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PUBLISHED EVERT THURSDAY
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L. O. G QIILD.
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TEW Of SUBSCRIPTION! - '
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Jo Panrmra of all description furnished to
order, and guaranteed to prove satisfactory to
Thk Herzegovinian insurrection con
tinues because Bussia, pn the sly, tell
the insurrected to keep on. Gortncha
koff confesses that it is pleasant to have
the chestnut pulled out of the fire by
some one else. ...
Jefferson Clink, who lives near
'Wytheville.-'Va., is tmly three feet six
inches high in his , boots, which are
number elevens. He is seventy years
, old, weighed twelve pounds at his birth,
and now weighs forty-seven pounds.
The first volume ef William Cullen
Bryant's "History of the United
States" will shortly be issued. The
venerable poet-historian is assisted in
his labors' by Sidney Howard Gay, for
merly managing editor of the Chicago
School children in Wisconsin have
lights which teachers are bound to re-
-spect The Supreme Court of the State
has just decided that the whipping of
child by a public school teacher is an
assault and battery, and that an offend
ing teacher may be mulcted in damages
as well as held answerable for violating
the dignity of the law.
Geobok W. Chujw, ol the Philadel
phia Ledger, denies that he is responsi
ble for the obituary poetry in his paper, at
which the press of the country is always
poking fan. . He says the poems were
feature of the paper when he bought
it, and not one line of those verses is
written in the office. . Thev are printed
just like any other advertisements for
. money. .
Thb dispute which is constantly re
curring between sportsmen whether the
race horses of England are equal to those
of this country is going to have a prac
tical settlement by a trial of speed be
tween horses of the two oountries, Mr.
Banford, of New York, having shipped
eight of our most celebrated runners for
London with the intention of contesting
for the prize cups next year.
' People who write letters will find in
struction in the facts shown in the report
of the Dead-Letter Office last year. Some
3,640,797 letters went astray, mainly
through carelessness in directing. There
was taken out of these letters the as
tonishingly large sum of $3,500,000.
All this was returned to its owners with
the exception of $400,000, which remains
as a profit to the Fostoffice Department.
Thb search for Charlie Bess is taken
np by Walter T. Baker, the young Phil
adelphia carpenter, whose receipt of let
ters from a former associate about the
boy who professed to have stolen him
was lately mentioned. ' He has followed
np the writer of the letters, and obtained
clews enough to determine him to go to
England and obey the instructions given
him. Mr. Baker and -his friends bear
the expenses of the journey.
- Thb coming report of the Commission
er of Patents will show a steady increase
in the use of trade-marks by the various
members of the mercantile business
throughout the country. In former
times the use of a trade-mark could only
be secured by long -and continuous use.
Now, upon the issuing of a certificate
from the Patent Office, a firm is secure
in the use of any trade-mark it may de
vise. . "In the fiscal year ending June 3,
1870, some 800-certificates were issued.
The report for the last year shows that
some 900 were issued.
Thb official returns show that the Oc
tober election in Ohio called out by far
the largest vote ever oast in the State,
the total being over 66,000 more than in
the Presidential election of 1872, which
has hitherto been the largest Hayes
has 5,549 plurality over Allen, and 2,958
majority over Allen and Odell, the pro
hibitory candidate, the totals being:
Hayes, 297,813; Allen, 292.264; Odell,
2,591. Gary ran over 4,000 behind Al
len, the figures for Lieutenant-Governor
being: Young, 297,931; Cary, 287,968;
prohibitory, 8,630 the highest vote cast
- for that party; Young over Cary, 9,968.
, i Thb project ol a monument in com
: uemoration of the hundredth anniversary
of American independence,, to be erected
in remembrance of the ancient friend
ship of America and France, deserves the
hearty syn pathy and support of the peo
ple of both cations. Thus far the French
set n. it h ve taken the most interest
ic tne ur dertaking. It is time the Ameri
cans should vie with them in securing its
luecess. The idea is to have a colossal
statue, representing Liberty enlightening
the world, elevated on a little island in
the middle of New York harbor, over
looking the cities of New York, Brook
lyn, and Jersey City. The pedestal, dec
orated with allegories illustrating the
history of the United States, will be
nearly 75 feet high. The whole monu
ment, from the soil to the summit of the
hand, will attain 200 feet The first
model is ready and accepted. The work
is to be performed by the celebrated
sculptor, August BartholdL. - ;
Mas. Bene, of New York city, has
realized how sharper than a serpent's
tooth it is to have a thankless child. Two
of her boys, aged respectively 17 and 15
years, committed a burglary some months
ago and fled from home, since which
time nothing had been heard of them
until a few nights ago, when they broke
into the house, pulled their pistols and
dirk-knives and drove their brothers into
a room, where they locked them in. The
young scoundrels then seized their old
mother,, and" while one .held her . and
pointed a loaded pistol at her bead, the
L. G. GOULD, Publisher.
rDeFoted to the Interests of the' Democratic Party, aid the Collection of Local and (fener. Ifews ' ',""f','., . Teniis,, $1.50 per Annum, in Adrance.
VOL: VIII.-N0. 51.
EATON, OHIO, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 18, 1875.
WHOLE NUMBER 446.
other robbed her of her pocket-book, a
gold watch, locket and chain. They
then threatened to kill her and their
brothers if .they Attempted to prevent
them from making their escape.
Geo. Jacobs shot and killed' himself
at Gardington, one day last week, while
intoxicated. ' i
Thb machine factory of Steptoe &
McFarland, at Cincinnati, was partially
destroyed by fire last Saturday. Loss,
' Josephine Early, of Cambridge, has
obtained a judgment in the Common
Pleas Court against Herman Shultz for
$500, under the Adair Liquor law.
By a runaway : Dayton, It few even
ings since, two gentlemen of that city,1
named Allen and Anderson, were
thrown from their carriage -and fatally
Michael Clabk, an inmate of the
Soldiers' Home, at Dayton, committed
suicide at that institution last week, by
cutting his throat with a pocket knife.
