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THE LABOR ADVOCATE
Toys "Made in the U.S.A."
Coming Into Theiy Own
Japan, Which Assumed to Inherit the Trade Lost to
Teutons, Must Now Succumb Her Products Too
Flimsy to Meet Childhood's Requirements.
In nn absolutely open market the
American toy manufacturers have
beaten the Japanese in their own field.
The publication of the figures of Japan's
commerce during the year ending May
111, have been made the basis of a con
certed effort in Yokohama to try to re
capture the lost ground.
With the outbreak of the European
war the manufacture of toys in Aus
tria and Germany was stopped sudden
ly. Great difficulties of distribution con
fronted other toy producing countries,
such as Holland Their exports, there
fore, were materially reduced. Toys had
to be made, for children must play.
With the difficulties of transportation on
the Atlantic, the ejes of the Far East
turned expectantly to those nations con
trolling the trade of the Pacific Japan
and the United States.
Then Japan Took the Field.
Owing to her previous reign in the
manufacture 6f toys Japan immediately
sprang to the lead. Leading houses sent
representatives to the Philippines, the
Dutch Indies and India, from which
regions the demand was particularly in
sistent. So successful were these jour
neys and so large were the orders re
ceived that many manufacturers invested
large sums in new machinery and build
ings. The principal demand was for col
ored paper toys, small Hags and wooden
models. This demand so closely resemb
led the lines already developed by the
Japanese that the manufacturers simply
continued making goods along the old
pattern. They presumed that they could
force Japanese tastes upon these tropical
countries. The deliveries were prompt,
the packing was excellent, and the con
signees appeared satisfied.
Not so the children. Used to the
strong and well built Dutch toys with I
their durable colors, they were dissat
isfied with the flimsy and inferior pro
duct of Japan. The toys to which they
were accustomed had been carved out
of solid wood; these later playthings
were made of a slip of bamboo and
glued. The colors came off when they
were "licked," and an hour's play with
the top in a tropical sun caused all its
hues to fade. The tastes of the chil
dren had not been consulted, and as they
were the ultimate consumers, great pow
er lay in their hands. The wreckage
of the Japanese toy in the hands of the
children was the signal for the down
fall of Japanese trade extension.
Only Other Competitor.
Merchants of the Indies turned their
eyes to the only other competitor on the
Pacific the United States. Having no
traditions, American manufacturers were
ready to study the demands of the buy
ers. Although they were not able to
make the goods as cheaply as Hie Jap
anese owing to the higher price of la
bor, the better workmanship of the toys,
more than made up for the difference in
price. The Japanese trade which had
grown extensively, shrivelled, while the
small beginnings of American manufac
turers have increased enormously. A
new market has opened before the Amer
ican toy industry and appears to rest
imrui n cntwt lincic
FOR EDITOR HARDEN
LONDON. A Renter dN
pnteli from Copenhagen Miy.s:
".Maximilian Harden, editor
of Die Ziiktinrt, passed through
Copenhagen Tliur.sdav, Incog
nito, on an enforced holiday
of indefinite duration in North
"Ills recent article virtually
eoniniendini; Italy's attack on
lier arch enemy Austria Is
reported to have aroused the
wrath of ollicial Germany."
IMMNTI'KS CALL ON UNIONISTS.
Chicago. Typographical Union adont
cd a resolution inviting other trades
unions to ioiu with it in obtaining the
services of a legal representative to
watch the investigation into the Fast
land disaster. The resolution declares
the accident will go down in history as
"one more charge against carelessness
or "incomnctcncv." and that "ever dis
aster of this nature in the past has
resulted in a 'whitewash' for the offenders."
SAYS LAWSON VERDICT
IS NATIONAL CRIME
Offices for rent in magnifi
cent Home Office Building.
Only $1.60 a month for a
Good Night's Sleep
T""0 you realize how much of your worry arises
L' from uncertainty over money fear that your
income may be cut off, fear that your family may
not have food and clothing? We can not guar
antee your present income, but we can promise your
wife $1 ,000 in case of your death, if you will pay
us only $1.60 a month (age 25). For $3.80 a
month (age 25) we can do that and also promise
you $1,000 in twenty years, payable to yourself.
If this appeals to you at all, do somethinfj! Inquire
today of Jewell and Jewell, General Agents for
i)t Winion Central iit
JESSE R. CLARK. Prei. OF CINCINNATI ESTABLISHED IS67
Low Cost to Policy Holders
New York. A strike of (10,000 mem
bers of the International Ladies' Gar
ment Workers' Union was averted
Wednesday by Mayor Mitchel's Concili
ation Council, which finally adjusted all
differences after twenty-three sessions.
