Newspaper Page Text
JS. REED & SON, Publishers. Independent in aU tilings. S3 in Advance.
Vol. XXV, "No. 43. ASHTABULA, OHIO, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 24, 1874. Whole Number 1294
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
One Inch in space makes a Square.
1 sa . 4sq! 8 sqs
Xcol Mcol ijCol
$3.00 $4.00 U.00
4.00 5.0J 7.0U
8 weeks .
1 month .
1 year ...
6.00 6.00 8.01)
6.01) 7.00. 9.U0
18.00 31 Ul
8.00 1. 00 16.01) I
44.00 34 00
.V.UU 1I.UV VUU
Local Notices. 10 cents per line.
Transient" AdvetUements to be paid for Invaria
bly In advance.
Yearly advertisers will be charged extra for Dis
solution and other Notices, not connected with
their regular business.
kuiinau r. i HniiM-. var ner line.
AHmini.tp.tnr. .nH kxeentore' Notices changed
SI. AU other Lecal Advertisement chanted 75
cent per eq.aire each insertion.
A , H. Sc
Family Groceries and Provision, also, pnre Con'
feetlonery, and the finest brands of Tobacco and
E. WELLS. Produce and Commission Mer
chant, for the purchase and sale of Western Ke-
j4atn street, Ashtabula, Ohio.
(1ARLI"LGs:TILER. Dealersin Fancyand
staple Dry.uooaa, faintly urocenes, ana -jrocit-erv.
South Store. Clarendon Block. Ashubnla,
6ILKEI at PKHKV. Dealersin Dry Goods.
Groceries. Crockerv and Glass-Ware, next
rinor narth nf Fi.k Hontte. Main St. Ashtabula,
J". M. V1TJLKHEB fc SON, Dealers In
Groceries, Provisions. Flour, Feed, Foreign and
Lime, Seeds c, Main street, Ashtabula, Ohio,
unmemic pruiu. bail. riu. x-iavpici, nticr
nw . m-mmwmm r. . , ioa.ii . u . " -
Lard, and all kinds of Fish. Also, all kinds or
T 1 1 f. 1 1lH.i.a .hi fnn taftifint'TT.
r .m . n Tlnii, VmV Ham
Ale and Domestic Wine. l5-
BOBBftTvOM 4k BBO., Dealers In
evsry description ofBoots, Shoes, Hats and Caps,
.lso, on hand a stock of choice Family Grocer
es. Main street, corner of Centre, Ashubnla,
D. W. H4IKELL, Corner Spring and Main
aU. Ashtabula, Ohio, Dealers In Dry-Goods.
i...r.M .a n-Aflratrv. Ac.. AC. 1095
nOKRIBON INEOEKOR, Dealers In
Dry Goods, Groceries. Boots and Shoes, Hats,
Caps. Hardware, Crockery, Books. Paint. OUb
&4 1451 Aehtabnla O.
JSAfrXIIT NEWBEUBY, Druggist and
Apothecary, and general dealer in Drucs, Medi
- cinea, Winaa and Liquors for medical purposes.
Fancy and Toilet Goods, Maine street, corner of
OIURLEIE, SWIFT, Ashtabula, Ohio,
Dealer In Drugs and Medicines, Groceries, Per
fumery and Fancy Articles, superior Teas, Cof
fee, ttpicfs. Flavoring Extracts, Patent Medi
cine of every description. Paints, Dyes, Var
nishes, Brashes, Fancy Soaps, Hair Restoratives,
Hair Oile, all of which will be sold at the
lowest pricea. Prescriptions prepared with
aniuble care. 122?
GBf?B WILLARD, Dealer In Dry
Goods, Groceries, Hals, Caps, BooU, Shoes, Cro
ckery, Glass Ware, Also, wholfsale and retail
dealer In Hardware, Saddlery, Nails, Iron, Steel,
Drugs, Medicines, Paints, Oils, Dyestnffs, Ac..
Main at. AshUbuU. 1095
ASKT r CLA HOUSE, R. C. Warmint-ton,
Prop. Thia House has just been thoroughly renovated-
and relarnishea. Livery and Omnibus
line connected with the House. 1261
AJ-tB-JrCArr HOUSE, T. N. Booth Propri
etor, aoath side of the L,. 8. & M. S. sution.
This House has re ently been refitted and Im
proved, and offers pleasant, sub-Untial and con
venient accommodations to persons stopping
over night, or for a meal, or for those from the
interior, wishing subie accommodation for
teams. The Honse is orderly, with prompt at
tention to guests, and good Uble and lodg
VISK VOUBE, Ashubnla, Ohio, A. Field,
Proprietor. An Omnibus running to and from
every brain of cars. Also, a good livery-stable
kept in connection wit h this bouse, to convey
passengers to any point. 1251
frrpim,' J, K. KELLET, successor to G. W.
5Sa5? Nelson, Main Street, Asuubula, O. '87
--rqti p. JS. HALL, Dentist, Ashubnla, O.
Cn;oaice Center street, between Main and
V.T. WALLACE, D. D. 8. Aehtabnla, O.is
prepared to attend to all operations in Us pro
fession. He makea a speciality of -'Oral Sur
jrerv" and saving the natural teeth. Office
and residence on Kim at., former residence of
GER. W. DICKINSON, Jeweler. Repairing
of all Vlnds of Wathces, Clocks and Jewelry.
Store In Aahubula Honse Block, Ashubnla, O.
JA3XES K. STEBBINS, Dealer in Watch
es, Clock. Jewelry, Silver and Plated Ware.
&e. Pepeiring of all kinds done well, and all
orders promptly attended to. Main Street. Asb
Ubnla Ohio. 1251
I. B. ABBOTT. Dealer in Clocks, Watches-Je-vtelry,
etc Engraving, Mending and Re
pairing done to order. Shop on Main street,
Co-meant, Ohio. 838
IOHV BCCRO, Manufacturer of, and
DealeT inForniture of the beet descriptkni,and
every variety. Also General TJnderUker, and
MannCsxtnrer of Comns to order. Main street,
North 01 South Public Square, Ashtabula.
ATTORNEYS AND AGENTS.
W. K. HUNBAKD. Attorney and Counsel
or aT Law omce over Newberry's Drug Store,
Ashiabnia, Ohio will practice in all the conrta
of the State, Collecting and Conveyancing
made a specialty. 1227
SKBfcJSJAN 4k HALL, Attorneys and Coun
selors at Law, Ashubnla, O., will practice in
the Courts of Ashubnla, Lake and Geauga.
Labab S. Beumaji, Thiodobi Hall.
ED17ABB W. FITCH, Attorney and Coun
sellor at Law, NoUry Public, AshUbula, Ohio.
