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THE LABOR ADVOCATE
Munitions Law to Rule
Both Capital and Labor
British Employers Must Not Declare Lockouts Nor
Workers Go on Strike Until Board of Trade Con
siders Case Measure Has Wide Scope.
FAVORS SEAMEN'S LAW;
OWNERS' PLEA EXPOSED
BY WASHINGTON POST
Why Not Make Free
Trip to Frisco Fair
London. The text of the munitions of
war hill, introduced hy Mr. Lloyd George, i
consists of three parts, comprising sev
enteen clauses, with two schedules.
Clause 1 enacts that the Hoard of
Trade shall settle any dispute between
employers and employes in defatdt of
agreement by the parties concerned, and
the award will be binding on both, fail
ure to comply with the award will con
stitute an offense..
Clause 2 provides that an employer
shall not declare a lockout and an em
ploye shall not take part in a strike
unless the difference has been reported
to the Hoard of Trade and one month
has elapsed, and the difference has not
during that month been referred by the
Hoard of Trade for settlement.
The differences to which Part 1 of
the hill applies are differences as to
rates of wages, hours of work, or other
wise as to terms or conditions of or af
fecting employment on the manufacture
or repair of arms, ammunition, ships,
vehicles, or any other articles required
for use in war, or of the machines or
tools required for that manufacture or ployer's consent to his leaving has been
repair. 1 unreasonably withheld may complain to
a tribunal, which has power to grant a
Applies to Other Disputes. 'certificate.
It als: applies to disputes in any other , Under I'art III, owners of cstablish
work of any description if the King by incuts must give information to the Min
proclamatiou declares that in his opinion j ister, if required, as to the number of
it is expedient in the national interest. It their employes, the number of machines
is not necessary that a strike or lockout
should be in existence for the act to be
Any proposal for any change in the
rate of wages of employes in the estab
lishment shall be submitted to the Min
ister, and not be made without his con
sent. If the Minister so directs, or if
the Minister's consent is Withheld, the
firm proposing the change may refer the
matter to one of three arbitration tri
bunals and the consent of the tribunal,
if given, shall have the same effect as
the consent of the Minister.
Any rule, practice or custom not hav
ing the force of law which tends to re
strict production or employment shall beof
suspended in the establishment, and il
any person incites or encourages any
employer or person employed to comply,
or continue to comply, with such a rule,
practice or custom, that person shall be
guilty of an offense under this act. If
any question arises on this point it is to
be referred to the Hoard of Trade, who
may either determine it themselves or
refer it to an arbitration tribunal, whose
decision shall he conclusive.
All persons employed shall comply
vtith regulations made applicable to the
establishment with respect to the general
ordering of the work in order to attain
and maintain a proper standard of effi
ciency. RISKS RUN BY COUSINS
In an article on the marriage of cous
ins, printed in the Eugenics Review
(London), Prof. Edward Ncttleship of
Loudon University (who died recently)
adduced statistics of several isolated lo
calities in which the intermarriage of
near relatives has been almost universal,
to show that these communities are un
usually healthy, their people are long
lived, the families are large and there
are no signs of weakness. I lis conclusion
is that "marriages hetwen cousins are as
safe from the eugenic point of view as
any other marriages, provided the par
ents and stock are sound. The difficulty,
of course, is to decide upon this vital
point." When there is weakness in a
common ancestor a weakness that is or
may be hereditary insanity or tendency
to tuberculosis, for instance the chil
dren of cousins inherit it from both
sides. Hut the same is true of any strik
ing strength or marked talent.
However, the objection to the mar
riage of near relatives is too deeply root
ed to be abolished .y even proof that in
case of perfect heredity it is harmless;
for few men and women can be abso
lutely certain that their heredity is per
fect. The writer of this knows of a case
in which first cousins both perfectly
healthy and the children of seemingly
healthy parents were on the point of
marriage when a distant relative showed
them that their great-grandfather had
died of a terrible blood disease and re
vealed to them what neither of their par
ents had known, that their mutual grand
mother had suffered from an inherited
form of this same disease. Later the
mother of the young man became in
sane. Had it not been for that distant
relative stepping in and revealing a secret
that had been kept from the parents of
the young people these would have mar
ried and that remote weakness would
probably have manifested itself in their
children. Such weaknesses as that arc
carefully concealed even in families;
therefore the cousins who marrv are. to
say the least, running a great risk
The owners must comply with any
reasonable requirements of the Minister
is to information or otherwise
Clause (J states that if any workman
enters into an undertaking to work at
a controlled establishment and fails to
comply he will be guilty of an offense.
