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The Marion Daily Mirror.
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VOLUME XV. NO. It31.
MAHION, OHIO. IflUDAY EVENING, JANUAItV 4, 1907:
ntlOE TWO CENTS
CULBERSON F TEXAS
DEPENDS THfe PRESIDENT
He Holds That the President had a Right to Dis
charge the Negroes Who Participated
in the Brownsville Affair.
Faraker's Resolution is Taken up Again by the Senate
" but Definite Action is Deterred Until Monday-Senator
' Lodge Wants to Limit the Scope of the Inquiry
. ' Foraker Takes the Floor and Asks That His.
Resolution be Adopted but He was Un
able to Bring it to an Issue.
Washington, .Tun. 4.-l'reldoiit
' Roosevelt's order, dismissing the
jiegro troops of the 25tu lnrantry for
"shooting up" Urownsvino, Texas,
was discussed In' the senate yesterday
whon' Sonntor Foraker's resolution
-providing for an Inquiry hy tho ton
ale Into the discharge or the troops
was brought up, hut action was de.
"ferrcd until next Mofiduy.
Senator Culberson, of Texas, defend
ed tho . president's order, bringing to
Us support many points of legal con
, structlon and Justifying the action by
maiiy quotations from evidence taken
In conleqtlon with the affray. lie
cloted with an Impassioned statement
of the. iKi-ltlou of the South on the
negro question, which ho declared (o
bo the most vital and dangerous prob
lem Lefore the American' people.
Senator KoraUer replied briefly, ex.
pressing Ills' Interest In having speedy
action on hla resolution for nn Inves
tigation. Senator Lodge proposed an
amendment to tho rcso'iitlon, which
has the effect of admitting the presl
.dciil'n authority aa commander-in.
chlof of the army to take tho action
ho did, and of restricting tho iuve-stl-gntlon
to, the occurrence In Hrowns
vlllc. On motion of Senator Halo.
..the rctoiu'tlon was given, the right or
?liiaitir Culberson hild he would
hr.vo Miptvmifat, but far tho Tact that
great Injustice had been done tho
people of D'rownsvlllo.
Mr. Culberson said Hi" conduct of
tho negro Holdlor had been very Irri
tating to tho niownsvlllo peoijlo and
especially so, to tho women. Ho re
lated that on Xiigust l lasr, the dny
licforo the "uliootlng up" of thp town,
n criminal a-saiilt hnd been conimil
led by tno of tho .oldlers on the wife
of u rojiutublo eltlzou nnd iialrt mi
arrests had boon made for thla crime.
lr. Culbursoi) dofendcil Captain
MnDoimlif of the Texas Uangora to
whom Mr. J'ornkPr had rofurred 1ms-i-anso
of .Major Hloi-ksom'tj rofert'iuo
to hlin as u m.in who was "to brave
Ihut ho wiiuld not hcalluto to uburgo
ludl with u bucket of water." -
Mr. Culberson ah.o mid that he
knew Mujor U"'Jcksoin to be a gen.
In defonulng President Uoosoelt
tor his dismissal of the troops, Mr.
Cullcreon said tho fact that tho
troops worn negroes had. nothing to.
do with their discharge. ' Confusion
as to the lPgal questions Involved was
lie said, responsible for tho state
ment, thnt tho president had no nil.
thorlly (o make- tho discharge.
To cstnbllah tho motive nctintlng
the negro s"!illera In creating the' al
leged dlBtnrtmnro, Mr. Clbcrtion read
resolutions receiitly, ndopted by neg.ro
citizens In lloston which admitted
that the soldiers "shot up thu town"
and said "thoy were determined to do
for themselves what the uniform nf
their country would not do protect
them from insults nnd punish at the
same time the authois or their mis
ery," Disclaiming any partlsanrhip for
the president, .Mr. Culberson created
a wave or. muniment by saying:
"I have nothing to do with tho
presldp'it n thN matter. 1 care noth
ing about him. My personal relations
with . hlni are about as goneral as
thosp or tho senator from Ohio"
(Mr. Foraker). In all fairness, Mr.
