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Terms, $1.50 per Annum, in Advance.
VOL. VIIL--NO. 39.
EATON; OHIO, THURSDAY, AUGUST 12, 1875.
WHOLE NUMBER 432,
k. kkk. . Kama,
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
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Business cards of five lines or less, $3 per annum.
Local notices 10 cents per line each insertion.
Simple announcements of marriages and deaths,
ad church and benevolent society noflcea inserted
free. Any additions to obituary notices will be
charged 6 cents per line.
Fsroni biust be handnd In as early as Tuesday
morning to insure insertion the same week.
Communications upon subject of general or lo '
cal interest are solicited.
A "National Hard Money Conven
tion" is to be held at Cincinnati on the
25th of October.
Thb area of the Southern States is
nearly 507,000,000 of acres. There are
55,000,000 of acres under cultivation.
Or the 255,000 headstones just finished
to mark the resting places of Union sol
diers in the national cemeteries," 195,000
are for graves of the unknown.
A hen of Jonathan Bod well, of Middle-
town, Conn., ceased to lay, a few weeks
ago, and rapidly fattened up till she
could scarcely walk, when she was killed,
and a mass of ten full-sized eggs and
a number of smaller ones taken from
Tex richest woman in America is the
wife cf Prof. Gammel, formerly of
Brown University, Rhode Island. She
has an income of at least a million a
year, her father's estate, which she has
just inherited, being estimated at fully
"A buffebke," who wrote to a Chi
cago editor asking what course to adopt
in order to relieve-himself and his family
from the nuisance of being kept awake
night after night by the barking dogs of
a near neighbor, was recommended to
try strychnine in a piece of raw beef.
CmoAGO Tribune: "Copy was out.
The devil picked up a paper and said,
' Here's something ' About a Woman '
must I cut it out?' 'No I' thundered
the editor; 'the first disturbance ever
created in the world was occasioned by
the devil fooling about a woman.' "
Fbakk Norton resigned a position as
Clerk in the Interior Department to be
como a professional ball-player. He
married a young Brooklyn girl with a
maiden aunt worth half a million, and
the considerate old creature gracefully
withdrew from this world, leaving the
property to her niece."
Tem Centennial Board of Finance an
nounce that, in addition to collections
and subscriptions already made, $1,000,
000 will be required for building pur
poses alone in the last four months of
this year, and make further appeal for
aid to citizens of Philadelphia and the
country at large.
John Welsh, President of the Cen
' cmiinl Board of 'Finance, estimates the
total cost of the exhibition at $8,500,000.
The city of Philadelphia and the State
appropriations, together with private
subscriptions, reach $3,000,000. The
stock basis will thus be about $5,000,000,
and this, it is expected, will be met by
admission fees and sale of materials after
The London papers are giving de
served attention to the case of a little
girl who was sentenced by the magis
trates at Spalding to imprisonment a
fortnight and a reformatory for four
years, for plucking a geranium flower.
"British justice," as thus illustrated,
- would appear to be in the hands of grim
and dyspeptic giants such as are the
bugbears in nursery, teles.
Milwaukee is entitled to be classed as
the beer capital of America. That city,
with its 100,000 inhabitants, consumed
during the month of June 28,327 barrels
of lager, making 14,050,192 glasses, at a
cost of $702,509.60 to the consumers.
As half of the population may be as
sumed to be minors below the beer
drinking ago, the remainder must have
taken ten glasses each per day.
At Altaville, Sicily, hogs have the free
entry of the house, and move about on
very familiar terms with families. Not
long ago a rich proprietor came home
from hunting, and set up his gun against
tho wall of his room, when one of the
inmates, a hog, knocked it down by ac
cident, and wholly unintentionally, and
sent a ball whizzing into the wealthy
farmer's leg, which had to be amputated.
An unfortunate New Yorker afflicted
with sleeplessness wrote to a metropoli
tan journal for instructions how to woo
the drowsy cod, and received the follow
ing answer : " We assure 'Bleepless-
ness that his case is one of thousands.
There is an old prescription which re
commends the perusal of a chanter
of the Patent Office reports before re
tiring. This will either produce sleep
or death. We forget .which, but we
recommend you to try it."
Tns Postmaster-General has definitely
decided to change the system of Post
masters' bonds. Hitherto the amount
of tho bonds has been determined by the
sales of postage-stamps. Thev are now
to be rated kccording to the receipts from
stamp sales lor one month only. I
legulation for postofficcs in smaller cities
will not be the same as those of larger
cities. Une of tho arcumenta in favor
smaller bonds from eovernment officials
where it is consistent with safety is that
it is found that bondmon in freauent
stances seem to own the official, for they
have become strenuous for the control
of appointments under him,
Tire long contest in Miehi
admission of homeopathy to instruction
in the medical school of the State Uni
versity at Ann Arbor has at length been
closed by the establishment of
homeopathic professorships and the
propriation of $6,000 by the Legislature
to pay salaries. The law requiring
giving of homeopathic instruction
piKssed just twen'y years ago, but
been contested 1 y the Regents of
University ; at first, on the ground that
tho Regents were supreme in such mat
ters, in regard to which the Supremo
Court of the State was evenly divided ;
second, on the ground of the lack of
funds. But, tho funds having been sup
plied, the Professors have now been
appointed Drs. J. C. Morgan, of Phila
delphia, and S. A. Jones, of Englowood,
N. J. Moreover, the State Medical bo-
ciety have voted not to show fight.
William McCue, a laboring man, was
drowned in Sciota river at Columbus,
while watering horses.
The Clark County Prohibitionists have
put a full ticket for county officers into
the field .. .. ..