SpecUl attention given to the Settlement of Es
tatea, and to Conveyancing and Collet-ting. Al
so to. aU matter arising under the Bankrnp
I. O. FISHER, Justice of the Peace and
Agent for the Hartford, Sun, A Franklin Fire
Insurance Companies. Office over , P. Rob
ertson's Store, Main St. Ashubnla, O. Ill
Uor at Law, Ashubnla,
Attorney and Conn
dtove, Tin-Ware, Hollow-Ware, Shelf Hard
ware, Glaes-Ware, Lamps and Lamp-Trimming.
Petroleum, Ac., opposite the Fisk Honse,
Also, a full stock of PaLoU. oils. Varnishes,
Breshee, Ac. 1251
GEORGE C. HTJBBARD, Dealer in Hard
ware. Iron. Steel and Nails. Stoves. Tin Plate.
' Sheet Iron. Copper and Sine and tnanufac
tnrer of Tin Sheet Iron and Copper Ware,
Flak's Block AahUbala. Ohio. 1096
Tj jr. A- "IBUHH, of Sheckleyvllle, Pa., a
nrCrtitioner of some vears in that nlace. has
opend an office In Rock Creek, this connty, for
the purpose oi louowing uis proieeeion in medi
cine and surgery. Office in Brick Block that
tbnnerlv occupied by Dr. Mills . 1298
sr. as. vajsk, rnvsicisu anu duikwd, omce
over D. W. Haskell's store, corner or Spring and
U a. m. to 12 m. and from 1 to I, p. m. ,1289tf
JT1.IU "LB., atUHUlIU, VtUlU. VUil. wvui b if uu.
PR, 4). 8 MARTIN, Homo-patbic Physician
and Surgeon, respectfully asks a share of the
patronage of Ashtabula and vicinity, -Office
over Newoerry's Drat; Store. Residence corner
park ana y ine bw. 1256
H. H. BAKTLKTr, M. D. Hnmspathie
rnysiciAii uu D.ritiB. tsuccessttr to in.
Moore,) office No. 1 Main street. Kelduce in
Bnepara a ouutuug, ursv uoor soutn of office.
OB. E. L. KING, Physician and fmrgeon,
office over Hendry A King's store, residence
aear St.Peter' churcn. Asnuouia.. u smii
BIBS.B. O. BICKABB, Millinery A Dress
making. A choice lot of Millinery goods and
the latest styles of Ladies and Children's Pat
tern. ShoD and salesroom over Ralph A Burn-
barn's store. Main St., Ashubnla, O. ly!28B
CIJI. U - ..1 . . . ... Oka... TJ . . B. . 1,1 .. i .,
M-tco'Ef, ar.e Scrowl Sawing done on the
sl ot ft Qotlc. Shop on Main street, oppo
sltt lkVbt Park, AshUbula. Ohio. 440
VKSirM 4V 'yBIBLEN M nufactcrers
i JUi iirali'-dnas of Leather in demand in this
market opposite Pbtenlz Foundery, Ashuhu.
U" T ft " Dealer in Granlteand
balva'.-tf .4 a OM-.EtaM Tahlata If an
' U-, -. . .,c Building tone, FUgging and
Cui-blng Mi to order. Yard oa Center street
ASHTABULA NATIONAL BANK,
AeutabiTa. Ohio. H. Fassitt. Pres't. J.
Sc BLi-rB.Cashier. AuthorUed Capital, $400,
000. Caab Capital paid In $100,000. H. Fassbtt,
J. B. cuosar. C. E. Bnuck, U J. Nxttlston,
B. Nkllis, W. Hompubct. E. O. Wabneb,
M. G. Lies;, P. F. Good, Directors. 1204
P. C. FOB D, Manufacturer and Dealer in Saddles,
Harness, Bridles, Collars, Trunks, Wnips,
Ac, opposite Fisk Honse, AshUbula, Ohio. 1015
197 BUILDING LOT FOB SALE!
IlO!r in U'tlar I.im. KtnfY.O. LUd Plter.
Heal Kstate and Loan Aent. Ashtabula Depot.
1209. WILLIAM UUJmnr.1-
EDGAB HALL, Fire and Life Insurance and
neauuite Agent. Aitu, . .. ,r. V
wyancer. Office over Sherman and Hall s Law
Office, Ashubnla, Ohio. 114
GBAND BIVKB INSTITUTE, at Austin
bun;h AshUbula Co., Ohio. J. Tuckennan, A.
M Principal. Winter Term begins Tuesday,
Dec. id. Send for Caulogne. 114Stf
jr. K. WATBOU8, Painter, Glazier, and
t. ri..... All Bfit, linn, nith IieSlneS
rifw iia.,. - .
mil desDStch. l,bu
J. SUM. BLTTH, Agent for the Liverpool.
- , -. i nmah ..ftets over
$W,0U0,000Gold. In the V. 8. $3,600,000. Stock-
hnlHpi a... nonunnnltT liable. lZlO
BLAKESLEE 4k JIOOBE, PhoWaphers
a j . it..,a,. RntrrAvintrs. Chromos,
Ac. having a large supply of Mouldings of vart-
in l lie picwre nue, .,-'---- .,..., o-j
best style. Second floor of the Hall t-"a
door South of Bank Maun street. 1094
TINKER GREGORY Manufacturers of
. . , , . , DTi.rfnaiPanlinJ
Sifukill Castings, Hetties, Sinks, Sleigh
Shoes. Ac, Phoenix Foundry, AshUbula. 0. 1091
WALTON A T
oi auu aeaient hi an urttuc w o.iua.
Lath, and Shingles; also, moulding of allbde-
J AMES BEED A SON.Plaln and Ornament-
alJob fnnters, ana general ouiiiouerti. o-wi-mens
of Printing and prices for the aame sent
on application. Office corner Main and Spring
uraaeta. AshUbnU. O. 1260
NOTARY PUBLICS, ETC.
JOHN H. SHERMAN, NoUry Public and
Attorney ana v uuumiwi a, uuw ...
kell's Block. Main St.. Ashubnla. O. 1200
EDVABDG.PI E IB CE Dealers in Clothing,
Hats caps, ana uenta x uruutuuii, ruuu,
GEO. W. WAIT E, Wholesale and Re-
" . . ' a rla.l.la. V.H,i ...
Ull lleaier, n neauy aiaue v.iuvuiuK, num.":
ing Goods HaU. Caps, tc. Ashubnla 1251
Wltl. ROSS, Honse, Sign and Carriage paint-
1 nana, kinnnff Khnn Oil Cen-
lug Kniiuug iu -a.-6 r
tre street, near S. P. Robertson' store. All
work warranted. Ordeie left with Robertson
or Newberry will meet prompt attention. 1268
DR. MORHIS CROHN, Veterlnay Bur
jl, faa). anile, nf .tafTuruIn
EtMJU.WtlJ L, 1 (11. 1 lit 1 ,.11 ,, , .J auiaD " ...... -.
