Newspaper Page Text
The Labor Advocate
"i4 P.4PP FOP ,4LL WHO TOLL"
Official Organ of the Building Trades Council of Cincinnati and Vicinity
Vol. III. No. 15
CINCINNATI, OHIO, JULY 31, 1915
One Dollar a Year
Building Trades Council
Eats, Drinks and Makes
Merry at Annual Banquet
Newly Elected Officers Tender Feed and Drink to
Business Agents and Invited Guests. Out of Town
Leaders Present and Local Talent Entertain With
( Song, Story and Vaudeville Stunts.
sThe newly elected officers of the Cin
cinnati Building Trades Council ten
dered a banquet to business agents and
other especially invited guests at the
Auf Wiedersehen Cafe, Twelfth and
Walnut streets, Thursday night.
About sixty persons were present, in
cluding many labor leaders from other
cities of the State. The banquet was
the annual affair which follows the year
Anyone who "thinks that the man who
works with his hands cannot lay aside
the cares of life and enjoy himself when
the occasion requires, should have been
at the "blow-out." Hours, wage scales,
working conditions, were forgotten and
the bunch had a good time.
President Cullcn presided as toast
master. "Joe" Cullen knows every la
bor leader in the State, and in his intro
ductions paved the way for the speaker
to exercise his own judgment as to the
line of entertainment he would offer.
Thos. J. Donnelly, Secretary-Treasurer
of the Ohio State Federation of
Labor, and the Federation's legislative
agent at tlic latest meeting of the Gen
eral Assembly, spoke upon the all im
portant subject of labbr legislation;
President McManus, of the State Fed
eration, made a short but pointed .speech
Trnwalle secretary 'ofs-tlie'Statc Federa
tion; Thomas H. Mugavin, Traveling
Auditor of the Industrial Commission of
Ohio; William Groenigcr, Columbus,
State Plumbing Inspector; Brother
Murphy, Editor of the Labor Record,
DIG ADVAXCE DEMAXDED
IJy Guiicottoii Makers, Who Vote To
Go Out on Strike.
Pottsville, Pcim. Two hundred and
sixty of the 400 employees of the Ni
trated Products Company voted to go on
,strikc for an increase in wages from
37J4 to 75 cents an hour. Pickets were
placed around the plant and union lead
ers declared that all the workers would
be out. A squad of State police are on
duty at the plant.
Announcement was made last week
that the company had closed an order
with agents of the allies for guncotton
and other explosives amounting to $5,
000,000 and that the capacity of the
plant would be doubled.
This plant has been working night
and day since its erection several months
VESSEL JIHX AVKECKED OUH
Washington. Vessel owners arc them
selves responsible for the absence of an
American merchant marine, declares
President Furuseth of the International
Seamen's Union of America.
The shipping interests are blaming the
seamen's law for their troubles, and
are answered as follows by the seamen's
"Starting with the beginning of this
government, for 102. years congress
never passed any measure dealing with
the merchant marine except upon the
request of the American ship owners.
For '102 j ears, up to 18!)4, ship owners
never requested anything that was not
given to them, except, perhaps, a suf
ficiently large ship subsidy. During that
time congress never passed any law
against which the ship owners entered
protest. The ship owners' advice left
this countrywithout any American ships
in the foreign trade and without any
native or citizen seamen in any trade.
Congress began a couple of jenrs :ljr0
to use its own judgment and something
like 200 vessels have come under the
flag. If congress continues using its
own judgment we will have both ships
1'IECE WOKIC CAUSES STWKE.
Warsaw. Ind. Employes of the Hug
ro Manufacturing Company are on
strike because a new piece work scale
lias reduced wages from .10 to 75 cents
a day. The former rates only ranged
from 22 to 25 cents an hour.
Youngstown; Thomas McEwen, Brother
Graney of Youngstown, and others also
were among the list of speakers.