Culberson said, the country ought to
know that tho report made to the
president was reliable,-' Wo read
much cf'tjio evidence In this report
1p sustain hlsi contention that the
olioi;i and not civilians Jnd been
responsible for the shoptlng, re.
niarlilng' tht squalors might gn to
ttiolr luncheon if they did not want
' to hoar. It'. . ,.
lAflor .reading nieli of tho tcstl
' inai)y taken linroro tho Urownsvlllo
gram). Jury, Mr. Culborson drow the
;oiflHKloii that tho ract that no In.
tllctjnbnt was returned wfs not an
ovjdonco or tho weakness or tho caso,
ibnt ratlipr or tho ralrness or tho poo
jile of Drovnsvlllo -who did not wMi
Injustice to the Innocout. Tho ovl.
donee, ho contended, proved beyond a
doubt that the shooting was done by
tho negro soldlerB, but failed to Idon
' tlfy- Uie jullty one.
He concluded his speech of an
hour and n half by a brief reference
to the negro question In general, say.
Ing it bad existed irom the early his
tory of tho country down to the prcs.
cut time and still continued to lid the
most Important and tho most danger
ous question which confronts, tho
American people. Today, lie said,
the condition of the black race with
lis ages' of slavery, Us ignoranco
and povrty, excited the deepest sym.
pathy of thu great body of the while
people of tho South.
Hut," ho continued, "In spite of
the past, with Its conflicts and sac
rifices, sorrows and destruction of
life and property, this problem U still
the greatest with which we have to
deal. It Involves labor, education,
suffrage, social ordpr. civil liberty,
self government and the Integrity of
the white race. Thu end no man
Senator Korakor lit onco lock tho
floor, remarking that It belittled the
present question to mako It a vehicle
.for discussing the race question.
He did not proposq to discuss the
question or tho inerlU or the Drowns.
v...c affair. He wanted his resolu
tion adopted, which would Insure
further Inquiry, and his present pur.
ioso was but-to defend hlnisolf re
garding the criticism1 charged against
hlni for mentioning Captain McDon.
Commenting on Senator Culberson's
statement that Jila (Koraker's) speech
two weeks ago hrd offended certain
Texan mid had reflected partclulurly
upon Captain McDonald, tho Ohio
collator said ho did not know what
McDonald resented unless It was tho
Mr. Foraker read from n Cincin
nati paper an account of Ciiplnlu Mc
Donald's resentment. ' (vniiiiontlng
trcoly ns hi progressed. Among oth
er things Senator Foraker said:
"1 don't know why Captain McDon
ald would charge 'hell with olio
bucket of water' Unless it was that Jm
had no o.tlier use for the water."'
A:;uln, uftor reading tho i-lntonienl
of McDonald thnt ho was willing to
meet Forakor, but did not Intend to
inttV'n ffMililk fit Itltn ttn nh1r klM
ItlUnU UUIIUIU Vt lllltli bliu wnw v
ator exclaimed "What a relief that
Is to me."
Another account from the Houston
Pest pictured Captain HcDonald as ;i
great "innn.klller" In the cause of
Justice nnd told of the manner In
which McDonald had conducted hlrf
Investigation of tho lirowu3ville , af
fair at ihe request of the governor of
Texas. Mr. Foraker coivluded hla
leniarks by putting tho Interviews
In tho leconl and asking for n voto
on tho rp-olutlon,
Senator Culberson ipplled briefly,,
hy saying the country was to bo
felicitated on tho fact that tho Ohio
senator hnd turned' his attention to
derision of a captain of tho Texas
"Thore Is," ho snd, "one thin, J
ought to add to whit t have . ',,
about Captain McDonald, lu view
tho wish expressed In this chamber
a few days ago to meet him, but
which has been omitted from Tlio
Record. U ull'onU mo very great
pleasure to s-iy In the same spirit
thnt ho never declined an Invitation
of that character In all his life, and
ho Is too old to change his linbtts
An amendment was ottered by Sen.
ator Uidge to confine tho Inquiry
b" the, committee oil military affairs
to a question of fact In regard to
the conduct of the negro soldiers,
In that It recognized that the order'
wub Issued by the president "In the
uxorpl of liia constitutional author
ity ns commander-in-chief."
This would have the offect of pre
venting an Investigation of tho con
stitutional questions involved In tho
president's qrdor disposing tho troops,
Mr. Lodge askod thnt tho further
flleuubslou of tho quo3t(ou bo post
poned until .Monday on account of hi
Inability to speak bocauso of a sore
Although Mr, Forakor had previ
ously objected to deferring consider.
ntlon of the resolution, no ut onco
- consented to tho postponement! whon
'Mr. lyougo piacou mis request upon
pergonal grounds, t'pon luollttn of
Senator llnlo, lliu resolution will bo
taken up ntt Monday nuxt mid pressed
lo a conclusion, ,
'rim sonnlu ndjuiirned until Monday.
