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title: 'The labor advocate. (Cincinnati, Ohio) 1912-1937, December 11, 1915, Page 6, Image 6',
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THE LABOR ADVOCATE
Arbitration By Force
No Matter How a New Union May Have Been Faked,
Registration Gives The Fraudulent Bantling a Legal
Wellington, N'cw Zealand. l!y read
ing into tlie compulsory arbitration act
a meaning never intended, the Court of
Arbitration lias made it possible for the
shipping interests to victimize members
of the Greyinouth Wharf Laborers'
This organization is registered accord
ing to law, and was working under a
court award that established wages and
working conditions, and which was ac
cepted by both themselves and employ
ers. Later the union struck In sym
pathy with Wellington water side work
ers. This act was illegal, and after a
few weeks the union declared the strike
off, and so notified their employers. In
the meantime the shipping companies
had gathered together a handful of so
called "loyal" employes, formed them
into a "union," hastily secured govern
ment registration, or recognition, and
then began a policy of victimization
against members of the bona fide Wharf
I-aborcrs' Union. The latter appealed to
the government to stop this blacklisting,
but without snece-s, and the unionists
were finally compelled to start proceed
ings themselves in the Court of Arbitra
tion. They took the position, that even
though a breach of the award had been
committed, this did not annul the award.
In support of this they ipioteil Section
!I0 of the Arbitration Act, which pro
vides that an awanl shall lie in force
until a new one is agreed to or until the
registration of a union is cancelled.
The court, however, ignored this plain
Was Doulili'-Ciosscil Ity Lnlior l,cml
!, .Miii'slinll Suys.
ew York. United States Attorney
Snowdcn Marshall declared that b'raiu
von Kinteleii, Ormati agent, who is ac
cused of having come to this country
to incite strikes in munition factories,
armed with a large corruption fund, was
"double-crossed" by the labor men he
tried to corrupt and, despite the expen
diture of several hundred thousand dol
lars, failed to accomplish his mission in
any effective maimer. Marshall lays the
major credit for Kintolcn's failure to
the stand taken b high officials in labor
STIMKI-: IXCKHASKK W'ACKS.
I-owell, Mass. An annual increase of
about $11111,01111 is recommended by the
State Hoard of Conciliation and Arbi
tration iu wages of cartridge workers
employed by the United States Cartridge
Company. These employes struck re
cently, and returned to work after the
company agreed to accept the Slate
Hoard as arbiters. About 0,00(1 workers
are affected, and the average increase is
approximately Id per cent. The decision
dates from September UK, last, which
means there is upwards of $."iI),iiihi now
due the workers for back pay.
filltl.S WW XT SIIUItTKIt HOI'ltS.
Xew York. Shorter hours, recogni
tion of their union and sanitary work
rooms are demanded by the White
Goods Workers' Union, which has called
several strikes in unorganized shops.
These girls are endcavoiing to have un
organized shops join an association of
manufacturers that represent this indus
try and which has a working agreement
with the union.
"IvIMVATIXtJ" THI'I I'KOI'liK.
Coaldale. I'a. Anthracite coal opera
tors arc not overlooking the necessity
for publicity and "education" in negoti
ating the next miners' wage scale.
The Toilers' Defense, official news
paper of United Mine Workers' District
'o; ", prints the following:
"The news writers which were taken
through the anthracite in a special train
anil wined ami dined by the operators
will soon send out their dope stories. It
is not possible that this stulT will have
the effect that the operators contem
plate. News gathered and written by
the writers will be iu the interest of the
corporations. The men made a careful
investigation of mining conditions in
swift automobiles, and toured the an
thracite in less than three days. Photo
graphs of good conditions of houses
were taken, and the bad conditions
passed up. The men did not enter the
mines at all, but it is presumed that they
will accept the word of the operators
as to the conditions inside "
,, . . .
Dirrtht inn w.uua ijciitfrrt.