A tebbible murder was committed at
a saw mill six miles northwest of - Piqua
on Monday last; Two men beat, a' man
named Snap to death with clubs because
he came to collect rents. ; " - , -
Hugh Evans, the iron-jawed man of
Bamum's show,, is in jail in Cleveland
for illegal voting. He hangs a while to
a bar by his teeth every day, for his own
and fellow prisoners' amusement
The local sensation in Columbus, las
week, was the fact that Councilman
Chris. Lewis, who has some reputation
for muscle, had his virago badly dam
aged in a saloon altercation over a throw
of dice for a mug of beer.
Thb body of Minerva Davis, a colored
woman, was found in an alley in tne
center of Piqua one morning last week, .
with her throat cut wide and deep. The
Coroner's Jury returned a verdict charg
ing her husband with the crime.
A MAir named John Perkins, employed
in Jennings' saw mill, three miles from
West Jefferson, went to the latter place,
the other day, became intoxicated, and
was found dead near the railroad track
next morning, with his head terribly
War. Mobban, . who feloniously en
tered the residence of Abraham Hivling,
at Xenia, in July, on the day of Bar
num's show, has been . sentenced by
Judge Barlow to four years in the Peni
tentiary. He seemed to -like the pros
pects. Jacob Osteb, cf Tiffin, committed sui
cide, shooting himself through the heart
last Thursday night with an army mus
ket The charge which' was common
marble and chunk iron, passed complete
ly through his body and lodged in the
ceiling. Family trouble is the supposed
Tklegbams received at - Columbus
state that most of the miners in the
Hocking Valley left their work and are
on a strike. They demand an increase of
ten cents per ton. for mining coal ?The
indications now are that their demands
will be refused by the operators.. .
At Springfield, David Over had been
missing for several days; and on Satur
day last a cannon "was fired at the spot
where he was supposed .to have sunk in
Mad river. The experiment was suc
sessful, as the corpse was raised to the
surface. An inquest was held, and the
jury found that he met his death by fall
ing into the water.
The City Council of Lima have issued
circular calling a convention of dele
gates from cities of this State to meet at
Columbus on Dec. 8, for the purpose of
devising some means to wipe ont the sys
tem of tramps which is becoming so
general throughout the country. This
meeting will memorialize the Legislature
to pass a general law to that effect.
Thebbsa S wiser, a servant girl, died
at a boarding house in Columbus, several
days ago, quite suddenly. Her remains,
were buried, but her friends, suspecting
foul play, had the body resurrected, and
a Coroner's Jury made an examination
of it, and returned a verdict that Joseph
P. Tnssing, the girl's former lover, was
the cause of her death, using foul means
to accomplish it, as she refused to marry
him. ' Tnssing has disappeared.
An important railroad change will soon
occur at Cincinnati. The Erie and At
lantic and Great Western. will do busi
ness between Dayton and Cincinnati oyer
the Dayton Short Line, G, C, C. and
L, instead of the" Cincinnati, Hamilton
and Dayton, as at present This will be
done by means of a transfer of cars,
freight and passengers from broad to
narrow trucks at Dayton and froin nar
row to broad. This change is due to
the common interest in stock in the two
A distinguished Ohioon has passed
away. Judge a nomas L. Jewett died at
the St Nicholas Hotel, Cincinnati, on
the 2d inst He was the senior brother
of Hugh J. Jewett President and Re
ceiver of the Erie railroad. He was
about sixty-five years of age, born in
Hartford county, Maryland, of Quaker
parents. He came to this State early in
life, and passed most of his years of ac
tivity in Cincinnati, Steubenville being
his home. He was a lawyer of promi
nence, and was at one time a Judge in
Steubenville. ' .
During Capt Boyton's journey down
the Rhine, from Basle to Strasburgi he
was greatly distressed by the violent back
ennvnt, and said that he found the river
worse than the Mississippi, the Ohio, or
the Missouri. On arriving at Kehl he
was carried violently against the bridge
of boats by the rapid current, arid sank
for a few seconds.
NEWS OF THE WEEK.
H. E. Claflin & Co., the well-known New
York dry goods merchants, hare been indicted
for smuggling silks.
Interest in Moodj and Bankey'a meetings in
Brooklyn is on the declire, and the attendance
is growing smaller each day.- .,
. Lewis Q. Phillips & Co cap manufacturers
of New York, have failed for a heavy amount.
At a business meeting of Plymouth Church,
Brooklyn, last week, the names of Deacon
West and Mrs. Francis D. Houlton were dropped
from the roll of membership on the ground of
oontinned absence. - Mrs. Houlton protested
through ber counsel, Roger A. Pryor, stating
that her absence was an enforced one, caused
by the crime of adultery committed 'by Henry
Ward Beecher, which she knew to be true
through confessions and other evidence. She
declared her disposition to discharge all the dn
ties devolving on her as a member, that are
consistent with her knowledge of the adultery
of the pastor, and his false swearing with re
gard to it
The committee' of reverends charged with
investigating Beecher promise to do their work
thoroughly. They propose first to scrutinize
closely the evidence brought out in the scan
dal trial, and then to search for new evidence.
The following are named as the committee :
Be. William M. Taylor, of the Broadway Tab
ernacle, New York ; Bev.' Dr. Wm. Ives Bud
dington, of the Clinton Avenue Church, Brook
lyn ; Bev. Profs. Parsons and Martin, of the
New York Theological Seminary, and Bev.
Charles H. Everest, of the Church of the Pu
..The people of Saratoga county, N.-Y., are'
excited over the discovery of the defalcation
of Henry R. Mann, who has been the Treasurer
of the oounty for the last fifteen years. It
is known that the sum of his stealings will
reach $140,000, and may largely exceed that
amount. " --.' -."'.':
The New York Order of United Irishmen
Bedivivi has tried another one of its members
for treason and condemned him to death. Pat
rick J. Walsh is the alleged traitor, and makes
the third person condemned. - . . "'
Haight, Balsey & Co., of New York, heavy
importers of hatters' goods, have suspended.
