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PUBLISHED EVERT THURSDAY
" EATON, flillO,'
L... . Q O II L,L.
r r iemis ef subscription's "
lm Jkdrmar . . . - fiat,
Job rwrsTnca of ill descriptions furnished to
trdr,sd guaranteed to prove satisfactory as to
TnE cars of the lightning mail train
between New York and the West are
painted white as snow, and when in
rapid motion look like a flying snow
two k. ,
It ia intimated that in the coming trial
if the Beecher-Moulton libel suit, Moni
tion will call Mrs. Tilton as a witness in
3iis deft use, as the obstacles that hin
dered her in the last trial from testifying
ado not apply in this case.
Hon.. E. G. Boss, formerly United
States Senator from Kansas, has been
promoted. For a year or more he has
been foreman of the Lawrence Journal.
The other day he was elevated to the
position of assistant editor of that sheet.
Henbt Ward Beecheb has just done
a very sensible thing.: Fifty of bis fellow-citizens
of Brooklyn, outside of his
.church, tendered him a public reception
on his retain from the Twin Mountains.
He declined the honor, on the ground
ithat it would only tend to keep promi
nent a subject which ought to be allowed
to sleep. .
A great sensation has been created in
the Prussian town of Bochum by Herr
Jacob Meyer, a wealthy manufacturer,
having bequeathed his fortune of 81,
000,000 to the Catholic Church. Of
course the relatives of the testator, many
of whom are poor and needy, feel no
little disappointment at this disposition
of the property, and will doubtless con
test the will.
The Grand Council with the Sioux In
dians opened on the 21st of September,
near Bed Cloud Agency. Not more than
a thousand Indians were present in per
son. Senator Allison made the opening
address, proposing a lease of the Black
Hills, which was not well received by
- the Indians. Bed Dog replied that the
plan proposed was very important, and
that it would take about seven days to
-consider. The Indians then left the
Council. Bed Cloud was not present,
being afraid of being deprived of his
Chieftaincy. The Commission is divided
on the question of the lease or purchase
of the hills. Some think that the In
dians will not accept anything short of
an exorbitant sum, much more than the
Commission will pay them. They favor
the adoption of the lease plan first. If
that fails, they will try to buy at a rate
that will be fair.
Thb hurricane that recently swept
along the cost of Texas, leaving such
wide-spread death and destruction in its
wake, has no parallel in the history of
this country. The first reports were
thought to be slightly colored, but later
accounts show that, so far from being an
exaggeration, they utterly failed to con
vey any idea of the magnitude of the
calamity. The loss of life and destruc
tion of property are simply 'appalling.
No less than nine towns are blotted out
of existence, and many others, though
escaping absolute ruin, have been sadly
wrecked. Indianola, a town of two or
three thousand inhabitants, and a ship
ping port of some importance, situated
on Matagorda bay, seems to have suf
fered the worst - Fassengers arriving at
New Orleans, by Bteamer, who were in
the stricken town when the cyclone raged
the fiercest, give the most thrilling ac
counts . of the scenes witnessed there.
The storm began on Wednesday evening,
and increased in violence until Thursday
morning, when the gale burst upon the
town with all its fury, the water in the
bay rising rapidly. By 4 o'clock, Thurs
day evening, the wind was driving the
water through the streets at the rate of 12
or 15 miles an hour, the velocity of the
wind at the same time being 88 miles an
hour. It was them that the citizens of the
plfvse saw that there were no means ot
escape, for back of the city was a large
open plain, covered with water for three
or four miles, and to the depth of from
four to eight feet, and huge breakers
washing from the bay inland as far as
the eye could Bee. At night the water
in the city had risen to a depth of seven
feet, the citizens in the meantime having
taken refuge in vhe second stories of
their dwellings, there to remain, anx
iously waiting the dawn of day. On the
following morning a scene presented
itself that beggars description. In every
direction could be seen houses, some
crush"'' antirely, while-others had been
carried iy the wind and waves blocks
away. Others,' too, were moved across
the streets, and lay careened and half
full of cand, their occupants having
cither been drowned in their dwellings
or sought safety in the waves, and, seiz
ing shutters, doors, or pieces of furni
niture, were carried by the heavy
sea against the houses, in which
very many were killed, while others,
torn and bruised, were carried out of the
city by the water, only to meet death
by drowning. But five or six buildings
of any description were left uninjured,
and not until Friday morning did the
wind change and the water begin to re
cede. On Saturday it had returned to
its level. All day Friday, or from the
time it was safe to venture out, men
could be seen with rafts, visiting, when
they could be found, the remains of their
houses, in search of their wives and
children, who had been either drowned
or crushed by the houses falling upon
them. Later in ,the day, when the water
had sufficiently receded to permit it, a
general relief committee and patrol was
formed of those who had escaped. Their
work began by searching for bodies in
the debris of fallen buildings, and in thi?
work they met the most horrible sights,
In several insiancps entire fomilien were
found covflwd up in the mins father,
pother, ami little ohm lying M to
L. G. GOULD, Publisher.
Devoted to the Interests of the Democratic Party, and the Collection of local and General News.
Terms, $1.50 per Annum, in Advance.
VOL. VIII.--NO. 45.
EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 7, 1875.
WHOLE NUMBER 440,
gether in what was once the upper stories
of their: buildings, where they doubtless
sought safety. In one or two cases,
husband and wife were found clasped in
each other's arms, where death caught
them, and together they were hurled
into eternity, almost without a moment's
warning. The search continued, bodies
being found buried in the sand, some
entirely nude, and so brrjsed and
mangled, by being thrust against build
ings, that they could not be recognized.
Providing rudely constructed coffins
the only ones that could be obtained
these remains were hastily buried. Up
to Monday night ninety dead bodies had
been recovered, some of them at a dis
tance of four miles from the town, where
they had been carried by the flood.
During the scenes of terror and confu
sion numbers of villainous Mexicans
pursued the fearful work of robbing the
dead, and not satisfied with stripping the
bodies of loose valuables, actually chop
ped off their fingers to obtain the ring
upon them. ' This abominable work
was pursued for some time, until,
the citizens discovering it, they rose
en masse, and would have destroyed the
ghouls had the latter not fled the town.