Ohio postal affairs: Entablislicd
Russell, Geauga county, Jacob Chase,
Postmaster. Postmasters Appointed
Bauibridge, Ross county, W. P. Boards-
lee; York, Union county, H. C. Moffit
At the grand opening of the new bil
liard hall at the Merchants' Hotel, in
Dayton, the game between Louis Shaw,
of Chicago, and Henry Choato, of Cin
cinnati, resulted : Shaw, 150; Choate,
Miss Sejxye, M. D., died Juno 9 at
Massboric, Northern India. She was a
daughter of Dr. Seelye, of Cleveland.
She was connected with the Woman's
Union African Mission in Calcutta. Miss
Seelye was on her vacation trip, and died
of typhoid fever.
Neab Zaleski, on Monday last, an ex
press train on the Marietta and Cincin
nati railroad ran through a culvert which
had been washed out by the rain, killing
James Powell, the fireman, and break
ing the thigh and arm of Engineer Cut
ter. No passengers were injured.
John Noble, a highly respected
farmer, 50 years of age, living near Mil
bury, Ottawa county, killed his wife one
night lost week, by beating her with a
club and cutting her throat The alleged
cause was infidelity. He surrendered to
Two little boys, aged 8 and 5 Years,
were drowned in the Ohio river at Cin
cinnati, a few days ago. A man saw the
boys fall into the water, and ran home
to change his pantaloons before going
into the water to rescuo them. When
the lunatic returned the boys were
A severe storm of rain and wind
passed oyer Marietta, on Thursday night
of last week, causing a heavy loss of
property. The five-story warehouse of
the Marietta Chair Company, filled with
furniture, was blown down, and, with its
contents, destroyed. Tho loss is esti
mated at $75,000, and no insurance.
A? Columbus, one night last week,
Henry Wright, colored, bet a friend
that he could drink a quart of raw
whisky and eight glasses of beer inside
half an hour. He won the bet, but the
Coroner returned a verdict that the said
Wright camo"to his death from an over
dose of whisky and beer, drank in too
short a time.
H. S. Rich, the defaulting agent of
the Baltimore and Ohio railroad, was
taken before the Mayor of Columbus,
on Monday last, and discharged, no one
appearing against him. This is in ac
cordance with the terms of a compro
mise mado between his attorneys and
the railway officials, Rich giving such
information as may load to the recovery
of most of the $8,000 embezzled by him
and lost in gambling.
Reports from all portions of Southern
Ohio give gloomy accounts of continual
rains and damage to the crops. The
Big Miami river at Cieves hod risen at
the rate of six inches per hour, and the
bottoms are all under water. Three
thousand acres of corn between Cieves
and Lawrenceburg are flooded. At Mor
row a terrible rain-fall occurred, and the
Little Miami river is reported as flood
ng the town.
New patents issued to citizens of this
State: Vehicle seats, John It. Hill, Re
public; pianoforte actions, Thaddeu P.
Carr, Yellow Springs; pilot wheel corn
drills, James Campbell, Harrison ; eave
troughs, Robert Ty hurst, Dresden; knit
ting machines for making bullion fringe,
Edward P. Curtiss, Noreralk hog ring
ing apparatus, Silas Sparks and John
W. Sparks, Bowensville; earth angers,
J. P. Simmons, Tiffin; butter preserving
firkins, J. Wilhelm, Orvillo.
Dr. Paschal Beverly Randolph,
who claimed to be a nephew of John
Randolph, of Virginia, and the author of
" Preadamite Man," and a large number
of physiological, spiritual, and theologi
cal works, and the founder of the sect
known as Rosicracians, committed sui
cide at Toledo, a few days ago, by shoot
ing himself through the head. Ran
dolph hod been on a drunken spree for
several days, and was morbidly jealous
of his wife. Ho was about 50 years of
age, a ripe scholar, and had traveled all
over the world, but was a lunatic as to
A singular death occurred at Cleve
land one day last week. Alfred Chase
purchased a bottle of bitters of a drug
gist. Proving satisfactory, he recom
mended them to a relative, who tested
the bitters, which made him very ill.
The druggist told Chase the action of
the relative when Chase called for the
bottle and took a liberal drink. ' In a few
minutes he complained of feeling ill, and
soon becoming helpless, was carried back
to the drug store, where he soon died.
The post mortem revealed the fact that
he died from a dose of corrosive poison.
The physician is of the opinion that
there is no poison in the bitters, as he
tested them himself.
NEWS OF THE WEEK.
A man namod Miller was killed by bis own
eon at Brunswick, Me., the other day. Mfllor
was engaged in the pleasant occupation of
beating bis wife, when the son interfered and
Mr. Beecher's hundred thousand dollar sala
ry is a good thing undoubtedly, but the Ply
mouth people do not appear to bo willing to
fork over the amount. It has transpired that
not more than three thousand dollars of the
amount has been subscribed, and that the con
gregation will be obliged to look to outsiders
for the balance.
The bad-smelling Tilton-Beecber volcano
threatens to burst forth again. Theodore Til
ton's counsel have notified Mr. Beecher's law
yers that they will move for a new trial of tho
case on the 1st of September.
There is a lockout iu all the mills of Fall
River, Mass., and 15,000 operatives are idle.'
The infants ot New York City are dying at
the rate of 100 a day, chiefly from cholera in
fantum. 3Jhe New York Timet prints a statement to
tho effect that Donaldson, the missing baloon
ist, is not dead, but is alive and well in Michi
gan, little credence is placed in the story.
There is considerable excitement in the oil
regions of Pennsylvania over the discovery of
resk oil wells of large capacity.
The miners in the anthracite regions of Penn
sylvania are said to be preparing for another
contest with the operators.
Foster Brothers, carpet-weavers of Brook
lyn, N. Y., havo failed. liabilities, ?2G5,000.
