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The Marion! Daily Mirror.
3 VOLUME XV. NO. 153.
MAItTON, OtTTO. VTUDAY EVENING. FEUHUAllV 1, 1907,
PRICK TWO CENTS
H ' .
f 1 , '
r t . i k
W UNITED STATES BY
Equality for Japanese School Children Must
be Recognized Before Further Negoti
ations Can Progress.
President May be Able to Show the San Francisco
School Board the Error of Its Way and Prevent
a Clash-Naval Forces to be Rapidly Increased
London Takes a Pessimistic View of the Situation-Japanese
are Clamoring for War.
Washington, I' cb
learned todny that ieprescnlntions
made to Secretary of State Hoot,
by the Japaiicso ambassador, Anki,
although touched in the 'most deli
cate phraseology, were in I ho na
ture of a ultimatum.
This government has been in
formed that the Japanese govern
ment "insists upon its subject? in
tbo. United Slates being treated as
those, of the most favored nation
ami, aeknowlcdgoment of this the
principle,' is made a condition, pre
rd.'plt''io,.the conduct of i'liilher
negotiations. Japan refuses to
fiavo'I(qr'(s'ubJQcls in Snn Francisco
patj oat acinar .with Chinese.
flecttucTolf'lnT declaration, made
'bywrdlr of,ho Japanese foroign
offieo l4eVitient HoocvpIi summon
ed the San I'Vaneifco School att
thnriljes to Washington, lie will
bring to bear every possible nr
gamont for" the admission of Japan
ese children to the regular public
(chools. It ho is as successful in
cmviuciilg tllico of the porions
uobs of iho pr.'jcnt Situation as be
Ava,s with tbo memhors of tbo Call1
fornia delegation in congress, an
farming crisis v.-ill bo averted. A
majorify of lle California delega
tion limv favors the compromise
Miggestcd by the admhiistration and
tctilotivqly agrct'd in by tlio Jap
anese nqvornment . It is believed
thf president can show the visitors
when they arri.t. next Monday
that the advantaes" to be gained
through the exclusion of Japnneso
coolies from tbo United Stales will
far outweigh lite consideration!!
which have caused the segregation
fit' "Japanese school children in
- It is know)) that tbo recent anti
American agitation in Japan has
thoroughly awakoned the president
find bus eah!inot to tlio necessity for
active 'preparations to meet any
hqstilo move by Japan. While
there is no immediate prospect of
war between tbo two countries, I ho
administration has read t''o hand
wriliiig on I bo wall wh"ich spells
"Hostilities''" with the mikado's
"p.m'piro within tho next fv years,
unless an increased .mililary and
imVal strength. In this country and
J overly in Japan convinces tho
opaneso that a war could only
nfcan their "defeat and loss of pres
tio in tbo Orient.
London, Feb, 1. Diplomats hero
rcoard tho ifeoH.ig of tho Japan
epo ponplo. as tlu most dnngcrous The president and Secretary Itont
clement in Controversy between tho are hopeful that If tho action of
United States, and Japan. Since ith? Sl Francisco school offldnls Is
bo Manchuriim war, the wholo,1-0801"-''. friendly relations mai bo
nnniilnilnii from ni.oKn in nnliln completely restorod through dlplo.
lias .Shared, the war spirit vliich
used to io i no monopoly o tno
Saiiiurni fighting clan. For ages tlio
people' hfVc been taught (hat fighU
xnig is tnc highest and only glori
rx'is nivifejision, Recent Knglfeih
yisiloiit c. Japan report (hat
Wijh Hh 80,000,000 pooplo is ( n
pverrov, o.mpan-d with Itrssia with
JiVr 12Q,000,OPO , people, Tlioy
tHinlt tbH''t tJ''P H'o PhiLI,ipine.
fjjiam (fncUtfnwnii, will ho moroy a
s'irlnir, MXPursion' for u Japaneso
tidri" licet. 1 WW ,v,st, popujnr . apan- msiuucu, mo biikkbiuiii (was oi runt v ,
Fs,M io'oi)Utiw'lM'Amcricnn,caboai'dl character as to rondor compliance ',..- '
cities could bo surprised as Port
Arthur ya.s in 100,"). The official
and educated classes of Japan bow
ever do not share in the popular
desire- tVr war.
Washington, Feb. I. A pcrlous
and unoxnectocl crisis has arisen in
the heretofore friendly relations ex
isting between the United States
and Japan. Tho utmost exertions of
trained diplomacy will be necessary
to avert open hostilities, precipitated
Ono paramount concession to Ja
pan Is essential to restore tho sem
blance of friendship, The educa
tional authorities of San Francisco
must restore Japanc3e children to
the uamo 'privileges of public school
attendance they enjoved before the
flro and, earthquake. It Mi seriously
stated that tho onlv preventive of
wa. between the United States and
Japan is the withdrawal of all action
taken, barring Japanese children
from equal participation with, whito
children in tho common facilities af.
forded for an education.
