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THE LABOR ADVOCATE
Injunction Judges Roasted
By Illinois Labor Leader
, Zion City, Til. Secretary-Treasurer
Olandcr, of the State federation of la
bor, addressed a public meeting in the
interest of lace makers who have been
locked out and enjoined by court orders
from calling on employes of the Mar
shall Field lace factory "for the purpose
of inducing them to leave their employ
ment." Secretary Ok 'cr said these injunc
tion judges substitute a form of per
sonal government for government by
law. He showed that law courts have
invariably held that peaceful picketing
during a strike to be lawful, but that
regardless of such rulings the equity
courts forbid such picketing and thus
virtually set aside the law. The right
to combine with others in the exercise
of lawful personal rights, and to induce
others to do likcwisc is upheld in the
law courts, but is denied and forbidden
in many instances by the equity courts.
The right of trial by jury provided by
the constitutions of both the Nation and
State is never denied in court of law,
but the right of trial by jury is seldom,
JUDGES NEED WATCHING
SAYS COLLEGE PROFESSOR
Seattle, Wash. "We will never have
popular government in this country until
we have the courts. If the courts make
decisions which seem to you rank in
justice, do not hesitate to say so. The
courts arc open to criticism as well as
other public bodies. We have a right
to criticise anybody."
These sentiments were expressed by
Prof. J. Allen Smith of the University
of Washington, in a speech on "Labor
and the Courts." '
"Protest unfair court decisions," con
tinued the speaker. "Watch the appoint
ment of judges. Do not be afraid to
speak your mind concerning (he courts
as you would speak it concerning any
other political office or officer. Judges
are not gods and courts are not always
right. Let them feel the weight of pub
lic opinion ! We can't do it through the
legislatures entirely because they can
break any law we make 1 Our legisla
tures are no longer able to do it all for
us. Speak your mind on court decisions
and appointment of judges."
PICKETING IS LEGAL
SAYS CALIFORNIA MAYOR
San Diego, Cal. Mayor Capps has
vetoed an anti-pickcting ordinance pass
ed by the city council over a contrary
ruling b the city solicitor..
In his veto message, the mayor says:
"1 disapprove that portion of the above
section which reads as follows : 'to
loiter or to picket, act as a picket, or
assist or engage in any act of picket
ing, for the purpose of inducing or in
fluencing any person.'
"I believe the enforcement of the
above would be an invasion of the con
stitutional rights of a citizen.
"The loitering or picketing referred
to has been declared by almost all su
preme courts in their decisions as
'peaceful picketing' and not unlawful,
and it is the opinion of the city attor
ney that the supreme court of this State
would render a like decision.
"The advocates of the passage of this
ordinance have offered, to defray all ex
penses in connection with any court pro
ceeding which might be incurred by rea
son of its enforcement, hut I believe it
to be a very unwise proceeding for the
city to incur obligations of this nature,
against the advice of the city attorney,
which it may later be forced to meet."
TVIMIOIO TAKKS KO.OOO
Washington. Nearly .'10,000 persons
die from typhoid fever each year, while
400,000 persons are incapacitated, accord
ing to a report issued by the federal
public health service. In presenting
these figures the health service points
out that typhoid is a preventable dis
ease and declares that the United States
"is a generation behind the times in re
spect to the reduction of the typhoid
The health service says that Ameri
can cities arc hard to convince that
money spent in typhoid prevention is
well invested. Vaccination reduces ty
phoid danger 75 per cent, but sanitation
also is important in the prevention of
this disease, says the report.
OXH DOCK IJUIIjDKU.S' UXIOX.
if ever, recognized by judges sitting in
equity anu assuming tne ngut to them
selves to act in the triple capacity of
prosecutor, judge and jury. The in
junction process as used against work
ing people on strike is based upon the
old Roman theory that the citizen has
no rights except those accorded him by
the government. This is in direct op
position to the Saxon theory, upon which
American law is based, that the govern
ment may exercise only such rights as
are accorded it by the people,
The speaker also pointed out that sev
eral of the acts forbidden by the injunc
tion issued against striking lace makers,
are held by the United States Congress
to be entirely proper and right, because
these acts are specifically permitted by
the Clayton act. The members of the
national house of representatives and
Senate, by the passage of a law pro
hibiting the issuing of such injunctions
by the federal courts, have specifically
given their approval to the exercise of
the various rights which certain judges
in State courts undertake to forbid.
