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THE LABOR ADVOCATE
Organized Labor is Alert
To Protect Workmen From
Liability Insurance Sharks
Ohio State Federation of Labor Takes Steps to Prevent
Companies From Again Obtaining Foothold in Ohio
Secretary Donnelly Points Out Threatened Danger
I!y Tiios. J. Donnelly, Secretary-Treasurer Ohio State Federation of Labor.
Responding to the demands of organ
ized labor, tile 1010 General Assembly of
Ohio, authorized the appointment by
Governor Harmon of a commission to
investigate the subject of Workmen's
Compensation, and to report to the suc
ceeding General Assembly. A majority
and minority report of the commission
was submitted. The minority report
was made by lirothcr Wm. J. Winans,
of the Railroad Trainmen, and a bill
was drawn representing the' views of the
Ohio State Federation of Labor. The
events that transpired at that time arc
now a matter of history, but it should
perhaps be recalled to the wage-earners
of Ohio that the voluntary workmen's
compensation law embodying,, to a large
extent, the fundamental principles of the
law drawn by Judge Okcy, for labor,
was the result of the efforts of organ
ized labor, in opposition to the organ
ized employers of the State, the business
interests as represented by the Chambers
of Commerce, a good following of the
attorneys of the State, and the liabil
ity insurance companies of the United
Early developments at that time, dem
onstrated that the employers were favor
able to the appointment of the original
commission, having but one purpose in
mind, and that was the repeal of the
Norris and Mctzgcr Employers' 'Liabil
ity Law, and' the passage of a "cheap'
compensation act, by which all burdens
would be placed upon the employes and
the public, and all immunities granted to
Opposed Jly Attorneys.
A certain class of attorneys opposed
labor because of a lucrative practice en
joyed in the handling of liability cases.
And last, but by no means least, came
the liability insurance companies, with
an army of representatives and attor
neys engaged in soliciting liability in
surance from the employers and con
testing the suits of injured workmen and
the dependents of those killed in in
Siiifjli'-liimcleil, labor met these
forces of (loII:ir interests and profit
In tin AViijje-eiiriicr.s and defeated
Following this first victory, labor en
tered the constitutional campaign, elect
ed delegates to the Constitutional con
vention, had an amendment submitted to
the people giving the State 'the right to
make the workmen's compensation law
compulsory and recognizing the prin
ciple that the collecting, administration
and disbursing of funds for this pur
pose is a State function, and can only
be exercised in Ohio by the State. This
amendment carried by an overwhelming
vote at the polls.
With the convening of the 111 1 n Leg
islature, labor again took up the ques
tion of Workmen's Compensation, and
a bill was introduced by Senator Green,
the father of the voluntary act,, calling
for compulsory contribution by the em
ployers tothc State fund. This was the
signal which liroutrht the same forces
into play against labor as before. Hut
once more, labor, slimle-hunded, de
feated those oniMised to the passage
V im adequate twentieth eentury
Since the passage of the Compulsory
Act, eliminating the "ambulance-chasing
attorney," and the liability insurance
.MANY DISI'UTICS ADJUSTED.
Montreal, Canada. Organized work
ers in the ladies' garment industry have
been beset with numerous disputes be
cause of discharge cases and new work
ing systems employers would introduce
for the purpose of lowering wages. The
union has settled these cases satisfac
torily and has also conducted a strong
agitation campaign. A four days' strike
against the Canada Cloak Company re
sulted in an agreement. Another large
factory, employing 200 workers, has been
IIAICKltK TO COXKKIl.
St. Louis. The first of next month
delegates from bakers' unions in the
States of Missouri, Illinois, Indiana,
Arkansas, Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas
will hold a conference in this city.
OPudlUuf t ntctn bir brotr.
Dirrrltt inn Sjaun nclirfrrt
Telephone Canal 1869,
companies, the representatives of those
companies nave been working surrep
titiously to discredit the State fund and
the administration and distribution of it.
These efforts have been repeatedly
checkmated by the Federation, and the
State Industrial Commission, in charge
of the fund, had on several occasions is
sued statements in answer to these in
sinuations and attacks, to the utter con
fusion of the liability insurance inter
ests. Then, during the session of the last
legislature, insurance bills and a resolu
tion were introduced. Again organ
ized labor, siii;le-hiiiided, dragged
"the nigger out of the woodpile"
of adroit phraseology and subtle
legnl vcrliltiRC, to the glare of the
sun of publicity. Kvery effort to
sneak through a law permitting the
discrediting of the State by unfair
methods of Investigation or grant
iii1.; the right to insurance coiiipan-
Iim ti vilri fifimmi!it Inn v:is fl-
The next step was to appeal to Gov
ernor Willis and protest against the
rules of the Industrial Commission in
not recognizing the insurance compan
ies, and requesting his intercession. The
Governor referred them to the Indus
trial Commission. The commission has
refused to change its rules. The insur
dncc interests 'promised to file1 a' 1rlcf
before the Industrial Commission last
Saturday, but did not do so.
