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THE LABOR ADVOCATE
Would Jail the
Chairman Walsh Says Congress Should Cite Them for
Contempt if They Continue to Defy the Nation
Also After Capitalist's Press Agent.
Chicago. "If tile next Congress rep
resents the people of the United States,
its first act will he to cite hefore it
John ID. Rockefeller, John ID. Rocke
feller. Jr.. and Mackenzie King, their
tool. And if these men continue to de
fy the Nation they should he indicted
for criire against the government and
sent to jail."
Frank P. Walsh, chairman of the com
mission on industrial relations, made
this declaration hefore several thousand
men anil women at a mass meeting call
ed to protest the trial and conviction of
John R. Lawson.
The demand that the Rockefellers
ami their press agent he jailed was made
in connection with the refusal of these
men to answer certain questions put to"
them while hefore the commission on in
dustrial relations at Washington.
"The case of I.aw.son is the case of
the mine operators and the mine work
ers." continued the speaker "The Col
orado Fm-I and Iron company, which
John I). Rockefeller rules through his
sou, and of which Latnont M. Mowers,
Pennsylvania Miners Prepare
To Demand Eight Hour Day
Scrantou. I 'a. International President
White and officers and memhers of the.
United Mine Workers' Union, are con-,'
ducting the most extensive organizing
campaign in the history of the anthra
cite coal fields. The campaign will con
tinue until next Labor Day, when rep
resentatives of the three anthracite dis
tricts will meet to prepare demands of
the miners for presentation to the op
erators. The first of next April the present
agreement expires and the miners are
strengthening their lines for this
event. While they are not discussing
ftrike at this time, the history of the
miners is that of every other organi
zation preparation makes neace nossi
hi:. President White has taken per
sonal charge of the campaign, lie is
addressing one and two meetings every
day. Monster parades are a feature of
these gatherings. It is estimated that
there are now fltl.Otill unaffiliated miners
m the anthracite region, On this figure
t'-e organizing campaign managers base
Makes Plea for
Showing the effect of lout; hours of
labor upon the workers, President
Mahon. of the Amalgamated Associa
tion of Street and Klectrie Workers, in
his testimony before the arbitration
board in Chicago last week, said :
"The whob tendency of the civil
bed world is toward the reduction of
tilt, hours of labor, For the last twenty
four years we have been contending in
America for an ciuht-hour day. It is
not only a benefit to men ami women
who are employed, hut it is a sign of
"In the horse ear days our men work
ed from twelve to sixteen hours a day.
They fired the mules and substituted
electric cars, but no benefit front the
improved machinery came to the men
who toiled. There is no other way for
a working man to share in the benefits
of improved machinery except hy short
er hours and better wages.
"We contend these improvements
weren't created solely for our friends,
the capitalists, to net more dividends,
in the horse car era a man did a good
day's work if be hauled too or .100 pas
senders during the course of fifteen or
sixteen hours. Now, with machinery,
a man will haul as many passengers in a
single trip. The working men are en
titled to a share of the increased profits
due to the advance of civilization.
"Go to any industrial center and take
ACTIVK IX KOKO.MO.
Kokomo, Inil. The trade union move
ment has recorded several advances in
this city recently. Plumbers were suc
cessful in their strike for higher wages
and the carpenters raised rates 'iVi cents
an hour as the result of a strike. The
Typographical union has increased its
membership and several unions have
SU;. CliKltKS' ACHKKMKXT.
Steubenville. O. Retail clerks suc
ceeded in having their new agreement
signed by business men in this city.
Closing hours are regulated and all em
ployes eligible to membership shall be
come members of the union within thirty
days alter commencement oi employ
ment. Where disputes arise, arbitration
is agreed to. I
chairman of the executive committee,
was local representative on the ground,
controls Colorado industrially and po
litically. Realizing they could not se
cure the conviction of the miners in any
other way, they had a hill passed in the
legislature creating a new judicial dis
trict ; and the newly elected governor
appointed to the new judicial position
thus created a lawyer who had served
in a suhordinate capacity on the legal
staff of the corporation. With this law
yer as judge, even then it was found
necessary to pack the jury in" order to
ohtain conviction for murder.
