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SEfee (fratou mmnt
VmOJB&ED EVERY THURSDAY
BATON, ' OHIO,
Ii. . GOULD.
mis or SUBSCRIPTION
fat AdvSX . . . IJw
Job Fauns of an descriptions fumiphed la
raw, m guaranteed to jnroTg j-VyytfTj 8T "
" T '
The pearl fisheries of the Gulf of Cal
ifornia threaten to he entirely ruinei
nnless the Government shuts down on
the wholesale use of submarine armor.
Last Tear they yielded about $100,000
worth of pearls and $200,000 worth of
shells, while this year s operations will
hardly pay expenses. -
Thk Constitution of Rhode Island de
mands a property qualification from all
foreign-born citizens, who claim the right
to rote in that little State. Attempts
hare twice been made to abolish this
discrimination against foreign-born citi
zens, but each time the proposition was
Toted down by an overwhelming ma
jority. We mentioned some months ago that
an International Horticultural Exhibi
tion was to be held in Amsterdam in
1876, with which was to be combined an
exhibition of vegetable productions,
chiefly from the Dutch colonies, and a
botanical congress. It has since been
arranged that the horticultural exhibi
tion for 1876 shall be held in Brussels,
and the display in Amsterdam in 1877.
chants Exchange in San Francisco the
grain of the wood, which is bird's-eye
walnut, bears a close -resemblance to the
chaotic sea of flame in the midst of which
snaggy head appears. The features are
those of a middle-aged man, and bear, a
look of despair. It is not (infrequent
that the grain of bird's-eye walnut con
tains outlines which by a little stretch
of the imagination can be made to ap
pear like animated forms, but resem
blances so plain and unmistakable as
this one are Tery rare.
Thk Queen of England, in her royal
capacity, receives altogether from the
public purse 385,000 a year, of which
amount, however, she has only absolute
control over 60,000 a year. The Crown
lands, however, in possession of the Gov
ernment bring in about as much yearly
as the Queen's total income, so that vir
tually she costs the country nothing, for
the Crows lands are as much the prop
erty of the Crown as the estates of no
blemen or joint stock companies are
A wonderful invention has been
patented by the Victoria Printing Ma
chine Company, in a machine which can
turn oat, ready for the reader, four thou
sand copies of a work, containing twenty
four pages, bound together, without any
iwiiiywiaTo kiu, Alio macnine jibs
coat about twenty thousand dollars, and
requires no "feeding," as it regulates its
own supply, taking in a sheet at one end,
and in less than a second, ejecting it at
the other, printed, and with the pages
stitched together, and ready for the
Tax body of a hunter,, named Alls
bach, was found, near Jamestown, New
York, recently, terribly mangled, one
shoulder and a portion of the face having
been eaten off. The hunter's double
barreled gun lay about ten feet from his
body, both barrels discharged and the
gun broken in two. The surrounding
leaves and bushes were covered with
Wood and the hunter's clothes torn te
shreds. A panther has been seen in the
rkanity, and it is believed the unfortu
nate man met his death in a desperate
struggle with the savage beast. -
; In the East Indian Archipelago, the
narrow Strait of Lombok, bat fifteen
miie wiae, separates the island of that
name from the neighboring Island of
Bait This strait is remarkable as the
line which separates two great and
wholly distinct geographical provinces
of animal life the creatures of the
Asiatic side widely differing in character
from those on the Australian side.
Alfred Bossel Wallace, the English nat
uralist, who spent so long a time in that
part tf the East, first recognizsd the
location of the boundary in this strait;
and we observe that it is now becoming
known among men of science as Wal
The Popular Science Monthly contains
a valuable article, by Prof. B. W. Rich
ardson, upon "Induced Disease from the
Influence of the Passions," printed from
the advance sheets ef a new work en
titled "The Diseases of Modern Life."
Anger, fear, hatred and grief are the
passions that act most severely upon the
physical life. Of these, anger is the
most injurious.- "He is a man very rich
indeed in physical power," says this
author, "who can afford to be angry."
The effect of rage upon the heart is to
produce a permanent disordered and ir
regular motion, as is well known. This
sometimes is so severe as to cause instant
oeain, ana Is more to be avoided than
almost anything else by persons having
organic disease of the heart ..
A Wind that moves but one mile an
hour is scarcely perceptible, and has,
according to Smeaton, a perpendicular
force of one square foot of .005 of a
pound. A gentle wind moves at a rate
of four miles an hour, and presses on one
square foot .079 of a pound. A pleasant
fmijl nnvM fmm tan tA C li - i
- .,. .wu. v. .1 w, in uveii miies an
hour, and has a perpendicular force of
from .492 of a pound to 1.007 pounds.
A high wind moves at a velocity of thirty
and thirty-five miles an hour, and has a
perpendicular force of from four to six
pounds avoirdupois on' one square foot.
A hurricane travels at the rate of eighty
miles an hour, and has a force of 81,490
pounds per square foot. It is not diffi-
cult to comprehend from this tM w
mighty oaks that have stood for years
are leveiea in an instant, and paths
made through the forests where t.h
stubborn undergrowth defied the power
Waxteb Scott believed that "the
wisest of our race often reserve the average
stock of folly to be expended upon some
one flagrant aosuraity."
L.G. GOULD, Publisher.
VPiT. TY-IVO A
Deyotei to tbe
Interests of tne Democratic Fartyf ani tie
Cotton of Local and General flews.
DECEMBER 23, 1875.
Terms, $1.50 per
Annum, in Advance.
WHOLE NUMBER 451.
SANTA CLAUS IN TROUBLE.
BY MARY WILEY.
- How very much I've wondered.
And o'er tne problem pondered.
While busy with my tori
If 1 should once grow sick or numb, -What
ever could or would beccme
Of all the girts and boys ! .
Without i Christina! they cast lire,
tie Santa Claus lxmt work and give,
But on, my labor's ponderous! .
. My wares, te gratify and please, .
To give youth joy, and parents ease,
, Must be both got d and wondrous.
Risking flood and wildest panic.
Which startle banker and mechanic.
Dare nerer make me quail ;
For not a girl nor any boys
Could hold esteem for Santa Claua, . --
. if once his funds should fail. . ..