McGillen, who was arrested at Cleve
land, on suspicion of murderinghiswife,
proved an alibi, and was discharged.
Fraxcis Marion, a short-term con
vict at the Columbus Penitentiary from
Cleveland, while attempting to unload a !
wagon loaded with stone, was instantly
killed by a stone which fell upon him,
crushing his head.
Tee story comes to us from Cleveland
that a woman went there lately know
ing just what she wanted, went info a
store and called for the article, not ask
ing to be shown anything else, and then
paid for it and went home without waste
of time !
As the Marietta train was coming in
from the Cincinnati base-ball grounds
Saturday evening, a boy 14 years old,
named Uhhnan, who was said to have
been stealing a ride, was pushed off the
steps while the train was in motion, and
five cars rolled over his body.
About two weeks ago Mrs. J. W. Carr,
aged about 30 years, the wife of a mer
chant of Toledo, and the mother of four
children, wandered away from her home
while in a state of mental aberration, and j
no clue was to be found of her where
abouts until last Sunday, when her body
was found floating in the river north of
A terrible accident happened at the
farm of Mr. B, Potter, near Emerald,
last Thursday, resulting in the death of
four men, and the injury of two others,
caused by the explosion of the boiler of
the engine used to run a threshing ma
chine. The main portion of tho boiler
went clear through the barn. The ac
cident was caused by a defective flue.
Twelve thousand persons visited the
Zoological Gardens at Cincinnati one
day last week.' It was an immense
gathering of the better class of citizens.
Early ia the day an African leopard was
allowed to escape from his den through
the"-i carelessness of two "keepers He"
made his way through a group of spec
tators without offering to hurt anybody,
Last week an atrocious murder was
committed near Bellefontoine. A young
lady, aged 16, daughter of Josiah Laugh
lin, was enticed away from a party of
friends into the woods by a man named
Schell, and the next day her dead body
was found in a dense thicket of woods,
horribly mangled, the throat cut, skull
crushed, and the body terribly gashed.
It is supposed that her person was out
raged before she was murdered. Schell
is suspected of the crime, and has been
arrested and lodged in jail.
At Cleveland, a few days since, the
body of Mrs. Johanna McGillers was
discovered buried in the rear of her late
residence. The body was only a few
inches under the ground, without a cof
fin, and almost nude, badly decomposed,
emitting a terrible odor. Her four sons,
the oldest aged 15 and youngest 4 years,
were arrested, and two of them exam
ined. Their stories were entirely differ
ent, one of them saying his mother died
in a fit while his father was away, and
that he (witness) and brother buried her.
The ether says the father came home
on Sunday, Sept. 12, and ln mother
died shortly after, and that his father
and one of his brothers buried her. The
Coroner held an inquest, and the jury
returned a verdict of death at the hands
of Alexander McGillers, the husband.
McGillers is now in jail. Evidence
shows that Mrs. McGillers was a dissi
pated woman, and that tho quarrels be
tween her and her husband were frequent.
A bloody accident happened at the
Zoological Garden in Cincinnati one day
last week. A man named Oscar Nixdorf,
from the Soldiers' Home at Dayton, was
making too free with the animals, and
was warned to desist by the keepers
while he was attempting to fondle the
camels. There are two full-grown
grizzly bears from the Bocky Mountains
at the Garden, and Nixdorf was ordered
away from them, as they are dangerous,
but while the keeper's back was turned
the visitor thrust his arm clear through
the bars into the cage, and it was seized
by the big male bear. Then he put in
his other arm to defend himself, and the
female bear caught it, both the animals
clawing and rending the flesh, while
ladies screamed and the man groaned.
The keflpers sprang to his aid, and beat
tho brnfre bwrv, nfrr whirti Nixdorf
Mil taken to the hospital, lie will lose
0) unn dt leant i possibly both.
NEWS OF THE WEEK.
A prize-fight was contested near New York,
last week, by two brutes named Jack Townley
and Patsy Gallagher, the latter winning in
thirty-one rounds. Both were badly 'punished.
Mr. Moody, the revivalist, has started np his
forces for the fall and winter religions cam
paign, at Northfleld, Mass.
A horrible accident is reported from Haver
etraw, N. Y. During the progress of a fire in
a paint factory, one of the walls fell, burying
beneath it a number of workmen who were
endeavoring to extinguish the flames. Four
men were killed outright, their bodies being
shockingly burned and mangled, and several
others were badly hurt, two mortally.
, The grand jury of Erie county, N. Y. , has
indicted the following State officials, and con
tractors and dealers with the State, for the
crimes of bribery, larceny and conspiracy:
Goo. 1). Lord, canal contractor, and late Mem
ber of Assembly ; Alexander Barkley, Canal
Commissioner in 1871-1 ; Thaddeua C. Davis,
Canal Appraiser; Wm. H. Bowman, counsel
for Geo. D. Lord ; Lewis J. Bennett, canal
Ned O'Baldwiu, tbe Irish giant and prize
fighter, wa shot and fatally wounded in a saloon
row with bis partner, Mike Finnell, in New
York, last week.
The wife of Ebenezer Dunsmore, of Weath
ersfield, Vt, poisoned hereelf and three chil
dren the other day. Temporary insanity.
Serious labor troubles are reported from Fall
River, Mass. The long strike of the mill opera
tives there, it was hoped, would be brought to
a close on Monday, Sept. 27, the employers and
employes having agreed upon a basis upon
which work should be resumed. As the opera
tives presented themselves at their respective
mills on that morning tliey were asked as an
additional condition to sign an agreement that
they would not enter into a strike against the
anil-owners, very lew signea tne paper, tne
majority being greatly incensed at the exaction
of additional terms. For a time serious trouble
was apprehended, but as a general thing the
operatives were orderly and well behaved, and
only a few breaches of the peace occurred.
Rev. Dr. George B. l'orteous and Lewis Ben
jamin were drowned in Long Island Sound, a
few days ago, by the capsizi ng of a small boat
in which they were rowing.
