Newspaper Page Text
THE LABOR ADVOCATE
Preparedness Sam Gompers
Declares For a Policy
Based on Equal Opportunity For Leadership, Equal
Educational Advantages and Prohibition of the Use
of Militia for Strike Duty.
- Washington, D. C, Jan. 18. Samuel
Gompers appeared before the National
Civic Federation in its session here to
day. Democracy in whatever preparedness
policy is adopted was urged as a prime
necessity by Samuel Gompers, President
of the American Federation of Labor,
who declared labor would support a pol
icy based upon equal opportunity for
leadership, equal educational advantages
and prohibition of the use of the militia
for strike duty.
Former Governor O'Neal of Alabama,
urged that it was America's supreme
duty "to make our navy not only second
in rank but superior to that of any pow
er with whom our interests may con
flict." The present war, he said, had brutally
shot to pieces "our complacent theory
that we have time enough to prepare for
war after hostilities commenced."
I'liHiin (Quotes 1 ti niii.
In his appeal for a greater navy and
more fortifications on the Pacific coast,
Senator Phelan quoted Count Okiima,
the Japanese Premier, as saying that the
colored races would show that they
were the equal nf the whites. Japanese
industrial competition in California, he
declared, would lower the standard of
living. "A condition," be added, "which
I do not think the people living in Cali
fornia would consent to, nor tolerate,
and that would bring about friction in
evitably which would lead to war."
Senator Phelan declared that a "sin
gle enemy with a stick of dynamite
could put the Panama Canal out of busi
ness." Samuel Gompers, President of the
American Federation of Labor, today
told the National Civic Federation in a
speech often interrupted by applause that
organized labor throughout the United
VOUM CIIIOCK I'lOMiACJKA.
Washington. Secretary of the Treas
ury MeAdoo has asked congress for an
immediate' appr6priiitll)ri of $ll)',u(l()- for
"studies and demonstration work" with
a view of checking pellagra and typhoid
fever. With the request is a report
from the public health service, which de
clares that improper food has been shown
to have a "profound iulluenee on health
of populations and to be directly respon
sible for the increasing prevalence of
"Increased demonstrations," the report
said, "are urgently required to prevent
pellagra from becoming a veritable
scourge in many rural communities." In
Mississippi alone there were Id,!),". I cases
and l.oai deaths from pellagra last year,
and in certain other stales it has exceed
ed tuberculosis as a cause of death. It
is estimated that there have been ap
proximately T.'i.lMin cases of pellagra
throughout the country this past year,
with more than 7,fli)(i deaths.
vooi)s.Mi:. .mi'st m(..iy,io.
Uuluth, Minn "A few weeks ago a
group of lumber barons met in a room
in a Dulutb hotel and after discussing
the labor situation in the woods at some
length resolved to agree together to re
duce the wages of the lumber jacks to
iUO a month," sas the Labor World of
"Hut the lumber barons will do noth
ing to improve the conditions of the
men employed in the woods. They will
not correct the wrongs they have im
posed on the men. They profit by their
iniquitous system of exploitation, and
occasional murmurs from discontented
individual woodsmen do not give them
'If the woodsmen were organized,
however, as they should be, there would
be a different story to tell about their
lot in the woods. When will they
awaken? The lumber barons reduced
wages by meeting and combining. The
men can raise their wages by and
through the same method. It is up to
.w.wi.vst ktati: ixsckaxci:.
Atlantic City, N. J. President llird
of the State Manufacturers' association
is opposed to a state insurance fund. He
says compensation for workmen is all
right, but the idea of the slate creating
a monopoly and driving out all private
insurance companies is not acceptable.
This idea, Mr. Uird declares, emanates
from the brain of "professional reform
ers." UAIIAVAV POSTAL CI-KUKS.
Denver, Colo. Secretary Walter, of
the Hrotherhood of Railway Postal
Clerks, reports that new locals of this
organization have been recently formed
at Albany. N. Y.; Jerse Cit. Phila
delphia and El Paso.
States favored adequate national pre
paredness under certain conditions which
he summarized as follows :
".Must Itccofiiilzc; Ixilior."
"Kccognition of and co-operation with
the organized labor movement in all
field's of activity, industrial, commercial,
political, social, moral.
"Establishment and extension of the
citizen soldiery, democratically organized,
officered, administered and controlled.
"Prohibition of the use of the militia
for strike duty.
"Education of the wage earners upon
an equality of all other citizens in manu
al training, physical and mental devel
opment in organizing, officering, admin
istrating and leading in operations of a
military character for the defense of the
"Industrial education and vocational
training as a part of the educational sys
tem of the state, with financial aid of
the Federal Government.
Would Kilucnlc Vitnlli.
"Education of the young, physical and
mental, including the art and the duty
of defense, the ability to bear arms, the
iiitiiiciuion 01 me meats 01 democracy,
civic rights, duties and obligations.
