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L. G-. GOULD.
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L. 0. GOULD, Publisher.
Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party, and the "Collection of "local and General News. :
Terms, $1.50 per Annum, in Advance.
VOL. VIII.-NO. 41.
EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 2,1875.
WHOLE .NUMBER 435,
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ehsrged 5 cents per line.
Favon host be banded in as early ai Tuesday
morning to insure insertion the same week.
Communications upon subjects of general or lo
cal interest are solicited.
Chicagoans chew and smoke three
million dollars' 'worth of tobacco annu
ally. Paralysis is getting to be as common
as rheumatism. In Boston three promi
nent business men died within a week of
paralytic attacks, and elsewhere we hea
of wimilnr cases among the over-worked
and over-anxious ones of these trying
A writes in Blackwood is at pains to
' show that the French, after all their talk
for four years of the improvement of
their army, have done very little. The
Germans have improved their army since
tho conclusion of the war with a zeal un
known in the history of any other people.
Their artillory, splendid and crushing as
it was five years ago, has been greatly
It is bnt a short time since a .passage
by steamer in twelve days between New
York and Queenstown was regarded as
a feat of wonderful speed. Now the
steamship German ia has made the run in 7
days and 23 hours the fastest time on
record. If Newfoundland was made tlx
point of departure on this side of the
Atlantic, the time would, in all proba
bility, be reduced before long to three
As immense jaw bone of some extinct
animal has been unearthed at Independ
ence, Van Bnren 'county, Iowa. It
measured ten feet around from ene
hinge to the other, and is in a remark
ably good state of preservation. In
moving the jaw one of the teeth dropped
out. It measures eight inches in length,
four inches in diameter, and is creased
like a fluting-iron. 'The weight bf this
tooth is four pounds and nine ounces.
An infuriated cow recently broke away
from a butcher in the streets of Bloom
ingtcrt, 111. A little girl, named Bosie
Cotterman, risked her life in the endeavor
to save some smaller children. She had
put three or four of the little ones over
fence and in a plaoo of safety, when
the enraged bovine caught the little he
roine in her arms and tossed her in the
air. Fortunately, though her dress was
torn from her back, the noble little girl
escaped serious bodily injury.
The Daily Bluff City, an Elgin, (HI.)
newspaper, is responsible for this
extraordinary dog , story i. " Robert
Campbell, who keeps the millinery store
on Chicago street, was thrown from a
buggy last evening, one mile east of Car
linville, by Ui barking of a dog, and his
hip dislocated, besides receiving other
severe injuries." We have long been
aware of Elgin's famous and wonderful
watch factory,- but this is the first inti
mation we have had of its dangerous and
. moro wonderful watchdog.
A very tall and shabby-looking man,
a fellow that reminded you of a vagrant
letter from a font of forty-line paragon
extra condensed, stepped to one of our
bars last week, says the Louisville Com
mercial, and after heaving a glass of
liquor into his long throat, blandly asked
the bartender if he could change a $20
bill. The gentleman informed him that
he could. "Well," said the tall one,
with a sigh of satisfaction, " 111 go out
and see if I can find one," and he plung
ed out into the cold world on his mis-
Teb Lord Mayor of London has just
distinguished himself by indulging in an
extravagant banquet in honor of the Pre
fect of the Seine (Mayor of Paris). The
mayors of Wauwatosa, Kankakee, Keo
kuk, and other metropolitan American
cities were unavoidably absent on the
festive occasion, but as there were 600
heads of European municipalities pres
ent, thoir absence occasioned little com
ment The feast cost the Lord Mayor the
trifle of $90,000, or an average of $150
per plate. .. The Lord Mayor must have
. an immense feeling of satisfaction after
- this exhibition of gastric prodigality.
The bark Kate Crosby, of Yarmouth,
N. S., which arrived at New York, a few
- days since, 59 days from London, passed
through an immense fleet of icebergs on
her voyage hither. Her captain has fol
lowed the sea all his life, and states that
never before in all his experience has he
seen such large floes of ice. At one time
73 icebergs were counted from the deck
of the bark, and the thermometer fell to
nearly the freezing point. The third day
of this frigid company, after passing
very close to a large iceberg, it turned
over and burst with a great noise, like
the rumbling of an earthquake. During
the three days the bark was ice-bound,
she passed four steamers. It is a matter
of wonder that catastrophes from this
cause are not of more frequent occur
rence. The steamship Tnlinnn, of the
American line, reports encountering be-
coun taring between 15 and 20 icebergs
within two hours. She was obliged to
steam directly between the bergs in sev
eral instances. Tho thermometer was
influenced ten degrees. ., The ice floes
extend farther to the south this season
than ever known in previous years.
An innovation has been successfully
inaugurated in Chicago. It is a floating
hospital for children. On every fine day
several hundred infants and children,
together with their nurses or mothers,
are towed out into the pure air of the
lake, returning to the city before dark.
The vessel is arranged with every con
venience of necessity and comfort for the
afflicted little ones, and an experienced
pnysician accompanies tne craft, though
the pure air is all the medicine depended
upon to effect the cure of the ailing chll-
dren. This simple treatment is found to
be wonderfully efficacious in the too
often fatal irregularities of the bowels
known as - "summer complaint," and
large numbers of innocents have been
rescued from an early grave by this
means alone, without the assistance of
drugs of any description.
Two immense furnaces the largest in
Ohio, among the largest in the world
are being constructed at Ironton, and
will each turn out fifty tons of metal
Rzv. Chas. G. Finney, for many years
President of Obcrlin College, died very
suddenly, of heart disease, at Ins resi
dence at Oberlin, on the morning of the
John Habtel, of Hicksville, attempt
ed suicide last week by hanging himself,
but his wifo cut tho rope with a jack
knife which she took out of his pocket,
thus saving his life.
