Newspaper Page Text
The Labor Advocate
A PAPER FOR ALL WHO TOIL"
Official Organ of the Building Trades Council of Cincinnati and Vicinity
Vol. -HI.' No. 16
CINCINNATI, OHIO, AUGUST 7, 1915
One Dollar a Year
Samuel Gompers Is Guest
Of Local Labor Unions at
Receptions and Banquets
Veteran Head of Organized Labor in the United States
Urges Better Organization to Guard Against Certain
Attempt to Cut Wages After European War Is Over
Building Trades Council Entertains.
Samuel Gompers, President of the
American Federation of Labor, was in
Cincinnati Tuesday afternoon and night
and the veteran head of organized labor
in the United States was busy almost
every hour of the time.
In the afternoon he addressed the con
vention of Stationary Firemen at Cos
mopolitan Hall ; early in the evening he
was the guest and principal speaker at '
a reception by the Central Labor Coun-1
cil and later was the guest at a banquet
given by the Building Trades Council
at its headquarters, twelfth and Wal-
ilie Keynote ol Air. uompcr s speecn-
cs and private conversations was that
while labor was fairly prosperous at this I
time, owing to the large number ot war
orders in many lines from Europe, a
stagnation of business and a consequent I
lessened demand for labor is certain to'
follow the close of the war. For this
reason Mr. Gompers urged labor unions ,
to so strengthen their organizations now
that they would be in position to better ,
safeguard their interests when the pres-!
sure was brought to bear on them by
bpeakmg at the I'irenieiis Convention,
Air. uompers saui, in referring to tin
,t t"i war will r.avena Jnlioi
"When the war in the foreign coun
tries is over merchants of this country
are going to take
wii.ntif-..,n ne 4i,.. f.,. :
and you union men must make prcpara
, ,, ,-,!,,. ,..n,.,. I
lions to nrcvent mv reduction in wiires
uons 10 prcuit an rcuuci on in wages,
which, in my estimation, will be made by
employers. Work at present is plenti
ful because the merchants and manufac
turers of the United Stales are export
ing not only munitions of war, but pro
visions, such as meat, cattle, grain, agri
cultural implements, horses and other
"When the war is over," he added,
"there is bound to be a stagnation of
business in this country and labor will
be cheap. The work of the laborer is
being extended at present and when the
crisis comes we have to be prepared to
light and as thoroughly united as an army.
It is a certainty that wages will be reduced
or an attempt "will be made to reduce
them, because there will surely be a bus
iness depression, and if we are not strong
enough to light for our righ it will be i
a long time before we will regain
salaries we are getting at present.
Gompers urged the firemen to stand
with the union engineers in order to
strengthen their organization. Other
speakers at the meeting were Matthew
Comcrford, National President of the
Stationary Engineers' Union, and David
Evans, Ilusiness Agent.
lie urged the union men to strengthen
their organizations while the war in Eu- "There is a vicious circle which vir
rope is in progress, stating that when . tuallj renders ineffective regulations and
the war is over there will he another
panic in the United States, which will be
greater than the one of lfl()7.
Last night President Gompers was the
guest and principal speaker at the Cen
tral Labor Council. Tie spoke of the
LADIES TO HOLD RAFFLE
The Ladies' Auxiliary Xo. 3, of
Plumbers' Union No. 50, will hold a
grand raffle at the picnic of the Plumb
ers' Union at Avoca Park August 1.1.
The following prizes have been do
Math tub, Walter Mullen; shower
bath, Andrew J, Murphy; wash stand,
Thomas J. Dyer,
FISCHER ON VACATION
Vice-President Phil Fischer of the
Building Trades Council', is awav on a
two weeks' vacation. Mr. Fischer is
among the Northern lakes. As no word
lias been received from him, it is as
sumed that he is saving all his fish
stories to relate verbally when he returns.
labor conditions in general throughout
the United States, saying that unions are
stronger at present than they have been
for the past 23 years.
In speaking of the Eastland and Titanic
disasters he said that if the seamen's bill
had been in effect the lives of the pas
sengers would not have been lost.
Gompers also criticised the local Car
pouters' Union for withdrawing from the
Central Labor Council, stating that if the
carpenters had remained affiliated with
the central body it would have helped
strengthen organized labor in this city.
