Newspaper Page Text
THE WAR DEPARTMENT.
Abstract of the Annual Report of Secretary
Belknap on the Operations of the Department
for the Fiscal Year Ending
June 30, 1875.
Ma. President: I am gratified to be able
to state that since my last annual report a
marked improTement has taken plaee in
the morale of the service. The army is now
reduced to 25,000 men. Recruiting was re
lumed in November, 1874, for the purpose
of keeping up the standard number, and
under a careful system in the selection of
a superior quality. The number of deser
tions has been largely reduced, being about
2,100 less than during the previous year,
while the number of re-enlistments has in
creased nearly threefold. The state of con
tentment thus shown is due, in a great
me isure, to the excellent system of pay es
tablished, which is now graduated by length
of service, and affords the soldier an op
portunity to deposit his savings with the
government and receive interest for the
same until the end of his term.
The desertions for the fiscal year ending
June 30, 1874, were 4,606 ; of re-enlistments,
699; the number of sergeants re-enlisted,
149. The desertions for the fiscal year end
ing June 30, 1875, were 2,512; re-enlistments,
1,986; sergeants re-enlisted, 347. No
better evidence can be furnished of the im
proved condition of the service than by pre
sentation ot uie loregoing ngures.
Notwithstanding the policy which dis
eouraees. with limited expectations, the en
listment of married men, a large number of
them succeed by fraudulent representations
in entering tbe army. Their presence mere
prove often a source of embarrassment to
military discipline, as it is of injury to their
families. The destitution of the latter leads
to desertions, and is then urged upon the
executive as ground for the extension ol
clemency to the offenders. The conviction
is entertained that this growing evil might
in a large degree be corrected by appropri
ate legislation. Under existing regulations,
except in cases of re-enlistment, the soldier
on enlisting makes a solemn written decla
mation that he has " neither wife nor child,"
and it is believed that a law requiring him
to verify such declaration by oath, and pre
scribing a severe punishment for falsely
taking this oath, would do much toward the
repression of what has come to be a chronic
demoralization, followed by deplorable re
sults alike to the service and to the families
thus abandoned by their heads and natural
In pursuance of the acts of Congress ap
proved respectively June 3, 1874, and March
3, 1875, authorizing the construction and
operation of telegraphic lines in the interior
and upon the frontier, connecting military
Sosta, and for the protection of the popu
itions from Indian and other depredations,
omcers ana enlisted men 01 tne signal serv
ice have been detailed for the construction
and operation of the lines, and have entered
upon their duties. The work of construction
has been in great part done under the gen
eral direction of officers of the Sienal Serv
ice, by additional details furnished by de
partment commanders, xne lines in Ari
zona from the Texas frontier and in the In
dian Territory, already partly constructed,
are approaching completion. Permanent
benefit will result from the connection of
military posts by telegraph, and will greatly
increase the protection of frontier villages
upon the lines, and the country through
which they pass.
The construction of ninety-three new
buildings has been authorized during the
year, at an estimated cost of $301,278, and
an expenditure of $407,551 has been author
ized for repairs to buildings, construction
and repairs ot cisterns, and other works.
Plans for the construction of a new post
1 on the North Fork of the Loupe river, au
thorized by act of Jnne 16, 1874,'to be known
as Fort Hartsnff, have been approved ; also
plans for log buildings for winter quarters
for troops stationed near Bed -Cloud and
Whetstone Agencies, for which -Congress
appropriated $30,000 by act of Jnne 30, 1874.
The work of care and improvement of
National cemeteries has been satisfactorily
performed during the year. Inclosing walls
have been completed at nine cemeteries.
Eleven still require walls. Four lodges have
been completed during the year; thirteen
are yet to be built. The amount expended
lor uus and ether necessary work dunne
the year was $J31,387.25.
Under the authority conferred by the act
of Congress approved February 10, 1875,
for the relief of persons from the ravage of
grasshoppers, the appropriation was placed
under the charee of officers of the Sub
sistence Department, with instructions for
the purchase and issue of food to the suf
ferers within the respective military depart
ments. . During the period when destitution
from the cause referred to was greatest, one
million nine hundred and fifty-seven thou
sand one hundred and eight rations were
issued to sixty-three thousand five hundred
and ninety-three adults, and forty-three
thmifUUld ninA- Vi n n rl mil and fnrv.turn
children under twelve years of age, residing
in the State of Minnesota, Nebraska, Iowa,
and Kansas, and the Territories of Dakota
and Colorado. Of the sum of $150,000-p-propriated
by Congress, $132,887.69 was dis
bursed for the purpose contemplated by the
act, and $5,112.31 was returned to the Treas
ury. A full and detailed report of these
issues will hereafter be submitted, in com
- piiaaee with the act of Congress npon the
In connection with the progress of work
in the Army Medical Museum, attention is
invited to the efforts that have been made in
previous years to place its catalogue before
the scientific world, where its usefulness
would be very great In two previous re
ports its publication was recommended, and
at the last session of Congress an appropria
tion to that end was voted in the House of
Representatives and favorably considered
in the Senate, but without final action.
Authority having been granted by Con
gress for the Congressional printer to print
and bind 5,000 additional copies of the
HesUeaLsuid Surgical History of the War,
the illustrations and composition for the
first part have been completed, and the
press-work and binding will doubtless be
finished before the assembling of the next
Congress. The progress npon other works
in preparation is fully stated in 1 he Surgeon
I again call the attention of Congress to
the recommendation contained in my last
'-annual report for the enactment of a system
of annuities for the families of deceased
officers, by voluntary deductions from the
monthly pay of those holding commissions
in the army. Certainly if private compa
nies can make money by an annuity system,
it is in the power of the government at least
to render itself secure in extending similar
beneficent aid. It is proposed that this aid
shall be extended through the agency of the
government, without eventual expense to
the pnblic treasury. It is argued that the
money to be deducted under the operation
of the proposed scheme is worth to the gov
ernment a certain percentage of interest.
The well-settled principles governing life in
surance would be applicable to this plan,
and the annuity tables would be prepared
by the most careful and critical calculations.
The science of probabilities has reached
great precision in those computations enter
ing into life insurance, but after certain ta
bles had been used twenty years, more or
leas, corrections could be made if they were
found deficient, which would moie perfectly
accomplish the object of the scheme, viz :
the rendering of substantial assistance to
the families of deceased officers of the
army, without actual expense to the govern
ment. The works for the defense of onr sanhiar1
under the Engineer Department, have pro-
uicawu Muaacwriiy, ana as rapidly as the
means provided would admit. The clan f
works, adopted in 1869, are heavy earth bat-
uorougniy protected, and arranged
for guns and mortars suitable to resist the
attack of the most powerful imn-clnHu Al
ready some of the positions selected, partlc-
wux larger commercial ports, have
a large proportion of their gun positions pre
pared. In the improvement of the Missisainni
river the want of a detailed and accurate
survey has Ions been felt. The need of
such a survey is becoming more and more
urgent from year to year, as engineering im
provements in aid of commerce become
necessary. The partial surveys of detached
puruuua ux uic nver wnicn nave Irom time
to time been made for special improvements
are not sufficient for the discussion of plans
for protecting the river against floods (a
question which is now of much importance),
or for other general engineer improvements,
which should be based on detailed maps,
exhibiting not only the condition of the
river at the time of the survey, bnt giving
the means of discovering future changes.
The organization and instruments of the
lake survey furnish the means of making the
survey of the river accurately and econom
ically, and I recommend that the work be
placed in its hands.