. James Taylor, a resident of Colum
bus was drowned while bathing in the
Scioto river, on Friday last. Papers
found on the body show his former resi
dence to have been in Lancashire, En
gland. Twenty-fivh fire companies have al
ready entered for the State Firemen's
Tournament to bo held at Bellefontaine,
Sept 8. These companies embrace
about 700 members, and include engine,
hose, and hook and ladder companies.
J. P. Malii, who was arrested on sus
picionof being the murderer of McGe
han, at Hamilton, left Laporte,Ind.,
very suddenly one night recently, leav
ing several debts unpaid. Some officers
were expected from Ohio, and it is
thought that this had something to do
with his sudden departure.
The horse market on Fifth street, Cin
cinnati, was the scene of a dreadful
murder the other day, the actors in the
tragedy being three brothers named
Thomas, Nicholas, and William Moran,
all over fifty years of age. Some sharp
practioe in a horse trade led to blows,
and William was knocked down, his skull
being crushed in by blows and kicks.
The fratricides were arrested.
A fibk in Cleveland, the other night,
burned the room occupied by August
Zedler, a tailor, setting fire to tho bed
clothes of a bed in which were three
children sleeping. One of them, a little
girl a year and a half old, was badly
burned, but will recover. The origin of
the fire is unknown. The parents of the
children injured wero away at the time
of tho fire.
A fatal accident occurred near Tiffin
on Thursday last. Two men named Ed
ward O'Connell and John Weatta, work
ing in a sand bank, were bri io l alive by
the bank caving in on them.- They had
been told that it was dangerous, but dis
regarded the warning. They were found
about three hours afterward buried
about throe feet deep. O'Connell leaves
a wife and three children. Weatta was
a single man.
A trapeze performer in a theater in
Toledo, last Tuesday evening, fell a dis
tance of thirty feet, striking on an open
space, feet downward. He had become
exhausted by the heat, and after three
attempts to perform one of his most diffi
cult feats, his strength left him and he
fell. Forttuaately, his only injuries were
the dislocation of his right ankle, and
the breaking of some of tho small bones
of the left foot.
George Walters, a wealthy farmer
of Crawford county, 70 years of age,
committed suicide recently under the
following circumstances: He was ob
served sitting on an embankment near
the railroad by the engineer of an ap
proaching freight train. When the
train was within thirty feet of him he
deliberately knelt on the rail, in advance
of the train, was run over and horribly
mutilated, being instantly killed. Do
mestic trouble drove him to this rash act.
The following gentlemen have been
appointed Postmasters at the places
named : Bacon, Coschocton county, Miss
Annie Sicker ; Bailey's Mills, Belmont
county, Wm. Miller ; Carrollton, Carroll
comity, John H. Tripp ; Dawn, Darke
county, John B. Wertz ; Eastern, Wayne
oounty, Christian B. Yoder ; Greenland,
Boss county, Joseph Tcmplin ; Johns
town, Licking county, Mrs. It. M.
French: Yankee Bidge, Coschocton
oounty, Lafayette Thatcher.
Citizens of Marietta are just now
greatly excited by the discovery of what
appears to have been a mysterious and
diabolical murder. A few days since,
as some laborers were employed in driv
ing a drift of logs from along the shore
of the Ohio, they found the corpse of a
woman which had been hidden among
the drifting logs, boards and sticks.
The. body was entirely naked, and was
minus both head and arms. The ampu
tation seems to have been performed
with a keen, heavy instrument, and
from the clear cut it is evident the work
was done with a single blow.
Quite a sensation has been created in
Lima by the finding of a bag of sand on
the pavement in front of Ashton block,
with a note atttached. The sack was
burst open and bad tho appearance of
being ballast from a balloon. The note
was signed by Prof. McCoy, and said ho
left Watertown, N. Y., in a balloon, last
Saturday, and lost his bearings by the
storms. He did not know where ho was
and was nearly frozen by cold. As near
as he could tell he was two miles above
the earth. The note was written in a fair
hand, but the spelling was rather poor.
Enoch Morris, 81 years old, has
cleared this year with his own hands 21
acres of new ground in Paulding county
NEWS OF THE WEEK.
Henry Ward Beecher's paper, the Christian
Union, Las passed from the bands of J. B.
Ford & Co., publishers. Henry M. Cleveland
has become the manager. Mr. Beeeher will
retain the editorship.
The Albion Mills, at Conshohockon, Fa., have
been destroyed by fire. Loss, (250,000.
The American rifle team arrived in New York
last week, and were received with distinguished
A New York dispatch states that the entire
family of Tburlow Weed have been prostrated
by the use of a copper tea-kettle which had
been cleaned with oxalic acid. The family had
a narrow escape, including Mr. Weed himself.
Abraham Bymonds, of Pine Bill, N. Y re
cently killed his daughter, and then committed
suicido. - -
The Massachusetts, cotton mills are resuming
A second swimming match between Coyle, of
Philadelphia, and Johnson, of England, came
off in the Delaware river last week, and was
won easily by the Englishman. Coyle, after
swimming six miles, had to bo taken oat of the
water, being badly chilled.
Loader, the upholsterer indicted for libeling
Beeeher, has just been admitted to bail in Now
Certain Eastern newspapers have attacked
the proposed fast mail train between the East
and the West, and have asserted that this train
has been projected and will be conducted
mainly for the benefit of the New York daily
It is Btated that Bon Butlor will act as coun
sel for Til ton in the second trial of bis suit
Stirling, Akrons & Co., of Baltimore, heavy
dealers in sugar and molasses, have succumbed
to the general pressure of business. Thoir
total liabilities are 2, 500, 000.