He then told of his start in unionism.
saying that he became a union man in
Pittsburg in 1880, and has ever been
faithful to the cause since that time.
Allium! those present besides the guest
of honor were : Joseph Ctillcn, Frank
Kist, editor of The Chronicle; Tom An
derson, John D. Fryc. James Wilson,
Joseph 1'roebstle, Matthew Lomerford
Charles Wirmel, W. E. Myers, editor of
the Labor Advocate; William Gustin, i
Thomas Mugaviu, Thomas McManus,
Doc. Mullen, Jerrv Sullivan, Herbert i
Marshall, William G. Shea, M. Radke, '
William Ryan. Joseph Ilruner, Henry1
Ott, I nomas J. Donnelly. Guy Decker,
Writes President Wilson.
While President Gompers was in the
cny a co iv ol a letter lie nau sent to
President Wilson urging that the Federal
'investigation of the Eastland disaster at
,. . . ::..
Jacob Kunzelman, J. Modest, lirncst I .)ryL,,j I
rr UcrryDoud,-PHTr.Gasdorf --- f7,(cinim elected -HillsTwcren-eacl ahdl
Chicago be conducted by a commission " for sale of picnic tickets. Report was
of fair-minded citizens, was made public. ' ordered received.
In this letter President Gompers said: j Under the head of Reports of Dele
"Since all our inspection agencies have fates, llrothers Smith, Haubrock. Jones,
proved woefully inadequate, would it not , Ross and Hoyden reported upon condi
lie a travesty of justice to permit an in- tions existing throughout the city as rc
vestigation of the Eastland horrors to be , ported in Central Labor Council. It was
made by the inspection officials who arc also reported that Samuel Gompers.
in some degree at least responsible for President of the American Federation of
the disaster that has taken place? In
this connection also let me urge upon
vour attention how completely the East
land disaster refutes all of the argu
ments that have been urged to bring out
j'luendirent or repeal the seamen's act.
1 f , as a nation, we have regard for the
value and sacredness of human life, if
we esteem human beings higher than
property or property interests we shall
insist that the seamen's act shall not
only not lie weaueneil, nut snail lie
strengthened in order to provide greater
security for future water tralhe or travel
ing." Charge Against Inspei'tnrs.
The letter states that the attention of
the Gevernment had been drawn to ser
ious charges against inspectors on the
Great Lakes by the Chicago Federation
of Labor, which also reported over
crowding of excursion steamers on the
legislation that is intrusted to
tors, the letter adds. A mysterious
influence has always operated for the
elimination of all inspectors who per
form their duty without regard for the
favor of shipping interests."
acoina. Wash. Butchers in this city
lave organized and affiliated to the Am
algamated Meat Cutters and Iiutcher
Workmen of America.
OlM'OSrl SrXDAY WOKK.
Sacramento. Cal. The Barbers' Un
ion is opposing Sunday labor and pro
pose picketing several shop whose pro
prietors believe in ccasless toil.
IJHKWKKY WOltKICltS ADVAXC1C.
Baltimore. Brewery workers have
destroyed the possibility of a solid line
up against their new scale by the Amer
ican Brewing Company signing the new
three-year contract. Wages of brew
workers and drivers are increased $1
a week. Bottlers will be granted an
eight-hour day and engineers and lire
men are given a ten-day's vacation an-nrally.
LOST MARRIAGE LICENSE
Hut Guy Hecker Held On To Docu-
incut Until the Nuptial Knot
Guy Ilecker, of the Electrical Work
ers, came very nearly ncing short cir
cuited in his attempt to get married
hursday, but finally made the proper
Ilecker had procured a license to
marrv .Miss Delia Xolan, which he did,
the Rev. Haefner perming the cere
mony. After the wedding, Guy was not
as careful of the license as he had been
before the ceremony, and lost it. It was
found by George Schick of 132 West
McMillan street, who iimneditcly got
busy to find the owner, so that Decker's
execution might not be delayed.
Schick made inquiries at the Build
ing Trades Council and was told that
Decker already had been wired and
the lights turned on. When Decker
later turned up at headquarters he had
to "buy for the bunch," and in turn was
presented with a kitchen cabinet by the
Building Trades Council and a purse of
gold by his friends.
