Newspaper Page Text
i A TDTT
-1 il -J-lLiL
JAS. REED & SON, Publishers- . Independent in all things. 82 in Advance.
: . . 1 ' i - -- .
Vol. XXV, Xo. 4i. ; ASHTABULA, OHIO, SATUKDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1874. Whole Number 1292.
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
One Inch in space makes Square.
i sqx 8 sqs
f 1 .ij fi.0)
1 Week.. $1.00,
5.ui s oul 8.00
9 00; 12.00 15.0U;
18 00 15 0O-J0.O0
8 weeks .
1 mon 10 . 2.5"
i months S.ixt,
1 year.. ..
IS.OOiil 00 33.90
UM'Si 00 45.00
IS. 0(1 16.(10,
Local Notices. 18 cents per line.
Deaths and Man iae inserted gratis.
Transient Adretisements to be paid for invana-
Yearly advertisers will be charged extra for Dis
solution ana other notices, not cuui"-"
their regular business.
Business Cards, $1 dollar a .year per Una.
Administrators' aad Executors' Notices charged
i. All other Legal Advertisement charged 75
cents per squire each insertion.
A. II- 4c E. W. SAVA.UK dealers in choice
Family Groceries and Provision, also, pure Con
fectionery, and tbe finest brands of Tobacco and
Cigars. . 1
S B. WELLS, Produce and Commission Mer
chant, for the purchase and sale of Western Ke
erve Butter. .Cheese and Dried Fruits. .
Alain street. Ashtabula, Ohio. 13
Staple iry uroods, Family Groceries, and Crock
ery. South Store, Clarendon Block, AshtabaJa,
GILKE.Y 6c PEBUV, Dealers in Dry Goods,
Groceries, Crockery and Glass-Ware, next
door north of Fisk House. Main st. Ashtabula,
J. M. FAULKNEK 6c SOW, Dealer In
Groceries, Provisions. Flour, Feed, Foreign and
Domestic Fruits, Salt, Fish, Plaster. liter
Lime, Seeds &c. Main street. Ashtabula, Ohio.
W. REDHEAD, DealerinF'.our.Po'k, Hams,
Lard, and all kind of Fish. Also, all kinds of
Family Groceries,Fruits and Confectionery.
Ale and Domestic Wines.
BOBEBTMN 6c B., Dealers in
every description of Boots, Shoes, Hats and caps.
Also, on hand a stock of choice Family Grocer
es. Main street, corner of Centre, Ashtabula,
D. W. HASKELL, Corner Spring and Main
its. Ashtabula, Ohio, Dealers dn Dry-Good
Groceries Crockery, Ac, &e. nj
Dry Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes, Hats,
Caps, Hardware, Crockery. Books. Paints. Oils
&c ' 1231 Ashtabula O.
MARTIN SEWBEB BV, Druggist and
Apothecary, andgcnral dealer in Drugs, Medi
cines, Winss and Liquors for medical purpose.
Fancy and Toilet Goods, Maine street, corner or
CrfABLliSE. SWIFT, Ashtabula, Ohio,
Dealer in Drags and Medicines, Groceries, Per
fumery and Fancy Articles, superior Teas, Cof
fee, Spices, Flavoring Extracts, Patent Medi
cines of every description. Paints. Dyes, Var
nishes, Brushes, FancySoaps, Hair Restoratives.
Hair Oils, Ac. all of which will be sold at the
lowest prices. Prescriptions prepared with
suitable care. 095
CEoBGE W1LL1RD, Dealer In Dry
Goods, Groceries, Hats, Caps, Boots, Shoes, Cro-
ckery. Glass Ware. Also, wholesale and retail
dealer in Hardware, Saddlery, Nails, Iron, Steel,
Drujs, Medicines, Paints. Oils, Dyestufis, Ac,
Miin St. Ashlabuta. 1095
Prop. This House has just been thoroughly ren
ovated and refurnished. Livery and Omnibns
line connected with the House. 1261
AMEUirA HOUSE, T. N. Booth Propri
etor, south side af the i. S. A M. 8. station.
This House has re ently been refitted and im
proved, and offers pleasant, sub tantial and con
venient accommodations to persons stopping
overnight, or for a meal, or for those from the
interior, wishing stable accommodation for
teams. The House is orderly, with prompt at
tention to guests, and good table and lodg
FISK HOUSE, Ashtabula, Ohio, A. Field,
Propria or. An Omnibus running to and from
every train of c irs. Also, a good livery-stable
kept in connection with this house, to convey
passengers-to any point. 1251
D. K. K KtliKV, successor to G. W.
Kelson, Main Street, Ashtabula. O. '87
p. E. HALL, Dentist, Ashtabula,. O.
fttnxffOmce Center street, between Main and
Park. : 104S
W.T. WALLACE, D. . 8. Ashtabula, O.is
prepared to attend to all operations in his pro
fession. He makes a speciality of "Oral Sur
gery" and saving tbe natural teeth. Office
and residence on Elm St., former residence ol
Maj. Hubbard. 1851
GEO. W. DlCKIiOX, Jeweler. Repairing
of all kinds of Wathces, Clocks and Jewelry.
Store in Ashtabula Honse Block, Ashtabula, O.
IA.T1ES K. STEBBINS, Dealer in Watch-
es. Clocks. Jewelry, Silver and Plated Ware.
. Ac Repairing of all kinds done well, and all
orders promptly attended to. Main Street. Ash
tabnla Ohio. 1261
J. S. ABBOTT. Dealer in Clocks, Watches-
Jewelry, etc. Engraving; Mending and Re-,
pairing done to order. Shop on Main street.
Conneaut, Ohio. 838
JOHN DI'CKO, Manufacturer of, and
Dealer inPumiture of the best descriptions,and
every variety. Also General Undertaker, an d
Manufacturer of Comns to order. Main street.
North ot. South Public Square, Ashtabula.
TINKER, GREGORY Manufacturers of
Stoves, Plows and Columns, Window Caps and
Sills, Mill Castings, Kettles, Sinks, Sleigh
Shoes, Ac, Pinenix Foundry, Ashtabula, 0. 1091
ATTORNEYS AND AGENTS.
