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THE LABOR ADVOCATE
The language of diplomacy differs
from that of business. Responding to
the latest German note in everyday com
mercial terms, the president would be
apt to make these inquiries, says the
New York World.
If, as Herr von Jagow says, Germany
values so highly the ancient treaties be
tween Prussia and the United States,
still in force, why does it not respect
them? In one of them it is written:
"If one of the contracting parties
should be engaged' in war with another
power, the free intercourse and com
merce of the subjects or citizens of the
party remaining neutral with the bel
ligerent power shall not be interrupted.
Thus far the protests of the United
States against Germany's invasion of
neutral rights have been based altogeth
er upon international law. The treaties
between the two countries, beginning
with that of ITS.'), cover nearly every
point now in dispute, in plain words, and
all of them have been disregarded by
If, as Herr von Jagow says, "Ger
many has no guilt" in the offenses re
cently committed at sea, how does it
happen that its excuse for the Lusitania
massacre is not based upon law or right
but upon revenge and desperation? A
man who killed women and children on
such a plea would confess to murder.
Is it different with a nation?
If, as llerr von Jagow says, "Ger
many was driven by liritish naval ac
Jivity to submarine war on trade," what
is tlie precise use of the great navy
which is now hidden in the Kiel Canal?
Is a civilized nation at war privileged
to decline honorable battle and resort
to cowardly assassination?
If, as Herr von Jagow says, "Germany
is conducting a war in self-defense for
vioijAtk mmitki) iioint law.
Toledo, .O. The Baltimore t Ohio
and the Cincinnati. Hamilton it Day
Ion railroads are charged in the United
States district court with violating the
afetv appliance lawf. and the law limit
in the hours of continuous service to
sixteen. Seventeen counts are filed
against tl'e first napicd road for viola
tion of tiie continuous hour law The
names of engineers, firemen and train
men who were forced to work over
lime are included in the complaint.
"Strictly Union Made"
o liven up
Here's a rare chance to add snap and
variety to your outfit at a very small
Now your money does almost double
duty in HART SCIIAFFNER & MARX
Our stocks must be cleared for fall
goods; giving ou extra economy is the
means by which we hope to do it.
It's a bargain for you.
$211.00 Suits, $ll..1().
$2.1.00 and $27..1() Silk-lined Suits,
$30.0(1 and $:iv..M Silk-lined Suits,
$35.00 and $40.00 Imported Fabrics
Silk-lined Suits, $2(5..10.
Palm Beach Suits
$7.50 and $10.00
Mohair Suiis $12.50
Pongee Silk Suits, Norfolk
and English Models,
423 Vine Street,
HART SCIIAFFNER & MARX
national existence," how does it happen
that its armies are in Belgium. France
and Russia, as they have been from the
first days of -the struggle? Why arc
they not behind German fortifications,
like the fleet?
If, as Herr von Jagow says, "acci
dents" involving neutrals at sea in war
time "cannot be judged differently from
accidents to which neutrals are at all
times exposed at the seat of war on
land," does he refer particularly to the
"accident" that befell neutral Belgium
last summer and autumn, when, through
no fault of its own, it found itself at
the seat of war?
If. as llerr von Jagow says. Great
Britain is in a position by reason of its
naval supremacy to give "the German
people the choice of perishing from star
vation or surrendering independence,"
wdiat choice has Germany given to liel
gium, which would have starved but for
American charity and whose indepen
dence has disappeared in slaughter and
Finally, if the United States were to
accept llerr von Jagow's gracious per
mission on behalf of Germany, a nation
having not a single first-class ship on
the ocinu, to trade under the tutelage of
a few prowling submarines, what greater
humiliation could Germany put upon us
at the end of a victorious war?
In the guarded language of diplomacy
we have now been informed twice from
Merlin that Germany recognizes no
body's rights under international law.
The next American note might properly
contain an inquiry in business-like terms
as to the German attitude toward trea
ties -not treaties with its near neighbors
but treaties with an old friend on this
side of the Atlantic, for whom is pro
fesses a high but rather eccentric re
gard. OUICSTION OK XHIJTItAMTY
Itolts Up n( Coim'iilloii o' Inli'iiiii
tiomil Allium1)' ol' SI age Hmployt'S.