"Inculcate in all our people a social
conscience for a better concept of in
In introducing his list of conditions,
Mr. Gompers said :
"The labor movement takes the posi
tion that plans and policies for national
defense and preparedness must be in ac
cord with an educated conscience which
can discern values and is able and alert
to distinguish the vital from the less im
portant, and willing to insist upon ideals
and standards of justice, equality, ami
I'IMtIO imiTUK ACT IM'IIICU).
Washington. The United States su
preme court has upheld the 1012 amend
ment to the federal pure food and drugs
act. A Chicago concern labeled its con
coction as follows: "Effective as a pre
ventative for pneumonia." The govern
ment was sustained in its claim that this
was a fraud.
.AlKTAIi I'OUSIIIlltS UM'KIOI) OIT
Newark, N. J. Members of Metal
Polishers' union No. II have been locked
out by the Acetylene company because
they demanded shorter hours and .tfl.Tn
IIKMIIMt WAt.'KK MOAT VIIAIt.
Heaver, Pa. The Plumbers' union has
renewed its contract for .$l.."i() per day
with employers. It is agreed that next
car's rate shall be $:..
A(JI!i:iO OX CO.MI'IOXSATIOX AC
Louisville, Ky. A commission has
finally agreed on a proposed workmen's
CMinpeiisiitiou act and will submit same
t" the state legislature, now in session.
An elective system of compensation is
provided for, and employers may carry
stock-company insurance, carry their
own risk upon proof of solvency, or in
sure in a stale mutual similar to the
Massachusetts and Texas plans. The
maximum weekly benefit to be paid in
jured workers, is placed at if I a, and the
maximum for death or total disability
The last legislature passed a compen
sation act, but this was declared illegal
b Judge Dorsey on the ground that the
state constitution prohibits a limit being
placed 011 the amount of damages to be
paid in case of death. Advocates of
compensation held that this made it im
possible for any relief under the pres
ent constitution, and the court of appeals
modified Judge Dorsey's opinion.
Wheeling, W. Va. Editor Hilton of
the Wheeling Majority is not iu sym
pathy with faddists and alleged "scien
tists" who are continually figuring on the
amount of food necessary to sustain
workingmeii. Sajs the Majority man:
" 'Scientific' is sometimes only a name
for the ridiculous. One of the April fool
customs of imitation scientists is to fig
ure on what workingmeii can live on. A
scientist gits up an appetite for porter
liouse steak and mushrooms by spend
ing half a day proving that a working
man can load bricks for nine hours 011
two and a half spoonsful of mush."
I-AltOltlOltS WIX KTItlKIO.
New Castle, Pa. Laborers employed
by the Standard Steel Car company have
won their strike. Increases of II) cents
a da have been granted
HIGH DUES MEAN PROGRESS
Chicago. Under the caption "Union
Preparedness," the Union Leader, offi
cial magazine of the electric railway em
ployes of this city, says:
"One of the great drawbacks to our
unions is the lack of spirit among our
members to properly finance them. The
merchant or manufacturer who is con
ducting a growing business, ever seek
ing to expand and cover new fields,
puts more and more money into his
business tof protect what he has and
to reach out for more. It is different
with the average trade union. Wage
movements are instituted and won,
great gains are realized by the mem
bership and not a dollar of the thou
sands and millions of wage increases is
added to the union treasury to help
protect advanced conditions and to
forge ahead for something better.
"Shoestring financing of unions has
been responsible for many defeats.
The union with a good treasury, prop
erly safeguarded, is a power to be
reckoned with and is sure to bring re
sults. If we are to advance and estab
lish conditions in industry which will
guarantee the workers more of the
better things of life we must build up
our union treasuries. We must pre
pare to meet the opposition that has
to be overcome before we can make
advances, and it takes money to put
up the fight.
"A cheap people make no progress.
China is an example. A cheap union
is no different. Proper standards al
lowed for, the progress of a union can
be measured by the amount of money
its members are willing to pay into it.
The low due union gets small results,
just as the high due union gets large
results. Each is enabled to make a
light in proportion to its finances.
"When the members of the Amalga
mated association were paying fifty
cent dues they were getting all that
fifty cents would bring. Since they
have been paying dollar dues they have
made great progress, both in wage re
turn and union benefits. Some day
our members will be educated to the
necessity of two-dollar dues; then pro
gress will be greater than ever.
"All our older unions have passed
through the low due stage. They
have iearned in the school of bitter
experience that a low due organization
cannot be progressive."
men Aiios muxes iikaltii.
Washington. "Physicians are batter
ing against a brick wall in their fight
against ill health if they do not favor
high wages," said Major-Gcncra! Gorgas,
.Surgeon-General of the United States
Army, in a speech to the Convention of
the American Civic Association.