In the Southern section of Illinois, known as
"Egypt," during the month of July, the extra
ordinary amount of nine and a half inches of
rain fell. The wheat crop will prove almost a
total failure, and corn, tobacco and hay have
been seriously damaged.
O'Leary, the Chicago pedestrian, has failed
in a second effort to walk ISO miles in 32 hours.
Dospite his failure, however, ho -.did Borne fine
walking. He walked his 50 miles in 9 hours
and 7 minutes, and 100 miles in 20 hours and
At Denver, Col., the other day, there was a
wrestling-match between two athletes named
Williams and McMann. The latter was thrown
by Williams, whereupon a desperado named
Cleveland who bad bet heavily on McMann,
was so incensed at his losses that he drew his
revolver and shot him deal. The murderer
The police of Chicago found the body of
Frederick Burger in the lake, which at first
they were sure was the lout aeronaut Donald
son, and now they mourn the loss of the
A bottlo purporting to contain a card writ
ten by Newton 8. Grhnwood, Donaldson's asso
ciate in the recent disastrous balloon ascen-1
sibn from Chicago, was picked up on the beach
near that city, a few days ago. Qrimwood's
friends doubt its genuineness.
George L. Dunlap has been appointed and
confirmed City Marshal of Chicago.
A convention of colored newspaper men was
held in Cincinnati last week. Nearly all tho
newspapers in the United States under the con
trol of colored men were represented.
Woodruff, late Treasurer of the Western
Development Company, a San Francisco cor
poration, is tho champion defaulter of the
year. His "irregularities" are something over
a million dollars.
Prof. King made a perilous balloon ascen
sion from Bloomington, Iowa, a few days ago.
He passed through a heavy thunder-storm, and
narrowly escaped being struck by lightning.
The rain freighted the balloon heavily, and
caused it to fall rapidly, lodging in a tree near
Olena, 111., tearing and damaging it seriously,
though not lnjunug the inmates.
A locomotive was thrown from the track of
the Wabash railroad near Catlin Station, IlL,
on Thursday last, causing the death of tho en
gineer and the serious wounding of the fire
man. Tho cause of the disaster was a mis
placed switch, done by some villains with the
intention, it is believed, of robbing the express
train, which followed closely after the wrecked
Secretary Bristow is on avisitto his "old
Attorney-General Fierrepont is after the
Marshals in the Southern States with a sharp
stick. He wants thorn to explain somo of tho
extraordinary charges in their accounts.
The fallowing executive order was issued by
the President npon the reception of the news
of the death of Andrew Johnson :
It becomes the painful duty of the President to
announce to the people of the United States tho
death of Andrew Joluvon, the last survivor of his
honored predecessors, which occurred in Carter
county. East Tennessee, at an early hour this morn
ing: The solemnity of the occasion which called him
to the Presidency, with the varied nature and length
of his public services, will causo him to be long re
membered and occasion mourning for tho death of a
distinguished public servant. As a mark of respect
fnr the memory of the deceased it is ordered that
'he Executive mansion and the several departments
it the Government at Washington be draped in
mourning until tho elosc of tho day designated for
bis f imcral, and that aU public business be sus
pended on that day. It is further ordered that the
War and Navy Departments cause suitable honors
to be paid on the occasion to the memory of the
lUustrions dead. U. S. Gkaxt.
The public debt was reduced $1,294,887 du
ring July. Appended ir tho officiaj statement
for August 1:
Six per cent, bonds. $l,005,8!S8,ViO
fclvc per cinU bonds 613,632,750
Total coin bonds $1,709,491,300
uiwiiu money ueus ......a 14.iim,iaiu
Matured debt 10,678.207
Legal tender 871,824,9X5
Certificates of deposit .... 64,275,000
Fractional currency 41,145,393
Ooin certificates 22,725,100
Total without interest 502,965,478
Total debt $2,237,813,040
Cash in Treasury :
Currency 4,31 6,909
Special deposits held for re
demption of ccreulcates
of deposit 64,270.000
Total in the Treasury f 137,529.670
Debt less cash in the Treasury $2,127,393,838
Decrease of debt during July 1,294,887
Bonus lssnea to uie racinc namvay
Companies, interest payable in lawful
money: Prinrijial outstanding $ 64,623.512
Interest accrued antlnnt yet uaiii 323,117
Interest paid ny tho United States 28,202,807
Interest repaid by transportation of
mails, etc 6,214,159
Balance of interest paid by United
The rumor of a quarrel between Secretary
Bristow and Treasurer New turns out to be
false. These gentlemen are not only on the
best of terms in their official capacity, but are
on terms of intimacy in their social relations.
The funeral obsequies of ex-President John
son, at Greenville, Tenn., on the 3d hist., were
witnessed by an immense concourse of people
A tcrriSc explosion occurred Friday last on a
farm in Maury county, Tenn. The boiler of a
steam thresher exploded, instantly killing thrco
men, and seriously wounding seven others, two
of whom will die. The bes.d of one man was
found in a field some distance away, and an
other man was blown a distance of 75 yards.
The majority of McCreery, Democrat, for
Governor of Kontucky, it is estimated will be
Kentucky, Alabama and Texas have voted
affirmatively on the question of calling State
President Grant was out driving at Long
Branch when informed of the death of An
drew Johnson. He was visibly affected.
The recent rain-storms in Ohio, Indiana,
Pennsylvania, Kentucky, and portions of Ill
inois and Missouri, were of unprecedented
violence, and the damage entailed will amount
to millions of dollars. Whole sections of
country were inundated, and crops in the low-
lauds entirely destroyed.
The Irish population of the country cele
brated in a spirited maimer tho one-hundredth
anniversary of the birth ot Daniol-O'Connell,
Late advices from Cuba report tho capture of
an immense Government convoy and the rout
ing of its escort by a body of patriots. .