The estimates of the Chief of Engineers
are submitted separately, as presented by
that officer, viz:
Fortifications and other works of defense. f 2,Mi,M0
X-UOUC DIUMUUKB Kl gTOUUUfl UQ T 11811-
ington Aqueduct 714,471
Engineer dVpot at WiUet's Point, N. Y (5,000
Improvement of Riven and Harbors.-.. 14,801,100
For several years past I have called atten
tion to the necessity of an increase in the
annual appropriation for arming and equip
ping the militia, and a mere reference to its
importance to the interests of the whole
country is now mane, ine annual appro
priation of $200,000 was made in 1808, when
the population was about eight millions. At
we present time, wiui uiuitiiivii ui u.vra
forty millions, the amount appropriated is
still the same, and it is impossible for this
department to meet all the demands made
npon it by the States and Territories. If it
De the intention and aesire ot congress, as
expressed in the act of 1808, to provide
"arms for the whole body of the militia of
the United States," then the necessary means
ought to be supplied by largely increasing
the annual appropriation. The last official
report gives the aggregate strength of the
militia of the United States : Organized, 84,
724; unorganized, 3,701,977; and there is
little doubt that were " arms and military
equipments" more freely supplied, the or-
?tnized force would be largely augmented,
he hope is entertained that this may receive
the attention of the proper committee of
Congress, and that further legislation may
be had at its next session. The Secretary
recommends the retention of all the arsenals
east of the Mississippi, except those at Pikes
Tille, Maryland, Detroit and Columbus, as
essential for the necessities of the Ordnance
Department, unless the plan proposed by
the Board of Arsenals in 1874 is carried out.
He also recommends an appropriation for
the purchase of a site and erection of a
magazine tor tne storage oi gunpowuer.
The entire army has been supplied with
new rifles and carbines, caliber .45, and we
have now in store a reserve supply of these
arm! of twenty-six thousand. At the end of
the present fiscal year our reserve supply
may reach a total of forty thousand arms of
the new model and caliber about enough,
in ease of war. to arm one armv corps. Our
soldiers should be armed with the best
weapon that ingenuity and workmanship
can produce, and in our country, where
armies are to be improvised, made up on the
instant bv recruits from the anvil and the
nlow. the want of military discipline and
training should be much as possible com
pensated tor oy tne quality oi me weapon
the soldier is to use. Our arsenals should,
therefore, be well stocked at all times with
a large reserve supply of the best rifles and
The actual expenditures of the War
Department lor the Tear ending
ii,n an ia74 InHiiriin river ana
harbor improvements, were 14225,814 71
The same lor the last fiscal year, end-
ing June 30, 1875, were 41,277,t76 25
Showing a reduction et $1,018,939 43
The estimates for the military eetab
Ibhment lor the ensutDK fiscal year
ending June SO 1877, are $33,452,396 50
Those for the current fiscal year, end
ing June 30, 1476, were g,488,969 50
Being an increase of $963,427 CO
The appropriations for that purpose
for the current fiscal year, were $28,727,407 99
The report of the commanding General of
the Department of Texas contained detailed
information concerning the difficulties which
have created such excitement en the Lower
Bio Grande, where some of the most promi
nent officers and wealthy merchants of that
part of Mexico appear to be regularly en
gaged in fitting ont parties to plunder the
stock-ranches on this side of the river. Re
ports of murder in open day-light of several
influential citizens, including United States
officials and soldiers, and other dastardly
outrages on the part of these vagrant Mexi
cans, were made to the division commander,
who invites attention to the grave character
of the invasions, and the importance of
prompt and decisive measures on the part of
tne uovernment ior tneir suppression.
Many of the reports from that locality are
probably sensational in character, and are
believed to have been instigated by parties
whose personal interests would be subserved
by the presence of more troops on the
borders of Texas ; but many others are of
undoubted reliability, and measures have
been . instituted by the department com
mander, under orders from superior authori
ty, to preserve the integrity oi and enforce
a proper regard for the territory of the
Good progress has been made during the
year in the preparation of the official records
of the war of the rebellion, both in the Fed
eral and Confederate' branches. I have
placed the general supervision ot the com
pilation of these records in thacharge of the
Chief Clerk of the Department, who, under
my direction, has organized a sufficient force
of assistants, selected from those clerks who
are best acquainted with the arrangement of
the official papers on hand, and who are well
adapted to the work lor the purpose by ex
perience with department and army records.
Information has been received from dif
ferent sources that many private individuals
have in their possession important official
records, principally of the late Confederate
Government, which they are willing to dis
pose of for a consideration, but for the pur
chase of which there are no funds available
at the disposal of this department. Of
course these records are properly the prop
erty of the government, but it seems impos
sible to obtain the information necessary to
their recovery through the courts, or other
wise than purchase. No doubt is entertained
but that many of these papers contain data
that would enable the government to detect
many fraudulent claims, which could only
be proven to be such by the agency of these
papers, audit is recommended that Con
gress, by appropriate legislation, place this
department in a position to recover such as
properly belong to its files. As it now is,
these Confederate records are so incomplete
that the result of their compilation will ne
cessarily be very unsatisfactory to all con
cerned. On the 1st of March, 1872, an act wns passed
by Congress, dedicating and setting apart as
a public park, or pleasure-ground for the
benefit and enjoyment of the people, a large
tract of land in the Territories of Montana
and Wyoming, lying along the headwaters of
the Yellowstone. This includes and' em
braces that portion of the country alluded to
above, whose attractive localities and won
derful geysers were first discovered by Lieut.
Doane and the party which accompanied
him, in 1870.
Under the above named act of Congress,
this park is under the exclusive control of
the Secretary of the Interior, but it may not
be ont of place for me to state in this report
that it is the wish and desire of this depart
ment to unite with the Secretary of the In
terior in doing what is possible to be done
with the limited appropriation at hand for
opening and surveying this region, so ap
propriately called "Wonder-land." At pres
ent it can not be reached except by long and
tiresome travel, off from the usual route ; but
when railroads are built in that direction,
and when that region is opened to more
prompt communication, it will doubtless be
the resort each year of thousands of those
who will seek to visit it.
The curiosities of the park are rapidly be
ing destroyed. How they can be preserved
is a problem, bnt they should be saved ; and
if authority were given to the War Depart
ment to make a survey of the routes alluded
to, and to station one or two companies of
troops in or near the park for the purpose
of preventing spoliation, which will other
wise frequently occur, I have no doubt that
the resnt would be satisfactory. Surely
everything should be done that can be to pro
tect all that is grand and beautiful in that re
The total expense of making a full and sat
isfactory exhibit of our war materials has
heretofore been estimated at $200,000. Con
gress, at the last session, appropriated only
$133,000 for this amount, and burdened the
appropriation with a pro rata share of the
expense of any building that might be
erected for the accommodation of the entire
government exhibit. Experience has shown
that the amonnt thus left for the practical
exhibit of theWar Department is inadequate,
and I recommend that Congress supplement
the appropriation already made with a
further one, granting sufficient to make up
the sum of $200,000 for the practical exhibit
of the department. This amount is set down
at $89,000, which includes an item of $22,000
as reimbursement for moneys expended in
the erection of government buildings at the
I believe that the government, in appear
ing as a voluntary contributor at ill is Exhibi
tion, international as itibin character, should
avoid the mortification of an inconsiderable
or discreditable display.
June 30, 1875. WM. W. BELKNAP,
Secretary of War.
The Navy Report.
Secretary Robeson's report of naval service
for the year shows that the number of ves
sels of every class and description now borne
on the navy register is 147, carrying 1,195
guns, and tons measurement. Borne
of these are sailinc vessels, of little or no
value as a part of the efficient force for
eitner cruising or lighting purposes of the
present day. Steam vessels, as" distinguished
from ironclads or torpedo ships, number 95,
of which 25 are tugs; of the remainder, 38
are ready for nse .when required. Our iron
clad fleet consists of 26 vessels, 21 of the
Monitor type, 2 torpedo ships, and 3 never
launched. Details are given of the opera,
tions of the fleet on each of the six stations.
The Secretary has the following to say
upon the condition of the Navy:
It is gratifying i- be able to say the Navy
is now stronger an 1 in more efficient condi
tion than it ever has been at any time since
the commencement of your administration.
