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title: 'The labor advocate. (Cincinnati, Ohio) 1912-1937, August 07, 1915, Page 2, Image 2',
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THE LABOR ADVOCATE
The Stay -at-Home Element
Handicaps Union Labor
An article by James M. Lynch, written
for the Denver Labor Bulletin, tells you
what the stay-at-home clement does to
the efforts of those who try to help
them by coming to the meetings. Bro
thcr Lynch's article follows:
"The stay-at-home element is the
greatest drag to trade union effort. The
trade union is the most important so
ciety with which the wage-earner is af
filiated. It is his bread and butter or
ganization. Under our present wage sys
tem it fixes the conditions under which
he works and the money return for his
labor. Nothing can be more important
to the toiler, from an existence stand
point, than the wages and conditions tin
der which he labors, for these directly
affect the enjoyment of life and pursuit
"Remember that you are responsible
for your union and its welfare. You
cannot shrink that responsibility. The
union is wliat you and your colleagues
make it. It can and should be a power
ful engine for justice for the wage-earner
The wage-earner's future is in his
own hands. He must work out his own
destiny. He has an instrument ready
at hand in his trade union for his eleva
tion to a higher and better sphere. lie
of Seamen's Law
Washington. Owners of the ill-fated
liastland opposed the seamen's bill. Sec
retary Kedlicld of the department of
commerce, has made public the letters of
General Manager J lull, who called on
the former to have the act either "inod
ilicdor entirely canceled." The cabinet
official answered that he had no such
power, and in answer to his request for
objections to the law, Hull replied, in
That it would be a "physical impos
sibility" to comply with the life saving
clauses of the law.and that "if it were
possible to put this amount of equip
ment on the Kastland the weight that
would be added to her upper deck would
make the boat difficult to handle."-
That tlit? provision increasing- the num
ber of competent seamen "would afford
an opportunity to able seamen to fix
an arbitrary wage ami tie up the boat
"There is no reason for an increase
in life-saving equipment on this run."
"The boat is constructed of steel
throughout. Her run between Chicago
and St. Joseph is approximately sixty
miles.' She is at no time in excess of
one hour and thirty-three minutes from
shore, and at all times on her run is
within ten to sixty minutes of all steam
it's. Assistance in case of trouble could
readily be secured from other steamers
and the ports of Chicago, Michigan City,
Milwaukee, St. Joseph and South Haven.
"It will be impossible to operate un
der the seamen s law and make ex
penses. This will naturally affect the
stocks and the bonds and in the ease of
a great many companies will render their
bond issues practically worthless."
The sections of the seamen's law that
General Manager I lull .objected to will
not lake effect until November -I next.
This means that the liastland would not
have to comply with the law until next
STItlKIXC WIKK .MUX IJAIX.
Minneapolis Striking electrical work
ers report continued advances in their
effort to raise wages. International
President McXulty was in the city re
cently and conferred with his fellow
unionists, who have secured the work of
wiring several large buildings in process
WAXT A STATU TOXS'IW Mi; LAKY,
Denver. It is charged that corporate
interests are preparing to have a "spon
taneous" cry for a state constabulary
Mart in various sections of Colorado.
These corporations have brought the
state militia into ill repute and hints of
a CVnsack system are now being heard.
CITY laitOKKKS WAOICS
I'.wrott. Mass. The city council has
increased wages of city laborers from
'i.'.'., to $a.5() per day. The council re
fused to accept a report of its commit
tee on finance that a two weeks' vaca
tion for these workers is illegal. This
order was passed.
Muskegon, Mich. A local of press
men and press assistants has been form
ed in this city through efforts of Or
ganizer Vickcry. 1 Ins .official is assist
ing in building up the locals of the craft
in Kalamazoo and Battle Creek
must use that instrument with care and
"Do your duty to yourself and those
dependent upon you.
"Attend the meetings of your union.
"That many of the evils of which we
complain, nearly all of the misunder
standing and a great proportion of the
uiitouniicd criticism would be eliminated
if wc had a belter attendance at union
meetings, is an opinion formed by me as
a result of many years of trade union
experience, both as a member of a local
union, an officer of that union, and an
officer of the international organization.