The presentation was made by Patrick
By CiiAKi.r.s 11. Sampson.
The first regular meeting in August
was called to order by President Jones,
on the 3th, at O-.ao a. m. Holl call
showed all officers present. Minutes of
The auditor's quarterly report was pre-
semen aim uuu iicu.
I The Picnic Committee made its report
on cash received from July 1.. to August
-. r, i f ;,.;,. t;,-L-ntc K'.M.nrt m;
Labor, made quite an instructive and
interesting address before the Central
Corned. Tuesday evening, August It.
Under the head of New Business and
Welfare of the Division, several very
good talks were made. It certainly is
gratifying to hear the membership get
upon "the floor and express their opinion.
Makes Closing; Address.
The closing address was made by
Brother George Gray, Executive Board
member, from llartwell Station, and is
in part as follows ;
"Mr. Chairman and Brother Members:
It is not often that T take the floor to
make a lengthy talk, hut this morning,
while silting here and listening to the
men around me express their views upon
various matters pertaining to our laliors,
our city, State and county, I could not
help but compare the state of affairs that
exists now with the conditions that ex
isted three years ago. .
"At that time I believed that men had
the right to organize, but 1 must con
fess that I did not realize the great bene
fits to lie derived from organized labor.
At that time we bad a body of unorgan
ized men operating the cars in this city.
One man did not know the other, and
apparently did not care to become ac
quainted. We looked upon the man from
another station as a stranger, and was
i not interested in his wellare.
"We saw him today working upon ins
car; tomorrow lie was gone. If we had
seen him on one particular run for a
vear or so we might notice his absence
in a casual way. hut we never thought
to inmiire what had become of him. In
fact, we did not care, because we were j
onlv interested in staying on the job I
ourselves. Todav that condition is
chanucd. We meet in this hall, we dis
cuss 'conditions, and if a man meets with
reverses and is in bad circumstances, or
lie has been uniustly dealt with and it
can be proven that a mistake has bee"
made in dealing with his case, we tand
ope and all ready to extend to him a
helping baud and treat him as a brother.
Arc Not Sflllsli.
"This i as it should be. We should
not be selfish and live within ourselves
exchisivelv, but we should be in touch
with our fellowman, know what ails him,
(Continued on page 5)
i tlm nrevinns nu't'tinirs were read and an-1
Western and Southern Life
Taken Off Unfair List by
Building Trades Council
Local Insurance Company Reinstated to Fair List Action
Meets Approval of Workers Who Hold or Want to
Take Out Policies Regular Weekly Meeting of
Council Held Business Reported Fair.
The IHiilding Trades Council, at its
regular weekly meeting, Thursday night,
took the wise step, which it should have
taken many weeks ago, of taking the
Western and Southern Life Insurance
Company off the unfair list and rein
stating it as fair to union labor.
It is extremely doubtful if the West
ern and Southern ever should have been
drawn into the jurisdictional contro
the trade unionists which,
pi tn its heinir declared unfair. he
light between the unionists was trivial j
and should have been settled among i
themselves and the contractor without ,
bringing the employing company into
the light. It was the contractor, if any
one, not the insurance company, which
was at fault.
The action of the council came as a
relief to many union workers who are
carrying policies in the Western and
Southern and who were on the eve of
being forced to cancel their insurance.
TO L'UCK "SAFKTY KIKST."
Francisco. A committee, of
which, Coroner Lelanel is chairman, is
with the State Industrial Accident Com
mission in its "safety first campaign.
Other committees are considering safety
rules for boilers and engines.
AGAINST TKXKMHXT LAUOK
Albany. X. Y.
A committee of the
State Constitutional Convention favors
an amendment to the organic act prohib
iting the manufacture of goods in New
York City tenements. This amendment
would leave no doubt as to the police
power of the state to handle this ques
tion. GKAXTKI) wagk ixckkask.