It is not very strong in numbers, nor in the
classes of its ships, bnt what there are of
them are in as good condition as it is prac
ticable to keep such materials of war, under
the various and trying conditions to whieh
they are in the nature oi their service con
stantly exposed. A far larger proportion
than usual oi onr wooden snips are ready ior
service. Our iron-dad fleet is efficient, onr
store-houses are fairly stocked with ord
nance, equipments and supplies, and we
have on hand a fair supply of the best ma
terial for the building and repair of ships.
The service has been placed in this state of
efficiency, compared with what existed a
few years ago, by utilizing, except in the
case of eight sloops built under a special ap
propriation, what could be spared from enr-i
rent appropriations, ana irom appropria
tions made during the Cuban emergency,
and applying these means practically and
steadily toward putting what was worth sav
ing of the navy, as it existed, in as perma
nent, good condition as the state of the ships
and means at command permitted. The
wisdom of this policy is, I think, illustrated
by the strength of onr position to-day. It
would also be well, I think, if Congress
would afford means to finish at once all the
repairs to the five double turreted monitors,
since, when they are finished according to
present design, our iron-clad fleet will be
much more powerful, and they are, while
undergoing repairs, useless for any present
purpose, and the process of repairing them
out of what can be spared from current ap
propriations, not enly cripples the depart
ment in all its other operations, but is, of
course, very slow. With these added to it
onr iron-clad force would, for purposes of
defense, present a very substantial barrier
to anything wnicn wouia cross tne seas anu
attempt to enter our ports.
Report of Postmaster-General.
The Postmaster-General's report shows the
receipts of the department to oe
360. and expenditures $33,611,309. The re
ceipts exceed those of 1874 1 13-100 per cent,
anil the expenditures 4 6-100. The actual
amonnt drawn from the Treasury was $4,-
716,329, or $543,606 less than the previous
year. The recorded complaints of missing
packages numbered 5,645, of which 2,677
were registered letters containing bonds,
drafts, etc., amounting to $76,216, while the
unregistered letters containing valuable
contents amounted to $75,997. Of the for
mer 1.083 were satisfactorily accounted for,
911 actually lost, and 683 remain under in
vestigation. The arrests for violation of
postal laws numbered 307, the greater por
tion, however, were not connected with the
postal service. One hundred and seven con
victions were had and 157 await trial. The
department is in correspondence with the
British Department on the subject of the
increase of United States territorial rates
on the British closed mails, transported by
rail between New York and San Francisco,
the present rates fixed by the postal con
vention of 1,862 not paying" the actual cost
of transportation, ine report snows tne
operations of the different bureaus of the
department concerning which much infor
mation has already been published. The
Money Order Department, the annual trans
actions ot wnicn nave reacnea aoout eignty
millions, shows an apparent profit of $120,
000, though really in arrears more than that
if clerk hire and stationery required for the
business were charged directly to its ac
count The increase of rates on small or
ders made by authority of the last Congress,
will, it is believed, enable the bureau to
hereafter pay its own expenses. The fact
that but one Americas steamship line car
ries mails across the Atlantic, and none
to South America, is regarded as humilia
ting to American pride. Postmaster Jewell
thinks, as a matter of national pride, as an
aid to the revival of American commerce,
and as a means of supplying an efficient
steam marine available for immediate use
bv the eovernment in case of war, provision
should be made for the transportation of our
mails on important ocean routes in steam
ships officered and manned by our own citi
zens, and sailing under our own flag. A
moderate compensation in excess of postages
now allowed would enable tne establish'
ment and maintenance of American lines to
Europe and south America, and a moderate
mail compensation foe a line to Japan and
China will doubtless continue the mail
service to those countries in American ships
after the termination of the existing subsidy
contract, which will expire on the 3Ut of
I think it is safe to say, says the report,
that the Hum of 500.000 per annum, now
granted as a subsidy to the Japan and China
line for a single monthly service on that
route, would, in addition to tne postages on
mails conveyed, be quite sufficient, if judi
ciouslv apportioned between the respective
routes, to maintain an efficient mail service
by steamers sailing under our flag on all the
important ocean routes which should be oc
cupied by lines of American steamers.
Jewell says the evil of straw-bidding,
which annually involves the department in
the loss of many hundreds of thousands of
dollars, can, in his judgment, be effectually
removed by such a change in the law as will
authorize the Postmaster-General, on the
failure of any accepted bidder, to offer the
contract, as at present, to the next lowest
bidder on tne list, ii, in nis judgment, tne
bid be not too high, and if this next lowest
bidder declines to enter into the contract,
to be authorized to enter into contract with
a person not a bidder at any price, not tx-
eluding said lowest Did.
The Postmaster-General speaks of the rail
way postal service and roads doing it, in
high terms, but thinks it more equitable to
pay companies by space instead of by
weitrht This would increase the compensa
tion of roads of the larger class, but reduce
it materially on many of the smaller and
weaker ones. The fast-mail service is praised.
and the opinion expressed that at no distant
day the business of the depaitment will be
so great as to induce railroad companies to
run similar trains from New England to the
Gulf, and from the Atlantic to the Pacific
It is recommended that any person be per
mitted, without additional charge, to write
a form of presentation in any book, pam
phlet, magazine, periodical, or on any other
matter of the third class, and also that the
sender of any package be permitted, with
out additional charge, to write his or her
name and address on the outside thereof
with the word "from "above or preceding
the saaie, so as to inform the person ad
dressed of the name of the sender, and to
write briefly on any package the number and
name of articles inclosed. The sending of
public documents through mails has not de
layed the delivery ofc ordinary mails, or per
ceptibly increased their cost As to transient
printed matter, the Postmaster-General
1 recommend that the postage or transient
newspapers and periodicals, books, printed
matter of all sorts, lithographs and maps,
sheet-music, photographs, and manuscripts
designed for publication, shall be reduced to
one cent for each two ounces, or a fraction
thereof, which was the rate before the enact
ment of the law advancing it during the
closing hours of the last Congress.
Concerning newspaper postage be says
the new law which went into effect on the
1st of January, 1875, from present indica
tions will realize about $1,000,000 for the
first calendar year. This is not a material
variation from the average results of the old
law, though during the last year in which
this latter was in operation, the amount was
increased by the payment of postage on
newspapers circulating within the county of
publication, a requirement that was discon
tinued at the end of one year. While, there
fore, there has been no increase in the ag
gregate receipts, there has been a large net
gain by saving the commissions on collec
tions allowed by the law, as under the pres
ent law the great bulk of postage is paid at
large offices whose salaries are not affected
by this item. Under the 'old law there was
no check to insure collections at the office
of destination, and the consequence was
that much matter went unpaid, and it is
satisfaction that, under the present more
equitable mode, the universal collections
have made up for the reduction in rates.
The new system has worked so admirably,
and has given such general satisfaction, that
no change is deemed necessary.
It is recommended that the compensation
of Postmasters of the fourth class be based
upon the business of their respective offices,
us determined by the cancellation of stamps,
the account to be duly sworn to for each
quarter, and returned to the 8ixth Auditor.
There is a great want of equity in the com
pensation of Postmasters of the first, second,
and third class. If the salaries at smaller of
fices are not excessive, those of larger cities
are certainly too low. I find Postmasters,
as a class, to be efficient, capable, and atten
tive beyond my expectations, and their
salaries should be proportionate to their
duties. Cases are said to exist, however,
where few or no duties are actually per
formed by Postmasters. A law compelling
Postmasters whose net income is, say $1,000
or more, to give their entire attention to the
duties of their office, or, failing in this, to
employ some perton or persons to perform
them, at their own and not at the govern
ment's expense, wonld be most undoubtedly
beneficial to the service. In estimating the
expected revenues for the year ending June
30, 1877, wishing to be on the safe side, esti
mates have been submitted which show an
expected deficiency of $8,181,602, but it is
believed the deficiency for that year will be
very much less than the estimates. Basing
the estimate of the revenues at the smallest
amount and of the expenditures at the
largest, an increase is shown on the percen
tage of the deficiency of only 19 39-100
against 24 25-100, which was the estimate of
the percentage of the deficiency of last year
over that of its predecessor.