It is ascertained that at least seven of the
Ku-Klux band who were attacked by the Sheriff
of Franklin oounty, EL, and his posse, were
either killed or wounded, and the wounded
ones are in custody. The Governor has ap
plied to the United States Attorney for South
ern Illinois to prosecute the lawless rascals
who are committing depredations in "Egypt,"
under ttie law of the United States, and ho has
vigorously entered upon the duty of helping to
bring ihom to justice.
The Chicago Tribune states that Mrs. Abra
ham Lincoln is in a fair way of recovering
from tho unfortunate mental malady which
compelled her friends, for her own good, to
confide her to the restorative care of a private
A severe and in many places killing frost
visited Wisconsin and Northern Illinois on the
22dof August, killing the vines pretty generally
and in some sections the corn. It appears to
have been heaviest in the Tropeleau Valley, in
Northwestern Wisconsin, and probably extend
ed soml distance into Minnesota.
There is a movement on foot among the
Democrats of Chicago to buy out the Timet
and make it a Democratic organ.
The Kansas Central and Black Hills Narrow-
Gange Bailroad Company has been organized
at Omaha. The road is to be built at once
through tho agricultural country south of the
Platte river, and will bo pushed forward to the
Black Hills as soon as tho development of that
Another frost visited the Northwest on the
morning of the 23d of August, but fortunately
it was not sufficiently severo to blight the corn,
except in exposed localities on low ground.
Tines wore killed in Borne localities.
An extensive quarry of a very fine quality of
red granite has been discovered near St Cloud,
Minn. It is said to bo equal to the Aberdeen
Bev. Cyrus Nntt, President of tho Indiana
State University at Bloomington, died at that
place August 23.
Dr. A. J. Thomas, editor ot the Yinoennes
(Ind.) Sun, has sued the Cincinnati Enquirer
for libel, laying the damages at $100,000.
The total earnings of all the lines operated
by the Northwestern Bailroad Company, em
bracing about 2,000 miles, for the past year
were 913,828,576, and its net earnings, after de
ducting expenditures of all kinds, were $518,
206. Extensive frauds on the part of distillers and
revenue officers have been discovered at San
An express train on the St. Paul and Sioux
City railroad went through a bridge near the
latter place on the night of Aug. 24, instantly
killing the conductor, engineer and fire
man. None of the passengers were seriously
The city of San Francisce has been thrown
into a fever of excitement by the failure of the
Bank of California, tho leading financial insti
tution of the Pacific coast. The Bank had a
paid up capital of $5,000,000, and has always
been regarded as one of the staunchest and
beet managed in the country. The suspension
was caused, as in the cases of Jay Cooke Jfc Co.,
Duncan, Sherman & Co., and B. F. Allen, by a
disregard of the laws of banking. It bad
made unlucky ventures in (he mining districts
of California and Nevada, and the President of
the Bank, W. C. Balaton, is known to have
been a heavy and reckless operator in mining
stocks. Under the circumstances tho collapse
of the concern need not excite surprise.
Capt. John Gordon, of Black Hills fame, has
been released from confinement on a writ of
habeas corpus. He has commenced an action
against the military authorities for false inv
A dispatch from Augusta, Ga., dated Aug. 20,
says : " All is quiet, but arrests still continue.
It is believed there will be no further trouble.
The negroes have dispersed and returned to
their homes. A dispatch from Sanderville,
Washington county, reports the arrest of Candia
Harris, one of the leaders in the plot. He has
made a confession, implicating Prince Rivers, a
Major-General of the South Carolina militia.
Rivera emphatically denies the charge. Tho
State press seems dumbfounded at the dis
turbance, and differs widely in opinion as to
whether an insurrection was intended, bnt
agree that the whole affair is a mystery."
The new census of Louisiana, just taken,
shows the population of tho State to be 851,300,
of whom 401,301 are whites, 450,029 colored.
This is an increase of 128,115 over the censu
of 1870. The city of New Orleans has a popu
lation of 303,368, of whom 145,721 are white,
The investigation into the cause of death of
tho three patients by poisoning in the St Louis
Insane Asylum, has resulted in exonerating the
attendant physician from all blame in the
An Associated Press telegram from Augusta,
Ga., says: "Several prominent negroes con
nected with the troubles in the counties below
here have made confessions. Jake Moorman,
first lieutenant of the negro company, testifies
on oath that nineteen counties were to be em
braced in tho insurrection. Last Friday was
the day appointed for the uprising. All white
men and ugly white women were to be killed.
Pretty white women were to be spared, and the
land and spoils to be divided among the ne
groes." A telegram from Texarkana, Ark., sends a
flattering report of the crop prospects down
there : " There is an abundant corn crop. ,
Five million bushels of wheat from Texas and
Arkansas will be shipped North this season.
Cotton never was bettor. The prospects for
the fall trade are inviting. There is no fever,
and all are hopeful.
A dispatch from Macon, Miss., reports a not
at New Hope church, in which eight ne
groes were killed and several wounded. The
cause of tho riot was a quarrel and fight be
tween a white man and a negro, about drum-beating.
A court-martial is to be called to investigate
the alleged steal in the marine corps. ,
The President and Secretary of tho Treasury
have decided to appoint a new commission to
examine the Chicago Custom House build
ing. It will consist of seven architects, se
lected upon their merit from various parts of
The Treasury Department (says a Washing-.
ton dispatch to a Chicago papor) has conclusive
evidence to prove That assassination is to be re
sorted to to protect the whisky ring from pros
ecution. An attempt was made recently to
murder an important witness in Chicago. His
name is J. E. Miller, an ex-gauger, and his tes
timony in the coming revenue suits is consid
ered to be very damaging to certain parties.