The Spanish Bank of Havana has refused to
loan the Government of Spain another f 2,000,-
000 on account of the non-payment of previous
Bochefort, the Communist leador, now so
journing in Geneva, recently challenged the
noted Paris fighting editor, Paul de Caasaguao.
The latter replied with an excessively abusive
letter, giving Itochefort the choice of weapons.
The latter choee pistols at five paces, which
means death to both parties. For the first
time in his life Cassagnac, who is the hero of
twenty-five or thirty duels, refused to fight on
the terms proposed, and, according to the
French code, is henceforth to be regarded as a
The British Parliament has passed the bill
for tunnoling the English channel.
The Braidwood Weaving Factory, in Belfast,
has been burned. Loss, $750,000.
-The harvest prospects in England and on the
Comtinent are improving.
An immense meeting in favor of amnesty for
Fenian oonvicta was bold in Hydo Park, Lon
don, last week. It is estimatod that 100,000
persons gathered around the various speakers'
Colonel' Valentine Baker, who committed an
assault upon a young lady in a railway car, has
been found guilty and sentenced to imprison
ment for one year and to pay a fine of $2,500.
Hon L. A. Dessaulles, Clerk of the Crown
and Peace for Montreal, Canada, has abscond-'
ed, loaving behind him debts to the extent of
Advices from Madrid report that the Alfons-
ists have gained eeveral important victories re
cently. France has ratified the Berne Postal Conven-1
Hans Christian Anderssen, tho well-known
Danish poet and novelist, died recently at Co
penhagen, aged 70 years.
The Turks are collecting in large force to
crush tho insurrection in Herzegovina.
The French Assembly has adjourned until
Much distress has been entailed upon Ameri
cans abroad by tho failure of Duncan, Sherman
& Co. Over 1,000 holders of the firm's letters
of credit have been heard from in Germany
alone. Many are utterly destitute, and have
been compelled to apply for relic? to the local
authorities or to the American Consuls.
Disastrous floods, attended by considerable
loss of life, are reported in the East Indies.
Renewed assaults upon foreigners are re
ported from Pekin, China.
Thirteen persons wero drowned tho other day
by a huce water-spont, near Berlin, Germany.
There is great mourning in Denmark over the
death of Hans Christian Anderssen.
Havoc Caused in Illinois, Indiana, Ohio
and Other States—Imperfect Estimates
of the Damage to Crops and Other Property.
The daily papers are filled with re
ports of damage by the recents floods in
the West and bouth, which lor violence
and widespread destructivencss are with
out parallel. Ike following summary
will give a fair idea of the magnitude of
the disaster :
The Chicago Tribune estimates the
damage from the recent rains in Cook
county at $100,000. Throughout Cen
tral aud Southern Illinois all the streams
were swollen as they never were before,
and the damage to the crops is incalcu
lable. In many sections the grain has
sprouted in the shock, and even that
which had been stocked is so badly
damn get! that it will hardly pay to thrash
it In Morgan county alone the dam
age to crops is estimated at a quarter of
a million dollars.
The Hoosier Stato . has suffered from
the floods to as great an extent, proba
bly, as any of her sisters. In the Wa
bash valley the disaster reaches the di
mensions of a calamity. The bottoms,
for an average of a mile aud a half wido,
were submerged, and crops, both
harvested and growing, were swept
away, and great suffering must result to
tenants, whose all is swept away. The
Wabash and Erie canal, between La
fayette and Fort Wayne, was almost
completely destroyed, being broken in
more than a hundred places.
A dispatch from Washington, Mo.,
says : " The Missouri river is higher
than has been known siiico 1844. Thou
sands upon thousands of acres of corn
between here and St. Louis are under
water. It is impossible to estimate the
d unage, but it will reach hundreds of
thousands of dollars."
A dispatch from Wapello, says : "Tho
wheat is all cut, but is light, and of in
ferior quality, and is now sprouting in
the shock. Not one acre in ten of the
oats can be harvested in a proper man
ner ; the crop will be almost a total loss.
The hay-crop is almost ruined by the
continued wet weather.
The Cincinnati Gazette says : " No
such wide-spread devastation has been
known in tho Ohio Valley before For
weeks and weeks the rain has fallen
steadily, and all tho tributary streams
of the Ohio have been gradually rising
day after day. The storms culminated
in the rains of Saturday night and
Sunday. The earth, drenched and soak
ing, could take no more, and the streams,
swollen already to alarming dimensions,
received an additional volume of water.
Their banks have been overflowed, and
fields that havo been ready for the
harvester for days are now under water.
From all parts of Indiana and Southern
Ohio the same gloomy tidings come.
Houses lmvo shared tho calamity with
lands. People living in the lowhnds
havo been driven to the second stones,
Barus and outbuildings have been swept
away, bridges have yielded to o the
tides, railroad tracks are submerged, and
highways are under water.
In Pennsylvania tho destruction is
widespread. The valuation of the prop
erty destroyed is estimated at upward of
a million dollars.
A dispatch irom Ixmisvule says:
" xno uuio river at tnis point, ana be
low here to Cairo, is higher than for 10
years, iveports Irom bouthern Jien
tucky say that 1,000,000 acres of land,
planted in corn and tobacco, between
Owensboro and Cairo, are under water.
The loss of property is immense. Re
ports continue to come in of the destruc
tion by the late rains of the wheat and
oat crops in the shock all through Ken
tucky and Southern Indiana."
Death of Andrew Johnson.
Ex-President Andrew Johnson died at
tho residence of his sister, Mrs. W. K.