An employer will commit an offense if
he dissuades or attempts to dissuade a
workman in his employ from entering
into an undertaking, or retains or offers
to retain any workman who has entered
into such an undertaking after' he has
received notice from the Minister of
Munitions that the man is to work at
some other establishment.
Kniploycs on Itccoril. '
Under Clause 7 an employer shall not
employ a workman who has been engaged
in munition making unless the man holds
a certificate from his last employer that
lie left with his consent, or a certificate
from the munitions tribunal that the con
sent has been unreasonably withheld, or j
unless six weeks have elapsed.
A workman who thinks that an cm-
and the nature ol the work.
False statements, the giving of false
certificates or the wearing of badges in
a manlier calculated to deceive are con
Failure lo comply with an award
means, upon summary conviction, a fine
not exceeding 5 ($25) for each day or
part of a day during which the contra
vention or failure to comply continues.
If the guilty person happens to be an em
ployer the line will apply to each man in
respect of whom the contravention takes
Employers declaring a lockout will be
penalized to the amount of .." in respect
ach man for each day. 1 he pen-
Ity is similar in the ease ol strikers.
Three pounds is the penalty for contra
vention of or failure to comply with
regulations in a controlled establish
ment or any undertaking given by a
Non-payment of a fine does not mean
imprisonment for a workman, but the
tribunal may, without prejudice to any
other available means of recovery, make
an order requiring deductions from
wages due, and the person by whom the
wages are paid will have to account for
the sums deducted. It is specifically
stated that a workman "shall not be im
prisoned" in respect to the non-payment
of a fine.
XI'IW AdKIMCMIONTS SKJXIOI).
Newburg, N. V. The Typographical
union report,1; that a new five-year agree
ment, with betterments, has been signed
with employers. The Makers' union has
reduced working hours from nine to
eight and secured a new agreement. A
contract has also been entered into be
tween the Street Car Men's union and
the local company.
Detroit. "Organization is the prac
tical way for the advancement of the
wage earner," declared Louis F. Post,
of the United States department of
labor, in an address at the closing of
the convention of the Association of
Governmental Labor Officials of the
United States and Canada.
WIN TWO-PliATOOX SVKTKM.
Colorado Springs, Colo. With thr
adoption of the two-platoon system the
City Firemen's Association has in
creased in membership. The union is
affiliated to the American Federation of
Labor anil recently initiated an ordi
nance providing for shorter hours. It
was adopted by !)()() majority.
STATU UNIONISTS TO .MIOIOT.
Charleston, S. C Officers of the
state federation of labor have issued a
call for the first annual convention to
be held at the Isle of Palms, August !)
and It). This organisation was only re
cently formed, and it is the intention
of South Carolina unionists to make the
event a notahjc one.
"Your friend Mriggs has a fine coat of
tan. He must be fond of outdoor
"lie is. That fellow spends two hours
every afternoon standing out in the hot
sun in front of a baseball bullet
Washington. "The seamen's act
should stand exactly as it is, at least
until the need is shown for amendment.
The protest sent up by the steamship
interests is entirely too self-centered to
be accepted without scrutiny," says the
Washington Post in a leading editorial.
The newspaper refuses to take the
word of shipping interests and allies on
this question and declares the com
panies are "trying to stampede" the na
tional administration into repealing the
law hy predicting the speedy death of
all steamship lines.
"The law is not destructive of the
merchant marine," says the Post. "It
does require additional precautions,
which cost some money. It provides
that 75 per cent of the crew shall be
able to understand the orders given by
the officers. Is that unreasonable? What
would be thought of a general sending
a regiment of soldiers to protect the
people of a city and permitting an ar
rangement whereby the soldiers could
not understand the orders of their
chief? A ship at sea meets conditions
comparable to those of war and fire,
where instant teamwork is necessary to
pi event wholesale loss of life. A con
crete case of disaster on account of in
ability to understand orders was that
of the steamship City of Rio dc Janeiro,
lost at the entrance of the Golden Gate
in 11)01. The Chinese crew could not
understand the orders of the American
"The seamen's act also requires bet
ter provision for lifeboats and life rafts.