While the union already had voted al
most unanimous on a walkout and had
given the manufacturers until midnight
Wednesday night to accede to the find
ing of the council, further time was al
lowed for today's conference at which
the questions involved could be re
viewed. The new scale of wages gave the em
ployes in various departments an in
crease which was acceptable, although
the full demands were n'ot granted. The
settlement was a compromise, the split
scale being adopted in the fixed weekly
salary allowance. There also was an in
crease for piece workers.
Adler Issues Letter.
Dr. Felix Adler, Chairman of the Con
ciliation Council, in a letter to Charles
lleineman, Chairman of the Executive
Committee of the Cloak, Suit and Skirt
Manufacturers Association, said it was
only fair to State that the association
had announced its acceptance in prin
ciple of the Council's recommendations
on July 20.
Points for which the union contended,
and which were granted, provided for a
review by an impartial tribunal of all
cases where union members were dis
charged ; for the preservation of stand
ards by protocal provisions, and an equal
distribution of work during the dull sea
son to "an extent not conflicting with
the efficient operation of shops."
Concerning the future possibility of
differences, Dr. Adler in his letter to
Chairman lleineman said"
"If a case of actual dispute due to dif
ferences of interpretation arises between
the parties our recommendations specifi
cally provide for a method of adjust
ment." He added that the council would be
available to interpret and apply the prin
ciples lid down in the agreement when
ever the parties appeal to it.
IM'OI'Ll MOKK TIIUIFTV.
1,000,000 MUST WORK
FOR BRITAIN'S FLEET
LONDON. The labor of u
million men will lie required
to Insure; the predominance of
tho British lleet at sea, the
Chancellor of the Kvchequer,
Keglnuld McKeimn, declared
at a meeting at I'r ston.
The Itritisli Government, lie
said, was spending upon the
navy nearly $2,500,000 daily
in eveess of what was spent In
Sacramento, Cal. "If young Rocke
feller were put upon trial for a crime in
Colorado, what would the world think
of the gubernatorial appointment to the
bench, as a judge to try his case, of the
leading counsel for the United Mine
Workers of America?" asks the Sacra
"Granby Hillycr, fresh from the serv
ice of the Rockefellers, was picked out
by a gubernatorial appointment last
spring to sit in judgment over a man
whom his employers were prosecuting
the people had no choice therein.
"A verdict obtained under such cir
cumstances should not be permitted to
"If John R. Lawson be guilty of the
crime charged against him he should be
punished and hanging would not be too
severe a sentence.
"Hut it would be a crime against Jus
tice and a stain upon this Xation if he
were to be forced to take a life sentence
in jail at the hands of a Granby Hillyer.
"Whether one ivan more or less goes
to jail' is of very 'little consequence' in
comparison with the question whether
the scales of Justice are to he thus
weighed in advance against a defendant.
"i'"or, if this thing can be done agajnst
John R. Lawson, it can be done against
LI KM I'ltOTKCTKI) IJV UNIONS.
Sickness Insurance Asked
For All Industrial Workers
Columbus. Sickness insurance for all
industrial workers is advocated in the
latest monthly bulletin of the Ohio State
Board of Health. Such insurance, to he
under the supervision of the State,
itself, and therefore, minimize the en
tire burden the bulletin opines.
It says: "An immediate effect is to
promote at once all measures which tend
to keep down the causes for which in
surance has to be spent. We see the
FIGHT CONVICT LKASK SVSTRM.
Montgomery, Ala. Will dollars or
humanity triumph in the fight now being
waged in the legislature to abolish the
convict lease system in this state?
Those who favor making money out
of the bone and sinew of human beings
say this system means an annual profit
of $:i()(),()00, and its abandonment means
a state loss of $.i00l0()0. Legislators who
oppose the system are quoting the tes
timony of coal operators that working
convict labor is a losing business propo
sition. These operators, however, be
lieve the state should continue the lease
Friends of the convicts declare that
Alabama is near the bottom of the lad
der in its treatment of those unfortun
ates, and that convicts should be taken
out of the hands of private lesses and
exploiters and placed on the roads.
I'KKVAILING WAOK LAW VOID.
San Francisco. According to reports
by building and loan associations of this
country, these institutions increased
their assets last year more than $100,
000,000, making a growth of nearly 0
per cent over the previous year.
There are in the United States 0,012
building and loan associations, with a
membership of 2,lo:i,''i5 and assets ag
gregating $l,:i:.7,:i40lo:io. This is an in
crease over last year of 1SH associations,
207,00a members and $108,800,807 in
St. Louis. The law providing for the
prevailing wage rate on municipal work
has been declarc.d invalid by City Coun
selor Danes, and the claim of politicians
that the act "is not worth the paper it
is written on" has been verified.
. The ordinance was passed by the mu
nicipal assembly (comomn council).
Heads of departments were autori7C(l
to confer from time to time with trades
union officials that the prevailing rates
would be constantly maintained. Now
it has been declared void by the city at
torney on the ground that before its pas
sage it was not submitted to the mu
nicipal board of estimates.
