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THE LABOR ADVOCATE
"Tears of Women to
Aid Labor Freedom
Gompers Leads Fight Against Eight-Hour Measure
Federation Defeats Resolution Indorsing Legislation
Leaders in Squabble Over "Divinity" and "Affinity"
San Francisco, Cal. "I will not trust
the fate of lalior to politics. 1 want the
travail of sacrifice and the tears of our
women, if necessary, upon which to build
labor's economic freedom," cried Presi
dent Gompers during his attack on a res
olution indorsing legislative methods in
obtaining a universal eight-hour law.
Gompers's light against the measure
was one of the liveliest incidents of the
thirty-fifth annual convention of the
American Federation of Labor, which
did not come to a close until last Tues
day. The last session was made the
stormiest of the convention when Gomp
ers and John Fitpatrick, president of
the Illinois Federation, engaged in heat
The resolution on the eight-hour law
was defeated by a vote of 8,180 to (i,:!'.)ii.
The convention went on record in favor
of economic pressure only to obtain
The vote on the eight-hour resolution
was a victory for President Gompers,
who, in an impassioned speech, declared
that the Socialist party was behind the
attempt to force the federation to in
dorse the proposed eight-hour day legislation.
Effect of Bigger9 s Ruling
On Workmen' s Law Not
Serious, Yaple Says
Commission May Sue Employers of Ohio Who do Not
Settle with Injured Employees, Chairman Holds
Decision by Columbus Judge is to be Taken to the
Columbus, Ohio. The operation of
the workmen's compensation law will
not be affected seriously by the decision
yesterday of Common Pleas Judge
T. M. Digger, of Columbus, that Section
"7 of the law was unconstitutional, it
was declared tonight by Judge Wallace
I J. Yaple, Chairman of the Industrial
Judge Yaple speaks as a lawyer who
helped push through the Supreme Court
the fundamental question of the consti
tutionality of the act, and has helped ad
minister both the old and the new laws.
In fact he contributed in a large way
to the construction of the present com
pulsory compensation law and lias helped
decide many thousands of cases brought
under its provisions.
While the one section is knocked out
the decision dries not cripple the legal
machinery of the act to an extefit that
would make it ineffective. Fnough is
left to make the law effective and the
administration of it will go ahead.
To Hi; Tnki'ii to IIIkIici' ('oiii'Ik.
The decision of Judge Iiigger will be
taken to the higher Courts for review
in order that a definite and final decision
on the law may be bad. The fact that
the constitutionality of Section s" lias
been submitted to a number of the Com
mon Pleas Courts of the Slate and up
held, in suits exactly like the one de
cided by Judge Iiigger, is enough to
make imperative, officials say. that the
question be taken at once to the highest
court in the State and a final construc
tion of the law there secured.
In his statement covering the case and
the decision Judge Yaple said: "I have
not seen the opinion of Judge Iiigger, of
the Common Pleas Court of Franklin
County, holdiii" Section '.: of the work
men's compensation act of ion tineon
Mitutionnl, hut I understand that he held
that section to be violative of that part
of our State constitution which provides
that the right of trial by jury shall be
Cini.i'il In tin1 I'og.
It is not usual for a ship on the high
seas to elect to cast anchor on the deck
of a passing steamer, but that is what
a four 'masted schooner did once in the
Atlantic. The two vessels grazed in the
fog, and the "catted" port anchor of
the schooner caught in the steamer's
deck "by a fluke." It fastened to an en
gineer's stateroom in such a manner as
to bar his exit, but fortunately the chain
parted just as the room was being rip
ped into fragments. The srlinoner f"l-
ffliraUtort Btttu Mr brute.
Uirrrht titfl 2juua rjclltfrri.
Telephone Canal 186ft
After the vote was taken F'itzpatrick
stated that the action of the convention
affected only a,W)(J,()()( organized work
ers. This brought about an acrimonious
dispute between him and Gompers, to
ward the end of which Gompers refused
to read to the convention a communica
tion from his opponent. "I'm just as
good as you are," remarked FiUpatrick
to the president before resuming his
seat, "anil you can put that in your pipe
and smoke it."
Fitzpatrick's anger was increased
through misunderstanding a word used
by Gompers. Gompers said to FiUpat
rick and Delegate Barnes: "lietween you
two it looks like a case of a divinity
which shapes our ends." FiUpatrick
thought he said "affinity."
The convention went on record in fa
vor of an American merchant marine,
and refused to take favorable cognizance
of naval increases. In accordance with
action taken at a previous session, a
committee was appointed to survey the
problem of unemployment and vagrancy
in the United Stales.
The convention adjourned to meet
ncNt year in I'altimore.
inviolate, anil further that it attempts to
confer judicial power upon the Indus
trial Commission of Ohio, contrary to
the constitutional provision which con
lines the exercise of such powers to the
Jives .Meaning' of Section U7.