W. II. HUBBARD. Attorney and Counsel
or at Law oince oyer Newberry's Drug Store,
Ashtabula, Ohio will practice in all the courts
of the State, Collecting and Conveyancing
made a specialty. " "' 1227
SHERMAN dc H ALL, Attorneys and Coun
selors at Law, Ashtabula, O., will practice in
the Courts of Ashtabula, Lake and Geauga.
Labax S. Shibxam, ' Thiodobe Hall.
EDWARD H. FITCH, Attorney and Coun
aellorat Law, Notary Public, Ashtabula, Ohio.
Special attention given to the Settlement of Es
tates, and to Conveyancing and Collecting. Al-
. so to all matters arising under the Bankru p
I. O. FISHER, Justice of the Peace and
Agent for the Hartford, Sun, A Franklin Fire
Insurance Companies. Omce over J. P. Rob
ertson'a Store. Main St. Ashtabula. O. Ill
CHARLES BOOTH, Attorney and Coun
sellor at Law, Ashtabula, Ohio. ' l'tOA
CROSBY WETHER WAX, dealers iu
Stoves, Tin-Ware, Hollow-Ware, Shelf Hard
ware, Glass-Ware, Lamps and Lamp-Trimmings,
Petroleum, Ac, opposite the Fisk House,
Ashtabula. r 991
' Also: a full stock of Paints, oils, Varnishes.
' Brashes. Ac. 1851
GEORGE C. HUBBARD, Dealer in Hard
ware, Iron, Steel and Nails. Stoves, Tin Plate,
Sheet Iron. Copper and Zinc, and manufac
turer of Tin Sheet Iron and Copper Ware.
Fisk's Block Ashtabula, Ohio. 1005
F. D. CASE, Physician and Surgeon, office
over D. W. Haekeil's store, corner oi'Spring and
Main Sts., Ashtabula. Ohio. VMM
H. H. BAHTLEXT, M. D. Homnpathic
Physician and Surgeon, (successor to Dr.
Moore,) office No. 1 Main street. Residence in
Bhepard's building, first door south of office.
DR. O. S MAR f IN, HomcBpathic Physician
add Surgeon', respectfully asks a share of the
patronage of Ashtabula and vicinity. Office
and residrnoa in Smith's new block, Centre
OR. E. L. KING, fhysiclan and Surgeon,
oflaa over Hendry A King's store, residence
Aear St.Peter's Chureh. Ashuhula..O kH)l
BB9.IL C. RICKARD. Millhiery A Dress
making. - A choice lot of Millinery goods and
me latest styles or lAdies and cnuaren s rat
. terns. Shop and salesroom over Ralph A Burn-
ham's store. Main St., Ashtabula. O. Iyl289
Q. C. 'CUEXBIT, Manufacturer , of Lath,
Siding. Mouldings, Cheese Boxes. Ac. Planlnir.
Matching, and Scrowl Sawing done on the
snortewt notice, ouop on nam street, oppo
site. the Upper farK, Asnubula. Ohio. 4411
FRENCH tc WEIBLEN M nufartcrern a
Cellars In all kinds of Leather in demand in this
market opposite Pho;nlx roundery, AsbUhn
UDY A REEVES, Dealers in Granlteand
Marble Monuments. Grave Stones, Tablets. Man
teis. Grates, Ac. Building stone. Flagging and
, ) tubing cut to ordor. Yard on Center street
ASHTABULA NATIONAL BANK,
Ashtabu a. Ohio U. tAm. Pres t. J.
Sen BLTTB.Cashier. Aalhortzed Capital, $200.
000. Cash Capital pi'd in $100,000. H. Fassett,
J B. C'aosar. C. E. Banc a, H J. Nettxbtom,
b'.Nelus. W. IIckphret. E. O. Warkeb,
M. . lick, t. it. good. Directors. 104
p. C. FORD, Manuiactnrer and Dealer in Sad-
llqrnM. 14 -wl I .. Vnin.
tc, opposite Fisk Honse, Ashtabula, Ohio. 1015
1 9 7 BUILDING LOT FOR SALE I
Dearer in Water Lime, Stncco. Lanu rir,
Ueal Estate and Loan Agent Ashtabula Oepot.
1J09. WILLIAM HUMPHREY.
EDGAR HALL, Fire and Life Insnranceand
RealEstate Agent. Alto. Notary Public and Con
veyancer. Office over Sherman and Ball Law
Office, Ashtabula, Ohio.
GRAND RIVER INSTITUTE, at Austin
burgh Ashtabula Co., Ohio. J. Tnckerman, A.
M Principal. Winter Term begins Tuesday,
nii M Send for Catalogue. 114Stf
mi wuArfi Paint., Ml. rir And
Paper Hanger. All work done with neatness
2 . .-.M VTH Inunt fn- h f.lVerDOOl.
Loodon A Giobe Insurance Co. Caehapeeti over
BLAKESLEE & MOORE, Phtf8
and dealer in Pictures, Engravings. """"i
Ac having a large supply of M0"'
ous descriptions,is prepared ,fm i,yi;Sf
in the picture line, atshortnotic. and inthe
best style. Second floor of the Hall store nd
door South of Bank Maun street. ""4
WALTON & TALBEBT, manufactur rs
of and dealers in all grades oi Saginaw Luuieer,
Lath, and Shingles; also, mouldings of allbde
JAMES REED 6c SON ,Plain and Ornament
al Job Printers, ana general Biaiioners. opeti
mens of Printing and prices for the same sent
on application. Office corner Main and Spring
streets, ABhtabula, O. 1260
NOTARY PUBLICS, ETC.
JOHN H. SHERMAN, Notary Public and
Attorney ana iautoui.;
keil's Block. Main St.. Ashtabula. O. law
EDWARDG. PIERCE Dealers in
HatB Caps, and Gents" Furnishing Goods, Ashta
GEO. W. W A I T E, Wholesale and Re
' tail Dealers, n Ready Made Clothing. Furnish
ing Goods Hats. Caps, v-c. Ashtabula 1251
WM. ROSS, House, Sign and Carriage paint
ing eraining and paper hanging Shop on Cen
tre street, near J. P. Robertson's store. All
work warranted. Ordeis left with Robertson
or Newberry will meet prompt attention. 1268
DR. MORRIS CROHN, Veterinav Snr
geon.will practice within forty miles of Jefferson
Horses left at my own stable, will be well cartd
for. Charges reasonable. ,
Jetterson June 12th 1874. 12T0tf
ASHTABULA YOUNGSTOWN &
CONDENSED TIME TABLE-May 1, 1874.