Two Affairs of Honor are
Pulled off in Paris Within
Past Twenty-Four Hours
J'aris,.Iali. !. l'stris is apparent
ly, fijrliliuj; mini. Two duels wJlhiu
twenty-four hums, one the most
serious fouijlit in France in years,
nuil tin affairs of honor have
jrrentjy excited (he city.
In today's encounter Jean (Jitugl
ami Morris Jlclprat. iutel duellists,
fought with swords, hi the third
round (liiiil, was wounded in the
Lieutenant Spit.e." was Hie victim
of yesterday' -cent pistol duel
near A'crailles, dyr.ig at a private'
A Blizzard in North Dakota
. Would -Mean an Untold
Loss of Life.
Minneapolis, Minn., Jan. 1. Forlj
stations along tho ('rent Northern
railroad, In North Dakota, are on thu
verge of deperntlon, owing to the
(oal ami food famine. Despite the
efforts made by the railroads to clear
up tho situation, little relief has been
furnished and Hie outlook for assist
ance Is dark. A blizzard nt this time
would result lu untold loss of lire.
So serious Is tho ,-Uimllon Hint the
Inlcr.sttito commerce commission Is
considering placing n special agent in
tho Northwest to see that all possible
relief Is furnished the icsldents there.
WHEAT CROP IS IN
Columbus, Ohio, Jan. !. The Jan
uary crop report of the state board of
agriculture, notes tho flue condition
of growing wheat. When thu "recent
snow wont off, tho Tfeld wore round
well coveied, and tho wheat In con.
ditlon to stand the rigor of winter.
Twelve per cent, of the earn Is yet
unhubked and 77 per eont. or last
year's crop will bo fed on the farms.
IN THE DANGER ZONE. 2
p ; p
"v "flit "
mm m ib Kii ntH mw m m uw m w.
Ill Vil II T 1 1 V 1 I JTM-L ' '"I i A N.
' VW'' ,mO ..V1
London Editor Predicts. That
England ; will Line up
Against United states.
Loudon, hii. . In ,llio went)
of war between the ('jilted States
mill Japan, Kutilniul will side with
.Inpnii, .says 'lla conservative Stand
ard in niisivcriiig, editorially the
(iiclioii jiskeil jnnny times of late.
Tlic article says there can not be
room for doubt in to Kulatiil's at
fitiiile, even if the mensurable ntl
'vanlage of the friendship of Hid
Vnilwl States weighed against the
dishonor of a brcnkiii'' of u nut-
Kaiser Wilhelm Surrounds
Himself With a Guard as
Formitable as That of
iiinuitiguaui.j; Jnu. !. Kaiser
William i.s in'Iemlly fear of assas
sination mid jSjiirroiiudiiur himself
with u guard to forinidublc ns Hint
wh'i'h protcelCV.at' Nicholas, ac
cording lo tliejpliniiingliani l'osl .
The hit tcruiw caused by the pies
etit electoral 'ninpaign in (.iorninny
ami Ihe troubled in Poland, where
I hi goveniineiiSlins dealt, t ruthlessly
with Ihe Polislinnllonili.sts. rn re
sponsible 'fori Tim fcurs piilc'laincri
iy Uio (Jisnn:itvTulor.
Quarrel Over Colonial Policy
and now They Refuse to
Recognize Each Other.
iMmiclicslcr, .Inn. -1. Kaiser
Will'mu ami fiowji Prince J-'todor-ick
Williams mo , no louder on
.speaking terms, nccordiiig to the
Herlin corie.spondent of the .Mau-che.s-ter
Uispalch. Xhe trouble l'ol
luweil a serious iuarrel over the
colonial office exposures.
