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THE LABOR ADVOCATE
Cheap" Labor Wastes Human Life
If You Want Things That Are of Value of Service
You Must Pay What They Are Worth.
Hy IMIKSIDKNT COMI'KKS, In
Low wages arc in conflict with the
principles of industrial statesmanship.
Statesmanship has concern for future
growth and opportunity it disting
uishes between the ephemeral and the
permanent, and takes into account rela
tive values. Some industrial practices
may be cheap from the standpoint of
immediate money costs, but extrava
gant from the standpoint of long-time
costs and from the costs calculated in
human producing ability and national
There has been no force that has so
insistently demanded and sought to es
tablish ideals of industrial statesman
ship as the trade union movement and
economic statesmanship is the founda
tion for all national well-being and pro
gress. Repeatedly, trade uiotiisls have called
attention to conditions that constitute
a national menace. For many years
the Central Federated Union of Greater
New York and vicinity has urged the
city council that cheap labor does not
necessarily or usually mean low cost of
production. The Central Federated
Union has urged as of vital concern the
conservation of human life and the em
ployment of efficient workmen and em
ployes competent to perform their
work in the best way. Their frequent
warnings have been recently justified
with most appalling force.
Without warning, several blocks of
Broadway, underneath which the ex
cavations in the new subway were in
progress, caved in. The subway was
being constructed in accord with ideals
of "economy." The men who were do
ing the excavation, the "muckers" as
they are called, were digging and delv
ing in the mud for $l.,-,d a day. Another
"economy" device was the absence of
an engineer to oversee the work of
construction. When the danger was
imminent, there was no one who knew
and no one who could give warning.
Whatever was the cause of the cave-in,
(he total absence of precaution against
such a disaster or to insure the safe
construction of the work upon which
the safety of the lives of so many pas
sengers will depend, was in harmony
with the policy of cheap labor. Hut
cheap labor is in accord with false no
PAINTERS HOPE TO END
John M. I'inan, first general vice
president of the Painters' International
Union, arrived in the city last evening,
coming here on the call of the local
unions that are trying out their re
sources with the Kuiploycrs' Associa
tion in the lockout which is on.
The fact that the fight has raged for
full five weeks without any sign of fin
ish is the reason for Mr. Fiuau's being
called in. It was he who settled the
trouble between the Cincinnati painters
and their employers two years ago,
and it is believed he can do it again.
Officers of the union deny that there
is any trouble with the sign writers or
other allied workers, who are required
to give y," per cent of their daily wages
for the .support of the men who arc
locked out. It is said there arc not
more than U'.'.O of the latter who have
to Jic maintained, and that there are
1,3(10 others who are working regularly,
and as their wages nin from $1 to $: a
day they are reported to have no
i rouble in standing the contribution to
the lockout fund.
Mr. Finau is to begin at once calling
'ii the different employers to see oil
what terms tlu-ir differences with the
union workers may be ended. It all
turns on the refusal ,,( the painters to
work with non-union glaieis
"SINEWS OF WAR"
Invitation (or the labor unions to take
their share in the 'afcyt first" move
ment was extended to them from the
Chamber of Commerce through tlie
Central Labor Council at its meeting
last evening. The council was asked to
name a committee to serve with the
general committee. The subject was
relerrcu for consideration.
General Organizer Corley of the
striking Machinists' Union, in a renori
on the condition of the strike, said the
strikers had matters in a tighter grip
than ever, and arc bent on fighting out
to the end for the eight-hour day de
mand. He stated that the hoot and shoe
workers, garment workers and wood
workers and others were furnishing the
sinews by weekly contributions.
Mr. Klackman, the government con
ciliator, thus far has been unable to find
any basis on which to suggest arrange
ments for peace
tions of cost. It is that ideal of cheat)
iicss that has no regard for permanence,
for conserving productive power and
(or estimating properly the value of the
creative genius that directs and con
trols the muscles and the motions of
It was a significant coincidence that
at the time of the "accident." the in
terests hostile to the welfare of the
workers, who constitute the great ma
jority ol Hie nation, were seeking to
have declared unconstitutional a law
intended to raise the standards of work
manship and manhood of those em
ployed upon the public works of New
The labor movement has steadfastly
insisted that that which is of transcend
ent importance to any nation is the pro
tection and the development of its peo
ple. A nation will stand or fall as the citi
zenship develops or deteriorates.