Their liabilities are 9750,000.
The experiment of running a fast mail train
from New York to Pittsburgh was inaugurated
on the 9th inst, and would bave been success
ful but for an accident that happened near
Philadelphia. Mr. Douglas, Chief Engineer
of the Pennsylvania railroad, who was superin
tending the trip, leaned out of a window so far
that his head struck a post standing beside the
track. He was instantly killed. A stop wai
made, when the train proceeded on its way,
making the run through to Pittsburgh in eleven
hours and thirty minutes. The locomotive
showed no signs of giving out, and the officials
are confident that regular trips can be made as
The United States Grand Jury at Chicago has
found about sixty indictmennv against parties
charged with criminal violations of the inter-
nal revenue laws relating to whisky. Most of
those implicated reside in Chicago, and many
of them are prominent citizens. -
Urs. Smith, of Erookfield, Mo., was handling
a loaded gun the other day, when the weapon
was discharged, the load passing through the
body of her little daughter and producing al
most instant death.
The . Northwestern Railroad Company has
purchased and will hereafteroperate the Bock-
ford, Bock Island and St Louis road.
The National Gold Bank of San Francisco
has eone into voluntary liquidation. Creditors
will be neld in full.
A horrible murder occurred at Bpnngfleld,
Mow lately. A woman named Mary Collins
went into the room where ber husband, James
Collins, was sleeping, and seizing an ax split
his skull in two, killing him instantly. She
the attempted to murder her little daughter.
but the child made her escape to a neighbor's.
- Elder Morgan, an apostle of the Mormon re
ligion, appointed by Brigham Young to evan
gelize Illinois, Kentucky and Tennessee, began
his "work of grace" at Bloomington, UL, last
Sunday, by addressing a large meeting upon
the "Tenets of the Mormon Faith." It is his
intention to thoroughly canvass the three States
named in the interest of Monnonism.
Distinct shocks of earthquake were felt in
different sections of Kansas early on the morn
ing of the 8th inst The vibrations wore from
east to west, and were accompanied by a heavy,
dnii, rumbling sound. Buildings were consid
erably shaken, and the inmates, in some cases,
much alarmed, , but no damage was done.
The wbisky ring throughout the West is thor
oughly demoralized. In Chicago nearly all the
distillers bave been indicted and will soon be
brought to trial. The evidence against them is
said to be of a very positive character, and can
not fail to convict. The St Louis ring is com
pletely bursted. Some of the most prominent
citizens have been indicted, including William
McKee, of the Globe-Democrat, Constantino
Maguire, late Revenue Assessor, and others.
They have retained Dan Yoorhees and Ben
Butler for the defense. A review of the opera
tions of the St. Louis ring shows that during
the last few years they have defrauded the gov
ernment out of at least a million dollars an
nually. At 'Milwaukee a large number of dis
tillers are under indictment and the prosecu
tions will be pushed vigorously.
All the Italians, five in number, engaged in
the horrid butchery at Denver, Col., have been
arrested.' It is hoped they will be speedily
brought to justice. Hanging is too mild a pun
ishment for such inhuman monsters.
Small-pox prevails, to an alarming extent in
The Minneapolis (Minn.) Tribute has no less
than seven libel suits on its hands, tho damages
claimed aggregating $90,000.
- The steamship City of Waco was burned in
the gulf, near Galveston, Tex., on the morn
ing of the 9th inst She had juBt arrived from
New York, and was anchored outside the har
bor. The fire caught in a large quantity of
oil which composed part of the cargo, and
spread rapidly. The passengers and crew,
consisting of fifty persons, put off in the
steamer's boats. The wind at the time was
blowing a gale, and, as at last accounts nothing
had been beard of them, it is thought every
soul perished. The City of Waco was built at
Chester, Fa., was almost new, and was valued
at $250,000. ' The cargo was worth $100,000.
The Treasury Department has received, in
formation of the conviction of eighteen per
sons at Abingdon, Va., accused of illicit dis
tilling in that neighborhood. Over fifty addi
tional arrests have also been made for illicit
distilling in the Virginia mountain region, and
frauds against the government there are
in a fair way to be completely checked, as they
have already been in the West.
The wife, daughter and son of . Charles
Massy, living near Fordsville, Ky., recently
died from the effects of arsenic poison, which
some fiend threw into the family well.
The Commissioner of Internal Revenue lias
decided that under the statutes all inventions
for ageing spirits, when brought into use in
bonded warehouses, according to the proposi
tion made to the department constitute the
work of rectification and purification, and those
using such processes become rectiucra of spirits
and subject to taxation as such. ' ' '
During October 20,138,000 postal cards Were
famed by the Pootoffice Department the largest
issue by at lesat 5,000,000 ever made in the
A Washington telegram states that a large
number of spesial agents are umployed ii in
vestigating frauds in the pension business.
These frauds are ohiefiy in the West and there
is reason to believe, that the total amount of
money which the government is defrauded of
annually by this means is an enormous sum.
One of the special agents fixes the sum as high
as $2,000,000. ' He thinks that amount of
money is illegally paid out to persons claiming
o be pensioners. ' '
A Washington dispatch says it is now certain
that three topics, at least will be largely dwelt
npon by the President in his coming meesag
to Congress. Thece three topics will embrace
thepublio h ihool question, the finances and
the condition of - affairs in Cuba. It is said he
will urge, as he has done heretofore, the jus
tice of recognizing the rights of the belligerent
Cubans; will come out strongly against the de
mands of Catholicism; and will take advanced
ground in favor of an immediate return to spe
The Poetoffiee Department has ruled that
where a postal card is to be sent through the
mails a second time, a eent stamp is not
enough to secure its transmission. If must
carry letter postage, i
The report of the Commissioner of the Gen
eral Land-Office is likely to create a sensation.
He devotes much space to the manner in which
railroads have obtained and used their land
grants, and especially criticises what is called
the California Land Ring.