In the effort to put him out of the way, a bul
let intended for bis heart lodgoi in bis left
arm. He has been removed to a place of
About . 100,000 money-order blanks, worth
$20 per 1,000, have been stolen from the Post-
The notorious Chorponuing claim, hav's;
been squelched by Attorney-General Piorrepont,
is to be brought before the Court of Claims in
the nature of an application for relief on ac
count ot mail contracts.
n fullunUiu are ihe eipouulluicn fui uuij
ing the mails for the fiscal year: Railroads,
$9,193,951; steamboats, $59,686; star service,
$5,158,851; mail messengers, $633,493; total,
$15,583,118. Star service is service in which
the mode of carrying the mails is left to the
discretion of the contractor.
Bear Admiral Napoleon Collins, commanding
the South Pacific fleet died recently at Callao,
Immigration into the United States shows
a decrease of 86,000 for tho year ending June
30, 1875, as compared with the year ending
June 30, 1874.
A ridiculously abBurd roport was telegraphed
over the country a day or two ago, to tho effect
that Donaldson, the balloonist had been found
in the forests of Canada in a dying condition,
and that just before he breathed his last he
made a confession that in order to save his
own life, he had thrown his companion, Grim-
wood, overboard into the lake. Of oourio it
was a wicked and outrageous hoax.
The steamship Ohio, which sailed from Liv
erpool last week, took ont 2,400 crates of Del
aware peaches. The steerage of the ship was
turned into a refrigerator and provided with
fans for keeping up a constant current of cold
air. This is tho first experiment ever made of
shipping American fruit to Europe.
The new secret party iu Maryland is said to
be growing quite rapidly. Its meetings are
held in close-locked rooms, with guards at
the doors to see that nobedy goes in without
giving the countersign and passing a satisfac
The new "National Union party," with a
slate containing Gen. N. P. Banks for Presi
dent and L. Q. C. Lamar, of Mississippi, for
Tico-Prosident was organized at Boston last
week, by appointing a State Central Commit
tee, and adopting a platform and resolutions.
No prominent men of either party are identi
fied with the movement Gen. Banks declined
his nomination by letter.
Ex-Senator Matt H. Carpenter of Wiscon
sin, in a letter to ex-Senator Chandler, of Mich
igan, denying any authority to use bis name in
connection with the recent greenback conven
tion at Detroit pays his respects to tho morn
ing press in the following sarcastic and amusing
I have long ceased to pretend to any knowledge
in regard to my basinets or engagements except
what I read In the morning paper, which I consult
daily to ascertain where I have been, where I am
going, what lawsuits I am retained in, what I am
in favor of, how I stand on the third term, and
my future course not only in regard to pending
questions, but In regard to those subjects which
may or may not rise in the future.
" I have learned one thing, and I tell it to you for
your future guidance never contradict anything a
" Some months ago the Milwaukee Aeus published
an infernal f alshood about mc being out of the Sen
ate. I thought I had a right to contradict it, so I
wrote a civil note to the paper for that purpose. It
published only one word of my letter, and that be
cause, as it amid, I had spelled erroneously, and ed
itorially said if I would live in peace, I bad better
mind my own business. I took the hint for if there
is anything dear to my soul it is to livo in peace.
So I never contradict a newspaper."
The greenback convention at Detroit was at
tended by abont 1,000 delegates. Thomas J.
Durant of Washington, presided.
Later Intelligence from the sceno of the in
surrection in Herzegovina is satisfactory. The
government of that province announces that
there is less excitement among the people, and
and anticipates a prompt pacification.
Under the military law of Turkey, which is
to be carried out by the year 1878, the army will
number a force of 780, 000 men in all.
A banquet was recently given in Southamp
ton, England, to the officers of the American
naval squadron. It was largely attended by
distinguished officers of her Majesty's service,
and was a brilliant affair.
The late Emperor Ferdinand of Austria be
queathed $6,000,000 to Pope Pius.
The French Ministers deny that the circula
tion of Gladstone's pamphlets on Popery has
ever been interdicted in France.
Turkey is making vigorous efforts for the
suppression of the insurrection in Herzego
vina. Tho editors of Germany have boon holding a
convention at Bremen. They passed resolutions
asking imperial legislation in behalf of tho lib
erty of tho press to publish truthful reports of
publio proceedings, tue law courts, and of
granting immunity from disclosure of tho
names of contributors.
Tho Mark Lane Express (London), of Aug.
24, in its weekly review of tho grain markets,
says tho wheat crop in Great Britain has been
gathered in much better order than was ex
pected. Prices have fallen one to three shill
ings. In Paris the price has declined two shill
ings per sack. Prices are but little changed
on the continent generally. In Germany the
markets are firm.
The Herzegovinian insurgents massacred 95
Turkish prisoners captured at Mamie.
Official reports show that the wheat crop in
Austria and Hungary has fallen off in quantity
and quality, and will not yield more than 5,-
Turkey is concentrating her forces in the
direction of Nisea, in consequence of the part
taken by the Servians in the insurrection in
Herzegovina. The military occupation of
Servia is regarded as not improbable.
Tho two American vessels Bent to Tripoli to
avenge tho insult offered to our Consul, ar
rived there on the 22d of August. A number
of officers who landed from the Congress were
hooted by the rabble. Satisfaction was given
for the insults to the officers who landed, bnt
not for the previous insult to the American
The Porte has written to Austria and Ger
many thanking them for their offices in Horse
The foot and mouth distemper is raging fear
fully in some parts of England. Iu Dorset
shire alone 12,000 cattle are down with it
The betrothal of King Alfonso, of Spain, to
tho oldest daughter of tho Duke of Montpen-
sier, is announced.
Business is much depressed both in England
and on the Continent on account of apprehen
sion of political complications.
A meeting was held in London, the other day,
to discuss the causes of the high price of meat
in England. An association was formed to se
cure a supply of live cattle from the United
Capt Webb, the great Bwimmor, has accom
plished the extraordinary feat of swimming
oss the English channel from Dover to Calais
twenty-six miles without a life-preserver or
other aiding appliances. He did it in twenty
one hours and forty minutes. This exceeds any
swimming performance on record.