Bat I am growing old, my dears.
And cares increasing with the years
That multiply so fast.
When I was young I took my ease,
The cblUreu few nor bard to please,
How different was the past (
I'm busy now both day and sight;
I plan and work with all my might
From one year to another;
I've journeymen and 'prentice, too,
A helpful and industrious crew, ,.
. Who work like bees together. - .
TTe many shops tn erery land,
"Where busy bead and busy band '
Fashion toya ana fabric ran; .
rve ahl ps in sail on erery sea,
. That bring the precious goods to me,
Through all weather, foul and fair.
On Christmas Ere I'd ne'er get through,
But for the help of an extra crew,
Who work with heart and band;
Some on teams with coal and with wood,
- Others on foot with basketa of food
Hurry along over the land. - '
They hunt up the needy and starring poor,
Whom 1, in my haste from door to door,
By chance may overlook ;
. Making no noise for the world to hear.
They threw in a smile and word ef cheer,
With here a toy and there a book.
And of such help I need much more,
A fact I've hinted oft before
In sermon, prayer and book ;
And here announce my need again,
Aa I. with worried thought and pain,
Surrey the grim outlook.
Of thousands with so laid up stores,
O cruel fate I as near their doors
The wolf of huoger draws.
Then help me, ail ye wise and good, ;
And endless, boundless gratitude
Is yours, from Santa Claus.
GRANDMA TOMPKINS'S PARTY.
BY FAITH HARPER.
.The day before Christmas always
seems the very longest in the whole year
to little Nellie Tompkins. She has even
been known to slyly turn the hands of
the clock forward an hour or two in order
" to hurry up Santa Claus, 'cause its so
dreadful to be kept in suspension," as
she said in self-defense when the trick
was discovered. It must be confessed
that Nellie's uneasiness is generally not
a little increased by the fear that the
" Miniature sleigh, and eight tiny reindeer,'
With a little old drirer ao lirely and qeer,"
may pass her by altogether; for has she
not been told,' time and again, that
" Santa Claus loves good children V and
Nellie is very well aware that goodness is
not one of her strong points. So, as
Christmas draws near, all her greatest
deeds of naughtiness during the year are
pretty sure to stalk in black array before
her mind ; while, at the same time, she
has the uncomfortable feeling that there
are probably many peccadilloes recorded
against her which she has entirely forgot
ten. However, on the particular twenty
fourth of December of which I am writ
ing, she is tolerably certain of a visit
from St Nicholas when he shall make
his round at night ; for it has been gen
erally acknowledged in the family of
latesthat " Nellie is improving," and she
has a very vivid recollection of several
Sainful efforts to be good. But the last
ay is a grievous trial. She has con
structed all sorts of remarkable edifices
with her building-blocks, dressed and
undressed dolly Mabel at least a dozen
times, and finally put her to bed in dis
grace. She has tried her best to help in
the kitchen where grandma is busy
with preparations for the Christmas
dinner ; but having been several times
detected in picking raisins from the
mince pies that mamma is making, she
was politely requested to leave. Then
betaking herself to the shop where Frank,
the hired man, is making bee-hives, she
is allowed to follow the devices of her
own heart for an hour or two unmo
lested until Frank, looking around, dis
covers all his nicely planed boards dec
orated with wonderful pictures in red
"Clear out I I won't have you both
erin' round here no longer. Now git
quicker I" exclaimed that young man, in
dignantly. Nellie departs with the sad feeling
that shes one too many every where ;
and after soothing her wounded spirits
by a good swing in . the wood-house
chamber, makes her way to the sitting
room where Aunt Faith is quietly knit
ting by the window while she watches
the sunset glow in the western sky.
" Auntie please tell me a story," says
the little girl, in heT softest, most be
seeching tones. -
-Auntie is in what grandma calls one
of her " faraway fits," and for a moment
or two looks into the gray eyes raised so
pleadingly to hers without seeming to
hear the meek request until it is re
peated. " I was just thinking," she says at last,
"of something that happened on Christ
mas time a great many years ago."
- "How many?" asks Nellie, who al
ways wants to know all the particulars.
" " It was in 1792 ; that was just eighty
two years ago."' - '
" Were you there, Auntie f
"Not exactly, but my grandmother
was and I've heard her tell the story a
great many times. '
Nellie settles herself with much satis
faction to listen, for there are no stories
she likes so well to hear as those about
the old days when the country was all a
wilderness. . . .
" It was late in the fall when grandpa
and grandma Tompkins, with their three
little children, started from the valley of
the busquebanna, where they had been
living, to come to their new home in the
lake country,' as this part of New York
State was then called. The journey
would seem very short in these days.
but then it was long and tedious, for
there were no railroads or roads of any
kind. They were obliged to cut a way
for the wagon in many places through
the woods. It took tbem nine days to
come about one hundred miles, the
mother and children generally riding in
the wagon, which was drawn by oxen,
while grandpa and his brother Charles
drove the few cattle they -brought with
them. I've heard grandma say that
every morning before starting they would
milk the cows and put the milk in the
churn, and at night would find the but
ter all nicely gathered by the jolting
of the wagon over the rough ground. '
"Why, Auntie, what a nice way to
churn I" exclaimed Nellie, whose busy
little brain immediately conceived a
plan by which a great deal of drudgery
might be turned into pleasure.
" I'm afraid you wouldn't think so if
you had to go through the churning pro
cess yourself at the same time," replied
Aunt Faith; "at any rate, I believe
grandma always preferred to chum in
the old way afterward, so I guess it wasn't
so nice as you imagine.