Asst Atty.-Gen. Spence, of the Poetoffiee De
partment has decided that it is proper to exclude
from the mails postal-cards containing offensive
expressions and allegations calculated arid in
tended to wound the feelings of the Rev.' Henry
Ward Beecher. The latter appealed to the Po t-
office Department for protection against indigni-'
ties through the medium, of postal-oards, sent
through the mails.
Vice-President Wilson bad a sudden and seri
ous attack of illness a few days ago, but is now
Dr. Isaac I. Hayes, the well-known Arctic
explorer, was elected to the New York Legisla
ture on the Republican ticket, at the recent
election in that State. -
The complete vote for Governor in Iowa at
the late election was as follows: For Kirk
wood, Sep., 125,069 ; for Leffler, Dem., 93,324.
Kirkwood's majority, 81,715. There was a
scattering Temperance vote of a few hun
dreds. - Ex-Senator Pease, of Mississippi, who has
lately held the Postmastership at Vicksborg,
has been dismissed from the office.
The full vote of Massachusetts on Governor,
at the recent election, is as follows : Gaston,
Dem., -78,246; Bice, Rep., 83,523; Baker,
Temp., 8,905; Adams, Ind., 1,774; Ph'llips,
Labor Reform, 301. . .
Full official returns of the Pennsylvania
election give Hartrauft Rep., majority of
The people of Missouri have ratified- their
new Constitution by a majority of -upward of
75,000 votes. . - ...
- There is much speculation among Washing
ton politicians as to the chances for the Speak
ership. It is' generally conceded that the race
is narrowed down to two candidates M. C.
Kerr, of Indiana, and Sam Randall, of Penn
sylvania, with the chanoes decidedly in favor
of the first named. -
The colored cadet from Mississippi, who has
been causing so much trouble at the Annapolis
Naval Academy, has been dismissed from the
Academy by the Secretary of the Navy.
Arrangements have been perfected by which
through bills of lading and through tickets for
passengers are to be issued from all leading
European cities to China, Japan, Australia,
and New Zealand, via New York and San Fran
cisco, and vice versa, - , -U - -
The steamship Pacific, which sailed from Vio-1
toria, Vancouver's Island, for San Francisco, on
Thursday morning, Nov. 4, was wrecked the
same evening, forty miles south of Cape Flat
ten. The ill-fated vessel had on board 108
persons, only one of whom escaped. The sur
vivor, Henry L. Jelly, saved himself by clinging
to the pilot-house of the wrecked steamer, and
was picked up a day or two afterward by a pass
Charles Reade's delightful romance of "Foul
Play" has its counterpart in a thrilling tale re
ported from New York. On a lonely island of
the West Indian group four bodies were re
cently seen by sea-faring men. Who they
were, how long they had watched, what
their presence there meant is not revealed.
Advices from Boston report that the brigs J.
W. Spencer and Toronto, and the schooners
Moses Patten, Nettie Chase and Serene, were
lost with all on board, during the terrible hur
ricane which recently caused so much damage
in the West Indies.
Details of the foundering of the steamer
Pacific, on the Pacific coast show that the
catastrophe was of a more lamentable nature
than was at first reported. There were on
the vessel at the time of the disaster two hun
dred souls, and only two persons, so far as
known, live to tell the sad story.
Isaac P. Tice, the well-known inventor, is
The General Missionary Convention of the
Methodist Episcopal Church of the United
States held its annual session at New York last
week, all the members being present except
Bishops Foster and Haven. The treasurer's
report allowed a balance on Nov. 1, 1874, of
$13,288; receipts during the year, $662,485;
expenditures, $721,800, leaving the debt of the
treasury at $46,000. . Besides this there are
letters of credit for foreign missions amount
ing to $139,132, making the real debt $185,562.
A Constantinople dispatch says the Russian
Ambassador has had a long interview with the
Sultan. He represented to him the maladmin
istration of the country, the discontent of the
population, the dilapidation of the finances,
and the consequent urgency of reform.
The members of the Franco-American Union
in Paris gave a grand banquet at the Hotel du
Louvre recently. Two hundred and fifty
guests sat down to the table, and M. do
Laboulaye, the distinguished jurisconsult and
member of the Assembly, presided. Speeches
were delivered byMiniBter Waebborne and Col.
Forney, who promised the hearty co-operation
of America in the project started by French
citizens to erect a monument in New York har
bor, in commemoration of the 100th annivers
ary of the independence of the United States.
The Prince of Wales has arrived safely in
India, where ho was enthusiastically received.
The Emperor of Germany made a speech the
other day on the occasion of receiving the
President of Parliament, in which be laid stress
on the eminently peaceful aspect of affairs.
Though til Bosnian difficulty was Btill un
solved, he expressed himself as perfectly con
fident of a peaceful nettlement of that question,
A letter to the London Time from Berlin
states that as a result of the oonfsrencea in
Vienna, the powers, Jiave determined to ask
Turkey whether she has any guarantees to
offer for the fulfillment of her often-broken
promises of reform. ' .
Additional letters have been received at Lon
don from Henry M. Stanley, in Africa, which
are described as exceedingly interesting. They
fully confirm Sheke's views that the great Vic
toria Niyanza is one body of water, and not an
aggregation of lakes, as held by Livingstone. ,
The notorious Mordaunt divoroe case has
been brought to an end in the courts of En
gland, Sir Charles Mordaunt having been
granted a decree of divorce. ' .
Advices from Penang, India, announce that
the mutilated remains of Mr. Biroh, the late
English resident at Perak, have been recovered
after a sharp engagement vith the Malayans.
A general outbreak was feared, and Hong
Kong bad been telegraphed to for trobps.