"The constitutional amendment of
I'.wy. authorized the Legislature to enact
a compensation law providing for the
creation of a fund to be maintained by
compulsory contributors thereto from
employers, out of which fund claims for
compensation on account of injury and
death occurring to employees should be
paid. The act of Hi III was passed pur
suant to the constitutional amendment
of I'M a, and Section '27 provides, in sub
stance, that when an employer fails or
refuses to contribute to the State fund,
or to comply with that provision of the
act that permits him to elect to pay com
pensation direct to his employees injured
ill the course of employment, employees
shall be entitled to be paid compensation
in the amount provided by the act direct
from the employer, instead of from the
State fund to which the employer has
not contributed. It further provides that
the Industrial Commission shall have
power to determine the amount of com
pensation due such injured employee
from his employer, and, if it is not paid
within the lime specified therein, that it
shall be collected by civil action in the
courts, brought by the State for the
benefit of the injured employee. This
Judge Iiigger decides can not be done.
"Section l!7 was one of the provisions
designed to make the workmen's com
pensation law compulsory, but since an
other provision of the law authorizes the
Industrial Commission to sue defaulting
employers for the premiums due from
them, a provision to which the commis
sion has found it necessary to resort
only in rare instances, the decision of
Judge Iiigger will not seriously affect
lowed the steamer to its destination to
recover her anchor.
A I til ist of i:ioiiiciice.
This is from Australia: "Gentlemen,
a member of this house has taken ad
vantage of my absence to tweak my
nose behind mv back. I hope that the
next time he abuses me behind my back
like a coward he will do it to my face
like a man and not go skulking into the
thicket tn assail a gentleman vh isn't
present In defend himself." I'xrbangc
FT. WAYNE STRIKE CASE
THROWN OUT OF COURT
Indianapolis. Judge Anderson of the
federal court has thrown the so-called
"Ft. Wayne strike case" out of court, on
the ground that the case should be heard
by a State court.
The proceedings were started by a
Philadelphia trust company which holds
bonds of the Ft. Wayne and Northern
Indiana Traction company, whose ino
tornien and conductors are striking to
enforce their right to organize. The
street car company also conducts a light
ing plant in competition with the Ft.
Wayne municipal lighting plant. To
show their sympathy for the strikers,
citizens who had formerly patronized
the company's plant, began patronizing
the municipal plant, and the eastern trust
company asked Judge Anderson to issue
an injunction against .Mayor Ilosey and
other Ft. Wayne officials, who were
charged with conspiring to injure the
business of the company and make pay
ment on bonds impossible.
Judge Anderson has dismissed the
plea on the ground that the street car
company, which was not made a party
to the suit, was both a necessary and
proper party to the bill of complaint.
This means that the case, if it is tried
again, must he heard in a State court.
.Mayor llosev charges that the injunc
tion proceedings was an attempt to put
the municipal lighting plant out of bus
iness. I le said :
"We have had nothing to do with the
real cause, the street car strike, further
than to make an appeal to the company
Recently th" company asked the mayor
to appoint special police to protect its
property and strikebreakers from "pos
sible" violence. The city ollicial answer
ed that as the company had refused to
arbitrate and thereby protect the public,
he did not favor using the public's
money as requested and that the com
pany could pay for its own police serv
ice, as provided by law.
KLICCTKICAI, Mil) IS XIOXT.
Chicago. Flcctricity is changing the
city, the factory and the home, just as
radically as steam changed it, declared
Dr. Steiumetz, electrical engineer, in an
address in this city.
"Steam built up our great cities with
their congestion and slums. Flcctricity
will break them down and scatter the
population evenly over the continent, be
cause electricity can be transmitted any
where by simple transmission wires.
Steam must be used where generated,
and where there is a large labor supply,"
said Or. Steiumetz.
"With full electrical development, the
lalior supply need not be right at the
factory door. It can be moved cheaply
and quickly morning and evening. There
will be no necessity for locating near
where the power can be produced the
cheapest, as in the steam factory, lie
cause the power can be carried over the
"The factories will then go where the
laud is cheapest. Flcctricity will run
errands ill the home.
"The cost is all that is standing in
the way. Hut the high cost is due to the
limited use of the electrical motor rath
er than any natural disability. It is as
simple as an alarm clock and should
and would be as cheap if it were used
as generally. All we need is better dis-
iruiuiiou. i ue more we use tne lower
the cost per unit and
will supplant steam
just as steam once
the more electricity
and hand power,
INSISTS OX lilVINC VA(iI0.
Washington. "Three dollars a week
to a working girl is an impossible living
wage, and any industry that can't do
considerably better than that has no
right to live," declared Dr. A. J. Mc
Kelway, secretary of the national child
labor committee, in a speech last Sun
"The old superstition that women
work merely for pin money is exploded, '
he said. "Many women have to work,
and of them niavbe some have to sup
port a family. There is no reason, then,
that they should be denied a living
wage, for if they are so denied they arc
thrown on their parents, the community
or the charities for support.
"The lesson should he inculcated into
the employing class that no industry is
lit to survive that does not pay a living
AX OKKHKVIXU IOWA ICIMTOIt.