Btmvu.in Carter county, Tenn., on the
morning of Saturday, July SI. He left
his home in Greenville, Green county,
on Tuesday, the 27th, in his usual
health, halo, alert, and vigorous, to spend
a few days with his daughter. On
the evening of tho following day he
was suddenly stricken down with paraly
sis, mainly affecting his left side, and
rendering him unconscious, in which
condition he remained for many hours.
On Friday he rallied, feeling was par
tially restored to his left side, he con
versed intelligently, and his friends had
every reason to hope for his early re
covery. On Saturday morning, how
ever, Mr. Johnson received a second
attack, which he survived but a short
A dispatch from Greenville, Tenn., to
a Nashville paper gives the following
particulars of Mr. Johnson's illness and
death: "He had been complaining some
what of ill-health during the past month,
but felt no apprehensions. Last Wednes
day he took the morning train to visit
his daughter, with whom Mrs. Johnson
had been sojourning lor the past six
weeks. He rode in a hack from Carter's
depot to her residence, some six miles
distant, and seemed in good spirits on
arrival, and ate a hearty dinner, and
after a lew minutes of general conversa
tion retired up stairs, and was talking
alone with his granddaughter, Miss Liliie
btover. While thus engaged, his tongue
refused to utter a tone, and to her great
consternation he fell from his seat to
the floor. Help was instantly sum
moned, and almost as soon as raised he
expressed indistinctly that his right side
was paralyzed. Alter being taken to
the bed, when the family spoke of send
ing for a physician, he forbade it, say
ing that he would soon recover. In this
way the summoning of medical aid was
deferred for twenty-four hours. When
Mr. Jobe was called from Elizabeth town,
some two miles distant, he instantly be
gan' a heroic treatment, aided by Dr.
Cameron, and seemed at one time the
next day to be succeeding. The patient
conversed imperfectly in regard to
domestic matters, and did not seem con
scious of approaching dissolution, but
his case was beyond the skill of a
physician, and at 7 o'clock lost night he
became unconscious. Mrs. Patterson
and Andrew Johnson, Jr., arrived an
hour later with two physicians from
Greenville, Drs. Brey and Taylor, hut
he did not recognize either of them, and
after seven hours and a half of uncon
sciousness peacefully breathed his last,
surrounded by his wife, children, and
all his grandchildren, except the son and
daughter of ex-senator Patterson.
Mr. Johnson a short time previous to
his death, expressed a desire that his
winding-sheet be the flag of his country.
Andrew J ohnson was eminently a self-
made man. It was his reasonable boast
that from a yonth of extremo poverty,
which demed all advantages of education,
he had steadily climbed the ladder of
public'preference, round by round, un
til he reached its highest possible point.
He commenced his career at the ago of
ten a tailor. Death finds him at the age
of sixty-seven, a Senator of the United
States, who had been its President. He
was born in Raleigh, North Carolina,
December 28, 1808. His father's social
standing and monetary worth may be
imagined when it is stated that he was
the city sexton, and porter of the State
bank. In 1826 young Johnson moved to
Tennessee, there to pursue his trade as
journeyman tailor. He settled at Green
ville, which, during all the years of
his busy and eventful life, continued to
be his home. There shortly after his
arrival, he married, and it was under
his wife's instructions that he learned to
write and cipher. His first appearance
in politics was as the organizer of a
workingmen s party in opposition to the
rich element which ruled tho town. He
was chosen an Alderman, and thencefor
ward, until tho day of his death, was in
public life. He was success! nlly elected
Mayor, member of the lower house of
the State Legislature, a Van Buren
Elector 1840, State Sonatorj member of
Congress in 1843, held Ins seat through
fivo terms. Ho was twice elected Gov
ernor of the State, and passed through
the exciting, violout canvasses which
preceded the elections, with an in
trepidity which was a leadiug character
istic of the man. In 1857 he was sent to
the United States Senato. In 1862 he
was appointed Military Governor of
Tennessee. His. administration was
marked with such vigor and at the same
time such moderation, he had made so
many 6acridces for the Union cause, he
was so eminently a war man, that not
withstanding his life-long association
with the Democratic party, he was placed
on the ticket with Abraham Lincoln in
Moving a Printing Office.
Not long since in a country villago a
fire broke out, and among other places
threatened with destruction was a print-
lucr-oniee. As usual there was a rush of
excited persons, some of whom proffered
their services to remove any articles ot
valuo to a placo of security. Among the
rest of the volunteers was a tall, lank,
tallow-haired fellow, evidently a recent
importation from - some verdant and se
cluded valley. Xhe proprietor entrusted
liim with a full case of type, and told
him to take it down stairs carefully, leave
it in a place of safety, and return for
another.' -He seized tho case, and, rush
ing dawn, reached a convenient spot,
where he dumped the contents. Then,
hastening: back with the empty caso, he
encountered the astonished owner, with
the hurried exclamation: " Mister 1 just
fill this 'ere box up agen, will von ? The
fire is burnin' like thunder 1 The re
quest was declined in no complimentary
Cleveland Printing Gazette.
Thb celebration of the two hundredth
anniversary of the attack upon Swanzey,
Mass., by King Philip at the opening of
his wnr on the New England colonies,
took place on the 22d of June, in War
ren, II. I. The coremonies consisted of
a procession, a dinner, an oration, and
AGRICULTURAL AND DOMESTIC.
Follow Up the Plow.
Hard times are upon us,
and the people are in debt:
Tho country's full of trouble.
And the worst in coming yet.
ms not without its causes,
And well plainly teU yon now,
The only way to stop it,
is to ' follow np the plow."
Then follow up the plow, boys,
FoUow np the plow ;
If yon would build the country up,
Just follow up the plow.
Then f oUow up the plow, boys,
Follow up the plow;
If yon would build the country vp
Just foUow up the plow.
