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THE LABOR ADVOCATE
ELIHU ROOT'S SPEECH
To tliu Itiissimi Council of Ministers
Was 11 Masterpiece He" Tohl
Tlit'in In a Clear and St rniij;lit for
ward Way What to Kxpvt't.
The speech of Elilm Koot, head of
the American Commission to Russia, ad
dressed to the council of ministers, was
in exactly the right tone. There was
nothing patronizing in it, nor was there
in it the least suggestion of a purpose
to instruct the Russian people, or their
new government, in their duty. Mr.
Root did indeed tell them, and in a very
clear and straightforward way, sonic
thing of the nature of the American gov
ernment and its history, and also of its
purpose in entering the war. The ap
peal was for complete sympathy and co
operation between the two democracies
in this gigantic struggle against autoc
racy. "We believe," said the great
American, "in the competence of the
power of democracy, and in our heart
of hearts abides faith in the coming of
a better world in which the humble and
oppressed of all lands may be lifted up
by freedom to a heritage of justice and
Mr. Root expressed, both on his own
part and of the nation that he so worth
ily represents, an entire faith in the
ability of the Russian people to solve
their own problems and to maintain
their own freedom. Hut democracies
sometimes have to fight for their life.
This is true today truer of the Rus
sian democracy than of our own, since
it is less firmly founded, and is also
closer to the danger that threatens it.
We quote from this wholly admirable
"One fearful danger threatens the li
berty of both nations. The armed forces
of a military autocracy arc at the gates
of Russia and the allies. The triumph
of the German arms will mean the death
of liberty in Russia. No enemy is at
the gates of America, but America has
come to realize that the triumph of
German arms means the death of liber
ty in the world, that we who love liber
ty and would keep it must fight for it,
and light for it now when the free de
mocracies of the world may be strong
in union, and not delay until they may
be beaten down separately in succession.
So, America sends another message to
Russia that we arc going to fight, and
have already begun to fight for our
freedom equally with yours. We would
make your cause ours and our cause
yours, and, with a common purpose and
mutual helpfulness of a firm alliance,
make sure of victory over a common
The case thus presented is, not Ameri
ca's case, but the case of the world
including Russia as far as it loves
liberty. The thought is of partnership
in a great undertaking. It is to the
credit of the new Russia a fact that
has not been kept in mind bv those who
have criticized her that she demands
some assurances as to what she is ex
pected to fight for. For with the pass
ing of the old regime, it was inevitable
that there should be some shifting of
the point of view. A cause that would
have stirred the old Russia to war
might, conceivably, be powerless to move
the new Russia. The entrance of this
country into the struggle makes the path
of the present government easier and
plainer. The President's message to the
Russian people and his Flag Day address
still further clarified the situation. And
now we have these solemn and weighty
words from Elihu Root, who' is better
qualified than any other available man
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Ladies' Coats $7.50 to $20.
Ladies' Suits $15.00 to $25.00
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in this country for the great task which
he is now performing. In his reply to
Mr. Root's speech the Russian minister
for foreign affairs said :
"The Russian people consider war in
evitable and will continue it. The Rus
sians have no imperialistic wishes. We
know that jott have none. We shall
fight together to secure liberty, freedom
and happiness for all the world. I am
happy to say that I do not sec any
moral idea or factor between America
and Russia to divde us. We two peoples
Russia fighting tyranny, and America
standing as the oldest democracy
hand in hand will show the way of hap
piness to nations great and small.
The Root Commission will, we have
no doubt, he able to render valuable
service. Indeed, it has already accom
plished great good. It may turn out that
America's entrance into the war thwart
ed the Prussian intrigue for a separate
peace which now seems unlikely. If
so, it has been worth two or three mil
lions of soldiers to the allies even should
we not send a brigade to France.
WAR FUND SET ASIDE
IN VAIN FOR WOMEN
Set Aside for Itellcf by Proctor &
(Jumble Company Amounts to
$1,000 for Every Huslness
Day of Ycnr.
The Board of Directors of the Procter
& Gamble Company has appropriated a
snecial fund to be set aside for war ex
penses during the period of the war. The
fund amounts to $1,000 a day for every
The fund willbc drawn upon to make
donations to various relief funds and for
other purposes connected with the war,
President William Cooper Procter ex
plained. None of the money will be used
for company purposes.
The directors have authorized the ap
propriation for every business day from
April (i, the date war was declared on
Germany, until December III. This to
Mr. Procter explained, however, that it
was the intention to continue the special
appropriation throughout the duration
of the war.
So far as is known, the Procter &
Gamble Company js the first industrial
concern to set aside such a fund for
Stockholders were notified of the ac
tion. Arid still they Imve poor devils
uorkiii' for less tliaii three dollars
MOOXKV HAIIilPF IS OUSTtiD.
San Francisco. The bailiff in Judge
Dunne's court, where Rena Mooney is
on trial for murder, has been dismissed
because of scandals connected with the
jury selection and which have involved
the district attorney's office.
The accused is the wife of Thomas
J. Mooney, who has been found guiltv
of the bomb plot of last year on testi
mony now known to be perjured.
Springfield, 111. Governor Low den's
attempt to revive the women's eight
hour bill proved a failure in the Senate
when the body rejected the proposal.
The state executive sent a special
measure to the legislature urging a
reduction of hours in this case and
called attention to last car's declara
tions of all political parties for shorter
hours for women.
"Clearly, we arc committed to legis
lation which will substantially limit the
hours of labor for women employed in
industrial pursuits," said Governor Low
den. "But it is said that war alters the
situation. I submit that if it docs alter
the situation, it makes this legislation
more imperative. England thought at
the opening of the war that it was made
necessary, because of the war, to in
crease rather than decrease the num
ber of hours of labor. It has been
shown very conclusively by the experi
ence of England that this increase was
at the expense of both efficiency and
"The British government last year,
after an exhaustive investigation
through a very able committee, reached
the conclusion th?t from every stand
point, that of efficiency as well as the
health of the women, overtime should
he abolished and an eight-hour day es
tablished for them. Hence the argu
ment of even temporary necessity fails.
Moreover let us not forget the purpo.se
of this legislation.
"That purpose is to safeguard the
future of the nation.
"War must of necessity impair the
fatherhood of future generations, doub
ly important is it then that we take
everv precaution to protect the mothers
of the next generation. I believe that
need for legislation limiting the hours
of work for women is more imperative
than if we were at peace."
UHGK ASIATIC AVAIt JjAIIOK.
New Yoik. The hoard of trade and
transportation has made public a list of
prominent citizens who join with it in
advocating Asiatic labor during the war
The list includes former Secretary of
the Treasury Shaw, President Butler of
Columbia University, President Haitlev
of Yale University and bankers and
business men from various sections of
the country who assume to speak for
The committee states that some per
sons are against the plan because the"
arc afraid that "the coolies, once in, will .
he slow to go out." j
These fears arc declared to be
ptouihIIcss. ps it is stated that "there I
woi'Ul be no lack of zeal" among officer')
to deport the Orientals.
Under these conditions it is assumed
by the trustful board of trade and trans
portation that no corporation would
hesitate to ship its allotment of Orien
tals back to their native land when of
ficers of the law give the high siirn,
SEVENTH STREET BAKERY
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WHOLESALE AND RETAIL Phone, West 15S9-L
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