' Well, when they camo to the head of
the lake they round, where the beautiful
town of Ithaca now stands, only a few log
bouses. Here grandma and the children
embarked in a little boat with the house
hold goods, while the men drove the cat
tle alone an Indian trail the remaining
nine miles of the way. When they came
to the end of their journey, the first
thing to be done was to cut down some
of the tall trees which covered the ground
thickly for miles and miles on every side,
and build a little cabin to shelter them
from the rain and snow. This was their
home for two or three years, until they
were able to build a larger and better
one. It stood in the south orchard, on
the spot where the old Romanite tree
now stands. - 1
" At last tbey were settled for winter,
and Uncle Charles went back to the
Susquehanna, leaving them alone in the
wilderness. ' But settlers were beginning
to come in fast, and as grandpa was a sur
veyor, he was always away from home a
great deal, locating claims. Sometimes
he would be gone two or three days at a
time, leaving grandma alone with the
children. The day before Christmas he
went "away with a man who had bought
a lot of hind ten miles off, expecting to
be home again before the evening of the
next day ; but night came, and he had
not returned. Yen may be sure it was
not a very " merry Christmas" to grand
ma as she sat before the fire in the lonely
cabin, anxiously listening to every sound,
and hoping each moment to hear her
husband's footsteps. No visions of sugar
plums danced through the children's
heads as they played about the floor, for
Santa Claus didn't find his way into the
backwoods in those days. All at once
there was a strange pawing noise at the
door, and grandma's heart began to beat
fast, for bears were -very plenty in the
country then, and die thought she was
going to be favored with a visit from one
of the family. But in a moment the
latch was raised, and as the door slowly
opened the first thing she' saw was the
end of a gun poking into the room, this
was followed by an Indian, then came
another and another, each armed with
gun and tomahawk. These uninvited
Christmas guests all squatted on the floor
before the fire, and began to entertain
their hostess by telling horrible stories
of the massacre of Wyoming in which
they had taken part. They flourished
their tomahawks, and described the way
the settlers were butchered and scalped,
while poor grandma sat listening in
terror, although she tried to appear
brave and unconcerned, for she had al
ways heard that the savages were much
more likely to spare those who showed
no signs of fear. The youngest child,
who was just beginning to toddle around,
was greatly attracted by the tomahawks,
and in spite of all she could do would
break away from his mother; and going
up to the Indians reach out his hands for
the horrible weapons, which she everv
moment expected to see buried his
brains. After awhile they inquired the
name of the owner of the cabin ; when it
was told them one said :
"'Tomkin Tomkin yes, me know
one Tomkin, but he died and rotten long
ago Charles Tomkin . he killed at
" Now, grandma who, was a woman who
always would speak her mind, fright
ened asshe was, couldn't help saying:
" No, he wasn't killed either, for he was
here only last week." .
" This seemed to make them very
angry, and they again began to flourish
tomahawks and tell their dreadful stones.
At 1 oof tkav Ska 1 1 vsl ftm rrwvrl wlttstK nrn a
given them. When they had eaten what
they wanted, they asked tor a loaf or
liAal tt jmww ant ttir.ii (arV tt,nia
VltrAU W W1J MI.C.J. OUU WOU VWJk. ItUJA j
departure. 1 don't believe anybody was
ever so glad before to . have their party
'our as was grandma lompkins that
" Three or four years after, an Indian
came alone one day with moccasins to
selL Grandpa bought a pair, and When
he paid for them the Indian insisted
upon returning part of the money, say
" Me owe vonr so uaw loaf bread so bic-"
motioning with his hands to show the
sue of the loaf.
" Then erandma knew that he was one
of her Christmas guests."
JSellie sat silent several minutes after
Aunt Faith had finished her story. At
last she said, slowly :
" I don't know as I'd like to have been
there that night ; but I should like to see
an Indian though."
She went to bed and dreamed of seeing
Santa Claus riding in a wagon filled
with toys, and drawn by eight bears.
He had a tomahawk in his hand, and, as
he went about the country, shook it at
the naughty children, but threw sugar
plums and all sorts of nice things at the
good ones. She awoke in the morning to
find her own stockings well filled ; but
she has not yet made up her mind
whether she would like to nave been at
Grandma Tompkins' Christmas Party.
A New York Steam Yacht in the Gulf.
Fensacola Gazette: The other day a
pretty little white thing of a steam
stranger ran up into our harbor, came to
the wharf and acked for coal and water.
Both were ready in tank and warehouse,
and the white yacht steamed away after
being supplied with what she required,
bound to the passes of the Mississippi.
We went aboard of her before she left,
and were informed by her master, Capt
Swift, that he was from New York and
on his way to deliver the Bteamer to the
Eads Jetty Company as a dispatch boat
and tender. The Julia is the pleasure
yacht which was presented by his inter
ested retainers to Bingmaster Boss
Tweed before he bad the misfortune to
tret into the penitentiary for his frauds.
She is gorgeous in gilding and luxurious
in upholstery, and all about saloon and
cabin the savage crest of the "Boss"
grins on panelsa snarling tiger's head
in high relief. There was the Boss big
chair in the " State cabin," fitted to ac
commodate the well-fed bulk of the
mighty sinner, and there the great bed,
in which several rascals of ordinary size
could recline at once.
The second anniversary of tha organ
ization of the Reformed Episcopal Church
was celebrated by that body December
2 J. The church was organized Decem
ber 2, 1873. It was then composed of
eight clergymen and twenty laymen, it
bat now two Bishops, three Bishops elect,
nny-two clergymen, and nny congrega
tions. These congregations exist in
Ottawa, Toronto, British Columbia and
New Brunswick, in British America; in
the United States, in New . York. New
Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, South
Carolina, Virginia, Kentucky, Ohio, Illi
nois, Missouri, and Colorado. The ad
herents of the church in oulh Carolina
Home and Happiness on Ten Dollars
A C, inarm AArHunnnrlnnf f ttiA TkT1 liL.
ville CourierJournal tells an Tnterr sting
story of a married man in that city by
the lake, who, from enjoying a good
salary on a newspaper, was driven by
stress of hard times and bad luck to work
as a painter, earning on an average ten
dollars a week. We are not sure that
some fiction has' not been mixed with
ficts, but we give the story is it it re
lated. The economist's wife did the talking
at a dinner to which her husband had in
vited the writer : . .