Do the steamship interests object to
this? If so, let them object. The coun
try will not approve of a return to the
old deadly dangers merely because safe
ty appliances arc an expense to the
steamship companies. The public pays
the bill in any event."
PROVES TO BE SUCCESS
SAYS QUEENSLAND PAPER
Mrisbane, Queensland, Australia. At
the recent elections the labor party se
cured control of the government in this
state, which tried compulsory voting for
the first time in Australia. Opponents
of the laboritcs passed the law, believ
ing that it would aid them. The result
proved their mistake.
Commenting on this new voting idea,
the Adelaide Daily Herald predicts an
extension of the compulsory voting plan,
as the labor party controls Australia.
The paper says :
"It is to be feared that many persons,
who should be whole-heartedly for la
bor, treat their political obligations all
too lightly. In time of national stress
they will vote, but when all is going
wi.ll. nianv do not. The compulsory
voting provision acts as a spur to them.
It may be taken for granted that the
principle will be adopted in the com
monwealth arena at an early date."
The Daily Herald says that the
I VJiieensiami eieciion aim me mumim
the labor party snows inai uie voicrs
in that state did not forget the clumsy
attempts of the government three years
ago to break a strike of street car
workers. Armed bodies of men were
brought froln the country districts, and
the affair was treated as a civil war.
Since then "there has been ample time
to expose the lies that served so well
j ears ago," and even non-labor voters
resented the deception that had been
practicd on them.
PUKSS.M ION'S DISPUTIO lONDS.
Pressmen's Home, Tenn. Differences
between t he International Printing
i . f
ressmen and Assistants union and un
affiliated locals of New ork City,
feeders' unions of Huffalo and St. Louis
and Web Pressmen's union of Newark,
N. J., are at an end. Patience and con
tinued negotiations have again united
these workers, who have signed a re
port to this effect and call upon the
membership to accept same with the end
in view 'hat the international "may be
of increasing influence for the advance
ment of the requirements of our mem
bership." SUPPORT PltOK. ItltKWSTKIt.
Denver, Colo, The Trades and Labor
Assembly has protested against the dis
missal of Prof. Hrewster from the law
department of the state university, and
declares that this action "is because of
the subsidizing tendency of the Rocke
feller influence and money, which seeks
to use its influence with the board of
regents to poison truth and justice at
its fountain head, our institutions of
IKON WOKK10KS WIN STIIIKK.
Savannah, Ga. The newly organized
Structural Iron Workers' union has won
its strike for higher wages, time and
one-half for overtime ami double time
for Sunday work. The strike lasted
less than three days.
The Labor Advocate has decided to
give its friends the opportunity to make
some of the most pleasurable trips to be
taken in this country, and at no expense
Would you like to make the trip to
the American Federation of Labor meet
ing in San Francisco next fall?
Would you like to go to the meeting
of the Ohio State Federation at Mans
The trip to San Francisco will be made
at the time when the great Panama Ex
position is in full swing; at the time
when all the nations of the world will
have their exhibits fully completed, and ,
when the crowds will be at their largest
and the city of the Golden Gate in its
most gala attire.
The opportunity seldom has been of
fered to the person of moderate means
to take such trip without cost to himself.
mis trip means a uuerui cuucuiiou; u
means that you may sec all the wonders
of modern times, meet and mingle with
the peoples of all countries; see the
greatest works of art; the most wonder
ful buildings and electrical effects ever
shown ; the Chicago and the St. Louis
Fairs were as the first steamboat that
ran up the Hudson as compared with the
present-day trans-Atlantic ocean grey
hounds when viewed with what San
Francisco will offer to the world this
The trip to Mansfield, O., while of
lesser importance, also has manifold ad
vantages. Mansfield is a modern little
TRAIN DEATHS SHOW
50 PER CENT DROP
SulVty Precautions Itclleeti'd Also hi
Decrease In Number of Hurt.
Washington. Reports made to the In
terstate Commerce Commission by the
steam railways of the country pursuant
to law covering the quarter ending
March 31 shows that 05 persons were
killed and 1,1)72 injured in train acci
dents for the quarter. Compared with
the same period the preceding year this
was a decrease of nearly 100 per cent in
the fatalities and of more than 5 per
cent in the accidents reporting simply
There was also a considerable de-,
crease in the number of other accidents,
including those of employes engaged in
railway work and to employes engaged
in other work than the operation of
trains, classed as "industrial accidents."