Telephone Canal 18G&
wording of the law and supported the
shipping interests in their claim that a
strike, no matter how short, automati
cally ends an award. Armed with this
decision, the employers are now driving
off the wharves every worker who dared
to violate the law and cease work to
"If a strike puts an end to an award,"
says the Maoriand Worker, published
in this city, "it must follow that a lock
out by employers will have the same ef
fect. It must follow, from the decision
in question, that when strikes occur
hereafter, all the employers need do is
to make an arrangement with fifteen
'loyal' workers, get them to form a
union, enter into an industrial agreement
with them and proceed as if nothing had
happened, There is no need to ask for
penalties against the .strikers, inasmuch
as they can be ignored and boycotted.
"It is a notorious fact that the 'loyal'
union at Greyinouth, like those at Auck
land, lltintly and Wellington, was grant
ed registration, although the statutory
preliminaries were not complied with. It
appears, however, that it is impossible to
impeach the registration of a union when
once the certificate had been issued, al
though it is otherwise in the ease of
the fraudulent icgistration of a com
pany. Hence, once the department has
seen lit In issue a certificate, no matter
how the new 'union' may have been
faked, registration gives the fraudulent
bantling a legal status."
Philadelphia. Harry Jenkins is Sec
retary of the Class llottle lllowers' As
sociation of America, succeeding Wil
liam L-iuner, deceased. The new official
has held many positions of trust iu the
Class llottle lllowers' Union, among
them being organizer, member of the
National Kxcculivc Hoard, and Secre
tary of the Joint W'age Committee,
which meets employers to adjust wage
oit(;..i,i:; i,o(!ii:i) opt.
Pittsburgh, Pa. laborers employed
by the Union Steel Casting Company
have been locked out because they re
fused to abandon their recently organ
ized union, chartered by the A. K. of L.
Organizer Lewis, together with an in
terpreter, is assisting these workers,
practically none of whom can speak
KKI'M'HKK TO AM!HIT AWAKI).
Toronto, Canada. The Canadian
Northern Uailroad, like the Toronto
I lydro-IClectric Commission, has refused
lo accept an awanl of a board appointed
under the Dominion Industrial Disputes
Act, which is intended to stop strikes
and lockouts iu public utilities.
lirothcrhood engineers and firemen
asked for the appointment of a board
lo adjust working conditions. The
award did no fulfill the demands of
these workers, but they accepted it. The
company has rejected the decision, and
now the two brotherhoods are arrang
ing for a strike vote.
XO IIAXDS; TOTAIi IMSAItlMTY.
Albany, X, Y. A decision by the
State Court of Appeals was necessary
to convince an employer at Conifer, this
State, that when an employe lost both
hands that that constituted total dis
ability within the meaning of the Work
men's Compensation 1-iw.
TltVIXC TO AO.M'ST STItlKi:.
Columbus, 1hio. William Hlaekinan,
representing the United States Depart
ment of Labor, is attempting to adjust
the machinists' strike at the Dunlap and
Modern Tool, Die and Machine Com
pany's plants. These workers are ask
ing for a reduction of working hours.
TO ltKIL'(!l: Kilt 1-2 IIAAKI).
New York. The Central I-'ederatcd
Union has elected a representative to
the "joint committee on industrial ha
zards," which is iu process of formation
to bring together various bodies, civic
and labor, interested iu the enforcement
of fire laws, iu the strengthening of
these laws and in arousing an effective
public demand for making factories
l-2XOUf;il WOHKKKS IX ZOXI-2.
Washington. On statements issued
by Governor Goethals of the Panama
zone, the war department announces
there are sufficient workers on the canal.
There have been an influx of unemploy
ed to the isthmus because of the recent
IXDIC'T l-2AKTIiAXI OFFICIALS.
Chicago. The federal grand jury has
returned three new indictments against
the eight defendants previously indicted
on charges of responsibility for the
Eastland disaster. In the list is includ
ed two federal steamboat inspectors,
officers of the company and the engineer
and captain of the Eastland.