." Well, you see, Ned came home and
told me ten dollars was the most he could
get ; it was fortv dollars at Washington;
and we talked the matter over and made
up our minds it would do somehow do
a good deal better than living off our
friends or getting in debt I wish I could
make all young married people fear that
awful thing, debtt so I came here aud
hired these two rooms, which cost us one
dollar and fifty cents a week. The
sleeping-room is large enough for our
bed, and to stow away a few things snugly,
while the children sleep on the sofa
there. It is a bed-lounge, and opens out
at night. We haven't but that one stove.
of course, and twenty-five bushels of
coke, which cost us three dollars de
livered, with care lasts us two months ;
while we get all the shavings- and kind
lings we want a the cooper-shops for
carrying them away.' Kerosene costs us
only sixteen cents a gallon, and lasts a
month. By taking ten pounds of hocks,'
even when pork is so high, we get them
at four cents, and' they make three or
four nice meals, a day or two apart, and
we have a refrigerator in the hall for
keeping perishable food. Ned found
where he could get nice pieces of meat,
beef, at five cents a pound, if we take
ten pounds. We buy it for ' nice meat,'
of course-; but out of that amount we
get a steak or two we have to pound it
some to make it tender I and sometimes
we have what the Germans call a Ham
burger steak, that is, the meat, chopped
fine like sausage, flavored delicately with
onions, and broiled rapidly; besides
stews,' ooiis,' and plenty or hash,'
which isn't very bad when it's clean and
cooked nicely. Sometimes I vary the
' mince-meat' and boil a few pounds,
adding a little nice work to give it del
icacy and flavor ; boil it all day until it
is almost jellied. - Then I season it with
a little butter, pepper, salt and just a
drop of Halford ; set it away in a cloth
bag over night, and in the morning we
have the nicest ' beef cheese' you ever
tasted."; -. . .-. . : '
I sampled the beef cheese, and even
after a hearty meal its delicacy substan
tiated the statement. -. . , ., .. ;
"Sometimes, when we are very short
of money, Ned resorted to the little fic
tion of buying five cents' worth of good
nut Cr hi. .. W. Iionn't n.f Vint
HUM. .U. UW. WV. 1 1 V V-U . U tU V U .
we've got four hungry mouths, and the
pound or pound and a half of meat we
got that way did us a great deal of good,
especially it we were a little Hungry for
meat. You' see, if that butcher had
known it was for our own use, it would
have only bought half a pound. - But
the cat legend always brings a good
piece, sometimes we got so reckless as
to have chickens, and even turkey, but
we have to watch the market for these.
Just sfter Thanksgiving I bought eight
chickens and a nice turkey for one dol
lar down on Market street. It was Sat
urday evening, the dealer had ten tons
on hand, and it began to rain ; but it
snowed before morning, and I had four,
dollars' worth of choice food in the house.
Didn't we poor people go for them,
chickens, though f We make our own
bread, and what pastry we can afford to
indulge. Two barrels of good winter
wheat flour, which cost, delivered, seven
dollars per barrel, last us just one year.
We don't use either tea or coffee, and our
milk here costs us twenty-one cents a
week, as a pint a day answers us."
I saw that the . culinary department
was successfully managed, Dtit begged to
know how many hundred dollars a year
they were obliged to expend for clothing.
, " How many hundred dollars ? My
sakes alive! We haven't spent a hun
dred in two years I"
Seeing that I looked perplexed, she
looked at Ned as much as to say, " Shall
IT" and Ned, looking at her as if to say,
"Do as you like," she did as she liked,
as women generally do.
' Well, I kept Ned pretty well patched
up for a year or more, made over his and
my own very old clothes for the children.
and then," laughing at Ned, " we re
solved on strategy.
" We knew that there were thousands
of people in a city like this, who, if
rightly approached, and given assurance
that they were not to be humbugged.
had been, and were, more than half will
ing to give the kind assistance we needed.
So Ned went down to the Tribune office.
and had inserted, under the head of
Miscellaneous,' last July" ("Sunday.
June 20," interrupted Ned, who, from
habit, is exact about dates and figures),
" this advertisement, which cost us just
Here she brought the slip which had
been clipped from the Tribune, and which
I give as an evidence of the truthfulness
of the narrative :
SLANTED BY AHARD-WOBKINO.NEKPY
person, cast-off clothing of some gesUeman.
pient will confer with honor, showing seed and
respectability. Address P. IS, Tribune offlee.
" We got all manner of answers to our
advertisement, some in witty vein, ask
ing us whether we could loan money at
ten per cent, a month, and inquiring
whether we couldn't get a better dodge
than that. There was just one helpful
answer, and that from a man who
couldn't write our laneuage correctly,
and who signed himself evidently with
much labor, 'your unknown friend.
: . professor of music' Well.
Ned called on him. He was a little
Dane, and, after Ned had told him who
we were and how we were trying to aet
along, with his cbirrupy little wife, he
made up such a bundle that Ned could
hardly get home with it. There was a
little ol everything in that bundle, and a
great pile of serviceable things altogether.
With what he got, and what the little
professor has actually forced upon us
since, we are clothed comfortably all of
us and are well provided for the
"But what do you do for amuse
ments?" " Well, Ned is at home evenings, and
we have songs with the children, play
chess or cribbage, read and talk over the
news of the day ; we take a daily paper ;
we have Dickens' complete works,
illustrated, and they do seem to grow bet
ter with each reading; Bulwer's, Dis
raeli's, Scott's, Thackeray's' works, and a
few other books, and we are really
happy, because we bave made up our
minds to take things ss they come, and,
like Mark Taplcy, be jolly over it. Be
sides on this ten dollars a week, we have
saved one bundled and eighty dollars
since the panic. When it amounts to
two hundred dollars we shall pay half
down on a good lot' We can get one
very cheap in the middle of the winter,
ifwecanpay half cash, just outside the
limits, become (iroperty owners, and be
fore the gray and grumble comes, have a
shelter for the long rainy days." ;
' We copy the following timely, as well
as eminently practical and sensible re
marks on this much-talked-of, though
disagreeable tqpic, from an article in the
New Jenualem Mettenger, published in
New York City. Although it presents
the subject in a rather different light
from that in which it is treated by the
majority of writers, we think it must be
admitted that the views it expresses are
both reasonable and just, and as such
will commend . themselves to the ap
proval of all right-thinking people. We
give tbem a republication, in the hope
and belief that their general circulation
win do good at ' the present moment,
when- the depressing and persistent cry
of " Hard Times" is so generally heard
throughout the land : -
"One o( the Matenger't correspondents
speaks of an occasion udod which the sub
ject of the present hard time was discussed,
and the conclusion was arrived at, that we
ought to rive more simply, even though we
should have sufficient wealth to ' spar
sumptuously and indulge in ostentation.'