GAMBLER EATS MOTH
BALLS HE LIKES 'EM
Oil FieHls Men Hwir of Xew Kind of
DOJH'-Klcilll AetS IIS Ill'IU'l'l'.
Peiueta, Okla The old time dope
fiend, the fellow who is a slave to '
"coke," morphine and various other
drugs must give way to the moth ball
fiend. He is the latest. He is a gam
bler who infests the oil field, according
to John Williams of this vicinity, and
he eats the moth balls while sitting in
What benefit be derives from them
-"' "bether or not they act as a bracer
while he sits in a prolonged game of
"draw," Williams declares he does not
know, but the fact that the fellow is a
moth ball eater has been firmly estab
lished. Recently it has been charged in a Fed
oral Court action that a person came to
iiis death because of being a natural
iras fiend, one who enjoyed breathing
the gas from a leak in a pipe line. This
brand of a fiend is a close cousin to the
other one wlio delights in inhaling the
fumes of gasoline front a spout of a
can. And there was a prominent attor
ney not many years ago who developed
to be a sclzer fiend, but the moth ball
eater is a new one.
This gambler, according to Williams,
was always taking something from the
side pocket of his coat during a game
and putting it in his mouth. It was a
long time before any companion of his
learned what that something was, and
even now it is a supposed secret. His
friends believed that he carried cloves,
peppermint, a tablet of some kind or
perhaps a throat lozenge. He guarded
nis secret so wen mat it was months he
fore it was discovered. One night, while
he slept, his coat pocket was examined
and the moth balls were found.
OAK MUX KATIKY ACKHKMKXT.
FARM WOMEN OVERWORKED
SAYS WOMAN SPEAKER
Chicago. State legislators are always
fearful that proposed laws regulating
hours for women and children may ap
ply to farm life.
In an address before the banker-farmer
conference in this city Mrs. Nellie
Kedzie Jones, of Auburndale, Wis.,
shattered views these legislators have
on the happv, care-free life in the coun
try. She said :
"You may be proud of your crops
and of your herds of cattle, but it
seems to me that the most important
crop of all is the crop of boys and girls.
This crop can be improved only by bet
tering the lot of the mother.
"Because of farm drudgery thousands
of daughters leave the home acres every
year and seek easier and more con
genial employment in the cities. Some
of this vast army find their dreams ful
filled, but the vast majority give up the
struggle and are drawn into the whirl
pool from which there is no escape.
"Coffins arc the most expensive com
modity sold, yet thousands of farmers
are purchasing them for wives and chil
dren who have broken down under the
strain of hard work, ill nourishment and
lack of proper facilities."
LAND FOR UNEMPLOYED
PLANNED BY UNCLE SAM
w I i'.Jii
mwm ',' Uii
Only $1.60 a month for a
Good Night's Sleep
DO you realize how much of your worry arises
from uncertainty over money fear that your
income may hp cut off, fear that your family ma;.
not have food and clothing? We can not guar
antee your present income, but we can promise your
wife $ 1 ,000 in case of your death, if you will pay
us only $1.60 a month (age 25). For $3.80 a
month (age 25) we can do that and also promise
you $1,000 in twenty years, payable to yourself.
If this appeals to you at all, do something! Inquire
today of Jewell and Jewell, General Agents for
Cfje Simon Central life
Offices for rent in magnifi
cent Home Office Huildinc.