Chicago. The gavel of a union labor
meeting was rapped in grand opera set
tings when the biennial convention of
the International Alliance of Theatrical
Stage Employes, representing .100 locals
throughout the United Slates and Can
ada, opened in Arcadia Hall. Can
delebra of elaborate carving, draperies,
flower bowls and gold chairs in which
Caruso and Mary Garden have crouched
in harmonic ccstacy or grief were bor
rowed from the Chicago Opera Company
ny ine organized scene sinners.
The interior of the dance hall in
llroadway, near Wilson avenue, had
been transformed for the convention.
Among the .101) delegates are representa
tives of moving picture operators' locals.
Tilt (MH'slinn i( iwMlr:ilitv linlilmit nn
' before the convention opened, and a pro
1 test was made against the inclusion of
i Hie Canadian Hag on official badges of
the convention m honor of Canadian
delegates. The Canadian design was re
moved from the emblem, but, as a com
promise, the dominion's scarlet banner
was draped with the Stars and Stripes at
the meeting hall.
MA III MTV ACT NOT XAItltOW.
Washington. The United States Su
preme Court has ruled that the federal
rniniii'iisalion net can not be construed
in a irirrow sense, but must be given a
liberal interpretation. This decision
wns made in the suit of a brakeman
iirninst the New York Central Rail
road. The question involved was
"lii'ibcr the brakenr'ii was operating
in inler-latc riininifrci' at the time of
his iniuries. The company denied this
anil insisted that it was not liable.
The Siinrcme Court, speaking through
Justice Lmar. held that the (itiestion
whether the brakeman vs in inter
Mate ci'iuuii'iTe was not to r deter
mined I'v bis exact phvicl location
'I the time of iii'urv. The hv must
be construed in a liberal wav. The
brakeinan was mi nu interstate train
tikI bis general status as an omnl'ive
in interstate commerce wis not changed
l;y tin fact that he hail left tin- m-iii
line of track to do a service incident to
the movement of the interstate train.
III'IMHXC IIOO.M KTAKTKIl
In Clilengo lly Si'ttli'iiient i
pentiTs' (in-lit .Strike,
Chicago. With the return to work
Monday of thousands of union carpen
ters, who have been on a strike since
May 1, Chicago launched a boom in the
building industry which, it was estimat
ed, will give work to 1.10,000 men.
The strike was settled last Saturday,
and by Thursday it is believed that
nearlv all of the carpenters and mill men
will have returned to work. Iluilding
contractors and bankers said construc
tion work amounting to at least $10,000,
000 will be started this week.
The return to work of 10,000 striking
painters was expected early in the week.
Columbus. That more care is neces
sary to prevent infection of wounds is
shown in a report on accidents, issued
by the industrial commission of this
state. Of 25,731 industrial accidents
causing loss of time but no permanent
injury, one out of every 14 was infected
in greater or less degree. Of C01 acci
dents which resulted in permanent par
tial disability, one out of every 2!) was
complicated by infecuon.
According to this report, the danger
of infection is much greater in cases of
lacerations, punctures, abrasions, bruises,
etc., than in cases of burns and scalds.
Of 1.1,38!) cases of laceration, etc., one
case in 10 became infected. One out
of every 20 of the 2,208 burns, scalds,
etc., was rendered more serious by in
fection. Although getting a foreign
body in the eye is not popularly re
garded as dangerous, in one out of ev
ery 24 such eases infection followed.
The 128 fatal accidents analyzed in
the report were ascribed to a variety of
causes. The deaths of 33 men were
ascribed to causes connected with the
operation of various kinds of machin
ery, while hot metals, dynamite, and
other materials handled cost 17 lives.
Stamping, shearing, and punching
machine's won an unenviable first place
among the different types of machinery
causing permanent partial disability. Out
of a total of fiOl such accidents, 04 were
ascribed to the action of machines of
FAICMKItK PKOTKST VIOItDICT.
Everett. Wash. Secretary Fred V.
Lewis, of the Washington State grange,
l'-is forwarded to President Marsh, of
the State Federation of Labor, copies
of protesting resolutions against the
Lawson verdict, passed by the farmers
at their recent State convention.
.IOIX WITH I0MPMYFJIS.
