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THE LABOR ADVOCATE
The Labor Advocate
A PAPER FOR ALL WHO TOIL
Olllclnl Orpin of
The Itulldliig Trades Council
of Cincliiniiti and Vicinity
W. E. MYERS Editor
lluslncss Oflicc, 34 Thorns IJuildlng
I'lionc, Canal SS11
Communications should be on lianil not later
than Wednesday to insure publication.
ONE DOLLAR A YEAR IN ADVANCE
Entered at the otofTicc at Cincinnati, O., as
iccond-class mail matter.
Cincliiniiti, Ohio, .Inly 17, 115.
WELL MERITED REBUKE.
Joseph A. Cullcn, president of
the Cincinnati Building Trades
Council, took a stand on the neu
trality question, at the meeting
of the Central Labor Council
Tuesday night, that is far more
illuminating than his brief hut
decidedly pointed remarks appear
to he on the surface.
Mr. Cullen took the floor in a
debate on the proposal of a dele
gate from the Labor National
Peace Council, George V. Hope,
of Columbus. Mr. Hope had sub
mitted a resolution declaring that
as a means of observing strict
neutrality in the lutropcan war,
the United States Government
should take over and operate all
plants engaged in the manufac
ture of arms and war munitions
and decline to sell any of the out-l
put to belligerents.
In the course of the debate, a
delegate from the Typographical
Union opposed the resolution, but
said he was in favor of a strict
embargo on arms and munitions,
lie concluded his remarks by say
ing that while he was born under
the P.ritish Hag, he was in favor
of the German cause. It was this
last remark that aroused Presi
dent Cullen, who said:
"That will do. I'm here as a
delegate and citizen and I have
my army record, too, as one of
the soldiers of this country, and
when any man tells me he was
born under the English flag and
that he favors the Germans I
don't want to hear any more
about neutrality from him. I
move to lay this whole business
on the table."
Mr. Cullen realizes, as all other
close observers do, that all this
talk of neutrality comes from
pro-German sources. Were the
ports of Germany open to receive
shipnujntsof war munitions and!
otlier liccdcdfarticlcs, as are the,pearing on the same platform
ports of the allietlustalk of an
embargo on arms and wanjiiium
turns would never have been
neani oi. n ucrmaiiy will onen
her ports to the commerce of-tlie
world, she will receive-tlie same
identical treatment from neutral
nations that the allies are receiv
ing and' will be sold anything she
wants and has the money to pay
So long as the German ports
are hermetically sealed by the
British fleet, just so long may
America expect to be charged
with unneutral acts in trading
with the allies. As a soldier, who
has faced lire under the flag of
his country, Mr. Cullen was justly
incensed to hear a Briton openly
proclaim that he had renounced
allegiance to the flag of his birth
and was "rooting" for its enemies.
The trouble with the Labor Na
tional Peace Party, as with other
organizations which are formed
for purposes of futile agitation, it
is decidedly short on its knowl
edge of history and international
law. As a matter of fact and law,
the United States has no right to
refuse to sell arms and munitions
to belligerent countries, and it
would be a near-sighted policy to
do so even though it had the right.
One has only to revert to our
own country in. 1898, when the
Spanish-American war broke out.
No sooner was war declared than
this government was frantically I
scouring the world for arms and
munitions. What would have
been our plight had we not been
able to secure these supplies?
What would be our plight now,
should we become involved in
war? We haven't enough arms
and ammunition to last two
months and no facilities for mak
ing them iii the quantities in
which they would be required.
Treaties between civilized na
tions for the last 250 years have
contained clauses dealing with the
furnishing of arms and munitions
in case of war, and there are such
treaties now in existence between
our country and all of those en
gaged in the present war.
Partisans of Germany have no
just cause for complaint over our
shipping war munitions to ling
land. The German government,
which understands the situation,
has made no complaint. It merely
reserves the right to seize such
shipments whenever it can, and
that right is guaranteed it by all
rules of international law.
"YOURS TRULY, JOHN L."
To the Anti-Saloon League,
meeting in Atlantic City, John L.
Sullivan wires: "I refuse to ap
pear on any platform where Gen.
Nelson A. Miles has strutted. The
referee's decision is with me. Let
us call it quits."
Thus ends the gentle and joy-
ous passage of arms which began
when Gen. Miles objected to ap-
with Mr. Sullivan and which the
diplomats of the league fancied
lli,... i.... i 1...1 i... i :.... -....
iii wli avoided uy naving vien.
iUil)C-a.JS011 " ednesday, Mr.
The league is the poorer by not
hearing Mr. Sullivan explain that
Corbett ncycr'Akcd him, repeat
the" niimortnlf remark that "booze
done it," and describe the titanic
hattlcstsSncc engaged in by John
Lawrence and John Barleycorn.
