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THE LABOR ADVOCATE
Big Breach Was Threatened in Organized Labor Was
Proposed to Take Charter From Carpenters Gompers
Pleaded For "Ideals of Human Brotherhood"
San Francisco. The problem of at
tempting to heal a breach in the ranks
of the American Federation of Labor,
growing out of the presentation
of a resolution calling for a sus
pension of the United Brotherhood
of Carpenters and Joiners, was before
the concluding session of the Federa
tion's thirty-fifth annual convention to
day. The union in question is the sec
ond largest international union in
America. Had the resolution been
adopted it would have meant the loss
of 200,000 members of the Federation
and threatened .the disruption of the
organization, according to Federation
officials. After a heated debate a sub
stitute resolution not calling for expul
sion, but offering a means of reaching
an understanding was adopted.
The resolution to withdraw the char
ter of the Carpenters' union was pre
sented by the Adjustment committee.
It was the result of the failure of the
Carpenters' organization to refrain
from alleged encroachment upon jur
isdiction awarded to the machinists,
coupled with the attitude of the Car
penters' union toward the Federation.
In the course of the debate Samuel
Gompers, president of the Federation,
BROCKTON LABOR MAN
DROPS OUT OF SIGHT
Started for A. F. of li. Convention
at Frisco, JJut Didn't Arrive.
Brockton Joseph McGovcrn, -12 years
old, president of the Brockton Central
Labor Union and the Teamsters' Union,
has not been heard from since Novem
ber 1, when he started for San Francisco
jis a delegate to the American Federa
tion of Labor convention there. It is
feared something of a serious nature
has happened to him.
Telegraphic communication with the
officials of the A. F. of L. convention
at San Francisco revealed he had not ap
peared at the convention, although pro
ceedings opened November 8.
When McGovcrn left home he told
his wife and two children he would send
them postcards at every stopping place.
No cards have been received. He was
due to arrive in San Francisco in time
for the opening of the convention.
On November 1, Business Agent Pclo
quin accompanied the delegate to Bos
ton and saw liini board the train. Since
then no trace of his movements can be
found. Credentials in his pockets would
have identified him if he had been taken
ill on the way West.
WHEEIjIXG HUTCHEHS STIHKK.
Wheeling, V. Va. About 250 mem
bers of the Meat Cutters and Butcher
Workmen's union arc on strike to en
force a 10 per cent wage increase.
Plants employing about 150 butchers
have signed the scale.
The just demand of these workers
is shown by Editor Hilton of the
Wheeling Majority, who says:
"To ccsape pneumonia they have to
wear boots at their work. Boots that
formerly cost $3. 25 and wore six
months, now cost $5 and wear three
months. The meat inspection system
has worked a hardship upon the men
in that it has caused them to have
more changes of working clothing
without extra compensation, All have
to change these several times a week,
some of them several times a day. In
the same day men will work in the
early morning in a cellar with a tem
perature of 112 degrees, wearing several
thickness of clothing, and the balance
of the day at work so hot that they
must strip. Between changing 'cloth
ing, dodging pneumonia and paying
more to work and live, they are justi
fied in asking the small increase of 10
per cent. Their wages run now from $2
to $:! for nine hours. Few get $3 in
the packing houses."
GLASS IIOTTM4 OFFICIAL DEAD.
Buffalo. William Laiincr, secretary
of the Glass Bottle Blowers' association,
died in this city suddenly. Deceased was
elected secretary of the glass bottle
blowers in 1804 and held that office con
tinuously since that time.
Hues and Ants.
Bees will place their honeycombs in
any place regularly or irregularly shap
ed, and when they come to corners and
angels they seem to stop and consider.
Then they vary the shape of the cell, so
that the space is exactly filled. It could
not be done more satisfactorily if the
whole thing had been worked out on
paper beforehand. Ants make hard and
smooth roads and drive tunnels compar
ed to which man's efforts in making
such things are insignificant.
said; "We arc not safe from disinte
gration and failure if we lose sight of
the ideals of human brotherhood."
Andrew Furuseth, secretary of the
Sailors' union of the Pacific coast, de
clared his belief that the Carpenters'
union was deliberately seeking to com
pel the Federation to withdraw the
During the hour in which charges
were hurled at them and speaker after
speaker tauntcdi them with bad faith,
the big delegation of carpenters sat
The Carpenters' union was accused
of repairing, dismantling and setting up
machinery in buildings in various cities,
and with claiming the right to do such
work, in defiance of the express com
mands of the Federation in Philadelphia
George L. Berry, president of the
Printing Pressmen's union, offered the
substitute resolution. He moved that
a committee of five representatives of
international unions, with President
Gompers, be selected to attend the con
vention of the carpenters and try to get
them to recede from the stand they had
taken. Berry's substitute was carried.