This report is for the year eliding Jane
30, 1875. 7,070,271.29 acres have been
disposed of during the year by ordinary
casn saies, nomesieaa entries, to rail
road, and otherwise, against 9,530,872 93
acres disposed of. during the previous
year, being a decrease ot 2,4bU,bUl.b4
acres. The cash receipts were $1,784
001.27. The total area of the States and
Territories is 1,834,724 856 acres; total
surveyed to June 30, 1875, 680,253,094.21
acres ; leaving yet to be surveyed, 1,154,
471,762 79 acres. The falling off, as com
pared with the disposals of the year im
mediately preceding in entries made for
actual settlement, as evidenced by ap
propriations of the public lands under the
homestead and timber-culture laws, is
found to be 1,MJU.8SU.24 acres, lhia re
sult may he attributed, in a large degree,
to the devastation by grasshoppers, ac
companied, in some places, by a season
of unusual drought in the localities most
inviting to homestead and timber-culture
settlement, to which is to be added the
falling off of emigration and the general
business depression which has reached the
agricultural as well as the other indus
trial classes of the country.
The Commissionor recommends that
unoccupied lands, unfit for agricultural
purposes and not mineral, be offered for
sale at one dollar ana twenty-nve cents
per acre this recommendation has refer
ence to lands west of the one hundredth
meridian. Fine and other timber lands
should be. the Commissioner thinks, sur
veyed immediately that they may be sold
to actual purchasers to prevent, as lar as
possible, the wasting of timber by reck
less pre-emptors. A change in this man
ner of making surveys is deemed advisa
ble; the chain and solar systems which
are in vogue are now regarded as among
the ruder appliances of engineering
science, and surveys made in this manner
are of no lasting use. The office, more
over, is. kept in ignorance of the deposits
in the lands thus superficially surveyed,
and valuable mineral lands have been
disposed of at the price fixed for ordi
nary tillable lands at a loss to tne gov
ernment. Legislation on this point
is requested, and power and money
to carry such legislation into enect asked
The office has for several years past
urged upon Congress the propriety, as
well as the necessity, as a measure of
sound public policy, of a repeal ot tne
pre-emption laws; not, However, con
templating an entire obliteration of all
the features of the pre-emption
system, but. rather, having in
view the unification of the whole subject
of settlementrightsby merging the valua
ble features of the pre-emption with the
later homestead system.
After noting probable errors in the re
vised statutes referring to public lands,
the Commissioner says that whenever a
town is founded on the public lands the
business exigencies of its inhabitants
prompt them to the exercise of the great
est diligence in obtaining title by patent
for the quantity of land to which they
may be entitled by reason of the number
of inhabitants included in the munici
pality. It freq uently results that by.the
growth of their numbers they would be
come, within a brief period (were it not
that they had exhausted their right of
entry), entitled to take the largest area
named in the law. He is of the opinion
that municipalities should be allowed
additional entries to a certain maximum,
as their population may entitle them,
This view of the case receives indorse
ment of a decision of the Supreme Court
Purchasers of government land seem to
be ignorant of the fact that a govern
ment patent, signed, sealed, and deliv
ered, constitutes the only available posi
tive evidence of the transfer of title irom
the United States to the individuals.
When the Commissioner entered office he
was confronted by the fact that there are
remaining in the files of his and the
various local offices between 1,000,000 or
2,000,000 of uncalled for patents, covering
probably, not less than 150,000,000 of
acres, no small proportion of which being
lands purchased ot the government more
than half a century ago, and lying
in the States of Ohio, Indiana and
The report closes with a request for
a stronger force, and more office room ;
also a safe place for valuable records.
The Cheapest and Moat Popular lllus-traleU
Publication of the Dar..
tfNow is the time to subscribe in order
to receive the benefit of the following ex
traordinary offer, to wit :
To all persons sending us fifty cents dur
ing the month of December we will mail
(post paid) one copy of the Bazar for one
year. The Bazar is a beautifully illus
trated sixteen page Paper, devoted to Fash
ions, Society Notes, Music, Art, Home Cul
ture, Science and General Literature in fact
is a journal brim full of sparkling reading
matter of the choicest and most select char
acter, which cannot fail to prove entertain
ing to the old and young of both sexes.
The subscription price on and after Jan
uary 1st, 1S76, will be advanced to One Dol
lar per Annum, and at that price "The
Bazar" will rank as the Cheapest Illus
trated Family or Fashion Journal published
in the World. Therefore it will be seen that
all who subscribe before the period men
tioned will receive, for fifty cents per annum,
a journal that will be considered extraordi
narily chesp at one dollar. We make this
very liberal otter in order to encourage sub
scriptions during the present month, to the
end that we may be enabled to quadruple
our circulation before the commencement of
the " Centennial Year."
firUoliday number, beautifully illus
trated, now ont, and for sale at all News
Stands in Cincinnati, or at our counters.
Trice ten cents per copy. Address,
. ANDREWS' BAZAR,
76 & 78 W. Fourth St., Cincinnati, O.
A Famous Medical Institution.
From the Chicago Times.
The name of Dr. R. V. Pierce, of Buffalo,
N. Y., has become'as familiar to the people
all over the country as "household words."
His wonderful remedies, his pamphlets and
books, and his large medical experience,
have brought him into prominence and given
him a solid reputation. The Timet, in the
present issue, presents a whole-page com
munication from Dr. Pierce, and our readers
may gain from it some idea of the vast pro
portions of his business and the merits ot his
medicines. He has at Buffalo a mammoth
establishment, appropriately named "The
World's Dispensary," where patients are
treated, and the remedies compounded.
Here nearly a hundred persons are employed
in the several departments, and a corps of
able and skilled physicians stand ready to
alleviate the sufferings of humanity by the
most approved methods. These physicians
are in lreuuent consultation with Dr. Pierce,
and their combined experience is brought to
bear on the successful treatment of obstinate
cases. The Doctor is a man of a large medi
cal experience, and his extensive knowledge
of materia medica has been acknowledged
by presentations of degrees from two of the
first Medical Colleges in the land.
If you would patronize Medicines, scien
tifically prepared by askilled Physician and
Chemist, use Dr. Pierce's Family Medicines.
Golden Medical Discovery is nutritious,
tonic, alterative and blood-cleansing, and an
unequaled Cough Remedy; Pleasant Purga
tive Pellets, scarcely larger than mustard
seeds, constitute an agreeable and reliable
physic ; Favorite Prescription, a remedv for
debilitated females; Extract of Smart-Weed,
a magical remedy for Pain, Bowel Com
plaints, and an unequaled Liniment for both
human aud horse-flesh ; while his Dr. Sage's
Catarrh Remedy is known the world over as
the greatest i-pecitic for Catarrh and " Cold
in the Head" ever given to the public. They
are sold by Druggists. ,
BUBXETT'S COCOAISB. See Advertiiement.
With all the competition in Bono, Dob
bins' Electric Soap (made by Crsgin &
Co., Phila.) is the first in popularity, be
cause it is pure, uni form and honest. Have
your grocer get it and then try it at once.
It is estimated that about two-thirds
of the surface of the globe is covered
with water. Although millions of liv
ing creatures slake their tbirst daily, the
quantity of water has not materially been
diminished for centuries, at least not
since the introduction of drinking saloons
which prove a great saving of water and
are thereby of immense benefit to navigation.