Fill np jonr Anlds and prairies
With a crop that's " Rood aa gold."
And mine yonr hills and vaUcya wide,
For iron, salt and coal.
The earth is the producer,
And wo can tell yon bow
To make a princely fortune
Tib to " follow op the plow."
..-There are too many people, , w .
Who froni their diny shirk, '
Who'd rather make a fortune
By some other means than work.
Tho man who plants tobacoo,
Corn, vrh".. or cotton now,
Is king among tho " moneyed men ;
He "follows up the plow."
Follow Up the Plow. Will S. Hays.
Around the Farm.
Liquid manure from under the stalls is
vastly more valuable than the solid mixed
up in water.
To keep seeds from the depredations
of mice, mix some pieces of camphor
gum with the seeds. Camphor placed
in drawers or trunks will prevent mice
from doing them injury.
Pick up all the stones on your place
and cart them off. It is not very pleas
ant business, but it is work that should
be done promptly and with great care.
It is much better to spend a few days
in picking stones every spring than to
have valuable time wasted and money
required to repair broken mowing ma
Bcuss fob Fabmbbs. Take good pa
pers and read them. Keep an account
of farm operations. Do not leave im
plements scattered over the farm, ex
posed to snow, rain, and heat. Repair
tools and buildings at a proper time, and
do not suffer subsequent three-fold ex
penditure of time aud money. See that
fences are well repaired and cattle not
grazing in the meadows or grain fields or
A writer in the Agricultural Gazette
cites his observation in reference to the
healing of broken bones in cattle. An
ox fractured his leg above the knee, a
heifer broke her thigh, a compound
fracture, another suffered a simple frac
ture, but in spite of differing doctors
these animals were turned out to take
their chances, and each and all actually
made a good recovery in the course of a
A New Bbeed of Sheep. Wm. Cra
zier, in charge of an extensive farm on
Long Island, is endeavoring to establish
firmly a new breed of sheep, produced
by crossing Cotswolds and Southdowns.
He has produced, says the American A q
riculturist, a sheep with a heavy fleece
of combing wool, superior in quality and
equal in weight with that of the pure
Cotswold, and with as good quality of
flesh as the Southdown, and one-half
A favorite aud rather new kind of
mash for horses is coming into use, com
posed of two quarts of oats, one of bran,
and a half a pint of linseed. The oats
are first placed in the stablo bucket, over
which is spread tho linseed ; boiung
water is then added to the bran, and the
mixture covered with an old rug, and
allowed to rest five hours, after which
tho mass must be well stirred up. The
bran absorbs while retaining the vapor,
and the linseed binds the oats and bran
Flavor of Eggs. There is a vast dif
ference in the flavor of eggs. Hens fed
on clear, sound grain, and kept on a
clean grass run, give much finer flavored
eggs than hens that have access to a
stable and manure heaps and eat all
kinds of filthy food. Hens feeding on
fish and onions flavor their eggs accord
ingly, the same as cows eating onions or
cabbage, or drinking offensive water,
impart bad taste to the milk or butter.
Tho richer tho food the higher the color
of the eggs. Wheat and com give eggs
the best color, while feeding on buck
wheat makes them colorless, rendering
them unlit for some confectionery pur
poses. Moore's Sural New Yorker.
A writer in the Chicago Tribune
says : The carbon contained in tne veg
etable organism of which' tho coal is
composed, and the bituminous matter
also, together with tho sulphur, lime
aud other mineral matter composing the
coal, furnish substances which swine
seem to need. We have for several
years kept 500 hogs on the refuse of city
hotels, and had no cholera or other se
rious disease among them. Ihey were
allowed all the soft coal and rotten wood
they would consume. Sometimes they
would eat largely of it, aud then again
it would be left untouched for days at a
tune. We should not hesitate to allow
hogs all the soft coal they wanted.
About the House.
Plato Cup Cake. Take 1 enp of but
ter, 1 cup of milk, 1 eggs, 2 cups sugar,
and soda and nutmeg according to judg
ment. Muffins. One pmt of milk, l cup
yeast, a very little- salt. Stir in flour
sufficient to make a batter.' Cook in
rings over tho fire.
A New Hampshire family keep their
vinegar in a white lead keg, and were
surprised the other day to find them
selves badly poisoned.
Do not permit case knifo blades or
forks to stand in hot water. It expands
the steel and cracks the handles. Ivory
handles should never be placed in water.
Fluid glne may be prepared by dis
solving one pound of good glue in one
pint of hot water, to which are added
three ounces of nitric acid ; after the
evolution of nitrous vapors has censed
the liquid is cooled, when it is fit for
Loaf Cake. 1 pounds of flour, 1
pounds of sugar, 1 pound of butter,
eggs, i pint of milk, 1 pounds of fruit
(raisins and currants), 1 teaspoonful of
soda, spices, lemon, etc. Beat the whites
and yolks of tho eggs separately. Dis
solve the soda in the milk. Stone the
raiains and rub them and tho currants in
a little of the flour to prevent them
settling in the coke. Bub the sugar and
butter to a cream. Add the eggs, milk
with soda, spices, lemon, flour, and
lastly the fruit.
Strawberry Shortcake1. With
quart of sifted flour mix thoroughly
teaspoonfulB of cream tarhtr and 1
soda, or the equivalent of ttjijBe in bak
ing powder, rub in a bit ot the butter
size of an egg, add a little salt, and sweet
milk enough to form a soft dough. Boll
half an inch thick and bake in a shallow
pan 15 or 20 minutes; have ready two
Suarts of fine, fresh strawberries; split
ie cake, place half the strawberries be
tween, and cover thickly with white
sugar and cream; put the other half on
the top and cover in the same way; serve
as soon as done.