Theodore Tilton delivered his first lecture of
the season at Cooper Institute, New York, on
the evening oi the 29th nit. IIo received what
would be ordinarily called an ovation, for there
were nearly three thousand people present, and
they were lavish in their demonstrations of
admiration for the lecturer.
Two men were killed and several others dan-
gerouely injured near Fottsviile, Fa., last week,
by tho explosion of gas in a coal mine.
A heart-rending catastrophe occurred at Mar
shall, Mich., by the burning of the Herndon
House, early on Friday morning, Sept. 24.
Claude Avery, a prominent jeweler of
wwn, auu anwuie i.ruuer, . ciSr maaer. irom
New llaveu, uonn., pensuea in tne names.
Their bodies were afterward taken from the
burned to a crisp. Eliza King, a dining-
room girl, attempted to descend a ladder from
fourth-etory window, fell, and was mstantly
Kweo. juts, iiauue Avery, wuo was Deing res-
cucu oya nreman irom a unra-siory winaow, 1
fell out of his arms, he being overcome by the
smoke, when within ten feet of the ground,
and was severely injured. Mrs. Varsden had
one leg broken and was otherwise badly hart,
A dining-room girl, known as Martha, in at
tempting to get out of a fourth-etory window,
tell and broke her leg in three places, and
was teiribly braised and cut about the
head ; she is probably fatally injured. Nick
Benks, hotel porter, had both legs broken by
jumping ont of a window. A number of oth
ers were injured more or less. Nothing was
saved in the building, some ot the occupants
barely escaping in their night clothes. The
total loss amounts to about 30, 000.
The Chicago papers announce the death- Tjf
George W. Gage, an old, prominent and wealthy
citizen, aged 03. He was for many years con
nected with the leading hotels of that city, lat
terly with the Grand Pacific.
The Commissioners sent out to the Bed Cloud !
Agency to treat with the Sioux for the cession
of the Black Hills were recently treated to a
genuine scare. While holding a council with
the Indians, a number of the dissatisfied braves
mounted their ponies and commenced circling
and yelling about the camp with their war-paint
on, and giving every sign of hostility. For a
time it looked as though there would be a fight
between the Indians and the cavalry who were
guarding the council, but luckily the bad war
riors were pacified. The Commissioners were
greatly frightened, remembering the fate of
Gen. Canby, and at one time thought their hair
would surely be lifted. Through the efforts of
Young-Man-Afraid-of-His-Horses the fractious
Indians were removed, and a large party of
mounted friendly Indians stationed near the
The Fourth National Bank or Chicago has
closed its doors and gone into liquidation. De
positors will lose nothing, as the assets of the
bank largely exceed the liabilities.
The Secretary of the Treasury has ordered
work to be resumed on the Chicago Costom
House. The foundation of the structure will
be strengthened and some portions of the walls
taken down and rebuilt, in accordance with the
recommendations of the last commission of
In the telegraphic columns of the daily press
of last Sunday was chronicled a shocking list of
j murders in the Far West Tom .Fortune, a
watchman at Bismarck, was shot and killed by
John McMabon, whom Fortune had arrested.
Nine miles below Bismarck, in a whisky
row, Jack Duffy shot and killed Nick Morgan,
a hunter, and wounded in the leg a man named
Snow. Dr. 8. C. Cheney was basely murdered
at Columbus, Kansas, by a desperado, who fired
sixteen buckshot into his body. John Wright,
herding cattle four miles north of Bismajck,
was killed by Indians, and 100 head of stock
One dry goods firm in Chicago sold $700,000
worth of dry goods last week.
The Chicago papers report that grain is be
ginning to arrive in that city at the old
fashioned rate, the daily receipts by rail
amounting to over a thousand car-loads.
The head of an unknown man was found
hanging to a tree in the woods near Marshall
town, Iowa, the other day, and on the ground
beneath lay the headless trunk. It ia supposed
to be a case of suicide.
At the Bed Cloud Council, the other day,
Spotted Tail presented his ultimatum to the
Commissioners, which is as follows: He want
ed pay for the gold already taken out of the
Black Hills, and only wanted to sell such
portion of tho Black Hills as gold is discovered
in, and for relinquishing the Indians' right
therein, he wanted a light wagon, a pair of
horses, six work cattle, a gun and ammunition
for each head of an Indian family. He also
insisted that in future, when annuity goods
came, ho wanted to bo furnished a duplicate
bill of thfm, en some of their own people could
eiamila it. '-Wlion all thrwa tljincs are
done," he said, '-wo will think of what von
Uitv to y to tl," Kr nioiliy, oomaieiid
always to the unsophisticated child of the
Chicago elevators, as per official returns.
contain 707,311 bushels of wheat, 9011,272 bush- ;
els of corn, 347,821 bushels ot oats, 109,324 I
bushels of rye, and 113,994 bushels of bailey j
making a grand total or 2,ibu,yo nusneis,
against 2,(307,188 bushels at this period last
The Sioux Indians on the Upper Missouri
river are manifesting signs of uneasiness, and
troops are to be sent there to look after them.
Another case of lynching, this time at Keytiis
villa, Mo. The victim was a negro, aud hi
crime thai of an attempted rape on a white
An express train on the Hamilton and Day
ton railroad was run into by a freight train at
Hamilton, Ohio, a few nights ago. The sleep
ing coach was .completely demolished, and
three young men who were stealing a ride on
the rear platform were fatally injured.
A terrible casualty occurred one day last
week near Woodburn, Macoupin county. 111,
by the explosion of an engine attached to a
threshing machine, which resulted in the j
wounding of six men, two of whom in all ;
probability will die. ne engineer was tnrown i
tmrty leet in me air, ana a portion oi uie en- .
gine was Diown ouu ieet distant. ia suns. ;
was set on Bre, and for a time a scene of con- j
fusion and dismay ensued. j
The annual reunion of the Army of the Ten- j
nessee atDos Moines,Iowa,last week, was largely i
attended. President Grant, Gen. Sherman
and other notabilities were present Ex-Gov. j
Fletcher, of Missouri, delivered tho annual ora
tion, and President Grant astonished the na
tives by making quite a lengthy speech. The
next reunion will be held at Philadelphia on
the 21st and 22d of July. -
The defalcation of fihem, late teller of the
Planters' Bank of Louisville, is $85,000.