The Hmarafitetore r Pianos sat Bipley, O. ,
has grown into a notable industry, and one
of special interest to the West. Since its
establishment, five years ago, the Ohio Valley
Piano Company has turned ont upwards of
eighteen hundred finished pianos, and will
tnis year uissc iivtj uuuuicu. auuui uuc
hundred men are employed, and every part
of the piano is made in the factory. In
labor-saving macninery ; in organization ot
the work and facilities for its production ; in
the general intelligence and knowledge of
the workmen, and in quality of the work pro
duced, this establishment compares favor
ably with the best taste rn man mac tones,
while in economy, in cost of material and
production, it has advantages not enjoyed in
A PrrrsBimo riatriot proposes to nav
the National debt by exhibiting the
bones of George Washington at the Cen
tennial. Chapped hands, face, pimples, ringworm,
saltrheum and other cutaneous affections
cured, androueh Bkin made soft and smooth.
by using Juniper Tar soap. De caretui to
eet onlv that made by Caswell, Hazard fc Co.,
New York, as there are many imitations
made with common tar, all of which are
Persons who have become thoroughly
chilled from any cause, may have their cir
rnlnrinn at once restored hv takinsr into the
stomach a teaspoonful of Johnson's Anodyne
Liniment mixed in a little cold water, well
Every farmer who owns a good stock of
horses, cattle and sheep, and in tenia to keep
them throutrh the winter, should let at once
a good stock of Sheridan' I Cavalry Condition
fowler, une dollars worm win save at least
a half ton of hay.
W. H. Loftin. " I have used the Simmons'
Liver Regulator, aad do not hesitate to
eve it a heartv word of commendation : in
deed, too much cannot be said in praise of
such a remedy."
Mystery Solved. The great secret of
the wonderful success of Vegetine. It strikes
at the root of disease by purifying the blood.
restoring the liver and kidneys to healthy
action, invigorating the nervous system.
Burnett's Cocoaihk. See Advertisement.
Bcuemck's MASnaAKS Pills
Will be found to possess those qualities necessary to
the total eradication of all biliona attacks, prompt
to start the accretions of the liver, and gWe a healthr
tone to the entire system. Indeed, it is no ordinary
discovery in medical science to have invented a
remedy for theae stubborn complaints, which develop
all the results produced by a heretofore free nee of
calomel, a mineral justly dreaded by mankind, and
acknowledged to be destructive in the extreme to the
human system. That the properties of certain vege
tables comprise all the virtues of calomel wlthont
ita injurious tendencies. Is now an admitted fact.
rendered indisputable by scientific researches ; aad
those who nse the Mandrake Fills will be fully satis
fled that the best medicines are those provided by
nature in the common herbs and roots ot the nelda.
These pills open tbe bowels aud correct all billons
derangements without salivation or any other of tha
injurious effects of calomel or other poisons. The
secretion of Uie bile is promoted by these pills, aa
will be seen by the altered color of the stools, and
disappearing of the sallow complexion and cleansing
01 tne tongue.
Ample directions for nse accompany each box of
Prepared only by J. H. Schcnck A Son, at their
principal office, corner Sixth and Arch street,
Philadelphia, and for ash) br all druggists and
dealers. Price, 25 cents per box.
BOSTON WOOL MARKET.
Domestic continues in good demand, and the mar
ket sustains lull prices lor au sinus, wnn a conn
dent feeling on the part of holders, the stock on
hand being moderate for the season. X and XX
Ohio and Pennsylvania fleeces, 46t8c; medium
and XXX grades, 48A5UC.; Michigan and Wisconsin
Daavil 42aiSc. for X and medium. Combing and
delaine fleecpa, 49(50c for washed, and 404sc. ior
uawasnetia ouKiuro uu .a.
Cotton 13 S 13
Flour a on (S 5 au
Bye Flour , 8a
Wheat. 1 04 a 1 40
Bye 87 90
Barley 80 1 12
ftoi' 78 a 78
s eo now
1 289 1 46
- Mk . 84
1 m 3 i su
. K a
6 40 7 08
28 6 CO
. 8 50
0 7 50
a i so
Hay 17 UU
Clear rib sides
Lard 10 $ 10
. 5 00
9 7 25
Corn No 2 mixed.-.
Barley - so 9
Bye. 66 9
Pork 19 20 a.9 25
Lard 12 20 (4
Cattle... 4 6 ) 9 6 50
Hogs 6 25 7 50
2 60 4 75
Flour.. 8 25 8 S 65
Wheat 1 26 a 1 -dl'i
Oats .... . 85 40
Barley I 85
MessFork 28 00 2S 25
Petroleum 110 Test-
Ohio State Test
80 9 1 20
as ISk 4
?.....'..r.'.r. as a 40
- . WX9 . 4H
. a zo as a on
... 4 5)
... 6 00
0 1 68
' 1 20
- 8 00
m i so
8 1 40
7 00 7 65
. 3 00
. 4 10
(9 6 60
3 5 60
Petroleum Crude, per bbl.
. 1 65
per gal -.
EAST LIBERTY, PA.
. 2 50
. 7 (0
. 4 00
9 6 50
a 6 50
. I 00 8 26
. 999 1
62 a 65
86 a 68
Corn .... .
Bulk Meat Shoulders ....
Clear Rib Sides...
.12 00 (918 00
21 7S 22 00
Corn , 1 22
a i oi
a 6 25
a 6 50
a 7 35
Lain be ......
a 7 to
a 1 85
22 50 a
6 00 9 8 00
...... 47 a 48
44 a 45
CIO a flay nt home. Agents wanted- Outfit and
" ternifl free. Address True t Co., AuguaU.Me.
011 en A w,k to Agents. Send stems to J. B.
v I ww Wells A Co., luulanapolis, (or circulars.
A pair of shoes will cost rod
oalr a cents more with
on than without, and it will add
i. w ice t he con t of the sbos to their
Last! The name of the Beraonl
nu inn not use I
c aulk m rew winr
Boots aod Shoes. Atirunnflnil.
in? such a person will 1, librr-I
allr rewarded br irorlnx a sairl
S5 id $20 dar ' home. Samples worth tl sent
Ml wtVfrB.. gtissoCo.,Portlaal, Ha.
WAXTER AOENTW. Rampln and Omlfl frm.
Better tltamQold. A. DOULTKRA UO., Chicago.
ASTHMA nd Catarrh. Snre Cars. Trial free.
OCO Boalfc.-Ac'ts wanted. S4 beat selling
wOOU articles in the world. One urn pie free. Ad
drees S. BBONMON, Detroit, Michigan.
ff 4 AiCOBvPsrOsy- Send for CaromoOatalogua
Bunoao'a dose. Boauta, Maea
OH rASrCT CARDS, styles, with name. IOc ,
COfin 1HONTH. IOO ARTICLMI
9?U Ad'ss B. N. BAMbEY, Detroit, Mich.
ARFPUTC 10 F.lrwant OH rnreiHt, mounted,
Kut slieibtll. fnriL Novelties and Cbromoa
os every aescnpwm. national linromo wi., rnija.. ra.
COC; Pei-WREK to Hale and Female Agents.
tJDI el Article Kw- Nm14 In everv hnnM.
Aiid'as rt'HIUIlT A LACEY, 763 Broadway, N. T.
FEB WEEK GUARANTEED So Agents,
Male aud Female, in their own locality.
Terms and OUTFIT FREE. Address
r.u. viuaisi OO., Augusta, alaine.
ENCYCLOPEDIA. Neir. Periled Rlitian.
J J 1
l.i,l.tH.n Articles. S.0 Kncrtvlnn nd Is mlpmliil
maps. Agents vraiiea. sakli, uavis s: w., riula.
SNIXCINNATI DOI.LASt WEEKLY ajTAK.
' An inaepentent family newspaper, a faees.
am columns of Beading. at tree YEAR
Hoecimen Coer rasa, tjo a Free of aoHtsaa.
Address The "UTAH" CO , i'lnelainatl, Ohio.
W Fire Book, liibro and Map IIoum, Chicago.
Daily to A (rent.. 85 new articles and the
s t Family' Paper In America, with two US
hromos, free. AU. M'K'Q CO., 292 br'dway, N. Y.
