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' manrnpTinvifT fwrniirt.
THE LABOR ADVOCATE
Germany9 s Agents Under
A New Name
All the Undesirables Are Organizing Under One Head
To Try and "Chinafy" America.
New York, June 23. Projected upon
lines similar in many respects to those
of the Council of Workmen and Soldiers
in Russia and the Workmen's Council
of Leeds, England, the People's Council
of America lias met with a spontaneous
welcome from the radical, piogrcssive,
labor unionist, socialist, agrarian and re
from movement of the United States.
Under the direction of an organizi'iiK
committee with headquarters at 2 West
Thirteenth street, New York City. The
movement is taking shape m most of
the States of the Union. The first meet
ing of the Council will be held August
Mi in a city yet to he named.
In that Council will be represented
various branches of the labor movement
farmers' organizations, Socialist bodies,
branches of the Socialist Labor party,
single taxcrs, pacifists, anti-militarists,
advocates of the repeal of conscription
laws, professional men's organisations
every radical and forward looking force
in the nation. A conference of radical
unions, the Workmen's Circle, United
Hebrew Trades, Socialist and similar
organisations, will lie held in New York
June 30 and July 1, to bring about the
affiliation of hundreds of thousands of
workers with the new movement, which
is to be a clearing house, or congress,
and is not in any way to supersede any
organization now cxistihg. Arrange
ments have been made to affiliate vari
ous branches of the farmers' movement
in the Middle West. Anti-militarists ami
peace advocates of all shades arc be
coming affiliated cither directly as con
stituent members, or through the me
dium of their own organization. Moth
ers' Aiiti-IIrgh Price Leagues have
joined in bodies. So have various fed
erations for democracy. Some fifty Jo
cal councils in as many different cities
represent spontaneous developments of
the movement. These arc already in
operation or being formed. They will be
represented in the American Council
just ?s pre other affiliated bodies.
"It is now three years since the world
war began, and still the governments
have not brought peace' says the call.
"Now America has joined the conflict.
The President says, 'we arc to help
make the world safe for dcmociacy.'
PHONE, WEST 1107
VIENNA ICE CREAM GO.
J. DELrAVERO, Prop.
WHOLESALE and RETAIL
560 W. Sixth St. Cincinnati, 0.
Telephone Wett 1196
FINE SHOES Mua0men
1214 Linn Street CINCINNATI, O.
Phone Canal 4198
FRIEMAN TAILORING CO.
D. FRIEMAN, Prop.
138 Emit Court St. CINCINNATI O.
Residence, 831 Richmond St.
STRICTLY UNION TAILORING
Corryville Shoo Store
Shoes and Rubbers
Tell and Rubber Uoot, Arctics
2530 VINE STREET, Near Calhoun
Telephone North I18S-X
Wholesale and KfHil Dralrr in
Union 5io Exclusively
7J2 td 754 McMilUn Si. WALNUT HILLS
Bourbon or Rye Whisky
8 Years Old
508-10 Main Street
r 3)urr M
"Yet every day our democracy at home
is more and more imperiled.
"For the first time in history, it is
proposed to send millions of our joiuig
men to fight and die on foreign soil.
Kcry day our constitutional liberties
arc being assailed.
"Out of the disaster in Europe have
risen the people of Russia, to blaze the
way toward real democracy and sound
the trumpet call to peace. This is the
message of the Council of Workmen's
and Soldiers' delegates to the citizens n!
the allied nations:
" 'You must not allow the voice of the
Russian provisional government to re
main isolated fiom the union of the al
lied porters. You must force jour gov
ernments to proclaim resolutely the plat
form of peace without annexations or
indemnities and the right of the people
to settle their destinies.'
"What shall be our response in Amer
ica r What shall we do the hundreds
of thousands of us who cherish our
democratic liberties who long for
"Let us join toccthcr in a I'conlc's
Council of America for democracy and
pence. The Council is called in obedi
ence to resolutions unanimously adopted
by the First American Conference on
Democracy and Terms of Peace in A lay,
and endorsed by fifteen thousand nconlc
assembled in .Madison ixjuare Garden.