The president has sent for lbs
president of tho San Francisco board
of education and the superintendent
of schools, plainly and unequivocally
to Inform tlicm that their edict of
nonadmlslon for Japanese children
must be withdrawn. Ho will appeal
to their patriotism. He will ask
them as American ci.lzens to aban
don tho policy of exclusion. Ho will
advise them that this Is the first
Btep in the direction of solving the
problem without an open breach .
President Itoo.cvolt, In conference
lasting less than an hour and a half
convinced the entire California dolo.
gation in congress that tho situation
Is oxtremely critical and that .thoy
must make somo sacrifice of state
pride for the general good. Ho did
not differentiate between tho Jap
anese government and the Japaneso
people, but made tre broad, wcop.
lng, comprehensive declaration thnt
tho Japaneso desires wnr and is
seeking a pretext for Its prosecu
Every member of the California
delegation was impressed by tho
presidents utterances. AH were sat.
Isfled that a more serious and crit
ical situation is nt hand than had
boon anticipated, Thoy promised,
to render all possible assltanco In
seeking to obtain the removal of re.
ntrlctions Imposed on Japanese school
children by tho educational, authori
ties of San Francisco. Thoy also
pledged themselves to maintain a
patriotic sllcnco, being told by tho
president that tho puhl'ratlnn of The,
real facts, If forwarded to Tokio,
mleht crcatlv hasten the hostilities
tho administration . is striving to
- prevent. ' ' il
jm1Bt,01 channels and a treaty arrang-
excluded from ontoting tho United
States, That this can bo ncconi.
pllshod is f-tiU problematic. in all
the negotiations up to this i!mo
Japan has adroitly asked for Impos
sible concessions as compensation
for tho ono favor of coolie oxcjuslon.
Whenever a hauls pf agrcomonl
seemed in, slgh thp'ropresoutatlvo of
Jahan 'would 'delicately intlmato that
two or threo other things must lio
taken ipto consideration along with
the principle of exclusion, In evoly
Impossible. It Is hoped that after
the agitation resultant from the
San Francisco school Incident, has
abated more satisfactory progress
may bo mado In arranging a new
treaty with-Japan, by which tho ail.
mission of coolies may bo prevented.
.President Uoosevclt and 'Secrelary
Root have nssurcd the California
delegates that Japan is not without
resources necessary for prosecuting
a foielgn war. Indisputable evi
dence has come Into the possession
of the president and Hoot that dif
fident funds will be available when
needed. No clew has been given
regarding the source from wjilch
these funds will be obtained.
It is made clearly evident that
somo friendly power has intimated
to Japan that money will be ad
vanced in the event of hostilities
with tho United States. It la tho re.
sulo of thlK guarantee that Japan
has assumed such an attitude nnd
seems more desirous of war with the
United States than of averting it.
'lias Information camo as an as
tounding revelation to the Callforn-
lans, who nsumo that Japan Is
bankrupt ns n consequence of tho
recent war with Russia, and did
not fiavo enough credit to negotiate
Tho Japanese government is now
threatened with overthrow If It docs
not win tho diplomatic battle being
waged for the restoration of Japan,
ese children to the public, schools of
San Francisco. It Is confronted with
tho choice of destruction by its own
Mibjects of wnr with tho United
States. The' matter of war would
become merely n question of self
The situation In Hawaii has little
If any connection with the present
condition of affaira. Statements re
peatedly have been mado that Jap.
nnchO soldiers, disguised as laborers,
have entered Hawaii in largo num.
hers nnd nro preparing to selzo that
territory in the event of war. lu.
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'Y l,.'v,'' C.N Cupid "This combination of ootiimnr5?weathr ought to help ome.' 5 '' " 'll ' ', t..',
i-jt ; , . N ,"'' ...''. , ... ?p .-Wlldsr In Chlcaao Rteord.Htrald. '
vestlgatlonhas not demonstrated
that those JnTerlng tho Island are
actually soldiers or that they have
hostile inte'nTlons. Tho facts le.
main thoySjaye entered In largo
numbers. Itfis llot denied that the
Japanc-o inlawnli would constitute
n grave menace lu tho event of war.
No spcclaiJIstregs l)as been laid
iiK)n Increased appropriations for
fortlfylnc Pearl harbor because nl
apprehenslonfthnt war with Japan Is
Imminent. Tho crisis Is so near at
hand that?"auJjKuldltlon or Improve,
ment could ,rbeJ made to the fortifica
tions beforcSitH development.