THIS Paper k printed with Ink made br O. B.
Kane t Co., 121 Dearborn Street, Chicago, and
ior saio in large nr nmau niaon ueu.
143 Race St., Clneinnatl, Ohio.
A WEEK Aceuts wanted. Business oer-
manent. No soliciting required. For fur-
tner particulars aaaress
J. KENNEDY A CO., Richmond, Ind.
PERHHEKT AND PROFITABLE E3I-
JL. rMIIHEST can be secured by one lady in
ery town in the United States. Add ss J. HssBl
3IBUM1I3. an Uevonshire street, Boston, Mass.
Send far Circulars to
Queen City Com'l- College,
Month Aaents wanted mnvtm.
Business a.noranie ana nrst-clami.
raxtlcntsrs sent tree. Adireas
WORTH A CO- St. Loo is. Mo.
S AcCK AA Invested in Wall Street
I U"90UU often leads to fortune. A
7i Dan bonk axelainlne
everything and civine price of stocks
QPHT VQTV JOHN H INKLING A CO., Bankers
uiuii num. and Broken. 7S Broadwav. N. i.
OOMETHING NEW unaer t8 SmL
U MEHK1KLEKS A CU., 282 Main St., Cin'ti, O.
Iw7 more Tonnr men to foam Tela W
graphy. Good situations irnaranteed, I
Aaaress, with stamp, ttiperintenflent
Union Telegraph Co., Oberlin, Ohio. A
"VTTANTEIs A cents in all carts of theconntrr
The Womm of the
vcsaaasw y. xjjr . uoin A. U. 1U3 VVIUUW, IiailU-
somely iUnst'd. The grandest Centennial book in the
marar.. n. d. jirssELi., i ui.i latter, notion, nass.
Horse Claims, Pensions, etc.
rFFICERS AUD (SOLDIERS, wannrfnl. 'ininr.
V or who lost horses in United States service, most
ppij iiriore .January, iet, or iney win ne too late.
Circnlar riu. U. t. ARNOLD, Cincinnati, Ohio.
GODEY'S LADY'S BOOK.
The Oldest Mara z ine in America. A P&evium
Chromo," The sloRsiira Call, will te given to evei y
Subscriter, whether single or in a clnb, who pays in
aavnnce ior Asioann rrnurn irect to in is (-nice.
Address, L. A. OODKY, Philadelphia. Fa,
New Buffalo Bill KeTolver lilVIVV
Bent wttb lot) Cartridges forfa. Fuix Nickls Platk.
Satisfaction .guaranteed. Plwitrated Catalogue FREE.
, , i j i i iv wuj, nvnaa, taicsco. Sll
69 Daarbom-st. (McCormlck Block). P. O. Box 540.
Immense Success ! 40,000 of the (ienulne
already eotd. The thrilling story ut a noble lite in the
wild-land or the N Ile mystery, Ophtrs Uold, the Lions
Lair, and millions of superstitious beings. Graphic
aescnptions, splendid illustrations, simians oa rf.
We want agents quickly, profit big. send lor terms.
HraaAXD Baoa.. Pubs.. 144 W. 4th St., Cincin'ti, O.
This new Truss is worn
with perfect comfort
night and day. Adapts
itself to every motion ol
tle body, retaining rup.
ture under the l..r.l...
strai n until permanently
cured. Sold cheap by the
t ins uc i niss uo.
No, 6B8 Broadway. Ft. T. '!.
and sent br mail. Call or send fur Ciruular and he
W. A. DROWN & CO'S
Pmt.AJDEl.PHIA smmI NEW YORK. The
qualities marked with their name are confidently
For the Holidays
NO GIFTS BETTER APPRECIATED
Juat Out, New,
Gems of English Song
A perfect collection of Bones, with Piano Accora-
Eamment, coniprisinK over 7t oi the cnoicest songs,
lalladR. Duets and Quartets known: selected with
great aire, and with especial regard to quality and
233 pages, full mnsic sire.
The S. Y. Evening Mail says: 'A most extraordi
nary collection of really fine sones. One could
hardly imagine so mauy veritable grmt coo Id be con
tained In a single vol urn."
Price, st.Sw p'aiu; S3 in mojlia; M full gilt.
Of the same form and price, foil music sine, are
Cems of Strauss.
A new edition, comprising over IO best Stranss
Waltz.es, etc., etc.
Organ at Home.
Cems of German Song.
Cems of Scottish Song.
Moore's Irish Melodies.
Any of the above books sent, post-paid, for retail
LIVER DITSOI k C., CU18. 1. P1TS0I W.,
1 1 1 . 711 B'swar, lew York.
Borrow, December 12, 1
Gentlemen My only object In trivlnjryon this tes
timonial is to spread valuable information. Having
been badly afflicted with Salt Klieum. and the whole
surface of my skin being covered with pimples and
eruptions, many of which csnsed me great pain and
annoyance, and knowing it to be a blood disease I
took many of the advertised blood preparations,
among which was any quantity of Harsaparilla.
without obtniniiiiT any benefit, until 1 commenced
taking the Veejwllne; and before I fa d completed
tbe ft rat bottle, 1 saw that I had got the rigbt med
icine. Consequently I followed on with it until I
bad taken seven buttles, when I was prononuced a
well man, and my skin is smooth and entirely free
from pimples and eruptions. I have never enjoyed
so good health lie fore, and I attribute it all to the
use of Vfcetlnn. To benefit those afflicted with
Rtwnmatism, I will make mention also of the
etine'i wonderful power of curing me of this acute
complaint, of which I have midi-red mo iu tensely.
(J.H.TtC'KEU, Pass. Ag't Mich. C. R. K..
ify Tyler Street, Boston.
Has Entirely Cured Me.
Boston, October, 1870.
Mr. H. It. 8TRVESS Dear Sir: My daugl.tr, after
having a severuattack of whooping cough, was left
in a feeble state of health ; Iwing advised by a friend,
the tried the Vefrvlln, aud, after using a few bot
tles, was fully rt ntored to health.
I have been a (treat sufferer from Rheumatism: I
have taken several bottles of the VeceUne for tnis
complaint, and am happy to say it has entirely
cured me. I have recommended the Vegrettae to
others, with the issftie good results. It is a great
cleanser and purifier of the blood; it is pleasant to
take, and I can cheerfully recommend it.
JAM ES MO RSK, 361 A thens Street.
' no troviUaC mince ramce
Charleistown, Octol-er, lf70.
Thin certifies that mydauglrer has alwayn been
troubled with a humor, which has caused frequent
swelling on her face and about her eyes. PhyKiciaus
called it the EryHipelrix; but after having tukeu two
tattle of the Veselloe, has not been troubled
with it since. SIMON ALDRIUH,
Ir. Tr-nfiK says: " It i nonecpsnary for me to
enumerate the diseases for which Vtevrtlao slionM
be ued. I know of no dirieaite whicb will not admit
of itMUfiewith good resutls. Almost innumerable
complaints are cauned by poisonous secretions in
the hltjud, ahich can be ent irely ex pel led from the
typlein t.y the use of the Vcfgvtlne). When the
blood is perfectly deaiised, the disease rapidly
yield; nil pains cease; healthy action is promptly
letttored, and the patient it cured "
The remarkable cures effected by Vefppllue have
induced mauy physiciaiiti aud apothecaries whom we
know to prescribe aud use it in their own families.
In fact. Vrsrellue is the bent remcd7 vet discov
ered, and ts theouly reliable BLOOD PI RII IKK
yet placed before tbe public. Sold by all Druggists
I and dealers every where,
CLARK'S BOOK KEEPING fb'iTtSS!.
fl'lffe ai.OO. anst-nald. Hand far (ircnl.r. W BL
CLARK. SB CX 166 Plnm stniat, OcincinnaU, Ohio
All want H tbotjpands of Hvre and
millions of property saved by it for
tunes made with it particulars free.