The material things of civilization are
intended for the service of human be
ings. All power and policies of protection
ought to be in accord with the ideals
which protect the human at any sacri
fice. To employ cheap labor for munici
pal construction at the rate of $!.,'.() per
day is too high a cost to be tolerated by
any community. That saving of pub
lie moneys means an expenditure of un
paid human productive power. It
means uiider-nourislimenl, poor cloth
ing, poor homes, lack of the things that
are essential for best social intercourse,
not only for the individuals employed,
but of all those dependent upon them.
It means destruction and thwarting of
human power that might develop into
valuable useful citizens. It is a bru
tal waste of human life in the effort to
save a few dollars.
It is high time that our municipalities,
our States and our national government
should set all employers of human labor
an example of proper policies of con
servation and a real understanding of
what constitutes low cost of production.
We can no longer tolerate cheap
standards, cheap wages, "cheap work
ers," unless we create a cheap people
a cheap nation. If we want things that
are of value of service we must pay
what they are worth. Pm:sni:Nr Gomi--ihs,
in American Fcdcratiouist.
TO .MAKIC TltlAI, SI'I.V.
Chicago. Announcement was made
that the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul
Uailway Company will have its electric
locomotives make their trial spin over the
I III miles of track between Three Forks
and Deer Lodge, Mont., on December S
and ti. After the first of the year it is
expected that from I larlowton, Mont.,
to Avery, Idaho, steam will have no
place on the road.
A Fine Example
For a Father To Set
He Don't Want a Teacher At All Either Married or
Single. Any Woman Who Would Accept Invitations
From Strange Men to Dine, Is Unfit to Teach
Is one of the duties of the women
school teachers in the public schools to
accept dinner invitations from men?
Matthew Uichlcr, of the Ryan Soap
Company, thinks it is. Uichter's little
boy attends the Fairmouut school. A
few days ago the boy took a note from
his father to the teacher, which was an
invitation to dine with him at his farm
at Ml. Healthy.
On the following day Richter was
called to the telephone and discovered
that the teacher was married anil her
husband was at the other end of the
What the teacher's husband said is
Richter took his pen in hand and ad
dressed a letter to one of the members
of the School Hoard, lie complained ol
the fact that married women were em
ployed as teachers, and said if they hud
not been he would not have been sub
jected to an affront. '
Richter was asked over' the telephone
I'ltlXTHKS SKiX AUKKUMKXT.
Jersey City, X. J. Commercial print
ing houses have accepted the new wage
scale of Typographical union. A three
years' agreement has been signed. The
rates are now $yB a week for hand men
and $27 for machine operators. The
union is negotiating a newspaper scale.
ANTI-ALIEN LABOR LAW
Washington. The United States Su
preme Court has held that a State has
the right to pass a law prohibiting the
employment of aliens on public works.
The decision was made in the case of
the New York Anti-Alien Labor Law,
under which it was made compulsory
to employ only citizens in the construc
tion of public works.