BUHNIKe SOUTH. I BDHMTHO HOKTH.
, MUM B BR8 ,
a 4 e
7 oo a 40
7 07 48
7 12 2 62 ...
7 24 8 05
7 81 8 12
7 42 8 23
7 63 S 84 ......
8 03 t 45
8 06 8 49
8 19 4 00
8 85 4 15 ... .
8 44 4 23 ...
8 49 4 28
8 56 4 S3
9 06 4 43
18 4 55 A. M.
9 23 6 01 5 40
88 6 17 5 55
9 52 6 80 6 08
10 01 6 41 6 17
10 10 6 60 6 25
2 25 11 15 9 40
P. X. F. X. A. X.
1 3 5
p. x. p. x.
12 45 8 40
12 87 8 32
12 81 8 28
12 18 8 14
12 10 8 08
11 69 7 67
11 47 1 46
11 36 7 84
11 32 7 80
II 21 7 18
11 06 7 03
10 57 6 64
10 61 6 48
10 45 6 42 ... .
10 34 80
10 23 15 a. X
10 20 6 00 8 40
10 05 6 45 8 24
62 5 80 8 09
9 43 5 17 7 58
9 85 5 06 7 60
(I 15 1 00 4 25
A. X. P. X. P. X.
L. 8. A M. 8. Cr
.. Bloomfleld. .
A. a G.W. Cros.
All trains daily, except Sunday.
F. R. MYERS, Gen. Pass, a Ticket Agent,
CONDENSED TIME TABLE-May 1, 1874. L. S. & M. S.-FRANKLIN DIVISION.
From and after June 22, 1874, Passenger Trains
will run a follows :
No. 2 No.4, No.8
Oil City East.,
z Oil City. West
A a G W Cross.,
z Andover .
Trains stop only on Signal. xTrains do not
Stop. zTelegraph Stations. Cleveland Time.
The Way Freight trains stop at Jefferson in
going West, at 8.42 P.M., and going East at 7.41
A, Ml These trains carry passengers.
Passenger fate at the rate of 8 cents per mile ;
to way stations counted in even half dimes.
P X P X
9 42 7 45
9 26 7 28
9 00 7 io
ax p x
ERIE RAIL WAY.
Abstract of Time Table Adopted June 15,
PULLMAN'S best Drawing-room
and Sleeping Coaches, combining all
modern improvements, are run through on all
trains from Buffalo, Suspension Bridge, Niagara
Falls, Cleveland and Cincinnati to New York,
making direct connection with all lines of for
eign and coastwise Bteamers, and also with
sound Steamers and railway lines for Boston and
other New England cities.
8 35 a h
1 06 p.m.
6 87 "
4 85 "
4 45 "
6 20 "
6 87 "
8 10 "
11 18 "
12 25 ax
t8 60 !'
1 85 1'
6 00 x
7 87 "
6 00 "
m 55 "
9 06 "
11 60 px
10 08 "
10 88 "
8 05 i
11 14 " . 9 as
6 58 " '
7 86 '
11 46 AKil0 04
12 26 PX1IO68
10 02 4 x
2 80 pm
10 48 ax
4 45 '
7 00 ""
11 42 .,
12 00 X.
148 p x
7 65 Fx! 7 40
6 00 AM,' 6 00P.X
No. , Special New Yobk Express leaves Clif
ton 7 00 A. M., Suspension Bridge 7 05. Niagara
Fall 7 10. Buffalo 7 40, ilornelnille 10 55, Corning
12 11 P. M.
Arrives at Elmlra 1 41 P. M Blngbamton 42.
t Rcjquehanna 3 80. Hancock 4 54. Port Jervis 7 26
Middletown 8 1. Patterson 10 05, Newark 11 17.
Jersey City 10 42. New York 10 66:
Daily., t Meal Stations- -'- -
f"r tickets by way of Erie Railway,
ror sale at all the princiual Ticket Offices.
Jho. N. Abbott, Gen. Pas. Agent.
Dealer in SASH. DOORS A BTTKmo .iM
Window and Door Frame, mlde toSrdir?
Special agent for the sale of
COMPODND SASH LOCK.
CP-Cull and examine my Stock and Pric h.
fore purchasing elsewhere. a rr,ce 6e'
Office opposite A., Y. A P. Depot. 2fltl287
Residence for Sale.
TlIE lalft rpsidnnpA nf tlio T? T
M. Gillette, on Lake Street, will be sold very
BY CHARLES S. DICKENSON.
When the lessons and tasks are all ended.
And Ibe scliool ttr tbe day is dismissed
And Ibe little ones ealher around me
To liid me good nibt and be kised ;
Ob, tlie little wbite arms that encircle
Mr nck in a tender embrace!
Ob the smile s tbnt nre halosof heuven.
Sending sunshine of love io my face.
And when they are (rone I sit-dreaming
Of my childhood too lovely to last ;
Of love tbat my lieart will rememlwr.
When il wakes to lb puis of the past.
Ere tbe world and its wickedness made
A partner of sorrow and sin,
When the glory of God was about me.
And the glory t God within.
Oh, my heart grows as weak as a wo
man's. And the fountains of feeling will flow,
When I think of "the paths, sleep, ami
Where tbe feet of the d-ar ones mils! go
Of t lie fountains of sin banking O'-'r ilieiu,
Ol tbe tempest of late blowing wild;
Ob, there's nothing on earth It -If so holy
As Ilia innocent lieart of a child !
They are idols of hearts and household ;
1 bey are angels ot God in disguise ;
And His sunlight still sleeps in their tres
And His glory still gleams in their eyes. .
Oh, those truants from home ami Irora
They have made me more manly and
And I kuow how our Savior oould lik'-n
Tbe kingdom of God to a child.
1 ask not a life for the dear ones,
All radiant, .s others have done.