JESSE R. CLARK. Prcs. OF CINCINNATI
Low Cost to Policy Holders
Washington. A committee appointed
by Secretary of the Interior Lane and
Secretary of Labor Wilson is at work on
a plan to relieve unemployment, under
which the federal government would fi
nance workers desiring to take up farm
land. A complete program, with pre
liminary drafts of necessary legislation,
is to be framed before congress meets ill)
December, to be proposed in connection i
with a rural credits bill, which operating
through the department of labor, would
enable workers in congested cities to
take up agricultural land on government I
reclamation projects or public lands on
easy payment loans. It is suggested that
the $10,000,000 head tax, collected from
immigrants, might be used in financing
the unemployment feature of the rural I
credits plan. Secretary of Labor Wilson I
has repeatedly called attention to this
vast amount of money, which could be
loaned to workers on long time and per
mit them to join in a genuine "back-to-the-land"
movement. One of the rural
credits plans will doubtless be based on
MOTIfKKS' l'HX.SIOXK UKGKD.
Union Savings Bank & Trust Co.
Pays 3 on Savings Accounts
New York. The American Federa
tion of Labor has revoked the charter
of the Municipal Dock Iluilders' Union,
No. 111,041. of this city. The only bona
fide organization of dock builders in
New York City recognized by the
American Federation of Labor is Dock
and Pier Carpenters Union, No. 1,480,
affiliated to the United Drotherhood of
Carpenters and Joiners,
Springfield, Mass. Street car men's j
unions of this city and Worcester have!
ratified the agreement entered into be-1
tween their representatives and employ-'
ers. The agreement dates back from '
May ill, when the old contract expired.:
Wages are equalized. Springfield re
ceives a nine-hour day, instead of ten
hours, and the Worcester rates are in-,
creased. Wages in the miscellaneous de
partments, which include freight hand-,
icrs, yard men, messengers and other
employes exclusive of motormen and
conductors, are increased from 5 to
'.iT: cents per day.
CO-OPKllATIVK IJITiTi A TAAV.
Springfield, 111. Governor Dunne has
signed the co-operative bill, favored by
the state federation of labor and farm
ers' organizations. This act is intended
to protect co-operative movements, and
it is believed will end the practice of
enemies of co-operation securing a ma
jority of the stock. Under the new law
no member can own more than five
share. If proper provision is made in
their bv-laws, these societies can limit
lb? voting power of each member to. one
vote in the election of officers and in
the management of affairs. Liability is
FrP'ted to the actual amount of stock
each individual subscribes.
PASS AXTMMCKKT IjAW.
San Diego, Cab The city council has
passed an anti-pickcting ordinance, de
spite a ruling to the contrary by City
The Labor Leader of this city declares
the ordinance to be a duplicate of the
infamous Los Angeles production, which
caused dissension between the employ
ers and employes in that city and result
ed in the arrest of hundreds of union
men. without a single conviction. If is
predicted that the ordinance, if signed
by the mayor, will be resisted by the
trade union movement.
San Francisco. In an address to the
I abor Council of this city on the value
of mothers' pensions. Judge Henry Neil
"The mothers' pension system is not
a charity anv more than the public
school is a charity. We spend money
for free education because it is the
economical and efficient thing to do. We
know we cannot afford to have our chil
dren grow up in ignorance. But thous
ands of children are prevented from ob
taining an education because their
fathers arc dead or for some reason fail
to provide. The pension system provides
food, clothing, shelter and care by the
child's own mother,' without which the
free public schools cannot do their
"Wherever the pension system has
been tried its results satisfy all classes.
Juvenile crime and defectives are de
creased at once, because the pensioned
mothers are enabled to remain at home
and take care of their children. If chil
dren have a good home, with their own
mother, juvenile crime decreases. Chil
dren raised in poverty recruit the police
stations, jails, courts, penitentiaries,
hospitals and asylums, because they did
not get a fair start. The spending of
ten million dollars this year for mothers'
pensions will save the taxpayers a hun
dred million dollars in the coming years.
The cost of courts, prisons and asylums
has been increasing by leaps and
MIXHKS "SHORT WKIOHTKD."