Des Moines, Iowa. Discussing the
burning of workers in New York fire
traps, the editor of the Kegister and
Leader says :
"It would he too great an imposition
upon the owners of mills and factories
to compel them to s-ifeguard the lives
of wurkers. Property before lives is the
accepted doctrine, and imt in New York
ah Mie "
COAL AND GAS RANGES
All kinds of Sheet Metal "Work
Roofing and Spouting
1207 Main Street, Phone, Canal 21
Try it-buy it all way
1 Large Hall
Formerly occupied by the
1 Small Hall
BOTH FOR MEETINGS
Several Offices and
S. W. CORNER
TWELFTH and WALNUT
His First "Invention."
Kdison's taste for invention began
when he was ipiite a little boy, although
the first time he attempted to be original
he was a failure.
One day, when he was about five years
old, his parents missed him for quite
a long time. After a prolonged and
fruitless search all over the house his
elder sister happened to go into the fowl
house, where she discovered the missing
boy sitting on the floor, his clothes
smothered in broken eggs.
"What on earth are you doing there,
Tom?" she asked in astonishment.
"Well," replied the youthful genius
gravely, "I thought if the. hens would
hatch eggs by sitting on them so could
Dust is everywhere, but the worst
kind of dust is that which is conduce'
within the four walls of a room. The
(lust is always germ laden, because it is
infested with effete natter thrown off
by human bodies.
''lie Old Moss Itoom.
Alvin Adams when the express busi
ness was in its infancy had an officii
and two horses in New York city. One
of these horses was a fine, fast animal
and the other an old, broken down nag.
Packages that were to be delivered im
mediately he sent out behind the fast
horse. Of goods that didn't have to he
rushed he would say, "Leave them for
the old boss." In every express office
to this day there is an "old boss" room,
where undelivered and unclaimed pack
ages are kept. Argonaut.
Ancient Trade Unions.
Seven thousand years ago there were
trade unions in Nineveh and liabylou,
and so strict were their rules that in
some cases the penalty of death was in
flicted for infringing them. Kach man's
work was strictly defined, and even the
number of hours that he was allowed to
work was stated in the charter of his
guild or union. Later exactly the same
state of affairs existed in Pompeii, and
inscriptions have been discovered stat
ing specific appointments of officials to
Through the busy Glasgow streets a
stalwart policeman led a little child by
A motherly looking woman paused be
fore them for a moment. Then, in a
sudden burst of sympathy, she bent over
the child and kissed her.
"Puir wee lamb!" she breathed soft
lv. "She looks sae cauld and starved
like, and she hisnae been weshed fur a
week. Some folks canna be trusted wi'
bairns, wicked, cruel things they arc.
Whaur did ye fin' the wean, polisman?"
"Find the wean, wuinan?" snorted the
policeman angrily. "I didna find her at
a' She's ma am bairn !" Dundee Advertiser.
PHONE CANAL 1262
Cafe and Restaurant
McHUOH & HOCK
Successors to Edtv. L. Stophany
S. W. COR. TWELFTH AND WALNUT STS.
M. I BOLD
THE EIGHT -HOUR
Is owned and operated by Cincinnati peo
ple. All its brands are made bv members
of Tobacco Workers Local No. 25.
It Is the only Tobacco Company
in the United States which has
adopted tiie eight-hour d ay.
8 -HOUR UNION SCRAP
ALL DAY SCRAP
HOME RUN SCRAP
Reliance Phone, Weil 22S2-R
Wm. Glandorf Moving and Storage Co. I
FIRST CLASS STORAGE
FURNITURE PACKED TOR SHIPPING
833-18.104.22.168-830 Hopkins St.
Telephone, V. fi()! CINCINNATI, O.
WII1TK CROSS AMIHJLAXOK
Prompt and tfficlent servlre for ln (ran porta
linn of patients to and from hiimei. hospital, or
the It. K. station. Careful attention, diking
like ll In town, fngprcllon Invited. .
JOHN J.' GILLIGAN,
Eighth, Near Broadway,
Phones: Canal 1802 and 1803. Norlli 1137
DR. E. H. HAGERMAN
307 Provident BanK Bldg.
Phone Canal 1S2
Office Hours: 10 A. M. to 2 P. M., and also by appointment
1065 Central Ave.
Phone, West 3654-R
2..10 p. Ml. to 8..M) p. ill. 8 n. 111. to 10 u. 111.
The Busiest Place in The City
Restaurant and Billiard Hall
9 W. 5th St. GUS DOLL, MKr.
The HUB CAFE
42 E. FIFTH ST.
CINCINNATI - - OHIO
Bourbon or Rye Whiskey
8 YEARS OLO
$1.00 Full Quart
508-10 MAIN ST.
J. H. FIELMAN
Dealer in Pasteurized
MILK and CREAM
High Grade Sweet Butter and Ergs
2519 Vine St. Phone, Avon 3116
Phone, tlm 49S Moeiliin'i Draught Beer Meals lo Order
CAFE AND GARDEN
Harry C Ranlings, Edw. L Slephany, illgr.
Comer Madison and Taylor Avei. OAKLEY
Canal V. 1078
HENRY BEHRINGER & SON
TAILORS and CLOTHIERS
S. E. Cor. John and OlUerSts.
Meals to Order