"So far as indulgence in- ostentation is
con cored, there is room for but one opinion,
and that opinion is, that all such indulgence
is wrong, lor rich or poor. It shows a weak
mind, and is in direct opposition to that
humility which the Lord requires of his dis
ciples. But when it comes to the question
whether our habits mav riehtfullT besimDle
or elaborate, that is another matter.
"What we all should wish to do, is our
individual duty. - Is it our duty to live more
simply T Of course this question must be
decided by each individual in aeeoTdance
with his Individual circumstances. If any
one is Hying beyond hia income, at a tuns
when there is no special reason for doing so,
such as loss of usual income, or increased
expense by sickness, then ' it is plainly his
duty to live more simply. This is so plain
that every one can see it to be so but the in
dividual himself. - -
"If anyone consumes, for himself or
family, articles of luxury for which he has
not the means to pay, he does wrong ; but
wc do not find that no does wrong because
simplicity is, in itself, better than elegance,
but because he violates that rule of common
honesty which forbids the appropriating to
ourselves the goods of others.
" That it is toe duty of any one to live sim
ply while he has the means to live in ele
gance. I do not see. Let us for a few mo
ments imagine ourselves rich a purely!
imaginative condition lor tne writer, w e
have been living, say, with two or three men
servants, and with, perhaps, as many female
servants. Now, suppose that we, finding
tne times nam. Become converts to this aoo
trine of simplicity. We think that we can
just as well get along without our servants,
and live in a more simple, healthful manner.
So we sell our horses, discharge Pete, the
coaenman, ana John, the gardener, and
Bridget, the chambermaid, and tha rest.
What is the effeot? Nothing very startling ;
for we are a unit in society, and it makes little
difference what we do, any way. Pete, and
John, and Bridget simply find situations
witn some one else, ana we are as weu on aa
before. But suppose that all our neighbors
have become converts to this doctrine of
simplicity, at the same time, and that no one
is ready to employ Pete and the rest, because
they are all turning off help instead of hiring
more, is it not plain that our remedy for hard
times had made the times harder that ever?
Pete, and Bridget, and the rest, having lost
their wages, bave no means with which to
supply the daily wants of themselves and
their families.- Tbey can buy no clothing,
and therefore the whole army of artisans
wno nave loano employment ana support in
making the clothing- are. in their turn, left
with no means of earning a livelihood. The
lactones will have to stop II no one buys
their productions. The carpenters and ma
sons must be out of work if no one can afford
to build. The railroads must stop running
their trains if there is nothing to transport,
and if none can afford to travel. The cor
porations in which our money is invested
can pay no dividends if their business has
been stopped by the hard times, and then
our own income is cut on ny oar own
economy. If we continue to apply the same
remedy, that is, continue to econonize more
and more 'closely, and all our neighbors do,
the same, it will but aggravate the evil ; and
there is no limit to the process, except in
that condition of barbarism in which each
individual lives only upon what he can
grasp, with his own hands, from the supplies
oi nature. , -; :
"Supposing ourselves rich, we see that we
are entrusted with money which it is our
duty to use judiciously, for the benefit of
others as well as ourselves. If we decide
that we will live simply, spending for our
selves and families only what is necessary,
that we may have the more to give in charity,
and then look around to see where we can
give, we shall find the opportunities forgiv
ing in such a way as to do more good than
harm, surprisingly few. We can give a lit
tle here and there to help a poor neighbor
over a hard place; bnt we find that if we
continue to give, and give largely, we are
doing more harm than good. We find that
we are destroying, in those to whom we give,
that habit of self-dependence which is indis
pensable to prosperity. In whatever direc
tion we look tor an outlet for large gratuities,
we faoe the certainty that such snfts would
do more harm than good. But we have an
outlet for our surplus wealth, ready to our
hand, in paying for articles of refinement o
comlort beyond the mere necessaries ol
life; and money to . spend performs its
legitimate use, in that it seta ' the
wheels of industry moving throughout the
"Let us, then, give up our ideas of sim
plicity. Let us buy from the farmer that pair
oi norses ne nas oeen raising, it onr tastes
leads as that way, and pay the carriage
builder for a carriage, and Pete for taking
care of them. Let us have John back in
the garden, and Bridget in the chamber.
Let us pay the printer for books and papers,
the painter for pictures, the keeper of the
silk-worm, and all the army of workmen who
handle the silk after it leaves his hands, for
sue and satins.--
Getting up on Cold Mornings.
' Some people say it is a very easy thing to
get up on a cold morning, xou nave only,
they tell you, to make the resolution and
the thing is done. This may be very
true, just as a boy at school has only to
take a flogging and the thing is over. To
get out of bed into the cold, besides the
inharmonious nature of the transition, is
so unnatural that the poets, refining the
tortuies of the damned, make one of their
Greatest agonies consist in being sud-
" irom hre to ice." iney are named
out of their beds," says Milton, " by
happy-footed fairies fellows who come
to call them." A money-getter may' be
drawn from his bed by a few pence. A
proud man may say, " What shall I
think of myeelf if I don't get up ?" but a
more humble one will be content to
waive this prodigious notion of himself
out oi respect to nis muuiy ucu. ah
ingenious Iyer in bed will ask for our
proofs and precedents of the ill effects of
lying later on cold mornings, and
sophisticate much on the advantages of
an even temperature oi douv, oi tne
natural prospensitv f pretty universal) to
bave our own way, and of the animals
that roil themselves up aud sleep au
It Run FmnrWn the converted Chi
ne have formed a Christian Union of
two hundred and fifty members, and are
now busily laboring for the conversion of
their Dtetnren oi tne same race.
Thb Methodist "schools in Salt Lake
City boast that they have on their rolls
eight hundred. children from 'Mormon
families.- " ' '-
Thb General Conference of the British
Method 'st Episcopal Church of Canada
(colored) has elected Rev. E. R. Diarey,
of Chatham, a Bishop, to fill the place
made vacant by the death of Bishop
Nazrey. ,. -:: - u ,.; -
The Baptists of Central Illinois have
resolved to found an academy which
should have an endowment of 150,000,
exclusive of the value of the property,
and a committee has been appointed to
noia the tunas. - ..