The letter pJSsecretary Taft to the
senate appropriations committee was
written ns ajmutter of routine. Ho
nsked the house committee to allow
$300,000 forhis public work. He
was slven 6nm $100,000. He strong,
ly advised tliejscnato committee to
Increase thlsjhmount as It was lnad.
equate to carry out the plans now
"War wltlijg&apan i3 inevitable.
It will not come today nor tomor
row, but sooner or later, a test" of
strength wHfJfcome on the question
of which riatio'n shall control tho
Pacific. ThiiJJFnct is realized by the
leading members of the prcsldontV
administration Consequently (he
policy is tpShape matters to meet
tho crisis whonjlt arrives."
Tills statement was mado to a
correpondentKotiay t,y one of tho
men who waSJcallod to tho "White
House late ."Wednesday afternoon to
dlsjus teh Japanese matters with
the prcslddntKThosc present were
the presldentfflSecrctary Root, Sec.
rotary Metcaifjand all tho members
of tho California delegation in con.
gres, save Ropjesentativo McLach
lan. Thcro fr'as a frank exchange
of views, in wliich tho" possibility of
serious troublo JAvjth, Japan was dls.
cussed, as weljjasTkthe stepi that
should hi taken ipi'a'verL conflict,"
nnd, at the same.t.lme, prepare the
country against attack.
Tho war fever has extended to
military men. Forhiips thoy arc en.
couraglng It In order to offect pond
ing army and navy appropriation
legislation. They' are telling con.
gressmen that on tho declaration of
war, Japan would seize t ho. Philip,
pines, take Hawaii and ''try to oc-
'cupy Alaska. With the -Philippines
onco lu the possession of,(itho Jap.
nneso. It Is asserted by military nil.
thorltles that a navy would have
to bo built up to rctaWltand that
this would prolong tho strugglo any-
where front two to-five yjnrs.
u : .,. t:. s . i
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'''tlWK M &W ...-.-- ..."-- ..
SIR ALFRED JONES JUSTIFIES
SWETTENHAM IN HIS MOVE
PRESIDENT AND MRS.
Washington, Feb. l.-.'l'ho Presl.
dent nnd -Mrs. Roosevelt held tho
third state iceeptloii of tlio winter
last night with tho members of con
gress as the guests of honor.
Tho President anil Mrs. Roosevelt
wore assisted In receiving tho guests
by Mrs. Root, .Mrs. Shaw, Mr.
Taft, Mis. Metcalf, Mrs. llonnpnrte,
Mrs. Cortclyou and Mrs. Straus.!.
Tho White House was brilliantly
Illuminated and decorated with
palms polled plants and cut How.
An Earthquake Completely
Changes the Face of the
San Francisco, February 1. U.
I. Moore, who arrived from Samoa
on the Mcnnicr Sierra, yesterday,
brings (lie i'iit definite news of an
earthquake of tremendous violence
wliich look place on the Salomon
ilands some mouths api. The infor
mation wa brought, to Apia by a
The upheaval was ,o violent Ihal
the eiilho iface of (he Mauds ii
changed. (Ircnl gnrgi's, weru lorn in
the land and niouiU.iius leveled.
LADY CUTHBERT IS
SHOT BY HER HUSBAND
London, Fob. 1. Lady Dorothy
Cuthbert met with a tragic death at
the hands of her hit-baud during a
pheasant sho'H at Hcaufrout castle,
I i no victim was otuy iwo yuniH
distant from licr husband, Captain
James Harold Cuthbert, when his
gun wns accldently dlseharged, tho
i chnrge entered her bend, and sho
'fell dead. on tho spot,
j Lady Dorothy wax n daughter of
the present Karl of Staflord.
He Says the Governor General was Asleep When
Davis Arrived and the Request for Aid
Came From an Underling'.
Sir Alfred Also Explains His Action While His Vessel was
at Kingston He Says Over Two Hundred Injured Were
Treated Aboard His Vessel and Everything Possible
was Done to Relieve the Sufferings of the Refugees.
MriMol, Kngla.id, February L
A desperate attempt to whitewash
Swcllciiliam for his cour-o in order
ing the Aineni-nn warships from
Kingston nfter the recent carlh
rpinke. was made today by Sir Al
fied Jones nnd members of his par
ty who were in the earlluiuakc and
who arrVved here on tbo leainer
from Port King-ton. Alfred nl-o
iiieil to vindicate liim-elf and parly
from the cbnri.cs (hat Ihey had
aclcd cruelly low aid the injured
"We did everything possible for
the wounded." said Alfred. ''Over
two hundred wen treated 'aboard
SHAW SAYS CURRENCY IS
ENTIRELY TOO INELASTIC
Missouri Society in New York City Gives its Annual Din
ner With Secretary Shaw of the Treasury as its Prin
ciple Guest-He Claims the Bill Providing-, fqra ;
Credit Currency will Prove Defective' ' '
New Yorlc, Keb. I. -The Missouri
society of Now York city gave its
annua) dinner at tho Waldorf-Astoria
hotel last nlgnt. The principal
guest of honor was Secretary of the
Treasury Leslie M. Shaw. Secretary
Shaw spoke on "Pending I'limnclal
He ".lid In pait:
"ll.e only weakness In our cur.
leney Is want of clitbtlclty.
