
while Deputy Longley, at the other end
of tho cai, commanded the prisoners on
the other side. John Connoil did gen
eral duty common on such expeditions.
At the point indicated, two of the pris
oners, each sentenced to three years in
the Penitentiary, asked permission to ge
to tne water-closet, which, was situated
on the west side of the car. Connell
was directed to accompany and keep
watch over them. He kept the door
partially open, but the men crushed
against it, and he could see only one leg ;
but, knowing that this hmb was con
nected with the other oonvict by an un
breakable fetter, He naa no suspicion of
anything wrong until he saw' the leg
groduaUysUdingjaway from the dominion
of his optics: Then he pushed open
the door, and saw that one of the pris
oners had actually gone through the win
dow leading to the platform, and was
dragging the other worthy after him in
most zealons- and scuentino manner.
Connell shouted an alarm, and caught
the rear guard of this most forlorn hope
by the foot, hanging on like grim death.
In the meantime Mr. John Bvrne. the
lawyer, had noticed that something was
going on, and rushed to the platform of
the car iust as one man had emerged
from the window and the other was par
tially out. He seized the outsider by
the arm, and signaled to Deputy Long
ley, who at once comprehended the situa
tion, and rushed out on the platform.
There he found one of the convicts, a
ruffian named McCarthy, hanging on the
aide of the train, and making superhu
man exertions to release his comrade
from the grasp of Connell. Longley got
his arm around the neck of the fellow
coming out of the window, seeing which
Connell released his hold and come to
the plucky Deputy's assistance on the
outside.' Both men were now out of the
window, and were only held from going
off the cars by the amazing efforts of
Liongloy and Byrne. The former, in
order to save himself from being drawn
oil the platform to certain death, wound
his disengaged arm around the iron rail
ing, and thus, although strained in a
fearful manner, prey anted the convicts
from taking the terrible jump until sev
eral passengers, together with Connell,
rushed to aid him. Then ensued a ter
rible struggle. McCarthy and the other
prisoner, whose name is forgotten,
fought with the fury of wild beasts, and
scorned to court death with unexampled
hardihood. McCarthy's foot sometimes
almost touched the ground. McCarthy
worked so hard that he almost tore the
hand off the fellow who was held by
Longley. The straggle, for the time it
lasted, was intensely exciting, but finally
numbers prevailed, and the sullen cap
tives were led back to their seats.
Meanwhile Sheriff Agnew, who ob
served the movement in-front of him and
at once comprehended its meaning, was
placed in an unenviable position. When
the remaining convicts saw the attempt
made by their comrades, they simulta
neously sprang from thoir ooats and at
tempted to make a rush. Agnew drew
his revolver, and shouting, ,rTake your
scats this minute or 111 fire urion von 1"
overawed the rascals and compelled their
The attempt of McCarthy and his con
federate was most audacious. Chained
together, and the train proceeding at so
rapid a rate, they must have inevitably
been drawn beneath the wheels, and so
have miserably perished. But even such
a fate, McCarthy afterword admitted,
would have been preferred to three years
of x'enitentiory discipline in the crim
inal palace at Joliet. .
An Impressive Sight.
There were seventeen of them ex
actly seventeen. They marched down
Michigan avenue in double-fihi all but
one. He marched alone at tho head of
tho column. They were noblo young
men. They had high foreheads and in
telligent faces, and there .was a stern,
determined look on each face a look
which said that they would die at their
country s call. Were they going forth
to battle i Were they going to the res
cue of some kind sentiment which the
wicked world was trying to blot from
the hearts of men ? Were they going to
the succor of tho unfortunate and dis
tressed? No, not a cent's worth they
were going ont to play base ball. It was
an imposing sight to see them march,
march, each form erect, each step in
time, each face bearing that look which
warriors wear when the roar of battle is
loudest. If every one of the seventeen
had been on their way to the woodpile or
the corn field the sight could not have
been more grand and thrilling. Detroit
A Story Hard to Believe.
An English medical journal reports
the accomplishment of the feat of num
bering the hairs of the head. It an
nounces that there are from 160,000 to
200,000 hairs in a lady's head, and then
computes their value by relating an in
cident which it says happened to Mme.