Fall River. Mass. The strike of
plumbers and iteamfitters has ended,
the employers signing the new agree
ment which gives the journeymen and
their helpers an advance in wages, the
union shop and Letter working condi
tions. The strikers were away from the
shops a week, and the minimum rate to
be paid to the journeymen will be $ I..VJ
for an eight-hour day.
dinfi CnmncLTivM "" m tne Xew Vork iIistrict-eni"
. UU5 KsUlilJJU.IlJ' ploying in all tralics about :U,oo persons,
' had granted the eight-hour workday and
Columbus. O. An award of ,:..V.l I a general increase in jyages. The names
was ordered Wednesdav by the State In-'of these live shops, Kcppler said were
.Instrinl Commission for the widow and ! withheld at the request ot the employers,
daughters of Daniel Fanning, of High -
I.-ind avenue. C nciuiiati. "alining was an
employe of the Cincinnati Gas and Elec
tric Companv. He was injured in Jan
uary, 1014, and died last December. As
the company carries its own risk under
the Workmen's' Compensation law, it
must pay the award as ordered by the
Nearly $5,(100 in State compensation
was awarded by the Commission today
as the result of elevator accidents. To
Mr. and Mrs. John Morgan, of Youngs
town, parents of seventeen-year-old
Thomas Morgan, who was crushed in
the elevator of the Vindicator Publish
ing Company, June 14, 1013. the Com
mission gave $1,ST-, to be paid in weekly
installments of $(!. The sum of $:i,120
was given by the Commission to Mrs.
Bessie V. Schamp, Akron, widow of
Richard Schamp, who was killed July
:i, lOl.'ie in the elevator of the Schaefer
Black Company, Akron. This will be
paid in weeklv sums of $10.
Mrs. Nettie Welch, of Rogers, Colum
biana Countv, received an award from
the Coniniiss'ion of Sl,fi04, for the death
of her husband, Edward J. Welch, an
employe of the Elk Run Company, who
was killed by a fall of dirt on July 14
It also was a relief to many others who
desire to take out policies in this com
pany as soon as they could do so in jus
tice to their fellow workers.
President Cullcn being ill and Vice
President Fischer away on his aca
tion. the meeting was called to order
by Acting Secretary Tom Anderson, and
Edward Lane was elected chairman.
I A communication was received from
Thomas J. Donnellv. secretary-treasurer
of the Ohio State Federation of Labo.",
containing a call for the annual cnti-
vention of the Federation which will
meet at Mansfield. O., beginning Mon-
day. October 11.
A communication iroin the Building
Trades Council of Portland, Ore., re
garding elevator construction which in
volves" electrical workers, iteamritters.
iron workers, machinists and plumbers,
was laid over until the next meeting.
The Labor Day Committee reported
progress and business agents reported
That the union men of Cincinnati will
not see thousands of their fellow wrk-
j ers thrown out of positions in trades in
j which they have spent their lies In
the wave of temperance sentiment in
! Ohio without protest, was shown I burs-
i An organization called the Hannltun
1 County Home Rule League wa formed
and it will at once begin to combat the
forces of the prohibitionists.
Thomas McManus, president f Cen
tral Labor Council, was elected chair
man: Joseph Burner, secretary, and
William Lickte, treasurer. Headquar
ters will he established at 140 Walnut
street. About September 1 an active
campaign of speaking will be begun bj
the trade unionists of the city.
KIGHT-Iiorit WOKK DAY
Grunted I5y Shops hi Xi'W
Machinists' Ollleial Say
New York. J. J. Kcppler. Vice-Presi
dent of the International A.sso.ciation ot
Mnrti,:.,;t n, iMrtitttri.il Wpilnesrlm that
j but may be made public later when the
i general (.ampaigii
that has been insti
tuted by the machinists lor the eight
hour dav is further advanced.
William 11. Johnston, International
President of the Machinists, who arrived
today from Washington, was in consul
tation with officers of the local unions,
and a conference, at which President
Johnston will meet the general organ
izers from all New England States, will
be held at Hartford. Conn.. Sunday
This conference will be followed by sim
ilar meetings in different parts of the
district each week.
The situation, with respect to the Gar
vin machine shops here, where several
hundred men are out, and the Bliss plant
in Brooklyn, where negotiations are in
progress, is unchanged, Kcppler asserted.
"The net result to. date of the eight
hour campaign that was begun at Bridge
port," said Kcppler, "is that thousands
of working men and women have been
benefited throughout the Eastern States
with increased wages and better hours.
While comparatively only a small num
ber of these persons arc machinists, the
employes in other branches of work
where machinists are employed are shar
ing in the benefits of the campaign of