Dorses left at my own suble, will be well card
for. Charges reasonable.
, Jefirson June 12th 1874. I270tf.
ASHTABULA YOUNGSTOWN &
CONDENSED TIME TABLE-May 1, 1874.
KUKKIS8 SOUTH. I BUXHTNG MORTH.
r-HOKB , STATIONS.
r. . p. x.
IS 45 8 40
12 87 8 S2
12 81 8 28 .....
19 18 8 14 .....
12 10 8 08
11 69 7 57
11 47 7 46 .....
11 86 7 84
11 82 7 80
II 21 7 18
11 06 7 03
10 57 6 54
10 61 6 48 .....
10 46 6 42 ... .
10 84 6 80
10 23 6 15 A. II
10 20 6 00 8 40
10 05 6 45 8 24
9 52 6 80 8 09
9 43 5 17 7 58
9 85 5 05 7 50
15 1 00 4 25
A. . p. H. p. K.
L. 8. & M. S. Cr
.. . avnuict IJ1C,..
.. Bloomfleld. .
A. G.W. Cros.
All train daily, except Sunday.
F. R. MYERS, Gen. Pas. Ticket Agent.
CONDENSED TIME TABLE-May 1, 1874. L. S. & M. S.-FRANKLIN DIVISION.
From and after June 22, 1874, Passenger Trains
will run a follows :
OOLNO WK8T. SOWS IA8T.
No. 7.)No.l attoh. No. 2 No.4 No.8
8 45 6 56 Oil City East.. 1 25 8 86
5 50 7 00 z Junction 1 20 8 30
4 00 7 06 Oil City-West 115 8 25
4 11 ' 7 15 z Reno 1 06 8 17
4 IS x 7 21 Run xl2 69 8 10
4 25 7 28 a Franklin 12 62 - 8 06
4 43 7 46 Summit 12 84 7 46
4 50- 7--08 Polk. ...... .j.- 12 28 7 40
6 03 8 06 a Raymiltoa,... 12 16 7 28
6 18 8 24 Sandy Lake.... 11 59 7 12
5 22 8 28 zStoneboro.... 11 55 70a
X 5 25 x8 83 Branch ill 56 Z7 04
6 36 8 45 Clark.... H 42 6 68
5 45 8 56 1 Hadley 11 84 6 48
6 57 9 10 Salem 11 22 6 28
6 02 9 15 A G W Cross.. 11 17 6 24
(15 l x Jamestown... 6 10
F- M- 9 49 Turncrsville 10 88
No. 8 9 69 Simon's Corners 10 81
Jener 10 16 z Andover 10 16
eon 10 25 Barber's Leon. 10 07
Acc. 10 84 Dorset 9 57
6 06 10 47 z Jefferson 9 42 7 45
( 21 11 00 Plymouth 9 26 7 8
8 40 11 28 zAsbubula 9 00 7 10
2 25 Pittsburgh 6 46
AMP A M F M A M
'Trains stop only on Blgnal. xTralns do not
Stop. cTelegraph SUtions. Cleveland Time.
The Way Freight train stop at Jefferson in
going West, at 8.42 P. H., and going Eastat 7.41
These trains carry passengers.
PaBsenger fare at the rate of 8 cents per mile:
to way sution counted in even half dimes.
Abstract Time Table June
PULLMAN'S best Drawing-room
and SleeDine Coaches, combininc all
modern improvemenU, are run through on all
trains from Buffalo, Suspension Bridge, Niagara
viccuauu sua Cincinnati to new xork,
making direct connection with all lines of for
eign and coastwise steamers, and also with
Sound Steamers and railway lines for Boston and
other New Jbingland cities.
, 1 No.8. No,12. No.8.
STATIONS. 1 N.Y Atlsntic Cincin.
Express. Express Express.
Dunkirk L've. 8 35am 1 OtfFi"
Salamanca...... " 8 87 " (20 " .........
Clifton " 4 85 " Too 8 00 pm
Susp. Bridge.... - 4 46 " 2 10 8 10 "
Niagara Falls .... " 4 60 " 216 " 8 15 "
Buflalo " 6 80 " 2 50 " T50
Attica " 6 87 " 4 10 " iTl8
Poruge ' 7 86 " 6 22 " 12 45 am
HornellsvUle.... " -t8 60 " t6 85 186"
Addison. " 9 46 " 7 40 2 40 "
Rochester " 6 00 ' 8 00 " 6 00 pm
Avon "t666" 8 46 " 7 87"
Bath " 9 06 " 6 10 " 11 60 p
Corning .7 . " 10 08" 8 06 " 8 06 am
Blmira Arr. 10 88 " 8 88 8 40 "
Waverly "' 1114" . 9 23 " 4 26"
2ego " 1146AMI1004 " 6 06 "
Binghamton .... " 12 26 pm105S " 6 68 "
Great Bend V . B8 it . 6 28 "
Susquehan'a.... tl OR " 11 4ff ? it 48 "
Deposit " 15"12 27a.m 7 85 "
Hancock " 2 26 " I 1 00 " 8 07
Lackaw'xen " 405 . 10 02 am
Uonesdale " 8 00 " 7... 777. "22crFai
Port Jervl " 4 45 " 8 48 " rd48 a"m
Middletown " 4 50 11 42 ,.
Goshen " 5 89 " 12 00 si.
Ptteron " 7 00 " 6 40 " 1 4sTH
Newark " 7 47 " 7 88 " 12 18
Jersey City 7 40 " 7 20 " 2 21
New York ' 7 55 P M 7 40 " I 2 40 "
Boston " SOO am 6 00 P.M. j 6 00am
No. 2. Kprti. Naw Tom Bipbess leave Clif-
ton 7 00 A. M Bnspension Bridge 7 05, Niagara
'"TjJO.Buffalo 1 40, Hpnjelsville 10 5, Corning
Arrives at Elmlra 1 41 P. M., Blnghamton 1 42,
TSlnehanne g go. Hancock 4 64. Port Jervis 7 26
, ":","' Patterson 10 05, Newark 11 17,
Jersey City 10 42, New York 10 66.
Daily, t Meal Station-
0Afk f7 t'c.ket b7 waT of Erie Railway.
For Sale at all the prfncioil Ticket Office.
J mo. N. AfcnoTT, Gen. Pa. Agent.