After the tables were cleared of the
chicken, peas, salads, and all those other
things which go toward making a menu
that is the despair of dispeptics, and the
serious business that occupied the atten
tion of the audience and the first speak
ers of the evening, dull care was prompt
ly forgotten and the remainder of the
evening was devoted to mirth and mer
riment. It was then that the theatrical talent
of the Council was brought into play.
With Bob Kuhhnan at the piano. T. J.
Galloway, the Covington Harry Lauder,
gave Scotch songs and stories; Thomas
McEwen delivered his justly famous
"Arkansas Senator" speech ; Jake Kun
zelman, of the Painters, gave a life-like
imitation of Charlie Chaplin which
brought many encores; Guy Hecker,
Electrician, entertained the audience for
many pleasant minutes with his songs
and impersonations, among which was
the well-known classic, ratima Brown,
the "Circus Ballyhoo" and a one-man
wrestling match. McTrender, of the
Electricians, rendered several well re
onFstrike; was fully demonstrated; as
Pat McHugh and a staff of men were
busy seeing that no one could imagine
he was in the Sahara Desert.
As the country papers say, "All pres
ent had a most enjoyable time."
The European war was used as an
argument for organized union labor
Thursday night by R. L. Corley of At
lanta, Ga., international organizer of
the International Association of Machin
ists, at Central Turner Hall.
"Across the water tlfc men, union men
against union men, arc not fighting for
themselves," said Corley. They arc fight
ing for capital. Men, this thing will
stop forever when every working man
organizes. Organized labor will rule
the world in a few years, and when the
rich man declares war the worker, the
under dog, will rise up and tell them
they are not going onto the field of bat
tle and kill their fellow workers.
Machinists in Cincinnati will have one
of the strongest unions in the city within
a short time if Thursday night's meet
ing can be taken as an indication. Of
the 500 men in the hall 7."i per cent of
them were non-union men.
In Cincinnati today there arc about
:i,000 men working at the machinist
trade. Before the State-wide campaign
started to increase the membership of
the locals Cincinnati had in the neigh
borhood of 1,700 union machinists.
Since then, June !), several hundred more
joined the union. Officials say there arc
only left about 000 men who have not
Organizer Corlev declares Cincinnati
is paying machinists the lowest wages
ol an.v city ot the country with but few
Sunday morning at !) o'clock there
will be a large open meeting for machin
ists at Central Hall, Newport. Business
Agent Doyle invited all the men present
to attend this meeting. He also said if
the German machinists were still of the
opinion that they want a separate union
for themselves he will gladly aid them
WELL-KXOWX I'VIOXIST DIES.
Philadelphia, Pa. William Young. sr
secretary-treasurer of the International
Union of Elevator Constructors, died in
this city after a three week's illness.
Deceased was c:i years old and held the
position of secretary-treasury for nearly
CONVICT TjKASK SYSTEM CLAS
SIFIED AS "CAXCEU."
Montgomery, Ala. "A cancer that
should be out of Alabama's body politic,"
is the estimate of the State's convict
lease system by a committee appointed
by the State legislature. The commit
tee has been investigating this question
and its indictment of the leasing system
includes recommendations that all con
vict leases bc abrogated January 1, 1918;
that the convicts after that date be work
ed on the public highways and State
farms; that the State board of convict
inspectors be abolished at once and that
in lieu thereof a State prison commis
sion be created.
The report was made on the floors of
the house and senate soon after the
legislature reconvened for the second
time this year.
"While labor had but seven members
in the general assembly, we believe they
did the best they could to advance the
interests of labor. I his is a portion
of the report by State Federation of
Labor secretary Donnelly and represen
tatives of the brotherhoods of firemen
and trainmen on efforts to secure the
passage of remedial legislation by the
recent Ohio legislature.