Another war this time in South America.
The State of Panama has commenced hostili
ties against the Republic of Colombia.
The wife of Garibaldi is dead.
The Grand Vizier ot Turkey has resigned.
Turkey will be represented in a limited way
at our Centennial.
War clouds are everywhere looming up. It
is stated that the friondly relations of Great
Britain and China are in danger; the insurrec
tions in Herzegovina and Khokan are progress
ing, and revolution IB salu uj bo iininiiuipt-io
Uruguay. Tripoli has thus far refused satis
faction to the United States for the insults to
the American Consul and bis family, and thore
is talk of ordering Rear Admiral Worden with
the European squadron to the scene.
Reports Condition of the Growing
Grain in the Northwest—An Encouraging
A St. Paul dispatch to tho Chicago
Tribune says: "Tho weather continues
favorablo for tho harvest. The major
port of the spring wheat is in shock
or stock. The threshing machines are
busy, and tho yield, so far as reported,
nearly equal to tho sanguine expectations
at tho opening of the harvest. Grain
dealers' estimates suite the crop at 29,
000, 000 bushels, and the quality generally
above the average of previous years.
Buyors here are offering 81.17 to $1.20
for old for miller's immediate use. Re
ported contracts for new, September and
October, delivered at various points on
and near the river, range from 98c to
The Lawrence Journal publishes crop
items from forty counties of the State
fully corroborating tho reports and esti
mates heretofore published of a largo
yield of nearly every description of field
and garden products. 1
Rcfrcakiiip: rains arc reported through
out Colorado and Now Mexico, and the
prospect of an abundant grain crop is
IOWA AND NEBRASKA.
A correspondent of tho Chicago Tri
bune writes from Omaha: "Having
traveled through Southern and Western
Iowa and Northern and Central Ne
braska, I can give you the condition of
tho crops along those lines. Wheat in
Iowa will be twenty-five per cent short
of 1874, while in Nebraska there will be
100 per cent, more for shipment than in
1874; quality of grain not so good. You
may look ' for large receipts from here
- . i 11" I . 1TT1 -
auring me next unny nays, w iieut iu
Nebraska is bringing eighty-five cents to
one dollar per bushel, which induces the
farmers to sell. Corn is excellent, both
in Iowa and Nebraska. Corn con now
be bought for from twenty to twenty-five
cents for the future, of tne coming crop.
This is a wonderful relief to the people
hero, and already the effects are percep
tible. No injury is now expected to the
corn, save from frost" Eye, oats and
barley are considered on average crop."
Tho Springfield Register says of tie
corn crop : " Upon conversing witn
many farmers, we learn that grave appre
hensions are entertained us to the ap
proaching corn crop. Owing to the cold,
cloudy, wet weather, corn is growing
, " . . . i 'L 1 1 3
mux, Due is not ninng as n snouiu.
Warm sunshine is what is now needed
badly. The crop is not ripening, and
unless this process commences soon the
frost will catch it There is much anx
iety in regard to this matter among our
An Oshkosh correspondent writes to a
Chicago paper : " Only abont one-fifth
of the wheat-crop in this section of the
State has been cut ; and the remainder
is not injured, except by being lodged
and trampled down. The harvested
wheat will probably not suffer greatly
where it was properly shocked up. Far
mers are still, hopeful, and, with a week
or ten days of clear weather, they will
harvest the best crop for many years.
Corn, however, is almost a total failure.
Apples are also a total failure, but other
kinds of fruit are doing well."
The Chicago Times of the 21st prints
comprehensive reports as to the condition
of the spring wheat crop in the
Northwest In Wisconsin, Minnesota,
and Nebraska nearly all reports agree
that this will be a year of plenty. The
wheat has mostly been cut and stacked
the quantity is far above the average,
and the quality never excelled. There
will be at least one-fourth more wheat
exported from those States than in
any previous year. Iowa will proba
bly average as largo a crop as heretofore,
somo counties falling below and others
exceeding the yield of former years.
All reports from Kansas agree that
more bountiful harvest has never been
garnered in that State than that of the
present season. In Illinois but little
spring wheat is grown. As for as reports
go, it would appear tnat there is no rea
son for complaint ; that tho crop will be
fully np to the average of former years,
if it docs not exceed it. Token all in all,
the prospect is decidedly encouraging.
There is every reason to expect a full
return for the labor of the year in all directions.
THE GENERAL OUTLOOK.
The Cincinnati Price-Current of Aug.
20 contains what it claims is the fullest
and most comprehensive presentation of
tlio Western crop reports yet published,
comprising about 350 special returns
from nearly, as many counties in Ohio,
Indiana, Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Michi
gan, and Kentucky, together with some
other States. They relate chiefly to
wheat, oats, com, and hips, of which
the reports indicate in Ohio and Indiana
a full average acreage ; yield somewhat
short ; large losses by rain, and very in
ferior quality. In Illinois the crop is
below an average condition, and quality
inferior. The Iowa acreage about as
usual ; generally harvested in good con
dition ; some damaged by blight and
other causes ; yield largo in many
places. Crop not a full average ; quali
ty inferior. Missouri is considerably
short and materially damaged. Ken
tucky yield average in amount, but
largely and badly damaged. Michigan
fair crop. 'Wisconsin very good crop
Outs Largo destruction and damage
in Ohio, Kontucky, Indiana, and Illinois,
and portions of Missouri, while the acre
age was increased, and Michigan, Wis
consin, and Iowa show a large produc
tion. Corn largely increased. Average
very promising outside of portions of
the Ohio Volley, and if the crop matures
in the North and Northwest, will be
much greater than usual.