Boulder, Colo. Investigations by the
State industrial commission again call
attention to the practice of "short
weighting" miners in this State, one of
the causes which led to the recent strike. ,
At one mine the commission found that
workers were robbed of from 500 to I
nearly 1,000 pounds of coal during the!
first two weeks in June. This amounted j
to a clear wage reduction of $13 a I
LAItttK Kl'XI) KOK KDl'CATIOX.
Springfield, 111. Governor Dunne has
signed the University of Illinois bill car
rying the largest sum ever appropriated
by a single law to a single nisimuiuu ui
higher learning in the umtcu states,
amounting in all to an even $5,000,000
for the two years. The bill was sup
ported by organized labor.
TKAMSTKKS KA1SK WAUKS.
Galesburg, III. Coal dealers have
signed an agreement which calls for
(2'$ cents an hour for drivers. The
union is recognized and these workers
say they now have a higher rate' than
any city in Illinois outsitle ot inicago.
SKCTKK AX KIGIIT-Iioril DAY.
Racine, Wis. The trade union move
ment lias secured an eight-hour day,
starting next spring, for street workers
and garbage plan workers, employed by
HliKCTIUClAXS KAISK WAORS.
Greenwich, Conn. Electrical workers I
have raised wages 24 cents a day with
I'm hankerin' for somethin' green
What grows down on the farm.
Some flapjacks sich as mother made.
Them wouldn't do no harm.
There's coltsfoot comin' 'bout this time,
An' sassyfras, that's come;
There's lots that I could recommend
Fer folks what's deaf an' dumb.
An' doubled up with rheumatiz.
Like swallers twitt'rin' round.
An' yallcr birds, there's widder Sik's,
Ez hansumlike en sound.
An' full o' gladness, alius was,
Ez any one I know;
But I'd jest like to shet my eyes
An' hear the blossoms blow.
An' feel 'em flutter on my cheek,
An' draw a great big smell
Right out there face to face with life;
My, that's what gits you well!
I guess 'tain't stuff toeat I want,
Tain't preachin', neither one;
I want a gleam to feed my soul
Of God's old country sun.
Hf.riiert Randall, in Boston Transcript.
THE SPECIAL EQUIPMENT CO,
800-802 WEST SIXTH STREET
Phone West 113 CINCINNATI, 0.
WACKS OK OAK MUX KA1SKI).
Wilkcs-Barre, Pa. A maximum in
crease of 2j cents an hour for motor
nii'ii and conductors employed by the
Wilkcs-Barre Railway Company has
been ordered bv an arbitration board
A 20 ner cent participation in the pro
fits of the company over a fixed rate
baed on the earnings of each car dur
ing 1014 is also allowed. The gross
pawiucr revenue ner hour, the basis
on which ihc profit "baring plan is to
be baed, i $2,780. this being the 1014
revrnue. The employes' representative
on the board dissented from the decision,
which was signed by the company's rep
resentative and State Labor Commis
sioner Jackson. One of the workers'
objections is the failure of one-year men
to secure an increase.
KAIXTKKS AKK WIXXIXO.
Sioux City, la. Painters are winning
their three months' lockout. The rm
nlnycrs have suffered a los in the with
drawal nf one of the largest contractors
from their organization The firm has
ogned i union contract, and the strik
ers declare that opposition to them is
losing its force
m ' :
bIFjI A '"he Bi: Store's famous guaran-
W-Jiki I ! li teed ,lotlles are recognized every-
$ 'm I ' IJIA ' where !1S the reatest standard f
WKfSS Nil ft Mi1 values -the best values on earth.
llPi Mi 1
mm I ltH
rartifj'' li&vVw Ever' suit is maJe in our own
W '- -'(111 f VBT-) Rreat Cincinnali Tailoring Shops
h - 'MfesJ ft anj sd direci i" you and the ma,
II X Wil!' pgr-''y mtude . f stle and pattern varieties
si5L '''''' ' "" is the largest in Amer'ci.
I 1 419-427 WEST FIFTH STREET1,'