The men and women who get to the un
ion meetings understand the policies that
are being made effective, and, as a gen
eral rule, are well satisfied with the pro
gress that we are making. lint whether
they are satisfied or not, they know what
they are talking about, for they have the
facts first hand.
"We want intelligent criticism, and we
want suggestions that are based on
knowledge and experience. This critic
ism and these suggestions will come in
greater proportion of wisdom if the
members first learn of their local union
and tlieir international organizations
irom attendance at local union meet
IKOX IIITKIXKSK IXCKICASICS.
Cleveland. A local publication de
voted to the iron and steel interests says
that the demand for iron and steel for
uses not connected with the European
war is steadily increasing. This refers
especially to automobile companies not
catering to war business and large man
ufacturers of agricultural implements.
It is stated that one of the largest in
dependent concerns in the Pittsburgh
district now operating at 85 per cent of
its capacity, believes that 70 per cent of
its orders represent domestic consump
tion. WAXT KACTOItV IXSI'KCJTOUS.
Atlanta, Ga. Unionists of this State
ire urging the passage of a law creat
ing the office of factory inspector to en
force statutes intended to protect the
lives and health of working neonle. In
an open letter to the State assembly, the
Journal of Labor says:
"Some of the factories, mills and
workshops of Georgia there
are conditions which appall an inves
tigator and which shock the moral sense
of any one who is not calloused bv a
criminal disregard of the health am!
morals of those who have been cast into
the cauldron of cupidity.
I'M'.M KICKS COXKIOK.
Kvcrett, Wash. Uniform laws pro
viding lor sanitary plumbing and a con
sequent increase of health was one of
the main subjects discussed at the con
vention of the Northwestern Associa.
lion of Plumbers and Steamlitters, held
in this city. The delegates represented
Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana
and British Columbia. General Organ
izer llruce said employers should join
with the workers in this movement which
would benefit the people nr- a whole.
.MKTAIi WOKKKKS TO ASK MOKH.
Plliladelllllin. At :i mirlinir itf i. vi..
ciltives of melal working unions it was
decided that demands lie iii.-iili- fur :i
general wage' increase. It was agreed
that the local unions should present their
demands at one time. It is probable that
an eight-hour day will be included in
the renuest. Then- was mi slril.-n simii!.
mi'iit at the meeting, the workers present
lelii'vnu! that their demands wi he con
('I)XVI('TS TO Itl'ILO ItOAKS.
Sacramento, Cal. Starting August 8
officials will work convicts on road build
ing. Several camps of nearly ItlO pris
oners to apply the honor system at these
camps. There will be no guards and the
convicts will do their own policing, but
the men will be selected -who can be
trusted. Credits will be given for good
STATU COl'KTS XOT AOKKKO.
Washington. Contrary views of state
courts on the validity of social legisla
tion is shown in a bulletin (Xo. !)
just issued by the Federal Bureau of
In considering occupational diseases,
for instance, the Massachusetts courts
bold lead poisoning to be within the
state act, providing for compensation
for "personal injuries arising out of and
in the course of employment," while
the Michigan courts, under the provi
sions of a state law similarly expressed,
hold that a case of lead poisoning is not
entitled to compensation.
Ill Massachusetts iiillammatiou of an
eye, caused by inhaling poisonous gases,
was held to come under the compensa
tion act, while in New Jersey the court
disallowed a claim on account of eczema
said to be caused by acids used in a
COURT WON'T INTERFERE
WITH CARPENTER'S ACTS
New Orleans. Circuit Judge Ellis has
refused to restrain the Brotherhood of
Carpenters from taking the charter from
a local of carpenters in this city. The
defunct union started suit but Judge
Ellis held that the laws of the brother
hood gave ample protection to all con
cerned. He said:
"Plaintiff still has the right to appeal
to the general convention of the United
Brotherhood (of Carpenters and Join
ers) and that pending said appeal pro
vision is made for the holding in trust
of the funds and entire effects of the
plaintiff, by proper authority, and that
provision is also made for the members
of the plaintiff's union in good stand
ing by the issuance of clearance cards
which retain them upon their compliance
with the rules of the brotherhood in
all their rights as members ; and further
considering that under the facts here
shown tlfc duty of the court is to abstain
from interference in the internal affairs
of the brotherhood."