Companies Are Active.
The daily press informs us that it is
expected that the insurance companies
will now transfer the scene of their ac
tivities to the Department of Insurance
Commissioner Frank Taggart, and en
deavor to secure a license to write com
pensation insurance. The press also says
that upon his refusal it is thought they
will appeal to the Ohio Supreme Court.
The officers of the Ohio State Feder
ation of Labor have written the Gov
ernor commending his action, appeared
before the Industrial Commission pro
testing against any change in their rules
which will recognize the right of the lia
bility insurance companies to write
compensation in Ohio; called upon At
torney General Ed. C. Turner and re
quested to be permitted to have associate
counsel with him in defending the State
in any suit brought upon behalf of the
Insurance interests. To this he will
ingly agreed. And finally, a protest has
been filed with Insurance Commission
er Taggart against the issuing of any
license to write workmen's compensa
tion. Every member of organized labor
should write our State officials what they
think about this matter.
In the meantime, organized labor will
await the next move of these companies
who, previous to Jhc passage oi the (
workmen's compensation legislation,
collected millions annually in Ohio from
employers for liability insurance and
paid such a small amount on the 'claims
that a profit of something like (!." per
cent was recorded for them in Ohio.
Following the passage- of the present
law none can quite forget their unsavory
referendum petitions thereon, and tbeir
studied effort to sneak legislation or
discredit the principle underlying the
STATU UNIONISTS TO MHKT.
Boston. Officers of the Massachusetts
State federation of labor have issued the
call for the thirtieth annual convention
to be held at New Bedford, beginning
Monday, September 20.
WOULD DIVIDK AUSTKAMA.
Adelaide, South Australia. The sixth '
annual labor conference, consisting of
federal and State public officials elected
by the labor party, voted that Australia
should be divided into a larger number .
of States. The sentiment prevailed that
decentralization was essential to the con
trol of the government by the people.'
One speaker said that there should he,
18 or 20 States in the Australian con-1
tinent, instead of the six that now exist. 1
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Re-elected Vice-President Building
4,330 HMl'LOYKS IX.IUHKI).
Lansing, Mich. The automobile in
dustry furnished the largest per cent of
the -I,:i30 Michigan employes injured in
June. Miscellaneous manufacturing in
dustries is second, and the copper and
iron mining industries third and fourth,
respectfully. Of the grand total of ac
cidents, twenty-three resulted fatally
and seventy-seven caused permanent m
jurics. The amount of compensation
paid by employers to injured workers
during this month was $100,809.09.
Re-elected Financial Secretary Building
OIMKCT TO "TASK" SVSTKM.
Philadelphia. Workers employed on
outside ship construction at the New
York Shipbuilding Company's plant
struck against a piece work system which
nets them from .$() to $10 a week. They
demand the eight-hour day and 24 cents
Re-elected Recording Secretary and Bus
iness Agent Building Trades Council.
SAYS STIUKK IS KXDK1).
Bridgeport, Conn. J. J. Kepplcr,
vice-president of the International As
sociation of Machinists, who has been
directing the strike at the plants of the
Remington Anns and Ammunition
Company and various subcontractors,
announced here Thursday that a settle
ment had been agreed upon.
He added that no more men would be
called out, that the pickets would be
called off duty, and that the strikers
would go back to work Monday morn
ing. He said he had decided to call the
strike off as the result of a conference
held in New York. Then he left Bridge
port again after saying that he would
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IW, Elm 498 MkiIoo'i Draatlt Beer Mtili to OrJtr
CAFE AND GARDEN
Hirr; C Riwlinji, Ed. L Stephur, Mjr.
Comer Madiion and Taylor Ave OAKLEY
Canal W. 1078
HENRY BEHRINGER & SON
TAILORS and CLOTHIERS
S. E. Cor. John and Oliver Sts.
WE ART: HERB
Economy Shoe Repairing Go.
None otker thai lie Beit Wlhe Oik Leader used, nd we
fix 'em while you wait Prices Reasonable.
N. W. Cor. Fifth and Walnut
Opposite foil Office. none. Canal 33ZZ-L a
COAL AND GAS RANGES
All kinds of Sheet Metal Work
Roofing and Spouting
1207 Main Street, Phone. Canal 21
Residence Phone, West 22S2-R
Wm. Glandorf Moving and Storage Co.