But that life may have just enough shad
dow To temper the glare of the sun ; .
I would pray God to guard them from
But my prayer would bound back to
myself : . -
Ah, a seraph may pray for a sinner.
liut a sinuer must pray lor uiuiseii.
Tin lu-iir ia en pjicilv lipnrlrrl.
I have banished the rule and the rod ;
I have taught (hem tbe goodness of
They have laustht me the goodnessof
My In-art is a dungeon of darkness.
Where 1 shut them from breaking it
My frown is sufficient correction.
My love i the law of the choolr
I shall leave thw old bouse in the au
To traverse the threshold no more ;
Ah, how shall I sigh lor the dear ones,
That meet me each morn at the door.
I shall miss 1 he "good nights" and the
And tbe gush of their innocent glee.
The gioup on the green, and the flowers
That are brought every morning to me.
I shall miss Ihein at morn and at evening
Their song in the school and the street :
I shall miss the low bum of their voices,
Aud the tap of their delicate feet.
When the lessons and tasks ore all ended.
And death says "the school is dismissed!"
May the little ones gather around me.
To bid me good night and be kissed.
THE WHITEWASH BRUSH.
The whitewash brush, (he whitewash
Is greater than Allah, greater than Josh ;
In letters and science, in commerce and
It plays its wondrous, powerful part ;
Aye1 all its haughty compeers are bosh.
Compared with the mighty whitewash
Commanded by influence or gold.
Is the protector ot young and old.
Every department of modern life
r... : 1 1 .:r..
Efeccttmg wiiij v iua.euu.esa niiu btiue,
Soeietv. nolitics. relit'ion Hnsli I
They are a41 safe beneath the whitewash
Scandal and gossip, the signs of our time,
Pttty sin and unheard of crime :
Judge and president, priest and flock,
May boldly at public opinion mock ;
Whatever the peril, let them rush.
And hide in the shade of the whitewash
With a few quick strokes it covers shames
Paiuts all luirly tbe blackest of names :
Investigations it renders short,
With a Inendly committee s swift report :
Arid behplc, instead of the sinner's crush,
A coat laid on by the - whitewash brush.
All other emblems, then, let us lav down.
The cross and the sword, the mine and
Nor learning, nor justice, nor faith shall
To take for their standard a signlike this
Without a scruple, without a blush.
The gilded sign tf a whitewash brush !
THE FANNING MILL.
BY B. F. TAYLOR.
thor to L. IL Crosby, it should be read withtha.
idea in mind, hereabouts :
Hang up the flails by the big barn door!
Bring out the mill of the one-boy powerl
coining at an out a oreeze in a box,
Clumsy and red it rattles and rocks,
Sieves to be shaken and hopper to feed,
A Cbinflman's hat turned upside down,'
The grain slips through at a hole in the
Out with the chaff and in with the antxvif
The crank clanks round with a boy's quick
The fan flies fast till it fills the mill
With its breezy vanes, as-the whirled
In an open book when the gust goes by,
And the Jerky jar and the zig-zag jolt
Of the shaken sieves and the jingling bolt.
And the grate of cogs and the axle's clank
And the rowlock jog of the crazy crank,
And the dusty rush of tbe gusty chaff
The worthless wreck of the harvest's raff
And never a lull, the brisk breeze blows
From the troubled grain its tattered
Till tumbled and tossed it downward goes
The rickety route by the rackety stair,
Clean as tbe sand thai the ajmoon snows,
And drifts at last in a bank so fair
You know you have fonnd the Answered
DIFFERENCES OF HABITS BETWEEN GERMANS
DIFFERENCES OF HABITS BETWEEN GERMANS AND AMERICANS-THE CAUTIONS.
ECONOMICAL MANNER IN WHICH GERMANS
ECONOMICAL MANNER IN WHICH GERMANS CONDUCT BUSINESS-HOW GERMAN
MANUFACTURES HAVE BEEN DEVELOPED
GERMAN BOYS NOT ALLOWED TO RUN
LOOSE, BUT BOUND OUT AS APPRENTICES
LOOSE, BUT BOUND OUT AS APPRENTICES TO TRADES-MECHANICAL LABOR CONSIDERED RESPECTABLE AND GENTEEL.
RESPECTABLE AND GENTEEL
SENSIBLE MODE OF LIFE AT THE GERMAN
GAMBLING, EITHER PROFESSIONAL OR
GAMBLING, EITHER PROFESSIONAL OR BUSINESS-A NATION THAT KNOWS HOW
TO DRINK WITHOUT BECOMING DRUNK
Correspondence of the Chicago Tribune.
WIESBADEN, Germany, Aug. 22, '74.
difference between the Ger
mans and Americans is more mark
ed and striking in the social and bu
siness habits than in the political
system. The Americans boast of
being a "fust" people; the Germans
take a pride in being considered
"slow" slow as distinguished from
rashness, recklessness, or impulsive
ness. In everything they do there
CERTAIN METHODICAL DELIBERATION,
and careful calculation of conse
quences, and results, greatly lacking
in American character. They rare
ly take "leaps in the dark," or aot
on first thoughts or- impulses; but
wait for the sober, second thought,
by sleeping over' any proposition,
schome, or business undertaking, in
volving risk of chenee. The bag-
lent among Americans as to amoum
to a national characteristic, is scarce
ly known inall this unimpnlsive, cir
cumspect, impressive country. 1 nis
is strikingly exemplified in mercan
tile life. German merchants con
duct their business with an economy
and caution which would surprise
our dealers. In the first place, they
make it a rule to purchase or keep
on hand comparatively small stocks
of goods. They .buy largely for
cash, and ask or receive but little
credit. If capital is small, the stock
of goods bought is in proportion ti
their means. They sell for cash.
There is very little "trust" sought
by customers or given by tradesmen.