"You are asked to send delegates to
the first meeting which will be held on
August -1th, at a place jet to hi an
nounced. "The purpose of the People's Council,
so far as they can he determined in ad
vance of its own deliberations arc:
"1. To secure an early, democratic
anil general peace in harmony with the
principles outlined by New Russia,
a. No forcible annexations.
b. No punitive indemnities.
c. Free development for all nation
alities, "12. To urge international organiza
tion for the maintenance of world peace.
"!! To induce our government to
state concretely the terms upon which
it is willing to make peace.
"J. To work for the repeal of the
".". To safeguard labor standards.
"(i. To preserve and extend liberty
and democracy in the United States."
The following arc members of the or
ganizing committee: James J. Haglcy,
labor unionist, liiookljn, N. Y. ; Prof.
Emily G. Ilalch, Wcllcsley. College;
Prof. II. W. 1.. Dana, Columbia Univer
sity; Marv Ware Dennett, New Yoik;
Crystal Eastman, American Union
Against Militarism; Max Eastman, edi
tor of The Masses; P. Geliebtcr, icconl
ing secretary Workmen's Circle, New
York; Amy Mali Hicks, New York;
Morris llillipiit, New York; Prof. hind
ley M. Kcasbcy, University of Texas;
Fola LaFollete, New Yoik, Algernon
Lee, Rand School, New York; Dr. Ju-
dah L. Magnes, New York; Rev. How
ard McIWi, liiookljn, i. Y.; Jacob
Paukcn. New York; Mrs. llcrbcit Par;
sons, New York; A. W. Kicker, Pear
son's Weeklv Mncam'c. New Yoik;
Gilbert Roe, law) cr, New York; Winter
Russell, lavvjer, New York; lienjamin
Schlesinger, labor unionist, New York;
losenh Schlossbcrg. Amalgamated Cloth
ing Workers, New York; Joseph D.
Cannon, socialist and unionist, New
York; Edward T. Hartman, secretin y
Civic League, Itostou, Mass. ; Rev. Rich
ard W. lloguc, Baltimore, Md.; Dr.
David Stair Jordan, former Chancellor
of Stanford University, Cal.; Daniel
Kiefer, single taxcr, Cincinnati, Ohio;
Charles Ktuse, president International
Welfare Brotherhood, St. Louis, Mo.;
James II. Maurer, president Pcnnsjl
vania State Eedciatiou of Labor, Ilar
risburg, Pa.; Scott Nearing, Toledo,
Ohio ; James O'Neal, socialist, Boston,
Mass.; Western Starr, Weslovcr, Md.;
Frank Stephens, single taxcr, Arden,
Del.; Max Pine, secretary, United lie
brew Trades, New York; Eugene V.
Debs, Terrc Haute, Ind.; William 0.
Hart, lawver, New Oilcans, La.; Paul
lones, Episcopal Bishop of Utah ; Jen
kin Lloyd Jones, editor of Unity, Chi
cago, 111.; Arthur Lc Scucr, counsel
Farmers' Non-Pailisan League, St. Paul,
Minn.; Rev. Sidney Strong, Seattle,
Wash.; Irwin St. John Tucker, editor
Christian Socialist, Chicago, 111.
I ffW" 'H""r Personal Appearance Is an Asset, and It Costs
LUU1 llir 1 I Little to Look Dressed Up With the Becker Service
Men's Suits or Overcoats
Dry Cleaned and Pressed
MODERN AND RF.T'K'E'I? 623 Vine, 2210 Reading Road
INDEPENDENT CLEANER IJI-iVJVILlV Phone Canal G15
THE OHIO TRUSS COMPANY,
for SUITS AND OVERCOATS at
$25 and $30
MERCHANT TAILOR 5 West Seventh
WESTERN GERMAN BANK
TWELFTH AND VINE STREETS
Savings Department Receives Deposits of 50c and Upwards, Paying 3 Interest
MUNICIPAL BONDS A SPECIALTY
Rents Safe Deposit Boxes. S2.00 and Upwards Per Annum
The Original and Only West End Headquarters
For Union Made Goods. Lowest Prices Always
Corner Clark and Linn Streets CINCINNATI, O.
For COATS and SUITS See
A Striking Case Which Shows That "Alien Enemies"
Should Be Compelled to Perform Some Kind
of Military Service.