"The best work that civic and social
organizations can do now," he said, " is
to declare for beter wages, which will
lie followed immediately by better living
conditions and better health." The army
officer said one of the chief reasons why
the health problem had been solved in
the Panama Canal zone was because
there had been no cases of extreme pov
ACiAIXST "SI'IOKDINC; 1'IV
' Washington. In an address on
"speeding up' systems in industry, Dr.
jllayhurst, of the Ohio State Hoard of
I Health, declared that the benefits derived
by workers are not in proportion to the
benefits gained by employers. Another
objectional feature, he declared, was the
fact that workmen do not receive enough
increased revenue to buy food to supply
the additional energy required by the in
creased work, and that the variety of em
ployment which served as a rest was ab
sent in most so-called "scientific sys
tems." WOIIU.MKX OX HOAItOS.
Kansas City, Mo. The Kansas Cilv
Post, published by Frank P. Walsli,
agrees with President Gompers' sugges
tion to President Wilson that working
men should he placed on various Gov
"If workers were appointed," says the
Post, "they might be able to give new
insight to many problems which now are
managed in a one-sided way.
"The clash of ideas between different
interests in any body of men clothed
with power is the first step toward cur
ing and ending disagreements. There
are but few men not susceptible to the
power of truthful argument. The world
has been trying for centuries to bring
peace between widely separated factious
through a plan of each meeting by itself
and cementing its opinions all the
"A healthful brush between men of
varying opinions would result iu mutual
recognition of the rights of all concern
ed." IIK.III'.lt ;i:S h'Olt MOLDICltS.
Cleveland, O. An agreement has been
reached between machine foundry mem
bers of the Iron M aiders' union and their
employers. A one-year contract pro
vides that the present rate, $:i.S), shall
he raised to $:i.S0, for the first three
months, and that $4 a day shall be the
prevailing rate thereafter. About 1,000
emploes in over a score of shops are
OltGAXlilXO WOMKX AVOItKKRS.
Newark, N. J. Organized labor is aid
ing the International Ladies' Garment
Workers' union in its organizing cam
paign. It is estimated that 10,000 women
workers arc employed in over half a
hundred shirt waist, corset and white
goods factories in this vicinity. These
workers do not average $0 a week, out
of which they are compelled to pay two
prices for cotton thread and needles.
Employers are resorting to every petty
effort in an attempt to keep their em
ployes from agitation, meetings conduct
ed by trade unionists!
The Union Central
JESSE R. CLARK, President
I'KOGKICSS OK TUN
$429 000 000.00 insurance in force a gain of $0,000,000.00
109 300 000.00 " assets a gain of $3,00,000.00 during
63 164 545.00 "ew insurance issued (paid for) includ
' ' ing revivals, increases and additions in
111 IS an increase of $S,-):7,82!) over the
largest previous year 101-1.
83 OOO 000.00 JT'rt Mortgage Loans on the Nation's best
ww, www, www security, valued at $:I01,0()0,000.00.
iinxnnits to pomcv-iioijDKhk'ix iois.
$ 2 700 00000 '" dividends paid iu cash (to Policy
' ' Holders).
3 700 000.00 '" death claims paid in cash.
6 000 000.00 endowments, surrender values and
it '(1 ' other payments.
2 40b,00b.00"on all Policy-Holders' claims paid in cash
' during the year.
108,000,000.00 paid to Policy-Holders 1807 to 1010.
ijunuamtv to roiiicv-iiorjii:us
Continuance of Large Dividends unci Low Cost to Policy
Holders during I'.iKi assured by action of the Hoard of Directors.
7, (! Policy-Holders were Iven Free Annual Health Tost
anil .Medical Advice (luring 1JH.".
Full amount of policy will be paid in installments upon satis
factory proof of total and permanent disability of insured, for small
4.1 Interest allowed to widows or other beneficiaries during
'' 1010 on proceeds of claims left with the company until per
manent investment is found.
4,T Interest paid during 1010 to beneficiaries from date of death
' to date of payment while proofs of claim are being prepared
JOHN L. SHUFF, Manager Home Office General Agency
&5h Of America richa-"
COPmiGHT STRAPE MARK REGISTERED
THIS IS OUR LABEL
BUY IT FROM YOUR FRIENDS
THE QUEEN CITY COAL CO.
PRIVATE EXCHANGE WEST JJ820
GIVIO SUGGKSTIOXS TO M. D.'S.
Toronto, Ontario Organized waiters,
waitresses and cooks object to paying the
cost of being physically examined every
six months, and arc demanding that
their employers pay this bill. The work
ers make light of the recent order of
the medical health department, and sug
gest that if officials are really desirous
of guarding the public health, let them
investigate working conditions in hotels
THE UNION CENTRAL BUILDING
Finest Modern Offices For Rent
Capl. M. W. Mclolyre, Mgr. ofBIdg.
IN CHOOSING WHAT YOU
Ask for this Label when
purchasing Beer, Ale
As a guarantee that It is
'II I LI.