The people themselves, decline go
ing into debt at the groceries, butch
er shops, bakeries, or stores. There
is nothing that a German familydis
likcs more than to be in debt, and
it is uneasy aud unhappy until the
debt is liquidated. They all seek
to have a bag of silver, as an Irish
man would say, "to the fore," or
what an Englishman calls a "peuny
laid up for a rainy day." ,
IT IS A RAKE EVENT
for a German merchant to fail or be
forced into bankruptcy; especially
retail dealers; and when it does oc
casionally happen, it bears small
comparison iu completeness and
magnitude; with the failures of al
most daily occurrence, in our happy
and highly favored land. The rea
sons are, as before stated, an. almost
total abstinence of the speculative,
reckless gambling spirit which actu
ates American business men and is
shown iu purchasing comparatively
little on credit, selling goods for
cash, and hence avoidance of bad
debts and many unnecessary losses;
and, lastly, close personal attention
to business, strictest economy in
expenses and style of family living
ami expenditure in exact consonance
wiih their net profit and income.
The German merchant borrows .
much less than the American, from
the banks, in proportion to the ex
tent of the stock of goods he carries,
because he puts a larger per cent,
of his own capital into the business,
and sells comparatively little on
credit; hence he has but iittle inter
est to pay. His standing rule is,
either to have his goods on his
shelves, or in his pocket in theshape
of money.' Fires are so rare in Ger
many, on account of the careful man
ner in which houses are constructed
and fires are watched, that
INSURANCE 18 MERELY NOMINAL
and a merchant is rarely burnt out
or disturbed by tires. Insurance
companies in Germany make it a rule
not to pay more than two thirds to
three-fourth of the .value of the
the property consumed the ob-
jectbeing to secure the utmost
care and vigilance on the part or
the insured, and to prevent and
repress all tendency to incendiary
fires. The limited liability is a stip
ulation in the policies. It works
well. . .
From those two causes the rari
ty of fires and the lightness cf in-surance-the
German merchant avoids
the heavy expense and continual
danger to wh;ch the American trades ;
man is ever subjected. Insurance
is an enormous and ever-devouring 1
bill of expense to the business man :
in the United States ' and contrib
utes as much towards eventual
bankruptcy, perhaps as any other
cause, unless it be the practice of.
selling goqcU at retail on credit,
which have not been purchased for
cash at' wholesale. Mercantile bu
siness in Germany is conducted on
such principles that it is attended
with commparatively little
RISK OR CHANCE OP FAILURE;
and, when dealers do happen to "go
under," it is in consequence of some
exceptional cause, or utter, unfitness
for his occupation. ".
What is here said, of the class of
middlemen applies equally to the
class of manufacturers, and to me
chanics who have set up in business
on their own account. They never
involve themselves -in debt by buy
ing large quantises of raw materi
als, and manufacturing them on spec
ulation, and selling them over the
country on credit, through drum
mers and commission agents, who
absorb the major part of the profits
on the sales. German manufacturers
would regard this as a most danger
ous and reckless mode of doing bu
siness. The capital invested in man
ufacturing in this country is mainly
"paid up." Stock-watering is but
little indulged in or understood.
Borrowing from the banks is prac
ticed sparingly and cautiously, in
order to escape the expense of inter
est, but especially to avoid being iq
debt, which is a German's particu
lar dread. Th$ consequence is, that
GROW LIKE FOREST OAKS,
slowly, but surely, and pass down
from father to sous for many gen
erations such a thing as failure
being almost unknown. They do
not depend upon the subsidies of a
protective tariff, and therefore they
stand on solid foundations. Not
being abnormally stimulated by pro
tective bounties at the expense of
the community, their works are con
ducted prudeutly and economically,
and production is not overdone, or
wastefully and recklessly perform
ed. The manufacturing " development
of Germany has been of slow but
sure growth, extending 'through
centuries. The Germans we e back
ward in introducing steam-power
and labor-saving machinery de
pending too much on hand skill,
cheap labor and plodding industry.
But the English, who adopted steam
power early and extensively, and labor-saving
implements when possi
ble, steadily drove the German man
ufacturers out of the field they had
formerly supplied, and pressed them
to the wall at all points by the un
equal competition of steam 'against
man power. This competitive pres
sure caused the Germans to do what
they always do when surpassed by
other nations in any direction; to
substitute a critical inquiry into tho
the cause, and to devise a remedy
to remove the evil. In thi cttse
SOON DISCOVERED THE SECRET
of England's niouuincturing uupTOin-
acy, viz,: steani-engmes, coiisuni)
lion of coal, plentiful use of iron atu
steel, and the substitution of labor
saviug, steam propelled machinery
for the old slow and expensive meth
ods of hand manipulation. Imme
diately the Germans commenced tt
open up the coal and iron mines, oi
which they have immense bed?, to
erect smelting works of the latest
and best kind, to build engines by
the thousand and set them at work,
and to adopt the best labor-saving
methods of manufacture in use, ei
ther in Great Britain or the United
States. Within ten years past the
progress in those directions havt
been immense, and each year the ad
vancement is greater than that which
preceeded it. With this vast increase
of machinery and rapid develope
nient of mines came an increased
demand for labor at higher wages
than ever before paid. The English
are now being
STEADILY PUSHED OUT OF THE MAR-
from whjch they had dispossessed
the Germans. The London Times,
a few days ago, pointed with bitter
.regret to the large falling off in ex
ports of British manufactures to the
German Empire, amounting in wool
en goods alone, to $15,000,000 du
ring the year ending July 1, 1874.
Most of the railroad iron used in
Germany up to 1870 was imported
Trom England. This importation
has ceased. Germany is now sup
plying her own wants, and filling
large orders iu Russia and Austria.
Her manufactures exported to those
countries, especially to the former,
are competing sharply with those of
The Germans are a na;ion of sys
tematic, -steady workers. A early
everybody labors at some product
ive employment, women, as well as
men. Ihey are not last workers
nothing like as fast as Americans
but they are steadier and more per
severing. They labor more hours
per day, and save their earnings in
the most careful manner. An Amer
ican brick-layer will place in a wall
a third4greater amount of bricks in a
day, than a German bricklayer; but
the latter does his work more con
scientiously. The bricks are better
laid, the house is more endurmgly
built; and the contractor is not con
stantly endeavoring to "slight" his
work, put m bad materials, make a
bill of extras, and cheat the owner
at every step and turn. Cheating,
swindling, and deception, have not
yet been reduced to a tine art, and
are not universally practiced in
(jermany. J. he old national habit
of integrity and honesty still endure
and exhibit but little decay under
the corrupting influences of modern
ihe boys m Germany, after pas
sing their school-age are not turned
loose by their parents to shift for
themselves and live by their wits or
their crimes. If not retained on the
parental farm until they arrive at
tne soldier s age ot twenty years,
BOUND QUT AS APPRENTICES
for five or six vears to learn a trade.