The union's, charter was revoked on
complaint of locals No's. K118 and 184fi,
sustained by a committee of investiga
tion. BUSINESS MEN OPPOSE
CHILD LABOR MOVIES
Boston. This city gives "park shows"
in the various parks during the sum
mer months, but the Boston industrial
board refuses to be a party to the enter
tainments unless certain moving pic
tures dealing with the child labor ques
tion are eliminated.
These business men believe that
Massachusetts should now halt all anti
child labor agitation until other States
"catch up" with its legislation.
Another reason advanced by Chair
man John N. Cole of the board, is that
such pictures arouse prejudice in the
minds of those people who arc "very
naturally dissatisfied with conditions."
Mr. Cole is quite sure there are sub
jects enough to make interesting pro
grams without dragging in such dis
tressing incidents as child labor he
calls it : "the harrassing negative side of
"BIRD HOG" IS FARMER'S
ALLY IN MOUNTAINS
Hunts Qimil Alter Fashion of Ti-tii li
cit Dog, Snyx Xntclii'. i:icil.
Savannah, Ga. There is a hog down
in Natchez, Mis'!., which is used to hunt
quail. I'or proof the reader is referred
to Ashland Shields, about twelve miles
from Natchez. Mr. Shields is the proud
owner of the "bird hog," the only one
in the State of Mississippi, and, so far
as records go, in the world. The "bird
hog" works in this manner, according to
"The hoi; holds a covev perfectly and
never flushes a bird. When he locates
a covey the bristles rise on his back,
his tail uncurls and becomes perfectly
rigid, he lifts his left hind foot making
a perfect point."
Mr. Shields says that from early
pighood the animal associated with the
Biickhurst dogs, acquiring their habits
and outlooks, and being endowed with a
brain of exceptional efficiency for a pig
has surpassed the pointers at tlieir own
savs iti:ii:ui:Ni)i'.M is u:(;al.
Chicago. L. II. Strawn. acting at
torney general of Illinois, does not take
seriously the claim of Addison C. Har
ris, of Indianapolis, that the referen
dum can not be legally adopted in those
States that originally formed the North
west Territory, because it was provided
that this area, when turned over to the
Union, "should have a strict republican
form of government."
The Indianapolis man made this state
ment at a meeting of the Wisconsin Bar
;sociation, and Attorney General Strawn
"These chaps who speak at bar asso
ciation conventions always feel that they
spend long hours trying to dig up some
thing sufficiently startling. This looks
like it was intended for just such a pur
pose." STATIC K.Ml'KOV.MKXT Kl'KICAr.
Des Moines, Iowa. The new state
free employment bureau, connected with
the bureau of statistics, is now in full
running order. This department was
created by the last legislature. The law
took effect the first week of July.
CIIICACO "I," K.MPLOVKS KIC
JNCT COMI'AXY'S ItATH.
Chicago. Offer of increased wages
amounting to two cents an hour for the
first year and a substantial additional
increase for the second half of a two
year contract made by President Brit
ton I. Budd of the Chicago elevated lines
was 'rejected by the union employees.
The result makes arbitration necessary.
Mayor Thompson will act as umpire, as
he did in the arbitration of the surface
car men's dispute, and State's Attorney
lloyne again will act for the emnloyees.
The elevated roads have not selected a
f it -tafEo-
&& Of America rCr
COPYRIGHT STRADE MARK REGISTERED
THIS IS OUR LABEL,
BUY IT FROM YOUR FRIENDS
THE QUEEN CITY COAL CO.