When reviations of the uiethoils
luii'.siied by the colonial. iff ico in
Africa were inudo lniown, tho crown
pitjucc tlcmnudcil uiiriuiitiry mid the
punishment l every guilty per
son. The Kai-ei did not agree lo
(his, .saying the
c.Mii'i'iilcil. A biller quarrel fol
lowed itml I In muii ilinvo not spoken
since. The Kmpiess ami crown priii"
ccss liuve done e-verytliiiifr possible
to effect a reconciliation, but hi
Men in all Lines of Railroad
Work will Present De
mands of Various
Chicago, Jan. 4. annul Chiefs
Ilarhahiin, of the Hrothcrliool of Ij-
romotlvo Firemen. nnd ICnglne.
men; Morrissel, of the trainmen;
tiarretson, of tho conductors, and
representatives of thu switchmen's
und trainmen's unions affiliated with
the major organizations, met nt the
Sherman house today, for the purpose
jit Is believed, of formulating de.
ninnilH to bo presented to tho rail
roads of the entire country.
Willie the participants In the con.
Terence declined to give any Informa.
Hon, It was learned upon reliable au
thority that the meeting was called
lu leaponfcc to dcmniiiN of the rank
and llle, nil for the country, from ev.
ery branch of railroad work, that
the demands for an eight-hour day
and nn Increase lu wages be presented
to the railroads.
Negro Tells Important Facts
Concerning ' 'shooting up"
of Brownsville by
,Snn Anlonio, Tomis, Jan. I.As
M.slant Alloniey (Jeiioial Purdy,
who is hcie iitalring an invesliga
t itn iulo the Miownsville rioting
by uiCiiilii'm of the tweiity-fifth in
fantry, has mi iininrtunt witness
in '.cm U'ceves. a negro .suliljor, on
who.-e tesliiiiony ho can convict ev
ery mail, diicctly I'oiiiiecleil with
Hie I rouble.
The negro has given Ihe names of
two soldiers inksing from the com
pany when Ihi call lo iuarteis was
sounded, just ufter Hie oulbieak.
lie also .makes damaging statements
agaiiisl Major Penrose mid Captain
CASSATI'S ESTATE IS
ESTIMATED AT 55000,000
Philadelphia, I'a., Jan. 4. -Tho
estate of Hie late Alexandor J. Cas
sntt, president of tho Pennsylvania
railroad, Is reported valued at $5,.
0110,000 and is left equally to the
widow' and three children.
... fMhony in WahlnBtin 8Ur. I
ALLEGES BOOKS SHOW
A LARGE SHORTAGE
Secretary of the Day ton Gas Light and Coke Company is
Said to be Short Almost a Half Million Dollars-Thc
Secretary Denies He has Ever Appropriated Any .
of the Company's Funds.
Dayton, O.. Jan. ii. A story to
the effect that Oeorge M. Smart, sec
retary of the Dayton Oas Light and
Coke company, Is hort to nn amount
ranging from $200,000 to $.'00,000.
which has been Moating nlout lu the
form or a rumor for several days,
has reached the publicity stage lu this
city mid caused n proround sensa
Mr. Smart has been (onuected with
the company for 10 years and has
been the secretary for 2.i years.
The books of the company had nev
er been investigated or audited by in;
expert, It I said, and the alleged
slioitnge covers, possibly, a third of
The discovery of the alleged short
age followed the employment recently
of a corps of experts to examine and
report upon the property. The ex
amination was made with the view.
It Is stated, or entertaining offers lo
buy made by a syndicate that has
been buying gas plants in this nnd
other states. The experts have been
ut work about three weeks, and have
about completed their investigation.
lu the meantime and lor three or
four days past, rumors of nn alleged
shortago got Into guarded circulation.
I u nn attempt to get at the truth of
these, as late as Wcdncudny night.
the president, vice presidents and the
secretary denied the story and said
that there Is not 1 cent of shortago.
Robert R. Dickey, now p.ut 90,
is president of tho company. He Is
an invalid ami practically In his
dotage, and it is doubted If he knows
anything about the real fluauclal con.
ditlon of the concern. Harry C.
Rivers in Indiana and Illin
ois Rising Rapidly and
Situation is Alarming.
li li "si uiy. 1ml.. Jan. I. --The
White and I'aloka rivers have left
their banks mid are flooding tliouu.
auds of acre-, of land. Fanners be
gan driving live stock to the hills
yesterday. Both rivers are rising
rapidly, and inurh corn in the hot.
loins, which is still ungathered. will
Carnil, Ills., Jan. I. -The Little
Wabash river ls rising four Teat an
hour, nnd ir the rise continues,
thousands or dollar., worth of duni
ago will bu done. A dozen families
were moving out Fast Carnil this
morning and by night a large por.