C. M. Liniicqtom & Bao., New York
Ot.. ai. "We Lawe olrl and ni
your Hea Foam for sereral Tears
and unhesitatinjrtr recommend
ft as the best Baking Powder is
Hmit h, 3ct Groeen
Portland, ile. , nj.--.Vft use it in
onr own families and believe it
to be decidedly tha best Baking
Its economy is wonderful; It
makes 40lls. mon- bread toa bar
rel at flonr. Million f ran nld
and not a single oomplaiut. Fend for oircalar to
Qao. t. Casts a Co., 1- Suane St., S. Y.
ANN ELIZA YOUNG'S NEW BOOK.
BRIOHAM , VOUNO'S
Its ditolzet ill tha dark aecmi 1
. Rf BELLIOUfl
I BM Vr 1IBV Intmlaetiaa W .
t ISIOK-ON SH
nin. i.i,anuore. aruirnm u u J II every aiyi
Hdrad. an iota 1 1, and VOU erm de It. Tbt katnllHw
llluaUaUd circnlsre to Dearest Oflice. DUST1N, GII.UAli A
CO., Raarjoas, Coas., Ckjcwo, CfUciaa.TT, Oaie.
0 AGENTS WANTED FOR THE
TtM.ffrt interest in tha thrill inr historv of onr
ennntrv mikM this the fastest sellinff book ever nub
usnea. ic contains m one mstoncai enfrravintni
and MS pases, with a full account of tbe approach
ing srand Centennial exhibition. Send for a foil de
scription and extra terms to Agents.
n an on Aii rsB&iHia a., vincinnavi, u.
liberal Terms of Ex
Machine of every des
cription. DOMESTIC PAPER FASHIONS.
The Best Patterns made. Send Seta, for Catalogue.
Address DOMESTIC SEWIN3 MACHINE CC
Asm turns. . HEW IOBK. .
Pays for a Postal Card, and on receipt of yonr ad-
areas written t Hereon wewinsena youafampiecopy
of onr great illustrated Literary and family Jour
nal. "The Cricket on the Mean b. a mam moth
sixteen-page paper (sixe Harper' a Weekly), containing
splendid continued and short stories, sketches, po
ems, etc., etc. Only SI a year, with elegant pre
mium portfolio, ' Gems of American Art, "executed
by Aldine Co., or 75 cents without premium. On
trial turee months for only is cents, n rite at once
to jr. a. liUf iua co., 37 fark itow, . x.
168 Vine Street, Cincinnati, Ohio.
ALLISON, SMITH & JOHNSON.
Tha trpe on which this paper is printed ia from
Make all kinds of Table Knives and Forks. Exclu
sive makers of "PAffiflT IVOBT." most dur
able WHITE HAKDLE known. Always call for
"xrane man "on tne made, solo oyaii dealers and
vj jnrsn.iujs.ii uuiLbKi tu., 4(.namnersBt.,n.l,
THE KEiOT THAT CA.1 i!K MADE,
bstnstin, Frofitabls, and rudutii;.
a&U PEINTING PRESS.
Prices from 8. OA la ISO.OO. Sena bUmd far
fBUlaftas f BKSJ. O. WOOHH O. MMnrik
m aeairr m su bum oi rnuiuu
A NEW ILLUSTRATED
CATALOGUE OF THE
MASON & HAMLIN
24 Quarto Paget,
IaNOW READY, with PRICE LIST; and
very full information, presenting accurate
drawings of these celebrated instruments,
srith detailed descriptions ; including MANY
NEW STYLES, WITH VALUABLE IM
PROVEMENTS ; NEW STOPS AND ELE
It is not questioned by disinterested jndpes
tnattneseare tub BtSl O ALL INSTKU
MENTS OF THIS CLASS; UNEQUALED,
AND, IF JUDGED CRITICALLY, UNAP-
PROACHED BY OTHERS. Their fame is
world-wide. They have ALWAYS obtained
highest awards in American Industrial Ex
positions, and seceived FOUR FIRST MED
ALS and DIPLOMA OF HONOR at the
GREAT WORLD'S EXPOSITIONS in
PARIS, 1867; VIENNA, 1873; and'LINZ
(Anstria) 1875, bein)t the ONLY AMERICAN
ORGANS WHICH EVER RECEIVED
ANY PREMIUM IN COMPETITION WITH
THE BEST PRODUCTS OF EUROPEAN
MAKERS. The best musicians in Europe
and America pronounce them unequaled.
Prices as low as consistent with best work
manship and material, and lower than those
commonly demanded for very inferior in
struments. Organs sold for cash or time
payments, or rented until rent pays for them.
Every one Hunting of buying an organ
thould at least see this new catalogue. It will
be sent free and postpaid. Address the
MASON HAMLIN ORGAN CO., 154
Tremont St., BOSTON; 25 Union Square,
NEW YORK ; or 80 and 82 Adams Street,
These aVM! re
vu pwsiiauci caurciy irom tnma
v rersoui using
C fW shoaldsulapttho
j Ps dose to their Its
00 sj. dividual consti
a tables poonfull
move all morbid
or bad matter
from the system,!
their place n
hestithy flow of
ing the stoma di,
causing food to
dlgaat well i P17-,
tone and health,
1 accord ing to ef-
lecc t or ail af
fections of the
sell and lioweli,
to the whole nxa- kaJ
aaalaa. llt Oil Of EAtnltefttrl
chlnery, reinOT.rJfrJ by such derangc-
Insr the rauae of v
the diseases, ef-i" r!
ucui mm nuiuBI
fee ting av radical
cure. As tx FA M-
ness. Chronic 11-
It Is liXKQUAIe
EI, and Is ALr-l
sia, Jsnudirc an
nesscs. 1 tabl
an ifttnck of SICK
nt commencement of
H EADACH E cure in l.lminiitrf. Vi:.
LOHV or N VLI.On SHI. MA IK VOI TH
FUL, by 1 bottle. TRY ITI For pamphlet
containing useful information and all
about the Liver, address IR. N4 FORI).
Sew York. SOLD BV ALL DRITG4WISTS.
For promoting the growth o, and Beautifying thd
Hair, and rendering it Dark and Glossy.
The Cocoaine holds, in a liquid form, a large pro
portion of deodorized COCOA-NUT OIL, prepared
expressly for this purpose. No other compound pos
sesses the pecul iarprope rties which so exactly suit
the various conditions of the human hair.
LOSS OP HAIR.
Boston, July to.
Messrs. Joseph Burxrtt & Co.:
For many months my hair had been falling off,
until I was fearful of losing it entirely. The akin
upon my head became gradually more and more in
flames, so that I could not touch it without pain.
By the advice of my physician, to whom you had
shown your process of purifying the Oil. I commenced
its use the last week in June. The first application
allayed the itching and irritation. In three or four
days the redness and tenderness disappeared, the
hair ceased to fall, and I have now a thick growth of
Yours, very truly, SUSAN R. EDDY.
A REMARKABLE CASE.
East Middleboro', MassI, June 9, 1864.
Messrs. Burnett A Co.:
When my daughter's hair came off she had been
afflicted with neuralgia in her head for three years.
She had used, during that time, many powerful ap
plications. These, with the intense heat caused by
the pains, burned her hair so badly that in October.
1861, it all came off, and for two years after her head
was as smooth as her face.
Through the recommendation of a friend, she was
induced to try your Cocoaine, and the result was
astonishing. She had not used half the contents of a
bottle belore her head was covered with a fine young
hair. In four months the hair has grown several
inches in length, very thick, soft and line, and of a
darner color tnan tormeriy.
WM. S. EDDY.
JOSEPH BURNETT & CO., Boston,
Manufacturers mnd Proprietor..
HAVE YOU A DOLLAR 7
FOR ONE DOLLAR
We will Send, Postage Paid, '-
1. It contains all the news of the nasi asvan da vs.
collected by tbe aoents and correspondents of the
New York Daily Worldt and in fullness, accuracy, and
enterprise in this respect is nnoqailled.