Dealer In BASH. DOORS. A BLINDS alsn
Spedal agent for the sale of
COMPOUND 8A-HH LOCK.
tVCall and examine my Stock and Price b-
ture purcuaamg eisewnere.
Office opposite A., Y. A P. Depot. KU2B7
THE SOUTH PARK AND ITS ALKILI WATER
-A MISSOURIAN WHO WANTED INFORMATION
-A MISSOURIAN WHO WANTED INFORMATION AS TO THE BEECHER SCANDAL-
EXTINCTION OF THE BUFFALO-HUNTING
EXTINCTION OF THE BUFFALO-HUNTING THE ANTELOPE-CATTLE RAISING-
SAM HARTSELL'S ENCOUNTER WITH A
Correspondent of the Chicago Tribune.
South Park, Col. Oct 3rd, 1874.
A detailed dpscriiition of the Col
orado Paradise known as the South
Park, has already anoeared iu the
columns of the Tribune. While its
length, breadth, and physical fea
tures have been dilated and com
mented upon by enthusiastic travel
ers and scientists; while the snowy
range encircling it like a wall has
been painted in " every color that
the robust Saxon language is capa
ble of producing; while the patient,
suffering public has been treated to
learned and exhaustive disquisitions,
upon mountain depressions, and Arc
tic glaciers, yet there are really
man v points of beauty about the
SO CAPTIVATING AND DESPOTIC
in their hold upon the senses that
one can gaze upon them,- and won
der and speculate, forever. The
road, hard as adamant, winding in
and out, up hills and down valleys
now skirting a grove of fragrant
pines, and now darting off into the
cool and solem depths of some mys
terious rugged canon is just pitchy
and dangerous enough to make it ro
mantic, while the loDg stretches of
rich upland-grass, terminating in
conical knolls, covered with scrubby
pines, seem to. mutely "invite the
wayfarer to stop and settle.
Nature, however, in fashioning
the Park into such a thing of beauty
seems to have forgotten herself and
left out the springs. lhere is a
distressing absence of water, at
least on the surface, although
many who claim to be well inform
ed assert that the Park is full of
hidden springs, which can be reach
ed by a few hours' digging. But
one spring runs through the Park
the Platte and this treacherous
river, true to its nature, obstinately
keeps in the centre, and throws out
no branches. To be sure, it receives
one feeder a small, sickly, rivulet
which comes coursing down
through what is known as Buffalo
flats; but the water is so strongly
impregnated with alkali that man
or beast will only partake of it as a
last resort. At the lowest calcula
tion, fve counted no less than 150
bovine carcasses scattered around
one mud-hole in this delightful lo
cality All had drank from the
BLACK TREACHEROUS WATER,
and all had met- with a premature
death. The tastes of alkali water
is not unpleasant, and many a pil
grim often gels a heavy dose before
he knows it. The dissagreable
symptoms are increased thirst, faint
ness, giddiness,- trembling of the
limbs, and a feeling of general ;
goneness. At such times, the ap
plication of whisky-in such quanti
ties nsually relieves the human pip
ed; but, the poor biutcs, mad-'
dened by increased thirst, have no
resource but to gulp down their
death, and then give up the ghost.
Notwithstanding the alkali, which
covers the ground with a white
crust, the grass grows tall and lux
uriant on Buffalo Flats, and many
tons of hay are secured annually. :
The most of this-is readily disposed
of at Canon City and Pueblo, all the
way from $38 to $50 per ton, afford
ing an unfailing source of revenue
to certain vagrant Missourians who
have pitched down into these Flats,
and whose stomachs have become so
completely alkalied that the most
verulent poison ever distilled by the
worm of the still would have for
them no terror. The people are
however; in the proof of which I
cite the fact, that one a tall lank
fellow, with a head so large that his
body wilted like a pond-lily beneath
the burden approached, and hum
bly wished to know if we had any
papers containing : any further in
formation in regard to "that nest
hiding Beecher." We handed out
a Iribune con tain g Moulton's last
statement, and, with a yell pf de
light, that Missourian seized it, and
in three seconds became so absorb
ed that, if a scalp-loving Araphoe
had charged down upon him full
tilt, he would not have moved an
inch. The yearnings of his soul was
satisfied, and the last sight that re
warded our restraining vision was a
glimpse of the Missourian still
squatted by the roadside, with his
shock head still bowed over that pa
per. 1 ; '
Unce, deer and liuttalo were quite
plentiful in the South Park; but the
Indian and white hunter have clean
ed them out, and now nothing re
mains but the prairie dog and an
telope, wi:h an occasional sneaking
congregate the largest bands, and
line the plains in every direction;
and, as they go wheeling and cir
cling about, they present a beauti
ful sight, limid by natuie, fleet of
of foot, and keen of scent, yet the
antelope nas a bump of curiosity so
largely aeveiopea as to overcome
all prudence and the hunters take
advantage of this to lead it on to
destruction. Another peculiarity of
these creatures is, that they will
never cross the road behind a team,
but run along parallel for miles, and
then-suddenly whisk ahead, almost
beneath the noses of the horses,
While their runninn- nun tin p.iillpi,
the very poetry of notion, and while
jvum uiAve compared them to
cloud-shadows shooing over the
landscape, yet the truth com
pels us to record that there are
really no comparison between
their speed and that of a horse
while a Texan steer will hold them
a good race.
rrovided the. plain is smooth
and the dog-holes not too numerous.
the proper way to hunt antelopes is
on norseoacK, wim a good revolver,
T f 1 a 1 1 ,
jricai out your uuuu, crawi up as
close as possible, and then, when the
leader throws up his tail and turns
as a signal tor retreat, break out
from undercover, and, with a whoop
and yell, give chase. The closer an
" " "
THEY BECOME THOROUGHLY DEMORALIZED,
and down like
jump up a flock of
frightened sheep, and before the
sportsman is hardly settled in his
saddle, he is among them, cracking
away with his revolver right and
left. The antelope is a tender crea
ture; one shot generaly does the
business, and a slight flesh wound
generally brings them to the pot of
the hunter, l remember a little ex
perience of this sort which fell under
my observation while hunting: on
the Fountain a few months ago. One
of the parly hred upon a fawn at
Long Range, and wounded it slight
ly in the neck, lue little creature
tossed its head and frisked about
quite lively for a lew moments, and
then stretched itself out upon the
grass, and was captured without re
sistance. 1 he bay. had merely bro
ken the skin. Pity prevailed; the
life or the animal was spared, and
it was left upon the plains to take
its chance for the next shot.
Agriculturally speaking the South
Park will never flourish and bloom
as the rose; the alkali deposits are
too numerous, and the water too
but the grass is good, and
cattle and sheep thrive amazingly.