There is now no doubt that the bank robber
recently killed in Kentucky, and supposed to j
be one of the James boys, was Thompson Mo- !
Daniels, a brother of the desperado of that
, ... , . T i
name killed some months ago in Lawrence,
,. . . . , . ....
Kansas, after he had broken jail. I
n. Sheriff rt fienta- ecWv. Te..n.. has i
arrested a man answering the description or
Cole Younger, the bandit.
Advices from Indianola, Texas, report that,
so far as known, 173 lives were lost by the re
cent calamity at that place.
,Qdge Vail, of Iowa, has purchased a con
ruins interest in the Chronicle newspaper,
Government Directors of the Union Pa
a dfle oad have filed their annual report for
The commander of the military department
of Texas telegraphed to tho. Secretary of War
asking if government aid, as in the Alabama
overflow, can be extended to the sufferers en
the coast of Texas. The Secretary of War re-
plied that the Texas district inundated does ;
not lie within the scope of country included in !
the loan authorizing aid by the War Depart-
ment, and can extend no assistance.
It is announced that the law in regard to
proper branding of cigar boxes, which has j
been largely evaded, is henceforth to be rigor- '
ously enforced. .'...!
A new morning penny paper bas been 1
tUrted m Washington. It is to be Democratic
the year ending July 1, 1875. The gross re- I
ceinta were U.522.021. an increase over 1874
of -,75.303. The increase of net earnim
for the same time was $1,516,424: oteratinl
The horse distemper that broke out so vio
lently in New York the other day has reached
Washington on its way southward. The dis
temper does not threaten so serious results as
the epizootic of a few years ago. Constant
care and warm shelter from drafts are, how
ever, necessary to insure speedy recovery.
The monthly report of the Agricultural De
partment for September showB the wool cli p to
be of full average weight, or a little above in
nearly all the States. The tobacco crop shows
a great failing off. The hop crop is reported
iii" good condition, with a largely increased
There ia talk of removing the Bichmond En
quirer to Washington, and publishing it as a
Judge C. A. Newcomb, United States Marshal,
of the St Louis (Mo.) district, the only official
in any way connected with the internal revenue
service who had not resigned or been decapita
ted since the whisky raid, has sent his resig
nation to Washington, at the request of Secre
Secretary Robeson is credited with the inten
tion of resigning shortly.
The National Agricultural Congress held a
three days' session at Cincinnati last week.
The next meeting will be held in Phila
delphia. The British ship Western Empire, bound
from Pensacola to Grimsley, was recently lost
at sea, seven of the crew perishing.
The September report of the Commissioner
of Agrioulture sIiowb that the corn crop, not
withstanding the losses by the overflow of bot
tom lands, and in spite of the unusual lateness
of maturing, is likely to be ene of the bent wo
nave ever nao.
A horrible tragedy was enacted at Knowlton,
Quebec, the other day. An old man named
Welsh attempted to murder bis wife with an ax.
Seeing bis son coming in, he turned and shot
him. The son then, in self-defense, shot his
father dead. The old lady is not expected to
A serious not between Catholics and Orange-
men. caused hv the latter .Hanking C.tlinlin
procession, occurred in Toronto, Canada, last
week. There were many broken beads and
,. , . . , .,, .
limbs, but no one was killed.
The new United States mint is to be located
Nicholls, the rascally teller of the Montreal
Bank of Commerce, who stole about 9100,000
and disappeared, lias been arrested, with his
father, at St. Augustine, Fla.
One of the most extensive and desperate
gangs of horse-thieves that ever existed in the
Southwest has recently been broken np in the
Indian Territory, twenty-BCven of the outlaws
having been captured at one haul. The band
was composed mostly of men who had escaped
from justice in the Ktatos, and had a regular
trail and places of rendezvous, extending from
Kansas to Texas aud Missouri.
A train on the Bichmond, Drummond and
Athabasca railroad ran off the track near Sorel,
Canada, last week, killing ten passengers and
wounding some fifteen others.
The blooded stock on President Grant's St.
Louis farm was sold at auction last week, and
brought ridiculously small returns for the
amount of money spent in the original pur
chase and the cost of maintenance. Exclusive
of the animals bid in for their owner, tho sale
realized about $3,000, only onc-tcuth of tho es
timated value of the stock.
Cable rates have been advanced, and arc now
il in gold per word,
The President has mado the following ap
pointments Charles Itarling, of Minnesota,
Agent of tho Indiana for the Fort BerthnM
; Ageiu-y, Dakota Territory : Ales, G. Irvine, uf
Illinois. Ai;et for t ladiau of the Navajo
Agency in New Mexico; John F. Wildman,
Collector of Internal Bevenue for the district
formed by annexing tho Fifth and Eleventh
Dutricts of Indiana, to be known as the
Eleventh District of that State.
The full text or Secretary Delano's letter of
resignation, dated July 6, together with the
President's letter of acceptance, bearing date
Sept 22, has been published. It transpires
from this correspondence that Mr. Delano
wanted to retire from the Interior Department
as far back as November, 1871, and that be ex
pressed the same desire on several occasions
daring last spring, and only retained the office
at the President's solicitation. The latter, in
accepting the resignation, takes occasion to
express the opinion that the late Secretary has
been unjustly persecuted by the public press,
and that he is entirely innocent of all the
charges maoe against him. -In dosing bis let
ter he sayB: 'I now believe that you have
filled every public trust confided to you with
ability aud integrity. I sincerely trust that
the future will place yon right in the estima-
tion o pnbliC) Md eontinae
to moy itg confidence M you have done
through so many Tears of public and official
nfe- mth continued respect and friendship I
subscribe myself, very truly your obedient I
servant, U. 8. ClnaXT.''