"In the trial of Lawson the honor and
integrity of the United States judiciary
is ahsolutcly on trial."
James Lord, president of the A. F.
of L. mining department, and Mother
Jones also snokc. The former declared
that John ID. Rockefeller directed the
mine operators and he "should he tried
land convicted of murder for the massa
cre of the innocent women and children
at Ludlow and the murdering of the
, different leaders in the ranks of the
strikers who were slain hy his gunmen."
I heir hope for a hundred per cent or
ganization and have adopted as their
slogan, "after fifty thousand converts."
"Organize" is heard from every plat
form in the three districts. "Those who
would he helped must first try to help
themselves," declared President White
in one of his speeches. "Operators do
notlook upon the mine workers' organi
zation as the representative of the non
affiliated miners, they only count the
strength of the organization. Conse
quently the fellow on the outside of the
union is the best friend of the opera
tors." To show his faith in organization.
President White makes this pledge,
which is receiving hearty indorsement
hy miners who know what trades union
ism has accomplished:
"Give your representatives a 100 per
cent organization and we will secure
for the men of the anthracite region
the eight-hour day and other ideal con
ditions for which you have longed for
lo, these many years."
a stand where you can watch the men
who go to work early in the morning
those who labor from early till late.
Vou will see the effect in his looks, his
dress: be is ragged, haggard, and care
worn. Go into his home and you will
see the same pinched, hopeless expres
sion written on the faces of his wife and
children. When a man works sixteen
hours at II cents an hour he doesn't
want more money; what he wants is
"Now wail two hours am
see the ten-hour men going
Vnil Will .. Ilflti.t- mml i.i
..... ,.w ........1 l.ll.., ,,, .II.IJ I fc.-
spect. Then a little later you will oh-
CPPVP til tnnliiii!f tittm u'ahNp iiwrl.t
hours a day. He has his dinner pail,
a pipe in his mouth, and a smile on his
"The next class of people whom you
will see on their way to work are the
six-hour men well dressed, a cigar in
stead ol a pipe, and without the dinner
pail, hor shorter hours forces
scale of living.
"Then in a couple of hours
class of men will speed by you
lirious limousines. These nw:i
about an hour clipping coupons. All
that can be observed if vou viit to
observe it. You will find the iliffnr !.
that results from shorter Ikhms in ,vi
trade and in any coniint'iiily."
ItKKIHl'K OK OIUJANIZATION.
Minneapolis. Milk wagon drivers in
this city illustrate the gains that are pos
sible through organization. Three years
ago these workers were unorganized and
were paid K a month. The rates today
are $(!.' for the first six months, and
after that $70 a mouth with commission.
In many cases wages now total $0(1 a
TO A.MKXH KIjWTION laws
111 Paso, Tex. A
Texas citizens to
amendment to the
hich would permit
sentiug the railroad
issued an appeal to
support the proposed
State Constitution w
railroad employes am
I others necessarily
ay to vote in prc
in which they hap-
absent on election d
cincts in the locality
pen to be
CALLS MATE CHAMPION
KISSER OF DETROIT
Znpoi-s ltim Mg Hotel, While Clung-
cd He Kissed Maids, Cooks
Detroit. "He kissed every woman in
our hotel. He kissed all the guests in
the parlors, he kissed all the maids on
the stairs and he kissed all the cooks
in the kitchen."
That was the indictment spoken by
Mrs. IJIlen Zapor in her contested suit
for divorce from Charles Zapor, joint
owners of the Carlsbad Hotel on Cass
The case had been moving slowly be
foie Judge Mandell and at last the court
"Mrs. Zapor," said he sharply, "can't
you give some specific reason why I
should grant this divorce rather than the
vague and very general charges you
Mrs. Zapor hesitated hut a moment
and then she shot out the words like a
rattle of musketry. Her husband looked
startled and Hushed while the entire
courtroom (Tinted to look at the man
who had been described as the champion
kisser of the city.