Hundreds of thousands of German
boys are thus bound out to master
workmen. If they wish to become
merchants or bankers, they must
serve their apprenticeship as clerks;
if they desire to enter the professions
or the Civil Service, they must go
through a thorough college-course of
instruction, aud stand their exami
nation, before they can commence
the study of law, medicine, or the
ology, orobtaiu a commission in the
army or a clerkship in a Govern
ment bureau or municipal office.
How many' American boys learn
trades nowadays? How many put
in a faithful apprenticeship of four
or five. years, and . come out skillful
mechanics, fit to be intrusted with
tools? .And why have American
boys almost ceased to learn trades?
Tbe reason is said to be that they no
longer consider it "respectable" or
"genteel" to labor at productive em
ployment for a living! But the young
German has no such false and per
nicious feelings, and consequently
the cities of Germany are not over
run with young men in search of
"genteel employment," such as clerk
ships in dry good stores (which, in
this slow country,- are left to the
women), and who, failing to obtain
it, rapidly degenerate into confidence
men, gamblers, bumniers, and dissi
sipated loafers of every stripe and
If American, society is to be re
formed, and the present frightful
wave of dishonesty sweeping over
the land is to be stayed, one of the
essential things to be done, is to
teach the rising generation that
working with' the hands in product
that mechanical occupations are
"genteel employments"; that clerk
ships in shops and stores are tro
men's work, as much as knitting,
sewing, and cooking, and it is un
generous and unmanly for the male
sex to crowd the female- out of such
employments as are peculiarly
adapted to their strength and tastes.
The feeling in Germany is, that
young fellows have no business to
elbow their sisters out ot light work
on the plea that it is "genteel," and
it is regarded as a very shabby and
unmanly thing to do; and this sen
timent is still more prevalent in
France, where n;ale salesmen, book
keepers, or clerks, are rarely seen or
heard of. Too many men in the
Uuited States are trying to live ''
every device which evades honest
industry ; and therefore it is that the
country is teeming with Hpeculators,
sharpers, office-hunters, suloon-buiii-mers,
loafers, dead beats, lobbyists,
confidence-men, blacklegs, and gam
blers, of every variety degree- of
rascaldom for which there are no
words in tho German language into
which these terms can be translated.
If this breed of unclean birds is ever
to be rescued or extirpated, or if
tllt.re is ever to be any reformation
of American morals and. integrity,
the first step towards that end is
to bind out the surplus boys to mas
TO LEARN USEFUL TRADES.
It is perfectly shameful, the extent
to which foreigners have been al
lowed to monopolize the inuchuuiu-il
oc upations in the United States;
"ui. i no mame rests upon the heads
of. American parents, who have been
carelessly yes, wickedly derelict
m the performance of their duty to
sons in this regard.
If the Grangers are really anxious
to reform the exi iting low standard
of public morals in America, there
is no way by which they can con
tribute so effectually as by keeping
their sons at home on the parental
farm, or binding them out to useful
trades. They must stop sending an
nually, tens of thousands of half ed
ucated, unsophisticated, susceptible
boys to the cities, in search of that
alluring curse of the rising genera
tion, "genteel employment," for it is
the road to perdition for the major
ity of them. The German pioneers
have avoided the dangerous rock on
which American farmers have per
mitted so many of their sons to
make shipwreck of their own future
lives; and the good" effects thereof
are seen in the absence of mercan
tile failures, official dereliction of du
ty, public dishonesty, and general
In nothing perhaps, is the contrast
of German with American social
life and manners more marked than
in their respective.
APPEARANCE AND BEHAVIOR AT THEIR
When the "season" arrives say the
the middle of June all Germaus
who can afford it, or whose healths
require it, begin to move towards
one or the other of their numerous
mineral springs, such as Weisbaden,
Hamburg, Ems, Baden-Baden, Kis
singer, Willsbad, Schlangenbad and
scores of others chiefly along the
foot of theTaunus Mountain range,
in the vicinity Fof rankfort, or fur
ther up the lihine, in the "Black
Forest" couutry of Baden. Instead
of flocking to those watering-places
for a grand carousal and season's
dissipauou, display of diamonds and
silks, and exaggerations of Paris
fashions, they come to spend a few
weeks of restful quiet, retirement
from care and work, and rational
enjoyment. Those who have ail
ments keep the restoration of their
health constantly in view, by bath
ing and drinking the waters, taking
moderate exercise and. amusement,
and freeing their minds from busi
ness thoughts. Over the doors of
some of the cursaals cure-halls
will be found a Latin inscription,
taken from the Roman baths of
Antonius, which may be rendered as
follows: "Ihou shouldst come
hither free from care, if thou
wouldst depart healed of disease,
for here the care-less alone are cur
ed." On this maxim or hint they
act. No German lady, whether
young, middle-aged, or old, goes to
a watering-place with a four horse
wagou load of huge trunks, stuffed
with a wardrobe of costly silks and
satins, feathers and flowers, laces
and jewelry, whereby she may flirt,
and flaunt, and create- an envious
sensation among other foolish female
bipeds. Such ostentatious displays
of toilet variety as are seen at Sara
toga, Long Branch, and other
American watering places,
ARE NEVER WITNESSED
at the German springs. The hus
bands and parents would not toler
ate, nor the ladies think of indulging
in,' such extravagant "dry-goods"
displays. Hence the few bankrupt
cies heard of in Germany, and the
almost total absence of . reports in
their papers of "irregularities, em
bezzlements, defalcations, swindles,
"corner" operations, and desperate
speculative ventures, with which
American journals are continually
The contrast between the German
and American gentlemen at the wa
tering-places of the respective coun
tries is as great as in the case of the
ladies. The quiet, orderly, regular,
rational conduct of the Germans
would be " considered very "slow
living" by American frequenters of
fashionable watering-places; but the
Germans do not go to the springs
to squander their money; to hei at
horseraces, or gambling with cards;
to madden their brain with strong
drinks, and ruin their stomachs with
champagne-suppers; nor to get up
liaisons with other men's flirting
wives, to furnish employment for
divorce-lawyers or sensation for the
newspapers. In all these things the
simple "slow" life of the German at
his watering-place bears little re
semblance to the "fast" life of the
American pleasure-and leisure seek
er at his watering-place. The for
mer burns the candle of life only at
one end the latter at both ends.