Cattle and hogs generally in better
condition than a year ago, and in many
portions the stock are feeding upon the
There is much information relative to
other crops. Potatoes promise an unus
ually large crop throughout nearly all
He Rises to a Personal Explanation—Why
He Wanted to Speak at Rockford, and
Why He Canceled the Engagement.
The following is the letter in full of
Jeff. Davis canceling his engagement to
address the Winnebago County (UL)
Agricultural Booioty :
Memphis. Term. Aus. 15. H. P. Kimball,
Secretary Yfinnebajro County Agricultural So
uiubj, ItooKford, 111. Bear-til -I yesterday
sent to you a telegram announcing my revoca
tion of a conditional acceptance of an invitation
to address your aHsociation at their annual
meeting in September next. The long period
which has elapsed since the receipt of your
first letter, and the oonsiderate courtesy which
has marked your correspondence, make it a
duty to the Board and to myself that snnicient
explanation should be given of this change of
purpose. Three objects mainly induced me to
accept the invitation.
First The hope that personal intercourse
might remove some of the prejudices which
had been generated by partisan factious, and
nurtured by individual and rectional hate.
Anxious now, as in former years, to promote the
interests of our great valley of the Mississippi,
and believing tlut with mutual confidence and
co-intelligence much could bo done for their
advancement I only delayed my acceptance of
your invitation until it became reasonably proba
ble that it could be met. The productive capac
ity of the Northwest needs for its development
cheaper and safer transportation to the markets
of the Southwest, and also to those of foreign
conn trice. In England, especially, earnest at
tention has been directed for several years past
to a more direct and economical trade with the
Hiauisfliprii vallev. In this connection there
was a desire to confer with the Patrons of Hus
bandry in your rich and prosperous section, to
disenss with them tho questions involved in
securing a better means of transporting your
farm product to the most favorable markets,
and of providing agoncies which should insure
larger returns to the farmer, and by such con
ference to learn the views of one member of
the family of the Mississippi valley a family
the chief interest of all the members of which
is agriculture, but the cultivators of such va
rious crops as to make bade among themselves
extensive and lncnvtivo while it etam upon
each and all the same interests and the samo
policy as to their foreign trade, to render such
conference effectual there must needs be a
disposition to attend to the subjoct undor con
sideration. Surely it ia not the purpose to
smother it by tho interposition of matters hav
ing no Jnst relation to it. -
Second. My effort wag to recognizo tho
courtesy of your Hoard, and I was encouraged
to believo that your reception of me would bo
beneficial rather than injurious to your associa
tion. This was more eapposable because other
agricultural societies had invited me to address
their annual meetings. Yesterday I received a
printed paper, being the protest of a number of
yonr fellow countrymen against the action of
your Hoard in thoir invitation to me to make
the annual address at the county meeting.
Thereupon I sent you a telegram withdrawing
my acceptance of the invitation under the con
viction that it would not be useful or agreea
ble to participate in the meeting, and I know
that neither your association, nor the Directors,
will suffer barm by delay in procuring an ora
tor, or by the correspondence which has
Third. The object was to gratify a wish, long
entertained, to see in its cultivated drees the
country known to me as a trackless wilderness;
but that being merely a personal gratification,
it may be indulged at my convenience or post
poned indefinitely. I can well believe that the
cause which has changed my purpose was as
unforeseen by yon as by me, and you may be
assured that I feel no dissatisfaction toward
the Directors or yourself, and have suffered no
personal embarrassment at the event, aa the
invitation was unexpected, and only acceptable
as an expression of general good will ; so my
only regret is the loss of opportunity to pro
mote tiie public interest, with which the wel
fare of yonr committee is identified. Again
expressing the hope that neither the Directors,
nor yourself, may suffer injury or annoyance,
and thanking you for the kindness and con
sideration you have manifested. I am, respect
The Kind of Neighbors to Have.
Give the Hoosiers credit for warm
hearts. An incident -reported from
Chili, Miami county, shows that some of
them deserve it Mr. Conner, of that
neighborhood, was down with erysipelas
in the feet ; his crops were spoiling ; and
he was feeling terribly blue over the
prospect of a heavy pecuniary loss, which
he was in no condition to bear. One
day, when he was particularly depressed
in spirits, no was surprised, by tne noise
of reapers in his fields, and on lookinp:
out of the window he saw a dozen of his
neighbors binding wheat as fast as it was
cut. Meantime, their wives were pre
paring a big dinner, provided by them
selves, in the kitchen of the farm-house,
It does humanity pood to hear such
stories as this. Before midnight of that
day a heavy rain fell ; but the generous
neighbors had provided for that, too, by
putting the wheat in shock after the sun
What a Boy Bought.
Letters are sometimes " lost " in the
mail which are really only in some small
boy's pocket. A young gentleman in
Hew xorn was recently detected in open
ing letters and pocketing the contents.
He owned np and gave the following ac
count of how he spent the money: '
bought a watch for $4; I bought a pistol
in Wall street for 87, from a man that
keeps a littlo pie stand near William
street; Bunker Hill badges, $1.50; mem
orandum books, $1.25; song book, 25
cents; knife, 75 cents; thermometer,
35 cents; torpedoes, 35 cents; toy pis
tol, 30 cents; spectacles, 60 cents; base
ball, 80 cents; meerschaum pipe, $2.50;
dog, 70 cents. " Just pause and imag
ine that boy with a thermometer,
meerschaum pipe, a pair of spectacles
OHda70 cent dog I
The enormity of the crime of whist
ling in tne presence of a gentleman, and
a stranger and clergyman to boot, was
lately brought home to a farmer s boy of
Penzance, England, and the young mis
creant was fined $2.87 and costs, his
apology and contrition for so heinous an
ollense being utterly refused by the rev
A Bowie-Knife Duel to the Death.