An actual case is prcscntd on Ccncr.il
avenue in which a native American citi
zen, who is under the age of thirty-one,
and an unnaturalized foreigner of the
Hebrew race pre separately engaged in
the same business on the same street.
Both conduct their stores personally.
Between them the competition is quite
sharp. Lately the foreigner, who in
trade has been pressed pretty hard by
the American, has been showing signs
of great relief and even of joy. The rea
son for this satisfaction on his part has
now become apparent. His American
competitor, who is registered under the
conscription law, is likely to be drafted
into the military service, because he has
no family nor has he claimed any cause
of exemption. And when he is drafted
he will have to close his store, and his
business will naturally go to the for
eigner. If his life is spared, and he re
turns, it will be practically impossible
forthe American to get his trade back
again. It will remain in his competitor's
hands, as the apparent reward of his in
difference to or contempt for American
This case is naturally urged, by those
who ;rc aware of the circumstances in
support of Mr. Probasco's theory that
aliens should be compelled to perform
military service in case of great national
emergencies. It is natural that it should
be so urged. Yet there arc considera
tions connected with it .which do not ap
pear on the surface. American citizen
ship has alwajs been a proud possession,
with its obligations as well as its privi
leges. It belongs of right to every Ameii
can born and to every child of an Amer
ican citizen. By others it is a prize to be
gained only by the demonstration ot un
derstanding desire, of fitness, of attach-
'1 he Second American Conference for
Dcmociacy and Tcims of Peace, known
as the Chicago Conference, will be held
July 7 and 8. A large representation of
farmcis' unions, granges, co-operative
societies and the like is expected. This
conference will be national in scope, as
was the New York Conference May HO
and III, out of which grew the Peoplcs
Council movement. The Third Ameri
can Conference will be held in San
hrancisco or Los Angeles at an carl)
date. This will also be national in scope.
Both of these confeicnces will make
their recommendations as to the scope
and nature of the activities of the Peo
ple's Council of America.
Meanwhile, a campaign to raise $.10,
noo to defray the organizing expense of
the Council is going fotward. Dr. David
Starr Jordan is treasurer for the or
ganizing committee. Organizers aic be
ing sent to all parts of the United States
to bring about affiliations of bodies now
existing and to form local councils
where such steps seem advisable.
Any organization, internal, sectional,
state, county or local, including local
Our NON-SKID Trusses
Our never-slips, sanitary anil washable. No charge for examina
tion. Kxpcrt fitters. Lady attendant for ladies, .rinses. Abdominal
Supporters, I laitic Hosiery. Shoulder II races and Deformity Appliances.
12 East Ninth Street, Cincinnati, Ohio
meiit to the principles of the Constitu
tion of the United States and of a good
disposition toward the order and happi
ness of the same. It is not a cover to
be put on for convenience. It is a great
and precious thing. Yet, for excellent
reasons, we do not deny the opportuni
ties of trade or the protection of the
laws to foreigners, even of long resi
dence, or even when they arc altogether
lacking in attachment to the principles of
the Constitution. As the case cited above
proves, we can even grant the unnatur
alized foreigner a commercial benefit
which enables him to grab the business
of a native citizen.
Why do we do this? Not to promote
the fordgncr above the native, but to
conquer his foreign disposition little by
little, to make his children loyal Ameri
cans, to break down the barriers of for
eign cxclusivism, to make our people
ultimately one. The process works well,
as the loyalty of all classes of American
citizens in the present war proved. In
such a case as that check wc perceive an
injustice, and if the injustice goes too
far it is within our power to correct it
by making the protected foreigner bear
his share of the national burden. But it
is a great mistake to suppose that the
young American business man who may
have to give tin his business in order to
serve his country is in any case the vic
tim of his country's oppression or injus
tice. He gets out of his country more
than he gives. What would his life be
without it? Of what use would prosper
ity be to him if his country were over
thrown? And what joys arc constantly
his in its possession I For those, which
arc his and not his unnaturalized neigh
bor's, he can well afford to serve his
country in her need.
organizations of the People's Council
consisting of fifty members or more and
endorsing the principles of the People's
Council of America for Democracy and
Peace, is entitled to representation. The
basis is one delegate for the first thou
sand or fraction thereof, and one addi
tional delegate for every additional thou
sand or maior fractioi thereof. But in
no case will any organization be repre
sented by more than three delegates.