THE COST OF LIVING
at German watering-places is much
less than in the hotels of the chief
cities. The aim of landlords is to at
tract as many guests as will fill theii
hostelries, and to induce them to re
main as long as possible, and return
the next season as to an agreeable
home. They do not deem it to their
interest "to make hay while the suu
shines" by fleecing their guests in
every possible way, and encouraging
their servants to require "tips" for
everything they do. The conse
quence is, that a German, when he
goes to tho springs, brings his wife
!nd children along with him, and
settles down for one or two months
of ouiet Jife and freedom from busi
ness ctues. If they tire of one spring
in 'a month, they pack up their mod
erate wardrobe, and take the cars to
another; and, when the season is fin
ished, they return to their home,
healed of ailments, or recuperated in
body and refreshed in mind, after an
expenditure of money but little
greater than if they had remained
at home. Such is the mode of life
of the vast majority of the German
people, who visit the watering places
every summer iu countless thousands.
Formerly,- Beveral of the most no
ted of the German spas were cursed
with gambling establishments, pat
ronized chiefly by French, English,
and Russians. But they are now all
abolished. After Prussia annexed
Nassau and several other petty
States where gambling was licensed
by their Dukes, tho Prussian Parlia
ment, upon the recommendation of
Bismarck, passed an art closing all
of them after a eeitain day, on the
ground of their being immoral insti
tutions and a scandal to the king
dom. When tho Uvnatui Lwyitti
was organized, in 1871, the same an-
ti-gambhng law was extended to all
other parts of Germany. Horse rac
ing for purses, and betting thereon,
were also forbidden and confpletelv
suppressed. The sentiment of the
Germans is averse to the "noble
sport" of whipping horses around a
course for gambling purposes. The
NOT MUCH ADDICTED TO GAMBLING
of any description. The reason is,
they are a cautious, conservative,
close-fisted people, who believe that
a bird in the hand is worth more
than a whole flock in the bushes.
There is nothing in games of chance,
combined with frauduleut acts and
"roping-in" tricks, which commends
such amusements to them as pleas
urable or honorable. , The common
feeling is, that gambling is essential
ly dishonest, and wholly illegitimate
as a business, as well as disreputable
as a profession. The Germans are
totally destitute of the nervous, reck
less, risk-all temperament of Ameri
cans; consequently they seldom ven
ture ineir earnings on tne turn or a
card or die, a horse race or election.
They buy and sell wheat, barley,
oats, and pork, without resortin to
"puts" and "calls," goin g "long" or
"short;" and never organize "cor
ners" whereby a "ring" of dealers
undertake to fleece and bankrupt
their fellow merchants of the same
association. What is done, openly
and with impunity in American
Chambers of Commerce, in the way
of "forestalling" and "cornering" the
market for swindling purposes,
would, if practiced in this country,
disgrace the guilty operators forev
er, and probably consign them to
the reformatory keeping of
A GERMAN PENITENTIARY.
public sentiment, in the matter
of gambling and swindling in com
mercial transactions, in the two coun
tries. The German Board of Trade
may, in time, progress to the lofty
standard of freedom in dishonesty
enjoyed by their American brethren,
aud learn to organize "corners" with
intent to defraud, -with as much skill
and sangfroid as their transatlantic
neighbors; but at present, at least,
they are not even neophytes, and
would be puzzled to know how to
begin a "corner." All men are not
honest in Germany, by any means,
and there are plenty of individuals
who would cheat more if they knew
how, or were not afraid of falling
into the clutches of the law. There
are gamblers and rogues in Germany,
as well as in all other countries; but,
where there is one belonging to such
classes, there are many in America.
Too much individual freedom to do
as one pleases, .unwhipped by law
and uncensured by public opinion,
powerfully tends to promote dishon
esty and crime in any country. It
is opportunity and temptation which
cause men to eat of forbidden fruit
and to backslide from the walks of
virtue. Parental discipline which is
STRICT AND RIGID IN GERMANY,
is notoriously lax and feeble in
America. The maxim of the wise
man, "Bring up a child in the way
he should go, and when he is old he
will not depart from it," is constant
ly kept in mind by German parents.
It would be well for the future of
our couutry if it were not so gener
ally forgotten or disregarded by the
natural guardians of American chil-
There is another thing in which
the Germans differ very widely from
"native Americans, including both
natives and "adopted" Irish, of
which mention should not be omit
ted; and that is they know "bow to
drink without becoming drunk, and
enjoying their glass without making
beasts of themselves. There is .do
attempt among Germans to practice
teetoiaiism or to eniorce pronioiuon
On the contrary, they are a nation
ot drinkers ot mildly stimulating
. . . - i j
beverages in the torm or Deer ana
wine, and have been for thousands
of vears. They are as universally
addicted to beer as Americans are to
coffee, tea. and whisky; but they
know how to drink it without intox
ication. Drunkenness is so rare and
infrequent that it may be said
NOT TO EXIST.
I have traveled thousands of miles
through Germany in various direc
tions, visiting nearly all tne en'"
cities, and have made diligent inquiry
of American Consuls and other well
informed persons, and received but
one answer everywhere. vi : ' j o
drunkenness . among the Germans;
public sentiment would not tokfte
it; the habits of the country are il
against it." The reason of this free
dom from inebriation is the total ab
sence of whisky, and the substitution
of the milder beer. Whisky is the
"hog" that possesses the spirit of the
raffing devil, and the cultivation of
whose intimate acquaintance makes
so manv beasts and loafers of Irish
men and Americans in the United
The German regards his beer al
AN ESSENTIAL OF EXISTENCE;
and it -would be hard to convince
him that it does not contain as much
nutriment at least as milk. If yu
say-to a German that many physiol
ogists and physicians esteem all
forms of alchohol as poisonous, and
therefore beer must e injurious to
the physical system, he will reply
that his forefathers have, in consid
erable part, lived on beer for more
than 2,000 years; that his ancestors,
who fought Julius Casar ant 'hi
successors, were beer drinker; n''1'
that, inall generations since the
vear one, they have maintained
the rational beverage, and to-day
are, as arace,-bth women and men
-as strong, healthy, long-lived, and
robust people as live in the world;
and thev are prepared to wove their
manhood, courage, and hardihood,
on the field of battle, against any
Power, Russia not excepted, who
may choose to put them to the test.