The report says that labor bills in
committees were handicapped because
"many legislators, while friendly to
them, were not qualified to take the
floor and advocate them in the face of
opposition. Your legislative agents take
this opportunity to urge upon the mem
bership the necessity of greater activity
more members or organized labor be
nominated and elected to the legisla
ture." ASK EEWEIt 1IOUKS, MOKE PAY.
Columbus, O. At the convention of
American Flint Glass Workers' Union
it was decided to ask manufacturers,
with whom they will confer at Atlantic
City, for a reduction in hours from sVi
to 8 a day. The press and iron mold
department decided to ask for a 10
per cent wage increase. Other depart
ments will make similar requests, but
the percentage varies with the article
produced. The convention voted to con
tinue the strike against the Federal
Glass Company of this city, which has
been in progress two years, and the
strike of cutters in Brooklyn, which has
been on for a year.
KAILKOADS WOUWI 1HTA1E
Duluth, Minn. Unionists say that
several railroads arc attempting to
evade the recently enacted state semi
monthly pay day law, which workers
have been demanding for 15 years.
CAX'T IWS TIIEIK OWX 1JUSI-
Topeka, Kans. Hereafter tclepgraph
companies must ask the state public
utilities commission for permission 'be
fore thev can discontinue offices in (lo
calities that furnish little business. The
Supreme Court has upheld the commis
sion's order to this effect. The com
panies, however, will continue to tell the
public they have "the right to run their
own business" whenever workers ask
for better conditions or increased wages.
HAIMtOAOS HECEII'TS GAIX.
Washington. In a report issued by
the Interstate Commerce Commission,
it is shown that 171 railroads increased
their net revenue from operations from
$50,202.-105 during May, last year, to
$70,201,00:! during May of this year.
The commission intimates that this in
crease has been made possible through
the practice of economies in manage
ment and increasing business. Rate in
creases in the eastern district was a
Reports by express companies show
that these concerns are also prosper
ing despite parcel post inroads. During
the month of March the nine principal
express companies converted what was
a deficit in March of last year of $1,019,
into a credit on the right side of the
ledger amounting to $702,920 in net op
Cincinnati Street Car Men
Show by Example Why It
Pays to Belong to Union
When Men Are Disabled or Laid Off, Division No. 627
Goes Promptly to the Relief of the Brother Member
and His Family and Dependents.
Many men never realize the benefits
derived from organized labor. A great
many people are under the impression
that the labor movement is notconducted
along business lines, but this impression
is quite a mistake and goes to show that
these people are not familiar with the
movement as it really is.
The movement itself is based upon
economic principles, and should inter
est every one whether they earn their
living by labor or not.
When we stop to look back over the
road which we have traveled for the
last two years, we realize that we have
made some progress. Look at the great
amount of good this Division has done
for humanity, the organization stands
for the uplifting and betterment of the
conditions surrounding the working class
of people. When the conditions sur
rounding a man's labor are unsatisfac
tory and they can be changed so that
the work can be considered more agree
able, the organization takes up the case
and attempts to show the way in which
these conditions can be changed and
bettered, always keeping in mind the
necessity of not creating any additional
I This is not an easv task. Some con
ditions can be improved whereby the op
erating company saves money. Certain
ly suggestions of this kind are always
welcome, but in some cases to change
an obnoxious condition requires the
expenditure of a small amount of
money. In a case of this kind it is very
difficult to convince the management that
Columbus, O. Food, medicine and
supplies for babies are in demand among
destitute miners of the Hocking Valley
district. This report was brought to
Assistant Adjutant General E. S. Bry
ant today and he took prompt steps to
include these in the car of provisions
which went to Gloustcr today.
Lieutenant John F. Bailey reported
that scores of babies born during the
last few months to miners' wives are
not strong, either because of improper
nourishment or lack of corrective medi
cines. Prophylactic and antiseptic lo
tions, absorbent cotton and baby clothes
are needed badly, as are nourishing,
foods for the oungsters, he said.