-The French Assembly, has,- by an almost
unanimous vote, adopted an amendment to the
electoral bill allowing half-yearly -residents to
The New York flmifd prists a telegraphic
synopsis of, Henry M. Stanley's latest letters
from the interior of Africa. The intrepid ex
plorer had Bcveral conflicts with slave-dealers on
Victoria Lake. On one occasion he was attacked
by 100 natives, armed with spears, in thirteen
canoes, who were repulsed after a severe fight
Three natives were, kilted. He arrived at
the Utesal bunting-camp at Nisaynra, April
12, where the King directed extraordinary fes
tivities and displays. One feature was a naval
review on the lake of eighty-four canoes,
manned by 2,500 men. On the second day, in
addition to the naval, maneuvers, there were
races, in which eighty-four canoes' were en
gaged, each propelled by thirty oarsmen, the
King leading the fleet personally in the pres
ence of a great crowd of on-lookera, including
the 300 wives of the KiBg.- 'On the third day
there was bird-shooting and target-practice by
3,000 troops, and on the fourth day he returned
to Mteeas, the capital. This , King has 2,000,
000 of subjects. He is a Mussselman, has
great-intelligence, and bis dominion affords
the best augury for the possible civilization of
Africa. " '
The November Elections—Verdict of the
People in the Various States—A General
Summarv ot the Result.
Elections were held in eleven States an Tues
day, Nov. as follows: Illinois, Kansas,
Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missis
sippi, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Vir
ginia and Wisconsin. We present below a
brief summary of the result in the several
States: - ------
' In New York the entire Democratic ticket,
as given below, was elected by 10, 000 to 15,000
Secretary of State John Bigolow. - '
Comptroller Lucius Robinson.
Treasurer Charles N. Ross,
Attorney-General Charles 8. Fairchild.
Engineer and Surveyor J. D. Van Buren.
Canal Commissioner Chris. A. Walrath.
Prison Inspector Bodney B. Crowley.
The Republicans bave secured a majority in
both branches of the Legislature.
In the city of New York the entire Tammany
cicket was defeated by an alliance of Republi
cans and anti-Tammany Democrats. John Mor
rissey, anti-Tammany, was elected to the State
Senate over John Fox, in the Fourth District
com priding the lower section of the city. The
Brooklyn ring, headed by "Boss" McLaughlin,
was also routed the Republican ticket aided
by the honest Democrats, being elected by a
large majority, although the Democratic State
ticket carried the city by over 6,000. In New
York and Brooklyn, as in Chicago, it was a bad
day for rings.
The Republican State ticket, headod by John
F. Hartrauft (present incumbent), is elected in
Pennsylvania by about 20,000 majority.
In Massachusetts the entire Republican State
ticket is elected by a majority of 6,000. The
following are the newly-elected State officials :
- Governor Alei. H. Kiee.
Lieutenant-Governor Horatio G. Knight. -
Secretary Henry B. Pierce.
Treasurer Charles Endicott.
Auditor Julius L. Clarke.
Attorney-General Charles B. Train.
Congress, one year William W. Crapo.
The Legislature, is largely Republican.
The Republicans carried Minnesota by a ma
jority of about 10,000. Appended is a lint of
the officers elected :
Governor John S. Pillsbnry.
Lieutenant-Governor John B. Wakefield.
Secretary John 8. Irgens.
Auditor O. P. Wbitcomb
Treasure!' William Pfaender.
Chief-Justice James Gilfillan.
Attorney-General George P. Wilson.
Clerk of the Supreme Court Samuel H.
Railroad Commissioner Wm. B. Marshall.
The contest in Wisconsin was very close.
Ludington, Republican, is elected Governor by
a very small majority. The vote on minor
State offices is almost evenly balanoed, and it
will probably require the official count to deter
mine who are elected.
In this State all the candidates on the Demo
cratic ticket, as printed below, were elected by
a large majority :
Governor John Lee Carroll.
Comptroller Levin Woodford.
. 'Attorney-General Charles J. M. Gwynn. :
The erection in New Jersey was for members
of the Senate and Assembly. The Republicans
were successful in securing a majority of both.
NEW JERSEY. MISSISSIPPI.
In Mississippi the people elected a State
Treasurer, members of the Fotty-fourth Con
gress and a State Legislature. The Democratic
candidate for Treasurer and all the Democratic
candidates for Congress, with, possibly one ex
ception, are elected. Both branches of the
Legislature are also Democratic which insures
a Democratic United States Senator to succeed
James L. Alcorn.
In Kansas the electors chose a State Legisla
ture and county officers. Thb Republicans
elected more than two-thirds of the members
of the Legislature, and the oounty officers gen
erally are of the same persuasion.
- The eleotion in Vinrinia was also for mem
bers of the Legislature. A majority of those
chosen are Democrats.
Not Afraid of the Devil.
A colored man named Nelson is owing
a butcher on Beaubien street five or six
dollars, and after trying in vain to col
lect the money, the butcher and a friend
pnt their heads together the other night
and laid a plan. About midnight they
called at Nelson's house, and .he was
awakened by a rap on the window. ,
"Who's dar?" he called ont
"The Devil!" solemnly replied the
"Yon is, hey?"
"Yes. I want you I"
"What fur J"
" Ton refuse to pay your butcher, and
I am sent to tike yon to the bottomless
" I am ! Come forth at once !"
" Ize comin' !" replied the negro as he
jumped out of bed ; I can't pay dot six
dollars half as easy in any odder way,
an' de old woman is so mighty cross I'ze
glad to get away from home.
The butcher and Iris friend didn't wait
for Mr. Nelson to come out Detroit
Free Press. -
There is a weather prophet of great
reputation (his name is Cfesar) who in--forms
the people of Guilford, Conn.,
that the tirst snow will fall Nov. 21.
THE ORIGINAL THIRTEEN.
The Navy During the Revolution.
A feature of the Centennial next year
will be the exhibition of memorials of
the past and evidence of the present
condition of the navy of the United
States.- The navy has. been usually a
great subject of national interest yet
after the close of the war under the Con
federation, and until the Dey of Algiers
taught the United. States the necessity
of maintaining a navy for the defense of
the' commercial marine, the nation had
practically no navy. - The navy of the
-Uevolunon was disbanded at the close of
the war; the officers (rave up their com
missions; the few public -vessels that re
mained were sold. Several of the States
maintained small cruisers, with the con
sent of Congress. Each State had its
own Custom House and levied its own
duties, being only restricted by the pro
visions of treaties made by Congress.