PRIVATR KXClIANtiE WHHT 5J820
! REISCHMANN'S YEAST
THE BEST BREAD
Labor Vote Not
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
The Australian Worker makes this
spirited reply to the charge by Premier
llohuan that a recent labor conference
was merely "a voting machine :"
"The labor movement is not clay in
the hands of either a conference or a
premier. It is not a plastic lump, to be
pinched and squeezed into this shape
or that by a number of persons posing
as the molders of its destiny.
"The labor movement is a Ieaderless
"It chooses certain individuals to voice
its views and cast its votes, but it gives
no one whatsoever the right or the power
to impose his own personal ideas upon
it to embody his private opinions and
prejudices and fallacies in formal state
ments and declare : 'Behold, the labor
"The labor movement is the biggest
tiling on earth. It is so big that it can't
be packed into four walls or crammed
into the cranium of any man alive, be
the size of his hat what it may.
"Nothing smaller than the whole world
will clo for it. Though for practical pur
poses it divides itself in accordance with
geographical boundaries and racial char
acteristics, in spirit it is cosmopolitan,
and even mountains and oceans cannot
"The labor movement represents the
spontaneous coming together of the
workers, goaded by common wrongs into
seeking a common remedy.
"In the ordinary meaning of the term
it has no 'leaders.' It neither desires
nor requires them.
"It chooses delegates to do certain de
finite work; it endows them with power
to vote in a certain way on certain
"But it has not the slightest intention
of r.'.lowing itself to become the puppet
of any man or group of men. It is big
ger than any man or group of men. It
is better than any man or group of
"VlliliAOK IIIjACKSMITII" QUITS
WITH A PltOKIT OK S 10, ()()).
Lafayette, I nil. Matthew iMcNulty,
who was at one time known as the "vil
lage blacksmith" of Lafayette, has re
tired after being in the business for near
ly sixty years. He estimates that he has
shod more than a half million horses and
mules in his career.
He was a horseshoer during the days
of the Wabash ami Erie Canal and had
the contract for shoeing the mules that
provided the power for the boats be
tween Toledo and Lafayette. McNulty
accumulated a fortune of -10,0(11) and says
lie will now retire to his farm.
IN CHOOSING WHAT YOU
Ask for this Label when
purchasing Beer, Ale
As a guarantee that it is
"There's some mistake about this bill,"
said the departing guest. "You told mc
your rates were live dollars a day."
"So they are," said the genial hotel
proprietor, "but that's just for having
your name on the register. Rooms and
board are extra."
The wedding party was moving dowii
the aisle, and as the bride passed a
woman friend sitting with her husband
whispered : "She's wearing a veil loaned
by her grandmother. Isn't it a beauty?"
"It certainly is," replied her husband,
"but just look at the white waistcoat the
bridegroom is wearing. He borrowed
that from mc."
Piolmbly Xot. ,
"I believe a man should be master in
his own house," said the newly married
man. "There can be only one head in
a family, and I mean to be it."
"That's a very good idea," answered
his friend, who had been married more
years than the other had lived. "A very
good idea indeed. Have you spoken to
your wife about it?"
"I see you're teaching your wife to
play golf. Is she an apt pupil?"
"Oh, she doesn't care for the game at
all. I'm merely teaching her the rudi
ments, so I can discuss the game with
her when I come home from the links."
Tin; Minimum Witge.
Adopting the recommendation of the
conference, the Washington State indus
trial welfare commission has fixed $0
per week as the minimum wage for
chambermaids and "other hotel help,"
while the recommendation for $11 per
week for waitresses was rejected, and
another conference will be called soon
to further consider the problem. E. W.
Olson, chairman of the commission, is
sued a statement saying conditions for
waitresses vary to such a degree that
further consideration will have to be
given to fixing their compensation. A
minimum of,$7..i0 a week for all minors,
male and female, employed in hotels or
restaurants was adopted.
To inspire his son, the National
Guardsman had read aloud the report
of the new class at the United States
Military Academy going into camp on
the batiks of the Hudson.
"If you had your choice, son," said
the father, "wouldn't you like to go to
"If T had my choice, dad," replied the
son, "I'd like to be at Montauk Point,
Rockaway Point or Point Pleasant just
Whereupon father crumpled his paper,
seeing that there was no hope.