Charles H. Ham has been removed from the
office 0f Appraiser of Merchandise at the port
of Chicago, and B. C. Fieldkamp, a German,
appointed in his place. Mr. Ham is one of the
editors of the Inter-Ocean,
The Bemiblieans of Massachusetts met in
State Convention at Worcester on the 29th
nit, and nominated Alexander H. Bice for
Governor on the third ballot. Vice-President
The President has appointed George Dawson
Coleman, of Pennsylvania, Secretary of the
Interior, in place of Delano. Mr. Coleman is
one of the iron kings of the Keystone State, is
a man of great wealth, and has never figured
The situation in the disturbed Provinces
of Turkey is more warlike than ever. Herze
the goviua is still in open rebellion, demanding her
freedom from Turkish rule, and Servia is now
mobilizing her army, preparatory, to following
Fifteen hundred Cossack, who resisted the
emorcement ui uie new limitary eaict oi toe
. .. ....
Czar of Russia, nave been retired to the new
colony 111 Tmkeslan. They will be followed
OUUIOIT UJ vwuv.u ,, I.W C.UXU1. .ICUCUIUUDnUUilh
iw-,i,ava - 1 1 1 :
The Czar has an uncomfortably summary wav
of enforcing his edicts.
The English hop crop has been seriously
damaged by rain.'
The American ship Ellen Southard was
recently wrecked on the coast of England,
near Liverpool. Nine of . the crew were
Henry M. Stanley, the leader of the Nevr
York Jleralla African exploring expedition,
bas been heard Irom. His last letter is dated
from the villago of Kagehigi, near .Victoria
Nyanza, May 15. Two of his white companions.
had died of fever.
gu't. The efforts of the diplomatic representa
tives of the Great Poweis to effect a reconcilia
tion between the rebellious Provinces and the
Turkish government have failed, and a terrible
war is apparently inevitable.
There was an imposing celebration of the
semi-centennial of railroads at Darlington, Eu-
gignd, on the 27th of September.
Nearly the whole of England was visited by
disastrous storms on the 27th ult. Ia Liver
pool scarcely a bouse escaped injury, and
several people were killed.
The Swedish Arctic expedition has arrive!
safely at Hammerfest, Norway, on their north
ward journey. All well.
Many parts of Ireland have been visited by
disastrous floods. An overflow in the river Leo
inundated a portion of the city of Cork and
country for miles around, occasioning immense
damage to property.
The crowning stone of the Lincoln Memorial
Tower, designed as a memorial for the abolition
of slavery and a bond of brotherhood between
England and America, was laid at London, the
Tweuty-uiue members of the Servian Legis
lature have resigned their seats in consequence
of the complications with Turkey. The ad
dress of the majority of the Skuptschina de
mands immediate declaration of war with Tur
key, reform of bureaucratic abases, a whole
sale dismissal of officials, and absolute liberty
of the press. The insurrection in Herzego
vina still continues to spread rapidly.
The damage done the crops by the recent
floods is reported to bs enormous in Longford,
Kerry, and Tipperary, Ireland.
European advices state that the insurgents
in Herzegovina refuse to treat directly with the
Porte in any case. They insist that the Euro
pean commission, delegated by the powers,
shall make and guarantee a treaty ; that the
insurgents have been victorious in a series of
minor engagements along the river Una, in
The cattle plague is spreading in England.
The Slow Times.
We do not look for a sudden revival of
business any longer. If our diagnosis
of the case is correct, there can be no
sudden cure. We of this generation
will hardly live to see the country genu
inely prosperous. Great masses of prop
erty are to be abandoned. The capital
stock of multitudes of corporations will
be sunk, and their property will pass
Pto han,d8 of .bondholders and cred-
I . . a ..1 . A . . . 11. nt Htm, mav nne.
sibly be mode remuneratively useful.
Hnuareos oi minions oi invest iunos
will practically cease to exist. The
xl 1. :. .1. XI f 1 1 i.
, , .V" . , x
invested cannot be used, and they might
. ,, , . y . ?,
1 fire. Thus the means of living have
been enormously reduced among capi-
talists, and more men need work to do
than used to need it. With this fact on
one side, we find set over against it the
other fact thf.t, of the multitude who had
adjusted their industry to the conditions
of war, only a part are needed under the
conditions of peace. Tens, twenties,
fifties are to be counted out of the mills,
the factories, the shops, and sent either
into idleness or into some other field of
industry. In other words, our national
The cities and centers which hove
grown so rapidly will naturally cease to
grow. The larger cities will grow, per
haps, as London grows, by their attrac
tion for men of wealth, but men of enter
prise will not crowd into places where
there is no work or reward for them.
The boys will stand by their fathers'
farms better than they have done, and
hundreds of thousands of men and women
who have left tho farm and the farm
house must return to them. It is pleas
ant to reflect that a living am be won
from the ground, and that agriculture
holds a certain cure for all our troubles.
Mr. Greeley's old advice, "Go West,
young man, was based upon a philoso
phy whose soundness the people of this
time cannot question, Tho tondency in
his time was to overdo business, and
thnt tendf-ncy wnt on, to the distressing
itBiiit.s of which mi i us arc tin wit-
' and the victims.
It is pitiful to see' men and women
lying idle. It is pitiful to see tbem in
great masses thrown out of employment.
We wish they could be made to under
stand hov hopeless the situation is for
at least half of them how necessary it
is that they should be seeking employ
ment in agricultural pursuits, in lives of
industry adapted to the present circum
stances of the country in anything and
any place except that which is proved to
be insufficient for their needs. This
change must come, and the quicker it
comes the better for them and the better
for the country. The American people
are not lacking in shrewdness, patience,
adaptiveness, and industry, and'the good
time will though it is likely to be
Dr. J. G. Holland, in
Scribner for October.
THE BLACK HILLS.
Negotiations for their Acquisition Independent
Demands of the Hloux Orators-Terms
at the Treaty Offered by the Commission.