Nilsson during her residence in New
York city. She was at a fancy fair and an
admirer asked her the price of a single
hair from her head. She said $10, " and
ui a few moments the Swedish song
stress was surrounded by admirers anx
ious to buy a hair at the same rate,
The proceeds were given to the fair. At
this rate the value of Mme. Nilsson'
hair is $2,000,000. Boston Post.
Dubtnq the trial of a lawsuit in Indian
apolis the other day, one of the coun
sel was annoyed by a disturbance pro
ceeding, as he supposed, from party
of young people seated on one side of
tho room, and sent a request through a
court officer to have them change their
position. As they made no sign of
moving in obedience to his suggestion,
he was beginning to exhibit a good deal
of wrath, when a bystander interposed
with the explanation that the obnoxious
party were inmates of the asylum for
deaf mutes, and must be appealed to
through some other Reuse than that of
A Man's Singular undertaking—Pushing
Three Children from New Orleans to
New York in a Wheelbarrow.
One day last week a man, giving his
name as Harrison Weston, pushing a
wheelbarrow in which lay three little
children, attracted attention on the river
front at Louisville. The man was about
45 years old. Ono of the children was
a boy 8 years old, and the other two
were girls, one of about 4 years and the
other 6 years old. Tho wheelbarrow
was a little wider than tho usual article,
and over it were attached hoops; A bed
was made in it in which lay tho three
little children. The man said that he
had wheeled the vehicle all the way from
New Orleans. Some months ago Wes
ton said he was compelled to go to St.
Louis from New Orleans. Necessity
drove him to take this method of travel
ing. He placed his children in the
wheelbarrow, and he and his wife
trudged all the way from the one place
to the other, and then back again. A
short time ago he made up his mind to
go to New York in this manner to make
some money. He left New Orleans
some time in April, and with his wife
and his peculiar coach, started for Mem
phis. All his worldly goods were placed
m the wheelbarrow, together with his
three children. In case of rain or cold
they had the proper covering, which
was thrown over the hoops to protect
them. He and his wife jogged along,
he wheeling the vehicle. They stopped
at farm-houses and other places on their
route, and arrived in Memphis in May.
At that place his wife died, and he hod
to proceed alone with his children. He
loft Memphis the 14th of May. Ho had
been about six weeks on the road, fre
quently taking long routes in order to
be sure to reach his journey's end. He
said that the elder girl and the boy
walked eighteen miles on Sunday with
out complaining,- although both were
barefooted. He told bis listeners that
he had walked some days thirty' miles,
often for ten miles at a time failing to
be free of the wheelbarrow for rest The
three children were fat and healthy
looking, the girls were dressed in calico
and barefooted, as. was also the boy,
who was dressed in a rough suit of cloth
ing. The man was shabbily dressed,
but spoke as if he hod some education.
His trip is certainly one of the most re
markable on record. It is over 800 miles
from Now Orleans to Louisville by rail,
but his route must have been much
A Strange Reunion.
The following episode occurred at
Massillon on. Thursday of last week. On
street near the spot where the tent of
Barnnm's show was pitched, two men
approached each other, and when abont
ten feet apart, both stopped and stood
for a moment gazing at each other in
mute astonishment, when they rushed
each into the other's arms, and like two
maniacs hugged and kissed each other;
then separating, they took another look
and went through the same unrestrained
operation; and while they stood hand in
hand a third man approached, and on
seeing them, he came up, stared at them
a moment when they noticed him, and
the trio went through the same frantic
and loving motions, shaking hands,
laying on and hugging each other in
turn. At nrst we thought the men were
drunk, but upon further observation,
and on approaching the group, we
learned the facts were these. The two
who first met were Dr. J. B. Gardner,
of Brookfield, in this county, and John
tthang, boss canvas man with the Juar
num show; both had been for three
years inmates of the Ohio Penitentiary,
whero from day to day they had marched
side by side, without daring to speak a
word to each other. Bhang had been
sent from Carrollton for killing a man in
a general fightr ul alio paoplo of Car
rollton regarded him as innocent, but
circumstantial evidence led the Judge to
send him up. Gardner will be remem
bered as having been sentenced from
Canton nearly four years ago. Shang'
was released several months before
Gardner, and they had never met to
Bpeak, from the time thoy first saw each
other in the prison until last Thursday.