L Thebe are now seventeen periodicals
published in the United States in the
interest of Young Men's Christian Asso
ciations. ' The number' of Association
buildings is fifty-six. valued, with build
ing funds, at 1 3 000,000. . - j .
Tun Protestant Episcopal Almanac
for 1876 reports tbe following statistics
of the church for the past year; Bishops,
67; Bishops elect, 8; other clergy, 3,122;
n amber of clergy deceased, 44; baptisms,
38,053; confirmations, 22.095; communi
cants, 261,003; marriages, 9,690; burials,
18,969 ; candidates for orders, 298-. Ordina
tions Deacons, 110;priests,122; Sunday
school teachers, 23,448; scholars, 235,-043,-
Mil Zogia.8. the Baptist missionary in
Greece, has been, making a Bible tour
through several districts of that country,
meeting with considerable opposition and
unkindness, but also finding considerable
to encourage- him. His route included
about fifty towns and villages, and he
was able to converse with priests, teach
ers, and other classes of persons. - His
sales amounted to 250 Bibles and Kew
Testatments, and 600. other books - and
tracts. :..,..-.-. ..' . . 'i-
Ax Andalusia n peasant, who was re
cently converted by reading a Bible that
came into his possession, was at first the
object of a fierce persecution on the part
of his neighbors in the village where he
lives. His exemplary life, however, won
their esteem by degrees, and soon he was
enabled to show to some of them the
wisdom of his change of faith. The
result is, that a number of them have
been converted and a Protectant church
has been organized in the village.
The troubles in the Reformed Church
of France still remain unsettled. The
appeal of the Liberal party to the Coun-
i a ty , i - e . i. j r
cu vi utu xtepuouc, iroui uie ueouuua Ui
the Minister of Worship, declaring the
consistorial and presbyterial' elections
held by the Liberals null and void, re
mains . undecided. These elections, it
will be remembered, were contrary to the
prescribed rules adopted by the Synod of
1873, and' approved by the Minister of
Worship, requiring voters to subscribe
to Jhe Confession of Faith, formulated
the same year. This confession asserted
the divinity, and the sufficiency of the
atonement of Jesus Christ, which the
Liberals, who are Unitarian in belief,
and oppose any formulated creed, could
not recognize. . -V
The annual meetincr of Plymouth
Church took place December 11th. The
annual report showed the number of
church members in December, 1874,
z,390; number admitted since, 176;
number removed, 76, of which six were
dropped from the roll; total membership
at present, 2,490, an increase of 100;
of this total number, 1,676 are females,
yio are males, .there are 2,844 pupils in
thej schools, and 255 teachers; $111,414
were raised last year; of this sum, $71,
000 was from pew rents; The pew rent
lor the past nve years has been $3Ub,ouo,
more than $100,000 of which has been
devoted to charity. . Mr.. Shearman re
ported, in addition, that notwithstanding
the church s unparalleled difficulties, its
inward prosperity has remained un
changed. The unity aud harmony of the
church were unchanged, and the feeling
between the pastor and the church had
been strengthened. . ' . , : .
The Jewish Messenger describes a scene
that occurred in a Western synagogue
recently on the selection of "a pastor.
There were two applicants, and both were
granted a hearing before a large congre
gation. The candidate first presented
was an elderly gentleman ot tne old
school, who wore a hat and gown and
praying scarf, and who, having sung the
prayers in the old style, gave a discourse
in the English tongue. After him cume
the second applicant, a gentleman of
more modern ideas, wno wore neither a
cap, gown, nor white cravat. He said
the prayers in German and Hebrew,
without singing, and gave an address in
German on the liberal pattern. An
election was held afterward, the gentle
man of the old school was politely in
formed that his services were not re
quired, and tbe other was elected. In the
language of the ring, the old school can
didate was floored on the first round, all
owinir to tha darinr independence of his
junior, who discarded cap and gown and
preached freedom ana enngntenment to
his delighted auditors. . ,
Death in the "Spare Bed."
A writer in the Western Christian Ad
vocate writes thus of tbe "spare bed"
which he had occasion to occupy:
Ob one occasion, having need to see a
mkister early in the morning after con
ference adjourned, I went to his boarding
place, one ot the choicest in the city.
He and his room-mate were making, their
toilet, and revealed their presence by
hoarse and almost incessant coughing.
Their entertainment had been most hos
pitable; but they had been assigned to
the " spare room, in that case an elegant
apartment, reserved for favored guests.
Tbe spacious and yielding oed had an
inviting look, but a damp and moldy
smell Indeed, the whole apartment re
vealed an alarming un familiarity with
sunshine. But it was the "best room,"
and any intimation from them that both
room and bed were damp had seemed
rude and ungrateful, bo they occupied
the room and bed, and contracted colds.
from the effects of which one has since
died, and the other still suffers. Said a
pale and haggard sufferer not long since,
" I think rshould be able to visit my
appointments at least a few times more,
if the friends would not persist in put
ting me away in their chilly spare rooms
and damp beds." ' When such cases have
run their course, doctors may say, " Died
of hepitized lungs;" but more will un
derstand tbem if they say, "Died of
sleeping in spare beds."
The motives of good people can not be
questioned; but unwittingly they liter
ally "kill them with kindness.'1 Jn the
name of the brotherhood I protest ; if we
are to occupy the "spare room," and
sleep in the "spare bed," they should be
dry and well aired. We certainly do
not elect to be suicides for courtesy, and
you would not give us death for a bedfellow.
A national ode The public debt.
- Joseph Jacobs, an active, handsome
young man of Cincinnati, a tanner by
trade, ' in a state of intoxication was
mysteriously' scalded in that city a few
nights ago, only living a few hours after
being found by his friends. . The- suppo
sition is that while intoxicated he fell
into a brewery gutter, which was run
ning with boiling water from the " chips"
and the empty beer-kegs, which were
being washed. 1 ':' v
A new Order, known as " United Be-
formers," is under some headway in the
State. It claims 'its leading features to
be as follows:,. .