James Fennimore Cooper has given in
his naval history such facts as can be
gathered relative to the heroic, navy of
the Revolution. During the last year or
two of the war it had dwindled almost
to nothing. This was in part dne to the
fact that its place was taken by the
French, and in part to the circumstance
that the British navy so increased its
protection of transports and merchant
vessels that prizes became infrequent
And the assertion of sovereignty on the
seas was not yet thought of, while inde
pendence on tho land was not secured.
From Cooper's history we draw some
interesting memoranda. In December,
1775, Congress passed an act ordering
the building of 13 vessels, three of 24
guns, five of 28, and 'five of 32. Of
these, the Randolph, 32, built in Philadel
phia, was blown np in an action with the
British ship Yarmouth, 6i guns, in 1778.
Three other vessels were built in Phila
delphia, the Washington, 32, the Effing
ham, 28, amd the Delaware, 24 The
first two were destroyed by the British
army, in the Delaware, in 1778, without
getting to sea, and the Delaware was
captured, in tne Uelaware river in 1777.
Of the other nine vessels, the fate was as
follows: The Warren, 32, was burned in
the Penobscot river, in 1779, to prevent
her falling into the enemy's hands. The
Congress, 28, and the Montgomery, 28,
were destroyed in the Hudson river in
1777, with the same object never having
been to sea. The Hancock, 32, was cap
tured by the British in 1777; the Raleigh,
32, and the Virginia, 28, were captured
in 1778, and the Trumbull, 28, in 1781.
In each case the surrender was a neces
sity from the disparity of force. The
Virginia, never having been to sea, was
captured by a squadron off the Capes of
tbe Delaware. The Providence, 28, nd
tne Boston, 21, fell into the hands of the
British at the capture of Charleston, 8.
C, in 1780.
Such is the story in very brief terms
of the "original thirteen" vessels ordered
by the Congress of the Thirteen United
Colonies, 1775. Not one of them sur
vived in the possession of the Colonies
to the close of the war. Probably a
gloomy inference would nave been drawn
from this fact, if the navy had not been
kept np by the supplies of other vessels.
About ten vessels of a force ranging
from 24 (runs down to 10, and two even
smaller, were purchased and fitted out
as cruisers, while the "thirteen" were
Why and When Lamp's Explode.
All explosions of coal-oil lamps are
caused by the vapor or gas that collects
in tne space above tne oil. vv hen lull
of oil, of course a lamp contains no gts,
but immediately on lighting the lamps,
consumption of oil begins, soon leaving
a space for gas, which commences to
form as the lamp warms up, and, after
burning a short tame, sufficient gas will
accumulate to form an explosion. The
gas in a lamp will explode only when
ignited. In this respect it is like gun
powder. Cheap or inferior oil is always
the most dangerous.
The flame is communicated to the gas
in the following manner: The wick
tube in all lamp burners is made larger
than the wick which is to pass through
it It would not do to have the wick
work tightly in the burner; on the con
trary, it is essential that it move up and
down with perfect ease. In this way
it is unavoidable that space in the tube
is left along the sides of the wick suffi
cient for the flame from the burner to
pass down into the lamp and explode
the gas. .
Many things may occur to cause tbe
flame to pass down the wick and explode
1. A lamp may be standing on a table
or mantel, and a slight puff of air from
the open window, or the sudden open
ing of a door, cause au explosion.
2. A lamp may be taken up quickly
from a table or mantel and instantly ex
3. A lamp is taken into an entry where
there is a draft, or out of doors, and an
explosion ensues. . ;
i. A lighted lamp is taken np a flight
of stairs, or is raised quickly to place it
on the mantel, resulting in an explosion.
In all these cases the mischief is done by
the air movement either by suddenly
checking the draft, or forcing air down
the chimney against the flame. . .
5. Blowing down the chimney to ex
tinguish the light is a frequent cause of
i 6. Lamp explosions have been caused
by using a chimney broken off at the top,
or one that has a piece broken out,
whereby the draft is variable and the
7. Sometimes a thoughtless ' person
puts a small-sized wick in a larger burner,
thus leaving considerable space along
the edges of the wick.
8. An old burner, with its air-drafts
clogged up, which rightfully should be
thrown away, is sometimes continued in
use, and tne final result is an explosion.
"Come and See Me."
A writer says: Never take " Come and
see me'' as a phrase meant in earnest un
less it be accompanied with a date. Such
an invitation amounts to nothing at all.
If a ladv or eentleman desires vour com
pany he or she will appoint a time for
your visit . " Call on me when yon can
make it convenient" "Drop in as you
are passing," " Make us a visit whenever
yoa have an hour or two to spare," are
sooii ambiguities by which men and
women of the world understand that they
are not expected to do the thing request
ed. When people wish to be cheaply
polite there is nothing like this kind of
vagueness. The complimentary, small
change of society must always be taken
at a large discount- It is never worth
its face or anvthincr like it Yet it is a
convenient medium of exchange, and
heavy debts of gratitude that ought to be
sequited in better corn are often paid
with it People who have more polish
than 'principle use it lavishly plain.
Wnnt honest men, sparingly or not at
all. Whoever makes a friendly visit to
a fashiouabie house on the strength of a
mere " Comn and see me," will very
often find that the family circle he has
dropped into by request is as un genial
as the Arctic circle, and he will probably
leave it with a chilly feeling that will
prevent him from venturing into the
same high latitude again. But when a
whole-souled man, whom yon know to
be your friend, grasps yon vigorously by
the hand and says, "Come and dine with
me to-day dinner on the table at 5
o'clock ie sure to come we shall ex
pect yon," you can take it as certain
that your presence is warmly desired.
It is pleasant always to make or receive
a visit from a friend, but a nod on the
street is all sufficient from a fashionable
The Tammany Defeat in New York.