A frightful and fatal affray occurred at
Eberhardt Citv recentlv between two
men by tne names ol Jackson and aecK.
The former was recently from Arizona,
and the latter has been a resident of Eb
erhardt Citv for the past few months,
engaged in keeping a saloon. The two
had a quarrel a short time before the
fatal meeting, in which Jackson maae aa
assault upon Beck with a knife, but
was driven off by Beck with a fire-shovel.
Some three or four hours after this Jack
son returned to Beck's saloon, and while
the latter was standing in the doorway
plunged an eight-inch bowio-knifoto the
nut in Uock s side, and tne two ciincneo,
and a verv fierce encounter ensued, Jack
son using his knife and fatally stabbing
Beck, who, however, succeeded in free
ing himself from Jackson, and ran as far
as Dana's saloon, a distance of sixty
yards, when he . was overtaken by
Jackson, who was prirsuing his victim
with a bloody and fiendish intent. Beck
at this place called for protection, but
before the astonished bvstanders could
render him assistance the human fiend
had done his work he had given poor
Beck five fatal stabs. At this juncture a
party by the name of Brown, seeing what
was going on, knocked Jackson off from
the porch into the street with a chair,
and while ho was down, Beck, while ac
tually dying, crawled to Jackson, and
taking the knife which had been used on
hjm, lie plunged it into Jackson's breast,
giving him a fatal wound. Beck died
almost immediately after being separated
from Jackson, and the latter was brought
to the oounty jail, where he lingered un
til Wednesday last, when death ended
his career. No one thereabouts knew
anything of the former career of Jack
son ; all that is known is his statement
that he is from Arizona. Beck was con
sidered a peaceable man, and leaves an
invalid widow to mourn his untimely
White Pine (Nev.) News.
The Mystery of the Clouds.
The rain wonder has now reached
three continents, and done mnch damage
in each, destroying many lives in Europe
and India. On many accounts the sea
son is noteworthy: first, in the quan
tity of rain, which, since June 28, the
period when it commenced, has ex
ceeded all precedent. France has suf
fered most, England and Wales next,
and India and the United States next.
Second, in the flows on the Ohio and
along the valley are the most noteworthy
iu the United States, and especially the
duplicate overflow along the Mississippi.
Even the arid regions of Colorado and
Wyoming have been visited by unparal
leled rains, which, if continued, would
make artificial irrigation worse than use
less. Abroad, observers declare that the
destroying rains of Wales, England,
France, Switzerland, Italy, Hungary,
Bnssia, and elsew&ere, followed the line
of the Carpathian mountains, the Alps,
and Pyrenees, thence along the coast of
the Atlantic into England, where they
terminated in tho mountains of Wales.
Upon the termination of the rainstorms
in Europe, they seem to ' have swept
across the ocean to the - United
States. The longest rains have
fallen in this country, and we are dis
posed to regard them as but the continu
ation of the rain-fall which centered in
Franco. Tho world has had about five
months of rain. And now for the cause I
This is beyond our knowledge, but the
subject is worthy of study. Some at
tribute the abundance of water to the
disturbance of electric currents occa
sioned by the multiplied wires which
now expand the continents of America
and Buropo, and others think tho result
comes from natural causes. It is for
scientific men to speculate and answer as
New York Express.
The Insurrection in Turkey.
The disturbance which broke, out only
few weeks ago between the Herze-
govmians and their masters, the Turks,
nas risen to tne dimensions of a great
and spreading insurrection with marvel
ous rapidity. From this little province
of 250,000 people rising against oppress
ive taxation, the insurrection has spread
into the Province of Croatia on the north
and Bosnia on the east. Beyond these
provinces he Herna, Wallaenia, .Bulgaria,
and Moldavia, already partially free, and
to the south of Herzegovina is the
quasi-neutral Province ot Montenegro,
all these provinces being in active sym
pathy with Herzegovina, and hating the
Turks with the most violent hatred,
growing out not only of oppressive taxa
tion, bnt also of race, language, manners,
traditions and religion. There is every
prospect, therefore, that the insurrection
of Herzegovina will speedily become the
insurrection of the northern provinces of
Turkey in Europe, and if it does, this
means the loss of those provinces to
Turkey, and the establishment of a new
Slavonic nation, and u not tnat, their
absorption by Austria and Russia.
The causes of tne present revolt are
two in number the one direct, the
other indirect. The direct cause is op
pressive taxation ; the indirect cause is
the general one of difference in race and
religion ; and the insurrection which
nnmmnwntiA in tnt nmvinnA fivim a 1lAnl
cause bids fair to develop into a generarl
insurrection of all the Slavonic provinces
upon the other causes of race and re
Few things so well symbolize the eco
nomical habits of continental Europe,
and especially France, as the pot au feu.
This is an iron pot kept constantly sim
mering upon the fire, into which is put
from day to day all the wholesome rem
nants of food whicu in this country are
thrown away. Our people, in their mag
nificent wav of doing things, never stop
to consider how much nutriment adheres
even to well-picked bones of porter-house
steaks, mutton chops, ribs of beef, legs
of mutton, etc. All these, and many
things beside, are put into the pot au
feu water, seasoning and fragrant herbs
are added as required, and the constant
simmering a solvent tor even tub tough
est of Texan beef extracts every parti
cle of marrow even, and the bones come
out as clean and white as if thoy had
been bleached for years in the sun.
Among the common people more than
half the nutriment of tne day comes from
not ait feu. and if any member of the
family comes home at an unusual hour
hungry, it affords at all times a meal at
once warm and wholesome. This ex
plains how, as Hugh McCulluch tells us.
the forty millions of France could live
on what the forty millions of America
throw away, and when we consider the
wretched cookery that prevails in this
country, it is not too much to affirm that
they could live twice as well as do our
farmers and day laborers.