There were fewer railway accidents in
the first quarter of the present year
than for the corresponding period of
Altogether the report is an excellent
showing for the railways, proving that
railway travel is becoming safer every
year. The report shows that 74.8 per
cent of the derailments were due. the
commission finds, to defective roadway
and defective equipment. Of the acci
dents due lo defective roadway, about
31.3 per cent were caused by broken
rails, and of the derailments due to de
fective equipment 38 per cent were
causd by defective or broken wheels.
A ItOMANCIO OK TIIK UAIN.
Little Psyche Smithson sauntered by
In her little bathing dress coining to the
Phoebus smiled from heavens blue as
blue could be.
Came some inky storm clouds racing
down the sky,
Hringing lot? of raindrops which arc
Little Psvche Smithson turned around
Little Psyche Smithson ran as for a bet;
Scuttled into shelter ere the storm clouds
"My," gasped little Psyche, "I almost got
wet!" M. M.
A disappointed lightning bug
Went Hitting through the night,
Disgruntled that his work in life
Was merely giving light.
Cried he: "I've studied ways of men
And find without a doubt
'Tis not the silent shining chap
Folks ever hear about.
"And this is why I sadly weep;
My lot is reft of joys:
I'd rather be a thunder bug
And make a great big noise."
city, nestling in one of the most beautiful
valleys in the world. A week there will
give you an outing, free from the smoke
and grime of a great city, a chance to
"get back to the country" and sec the
likeness of the old-home town. ,
Do you want to take one of these
This is how you can do it without cost
to yourself :
The one obtaining the greatest number
of votes will receive a railroad ticket
over any line lie may choose, sleeping car
fare and $50 in cash to pay his incidental
The one receiving the second highest
number of votes will receive his railroad
fare to and from Mansfield, O., and $35
To the person receiving the third high
est number of votes will be given the
same railroad facilities and $23 in cash.
To the contestant getting the fourth
highest number of ballots there will be
given the same railroad facilities and $15
Docs this sound good to you?
Then this is the way to obtain for
yourself or your friends these coveted
Come to Room 31, Thorns Building,
Main and Fifth streets, and the details
will be explained. It will not cost you
a cent to inquire, and it may mean one
of the most profitable and pleasurable
events of your life.
When I looked upon her photo I was
quite bewitched, in toto;
I was captivated to the point of
I perused each charming feature of the
And my fervent admiration verged on
"She is charmin', she is rippin'l She's
a lily, she's a pippin!
She's the perfect piece of porcelain
from the pottery!
She's a lyric, she's a Sapphic! She's the
dame that blocks the traffic!
She's the first prize in life's everlast
Gained I not aniutroduction I'd have
My passion was both terrible and
Hut I'd friends and soon could bring
'em to produce this piece of ging
ham, Though they did it in a manner mis
anthropical. Hubbies, we, and breezes bust us! Did
the picture do her justice?
Is. mythology constructed by machin
ery? 1 confess to irritation, also to my ad
miration For the artist who retouched that bit
of scenery 1
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
NIOW TKIAL IIKKUSIOI).
I liiiwsoii Is Si-nti'iit-cil T hi IV Im
prisonment at I laid liiiltnr.
Trinidad, Colo. John R. Lawson,
la!,or leader, convicted of murder in
connection with strike disorders, was
denied a new trial by Judge Granby Ilill
yer in Ditsirct court.
Lawson was sentenced to spend the
remainder of his life at hard labor in
the state penitentiary.
Lawson read a lengthy statement, in
which he maintained his innocence,
chamed that he had been made the vic-
I tint of "a corporation-controlled prosecu
tion" and alleged that his trial had been
a travesty on justice. During the
reading Lawson faltered more than once.
With a few remarks to the defendant,
Judge Hillyer pronounced sentence.
Attorney F. W. Clark, representing
Lawson, was granted 00 days to file a
bill of exceptions and 30 days' stay of
execution. Counsel also asked that,
pending action on the appeal by the Su
preme court, the convicted man be al
lowed bond. 1 his the court said could
in t be granted, and the labor leader was
taken to jail.
"Why do you prefer a motor boat to
a sail boat?"
"It's more exciting. In a sail boat you
face death by drowning only, while in a
motor boat you may drown, you may be
burned to a crisp by a gasoline explosion
or you may starve to death when the en
gine breaks down ten miles from shore."