Ily Cutliolic Editor For His Dis
course Concerning Deity.
As a "mountebank'' and "limelight
loving parson" Herbert S. Bigclow is
characterized by the Catholic Telegraph
in an editorial, condemning his statement
before the People's Church on last Sun
day that "Jesus was the lover of Mary
the sister of Lazarus, to whom, as a mai:
with red blood in his veins, he came ta
pay court," as "the extreme limit of
"It is impossible," says the editorial,
"properly to stigmatize this diabolical
attempt to degrade the character of the
Saviour, this studied effort to represent
the Christ as nothing but the common
est clay, dominated by passion, the very
mention of which, as ascribed to the
Mcssias, has naturally shocked the sen
sibilities of the decent people of the city.
Sincere and honorable clergymen do not
wantonly insult the religious sentiments
of others; they freely and gladly con
cede to all others that peace and liberty
of worship, which they themselves ex
pect to be allowed to enjoy.
"For those who are deluded followers
of the blasphemer in his economic vag
aries we have only feelings of tenderest
pity. We would warn them, in all Chris
tian charity, that real social progress is
utterly impossible, unless it is promoted
in accordance with the unerring prin
ciples of true religion."
LABOR COUNCIL SPEAKERS
Cornelius Lehane, Irish labor leader,
spoke Tuesday night before the Central
Labor Council. Prof. Midlcy made an
attack upon Billy Sunday's methods and
R. L. Corley made a plea for moral and
financial support for the striking ma
chinists. AMEHICAX FEDEKATIOX
To Uphold the Monroe Doctrine Is
Advocated Hy Folk.
Baltimore, Md. Establishment of a
federation of the 21 American republics
to stand back of the Monroe Doctrine
was advocated in a speech here tonight
by Joseph W. Folk, chief council of the
Interstate Commerce Commission.
Such a stcn. he said, would set a pre
cedent for the formation of a federation
and pave the way for ultimate world
peace and disarmament.
IMTT.SnUHCJII CHUM'EHS STKIKE.
PiHcliitnrli P.-i rVniniiiliiiir :!." cents
an hour for first-class workmen and 110
cents an hour for men of the second
class, 100 chippcrs and their helpers
walked out of the plant of the Union
Steel Casting Company here several days
ago, and immediately picketed all ap
proaches to the works. Other workmen
were urged to join -the strike, but C. C.
Smith, president of the company, said
the strikers had met with little success.
"They tell me that Smith was arrested
today because he drowned his dog in the
river," said Jones.
"How could they arrest him for
drowning a dog in the river?" demand
"Why they claimed that a sunken bark
obstructed navigation." replied Jones.
Spokane Spokesman Review.
THE NEW BRIDGE
For Cincinnati Southern Knilrnad
Will Xot He Started Until 11)17.
"We have not seen the plans for the
new Cincinnati Southern railway bridge
at this point, and beyond general details,
know nothing about the new bridge or
just when work of construction will be
gin. The operating company has enter
ed into a contract with the city whereby
latter will issue bonds for the cost of
construction, such issue to be guaran
teed, both as to principal and interest
by the operating company but these
bonds have not, as yet, been issued or
sold. Under these conditions it will
be impossible to say when the work of
construction will be commenced."
Secretary Ferguson, of the Board of
Trustees of the Cincinnati Southern
Railway, made the above statement yes
terday in reply to a question as to when
the work of construction on the new
$2,.")00,000 bridge between Cincinnati and
Ludlow will be begun. Continuing, Mr.
Ferguson stated the bridge will be of
the latest possible design and planned
to carry the heaviest loads which may
be imposed by modern transportation.
There will be two tracks and a roadway
for the accommodation of vehicles, but
no provision has been made for street
When seen Mr. Ferguson was writing
a letter of congratulation to Andrew
Carnegie on his eightieth birthday and
recalled the fact that it was the Key
stone Bridge Co. which erected the pres
ent bridge away back in the seventies.
Mr. Carnegie, who was then the head of
the Keystone Bridge Company, always
took a great interest in this structure
and spoke of it as "my mother's bridge."
Mr. Ferguson, while not caring to
commit himself, evidently feels that the
snow will fly along towards the close
of 1010 before work on the new bridge
CHILDHEX'S LAWS OF 1915.