2. ItS affrfciil til rial liAMmant iwnfaliia Kaa laaaa
news of farm experiments at home and abroad, con
tribntions by home and foreign writers, foil reports
of tbe Fanners1 Clnb of tbe American Institute, and
quotation of valuable and interesting articles ap-
ing u me agricultural weegiies ana magazines.
S. ItS OntDaV nova tr hrn Hinn im amaaitillv
called, is a feature which can be found In no other
pa nr. a 1 1 ine resources at me com mand oi a great
metropolitan daily newspaper are employed in its
collection, and the resnlt is a page each week where
the members may find a complete record of the work
of the order in every Htate in the Union for the part
seven davs. In addition to this weekly record The
worm gives the cream or all the local grange papers
In every State. This department is and will continue
to be under the charm of ona of tha ar.tlvft msmUrs
of the order.
For the fireside denartment. In addition tn Ita
other attractions, such as poetry, miscellany, hu
morous extracts, etc., daring the coming year, there
wilt be not less than one hundred short tales by the
beat writers of fiction in England and America,
5. The mai1rtf mnnrfi hrmtirhi rinwii tn tka Y
of publication, are the best that can be made. Each
mantei 11 reponea Dy 0"e whose special knowledge
and training make him the best authority upon that
subject in the United States. For accuracy and
completeness the market reports of Tke World are
"The World is not only the best bat tbe
cheapest newspaper ever offered the fanner."
RE3I1-WEEKI.T (104 No.), S a TCSUV
JDAJJLX (US HM) tl pes? yessr
Specimen copies sent npon application.
Addreu " THE WORLD,"
- 33 Fsu-h Bow, Hew Ysn-k.
UNSURPASSED S- '2 WftJSLfi
64 columns, Kclurions and Secular; 6.8. Lessons; re-
ofwiii iwv. a. 0. Jiarie, jnooay, etc. ; nonsexeeper:
tories. etc. A rriRiznincfnt amainm. Th marval r
all is tbe price, only SI.IO a joar. All classes, old and
yuuoijc, aru cnarmeu wnn It. AO wora 11 xe it ior
sgenta; one says.
i, " A ever saw anything take like
No trouble to selL" For Agents
Terms, napAr. i
?porrs. ec , address, with stamp.
H. EAKLE, 20
iawley Street. Boston,
A double barret gun, bar or front action lacks;
warranted gnnuine twist barrels, and agood shooter.
or no sale; with Bask, pooch and wad-cotter, for SI 5.
Can be sent C.O.D. with privilege t examine before
purine bill. Send stamp for circular to P. POWKLL
t SOX, Uun Dealers. 238 Main St., Cincinnati, Ohio.
SMITH ORGAN Co
Boston, M&m. -;
Usese StutaAard Issatrwtssessta -
Sold by Music Dealers . Everywhere.
IBEfB TfiSTED II ETKT TO VI.. . . -
Bold tbronghrat tha Uni tad States on tha
IiniLIEIT FLU , ,
That ia, on a System of Monthly paaysaanta.
Porchasers should aak for the Smith American Or
gan. CataJoanea and full particulars on spslicatioa
U UTirVL tnwnHoHM mmrking CTcSWaff
I prttmnf two. f ssmciaT mm -bod
fvanU. Tvv to wrint ana mm.
ing and intructiom for Uk fpunf. Vt.l.gt
with mlp-Sabetm ffps. H. t, wUk S mt
mAaitiM. If .. witt 11 mlvhabeu. Ia.4
4,tU lSt. Com, Ink A Pmd Hct4m.
DtUerrmtt bn ail frftu Aammtm (Pamiaai.
Do Your Own Printing
52: Outfits from SI up
Holding & Co., Mosnuf; Washington Sq, Boston
PEABL Printing Press
sei-jMMf m a-isqni inf . u , wws mr
Steam Pomer. A'ew imyro9mtist. For s
img eesrtU. .ViKscarfc.tateta. etremtmn, mmu.Vkos)
no superior. 11 U vrwqMalUd for av and rs
ptditw mf operation, eempaetntsB, havtf of de
Sign and mecManteal eenstruotjem. iVieM,SU
II THE IAEIIT.
pUOIPT, RELIABLE, SAFE, aud EFFICIEXT.
Parities the Blood, resrilatM Us Llrer aad
Digestifs Organs, relteres the painful head
ches caused by Indigestion.
VFor sale br Dragglstt ercrywhere.
SAFE AND RELIABLE.
Have Yoq Weak Iiwngs f
Have Yoq a Congh or Colfl ?
HaveVou Pain in Yonr Breast?
Have Yon any Throat Disease?
Have Yon Conwnmption ?
USE Dr. L. 0. C. WISHARTS
PUNB TREE TAR CORDIAL
Are Tou "Weak and Debilitated?
Do Yoq Snffer from Indigestion ?
Do Yon reqnire a Tonic '1
Have Yon No Appetite ?
Do Yon need BnildingTTp?
l)o Yon wteh to beStrongand Healthy?
USE Da. L. 0. C. WISHARTS
PINE TREE TAR CORDIAL.
Sold by all Dmggistg.
Principal Depot, .
No, 232 North Second St.. Phila.
Por 50 Latest Style Visiting Cards. Bend to
Card Ck. Sf A 41 Vir. At., Indianapolis.
Your Name Elefraatly Print-
d oa IS TBAJtsrABBKT VlSITtKa
Cabos. fbrtS Cents. eh etrd conth
me which hi ant Tiaible until held tenrsida the liftht
KcKhin-l.ke thetnererbrfbr?offeredl America. Biafndoce'
"vautoAnli. N'otbltt Fristiso Co.AashUnd. Jaaav
n.4RIN.-40 white or tinted Rriitol, M cts.; M
j SnowHake, Marble, Rep, or Damask, SS CM. :M
lass, 40 cm. ; with youruame beautifully printed on
tliem. nd 66 umple of type, afienti ric-llBt, etc..
Kent by return mnil on receipt of price. Discount to
Ctol. Bent of work. W. C. CANNON. 46 Kneeland
8 1 ret, Boston. Refers to 8. U. Pkttbsgill A Co.
DIYORCK9 lf-palty obtained for incompatibility
etc.; residence unnecessary; fee after decree
Address P. U. Box 1037. Cnicasa, III.
C4 YaOri) Kirn fnlly Trvtate4, without
ilLll VXjAV nse of knife or canities. DR. A. B.
Brow, New HaTi-n, Conn. Send
nttttnp. Cirn,pprnii,uce Irom physicians solicited.
snd Morphine habit absolutely and
speedily cured. P&inlees; no publicity.
Send stamp for particnlan. Dr. Carl
ton. W WsshiuKton st., Chicago, 111.
The most successful
remedy of the ures-
entday. Send forPa
aer sn Oniam Kat.
Prof. IX. Meeker, P. O. Box 475. Laports.ind.
ttt.lt I'nred mt lloaatsav
No Publicity. Time short. Terms
moderate, l.nnn tMtucenials. 5th
v.r of nnnartallelea ancceaa. TM-
scrib case. Address Dr. F. . Harah. Quincy, Hlch.
PV:HMAWrr, or Soul Charming!
m U-W iliss-r ei 1 mNjr tus iHalr bu4 train tha at aod
tff. .i.'ii 1 1 any t-rii tfy rtiow", liinUiit )v. Tlitl art alt ru
l.--.. I.t-r, l.y malt, i rfitM; IsstfcMwT M.tHarrin.iiliUa
Oi., 1' .-) .1I11H UttlM fc' Iltr- C 5.J4H,,WtOe.(i. ft.
.1.. Mtjok J.JdrttaU.1 lUaUMi JU.. ('au'. patlmd.tnU
WffKTV WRITI7T TO ASVERTISEItSt
pleaaeaay tbuU 70SS sssw tMa jawtas4
j j ALWAYS -