An Associated Press telegram from
Bed Cloud Agency, dated Sept 29, says:
The Commissioners met the Indians in
council on Tuesday. Three hundred
chiefs were present. Bed Cloud, chief
of the OgaUalas, on behalf of the Indians,
said he felt better than heretofore. He
said he considered the Hills more valua
ble in the precious metals than the entire
wealth of the United States. He pro
posed to ask a large sum for them, the
principal to be put at interest, and from
ine miter 10 ueiive sutncient to keep the
Sioux nation. In addition, he wanted
Grant to furnish annually each head of
an Indian family six yoke of oxen, a
wagon, a span of horses, harness, a bull,
cow, sow, boar, sheep, rams, chickens,
and other domestic fowls, coffee, tea,
sugar, side meat, rice, cracked corn,
beans, dried apples, and a host of other
articles. He enumerated also houses and
furniture, the same as white men. He
said the government was trying to make
a white man out of him, and he wanted
to indulge the white man. He wanted
a saw-mill for every tribe of the Sioux
nation; the removal of troops from posts
, - . . . . . ,
L; T j- ' . , "6"" "
annnnnnt, Indian a rr.m fa amnltmaa nnH
appointing Indian agents, employes and
traders. He was emphatic in his de
mand for Catholic clergy for special in
structors. He said God had given his
people the Black Hills, so they might all
subsist from their wealth. He was op
posed to any roads to the Black Hills
except the one made by Custer from
Bismarck, which he designated as the
thief's road. He wanted all half-breeds
and white men married to squaws treated
the same as Indians. He described the
limits of the Block Hills, which he
wished to sell, and was emphatically op
posed to disposing of the Big Horn and
Powder Kiver country.
He was followed by Lone Horn, Chief
of the Arapahoes, in a speech similar in
tone to Bied Cloud's. He insisted on
the removal of agents and employes, aDd
putting in men acceptable to the Indi
ans. He said all the Indians had put
their heads together in opinion. He
wanted Catholic missionaries as instruc
tors. He demanded that the boundary
line of the reservation be extended to
the Middle Platte river, in Nebraska.
He wanted the survey stopped.
Utlier duels followed, all m the same
The result of Wednesday's proceed
ings consisted in a recapitulation of
Tuesday's exorbitant demands for ad
ditional possessions and ammunition.
One of the chiefs asked $70,000,000 for
the Black Hills, part payment in cash,
the remainder at interest, the proceeds
from the latter to purchase such articles
as the Indians require.
Each of the speakers to-day demanded
Bed Cloud, in his speech, said six
generations of Indians had passed away.
The only conditions on which the Sioux
Nation will sell the Hills, would be a
guarantee that Grant would provide for
the Indians for six succeeding gener
ations. An Indian generation is 100
The Commissioners to-day met the
Indians again, and submitted a treaty.
They offered to lease the country for a
term of years, agreeing to pay therefor
the sum of $400,000 per annum, the
United States reserving the right to ter
minate the lease at any time by giving
two years' notice. Or, if the Sioux pre
fer it, the Cornmissioners proposed that
the United States purchase the Hills out
right, paying therefor $6,000,000 in fif
teen annual installments.
Spotted Toil and Bed Cloud expressed
much surprise at the small amount of
fered for the Black Hills, and said they
would have to call a council of the Indi
ans, and could give no answer for two
The Commissioners have come to the
conclusion that it is impossible to make
a treaty in the present temper of the Indians.
A Noble Roman Matron.
To the best of our recollection, he was
an Arkansas clergyman who hod been
accused of trailing his "trne inward
ness" in the company of the wrong
woman. Under these painful circum
stances, his wife was frequently com
pared to a " noble Boman matron;" but
she didn't seem to mind it, and firmly
declared her belief in her husband's in
nocence. When the day of trial arrived
she sat in court beside him, and moved
the jury to tears by arranging a 50-cent
bouquet in the buttonhole of nis coat.
The case was at last opened, and the
witnesses for the prosecution called.
There were thirty or forty of them ; but
before half a dozen had testified, a
mighty change came over the face of the
wife, and, getting right up and address
ing her remarks to the Bench, she said:
"See here, Judge, I am satisfied if you
are. Don't mind me; I can stand it I
reckon it's into me. Judge, to get even.
Just hold on to him till called for, and,
if any woman wants him, he's her'n, and
no questions asked." Then, turning to
her husband and snatching the florid to
ken from his buttonhole, she bitterly
exclaimed: "Bemcmbor, from this
time forward, my home's a den of ragin'
bora, and you am t no Daniel. .En-
A Dangerous Counterfeit.
A Washington dispatch says: "The
Secret Service authorities have informa
tion that a company of Italians have
gone West with a large amount of the
counterfeit 810 bills of the First Na
tional Bank of Philadelphia. These
counterfeits are exceedingly dangerous.
One of them was recently received at
the Treasury cash room, and exchanged
by the experts for small money. The
counterfeit is probably the - most dan
gerous extant. It is perfect on its face,
but has a few defects on the back,
Thb Chief of Police of Portland can't
take a joke. His house was robbed a
few nights ago by the thief whom he was.
umimg aiouiKi, ana lie leu so cut np
oyer tup cuwmitttflnce tut he resigned,
Tne Financial Condition ot Turkey A
Bankrupt Nation How Money la Thrown
Away The Saltan Hanaiel to Kke Oat
an Existence on a Pitiful Ten Millions a
Quite a sensation has been produced
in Europe, especially at money centers
where Turkish bonds and stocks are ne
gotiated, by an expose of the desperate
financial condition of the Ottoman em
pire, and the enormous, reckless extrava
gance and corruption of its rulers. The
work is entitled, " The Decline of Tur
key, Financially and Politically, by J.
Lewis Farley, author of 'Modern Tur
key,' etc. ; London, 1875." A corre
spondent of the Boston Advertiser,
writing from Constantinople, says of the
The facts herein presented are most
astounding, and sorely denote that a
financial collapse of this government is
inevitable and imminent. Mr. Farley
was for eighteen years a resident of
Turkey; was in the employ of its gov
ernment six years as Consul to England,
has had access to official documents, and
may, therefore, be presumed to know
whereof he affirms. He gives the details
of his statements, from which I sum
marize the following abstract, giving the
amounts in dollars instead of pounds
Funded debt of Turkey, $1,012,772,
100. That is, ten thousand million dollars
and some over nearly equal to one-half
the debt of tne United states. . .