The new indictments charge man
slaughter, ' as did the previous true
bills, with a new theory of prosecu
tion added. In addition lo the man
slaughter charge under section B82 of
the criminal code the defendants are
charged with conspiracy to violate the
They are also charged with violating
section l of the act of congress of
18118, which prohibits owners, agents,
charterers, and navigating officers from
sending unseaworthy ships lo sea. The
government holds that the Eastland
was unseaworthv on the moriiini? of
July m when it tipped over iu the Chi
cago river and carried 8 IS passengers
WAXT COXSTITUTIOX OIIAXf.Kli.
Nashville, Tenii. In announcing the
annual convention of the Tennessee
State federation of labor, lo be liclil in
Jackson, beginning January II, officers
call attention to the coming election,
which will decide whether the people
of this State favor calling a State con
Tins is the first real opportunity we
have had to place ourselves in a nosi-
tion lo get substantial relief," say these
I,.,;,,,,;, i. "rr r..:i ... . .,
""';"'"" ii t i .1 1 1 in gei a consti
tution that is progressive we have lost
our labors of eighteen years; on the
other hand, if we grasp the opportunity
and handle it intelligently the benefits
cannot be estimated."
(aa'Altl) A.MKItM'AX IIHOAIiS.
'fhe recent A. V. of L. Convention at
San I'Yaucisco made this declaration in
support of its advocacy of a literacy
test for immigrants :
"The American labor movement is not
devoted iu any of its manifestations or
activities to any proposition having for
its purpose the closing of the gates of
opportunity to any man or woman, no
matter what race or color, but iu justice
to the men and women of America, who
have developed by their industry and
through their thrift, who have created
from their intelligence and fostered by
their genius institutions that properly
should conserve the highest and dearest
rights of manhood while securing a
standard of living that is higher and
productive of better results than any
other known iu the world's history, can
mil complacently view, or quietly .sub
mit to the operation of any inlluence or
the existence of any means, the contin
uance of which would inevitably break
down and eventually destroy the condi
tions of social life iu America. We de
mand that those aliens, no matter from
whence they come, be such as are prop
erly qualified to participate in the re
sponsibilities as well as the privileges of
"So far as the literacy lest is con
cerned, the American federation of La
bor is irrevocably pledged to that pro
posed means for preventing the bring
ing into this country of unfit immigrants.
It is the least of all the qualifications
that might reasonably be required."
IHtOO.M .MAKI2KK AltK ACTIVI2.
Chicago. Secretary-Treasurer Hoyer,
of the International It room and Whisk
Makers' Union, reports splendid success
in an Eastern organizing campaign, lk
says the mouth of November shows
larger membership increases than any
one month iu the history of that union.
In Pittsburgh signed agreements with
every manufacturer have been secured.
An aggressive local has been organized
iu lialtimore, and the local at Philadel
phia has been reorganized.
Kltl-21-3 IC.MI'LOV.MICXT Itl'ltKAl'.
Chicago. An increase of III per cent
in the number of places found for un
employed in October, I'.M.i, as compared
with the same mouth a year ago, is the
record of the Illinois free employment
officers, according to General Superin
DI-2TUOIT MOIJH-2KS STKIKI-2.
Detroit, Mich. Iron molders arc on
strike to enforce a minimum of $4 for
a nine-hour day. It is claimed that
wages in some shops range as low as
COAL AND GAS RANGES
All kinds of Sheet Metal Work
Roofing- and Spouting
1207 Main Street, Phone, Canal 21
Union Distilling Company
1 Large Hall
Formerly occupied by the
1 Small Hall
BOTH FOR MEETINGS
Several Offices and
S. W. CORNER
TWELFTH and WALNUT
AVOX'T HIOI'IOAij AXTI-UXIOX
Chicago. liy a vote of 11 to 7 the
Hoard of l-lducatioii has refused lo re
peal its anti-union order. I '"or the first
time iu over a year the majority en
forced a rule that no member of the
board should talk more than live min
utes, but friends of the teachers defeated
this attempt to close debate by giving
their allotted time to one member, Max
l.oeb, who led the fight for the right of
teachers to organize, lie said:
"There can be little doubt that this
rule is directed against the Chicago
Teachers' Federation. I would like to
give you some facts concerning the
federation. It has M.Kll members iu
good standing. Of these, l,."i()l are ac
tive and I.OIKI are associate. 1 have
the word of a certified public account
ant that this is true. Salaries paid to
two officials are $1,1 l!l and $l,:i:i(i."