The,' referee, poor fellow, has
licaA-ier troubles. Shall he call a
itful on the old ring "champeen"
for impolitely alluding to Gen.
Miles's martial mien as a "strut"
or award the bout to him on
points for ring strategy and ca
pacity to take and give punish
ment? Whatever the official de
cision may be, many ringside
critics will agree that "Yours
truly, John L." still has his punch.
ON SEAMEN'S BILL
Washington. Trades unionists have
had the notion that a referendum af
forded opportunity for the presentation
of both sides of a question. This has
been somewhat modified in the an
nouncement by the Chamber of Com
merce of the United States that this
organization will hold a referendum on
tlie seamen's hill.
Tile chamber intimates that the fol
lowing plan, if adopted by affiliated or
ganizations, will be considered an ex
pression of opinion and at the same
time dispense with any consideration of
the subject by individual members.
"A popular method, which commends
itself highly as providing a means for
practical expression, is that of referring
the referendum pamphlet to a special
committee which, in mm, prepares its
report and recommendations as to vot
ing. This is then submitted to the en
This scheme eliminates thinking or
study by the membership, and a com
plete vote is the easie-t thing imagin
able. That every possible force may be ar
rayed against the seamen's bill when the
next Congress assembles, the Chamber
of Commerce ends its announcement
with this statement :
"It is hoped that the result may be
known well in advance of the present
date set for the convening of Congress."
John Street Uplifters Peeved
By Central Ave. Promoters
Vigorously Protest Against Movement to Change Name
of John Street Cars ia Central Avenue Cars and
Threaten Retaliation by Not Patronizing the Latter
Thoroughfare's Numerous Saloons.
"I views with alahni and regret the ac
tion of ouli neighbor, the Central Ave
nue Improvement Association, iu tryin'
to have the name of the John street
cars changed to Central avenue cars,"
said President Erastus Johnsing of the
John Street Improvement Uplift, Wel
fare ami General I )o-Vonr-Neighbor-Good
Association, at ils regular weekly
meeting Friday night.
"We all has lived in peace so fall
with ouli neighbors to the- east, but we
all caiu't do the lion and the lamb act
anil lie down with Central avenue, with
us inside, like the lamb. I f we are goin'
to hold ouli proud position in the great
sisterhood of streets we must fight foil
"I was bopin' that this paht of town
would escape the wall of streets that
has been engagin' in ouli fair city fob
many yeahs. Main street merchants have
been scrappin' with Walnut and Vine;
Fotith street has a feud with Fifth, and
George with Lungwort!) fob the' busi
ness each of them is engaged in, and 1
must say fob George and Longworth
that they arc less bittah in their wah
farc than the othab belligerents. They
have used no aspbyxiatin' gas, but have
confined themselves to the quality and
appearance of the principal commodity
they have to sell.
Iti'aily to Fight.
"We all could look with composure on
the battle of the other improvement as
sociations and remain neutral so long
as they ilid not try to torpedo us with
Iheir submarines. Hut when ouli neigh
bor, Central avenue, tries to steal any
of oub glory, then we lights.
"What right has that bunch of pawn
brokers and secondhand dealers on Cen
tral avenue to try to steal the name of
ouli cars? Who wants to go on Central
avenue when he can get to John street?
"We all are not jealous of Central
avenue. We 'should like to sec it pros
pah. An' we ain't jealous of Main street,
nor Vine nor Fouth. No one cvah heard
of us tearin' down no dinky little ole
I bridge air! makin' a nat'onal holiday out
of the event, like the Main street mer
chants did a short time ago. We all
ain't tryin' to hog the ring an' yappin'
about bavin' the best street and the best
bargains in town. There is othab good
streets in town besides oub own. Hut
we ain't goin' to let no bunch of Cen
tral avenue Dutch and Jews get thp best
of us niggabs without a scrap.
"We all has spent oub tim- -much of
it in jail and ouli monej - -much; of it
m lines to make John street populah
and widely known, an' we ain't a goin'
The Living Standard of Wages
W. D. Mahon, president of the Amal
gamated Association of Street and Elec
tric Kail way Employes of America, and
one of the foremost labor leaders of the
country, made the following observa
tions in the course of the arbitration
proccdings between the Chicago street
railway companies and their employes.
Mr, Mahon said :
"I have heard it argued since I have
been in this arbitration that it is a very
difficult thing to establish proper living
conditions, because of men's different
desires and wants, but that is not true.
In my opinion, taking the family of five
as the basis that is given by the govern
ment, for the family of five a man
should have a comfortable home of at
least five rooms; one room for the
female children and one for the male
children, if there are such in the family
of live; that there be a bedroom for the
wife and husband; two living rooms; a
bathroom with all of the reasonable
modern conveniences of a home for the
benefit of the family. There should be
carpets and rugs on the lloor; there
should be pictures upon the wall; there
should be music in the home.