WAGIO VOTK IS OUIH'HKD.
would be a logical sequel to workmen's first fruits of the system in the 'safety
compensation insurance, which the State first' propaganda which we have with us
now conducts for the benefit of victims today. In like manner we would see an
of industrial accidents. immediate, sudden expansion of all
The success of State compensation in measures tending to prevent sickness
case of accidents in Ohio and other and deaths from or social insurance cov-
Statcs, the bulletin says, is at least part ering sickness be generally adopted. An
proof that "the second phase of insur- incident in this development, probably,
ance by the State could be well and sue- would be the ready control of occupa-
ccssfully developed." , tional diseases, for, being but one part
The plan for sickness insurance, bow- of the diseases to be compensated for,
ever, would be somewhat differently they probably early would receive an un
earned out as compared with the com-, petus of atttntion from each of the three
pensation scheme, according to the State elements who must pay the premium for
Health Hoard's view. For, whereas in the insurance the State, the employer
Fast Liverpool. O. Officers of the
National Brotherhood of Operative Pot
ters arc submitting to a referendum
wage advance resolutions adopted by
the recent convention. At that time a
proposition demanding a straight in
cerase of 10 per cent was voted down,
but many resolutions increasing wages
in various branches of the trade were
adopted. Pinal settlement for the two
vcars, beginning October 1 next, will be
t.-ikrn u n during Scntcmlier at a con-
Indianapolis. The United Mine Work
ers' Journal calls attention to the evi
dence of the inspector of mines of Colo
rado that the courts of that state were
practically closed to complaints of viola
tions of the mining laws.
The editor makes these observations:
"Organisation of the miners is the
only way through which such loss ot
lite can be lessened, t nrougn tneir or
ganization the men who have to face
these dangers could voice their collec
tive demands for observance of the laws,
and for the well known safeguards
against accidents. Domination of the
courts would be eliminated by organ
ised men, free to express themselves
through their ballots. Thus violations
of the law would be made more costly
than the observance thereof. Safety for
the men would become more profitable
for the company tb.ui accidents. Imper
sonal ownership of the industries has
made organization of the workers im
perative. Without organization they can
JOBS FOR OHIO M1NKHS
Open In Kentucky and West Vir
ginia 15S Sent to Cleveland.
Columbus. While a miners' special
was carrving lfl3 miners to new employ
ment in Cleveland Thursday, word came
to the Adjutant General's Department
,i.. ...n,-i.' fr.r nne hundred additional
miners was available m the West Vir
ginia coal fields, and that twenty could
be given jobs in Kentucky mines.
State officials immediately will ar
rautre for special trains to carry the un
employed men to these places. Coal op
erators' associations of the two States
made the applications.
Mining Commissioner John M. Roan,
in charge of the miners' special, said
nearly 1,000 miners bad tried to board
the train at Glouster, in eagerness to get
to work. Sleeping accommodations will
be found in the National Guard Armory
at Cleveland, he said.
HALF HOLIDAY FOU MAIL MKN.
compensation for accidents, the em
ployer bears the hrunt ot nearly all the
burden, in the sickness insurance plan
the cost would be borne by the Mate,
the employer and the employe. The ulti
mate result would be to reduce sickness I to come of it.'
and the emplove. Sickness insurance
means the injection of the dollar more
vitally than ever into the question of
the prevention of disease, and on this
account we should expect great tilings
to lie Thought Of.
some might be foolish
and Marathon the most famous Greece
spots in history, but it would be dan
Of Course Not.
"Beauty K only skin deep."
"That's enough. You only want to
kiss a peachy cheek. You don't want
to bite it." Louisville Courier-Journal.
Cherrv is the wood most used as a
Thermopylae I backing for the metal plates from which
illustrations are printed m magazines
and periodicals. It is chosen above all
others because it holds its shape, does
not warp or twist, works smooth! and
does not split.
jour idea of
"I want to put it on
a soun 1 basis
THE SPECIAL EQUIPMENT CO,
800-802 WEST SIXTH STREET
Phone West 113 CINCINNATI, 0.
The Big Store's famous guaran
teed clothes are recognized every
where as the greatest standard of
values the best values on earth.
Toronto, Ontario. Letter carriers arc
enjoying a Saturday half holiday as the
result of orders by the Dominion post
office department. The mail men were
cnnnorteil in their agitation for this re
ference with the United States Potters' j form by the Trades and Labor Congress
Association, and the employers' organ- 0f Canada. The order will be in force
ization. during July and August
Ym&ib H K
m ?m 'wi i m . amv
mm & kT
8 Lot l d
to .HIil 'iHrflft , i4c$ yt
Every suit is made in our own
great Cincinnati Tailoring Shops
and sold direct to you, and the mag
nitude of style and pattern varieties
is the largest in America.
AQ-A17 WEST FIFTH STREETV