And it is not a vain or idle boast,
for- they are now undoubtedly the
most powerful military nation in
From theso premises the Germans
draw tho conclusion, that beer is not
a "poison," but, on the contrary,
furnishes a nutritive stimulant,'.
BENEFICIAL TO HEALTH,
to By nothing of the gratiSoeUcra
appetite to be derived therefrom. It
is utterly useless, and a sheer waste
of time, to argue with them in favor
of teetotalism or prohibition in any
form, as they profess to be abundant
ly able to regulate and control their
appetites within due bounds, and to
practice temperance without resort
ing to total abstinence. They say
they think the Americans could do .
the same if they would abolish whis
ky, and substitute malt and vinous
beverages, and try and live quieter
and less exciting and sensational
lives. They claim that teetotalism
is not temperance, and has for its
indorsement neither the injunctions
of Scripture, the practice of the an
cient Church, nor the support of hu
One thing that promotes the uni
versal practice of beer drinking in
Germany is the habit of living in
villages and cities. Sach a thing as
a German family living apart from
their neighbors on farms is scarcely
known in this country. German
farmers reside in villages almost uni
versally. Those rural -villages, of
which there are between 30,000 and
40,000 in Germany, contain general
ly 50 to 100 families. Each village
has its school-house, its church, and
its beer-garden, or more than one if
the place is large enough to rapport
them. Every eyening, when the
day's work is done in the surround
ing fields, the men, and often the
women, resort to their beer-gardea
for the . enjoyment of their favorite
national beverage, to which the men
add cigar or a pipe of tobacco.
The beer is not swallowed standing
at the bar, at a gulp, as in America, -but
is slowly and leisurely sipped
and "puffed" " over at a table. The
American practice of treating the
IS NEVER SEEN IN GERMANY.
Each person pays only for what
he himself consumes, unless it be
that drank by his wife or children.
A half-a-dozen neighbors or acquaint
ances will sit down at a table,; and
drink and smoke for an hour, withr
out any one offering to pay for the
others' beer. To do so would be re
garded as improper and indelicate.
There is no such thing as "drinking
round," each by turns paying for
all the liquor and cigars. When a
German calls for a glass of beer or .
wine, he sits down to drink it, . and
is never in a hurry to see the bot
tom of the glass. There are no loaf
ers or free lunchers standing around
in the saloons, waiting to be asked to
"take something," or to invite them
selves to drink at another -man's ex
pense. Perhaps nothing in Ameri
CONDUCES MORE TO INTEMPERATE
than the universal practice of "treat
ing" and asking acquaintences and
by-standers to drink at one's ex
pense. It causes excessive drinking
for, if one man treats, half a dozen
topers, he generally expects to be
treated by them in turn, and, by the
time each has performed this act of
civility or hospitality, the whole
crowd is intoxicated, or .well on the
road to it. It is the treating habit
which supplies each grog-shop with
regular habitues, who "loaf" there
waiting to be "treated," and to ;
spoDge their fiery potations at the
expense of the callers for liquor.
German - loafers what few there
are of them must pay for their own
drinks, and it is decidely against
the custom of the country for any
one to treat them.
'The Germans are strongly attach.
ed to their present Government, are
determined supporters of national
unitv, and are devoted subjects of
their Emperor. But they are still
more attached to the institution of
beer than to any "polities' and are
more loyal to King Gambrius than
to Kaiser Wilhelm L Their devo
tion to the Prince Lager exceeds
their admiration for Prince Bismarck.
The Emperor, with the aid of Bis
marck, Moltke, and the whole stand- '
ing army, could not enforce prohib
itory beer laws in Germany. The
mere proposition to enact such a law
WOULD OVERTHROW THE GOVERNMENT
and revolutionize this county. The
rjo-ht to drink beer, or wine, when
or where he pleases, and in such
quantities as his appetite and the
customs of the country call for, is
rpo-arded as an inalienable right.
and the very essence and embodi
ment of "personal liberty." The de
votion of tbe German in America to
his national drink is honestly inherit-
eu. .inu, lit is, fcuciciuic, urv pv
oirnniro nftpr nil. when the nower-
O J I
fnl force of habit is considered, that
he would rather sacrfice party-ties
and bonds of friendship than forego
his favorits beverage. In short, the
German esteem his lager as a part of
his necessary sustenance; deems it no
more injurious to hia health or mor
al than to drink coffee Pf milk; and
looks upon water, especially such as
is found in most oi vrerwiuiy,
fluid fit only for the drink of the In
animals, and tor urngation ana
Report has it that while Lon.
Granger, the lively conductor of
Scott Goldsborough's omnibus,
was collecting fares of the pas
sengers of a very full bus, one eve
ninS last week, he threw himself
upon the market as a package of
twenty-five cents value. It occurred
,-u this wise. All paid promptly ex
cept one fat old lady, who sat next
the door, and who seemed to be
,i.rinv down as if to tret somethinir.
she hadTdropped on the floor. When
her time to pay s&e raisea ner uou
and thus addressed the blushing
youth: "I allars, when I travels,
carry my money m my wuu , ir
you sees, nothing can git at it thar,
and I'd thank yon, young man,jist
to fetch it for me, as Im so jammed
in that I can't git to it', The youth
looked at the other passenger, some
of whom were laughing at his
plight; one or two young Id'a
among them blushed scarlet, and he
beat a sudden retreat, muttering
something about charging old ladiea,
etc. Hi- cash was short that morn
ing the fare of one passenger.
An exchange asks : "Where doea
cotton go Weknowwhersra
good deal of it goee, but das' L3