Cab vino. Fifty years ago the art of
calling was regarded by the most pol
ished society in England and in this
country as the indispensable accomplish
ment of every lady who had to preside
at the head of her table. It was a reflec
tion upon her fitness for that post to say
that she managed the carving-knife with
little skill, or was ignorant of the choice
parts of each dish. Fashion has changed
all that, and the office of carving is now
assigned chiefly to gentlemen; but there
is no reason why ladies should not know
all the niceties of the art, aud be able,
when circumstances require, to preside
with ease and skill at the head of the
table. A good carving-knife, fork, and
steel renders this office a pleasure to the
First American Locomotive.
In 1828 Mr. Cooper was in business, in
New York, his native place. His mother
and grandmother were both born on the
present site of St Paul's church, Vesey
street and Broadway, and his mother re
membered seeing the stockade still
standing which had been erected to keep
tho Indians out of infant New Amster
dam. Mr. Cooper had bought as a
speculation the entire magnificent tract
in Baltimore now owned by the Canton
Company. Baltimore was then a city of
75,000 people, rich and prosperous, and
had entered upon the railroad era.
On July 4, 1828, the corner-stone of
the Baltimore and Ohio road was laid
with imposing ceremonies by Charles
Carroll, of Carroll ton. It was pushed
energetically a little too much so, for
when thirteen miles had been finished,
it was found that in turning the rocks to
save cutting, such short curves had been
introduced that the then experts de
clared the line utterly useless. It could
not be used by steam. Five per cent,
had been paid in, and shares had been
sold at 17, such was the zeal and confi
dence of the people. But the chill was
immense, and everything stopped. Mr.
Cooper, then 38 years of age, saw new
disasters to himself in the depreciation
of his tract should the road fail. He
proposed to the directors to construct
an engine that should be available on
their line. They were willing, but in
credulous. He brought down from his
glue factory in New York an engine with
inches cylinder and 14 inches stroke,
procured wheels and other appliances
from the railway company, and presently
rolled out upon the track the first Ameri
can railway engine. The trial trip was
to take place the next day. That night
a thief stole all the copper and brass
from the infant machine, and caused
some further delay. The trial trip was
run, Mr. Cooper himself acting as en
gineer; and when his wheezing little
baby locomotive threatened to lose too
much steam, he held down the safety
valve with his own hands. The run was
made with thirty passengers, thirteen
miles, in one hour, and Baltimore was
happy. Compare the little engine of
forty-seven years ago with the ponderous
machines of to-day, aud yet they follow
the pathway the little engine opened.
A Long Swim.
On Saturday afternoon Capt. Webb,
master of the Emerald, of Liverpool,
accomplished the feat of swimming 20
miles down the Thames. A small party
embarked on the Falcon steamer at West
minster pier and proceeded to BlackwaU,
where at 2.25 p. m. Capt. Webb took to
the water. It was about high water, so
that little assistance was obtained from
the current foi the first lew miles. The
Captain's style of swimming is a slow,
steady stroke of the arms, a vigorous
action of the legs, and the head is kept
down, so that the water flows over the
month at every stroke. He was accom.
panied by Prof. Beckwith, who from a
small boat directed him in a course along
the middle of the channel, and a small
flotilla of boats at various points brought
curious visitors to watch me swimmer.
Vessels leaving the port of London gave
him a free, course, so that he was little
disturbed bypassing craft The wind
was steady and the weather fair nnti
shortly after passing W'. Iwich, when a
heavy shower followed several peals ot
thunder. Occasionally Capt Webb took
some brandy and water, but no other re
freshments. The distance from Black
wall to Gravesend is seventeen and three
quarter nautical miles over twenty
Ensrhsh miles and the hrst hall was ac
complished in an hour and a half. When
asked how he was getting on, Capt
Webb replied that he was all right but
very hungry. He continued the same
slow, steady stroke to the end, not once
resting by floating or changing his posi
tion, except that now and then he took a
few strokes on his right side. The entire
journey was accomplished in 4 hours and
56 minutes, and at 7.18 p. m. tho Captain
was lifted out of the water into tho boat
opposite tho Town pier, Gravesend,
amid the hearty cheers of the assembled
Sequels to the Beecher Trial.
A bill amounting to $1,502.75, for
meals furnished for the jury in the case
of Tilton against Beecher, is now be
fore Kings County Auditor Fitzgerald,
in Brooklyn. The meals supplied when
the jurors went to the restaurant in per
son, are charged at an average price of
69 6-10'cents each. Those served in the
jury-room while the jurors were locked
up were charged at the rate of 81-27 for
each iuror per day. The total number
of meals furnished was 1,915. The Au
ditor will report the bill favorably to the
Boars of Supervisors under an act of the
Legislature of May 14, 1875, providing
for jurors' meals and extra compensation
during protracted trials.
Loader and Price, the alleged perjur
ers, are still in the Raymond Street Jail,
awaiting trial. Loader says he could
obtain bail if the newspapers would not
publish the names of his bomtsmen. ms
n-ifn visited the District Attorney's of
fice yesterday to meet her husband's
counsel and confer with the District
Attornov. but as the lawyer failed to ap
no formal conference was held.
New York Tribune.
Broom corn used to be almost wholly
raised for this country 8 consumption in
the Connecticut Vallev. Of late years
Illinois has been able to raise larger ana
eheaner crops. Therefore, although
broom-making is extensively practiced
in New England, the raw material is
grown at the West The product of an
acre can be delivered in Northampton
for five dollars. Manv brooms are ex
ported from Boston, and those made for
the foreign tratie nave nanuus Hmiuei.i
with bright colors,-
THE DIFFICULTY IN RHYMING.