The whole revenues are ninety mill
ions per annum; apd the expenditures
fully as much, usually more.
The interest on the debt, amounting
to seventy-five millions, has, therefore,
to be met by new loans; so, also, the
excess of expenditures, which some years
is very large, and the bonds are sold in
Europe -for what they will bring. As
these bonds have rapidly accumulated
within a few years, the depreciation has
been still more rapid.
The last loan, in 1874, for two hun
dred millions, was sold for ninety mill
ions, that is, at fifty-five per cent, dis
count I The amount obtained, however,
tided the government over last year, and
has so far this year, bnt is said to be
about ran nut. The question now is.
can a new loan be negotiated at any price
alter una exhibit I
Nor is this all. The most discourag
ing features remain to be told. Let
Americans of republican simplicity pon
der these figures, suggestive as they are
of Oriental magnificence on the one hand
and grinding poverty on the other:
annual salary of Grand Sultan, gold.. ..$10,000,000
Annual salary of Grand Vizier, gold.... 150,00i
Annual salary of Miniat r of Finance,
Annnal salary of the Ulniatcr of lnblie
Works, gold 65,000
It will be observed the salary of the
Grand Vizier is three-fold that of the
President of the United States. . Bat the
greatest wonder is how any one man can
contrive to spend ten millions a year and
survive it long. A few facts may assist
a ami apprehension: xne doily dinner
of the Sultan he always dines alone
consists of ninety-four dishes; and ten
other meals are prepared in case he
shonld fancy to partake of them. Ho
has eight hundred horses, seven hundred
wives guarded by three hundred and
fifty eunuchs. For this enormous
household forty thousand oxen are yearly
slaughtered; and the purveyors are re
quired to furnish daily two ' hundred
sheep, one hundred lambs or goats, ten
calves, two hundred bens, two hundred
pairs pullets, one hundred pairs pigeons,
and fifty green geese. All along the
shores of the Bosphorus vast palaces and
elaborate kiosks (summer palaces) occur
in succession at a little more than a mile
apart, many of them furnished in most
costly style. Of Turkish statesmen Mr.
Farley says : " Their hrst thought is to
amass money, and oorrnption is the rule
from the highest to the lowest. Their
creed is : 4 The country is going hope
lessly to the dogs; let us take care
of ourselves.' It is well known that
none oi them hold Turkish stock. The
financial position of the country is utter
ly hopeless. The maladministration of
the past three years has disgusted the
friends of Turkey in England, aud no
English government could now venture
to increase our public burdens by an at
tempt to keep tne Turks in constant
nople. The sway of Turkey in Europe
is therefore doomed.
Not to be too sanguine, however, of
such a consummation devoutly to be
wished, I would say the Turk shows no
signs of packing his trunk with a view of
vacating, but, on tne other nana, gives
unmistakable evidence of an intention to
stop awhile longer. He is rebuilding all
the forts at tne moutn ot tne itospnorns
on the Black sea, and remounting them
with guns of heavier calibre ; be is con
stantly having new iron-dads built in
England with latest improvements, and a
large fleet of them cover tne Jtospnorus
near the Horn. He also is having an or
der for 600,000 breech-loaders filled by
the Providence Tool Company in Bhode
Island, at aa expense of ten million dol
lars. In short, nowever slow to advance
in most things, he seems fully deter
mined to keep well abreast of the times
in all that pertains to modern warfare.
To repudiate even is not to vacate, nor
could it be really considered a casus
belli. Hut it would be very likely to
lead to new complications. As the
French say, " Who lives will see."
To show the lavish manner in which
money is squandered in this country, I
will "give one item not alluded to by
Mr. Farley. It is citstomary to celebrate
the Sultan's birthday by a grand il
lumination of the Bosphorus. This fete
was observed this year with unusual
magnificence. A party of us Americans
chartered a steamer, and we were trans
ported fifteen miles through fairy-land
indeed. The landscape on either hand
was lit up and made radiant by millions
of lamps, not only from all the houses,
but special structures of every conceiva
ble design mosques, minarets, arches,
temples, etc. High up on the banks the
gardens and parks were lit up so as u
show distinctly the walks and flowery
parterres ; crowning the summits were
luminous crescents of immense size,
looking like new moons just rising.
Olive oil was used to give a golden hue j
to the lights, and those were so arranged
as to present a surface all aglow. The
whole air was filled with golden rain, and
brilliants of every hue descending from
bomb and mortar rockets discharged
from boats moored at regular intervals ;
bands of musio were gliding around.and
the whole river was covered with caiques
and floating craft of every kind, filled
with people eager to listen, wonder, and
It seemed the height of impudence
and almost a sin to obtrude upon such a
scene the universal ' Yankee query
" WfuU did this cost !"
But one of our parry could not repress
his native instinct, and he ont with it to
an attache of the Ottoruan Bank.
. The rvplv .,' "Onlv -f. lflO.OOO"
1760,000. U ;
lie (nt0u 3)tmml
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
1 m.a m. m m.llJ m.
i incbN . . .
V nnlt2 mm mw ro ts on
8 0010 00
1 oo i m 4 in
00 10 ou
ia oo; is oil
1 SO 1 ISO SOI
s ool 4 oo) s oo;
I 00 11 snus 00
11 00 15 0O 17 SO
t oo 6 ool s nii.is oo "jo ouj'is oo
7 oolio oo is no jo oo ) noi'ooo!
10 Oil 18 PO aOI);: po;S3 007S oo!
I cojomn . .
BuiineM canli of flTt; lin or ., $1 prr annum.
Local notices 10 oenta per line each inarrlkw.
Simple annoimeemenU of marriages and deaths,
md church and benevolent society notices iaeerled
free. Any additions to obituary notices will be
tnarged 5 cents per line.
Favors inT be banded hi as early as Tuesday
morning to insure insertion the same week
Communications upon subjects of general or lo
cal interest are solicited.