Mrs. Zapor also declared that she had
painted china and made fine laces to
keep the hotel going while her husband
conducted a produce brokerage business
at Fort and Twelfth streets.
"I do not believe it is a good thing
for married folks to enter into a busi
ness partnership," said Judge Mandell
at one stage of the trial. "It has been
my experience in this court that as soon
as married folk go into business, both
the business and love fail."
When the defendant took the stand
he coyly admitted kissing several guests.
"She grabbed them and threw thciu
out of the window," he added mourn
fully. MKXIOAN WOKKICKS KTKIICK.
Phoenix. Ariz. State officials and the
general public were startled by rumors
of a revolt against the United States of
America, started by Mexicans, with
hfi'driuartcrs at Ray, this State.
Sp'cia detectives were loaded into
automobiles and rushed to the thrcat-
imiiwI Ini-nlilv. vvliricc nnlv- rnmmtinirn-
t'on w'Mi Ihe outride world is a tele
graph line owned bv the Kay Consoli-j
'la'od Alining Company Failure to call i
for troons to repel the invaders
aroused the suspicions of trades union
ists, wlio discovered that t.000 Mexi-,
can employees of the company had or
ganized a temporary union and gone'
ni strike when a wage increase was!
refused. Phoenix unionists called on l
Governor Hunt and presented the Mexi-J
cans' side of the controversy. The La-i
hor Journal of this citv warns workers'
to kern awav from Ray. The paper ;
charges (hat the company has !ifl or ISO
men among the strikirs and are attempt
ing to peruade them lo acts of violence,
and in that event "Ihe armed guards
can kill off a few Mexicans anil thus
driv the others back to work with no
further thought of organization."
WAGKS ItOAItDK CAN'T MKKT.
I Melbourne. Victoria, Australia, The
lluronean war is the reason Sir Alex
ander Peacock, minister of labor, gives
i for refusing to permit wages boards to
meet and transact business, as in nor
mal times. These hoards consist of rep
resentatives of employers and employes
who adiust wage scales and working
! conditions. Workers are demanding
that the boards be permitted to convPnc. '
Ins has ben done in New Zealand, New,
South Wales and other States that have
removed the cmbariro. The minister of
labor refuses lo yield, but has given as
Trai'ce that each individual case will,
hi' considered by him. and if workers
can show a cliai' in vne M-ah's js
necesiirv. he will nernut the board in '
hat industry or calling to consider same. I
Because of the government'? negative
tiiliul" inanv betterments demanded bv
the workers will probably be postponed
Vew York. Mavor Mit''hi'l has
ns'iued the following n a board of con
ciliation to adiust differences between
h" International Ladies' Garment Work
ers' Unions and (heir employers
I'-'lix Adler. Louis 11 llrandeis. llenrv
C Hruere. city chamberlain: George W.
Kirclnvev. former dean of Columbia Law
crh(i(il: Waller C. Noves, former judge
United Stales Circuit Court of Appeals,
ami Charles L. Ilernheimcr.
It is honed that another protocol policy
will be agreed lo. The employers, last
Maw "brognted an agreement that had
existid for five years.
I'AVIXCi ClTTTKItS ADVAXOK.
Albion. N. Y. Officers of the Paving
Cutters' Union of the United States and
Canada announce that a local has been
formed at Lohrville. Wis., and that satis
factory agreements have been signed at
Lyons, Colo,, and St. Scholastique, Quebec.
5h Of America rGlxr
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I'RIVATK KXCIIANOli WHST tiR!0
FLEISCHMANN'S YEAST !
THE BEST BREAD I
What is Germany Trying to Do?