The largest single contribution re
ceived by the Adjutant General's de
partment came today from the Cleve
land Chamber of Commerce in the form
of a check for $1,000. Arthur L. Gar
ford of Elyria, manufacturer, former
Progressive candidate for United States
Senator, sent $100, and a Judge of the
Fourth Appellate District, who asked
that his name not be given out, sent $25.
Colonel Bryant pointed out that every
contribution of $100 is sufficient to buy
a whole car load of provisions, suffi
cient to feed 500 adult persons for one
day. The cost of food for miners' relief,
therefore, is twenty cents a day. Money
can be used to such better advantage
that it is being sought far more anx
iously than small contributions of food,
Colonel Bryant said.
I'XIOXISTS AXI) KAUMEHS
Atlanta, Ga. The State Federation
of Labor, the Farmers' Union, and the
Brotherhood of Railway Firemen will
act jointly in urging the state legisla
ture to pass the following legislation :
Factory inspector, semi-monthly pay
day, public printer, the recall, school
books at cost and the Torrins land
the condition should be altered. Some
times altering a bad condition and ex
pending a little extra cash means mani
fold returns for the investment.
When men are disabled and their fa
milies are suffering, it is the members
of organized labor who understand and
reach in their pockets to render assist
ance. When the company issued a state
ment and says that, owing to the hard
times and lack of travel, it is necessary
to lay some of the men off, then it was
Division 027, Amalgamated Association
of Street and Electric Railway Em
ployes of America who took up the bur
den of supplying the members who had
been laid off with a sufficient amount of
money to carry them through a hard
Helped Fellow Workers.
Think of the amount of suffering that
was prevented by this Division. The
wives and children of these men would
have suffered during the long cold win
ter if the membership of this division
had not understood and sympathized in
a material manner. When a man needs
assistance and sympathy he naturally
turns to his organization and his fellow
man 'or it.
Hie organization is iounded upon
1 .trt- j JCn.Ju t . . -J: ffl.." . c.
principle and principle alone. If -the
principle was not good and sound the
movement would have perished long ago.
Business principles are adopted and are
followed, but mingled with these prin
ciples are an understanding of the needs
of humanity, and sympathizing with our
fellow-man in a manner which he un
derstands and appreciates.
MEXICAX .MIXEHS WIX.
Phoenix, Ariz. After a two weeks'
strike Mexican miners employed by the
Consolidated Mining Company at Ray,
this state, have returned to work. Wages
are increased and thirty minutes for
lunch while working underground is
also secured. The company promises
not to discriminate in favor of non
union miners if the miners agree not
to form a local in Ray, but may hold
membership elsewhere. This has result
ed in several hundred joining the local
at Miami, in the next county. The min
ers are jubilant over their advance.
Trade unionists who assisted these
workers say the settlement is a distinct
gain and "the forerunner of future
TKACK MUX MAKE GAIXS.
Detroit. Officers of the International
Brotherhood of Maintenance-of-Way
Emplojes announce that the first main-tenance-of-way
schedule ever obtained
on the Northern Pacific Railway is now
in effect. Among the more important
gains are time and one-half for over
time; expenses paid when away from
headquarters, and provision for adjust
ment of grievances.
STATU IAXI) AWAITS lU'YKUS.
Sacramento, Cal. Next month half a
million acres of school' lauds will be
sold at public auction at court houses
in which the particular laud lies. State
Surveyor General Kingsbury will give
due notice through advertisements.
Most of this land is in desert and moun
tain sections of the state. The last legis
lature passed the necessary enabling act
to open the land for entry.
IMPS GOOD-I5Y TO WIIIKS.
New York. Nikola Tesla. electrical
expert and pioneer in the field of wire
less telegraphy and telephony predicts
the end of communication by wires. He
declares that the wireless telephone is
practical, and that only a few mechanical
details need to be improved to make it
of general service.
"The day of the wireless telephone
and even the wireless photograph trans
mitter is not far off," he said.