It was once a great range for Buf
falo, and their sculls still cumber
the ground in every direction ; but
they have long since passed away to
make room for"the Texas steer and
herder. The most noted cattle deal
er in the South Park is
whose hospitable ranch is situated
at the juncture of the North and
South Platte, 20 miles from Fair-
play, and 15 miles from any other
habitation. Sam settled down here
in 1864, with a small herd, and is
now the proud possessor of 3,000
head of fine American cattle, worth,
on an average, about $20 per
head. His houses, barns, shanties,
stables, and corrals, stretch out over
acres of ground; while his corps of
well-drilled herders and cow boys
move and work with the system and
regularity of a regiment.
Unce, esam had everything his
own way: his herds roamed over the
country for miles, with none to dis
pute or make afraid ; but the march
of Westward immigration has at
last reached Hartsell's ranch, and
other cattle and sheep men, are now
hanging on his borders. One au
dacious family has actually settled
down on the Platte, within ten miles
of Sam's ranch ; and as . the latter
can neither buy out nor sell out to
them, he declares that, his range is
ruined, and is casting
ABOUT FOR OTHER QUARTERS.
Sam did not allow -this family to
settle down near him without enter
ing a vigorous protest. He saddled
his horse and rode over there, one
morning, but he was met at the door
4y the lady of the house, a strong-
minded female, who encountered
Sam with fire in her eye and a shot
gun in her right hand. He told the
woman that be claimed the south
Park by right of discovery and oc
cupancy; and there was only : room
for one ranch anyhow, and advised
her to mOve off. She replied by
leveling her gun upon Sara, and
commanding him to move off; and
as he hesitated and seemed loth to
go, she accelerated his movements
by filling the lower portion of his
anatomy with line shot. When we
passed through there, Sam was con
valescing; but he preferred a stand
ing position to any other. His en
tire herd is now for sale, his houses
and corrals will soon be dismantled,
and Sam will seek other fields and
pastures new some charmed locali
ty where he will not be so crowded,
and where enraged females will not
be prepared to maintain possession
by virtue of shot-guns. , - -
WINTER HAS SET IN QUITE EARLY
this season on ' the mountains, and
the road is lined with miners and ad
venturers some on horseback, some
on muleback, and the great majori
ty on foot, all bound for the more
temperate clime of the valley. They
roses. V e are 40 miles distant from
the main range, and yet our eyes
cannot bear to look upon , its im-
macculate whiteness, .while we are
cheered by the information that the
snow on Breckinbridge Pass is al
ready 7 feet deep, and more coming.
We have at last decided to turn ud
farther South, and strike the Hoosier
Pass. If we make the riffle safely,
the TYibune readers will hear from
us; if not, 'tis full as well.
wiu winter at janon tJity, -fueblo,
Colorado Springs,- aTid Denven, and
return, with. t?0!X June floods and
A correspondent of the Chicago
Inter- Ocean gives the following de
scription of one of a class of men
only to be found on the frontier.
"Under that old slonch hat," said
an officer friend to me one evening,
pointing to an old mule driver, "I
think you will find a romance."
"JN ot a very invitine field to search
in, i repnea.
"Hut you have not seen the face
et; when you see the face you will
ie more reasoname see merer
The man we were looking at took
an 014 gray sioucn nat trom nis
bushy hair to wipe the perspiration
from bis forehead, and it was like
lifting a curtain from a picture.
"That's Buckskin Joe," continued
my friend, "the oldest man on these
plains, I believe, and one of the most
singular fellows I ever saw. He has
had a very interesting life, and you
had better interview him. His wife
ran away and married a Congress
man some years ago; but touch Tight
ly on that, as the old fellow is very
A few evenings after I made an
attempt to interview Buckskin Joe,
the mule whacker, with a romance
under hia old slouch hat. We had
been marchinr until snnsAt. unrl
while I was lying around waiting for
supper, I saw my man by a fire he
uu just Kinuiea near his wagon. He
Htlt. nn tha a-.n... .1 , ,
. --v. g.vuuu, wun nis EnecB
against his chest and his arms around
them, watching the flame that was
ieeoiy trying to creeD into the sub
stance of the larger wood, and his
face, intent on nothing, was a study
a painter wmiM hn-v worshipped.
With his long, bushy white hair and
beard, covering the whole of his face
except the nose and forehead, and
bushy, white eyebrows that shaded
a deep set pair of shrinking brown
eyes, he looked as much like the po
et Longfellow as any man I have ev
er seen the features of a prophet,
ana the eyes ot a child. liis atten
tion was drawn to my approach by
the crackling of the" dry branches
which lay around, and looking np,
he bade me a polite "good evening."
"Will you let me light my pipe
irom your nrer I asked.
Half unconsciously he stripped a
little twig and put it into the flame
with a quiet "certainly."
I took the taper from his hand.
and in exchange offered my tobacco
pouch a courtesy that is always ex
tended on the frontier when two
people meet as much a matter of
etiquette as shaking hands in the
No, thank you," he said with a
shake of the head, "I seldom use it."
"I hope you don't object to the
odor, for I wanted to sit by your
nre and 6moke till my supper was
-csotat an,' ne replied, with a
wave" of the hand that would have
delighted Chesterfield; "make your
self as comfortable as possible," and
he arose, renewed the wood and tak
ing a camp kettle, hung it on the
"I hey tell me you'r the oldest
man on these plains. Have you ever
been down this way before?"
"In '55 " he said, quietly, "I went
out with Harney, and our trail was
fifty miles south of this we went
around the foot of the Black Hills
and up the Cheyenne;"and in answer
to other questions, , he told me brief
ly and politely that for forty-one
years he had been between the North
ern Mississippi and the Rocky Moun
tains. His language was grammati
cal and well pronounced; his voice
was soft and musical so soft some
times that it tried my ear to catch
his meaning. His manner was of a
man who it being bored, and whose
good breeding wouldn't allow him
to show it But I kept at him, lead
ing the conversation into different
channels; and occasionally placing
him in a position where his polite
ness compelled him to reply; till he
got quite sociable, and touching on
that singular taste that led men into
nomadic lives like his, he said with a
good deal of fervor:
"i ou don't , know how it is. mv
friend: the open air and a team of
mules is as much to my taste as your
city home to you. I couldn't breathe
in a city. I have been on the plains
forty-one years, and now and then I
have vowed that I would quit it, but
before my team was unharnessed I'd
be anxious to get off again."