Washington. Forty-five State and
territorial legislatures and the congress
of the United States in lOl.'i passed laws
affecting children, according to the chil
dren's bureau of the United States de
partment of labor, which has just com
pleted its survey of such legislation dur
ing the current year. Special reference
is made to the impressive bulk of chil
dren's laws and the number of com
missions appointed to study and pre
pare for future legislation.
A few of the forty-five States made
notable advances. Alabama, for ex
ample, whose legislature meets only
once in four years, enacted a new child
labor law, a compulsory school attend
ance law, an excellent desertion and
non-support law and a State-wide juve
nile court law. Florida remodelled its
treatment of juvenile delinquents, re
cognized the principle of compulsory
school attendance, passed the model
vital statistics law, and appointed two
of the State commissions already re
ferred to. Kansas established an in
dustrial commission to regulate hours,
wages and conditions of work for wom
en and minors, and a division of child
hygiene in the State board of health;
it also enacted a playground law and a
mothers pension law. New Jersey and
Wyoming passed comprehensive acts
relating to the care of dependent chil
dren, and Pennsylvania carefully drafted
laws relating to child labor and voca
W1IV XEW YOI1K VOTED "XO."
St. Louis, Mo. William Marion
Reedy, in Recdy's Mirror, gives these
reasons for the defeat of New York's
constitution at the recent election;
"A lot of highbrows, dazed by the
defeat of the proposed new constitution
for New York, are wondering why it
happened. There's no wonder about it
at all. The constitution was defeated
because its supposed progressive pro
visions gave the people no direct voice
in government. Its home rule for
cities was a fake. It removed taxation
still further, if anything, from popular
control, and it gave the voter no power
to check the growth of the privileged
corporations. The document was not
definite in its provisions as to any im
portant matter, and it left everything
too wide open to judicial interpretation.
No concession was made to the prin
ciple of direct legislation. Wherever
the people had any power under the in
strument the power was difficult to ex
ercise and could be nullified after exer
cise. The new constitution was defeat
ed because it was an attempt to make a
people stand stock still in a moving
A young woman who was in the habit
of visiting in a New England village en
countered a rural neighbor in a city
"How's your wife, Mr. Green?" in
quired the young woman graciously.
"Why, don't you know," said Mr.
Green, "I lost her three months ago."
"Oh," said the shocked young woman,
"I didn't know ! I beg your pardon, Mr.
Green, for my inquiry."
"Well," said the disconsolate widower,
"it ain't as bad as it might have been.
I've got good help." Exchange.
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Are You Insurable? Life Insurance Eventually Why Not Now?
I'ltlXTEKS MAKE GAIXS.
Hayes, of the International Typograph
ical union, announces the following re
cent gains :
Dayton, Ohio, three years' contract,
with $22.50 per week for day work the
first year; $23.50 the second year, and
$24 the third year. The night rate is :
$25.50 first year; $20.50 second, and $27
third. The union also secures control
of apprentices, with a scale for them.
Sapulpa, Okla., increases wages $2 per
week for foremen, operators and floor
men, and $2.50 for machinist operators.
Sioux City, Iowa, board of arbitra
tion has ruled that after June 1, next
year, wages shall be increased $1 a week
for a period of two years.
Perth Amboy, N. J., secured three-
year contract with an increase of 50
cents a week each year.
Ithaca, N. Y secures $10 a week this
year and $17 next year. The secretary
writes: twelve years ago we were
working 10 hours a day for $0 a week."
Decatur, 111., raises wages 2 cents an
hour for the next two years and an ad
ditional 2 cents for the third and fourth
Syracuse, N. l ., increases wages of
job printers $1.50 a week.
ACCUSED OF l'ADKOXE ME
THODS. Hammond, Ind. In Judge Reiland's
court at Indiana Harbor a score of af
fidavits, filed by Hungarian laborers,
charged John Sombati of East Chicago
with operating an employment agency,
illegally. On the evidence submitted,
accused was bound over to the super
ior court for trial. Sombati has been a
foreman in the Republic Iron and Steel
company plant for a number of years,
and it is charged that he compelled la
borers to pay him a fee of $5.50 and $0.
and to force subsequent payments of
various amounts on pay day on threats
of discharge. It is claimed these work
ers have been mulcted of thousands of
THAXKS A. F. OF Xj.
New York. The Ladies' Garment
Worker, official magazine of the Inter
national Ladies' Garment Workers' un
ion, makes this comment on the recent
acquittal of eight of its members, who
were indicted in this city on various
charges on the evidence of "gangsters :"
"In the ordeal our union is passing
through this year, the American labor
movement has been with us throughout.