We parted by the gate in Jnne,
That soft and balmy month,
B'meath the sweetly beaming moon,
And with a wunth hnnth eunth
Cant find a rhyme for month.
Tears were to pass ere we should meet,
A wide and yawning gulf
Divides me from my love co aweet.
And sadly with an nlf ulf dulf
I plunge these in the gulf.
Ah ! how I dreaded in my soul
To leave my lovely nymph,
While yean should their long seasonsr oU
Before my hyniph dymph eymph
Alas! my lovely nymph 1
Oh! I had loved her many yean '
I loved her for herself,
I loved her for her tender tears,
and alee for her shelf dett spell ;
Must let it go at pelf.
I sorrowfully wrung her hand,
While tears did fast escape ;
Vy anguish I could not command,
And feeling like a tape cape ape
Ah 1 must I make It ape 1
I gave her a last fond adieu
Sweet pupil of love's school,
I told her I would e'er be true,
. And ever be rule niiilf fool
Bear wusd up on the fool I -
Wit and Humor.
Abraham was the first sick man. Ha
had Hagar in tho wilderness.
Why are jokes like nuts? Because
the dryer they ore the better they crack. :
How did Adam and Eve get ont of
the Garden of Eden f Thry were snaked
What poet was always in debt I Cow- .
per. Why I Because na -on a ior a
Why are real cashmere shawls like -
deaf and dumb people f Because you
cannot make them here.
What is that of which some 'will bo
left even when we have taken the whole! .
The word wholesome. -
An Irish doctor lately sent in his hill
to a lady; it commenced as follows
" To curing your husband till he died.'
Query for Naturalists If a bird in tho ,
hand is worth two iu the bush, is a mole
on the face worth two in the ground!
A Vehicle for a Joke Ireland is
usually described as the green isle of
the sea; pink isle would be nearer the '
mark, seeing that it's a car-nation.
-"If Smith undertakes to pull my
ears," said Jones, ' he will just have his
hands full, now." The crowd looked at
the man's ears, and thought so too.
Since tight dresses are worn the street
car conductor can tell just how many ho
can get on a seat, and how many he
can't He don't say " shove np " any
more. - . "
A CoiTJMBiA Professor, reproving a
youth for the use of his fists, said : " Wo '
fight with our heads here." IThe youth .
considered, and replied that butting
wasn't fair at his school !
"Doctor," asked a convalescent,
" can I cat a bit of pork-chop or bacon
this morning?" "Hardly," repliedj
Medicus; "to eat the chop would be
rash, and the bacon rasher."
Dubuque doctors give the boys nickels
and then follow them from the apple
stand home, and by hanging around the'
house a few hours realize several hun
dred per cent, on their investment
A widow who had juetlost her husband,
wj s weeping bitterly for the dear de
parted. A friend tried to console her'
"No. no," said the fair mourner, "let.
me have my cry out After that I shan't
think anything about it "
"How's business now?" inquired one
Nashville merchant of another, " Dull,
fearfully dull," was the reply. "Tho
fact is, nobody buys anything just now
but provisions and whisky tie baro
necessaries of life, as it were."
During a clerical conference, the fol
lowing conversation was heard between
twn newsbovs: " I sav. Jim, what's tho
meaning of so many ministers being
here altogether?" "Why," answered
Jim, scornfully, " they always meet once
a year to swap sermons."
The other day when a Cass street
youth heard of a boy who educated him
self to become a great orator, ho went
home, got his school reader down and
began : " The next gale that sweeps
fiom the north will bring to our ears the
clash 1" His mother arrived just
then, and taking him by thd ear she said: '
" Boy I if yon don't go out and split me
some wood I will make you think earth
and sky have bumped each other !" And
as the boy hacked away at an old chunk
he solemnly, vowed that he would go to
Missouri and join the James robbers.
Detroit Free Press.
Mississippi Steamboat Racing.
Boeing was royal fun. The public al
ways had an idea that racing was langer
ous; whereas the very opposite was tho
case that is, after the hws wore passed
which restricted each boat to just so
many pounds of steam to the square
inclu No engineer was ever sleepy or
careless when his heart was in a race.
He was constantly on tho alert, trying ,
gauge-cocks and watching things. Tho
dangerous place was on euow,
boats, where the engineers drowsed
around, and allowed cmps to get miu
the " doctor." and shut oil the water
supply from tho boilers.
In the "Hush times 01 sieaniuoauug,
raco between two notoriously fleet
steamers was an event of vast importance.
Tho rlate was set for it several weeks in .
advance, and from that time forward the
wnoie Mississippi vaiiey " " w
of consuming excitement Politics and
the weather were dropped, and people
talked only of the coming race. As the
time approached, the two steamers
"stripped" and got ready. Every in
cumbrance that added weight, or ex
posed a resisting surtace to wina or
water, was removed, if the boat could:
possibly do without it The "spars,? ;,
and sometimes even their supporting'-,
derricks, were sent ashore, and no means
left to set the boat afloat in case she got
aground. When tho lichpse and uie
A. L. Shotwell ran their great race
twenty-two years ago, it was said that
pains were taken to scrape the gilding
off the fanciful device which hung be
tween the Eclipse's chimneys, and that
for that one trip tne tjapuuu leu. ou
gloves and had his head shaved. But I
always doubted these things.
if the boat was Known wj
best speed when drawing 6i feet for
ward and 5 feet aft, she was carefully
loaded to that exact figure she wouldn t
enter a dose of homeopathio pills on her
manifest after that. Hardly any passen
gers were taken, tecause they not only
add weight but they never will 'trim
boat" They always run to the side
when there is anything to see, whereas a
conscientious and experienced steamboat
man would stick to the center of the
boat and part his hsir in tho rmddlo with