"But you are getting pretty old
for the business;4'
"Fes, I'm old sixtv-four last Jan-
nary but I'm tougher than most
of the young fellows. I don't sup
pose I shall hold put much longer,
though, and I'm goin back to the
States once more before I die; this
fall, if I have good Irick. I ain't been
in the States since '59, and I've got
some friends I ain't heard from for
nine years now, and maybe it won't
do much good to go down yonder:
but I'd like to see how the things
look. There were only three bridg
es over the Schuylkill when I was
there last, and now they tell me
there's one at almost every street."
"Were you from Philadelphia?" I
"Yes. I ran awav from home in
Philadelphia when I was nine years
old, and went into the western part
of the State, and worked for nigh
seven years; then I went back home
and worked under the very . same
roof with my mother, she tending
dairy and 1 doing chores, and she
didn't know me all that time. I staid
there a year or two and then I came
W est, and hereabouts I've been at
Sioux City, Fort Dodge, and all
around teaming and trading with
the Indians ever since, and I couldn't
leave it now."
But it seems queer to me," I sug
gested, "that a man can live so long
in such a way without a wife and
"1 have no family, but r was mar
ried once. '- I lost my wife BOme'
years ago," and he rubbed his eyes,
saying something about smoke and
alkali dust,. - 1 hen he got up and
maydtQbnd restlessly, took the
kettle ?6ff the hooks, and lifted the
lid. lhe old man had dug down in
to his memory as far as he dare go.
tie did not sit down again, but kept
busying himself in the preparation
of his meal, and I hadn't the heart
to ask him any more questions. Who
was the Congressman that stole
his love awav no one seems to know.
but everybody . seems aware of the
fact, and all agree it was no man of
national reputation. Sometime, per
haps Buckskin Joe's secret will be
given to the world and the reason
of his! strange melancholy told.
One is continually meeting such
men in frontier life men who have
found the civilized world too small
for them-too crowded. They are
generally intelligent, and have the
air of well-bred gentlemen, but nn
derlying their strange taste and in
clination there seems in almost ev
ery case some sacred motive too
sacred for the world to know and
The n umbei of land onwners in
England is growing clearly less year
aner year. kittle less than two
centuries ago it was about 200,ooo.
In 1851 the Census Commissioners
of England reported the astounding
fact that in that time the number of
landowners was 30,315 persons.
Thus the whole number of England
and Wales in the private property
of 30,315 persons. This was m the
spring of 1852. Of these lnd-own-ers,
17,045 wore males aryl 13,268
were females. Twenty years later,
the number of gentlemen land-owners
bad decreased to 14,191, and
the number of lady land-holders
to 8,73322,924 in all. Tho in
come of English land owners from
their lands has increased enormous
ly. The number of land-owners, it
is thought, is now smaller than at
any previous period.
A little boy thinks that "house
hold goods" are what his pa uses
when he puts up curtain fixtures.
JOTTINGS BY THE WAY.
Tel.: In my last I left von. wi
deriug amoDg the Interesting objects in
the cabinets of Amherst College. I prom
ised in my next to give a sketch of the
Mather Art Gallery. Prof. Mather has
made three visits to Europe for the pur
pose in part, at least of collecting mod
els and casts of all the finest pieces of
statuary, by the greatest sculptors ot the
Old World Swedish, Italian and Grecian.
The gods and goddesses of Mythology;
the poets and statesmen, orators- and he
roes of Greece and Rome, and other na
tions, are here fully represented. Then
there are copies of all the great paintings
by the world-renowned masters ems of
art. Days might be" profitably spent in
examining this gallery,- which though
not as extensive in its collections, having
been but recently commenced baa some
rarer, liner specimens of art than the
Atheoseum in Boston.
f a .. -
uue must Bee mem to form any cor
rect idea of the many and wonderful
works of art that are fonnd in this new
gallery. But there was one picture that
of all others made an ineffaceable impres
sion on my mind. It represented Christ
bearing the cross : but the grouping and
surronndings were different from any.
thing I had before seen. In the background
is Mt. Calvary, ou which are crosses with
other victims of Roman cruelty thereon ;
on the right is the "Holy City" and Solo
mon's Temple ; in the foreground, to the
right and left, Is the rabble mob who cried,
Crucily him ; " nearer, on either hand,
are the mounted centurions giving orders
to the brutal Roman soldiery, in whose
faces derisions and triumph are easily dis
cerned. In the immediate foreground is
Jesus, the central figure, fallen beneath
the heavy cross, bis brow and temples
till bleeding from the cruel crown of
thorns. The deep lines of pain and ago
ny on his face, upturned as if entreating
the aid and sympathy of Mary, the moth
er, who is first at the right, kneeling with
bands extended toward him, as it wishing
to render lhe needful aid, and at ber left
the other Mary and the women who have
followed bim from Gallilee. No one can
view that picture without, in some meas
ure, realizing the intense suffering and ag
onythe infinite price it required to re
deem one soul, even hi oten,from the pow
er of sin and death. ' Were I a connois
seur, I might say more, but I will drop
the curtain on all this, and pass on my
Leaving Amherst by the Springfield
& New Haven R. R., I soon found myself
at Belcbertown, 10 miles southeast a vil-
age of 2,900 inhabitants standing like
Amherst, on a . bill, or rather . terrace,
affording, especially to the south, west
and north, a very wide and beautiful view
of the Connecticut valley, and high range
of wooded hills on the west. The main
street is nearly a mile long, bordered on
either hand with fine maples and elms. It
has a large level public park, on two sides
of which are the Methodist, Baptist and
Congregational churches. Over this
church', Dr. Wolcott, of Cleveland, had
his first pastoral charge. This place, like
nearly all New England villages has a
very neat appearance, and like many of
them has retrograded in population near
ly 500 less than at one time. Cause as
soon as the boys and girls marry they "go
Next morning I went by lively across
the country, four miles to Enfield, a quiet
village of 1,100. Tbence by railroad to
Athol Depot, junction Greenfiield & Bos
ton and Springfield & North Easton rail
roads; population,' 8,000. It has several
cotton and stockinette mills, employing
over three hundred operatives. From
this point I went westward next morning
stopping at intermediate villages.
among them. Orange, a fine, thrifty town
of 2,000. Shuttle Sewing Machine Co.'g
factory here. Reaching Greenfield, on the
Connecticut River, at 2 p. m. This is a
wide-awake prosperous village of 4,000.
It has some fine churches and public
buildings. In a small park stands tin
Soldier's Monument, a round shaft of pol -ished
Scotch granite, 20 feet high, sur.
mounted by a bronze eagle (imported,)
standing, with half Bpread wings, in his
nest leiburely attending to rattletnakei or
copperhead. . , Very cTlaracteriitic design !
Whole cost, twelve hundred dollars.
. Leaving Greenfield at 4:30 p. m., by C.