A SONG OF THE EARLY AUTUMN.
When m late summer the streams run yellow. '
Burst the bridges and spread into bays ;
Wben berries are black and peaches are mellow.
And hills are hidden by rainy base.
When the golden rod Is golden still.
lint uie heart of tne aunnower is orowner a i
When the corn is In stscks on tbe slope of the hill,
And overne path enaes the stnpea saaer.
When butterflies flutter from clover to thicket,
Or wave their wings on tne drooping leal,
hen the breeze comes shrill wih the call of tb
.cricket . (
Graahoppera rasp, and rustle of sheaf.
Wben high In the field the fern leaves wrinkle.
And brown Is tne grass w litre toe mowers uavs
When low In the meadow tbe cow-bells tinkle.
And brooklets crinkle er stock and atone.
When heavy and hollow the robin's whistle, -And
thick lies the shade in tbe heat of noon :
When the air ia white with the down o the telle,
And the sky is red with the harvest moon.
Oh, then, be chary, young Bobert and Mary ;
Let no time supnot a moment wait i
If the fiddle would play it must stop its tuning.
And they who would marry most be done with
their moonina :
Mind weU the eatue, let the churn go rattle.
And pile the wood by the barn-yard gate I
Seribner for Octobaf.
Wit and Humor.
Dressino for turkey Feathers.
A noosb paper A death warrant. -How
TO find a girl out Call when she
isn't in. -
The cheapest of lawers keeping one'
Wanted A lifeboat that will float o
a " sea of troubles.
Tales have a strange passion for tell
ing themselves out of school.
Mrs. Peooartt savs that her husband's
behavior is enough to irrigate an angel.
Mb. Munchausen, who makes soap in
Montreal, furnishes his own lye, of
course. . -
There has always been trouble about
the mouth of the Mississippi river, it is
too far from the head.
A New Yobk tailor says that if all men
would pay cash down for clothes the
tailors could knock thirty cents off of
A Kentucky editor tells another that
if his head were as red as his nose, he
would remind one of a bow-legged car
rot surrounded by a cockade.
A bclt of lightning struck a tree in
front of n .Chicago Alderman's house,
the other night, and in his fright the
Alderman remarked : " Hold on ! I'll
restore the money 1" .
A lady correspondent, who assumes
to know how boys ought to be trained,
writes to an exchange as follows : " Oh,
mothers! hunt out the soft, tender, genial
side of your boy's nature." Mothers often
do with an old shoe. '
Brooklys Aravs; Tbe aver
Ivn lodeer doesn't hunt through his soup
for chicken any more, but, glancing np
sadly into the landlady's face, timidly
asks: "Are you quite sure you dipped
any feathers in this water!"
An aristocratic New Yorker, on being
requested by a rich and vulgar young
fellow for permission to marry " one of
his girls," gave this rather crushing
reply: "Certainly ;' which would you
prefer the housemaid or the cook 1 '
Sam" I say, Jim, how does you like
my new sweet ob clothes ?" Jim "Sweet
ob clothes 1 , Go "long ! You mean suit
of clothes." Sam "Go 'long wid yer
ownself, you black ignoramus ! Don't
folks as knows French say sweet of
rooms? Well, de same am applicable
to clothes. Go whitewash yerself I"
It is the ruthlessly contemplative mind
of Perkins, of the Cincinnati Times,
which evolves this exquisite consumma
tion : "In all this world of woes can it
IH4 IHJHHLUIH 1X1 llXUMflxKl SU1VUKU ICU1UU
tion so stern, so awful, and withal so
just, as that exhibited in the marriage
of a life-insurance agent to a book can
vasser!" i -
" Yes, sir," promptly replied the boy
as the grocer asked him if he wanted any
thing. " I want two ounces of ki and
two ounces of pepper." "Ki? Ki!"
queried the astonished man. " Yes, sir ;
mother told me to get ki and pepper here
and some corset-strings on the comer."
It was a good while before the grocer
got hold of the right article. Detroit
When the Earl of Bradford was
brought before Lord Chancellor Lough
borough to be examined upon applica
tion for a statute of lunacy against him, '
the Chancellor asked him. "How many
lees has a sheep !" " Does your Lord
ship mean," answered Lord Bradford,
" a live or a dead sheep ?'.' " Is it not
the same thing!" said the Chancellor.
" No, my Lord," said Lord Bradford,
"there is much difference. A living
sheep may have four legs ; a dead sheep
has only two. There are but two legs of
mutton ; the two fore legs are shoulders."
Built a bonne
In mamma's best bonnet;
a 11 tbe cats
Were catching rats.
And didnt light upon it.
At last they found it,
And around it
Sat watching for the sinner;
When, strange to say,
She got away,
' And so thoy lost their dinner.
Mr. A. T. Stewart and His Clerks.
I had an interesting chat with one of
Stewart's clerks, regarding the business
habits of his wonderful employer. He
tells me that the " Old Man," as they
style him, is in New York every day at
9 o'clock a. m., stays an hour or so, rides
to the wholesale store, and drops into the
retail establishment again at 4.30, re
maining until 6. He has a most wonder
ful memory, and while he never forgets a
miatiiVn hn is rjromnt to recofrnize and
reward those who take an interest in his
business and attend to it with the care
and vim that he considers it demands.
My informant says that Stewart's is tho
best retail house to work for, both as re
ffards pav and advancement. Ho quoted
numerous instances in which men had
risen by attention to business, most
notably the present superintendent of
the largest retail establishment in the.
world. JilX. orewan prizes xne oerviCTsn
of this former parcel boy so highly, that,
in addition to the splendid salary he pays
him, he has given him the title deeds of
a house in New York valued at $30,000.
Mr. Stewart docs everything on a grand
scale, as befits his reputation. When
tho clerks were scut from his New York
store to the Saratoga one, they had a
palace car and sleeping car for their ex
clusive accommodation. They all lodge
in one of Stewart's cottages, take thcrr
meals at a hotel, and Mr. Stewart foots
the bill. He has also on several occa
sions sent carriages on Sunday afternoons
to take them ont riding. CnWfWW-e