A Kentucky court lately sent a man
for two years to the penitentiary for
killing another man, and a second culprit
for four years to tho same place for steal
A TRAGIC STORY.
There lived a sage in days of yore.
And he a handsome pig-Uil wore
But wondered mnch and sorrowed more
Because it hung behind him.
He mused upon this curious ease.
And swore he'd change the pig-tail's place.
And have it hanging at his face.
Mot dangling there behind him.
Bays he, " The mystery I've found
I'll turn me round." He turned him round
But still it clung behind him.
Then round and round, and out and in,
All day the pusslcd sago did spin
In vain : it mattered not a pin ;
The pig-tail hung behind Lira. J
And right and left, and round about,
And np and down and in aud out,
He turned ; but still the pig-tail stout
Hung steadily behind h m.
And though his efforts never slack,
And though he twist, and twirl, aad tack,
Alas I still faithful to his back.
The pig-tsll hangs behind himi
Wit and Humor.
Wiokeb roffins for the wicked.
A IiOrd of the aisles an usher.
A comic song is an absurd-ditty.
A beodtiAB beat the heart beat.
Fob perpetual motion we lave an
ocean. . . - :
A hackneyed expression " Bide np,
What horn produces the most dis
cordant music f The drinking horn.
Is what colors should babies be
dressed? Why, infancy colors, of
Tuunw is a great falling off of little
boys who try to ride on the behind end
of street cars.
The most economical time to buy cider
h when it is not very clear, for then it
will settle for itself. .
When a man has a business that
doesn't pay, ho usually begins to looK
around for a partner to share his loss s
with him. .
The gardener who hung an old coat
out to frighten birds away, and after
ward found a young brood in one of the
poo'ieta writes asking for another rem
Little Alice was crying bitterly, and
on being questioned confessed to hav
ing received a slap from one of her play
fellows. "Yon should have returned
it," unwisely said the questioner. " Ob,
I returned it before," said tho little girl .
A father, foaring an earthquake in
the region of his home, sent his two sons
to a distant friend's until tho peril should
be over. A few weeks after, the father
received this letter from his friend,
" Please take your boys home and send
down the earthquake."
Masteb Wiwje (who had just been
described by visitor as " such an intel
ligent little fellow!"): Papa, has tho
gen'lum brought my new boots? Papa
(who doesn't see what is coming) : Boots,
Willie ? Why, what makes you ask ? Mas
ter Wlliie : 'Cause, when he came 'afore,
you said he was a snob, and I asked Jano
what a snob" was, and she said a shoe
maker. Sensation. Judy.
A day or two since a rcd-hcadod rat
of a bootblack called at the Postollice to
get a two two-cent piece changed, and he
was so impatient of delay that the clerk
" is any one ugnng lor tne warn, oi unit
" No, sir," promptly replied the lad,
but Tom English wants to go on the ex
cursion to Put-in-Bay, and I'm going to
lend him money to go in good style !"
Detroit Free Press. .
He was strolling around town while
the boat was taking on freight, and com
ing along to where four or five men sat
under an awning, he hold out his hand
to each in turn, and remarked: "Shake,
stranger. Although I've stood where
shot fell around me like raindrops in a
shower, I wont reconciliation now
genuine peace." "What battles were
you in ?" inquired one of the men, after
awhile. "I wasn't in any, mister,"
soberly replied the stranger, " it was in
the shot-tower at St. Louis where the
shot came so fast. " And the crowd went
over after soda-water. Vieksburg Her
An honest-faced stranger called on
Justice Potter the other day and inquired
what his honor's usual fee was for join
ing a couple in holy bonds of wedlock.
" The fee is two dollars in case you
come here," was the reply.
"Less see," mused the man as he
handed out a roll of bills ; " there's three
dollars for a bedstead, eight dollers for
a second-hand stove, two dollars for
dishes, two dollars to run the house on,
and and that" s every blamed cent ?"
" So youaro short? inquired Uie jus
" There's, the pile," replied the young
man, " but I'll knock the two dollars off
for dishes andgivo it to you, for Tm
bound to be harnessed to my girl this week
if we have to bile tatera in tneoa pot I
And in less than an horrr tho two were
Detroit Free Press.
It is not unfortunately, a wholly un
heard-of thing in this country for a man
to kiss the wife of his intimate friend,
but the practioe does not with us bring
any balm to the husband's bosom. If
..1 T- "I 1 OJ 1. "I -J
wives oi tne umteu otuu re iciuuou
from Mr. Shearman's point of view, it
can, of course, matter little to a husband
if not only the clergyman, but the clerk
and churchwardens to boot, are in the
habit of kissing his wife. For Mr.
Shearman tells us tnat -ne loves jux.
TfeaoliAr mora than anv human being :
his wife he loves, his friends are very
dear to him, but none on earth take so
high a place in his heart as Mr. Beeeh
er. " When a man holds such sentiments
his jealousy will bo aroused when he
catches a stranger Kissing not ms too
Brought Him to Terms.
Ttoeenrred in Oshkosh. "Will you
do it ?" she said, twisting one end of tho
strap around her hand and fotching him
a " stinger across me snouitieru nu
tho other. He squirmed and looked
frantically at the keyhole of the door, as
if he could crawl through it. "Will
you do it?" she said, aiming two or three
at the calves of his legs, while ho skipped
around like a great Northwestern grass
hopper with the jim-jams. "Will you
do it Y' she repeated, concentrating her
energies for a terrific swoop, and dealing
him a blinder over the eyebrows that
made the cold perspiration start out of
every pore in his body. "I will!"
he roared in agony ; and they were married.
The request of the colored people ef
San Francisco to be permitted to send
their children to any publio school they
might select has been denied. Separate
schools are to be maintained for tho
benefit of the 163 colorod cliildren of
city, of whom only 60 attend school.