R. R. R., I was soon at South Deerfield
8 miles south, so famous for the Indian
massacres during the early settlement of
the place, : It is a quiet farming town of
one thousand. . At the northern end of
the village flowing S. Wto the Connect
icut River, ' is" " Bloody Brook," now a
small stream, which was the scene of
the fearful massacre of Capt. Lathrop and
his men. About two rods S. E. of the
brook stands a marble momument with
this inscription :
"On this ground Capt. Thos. Lathrop
and 84 men under his command, includ
ing 18 teamsters from Deerfield, conveying
stores from that town to Hadley, were
ambushed by about seven hundred In
dians, and the Capt. and 70 men slain,
Sept. 18, 167i3, O. H."
The soldiers who fell are described by
a cotemporary historian as "a choice com
pany of young men, the very flower of
the county of Essex, none of whom were
afraid to speak .with the enemy in ,ue
"And 8angnlnetto tell von wbere the dead
Hade the earth wet. and turned the unwilling
"The grave or the slain is marked by
a stone slab 21 rods southerly of this
ThB slab above mentioned is now in the
tidevxtlk, under which lie 76 slaia. This
is the Inscription : "The grave of Capt.
Lathrop and his men, slain by the Indiana
1675." The men had halted for rest, stack'
ed their arms, ana were garnering who.
grapes, when suddenly the savages rushed
upon them, which accounts tor tho great
loss of life, the savages firing and then
securing'tbeir arms, leaving them defence
less. Next Sept. will be the two hundredth
anniversary of this bloody event.
At 9:30 p. m., I took the traiu tor Brat
tleboro.VL a town of five thousand on
the Connecticut River, twenty miles
north of Greenfield. Near by Is Mt.
Wantastoquet eleven hundred feet high.
West River empties Into the Connecticut
Rivor one mile above. There is much
manufacturing, chief of which is Estey A
Co.'s Organ Factory, employing nearly
seven hundred men. Here la located the
Stale Asylum for the Insane. Having a
half hour, I hastened over m the nicely
kept cemetery on the bluff, south or the
vlllaire. overlooking tho valley, to see the
monument or Col. James Fisk, Jr. It is
the finest monument I have ever seen. It
is of Italian marble, though the bust of
Fisk in Col.'s uniform, with insignia two
decoitions of honor is of Parian marble !
of pure white ! There are four female fig
ures of life-size one on each corner in
a silting posture, with slight drapery very
neglige in its arrangment about them.
One representing steamboats, another rail
roads, each with the symbol cut in the
head-gear ; a third symbolizes music and
the drama, holding in one hand a lyre,
aud in the other a laurel wreath ; and the
fourth holds in her right band an open
bag filled with coin, and in her left a
wand encircled by two winged serpents.
Inscription "Col. James Fisk, Jr. Born
April 1st, 1835. Died January 7th, 1872."
It is about twenty feet high standing in
an oblong enclosure of granite, about 12
x20feet. Whole cost, thirty thousand
dollars. So great is the number of visit
ors that the grass around the monument
within the enclosure is completely worn
away. Such is the fame of this notorious
spendthrift such the homage paid at his
shrine t Were he the peer ot Chase or
Washington in all that is noble and lovely
in his life acts, far less would be the hon
ors paid !
At 10, a. in., I left for Bellow's Falls, a
village of two thousand four hundred.
The water power is unlimited and is made
to do full duty. The manufactures are
various, yiz : wood pulp paper, French
corsages, scythe snaths, farming machine
ry, chairs, clothes-pins and paper. On the
east side of the river is Mt. Bellows, 933
feet high, with bold rocky sides. Beneath
the rail road bridge are the falls where
the river rushes through a narrow gorge
between the rocks very rapid descent
Here are the "Pictured Rocks" various
devices cut in the rocks by the Indians
I saw some of them beneath the bridge.
but the sterreoscopic views of the rocky
sides, bringing them out clearly. From
"Pine Bluff," on the west side of the vil
lage, a fine birds-eye view of the village
and the narrow valley is obtained. On this
bluff is the new and beautiful Episcopal
church a fine granite structure. Meet
ing here the grave rector, formerly of
Sandusky, Ohio, I was permitted to
see the beautifully frescoed and uphol
stered Interior. It bespeaks a prosper
ous church caring so well for its bouse
In the afbirnoon I went to Walpole, N.
H., four miles south-east about 1,000 in
habitants. The situation is commanding-
being several hundred feet above, and
east of the Conn. River valley. Running
south, and straight as an arrow, is the
old military road laid out la Revolutiona
ry times. Ne:r the top of the hill, on
this road about 400 feet above the river,
stands the summer residence a plain
farm dwelling of Rev. Dr. Bellows of
New York looking northward, up the
valley. Only from Mt. Holyoke have I
ever seen a more beautiful picture a finer
landscape, than may be seen from this
point. To the west, is lhe quiet pastoral
scene in the rich green meadows, with
the river flowing through on its winding
way to the sea ; to the left and right,
several villages and hamlets, while to the
west and north and east are the gently
rising hill-slopes, clothed with forests to
the tops all combining to form a rich
and varied landscape, a picture whose
frame the surrounding hills is the
handiwork of the Creator.
There are many elegant residences and
villas on the highest slopes, where the
outlook is grand. Itisagieat summer
resort for tourists, ind well it may be
none could present greater attractions. I
had heard much of Walpole, but I was
not prepared to believe the half of the
reality. It surpasses "Round Hill,"
Returning to Bellows Falls, I left at 6
p.m. for Dharlestown, U., population
00 ; streets 100 feet wide and one mile
long, with two rows of maples and state
ly elms, two to four feet ia diameter,
whose long, outstretched branches inter
lace, forming a grand arch. Finest
amont! many pretty residences is that of
Sherman Paris whob sale liquor di Hler
of New York. The large dwelling stands
n the midst of a fine terraced lawn, filled
wilb choicest shrubs and flowers. A
conservatory, immense in its proportions
and a pavillion, the like of which is not
found in the United States, save one m
Chicago, though that is not as fine. It is
about 20 feet square and 25 feet high
built by a German architect, without a
nail in it being all dovetailed together
It cost over $8,000. You can imagine
what must be the architecural beauty of
design, which is most unique, and the la
bor of constructing it -
Where the Unitarian church stands on
terrace, was once a fort, whither me
settlers fled In time ot danger. to
the south-west,, near the Conn. River
was another fort, where was fought a
three days' battle with the Indians. On
the north-east of the village may still be
seen the cellar of the log house where
lived Capt Johnson, wife aud nine chil
dren There had been a social gathering,
and for fear of the sayaees, most or the
company stayed all night. Before day
light came a tapping a. me uoor .u.
reauest from one to see Mr. Johison.