I. AV. V. liKADKKS.
CliM-si-d With Plotting With Gui
iiiiiu Agents in Mint' mill I'Mchls.
Washington, June 2S. Industrial
Workers of the World leaders were
charged with working with German
agents in mines and fields of the West
to stir up strikes among Germans and
Austrians, in correspondence laid before
the Senate today by Senator Thomas, of
Particular lcfcrcncc was made to
strikes among the minors in certain parts
of Arizona, in which Industrial Workers
of the World leaders were prominent.
Senator Thomas asserted it as his
opinion that there was a conspiracy di
rected by Gciman agents in the United
States to work through the Industrial
Workers of the World in crippling
smelters and industries of the west.
E. M. ABBOTT PIANO CO.
Pianos, Player Pianos, Talking Machines, Music Rolls and Records
Convenient Terms N. W. Cor. 7th and Elm
FAVOKS IiAXI) TAX ONIjV.
Wcnatchec, Wash. Pay the cost of
the war by lcvjing a tax on city and
country lands, rcgaullcss of improve
ments thereon, is-thc recommendation of
C. D. Kcgley, master of the State grange
and patrons of husbandry, in his annual
"To me it seems very clear," he says,
"that we should insist with all our might
that the ?r be paid for as we go and
that not a single dollar shall be left for
our children, or our children's children,
to pay, until the last dollar of the accum
ulated wealth has been exhausted."
A minimum grain price was advocated
and it wr.s urged that the government fix
the millers' profits.
The farmers' executive made this sug
gestion, which is along the lines advo
cated by Herbert C. lloovcr, ex-chairman
of the Belgium relief commission:
"The miller cpu be protected by guar
anteeing that his price shall not exceed
the farmci's price plus a reasonable
handling profit, and the consumer can be
protected by regulating the price of flour
in the same way. By the nations bming
through a single agency they will be
able to get their f air quota of the sur
plus for export at the farmers' price
plus the cost of shipment, which, through
the council of defense and its subsidiary
councils, it will be able to control."
MUST IXCKKASK 1M3XKF1TS.
Boston. Workmen's compensation in
surance rates in this State must, in the
immediate future, be considerably in
creased, says State Insurance Commis
sioner Ilardison, who believes the re
duction of the waiting period from 14
to 10 dajs and maximum compensation
increases will make a very material dif
ference in the cost of insurance.
H. J. DUDLEY
SHOES for Everybody
Agents for the Celebrated Molder's Shoe,
Union Made, and Fireman's Boots
603 and 605 Central Avenue, Oppoiite Market Houia
Saturdays to 10:30. Phone Canal 470
The Star.Union Baking Co.
119 W. Canal St. CINCINNATI, 0.
Phone Canal 3078
C A V?? Best ot Beers,
VrsF Ej Liquors and Cigars
Melting Place of: Cermanla loan and Building Aii'n
No. 2; Germanla loan and Building Ait'n No. 3,
1427 Main Street CINCINNATI O.
Phone, Canal 532 Decorations a Specialty
uraers rromptiy rnica
Choice Cut Flowers Floral Des;nns
604 WALNUT STREET
Bet. Sixth and Seventh Sts. C1N- ....ATI, O.
NORMAN T. GROVES
The Plicc for Good Whliklc! and Wlnei
128-130 Eait Court St. (Court St. Market), Cincinnati, 0.
Hlgh-Crade Old Whllklei Dlreit oul ol U.S. Bonded Ware
home. Imported and Domeillc Wines and Cigari.
Sinner Lunch from 11 A. M, to 1:30 P. M. Hot Lunch
II Day. Telephone Canal 1187-X.
Ladies' and Gents' Dining Room
S. W. Corner 12th and Elm Streets
Phone, Canal 3952
3941 SPRING GROVE AVE.
FULL LINE OK
Union Made Shoes
Also a Full Line of SCHOOL SHOES
Stonemasons' Headquarters and North
Pole Fishing and Outing Club
Phone Canal 4630-X 1904 VINE ST.
JOS. A. SCHUMAN
Succtuor io . FRANK MEIER
Choice Smoked Meats, Fruits and Vegetables
1321 Linn Street (Cor. of Laurel)
Phone West 377