German diplomacy has been singularly
inept ever since lesser men than Bis
marck essayed to direct it. In all the
negotiations which preceded the war it '
revealed a fatal incapacity to understand
any point of view but its own. Since'
the war began it has gone on from
blunder to blunder, nowhere more con-'
spicuously than in its dealing with the
United States. Count von liernsturff's
proposals to Secretary Lansing illustrate
afresh the futility of discussing grave i
issues with people wdio do not under
stand their gravity. The gist of his ar-1
gtiment if it may be dignified with such
a word was that the United States
should attempt to bring about a modus
vivendi between Great Britain and Ger
many on the (iiestion of submarine war
fare, that it should recognize the popu
larity of this warfare with the German
people, and that it should accept "oral
assurances" of regret that American
lives were lost by the sinking of the
Lusitania. And he added that the omis
sion of any expressions of regret from
the German note were "unintentional."
Surely no Ambassador ever before ap
proached a Secretary of State with sug
gestions at once so frivolous and so im
pertinent. The United States has de
manded satisfaction from Germany for
intolerable injuries, such as are. indeed.
almost irreparable. It has taken its
stand, not merely upon its own rights,
but upon "the sacred principles of justice
and humanity." It has declared that
the atrocity for which it calls Germany
to account was "unparalleled in modern
warfare." It has required, with all the
force of which language is capable, dis
avowal of past offenses and security that
they shall not be repeated. If Germany
does not now understand the American
position, it either cannot, or does not
wish to do so. In any case the honor
of this nation forbids further bargain-
IX DUST It I A t HINTS.
In Philadelphia there are Hi.liOT chil
dren between twelve and fourteen em
ployed in industry.
New York city's factory workers are
as many as all the inhabitants of St.
Louis, fourth largest city of the coun
try. St. Paul factories make l,:i()(),()00
shirts yearly, employ over -1(1(1 persons
and pay out $:150,0(!() per autiin in
Great piles of refuse around Scotch
iron and coal mines, regarded for vcars
as waste material, are being utilized for
the manufacture of bricks.
IN CHOOSING WHAT YOU
Ask for this Label when
purchasing Beer, Ale
As a guarantee that it is
S I RICTLY
ing. The pretense that any grievances
it may have against Great Britain are
of equal moment, that possible breaches
of international law injurious to Ameri
can trade are to be weighed iu the bal
ance with the murder of American citi
zens on the high seas, is too preposter
ous for consideration. Comt von Herus
torff doubtless knows this as well a's
anybody and his purpose of dragging
the United States into a quarrel with
Great Britain, under cover of which
Germany may escape the day of reckon
ing, is too obvious to deceive a child.
I'l-csldent Not Deveivcil.
It would be an insult to the intelli
gence of the President and the Secre
tary of State to assume for a moment
that they will be deceived by such pal
pably insincere manocuvers as these. If
Germany means to express due regret
for the intolerable injuries she has com
mitted, if she means to make reparation,
"so far as reparation is possible," she
must avow her intentions openly. The
United States has nothing to do with
the domestic politics of Germany. Tf
a humble apology for wrong-doing, if
the discontinuance of the methods of
submarine warfare she has practiced, if
a return to the principles of civilization
will humiliate the German Government
in the eyes of the German people ami
makc its position difficult or dangerous,
that is no affair of ours. It went into
this business with its eyes open, and it
must stand the conscucnccs. The Ad
ministration has been very, very patient
through all this controversy. It has al
lowed to Count von Bernstorff a liberty
such as no other Ambassador has ever
sought or received. It has permitted
plots against its neutrality which it
might have punished severely. But
there are some things it cannot permit.
One of these is any evasion, by hugger
mugger diplomacy, of the plain answer
which a plain question calls for. Phila
all been a pretty severe strain
The Venetians have at least one ad
vantage they can mine their own front
yards. Boston Herald.
There's a fortune and a gold medal
awaiting the first genius in a suburban
community who starts a jitney lawn
mower service. Boston Transcript.
A Brooklyn judge suspended sentence
on the condition that the culprit sbor.l 1
i immediately get married, says an ex
j change Whaddya mean, suspended
1 sentence? Detroit Free Press.