Opening the door, in rushed the savages,
killing most of the men taking the others,
wi'Ii the women and children, prisoners
to Canada, whence, alter lOyears.through
the intercession of the French, Mrs. J.
with her children, were allowed to return
to Charlestown, where she died and is
Montpelier, Vt. Oct. 2d. 1874.
The Pork Barrel.
A nnmber of circumstances unite
. -. A"
to cause salt pork to De one oi
the leading articles of diet in the
farmer's family; and for all it is so
oouilv niiroil- it is lStOUlshillff tO
know how much is lost every year
.i .I. -..1
by being improperly cut ana ...--
Mueh finds its way to tho soup ket
tle, and a large amount comes on
the table so badly tainted as to be
unwholesome food. Erery farmer
should be prepared 8Ul
barrel, as the first essential for prop
erlv saving pork. It shonld be of
Tatfrfabpron bound I with an
extra heavy hoop at the bottom. It
should be provided with a closely
titling cover that will come over the
chime. This cover Bhould be pro
vided with a handle. If new wine
should not be put ia old bottles,
there is no danger in putting new
pork into old barrels. Many indeed
seem to think that there is virtue in
nn old barrel, and would prefer one
wVin ViB.l 1.11 All 111 imfl for ft vear to
111 u b uat- fcv--
., iiwt. from the shop of a cooper.
A well-made pork barrel will last
..nam for thn salt that it ab-
sorbs will .preserve it. It should
be used,however, for holding be
mutton, or even hams and shoulders,
which require a different pickle than
that required for clear pork.
The pork barrel should stand in
the coolest part of the cellar. It
should rest on a support that there
is no danger of water coming in
contact with it. A false head, with
holes bored through it, should be
provided for preventing the pork
from coming to the surface.. A
stone should be placed on this. If
there is old brine in the barrel
when you wish to pack pork, it
should be boiled and the impurities
skimmed off when it may be used
again. The hogs after dressing,
should hang out in a cool place at
least twelve hours before the meat
is packed. It would be best if they
were split in two. The softer parts
of the belly, the trimming from the
hams and shoulders, had better be
inea out lor lard or used lor saus
age. If the ribs are entirely remov
ed, the meat can be cut in slices'
much better. The less lean meat
there is put into the barrel the less
blood there will be to color the brine
and render it impure.
The clear sides should be cut into
strips of nearly uniform width. It
is a good plan to use a straight
edged measure in cutting them.
Detached pieces of meat coming to
the sursace of the brine, becomes
lancid and thus injures the whole
contents of the barrel. The bottom
of the barrel should always be cov
ered with salt. Then a layer oi
strips should be placed the rind out
ward, the longest pieces next to the
barrel. Use the shorter strips near
the center of the course. When one
layer is formed as compactly as it
can be done by hand, add half an
ipch of salt, and then continue the
successive layers of pork and salt.
Some recommend leaving pork in
clear salt for two or three days.
At the end of this time sufficient
water should be added to cover all
the pork. If all the salt on the upr
per layer is dissolved, more salt
should "be added, so that the brine
shall be of full strength.
The Beecher controversy still gees
on in the columns of the ManeSeld
(O.) Herald. The last number of
that paper contains a reply by Prof.
R. B. Raymond, of Brooklyn, to the
Rev. Dr. Fairfield's review of the
testimony,. together with Mr. Fair
field's answer to Raymond. In his
second communication, Mr. Fairfield
adopts a more decisive tone than
formerly. Among other things he
I waited before I wrote one word
for Mr. Beecher to make his own ex
planations. I had read the charges
and the evidence. They were terrif
ic against him. I could see no rsay
of escape. But I waited waited pa
tiently. The whole world waited
till he had given his own explana
tions. They filled twenty coluians.
I read them re-read them. I naver
gave up my last hope till then. But.
when I found his own explanations
full of falsehood, full of contradic
tions and most palpable absurdities,
then I was compelled to say, "what
ever else he may not be guilty o', he
has most certainly stated a sccrc of
things which he must have knovn to
be false. For he had every possible
means of knowing. There eculd le
no liability to mistake; it as
plain and palpable case of intention
al misrepresentation. It is not ne
cessary to look into a man's face to
know whether he speaks the truth or
not. If he can assume an hcjiart
look while he speaks palpable t,'se
hood, so much the worsa for hiij;
this but shows the hardeniagrro
cess of years of hypocrisy. a j yt
Mr. Beecher could deliberately cike
a statement so crowded with ahenrd
ity is proof, I fear, of that adeptness
that comes only of long practice.
You speak of the "eheerin Twocf
which you have of the support of
good men everywhere." Do not be
deluded by the numerous Ie'ters
which come to you from the diHer
ent parts of the world. They re
sent but a small portion of the
whole. Within the last two montha
or more I have had personal conver
sation with more than a half r- hun
dred ministers of all denomineiicae.
just as I have chanced to meet thvn,
and not one of them all expressed a
belief of Mr. Beecher' lnncceace.
Forty-five of every fifty express be
lief of his guilt; three or four do not
quite know what to believe.
Sawdust in the stable.
TV nn nntikim to Innv mnch
nKnnt tri chemistrv of aa- d "St.
but we have used it for several yef-ra
as an absorbant or urine, and as
bedding for horses and catua. e
prefer to have it seasoned anu dry,
and should choose that mads from
hard wood, but we take suca as nre
can get, which is nearly all made
from pine logs.
Our conclusions are that sawdust
: . t, lunnpat V.di1inT we have ev
er used; that if manure is kept trod
den down hard to prevent exces..v
fermentation, it is no injury to the
manure heap. Our exnments
prove that sawdust soaked with
urine and used as top dressing on
o-rass land will show w here it was
" . on increased trrowth of
rrass; that when the manure is made
up largely of sawdust, it ha never
injureil any of the crops to which it
Ka Wn anulied. We have grown
all kinds of crops on it without per-
. .AT" . a. i..,v.
ceiving any injurious out-.-. o..-ro-f
Wo shall continue its use ia
such quantities as will make com
fortable bedding xor uu. ,
... nlwnrbant till we can see tome
harm done by it, as long as it can
be obtained by caning two or miw
miles. As a fertilizer, perhaps eand
or loam, or dry muck or straw '-ould
be better; but ait cannot nave .ie;.o
in abundance, and we n.w.n'vj
bedding the best materiftla wiuiu
our reach. ' '
Our own experience w;:n i;v
iuc' r. r :v;.-ui.
hard wood) nas oew.
would not ap.'.y r
of tho best methods zf cc-C &
r,.tr tha cattle "nd ho -rJHJ
with it IiuralAio X. i.