Hon of the east side will be untie."
Columbus, O., Jan. I. ICIghteen
families, living on the West .side,
wore tonipelled to tleo from 'heir
homes this morning, on account of
the high water In the Oleutangy and
cloto rivers. They were mostly
hquatters and shanty dwellers. No
tovero losses have been reported. The
water In the Scioto river rose o
18.7 feet, but later receded. Much
farm debris Is paslng down stream,
fences and corn fodder predoniinat.
SAYS HE IS
Chicago Fortune Teller Says
That it was Emma Who
Poisoned Members of
Chicago, Jan. I The coroner'n In-
quest Into the manner of the deaths
' thu live members of thu V.ruI fain.
lly, lit connection with Ilorman
Helok. a fortuna teller, who bus
boon hold In custody for sonio wcoks
was commenced yestorday.
Tho chief witness was Mrs. Mary
Nlonian, a daughter of Martin Vzral
and a sister or the girls who' arc
thought by tho police to havo been
Craves is vice president mid treasuter
of the company. He will not admit
that there Is a shortage.
All Hint Secretary Smart will sa,
in rcsjioiise to rumors, reports and
publications, U that ir there are any
unaccounted tor bnlnncea the money
went into politics.
Mr. Smart is r7 and is prominent
In business and social nffalrs in the
city, nnd Is also prominent In mason
ry. It Is known that there are factions
nmong the .stockholders and lu the di
rectory, und the bitterness among
these may color the reports that have
gained circulation. Thus far, how.
ever, no member of the directory will
deny or nfflrm the shortage, and the
expert accountants are equally re
ticent. The gas company was organized In
ISfiO and has a perpetual charter.
Ninety-five per cent, of the stock Is
held by about -100 stockholders In this
Dayton, O., Jan. 3. George M.
Smart, secretary of the Dayton Gas
Light and Coke company, while not
yet ready to make a formal state
ment, say that there is not ono Iota
or truth In the published story or his
shortage and that ho doesn't owe the
company ono cent.
It Is said that there nro two rue.
tlons lu the company, ono being
anxious to sell to n natural gas com.
pany and this faction Is authority Tor
the Invidious reports, which nro said
to be based on nothing more culpable
than loco and unthiuatod bookkecp-j
polkoned. Mrs. Nlema declared that
her rather and her sisters all dis
played the s.iino KympUnis before
they died, mid said that previous to
the illness that caused their deaths
none of them had over been 111 to
her knowledge. The symptoms, so
described in each ciibo, were Biich as
might have resulted in the taking or
During the evidence or .Mr. Nel.
man Iiolok, who Is nccused or poison
ing the members or the family, sutl.
tlonly rose In Jils seat and shouted
1 did not poison thorn. Kmma
Hy "Kinnin" the prisoner meant
Mrs. Vzrnl. the mother of the ileail
girls, who committed suicide at the
time of tho arrest of Uclok.
Dr. Charles P. Caldwell, tho phy
sician who attended Ella Vzral. to.
tilled that while he treated his pa
tient for Addison's disease, he now
believed that It was a pure case of
arsenical poisoning. The symptom i
of Hie disease and of arsenical pols.
onlng, he said, are Identical.
Being Investigated by the
Interstate Commerce Com
mission at Washington
Washington, Jan. -I. -Acting undor
the general resolution, passed by
congress, at lis last session, nrovid.
Ing tor nn Inquiry into the opera
tion block system, tho Inter.stuto
commerce commission begun what
promises to be a most thorough In
vestigation of the recent wrecks on
the southern and Hnltluiore and Ohu
railroads. It Is tho ptupo.u of th'i
commission to ascertain, If possible,
whether tho system Is at fault or
whether the blame- lays wholly with
Commissioner Cluments conducted
totlay's hearing, the wreck at Terra
Cotta on tlio Ualtlmore and Ohio,
Sunday night, being tlio first subject
taken up. Dispatcher Dunt, or Hal.
tlmoro, the first witness, bald that
under the rules, two trains must not
be admitted to a block without bjmit
clal Instruction from the dispatcher.
Clovohuiil, O., Jan, 1. An explo
sion at Akron this morning, cut off.
Cleveland's natural gas supply.
Thousands of fumlllcs who use giw
for cooking purposes bad cold
lunches, Tho weather Is mild
none suffered from tho cold,
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