1. Co-operation in buying and selline.
thns securing immediate practical benefits
to its members, by reducing the expenses of
living. , .. , .. -.
2. Fraternity of the industrial classes:
bringing the manufacturers or producers
and consumers as near together as possible,
by passing by all the unnecessary middle
men, who add to the .cost of merchandise
without increasing its value; patronizing in
business those whose sympathies are with
the working people; mutual protection from
the aggressions of unjust and oppressive
combinations and monopolies ; mutual relief
in sickness or distress ; and, by example and
precept, endeavoring to aecare for honest
labor the respect to which it is entitled.
3. Opposition to the credit system of
doing business. - - -
4. The discountenancing of riotous pro
ceedings and litigation; believing arbitra
tion to be the only equitable method of set
tling' difficulties between individuals or
nations...- ; - .J
5. , The dissemination of reliable informa
tion in regard to the demand and supply of
labor and products in different sections of
the country. C - : ?
6. The advancement of all forms that are
calculated to promote the interests of the
industrial classes, increase the prosperity of
the nation, and eventually secure the great
est good to all. - , : ',.
The International. Senate ot the Order
was established in Toledo, Ohio, on the 6th
day of April, 1875, by forty-two persons,
representing the different sections of the
In a circular, they declare their ability
to purchase articles for necessary use,
such as groceries, hardware, shoes, etc.,'
at from ten to fourteen per cent, below
regular retail rates.
At Usborne, ureene county, a tew
mornings since, a tramp fell under a
broad-gauge train, which he attempted to
board while in motion, and had his legs
shockingly mashed. ' It was thought that
his injuries were fatal The name of the
victim is not known.
At an early hour in the morning re
cently, the mangled remains of George
Crane, of Huntsville, were found on the
track of the C, S. and C. Railroad, about
five hundred yards below the depot' at
Urbana. He was a brakeman on a freight
train, which passed north at four o'clock,
m., and it is believed he slipped from
a car while he was putting on brakes.
His legs-were entirely severed from the
body, both arms were broken, and the
skull was fractured in two places.
Cincinnati Commercial: Mr. N. M.
Florer, who has been a produce merchant
in this city for about forty years, yester
day received orders for sugar-cured hams
from Paris, France; London, England;
Munich, Bavaria; and Edinburgh, Scot
land. These are not the first foreign
orders to Mr. Florer for. our produce.
We understand that our pork slaughtering-houses
have been supplying, on con
tract, this season, a company organized
for packing hermetically sealed cans of
terderloins for foreign markets, and that
the price of the contract is eleven cents
per pound from the block here. Our in
formant saw Mr. Florer receive and re
cord the orders named. :
.An intelligent Cincinnati jury, that
never read any newspapers and was
therefore capable of giving an impartial
verdict, has decided that Egner, who
roasted a man in a furnace, is gnilty of
murder in the second degree.
The yield of potatoes in Portage coun
ty this year is estimated at 253,000 bush
els; Ashtabula, 263,000, and Lake 253,
000, ; an aggregate o" 769,000 bushels in
Thomas Dildine, oi West Huron, was
accidentally shot while hunting rabbits
near his home, the other day. He was
climbing over a fence with his gun
cocked, when the hammer caught on a
rail, discharging the contents.
From the Annual Catalogue of .the
Western Reserve College,- at Houston, it
appears that that institution has had
during the last year 206 Btudents, in
cluding the Medical Department, which
is located at Cleveland. The Academi
cal students numbered seventy-two, and
those in the Preparatory Department
J. S. Van Valkenburg, editor of the
Sidney Democrat, is dead. He was a
member of the Constitutional Conven
tion.. ... . ........
Little Minnie White, thirteen years
old, living at No. 47 Barr street, Cincin
nati, was fatally burned the other morn
ing. While dressing near an open grate
in which a fire bad been lighted, a puff
of wind caught her clothing and carried
it into the flames. Her mother extin-
guihed the flamfs with water, but not
till tbe child had been terribly burned.
' The poetry of the Philadelphia Ledger,
much as it' is scoffed at, is the most prof
itable literature in Pennsylvania, and it
has its defenders. The writings of Mar
tin Farqubar Tupperhave been ridiculed
everywhere, but somebody now says of
them in the New York Post: "Tastes
differ, and Mr. TuDner has pleased and
delighted thousands ot readers without
injuring them in any way wnarever. ne
has written what they wanted to read.
He has a message for them, and however
unworthy or unimportant it may seem
to more critical persons, the mersige has
been good and wholesome at least, and
welcome, also, to those persons for whom
it was intended. The only fault the
most critical of critics has found with
Mr. Tupper's verse is a purely negative
one, and against this may surely be
pleaded in his behalf the positive pleas
ure and benefit it has conferred upon
readers, who are to the critics as a hun
dred to one in number."
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
Bpaoe. 1 w. 1 1 w. 1 aa.Sm.Ssa.lm.I3as.
I Inch fl CO fl on S3 Wl'tt OO SS Co IS AO $10 OS
3 iBches .. 9 00 3 00 I Ui 00 10 Oil IS 00 IS OS
I inrtaes ... M Is !J i so no 11 so is on is OS
tinebes... S 00 4 00 ft 00 11 00 IS On IT 60 70 00
St- column. 4 00 S oo S mi is oo,w oo is on so Ot
X col num. T 00 10 00 IS on XI oo'ao 00 40 00 SO 00
1 eolnron.. 10 OtlllS OOjM 00 35 00,M 00 It 00,100 Ot
Bnatneas cards of fare Ihtes or less, $3 per asanas.
Local nottoes 10 oents per line eaca. mserUoo.
Rim pie aunotmuemnits of marriage and death,
ad cbarcb and benevolent society notices inserted
tree, kaj additions ta obitnarr notices will be
charged 6 cents pr line.
FaTors must be banded In aa early aa Tuesday
morning to Insure insertion tbe satne week. -
Commitnieatieaa npom subjects ef general OT lo
cal interest are solicited. . .
THE LAST OF THE FAIRIES.
Against tbe dim, dua hills - , ;
Coral and anther the forest Alls."