The American Federation of Labor,
through its president, Samuel Gompers,
has rendered us invaluable support in the
recent dispute with the employers, in
volving 50,000 workers, and has shown
profound sympathy to our organization
in the court prosecution of our eight
officers and members. We wish in these
columns to express our gratitude tothe
national, international and local unions
who have responded to our appeal for
moral and financial assistance. They
have shown that fraternity and solidar
ity without which trade unionism would
lie meaningless words."
A Welcome Visitor.
Prospectors in Alaska who spend the
long winters up there sometimes arc in
credibly lonely. A man named Hart
ford was left in charge of a mine one
winter. He was all alone and at the end
of the third month was sighing for com
panionship. One morning he left his
cabin to get some wood and met an en
ormous black bear that reared on its
hind legs and stretched out its front
paws as if to hug the miner.
"Good morning, bear," said the miner,
holding out his hand. "I'm darned glad
to see you."
MEN Consult DR. MACKENBACH, poL0,
PRACTICE LIMITED TO THE TREATMENT OF MEN
When selecting your physician for the treatment of your ailment, ltE
MKMHEIt Dr. Mackenbach is the only Specialist in Cincinnati who advertises
the treatment of AILMENTS OF MEX who is a l'OST-GHADUATE in this
special line of treatment. Sufferers from all AIIjMEXTS PECULIAU TO
MEX, lately or of long standing, should come to see me at once. I give you
the benefit of my many years' experience in the treatment of these special
ailments, together with the experience and knowledge gained during my New
York rOST-GHADUATE and CLIXIO studies.
606 and 914 S5sely No. 1 1 W. Fifth St.
OFFICE HOUltS: lO a. in. to 4 p. in.; Fridays and Sundays, 9 to 12
a. in.; Jlon., Wed. and Saturday Evenings, 7 to S and by Appointment.
WILL CUT LIABILITY RATES
Harrisburg, Pa. The State insurance
fund, which manages the State work
men's compensation insurance, has of
ficially announced that rates will be 10
per cent less than the insurance rate
The manual, which will be the stand
ard for private concerns, has not been
published, but the State declares that
regardless of these figures, it will cut
them 10 per cent.
Officers of the State insurance fund
say they can reduce rates 10 per cent
below those charged by private con
cerns because the State will not have
to figure on agents' commissions or
dividends for stockholders.
"There is also the advantage to the
subscribers in the State fund," say offi
cers, "that there will be no contingent
liability to assessments. The purpose
of the act was to make the payment of
the premium the sole liability to sub
scribers, and no assessments will be lev
ied in any case, as there is not one
word in the act creating the State fund
that directly gives or by implication
suggests the right of assessments."
The 10 per cent reduction means that
the State fund will not remain inactive
while hostile manufacturers and private
insurance companies war against the
compensation act. Instead, the State
officials propose showing manufactur
ers it is safer and more economical to
insure with the fund.
FAKMEKS FA VOU HESTKICTIOX.
San Francisco. In an address to the
A. F. of L. convention, J. H. Patten,
fraternal delegate from the farmers'
national conference, told the unionists
that America's agriculturalists favor re
striction of immigration and strict ex
clusion of Chinese and Japanese coolie
labor because "if the doors of the Pa
cific are thrown open white men will be
driven from the farms." Other planks
favored by the farmers, said the speak
er, include parcel post, rural credits and
TEACIIEHS LOSE LOXG FIGHT.
Columbus, Ohio The State supreme
court has upheld the decision of the To
ledo court of appeals that Superintend
ent Fredericks of the Cleveland public
schools has the right to discharge teach
ers who belong to the Grade Teachers'
club, an organization affiliated to the
Cleveland federation of labor. The
Cleveland board of education passed
an anti-union rule, about two years
ago. Superintendent Frederick was en
joined by Judge Xeff from enforcing the
order, and was later found guilty of con
tempt and sentenced to be imprisoned
and pay a fine of $500. The case has
been before the supreme court twice.
Teeth on Their Tongues.
The biggest of fresh water fishes, the
"arapalma" of the Amazon, in South
America, which grows to six feet in
length, has teeth on its tongue, so that
the latter resembles the file and is used
as such. Some kinds of trout also have
the same peculiarity. Fishes that swal
low their prey entire have their teeth
so supported on flexible bases as to bend
backward, but not forward, in order that
their victims shall not escape after they
have been once seized.
USE JOHXSTOX'S DULL KOTE
PA1XT. It dries perfectly flat without
lustre, washed and cleaned like tile.
Color folder free. Buy it from your
THE It. F. .I01IXSTOX IWIXT CO.,
l'earl and Main Sts., Cincinnati, O.