The most sharply contested part of
the recent canvass in New York was
the municipal fight in the metropolis.
It assumed the character of a contest
between the Tammany, or regular De
mocracy, and the anti-Tammany Democ
racy, reinforced by the Republicans ;
and the result is the defeat of Tammany
the second overwhelming that power
has met with in five years. It will be
remembered that John Morrissey, the
pugilist, broke with Tammany several
weeks ago, and declared war against it,
becoming the recognized champion of
an clement that was nicknamed the
"short-hair" Democracy, in contradis
tinction from the " swallow-tail" respect
ability which clung to the wigwam. In
the mixture of nominations, Morrissey
became candidate lor State Senator in
the Fourth District, supported by the
Evening Post and the Times, against
John Fox, the regular Democratic nomi
nee. The fight between Morrissey and
Fox was one of the sharpest features in
the municipal struggle. That between
Recorder Hackett the anti-Tam
many candidate for Recorder, and
his Tammany , opponent, ' Frederick
Smyth, was another. There was
no Republican ticket in the
field, the Republicans contenting them
selves with supporting the insurgent
Democratic ticket for the purpose of in
flicting a defeat en the Tammany De
mocracy. John Kelly, whose name ap
peared so frequently and conspicuously in
the literature of the campaign " Hon
est John Kelly," as he was called by his
friends, and " Boss -Holly, as lie was
named by his opponents was not a
candidate for any office; he was simply
Chairman of the Tammany committee on
organization, which had charge of the
campaign, it was charged by his oppo
nents, and evidently believed by tne cit
izens, that Kelly aspired to become suc
cessor to Tweed, with authority to use
the great irresponsible power of the
Dartv after the fashion of the first boss.
Be that as it may, the great personal au
thority of Morrissey, and the somewhat
higher order of popularity of Recorder
Hackett, supported by the Republican
minority, have carried the anti-Tammany
St. Louis Republican.
A Peculiar Newspaper.
London has a large weekly newspaper
called tbe Obituary, devoted, as its title
shows, to obituary notices and mortuary
Erocecdings. It has an immense circu
ition and columns of splendid advertise
ments. Undertakers who get up funer
als in every variety; crernationista, em
balmers, vault-makers, and grave-diggers
all have their say in its columns, while
the makers of humble tombstones and
the 8culptorsof gorgeous monuments are
ready to decorate the last home of man.
Crape makers, manufacturers of all sorts
of funeral appliances, and especially
mourning man tan makers, claim the at
tention of the afflicted to their special
Wills of distinguished individuals are
given, and lost wills advertised; tne
cards of attorneys drilled in probate
matters, and advertisements for absent
heirs, make np a portion of its patronage.
The reading matter is all suited to tne
subject, while the obituary notices form
a staple item, and if necessary choice no
tices are written by distinguished writers
for the afflicted friends and relations, so
as to move them to appropriate grief and
lead them to gentle consolation.
Many people are afflicted with a mor
bid love for such reading, and to them
this paper furnishes the choicest matter.
A travel throutrh its columns is like a
solemn promenade through a splendid
graveyard, with a naif dozen tunerais in
sight, with the truthful utterances of the
epitaphs thrown in.
It takes all sorts of people to make a
world, and there are those who strive to
please each sort of people. The London
Obituary has a serious ; mission to fill,
and it seems determined to fill it
Though devoted to the dead, and some-
wnai sepnicnrai in its tone auu senti
ments, it is evidently a thoroughly live
The Song of the Shirt.
An anecdote, which Mark Lemon loved
to tell, related to the period when Tom
Hood became a contributor to Punch.
Looking over his letters one morning,
he opened an envelope inclosing a poem
which the writer said had been rejected
by three contemporaries. If not thought
available for Punch, he begged the edi
tor, whom he knew but slightly, to con
sign it to the waste-paper basket, as the
author was "sick at the sight of it"
The poem was signed " Tom Hood," and
the lines were entitled " The Song of the
Shirt" The work was altogether differ
ent from anything that had ever appeared
in Punch, aiyl was considered so much
out of keeping with the spirit of the pe
riodical that at the weekly meeting its
publication was opposed by several
members of the staff. Mark Lemon was
so firmly impressed, not only with the
beauty of the work, bnt with its suita
bility for the paper, that he stood by hif
first decision and published it. By a
letter written by Tom Hood to Mark
Lemon, which we have for the moment
mislaid, it appears that the question of
illustrating the poem was entertained
and discussed. The lines, however, were
published without illustration, except
that humorous border of grotesque fig
ures which made up " Punch's Proces
sion " on Dec. 16, 1843. " The Song oi
the Shirt " trebled the sale of the paper
and created a profound sensation
throughout Great Britain.
There is a remarkable waiter at a
hotel in Antwerp. He waits at table
with great attention and receives the
smallest fee with gratitude, yet he has
hanging tip in one of the rooms of the
same hotel pictures worth at least $150,
000. Amonar them are works of Teniers,
Vandyke, and other famous artists, all
undoubted originals. He has been of
fered 810.000 for one Holv Family and
6,000 for another picture, but he is deaf
to all inducements to sell. He will show
his pictures to visitors only after a formal
introduction, and then he shows them
with dignity aud talks about them with
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
I3w.lt m.js 1
j2 Oo!t3 00lt4
m-M m. 13 m.
O iS 00
W8 OOttlO 00
Slnches . ..
4 OOl 6 OOilO 00
13 00 15 00
J W I UH t tO
9 00111 60:
11 00'lS 00
15 00 18 00
17 60 30 00
25 00 30 08
40 00 60 00
75 00 100 00
It 00 30 00
20 00 30 00
M 00; 00
Bnataeas eards of are Unaa or learn, $3 per annum.
Local noticea 10 oenta per line each iiuartion.
Simple announcements of marriagea and deatha-.
md ehorch and benevolant ocirty notices inserted
free. Any additions to obituary nouses will
charged 5 eents per line.
favor nun be handed in aa early as Tuesday
morning to insure lnw-rtioo the same week.