Racine, Wis. Members of the Build
'i'ir Trades ConciI have joined with
employers to better working condi
tions and also bring the Racine con
liiiiplinu school in direct contact with
I'tiihliii'r craftsmen. It is intended to
reach a better understanding on the
matter of education for the boys and
vonivr men who desire to follow this
"idustrv as a means of a livelihood.
liAltllKHH' ItOAUIt HKOKC.ANIZK1)
Madison, Wis. Under the new law
appointment to membership of the
Stale Berbers' Hoard is invested in the
Stale Hoard of Health which will in
spect shops, while the Harbors' Hoard
"-ill serve as an examining board only
The annual fee for barbers is reduced
from $2 to $1.
WOMAN SUFFIlAdlO LOSF.S.
Madison. Wis. Woman suffrage met
with a leiinxirarv setback in this Slate
when the Setnle. by a vote of 14 to 17,
refused to reconsider a former anti
Portland, Me. Plumbers and steam
fitters are on strike to enforce an aver
age wage of $1.40 per day of eight
hours. Employers refused to accept the
new rates, despite numerous efforts of
(lie workers to settle the question.
CIIAl'FFKUKS' LAW IIjIjKCAIj.
Columbus. Ohio. Common Pleas
fudge Dillon has declared the Ohio
chauffeurs' license law unconstitutional
because the act does not set a standard
for granting licenses.
FAVOKS l H. WIKF CONTIMMj.
r 1. :.,,., i., TJiicttn'icti.r f!fnpr:il
l? IMIIH' lit liiimiiiin. . .... ...
Hurleson will renew his recommenda
tion of last year to the incoming emi
gre" thai the government should con
trol the telephone and telegraph service.
It is an interesting fact that whereas
policies of government have been advo-r-iied
anil some adopted, ihc constitu
tionality f which have been seriously
ciii'Mioiii'd. the principle of government
ownership and control of the telegraph
ml telephone finds its greatest strength
n the constitution," he says. "This opin
ion has been shared by practically all
post masters general of the United
Slate, who have held that the welfare
and the happiness of the nation depend
upon the fullest utilization of these
agencies bv the people, which can only
be accomplished through government
Fast mules often have loose hind legs.
Muscular inactivity is the parent of
much ill health.
Many a beautiful hat represents an un
paid milliner's bill.
A parrot should be taught to speak
only in polysyllables.
Why Not Make Free
Trip to Frisco Fair
The Labor Advocate has decided to
give its friends the opportunity to make
some of the most pleasurable trips to be
taken in this country, and at no expense
Would you like to make the trip to
the American Federation of Labor meet
ing in San Francisco next fall?
Would you like to go to the meeting
of the Ohio State Federation at Mans
The trip to San Francisco willbe made
at the time when the great Panama Ex
position is in full swing; at the time
when all the nations of the world will
have their exhibits fully completed, and
when the crowds will be at their largest
and the city of the Golden Gate in its
most gala attire.
The opportunity seldom has been of
fered to the person of moderate means
to take such trip without cost to himself.
This trip means a liberal education; it
means that you may sec all the wonders
of modern times, meet and mingle with
the peoples of all countries ; see the
greatest works of art; the most wonder
ful buildings and electrical effects ever
shown ; the Chicago and the St. Louis
Fairs were as the first steamboat that
ran up the Hudson as compared with the
present-day trans-Atlantic ocean grey
hounds when viewed with what San
Francisco will offer to the world this
The trip to Mansfield, O., while of
lesser importance, also has manifold ad
vantages. Mansfield is a modern little
At the Age of 105 this Negro
Drinks, Smokes and Chews
Elizabeth City, N. C. Josiah Hintou
is a North Carolina celebrity. He is 10.1
years old, is in full possession of all bis
faculties, drinks whiskey, smokes and
chews tobacco and takes a keen interest
in current events.
Josiah was a witness in a local court
a few weeks ago, and attracted the at
tention of Attorney General Gregory,
Postmaster General Hurleson and Thom
as J; Pence, secretary of the Democratic
National Committee, who were here fish
ing. Mr. Pence "snapped" the ancient
relic, along with Edward Edge, a young
ster of 72.
"Edge here ain't nothing but a kid,"
said llinlon with a snort of contempt.
"I've got a son and a girl older than him.
My girl is 84 and my boy 8.1."