"There is an absence of specific in
stances of pernicious activities. 1 was
over in the federation offices five hours,
going over the books. If the organiza
tion is unwise, we have enough inllu
ence with the teachers to start an in
ternal revolt, but we have no right to
say they shall not belong to it."
The anti-union order was adopted by
the Hoard of Education on September
1 of this year. Judge O'Connor re
strained the board from enforcing the
order, and the matter is still pending iu
SOCIAL LAWS TO IXCICKASH.
Washington, "Health insurance for
employes will be the livest issue in social
legislation in this country during the
next live years," declared Dr. Henry J.
Harris, of the Library of Congress, in
an interview iu a local newspaper. 1 le
said careful statisticians estimated that
there were :!,)()(),()(( persons sick iu the
United States in any one year, and that
each wage earner was estimated to lose,
on an average, nine days a year on ac
count of sickness, and that if $2 a day
was taken as the average wage, the
wage loss from sickness annually totals
"Iu five years," said Dr. Harris, "no
less than twenty-seven States have en
acted laws that provide pensions for
widows, and iu live years thirty-one
States have enacted laws to compensate
workmen injured at work. When the
movement for health insurance is uni
versal, it is probable that it will meet
with no less phenomenal success,"
KKAXCI'3 WANTS XICKKLS.
Philadelphia, Pa. The superintendent
of the Philadelphia mint has been asked
by the Washington authorities whether
it can produce i!,000,000 nickel discs
each week for the French government.
It is understood that the discs are to
be stamped in France after delivery
The question of neutrality is involved.
Meals io Order Moerlein's Beer
PHONE CANAL 1262
Cafe and Restaurant
McHUOH & HOCK
Successors to Ed w. L. Stophany
S. W. CUR. TWELFTH AND WALNUT STS.
THE EIGHT -HOUR
Is owned and operated by Cincinnati peo
pie. All its brands are made by members
of Tobacco Workers Local No. 25.
It Is the only Tobacco Company
in the United States which has
adopted the debt-hour d ay.
8 -HOUR UNION SCRAP
ALL DAY SCRAP
HOME RUN SCRAP
Residence Phone, Weit 225Z-R
Wm. Glandorf Moving and Storage Co.
FIRST CLASS STORAGE
FURNITURE PACKED FOR SHIPPING
833-835-837-839 Hopkins St.
Telephone, V. 609 CINCINNATI, O.
wiiiTK citoss amhuj.,axon
Prompt and efficient ervlce forth tnaaporta
tlon of patlenti to and from Hornet, ftoapltali, or
the R. R. atatlon. Careful attention. Nothing
like It In tonn. Inspection In filed.
JOHN J. GILLIGAN,
Eighth, Near Broadway.
i Phones: Canal 1802 and 1803. North 1137
DR. . H. HAGERMAN
307 Provident Bank Bldg.
Phone Cmial 152
Office Hours: 10 A. M. lo 2 P. M., and also by appointment
1065 Central Ave.
Phone, West 3054-H
2.30 p. m. to 8.30 p. m. 8 a.m. to 10 m. m.
The Busiest Place in The City
Restaurant and Billiard Hall
9 W. 5th St. GUS DOLL. Mer.
The HUB CAFE
42 E. FIFTH ST.
CINCINNATI - - OHIO
Bourbon or Rye Whiskey
S YEARS OLD
$1.00 Full Quart
508-10 MAIN ST.
J. H. FIELMAN
Dealer iu Pasteurized
MILK and CREAM
Hifh Grade Sweet Butter and Effl
2519 Vine St. Phone, Avon 3116
Phone, Elm 498 Moerlemi Draught Beer Meali lo Order
CAFE AND GARDEN
Harry C. Rawhngi, EdV L Slephanr, Mgr.
Corner Madiion and Taylor Avei. OAKLEY
Canal V. 1078
HENRY BEHRINGER & SON
TAILORS and CLOTHIERS
S. 13. Cor. John and Oliver Sts.