The case was appealed by a New York
Subway contractor, who was found
guilty in the New York State Courts of
violating this law. In upholding the
act, the New York State Court of Ap
peals said :
"The moneys of the State belong to
the peoples of the State. They do not
belong to aliens. The State, through its
legislators, has given notice to its agents
in building public works it wishes its
own money to be paid to its own citi
zens, and, if not to them, at least to
citizens of the United States. Those
who are not citizens are not members
of the State. The power of a State to
discriminate between citizens and aliens
in the distribution of its resources is
sanctioned alike by decisions of the
courts and by long practice. Neither
aliens nor the citizens of other States
are invested by the Constitution with
any interest in the common property of
the people of this State. The common
property of the State belongs to the
people of the State, and in the distribu
tion of that property the people may be
preferred. To better the condition of
its own citizens, and it may be to pre
vent pauperization among them, the Leg
islature of the Slate has decided that
the money of the State shall go to the
people of the State. Equal protection
does not mean that those who have no
interest in the common property of the
State must share in that property on
the same terms as those who have an
This common sense declaration was
appealed by the contractors to the
United Slates Supreme Court, which
now supports the New York judiciary,
and declares that the State, as guard
ian and trustee of the people's money,
has the right to prescribe conditions
under which this money shall he ex
pended. In answer to the claim that
the law violates treaty rights between
the United States and Italy, the court
"The equality of rights that the treaty
secures is equality only in respect of pro
tection and security for persons and
Albany, X. Y The Anti-Alien Labor
Law, which has been held constitutional
by the United States Supreme Court, is
not in effect in this State today. After
the State Court of Appeals upheld the
law, last February, the Legislature
amended the law, which now permits
aliens to be employed on public works
when citizens arc not available. Sub
way contractors in Xew York City de
clared they could not flush this work if
the amendment was not passed.
The effect of this cheap labor is shown
in the subway cave-in, last September,
when seven persons were killed and over
one hundred injured,
last evening for his version of the af
fair, lie acknowledged he had sent
the invitation to the teacher to dine
with him at his farm at Mt. Healthy.
"Did you have any asquaintance with
the lady?" he was asked.
"I knew she was my boy's teacher."
"Did she accept the invitation?"
"No, she did not, and 1 did not know
she was married. If a woman is a
school teacher, however, she should
perform the duties of one."
"Do you think one of those functions
is to accept dinner invitations from
"I certainly do. If the School Hoard
had not employed married women I
would not have been subjected to the
affront I was by her husband."
Richter was recently divorced and is
well known about the city. It is be
lieved the matter will be brought of
ficially to the attention of the School
Hoard at its next meeting.
iioitsiosiioi'.us' coon uiccoitn.
Jersey City, N. J. In an address to
the Central Labor Union, Organizer
lloulauter of the International llorse
shocrs' union stated that their new
agreement has been signed and that of
the 7'2 shops in Hudson county but 12
K . mMB
5 Of America rX&xr
COPYRIGHT &TBADE MARK REGISTERED
THIS IS OUR LABEL.
BUY IT FROM YOUR FRIENDS
THE QUEEN CITY COAL CO.
PRIVATE KXCIIANGE WEST 2820
DEATHS IN MINES REDUCED
Washington. "While deaths in mines
have been reduced, the percentage is
still too hig," says Director .Manning of
the United States llurcau of .Mines, in
a report just issued. The figures for
llll I show that IS 8 less men were killed
than in the year !!)i:i. The total number
of men killed in all coal mines, metal
mines and quarries in J'.IU was :i,10:i.
In the year J!)i:i the number was II.OJl.
"These totals do not tell the whole
story," said the director. "There were
more than a million men employed in
these mines and quarries, and the death
rate for the year J'Jll was :i.lii for each
1,0(1(1 men employed, as compared with
II.IU for the year HUH. In other words,
in nearly every mining camp of any size
in the country there is one miner
spared to his family who would have
been killed had the same fatality rate
obtained in I'.il I as in the previous year.
"These results are an eloquent tribute
to the unceasing nation-wide campaign
which is being carried cm in behalf of
the miners by the operators, the miners
themselves, the State Mine Inspectors
ami the llurcau of .Mines.
"I think it is to the credit of Amer
ican manhood and American ideals, that
while the European nations at war are
issuing their terrible casualty lists with
the names of kilted and wounded by
the thousands, we have so many agencies
striving not to kill, but to save life, and
that we can issue lists showing a dwind
ling, decreasing death rate in our Amer
ican mines. I do not mean by this that
we have in any way reached ideal con
ditions. .More than three men killed
out of every I, (ICO employed in the mines
is too big a percentage of deaths. It
includes much more than the natural
hazards of the industry. What we are
striving for is to get the rate down to
that point, and with the loyal assistance
we are receiving from so many sources
we expect to accomplish that much."