Asked as to what he attributed his
remarkable longevity, he replied :
COST OF TlJHHKClTliOSIS.
New York. In a pamphlet on "What
Tuberculosis Costs in Wages," the Na
tional Association for the Study and
Prevention of Tuberclosis says that
an investigation of .100 cases in Boston
shows that these men lost over $12.1,000
in wages as a result of this disease.
To emphasize the need for action on
this question, the pamphlet makes this
"Workinginen are always aroused
when an employer or a group of em
ployers suggest -i reduction in wages
j How many of the men who read this
article ever stop to think of the- enor
iuous sums of money they are losing
I in wages very year due to one prevent
able disease, tuberculosis.
KKMOKAIi PltlKONHKH TO WOltK.
Washington. Attorney General
Gregory announces that as a result of
his investigation of the Atlanta Federal
prison, lie hopes to find a way in which
these prisoners may be put at work
that will allow the government to give
i small part of what they earn to their
families. The official states that labor
of this sort should be only for the gov
ernment, and along such lines as would
not bring the prison-made goods into
the open market.
Portugal has a lot of trouble to keep
its republic on straight. Chicago News.
Evidently the "awakening of China" has
been postponed for a few years longer.
They're getting shy of eats in Mexi
co ; hut. of course, there is still an over
production of patriotism, Indianapolis
If ideas and inventions were contra
band of 'war and peace there would be
neither living machines nor submarines
on the other side of the Atlantic Kan
sas City Times.
city, nestling in one of the most beautiful
valleys in the world. A week there will
give you an outing, free from the smoke
and grime of a great city, a chance to
"get back to the country" and see the
likeness of the old-home town.
Do you want to take one of these
This is how you can do it without cost
The one obtaining the greatest number
of votes will receive a railroad ticket
over any line he may choose, sleeping car
fare and $50 in cash to pay his incidental
The one receiving the second highest
number of votes will receive his railroad
fare to and from Mansfield, O., and $35
To the person receiving the third high
est number of votes will be given the
same railroad facilities and $25 in cash.
To the contestant getting the fourth
highest number of ballots there will be
given the same railroad facilities and $15
Docs this sound good to you?
Then this is the way to obtain for
yourself or your friends these coveted
Come to Room 34, Thorns Building,
Main and Fifth streets, and the details
will be explained. It will not cost you
a cent to inquire, and it may mean one
of the most profitable and pleasurable
events of your life,
"The Lord has blessed me."
Askeil if he ever took a drink, he
"Lord, yes I J wish I bad one now."
He said he had been taking his drink
whenevr he felt like it, and chewed to
bacco ever since he was 10.
"My old master, who was a doctor,
was a good man, and he knew as much
as any doctor, but he seldom prescribed
medicine. If any of his folks or any of
his slaves got sick he gave them a good
drink of whiskey. I have never drunk
much, but what I have drunk never hurt
Ilinton and Edge live near the Dismal
Swamp section of North Carolina, where
juniper trees abound. These trees dis
coior the waters, making them a dark
red. The two old men have drunk this
water all their lives. It is the local
claim tiiat it prolongs life.
AltH VK FAMjKX
(New York Evening Sun.)
Now are we fallen upon evil days,
When half the world is lit with battle
flame, When gaunt destruction, sacrilege and
Go stalking starkly down earth's pleas
Where men walked joyfully the lurid
Of rapine soars, and there is mad ac
claim Of those that loudly call on God's high
To justify the sanguine sword that slays.
It is not strange, then, that our souls
For the sweet recompense that nature
For the seclusion, and the restful song
That rises from the peaceful hills and
For surcease from the irreparable wrong
And for some Power that shelters and
TOO MUCH M'HilSliATION,
Cape May, N. J. Increasing legisla
tion is caused by questions having a dis
tinct local option, but which are couch
ed in general terms so as to meet the
requirements of the constitution, said
Franklin S. Edwards in an address be
fore the Pennsylvania Bar Association.
The speaker approved these senti
ments of the late Judge Cooley :
"In your constitution making remem
ber that times change, that men change,
that new things are invented, now de
vices, new schemes, new plans, new uses
of corporate power. Don't do that to
any such extent as to prevent the legis
lature hereafter from meeting all evils
that may be within the reach of prouer
legislation. Leave something for