In the golden air a golden rain
! Poors iron the Mmmer's wane-
Orer mjr fair queen's glltterin hair:
Blue are her eyes an the turquoise skies
Framed in the amber rare ;
Showers the gold with amorns sighs ;
As she stands in her beauty there.
A ruby coronet crowns her brow :
Rubles red from the woodland hough--Red
are her lips from antnmn'a alas, -- '
. Blushed with tbe breath ot the winged bhss.
is the radiant face caressed.
KnUlns abe leans in ahiiliug abeeos
. Ol royal purple pressed
Only a heart that her splendor queens
. And the gold rains oer her breast. , r , , .
One roamed in fairy land,
Scattered jewels with lavish hand.
And, peering through bocage bright -
Beheld two lorers then whispered light
"Gainst lore I gage a mightier power :
- Fair Proserpine throned as Pluto's queen. -Ne'er
glowed in richer, fuller Sower t '.
For beauty's triumph more Suing, I wees,
Were the gems that decked that regal power."
Autnmn lealage the wild winds wrecked . .
Glistening white and diamond decked,
Cold aa a loveless bride. ----.'.'--.
"Winter folds her mantle wide.
Veiling over each flowery grace
With ahnddering fears as the frost king Bears ;
And I thought as I looked on her fair proud
Summer abowers are frown tears.
The mirage brief baa left no trace. "
In the golden air a golden snow .
Falls orer autumn's dying glow.
The lives that are falling here -
In amaranth crowns may soon shine clear.'
Weeping. 1 stand by a drooping head,
" Dearest' she murmured, " the spell that lured
And won me in the days long sped,
-. Like fairy gold a space endured
Like withered leaves are hopes long dead."
ODDS AND ENDS.
. The proud are ever most provoked by
pride. .-, , ; .' ... -
Thk infinitely little have a pride infi
nitely great. ; " j - - -! ' - v
Thb most successful kind of metal
these days appears to be brass.
' The good little bootblack's epitaph
Gone to shine among the angels. 2
The latest way to check bore is to
say, " Write me the rest on paper, -.'
The last performance that Samson
gave literally brought down the. house.
The troublesome visitor who has been
shutting the doors after him all summer
now begins to leave them open.-
People said she was pretty, elegantly
dressed, and all that, but when she said.
" You hadn't oughter," they grew as cold
as ice.. : , :. . ;.,
The only little boy that never- was
mistaken for Charlie Boss has just died '.
in Canada. He was a miserable -little
dried-up thing, anyway.
A Minnesota paper makes a young
poetess say, "Oh, for a heart full of
sweet yearlings i" The poetess wrote to
the editor that she wrote " yearningsi"
and that the printer who set it up " year
lings " was a call .. ;.'
Thb editor sat in his easy-chair
Running his fingers through his hair, :
And terribly tempted to curse and swear -He
had net received his exchanges.
Paste and scissors were by his side, .
Scissors he had so often plied, . .
Yet sow of s clipping he was denied--: . f
He had not received his exchanges.
Oh, it made the imp of the office stare
To see the editor rumple his hair.
And his eyes had a most unearthly glare-" .
He had not received his exchanges.
Twas almost time ts go to press,
And the editor said, " Here's a blank of s mess.
I'll order some patent insides by express, .
And depend no more on exchangee.''
The Brooklyn Argus says that the
" classical " ladies of Boston don't know
enough about music to tell when a mos
quito is fifing Yankee Doodle. Yes, but
they can tell when the festive insect is
doing " Jlum, Bweet Hum," says tne
Post. " '
Is North Siam, when they go to law,
they have "a curious custom." Both
parties to the suit are put under water,
and whoever remains there longest wins
the case. With us the custom is differ
ent Both parties, being in hot water,
are kept there, without reference to the
right on either side.
It having been demonstrated that a
mixture of water with crude petroleum
intensifies flame, an imaginative geolo
gist theorizes that the ultimate destruc
tion of the world by fire will be accom
plished by the ocean tides coming in
contact with the oil contained in the
crust of tbe earth. - - 1
No matter what comes upon you,
don't give up to it. Lnok it square in
the evo. uon't let it see you nincn. it
sorrow has entered your life, and has
rendered it bleak and cheerless, don t
bow down before it like "a reed shaken
in the wind," but drive' it out of your
existence cut it up, root and branch.
Don't let it put you down under its
A Detroit boy naid his first visit to
one of the union schools the other day as
a scholar, and when he came home at
night his mother inquired: ., " Weu,
Henry, how do you . like going to
school V -" Bully I" he replied in an ex
cited voice. "I saw four boys licked,'
one girl got her ear pulled, and a big
scholar burned his elbow on the stove 1
I don't want to miss a day."
A Capuchin father was discoursing
on the character of St. Francis, till the
enumeration of the holy man's graces
had become very tedieus, when: the
preacher suddenly exclaimed, Dy way 01
climax: "Where shall we put this
saint, raised as he is above angels, arch
angels, and all virtues T" Here one of
the congregation rose to his feet, " Pnt
him in my place, for I am going." .'
" What makes me love my pretty, del
icate little blue-eyed boy," said the fond
father, as he and the pastor entered the
library, " is that sometimes the tears run
down the wrinkles in my cheeks as I feel
fine points touching me to the core, and
wonder if God will let him stay with me
very, very'-" here the fond father sat
down on a pin, and said, " Mariar, will
you force me to go to a restaurant to get
These is no art ot science that is too
difficult for industry to attain to ; it is
the gift f tongues, and makes man un
derstood and valued fn all countries and
by all nations.- It is the philosopher's
stone that turns all metals, and even
stones, into gold, and suffers no want to
break into its dwelling. It is tbe north
west passage that brings the merchants'
ships to him as soon as he can desire.
Tn wmvuS. If Atnvnara 11 nnnm ioa a nil
makes fortune itself pay contribution.
An editor relates how a colored barber
made a dead-head of him. He. offered
him the usual dime for shaving, when
the fellow drew himself up with consid
erable pomposity, and said: "I under
stand flat you is an editor." Well,- what
of it?" says we. " we neber charge ed
itors nuffin." "But, my worthy friend,"
we continued, " there are a good many
editors traveling nowadays; and such
liberality en your part would prove a
ruinous business." "Oh, neber mind,"
remarked the barber, " we make it up off