Working From a .Model.
"The stage manager says that 1 must
assume an expression of haughty scorn
more eloquent than words," said the
actor. "I wonder how I'm going to get
"Come with me to dinner. We'll re
fuse to give the waiter a tip, and then
we'll watch his face. Washington Star.
messing ol' tin Hay.
So far as known the first vessel built
in this country was the Iilessing of the
Hay. In Wiuthrop's Journal, under date
of July I, l(:il, appears the quaint an
nouncement, "The governor (Wiu
throp) built a bark at Mastick, which
was launched this day and called the
Iilessing of the May." Argonaut.
So to Speak.
"How's that young man I see calling
on you lately?"
"lie's a pill, but he brings me lots of
"Trying to sugar coat himself, as it
were." Louisville Courier Journal.
Saved the Scent'.
Once in the third climax of a play,
the elder Sothern's pistol missed fire in
his hand. At that critical moment, how
ever, the great actor's presence of mind
did not desert him.
"Hang!" he shouted, at the top of his
And the villain immediately fell dead.
IN CHOOSING WHAT YOU
Ask for this Label when
purchasing Beer, Ale
As a guarantee that it is
SAFETY AT SEA SUSTAINED
San Francisco. Practically every hu
man act is grist to the trade unionists'
mill in pleading the workers' cause.
This is illustrated by Editor Schar
renberg of the Coast Seamen's Journal,
who uses a decision of Secretary of
State Lansing to support the seamen's
The Federal premier, in his effort to
establish safety at sea, in these war
times, has declared that the placing of
American citizens in small boats on the
high seas is not regarded as according
them a "place of safety" within the
meaning of the term as used in inter
The alert sailor man, who edits the
Seamen's Journal, makes this strong
point to justify the seamen's law :
"If an open boat docs not constitute
a place of safety, what shall we say of
a nation which permits its ships to go
to sea on the longest possible voyages
with only sufficient lifeboats to take 75
per cent of those on board? And what
shall we say when ships arc permitted to
go to sea in the coastwise trade and for
traffic on the great lakes with so few
lifeboats and rafts that from HO to CO
per cent of those on board will be with
out either in case of accident?
"After all, it docs not matter what we
might say about such a policy. The fact
remains that the 'unreasonable' safety
requirements in the La Toilette seamen's
act only call for lifeboats to accommo
date 'i per cent of those abroad a vessel
in the offshore trade ; and the same
'pernicious' law requires lifeboat accom
modation for a much smaller number
( in some instances as low as "0 per
cent) if the vessel is engaged in the
coastwise trade or in navigation on the
"Secretary Lansing's definition of a
'place of safety' ought to be helpful in
strengthening the safety features in the
seamen's law. 1 f a seat in a lifeboat is
not a place of safety, it is surely im
measurably safer than standing room on
"'Moats for all,' is still an eminently
proper and reasonable demand."
To it Dot'toi'.
During the week after Columbia uni
versity had given Walter Damrosch the
degree of musical doctor, the noted con
ductor received a note from Alexander
Lambert, in which the piano pedagogue
"I am so glad you are a 'doctor of
music' Xow, when I am sick of music
I shall know where to go."
Anything to Suit.
Hinks I'm in a deuce of a hole, Mike.
Could you lend me $1 to help me out?
Dinks Sure! Will that be enough?
Iiiuks Oh. make it $H if you can. I
can aisy make the hole a bit bigger.
Xew York Globe.
Despite I'tiri' Food Ijiiw.s.
She That's all very pretty, Jack, but
do you think we can live on love and
lie It's much the safest everything
else is cither adulterated or poisoned or
painted. St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
.Mars in the Kilclien.
"My husband says he would rather
fight than eat. Proves it too."
"As to how?"
"He always spends the meal hour
scrapping with the cook." Louisville