FIRST CLASS STORAGE
FURNUURE PACKED FOR SHIPPING
8.13-835-837-839 Hopkins St.
Telephone, V. f09 CINCINNATI, O.
W1IITK CKOSS AMIJUIjAXCK
Prompt an J efficient aerttce for the Iranaporla.
tlon of patients to and from homes, hospitals, or
the R. R. atallona. Garefol attention. Nothing
like It In town, fnapeclion Invited.
JOHN J. GILLIGAN,
Eighth, Near Broadway.
Phones: Canal 1802 and 1803. North 1137
DR. E. H. HAGERMAN
307 Provident BanK Bldg.
Phone Canal t52
Office Hoars: 10 V M. to 2 P. H., and also by appointment
1065 Central Ave.
Phone, West 3654-R
2.30 fr. m. to 8.30 p. m. 8 a. m. to IP a.m.
ICB WtlVKHS MAKE GAIXS.
Indianapolis. Practically even- ice
company in the city has accepted the
new wage scale of Ice Wagon Drivers'
and Helpers' Union. Preference is
promised union men. As the companies
go into the coal husiness during the win
ter months, this feature of the agree
ment is important. Work- on Decora
tion day. Fourth of July, Thanksgiving
and Christinas will he at time and one
half rates. If work is not required on
these days, the drivers will he paid their
regular wage. Representatives of the
union and employers will consider claims
of wrongful discharge. As work on
Lahor day is declared necessary, the
drivers will he allowed a day off satis
factory to employers and themselves.
IIAIIj FATAMTIKS OKCItKASK.
Washington. A report by the inter
state commerce commission for the first
quarter ending March :i1 shows that rail
accidents have decreased over the like
period of last year. The number this
year is ti." killed and 1,1)72 injured. While
these figures tell a ghastly story of de
railments caused by defective roadways,
broken wheels and broken rails, the num
ber of fatalities has been reduced 100
per cent over last year. The number
of train accidents decreased "S3 during
the same period.
MIXKKS IjIVK IX TKXTS.
Kort Smith, Ark. Because striking
miners were evicted from their homes
by the Pennsylvania Mining company
and the Sterling Anthracite Coal com
pany, officers of the miners' union have
shipped one hundred tents to Jimtown,
j where these miners are located.
I The miners were unorganized when
they struck because of wage reductions.
They then applied for membership in
the United Mine Workers' union.
MCHKSK liAHOIt ACiKXCIKS.
Joplin, Mo. The city commission has
ordered that hereafter an annual fee of
ISO shall be charged employment agen
cies. Only residents of Joplin for at
least one year can he licensed and an
agency's rates cannot be more than .")
per cent of one month's wages.
100 New Features - 1,000,001) New Thrills, Gyroplane, tlolilen Twisters, Wlcirlc
Woctvle, I'cll Mell, Merry WeiWIiiK, lUc, LUc.
VAUnVli.l.E, SMITTIU'S HANI) CONCKRTS, CAUARIST AT CLMl-HOUSE,
INCLUDING "CHARLIE CHAPLIN," MOVINO PICTURES.
HATHINQ, I10ATINC1, DANCING- I1UST CUISINE IN CITY.
PHONE CANAL 1262
Cafe and Restaurant
McHUOH ft. HOCK
Successors to Edit. L. Stophany
S. W. COR. TWELFTH AND WALNUT STS.
THE EIGHT -HOUR
Is owned and operated by Cincinnati peo
ple. All its brands are made by members
of Tobacco Workers Local No. 25.
It is the only Tobacco Company
in the United States which has
adopted the eight-hour d ay.
8 -HOUR UNION SCRAP
ALL DAY SCRAP
HOME RUN SCRAP
The Busiest Place in The City
Restaurant and Billiard Hall
9 W. 5th St. GUS DOLL, Mur.
The HUB CAFE
42 E. FIFTH ST.
Bouillon or Rye YiTuskey 1
8 YEARS OLD
$1.00 Full Quart
S08-10 MAIN ST.
Telephones, Canal AMS and 4396
RICHTER & CO.
SUPERIOR BRASS GOODS
210 E. Ninth St. Cincinnati, 0.
U20 Main Street
We wist to announce to the trade tbat we are
at in manufacture LAU'ERY CLUB. LUKE Mc
LUKE and OTHER BRANDS OF CIGARS. Better
ban ever. We lindlj solicit jour pilronaje.
CUBAN CIGAR CO ,111 E. Sixth St., Phone C. 638.
Wllili KXKOKCK K1VK-DAV WVMK
San Francisco. Plasterers' union has
announced that hereafter members shall
nof work more than live days a week
Saturdays and Sundays will be observed
Bigger, Better, Brighter
Meals to Order