"Ctedlt currency, by which 1 mean
currency against which no collateral
Is demnnded, Is tho only elastic cur
teucy known lo man. Much has
been said In favor of the adoption or
n system of credit currency lu this
country If we were creating a new
system, I am Inclined to think It
would bo tho ono adopted.
I "There are several reasons, how
ever, why the system must not bo
adopted in its eutlictly in this conn.
'try and every reaon for safcgttnrd.
Ing In several ways whatever issuo
'tuny bo authoiizcd.
Tho bill recently reported from
tho commltteo on banking and cur
rency of tlTe house nuthorlcd tt mux-
mum issuo of a fraction over $200,.
.000,000. If every national bank In
tho United States should avail Itself
of this now privilege and If tho an.
thorlzeJ Isuo should provo relatively
as response to the changing needs
TT . , , . , ,
Hamsburg Swept by Flames
Which do Much Damage
Iliirrishtirg, l'ti IVbruary I.
One opera bouse destroyed, two ho
lds, wrecked, nimUicr llieattu dam
aged, a bank htiJdiug damaged,
and a number of small establish
ments woui gulu-d in n million
dollar I'iro whic.i visited Harris-
mrg during tbo cnily hours today.
The lire .started in l'yno nnd
company's hat storo in tlio base
ment of tho oper.t bouse, and
spread rapidly. Heveral stores ad
join'jng tho l'nrk hotel wero gut
ted. The flames crossed tho streot
and nit nicked iho Columbus hotel
lite l'ort King-Ion, Wc weie finally
compelled (o put the injured on Iho
Jelly because of overcrowding, as;
there was no iiioji, aboard for the
"Swettoiilinni :is a fine man and
controlled I lie .situation from the
start, lie did viely in ordering
Davis (o leave. AVhen warships ar
rived. Davis sent word to Swettoii
linni :il;ing if armed help was
wauled, wclti'iiliiim wa asleep and
I ' 'i"it fine1 o, policn rcl!cd
a i v . aiiii. Whi'i- Swellenhani
l.'iu -J 'I lb' he Hirhily declared
I 'i ii. uriii'il l'ireii:n Nnilois
' ' ! i i-e"ii.iii mi llritish .soil
nn' ' .! tin' Americans off.
of business as does the credit cttr
ioncy of Canada, thorn would bo
an annua! contraction of about $G0,
000,000 In bank currency between
the maximum Issue In tho fall nud
the minimum Issue of midsummer
ami a corresponding $,"0,000,000 In.
cren-e In bank note circulation when
the crop moving period arrived.
"This llfty million increase In na
tional bank notes would bo equiva
lent to n deposit in national bank
depositaries of twolve' and ono.half
millions from the treasury. I be.
Hove the proposed measure wholly
"I am strongly In favor of the ls
suanco of a volume of bank note
circulation in excess of the par valuo
of tho bonds deposited. 1 am not.
how-over, in favor of a separate and
distinct kind of currency. in my
Judgment this additional circulation
should be guaranteed by the govern
ment and tho fact recorded on tho
present bank no to to the effect that
the same Is secured by a deposit of
government bonds should be elimin
ated and In lieu thereof the note
should contain tho following: 'This
noic Is guaranteed by the United
"Tho smallest thinkable tax on
this additional circulation would af.
ford abundant protection to tho
wliich was badly damaged. All
guesl, of the hotels escaped unin
jured. The chief r.., was in Iho
RURAL GUARD IiN
CUBA TO BE INCREASED
Washington, Feb. 1. As a icsiilt
lof a conference nt the White House
'yesterday, between tho president.
Secretary Taft and General Bell,
chief of staff, an order has been Is-
sued directing an increase of tbo
rural guard of Cuba from 0000 to
Tho purposo In to avoid increasing
the number of American troops In
tho Island, as originally intended,
tho native gunrds being mora no.
ceptablo to tlio pcoplo,
TWELVE OF A BRITISH
CREW LOST IN WRECK
London, I' eh. . Twenty-four
(members of lite crew of the Brit
ish steamer, Ciuvriug, wero rpscucd
today from the Vessel which wns
blb-uii ashore off! Tees last night.
Twolvo of the crow, pprishod. Tho
steamei' :? qojng to pieces.