The third man, now traveling for some
Columbus establishment, was for a long
time guard in the penitentiary, and both
Shang and Gardner had been under his
supervision : they hung about his neck
and called him their dearest friend, and
said he was the kindest and best guard
that ever stood in the walls of the Ohio
Penitentiary. . The whole transaction
was very touching, and we can confident
ly assert that not one ot tne men was
under the influence of liquor in tho
slightest degree, nor wero their actions
prompted by any but earnest emotions,
natural under the circumstances. Stark
Oo. (O.) Democrat-
Happy Every Day.
Sidney Smith cut the following from
a newspaper and preserved it for him-
seu : " wnen you rise in me morning,
form the resolution to make the day a
happy one to a fellow creature. It is
easily done ; a left off garment to the
man who needs it : a Kma word to tne
sorrowful ; an encouraging expression to
the striving trifles in themselves as
light as- air will do at least for the
twenty-four hours. And u you are
young, depend upon it, it will tell when
yon are old ; and if yom are old, rest as-
. i , , , " a, j 1 :
surea lb win senu you geuuy tuiu wtpiu-
ly down the stream of time to eternity,
By the most simple arithmetical sum.
look at the result. If you send one per
son away happily through the day, that
is three hundred and sixty-five in the
course of a year. And suppose you five
forty years only after you commence that
course of aicdicine,you have made 14,600
persons happy at all events for a time.
An American Yarn.
An Englishman travolcd, of course
relates that an American gentleman who
had at an early day gone the overland
route to CaUfornia, told him this: " We
dossed the sand-hills near the scene of
the Indian mail robbery and massacre of
1856, wherein the driver and conductor
perished, and also all the passengers but
one. But this must have been a mis
take, for at different times afterward, on
the Pacific ooast, I was personally ac
quainted with 133 or 134 people who
were wounded during that massacre, and
barelv moaned with their Uvea. There
was do doubt of the truth of it I had
from their own lips. And one ox the
parties told me that A kept oomtng
aorcm arrow Jieafa in hit tyttem jor
nearly tenet) pears after tne massaare,
THE BENEVOLENT WOLF.
[Paraphrased from the Spanish of Yriarte.]
BY JOHN G. SAXE.
A Wolf not in the least alarmed
To meet a Shepherd qnite nnarnOil
Addressed him in a civil way
With, " Tell me now, my friend, I pray,
(For truly I would like to know)
Why wolvea by men are bated SOT
I aee no rcaaon, I protest,
Why yon ahould deem me anch a peat
Reflect a bit, and, on my word,
You'll own yoor spite is moat absurd,
My skin yon need not to be told'
Protacts yon from the wet and cold ;
And irnarda yon aleo, in your ease.
Against a thousand atinging fleas ;
My claws are potent to defy
The mischief of the evil eye;
Nor need yan foel the least alarm,
lef ended by this conntcr-charm;
Of bruises, too, my fat is anro
To work tia known a ready cure "
" Enough !" the Shepherd said, " Enough
Too long I've beard thia silly stuff ;
, Snppoee yonr boastful words were trae,
Wa owa no gratitude to yon ;
Grant that yoa serve some useful end,
Tia vastly more than you intend ;
And, Judging by that simple teat, ' .
You're but a wicked Wolf, at beat;
Moreover, it is plainly true
Mo good in life you ever do;
Tia clear, by what yourself have said.
You're good for naught till you are dead 1"
How many men we find
Whose benefactions call to mind
The boastful wolf 1 who never give
A thought to Mercy while thoy live.
But after death, by lucky chanoe.
Some useful purpose may advance ;
No Utanka to them whose living will
Delighted but in doing Ul 1
Wit and Humor.
An air of importance One's first
Children' should be seen to, not
What soup are Quakers most fond of t
When sweet oil is put into a castor.
does it become castor oil?
Wht is a ponny-a-liner like ' a hard
Judge ? Because he abhors short sen
"Bah." said John Henry's hopefu
to a boy who wanted to whip him, "you
oonldn t lick a postage stamp." ,
Tun Carlista recently caunrht a man.
bathed him in petroleum, applied a
lighted match to him, and danced by the
light thereof. They had no personal
grudge against him. -
A Scotch peddler completely cowed
an irascible Welshman, who insisted on
fighting him in an inn kitchen, by going
down on his knees and imploring pardon
for having killed two men already, and
being about to kill another."