"There is nothing more inspiring to a
higher and better life, in my opinion,
than music, and there should he music
in the home. There should be books;
Ingersoll said that a bookcase was an
arsenal and that if we could establish
more of them in the homes there would
be less prisons, and I believe it. There
should be wholesome food for the fam
ily; there should be a wage to enable
the worker to keep his children at home
and in school until they reach at least
18 years of age, so that they could be
properly educated and equipped for life.
The family should be so surrounded
that they could enjoy some of the
amusements and entertainments of life;
they should be enabled to go to a thea
ter and get some of the ideas of a high
er and better life. They should have
respectable clothing, that they' could go
out to these entertainments, to church
and to school.
to let no Central avenue snatch the
laurel from ouli civic brow and slap a
crown of thorns on ouli haids.
Ilml Xo Xolti- Case.
"Of co'se, we all ain't had no Nolte
case to give us publicity by keepin' oub
name in the papahs fob days at a time.
When we all takes a shot at some bad
niggah and sends him to the morgue, the
papalis gives us a measly little ole para
graph and forgits us. Hut Central ave
nue pulls off a murder and gets nation
wide advertisin'. Now it wants to steal
the name of oub car line.
"Central avenue can come ovah heah
and beat us shootin' craps, if it can; it
can steal oub wives, if it wants 'em; it
can take oub trade away from us, if it
has any John Wanamakers ovah there
who thinks they can do it, but when it
tries to take the immortal name of John
street offeu the street cars, then we
adopts the tactics of the other leadin'
merchant's associations anil lights for
all we can get.
"Central avenue should be satisfied
with what it gets from John street. It
gets a large paht of ouli trade, as it is,
as it has mob saloons than we have.
Hut if it persists in tryin' to steal oub
car line, then it is time to declare a
boycott and keep out of oub neighbor's
"The John Street Improvement As
sociation has done mob to advertise ouh
street than any othab thing cvah started
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"In my opinion, one of the things that
is doing more harm in the world today
than anything else is the fact that there
is not a wage sufficient to enable the par
ent to properly clothe and equip his chil
dren. Children are kept from the
school today and from the church and
Sunday school because of their clothes
and conditions, and that, in my opinion,
and from my observation, is doing more
to demoralize and drive the children
away on the downward road than any
thing else can do, and due to the fact
that there is not a sufficient wage to en
able the father to properly support and
care for the children.
"Our juvenile courts and institutions
in their reports all reflect that very
strongly, that the children that come un
der their care and direction are the chil
dren of parents who have to neglect
them ; the mothers neglect them to be
come themselves breadwinners, to help
support the family, go out to work and
neglect the children and leave them to
grow up at home alone, and the en
i vironment that they arc placed under
makes them ashamed to go to school
and to church and other places, and that
is one of the things that is doing more
to demoralize the society of the world
today, in my opinion, than any other
thing, and my opinion is that there
should be a wage to overcome that and
to place every workman in that position.
1 "I know it will be argued that all
' won't do that, hut thousands today
! would be glad of the opportunity to do
it, and would do it, and that is my no
( tion of a living wage. I could never
i bring myself to bel'eve that the only
tiling that a man wa created for was to
work, simply to toil in order to exist.
I think he would be better off if he
I would die right quick than to have to
continue under that condition merely to
j exist. As some of our Socialist friends
put it, that all be is here for is to
I propagate his species and then pass
down hcah, and what we all must do in
this crisis which faces us is to stand
shoulder to shoulder, with ouh feet
firmly planted on the bar railin' and
out-tall: Central avenue.
"Gen'lmen, let no opportunity pass to
talk John street. Tell of its beauty, its
culture, its unsurpassed trading facili
ties, its desirability as a residence street.
An' when you. have run out of argu
ments in ouh favoh, take a wallop at
TIOLKIMIOXIO WOltKKItS STItlKH.
Rochester, N. Y. Members of the
Electrical Workers' union employed by
the Home Telephone company arc on
strike. The company recently discharged
several women employes because they
favord organization. The company's re
fusal to reinstate these workers forced
McEWEN NOT MARRIED
In the issne of June 20. The
Labor Advocate stated that Thom
as McEwen, business agent of
Bridge and Structural Iron Work
ers No. AA, had been married on
June !) to Mrs. Mary E. Kelly, by
the Rev. II. Ilacfner'at the par
sonage, No. 27 E. Ninth street.
The Labor Advocate has since
been assured by Mr. McEweu that
no such ceremony was performed
and that he is not married.
The Labor Advocate printed
this alleged news on what it con
sidered unquestioned authority,
and did not doubt the authenticity
of its information until so in
formed by Mr. McEwen. It seems
that some persons with a mis
directed sense of humor, trusting
to their close connection with The
Labor Advocate, made this paper
an innocent party to what they
conceived to be a joke on Mr.
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