Communications upon subjects of general or lo
cal interest are solicited.
HOLD YOUR HEAD UP LIKE A MAN.
If the atormy winds should mutlfl
While you tread the world'e highway,
8tiU againBt them bravely tuahle,
Hope and labor day by day ;
Falter not, no matter whether
There is aunabine, storm, or calm
.And to every kind of weather
... Bold your bead np like a roan.
- If a brother should deceive' you
And should act a traitor's part,
Sever let his treason grieve you, ;
Jog along with lightsome heart.
Fortune seldom follows uwning, - -
Boldness is the better plan.
Hoping for a better dawning
Bold your head np like a man.
Earth, though e'er so rich and mellow.
Yields not for the worthless drutte.
But the bold and honest fellow,
He can shift and stand alone : ,
Spurn the knave of every nation,
Alwaya do the best you can.
And no matter what your elation
Hold your head up like a man.
Wit and Humor.
A very small man, wearing a very
large Ulster, is spoken of by his friends
as "playing the role of a sore thumb."
Somebody stole a lot of tarts from a
bakery in Concord the other day ; and
now tne baker is lecturing on Lost Arts.
Geobos " I say, Tom, do take care !
You nearly shot my father dead 1" Tom
" Sh ! don't say anything, there's a
good fellow t Take a shot at mine 1"
See here. Mr. Hauscr crawled into a
sewer in Dubuque while drunk, and was
smothered in the mud. Would you call
that whiskyedde, sewercide or muddcr ?
Conversation between Cincinnati
young ladies " She's the most disagree
able young girl I ever saw." " Yes, and
the proudest though her father packed
only a 100 hogs last year."
A miser in the river feU ; the wave
Ban high. A fisherman, his life to aave
Sprang in, and cried, " Give me your hand,
And 1 will draw you safely to the land."
Tbe miser, shuddering at the hateful sound.
Muttered, " I never give," and so was drowned.
From tke Gemun.
A hah- splitting rails in Texas with
stolen tools was killed, a while ago, by
a rebounding wedge, and still, in the
face of this awful example, there are
people 'who forget the statement that
"the wedges of sin is death." St.
At Portland, Me., a young man re
cently found that his wife was becoming
too fond of another, but, npon remon
strating with her, she left the house and
eloped with a third man, a railroad con
ductor, and, the other day, the deserted
husband and lover were seen shaking
hands and condoling with each other.
A Texas Judge is credited wilh tho
following decision : " The fact is, Jones,
the jail is an old, rickety affair, as cold
as an iron wedge. Yoa applied to this
court for a release on bail, giving it as
your opinion that yon would freeze to
death there. The weather has not mod
erated, and to keep you from freezing I
will direct the Sheriff to hang you at i
this afternoon." .
As Ohio man visiting his friends in
Detroit not long since, and being invited
to accompany -the family to church, dis
appeared from the house about 9 o'clock
and did not return for about an hour. To
excuse his absence, he exclaimed : " I
wanted lo be prepared when they came
around with tho contribution box, and
I've walked more'n a mile to get a nicklc
changed !" Detroit Free Press.
An evangelist was enforcing the duty
of constant prayer npon a select com
pany of sinners, when' one of them arose
and frankly confessed that he prayed
twice a year. " I'm glad to hear that
yon prayed at all," said the good man,
"bnt twice a year is not enough."
Can t Help it, replied tne Drotnor,
" I always pray until the cholera season
is over, and don't begin again until tho
base ball season sen in.
A citizen of Hieh street left town with
his wife four or five days ago for a short
country trip, and the oldest boy, a youtn
of 13, was instructed to hail some farmer
and contract for a winter's supply of po
tatoes. When the father returned tne
boy met him at the gate, saying : "I've
got them 'taters, pal" "How many?"
"Ninety bushels in the cellar now and
forty more coming to-morrow!" replied
the exultant bov. Detroit Free Press.
The Newspaper as a Detective.
The character of a detective is one in
which the press is coming to figure quite
frequently. Scarcely a day passes that
does not see brought to hght by them
some new knavery or piece of villainy.
One of the best instances of what a
newspaper may do in this line was re
cently presented by the New York Her
ald, during the investigation of police
One morning a former policeman is
examined.' He makes certain charges,
affecting some half dozen members of
the ponce force, a prominent Judge, and
one of the Nathan brothers in sub
stance, that an Irishman had been ar
rested by him, haying in his possession
a black bag containing a bloody coat and
some burglar's tools; that certain circum
stances pointed strongly to this man as
the probable murderer of Mr. Nathan,
and to his having been assisted by one
of Mr. Nathan's sons; that the Irishman
had been dismissed without being
brought np .for a proper examination;
that he (the policeman) had been threat
ened with dismission from the force if
he did not let the matter drop; and that
all this trifling with justice had been
brought about by the persons already al
No sooner was the evidence of th s
man written out than it was sent to the
Herald office and set np in type, and a
dozen proof-slips printed off.
These were given to as many reporters,
with instructions to visit all the parties
implicated, and "take down what they
had to say about it
The next mornings paper presented
the evidence in full. and. immediately
following it, the interviews held with
each of the parties concerned. -
The matter was sprung so suddenly
that no one had time to communicate
with the other and agree upon a story,
and so had either to tell the truth or run
the risk of having one story told by him
self and another story told by his con
federate. To say that tho stories told
were somewhat diverse, would be ex
pressing it very mildly.
One denied the blood on the coat; an
other, not only the blood, but the coat;
while a third even went so far as to bo
unable to recollect not only the black
bag, the blood, the coat, but even the
man himself. A fourth, more truthful,
acknowledged the arrest of the man, the
coat and the blood stains, but denied
that there was any evidence to connect
the man -with the Nathan murder.
What use was made of- this evidence,
it is not necessary to discuss; but tho
ruaun-r in which it was obtained gives a
fair illustration of what it is within the
power of the press to accomplish in tho
role of defective. Cincinnati Commercial,
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