Get. out of the way I what are. you
good for 1" said a cross old man to a
bright-eyed urchin, who happened to
stand in his way. The little fellow, as
he stepped one side, replied very gently,
Xhey mase men out or hucu uusgsas
Thb lawyers of New York wanted to
give Judge Pierrepont a public dinner.
He declined. Such things, he said, were
mis-steak for public men beef-ore they .
had been tried, and the times were out
of joint f or soup-perfluities. Missouri
A Sdnday-Schooi, prodigy, having
listened to a discourse on the necessity
of offering a firm front to the evil one,
said he could not fight the old gentle
man himself he was not his size; but if
he had any young ones, he'd knock the
life out of them as soon aa he would
TTnur i TVwtin dnlinrment instifies
liimralf "ThA nlftfntirT in this rase was
innnlnnt. TT imdstad on loud wliistlincr
in my office. My fingers slipped down
I i. 1 - t 11 1 1. ' -.aAlrllt.
UStWOCU 11 in WtMi W11U BU1U tvo unAwu
Iiko chain lightning, and I let him waltz
nut of mv office like a July zephyr. I
await your Honor's sentence." -
Bo help me gracious cf ery day
I laugh me wild to see de vay '
My acumall young baby drie to play
Dot funny little baby.
Sometimes dher came a little achquall,
Dot's Then dcr vindy rind will crawl
Bight in its little stomach achmall.
Dot's too bad for dar baby.
He bulla my nose and kicks my hair.
And grawla me of er everywhero,
Und echlobbeTB me vot uo I care T
Dot voa my achmall young baby.
Around my head dot little arm
Yaa achqueezin me so nice and warm
Oh, may dher never come some harm
To dot echnall little baby!
A family, the widowed father of which
has been somewhat afflicted with an in
termeddling of uproarious aisters-m-law,
has a six-year-old girl that has a "faculty
of prayer." A few evenings since she
enumerated the objects of her supplica
tions as follows: " God bless papa and
my governess, and my sisters and broth
er, and my uncle Sam and my aunt
Ueorgia, ana my twin cousins, aau coua
in Julia, and all my relations, except
Maur and Jane and Ellen (the obnoxious
aunts), and the less you have to do with
, , ii 'i. i a
tnem me Deiter it win uo xur vuu.
A w anrannl rlArk-Aw leaned over a Clay
street gate yesterday and called to the
dusky proprietor oi a caom: ooe uuuu,
.enry, ibu t you aoout reaay w pay me
it two bits l " Haven't nuffin to pay
van tim Teniv. " Yon borro ed
,lnt mnnev a wh tin year aero. Henrv."
continued the old -man. "Can't help
dat can't pay." "Henry, I believes
you don't want to pay; I believes you is
dishonest, and I nebber ask for de
money agin; I'll leave de lord to collect
it 1 " Hhoo ! " excuumea nenry, greauy
interested all at once, " You hasn't any
more money to lend on dose terms, has
ye " Exchange.
The Decrease in Immigration.
The half -yearly report up to July 1,
of the Commissioners of Emigration,
which was made yesterday, shows a de
crease of immigration during the first
BIX lUUUbUB Ul lilUO JW, vv,
with that of the same period of 1874, of
23,662. The Ctommissioners are of the
opinion that the total immigration will
. . I AA AAA I . ll A .1
not amount to w,uw iur uio ju,
of this fully 30,000 will not pay any
head-tax whatever. They do not expect
the actual receipts to be half ol tnoseior
104I VkmlWanniT an A-TTWtImI
OI". illlt'WlLll.'UVJUllllp, "...
i.iot, nf rann nnn on the Ward's Island
tVWU w yuvjvvv - -
property, including the present mort-
gUge, UIO iiiiwmninin A i IU tun. v
close of the year the Board will be great
ly in dobt, and that they will have to
close tne institutions oeiore uie winner
sets in. New York Tribune.
Female A. B.s It sounds anomalous
hear of a lady Bachelor of Ann, put
that is what three female students at
Girton College for Women, at Cambridge,
JSngland, nave snown Tmemjseivws cuuwou
to be called. They passed in papers of
general examinations for the degree of
A. B. possessed of such merit as to qual
ify them for first-class. Their names are
Miss Eliza Baker cf Bristol, Miss Alios
Barbara Beltham, niece of Miss M. Bf !
than Edwards, novelist i and Miss Annie
Balina Wtdlis, daughter of the Rev. J,
Wallia of Brixton,