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Annual Message of the Governer of
Ohio to the Sixty-First General Assembly
at the Adjourned Session,
Commencing Dec. 1, 1874.
To trie QeturaKAntmhli : '
Sii ce your ajdourument, the late Constitutional
oiiontiou, then iu session, brought its labors to
conclusion, and submitted the result f,.r the
ratification .f the people, Such ratiflcatios was
not obtained. You are assembled, therefore un
der the pre-existing Constitution.
Among the many wise and salutary provision
lu this constitution, t.ierc is one which 1 derm of
vervspccial importance at the present time It
is Ihe provision that makes it not discretionary
oui imperative npon in, ,eui ral Asseiub.y to es
tablish a Sinking Fund lor the gradual nut cer
tii.u ultimate nay-incut in the State debt The
Couvertion which adopted the Constitution fully
realized the necessity of providing lorever against
the creation ol a public debt of indi Unite dura
tion, so far as tue payment of thepnncipa! of
such rteoi is concerned, it is for this reason that
1 desire to call your attention to tue condition of
t the Sulking Fund.
Sec. 6 oi Article XII of the Constitution pro
vides, that -Nil tax shall be levied, except in
pursuance of law ; andevervlaw imposing a tax
shail slate distinctly the object of the tame to
KMch otdy it tliaU be iippLed." In contravention
ofthis provision of ihe Constitution, ihe Ueuerat
Assembly, ai the sessions of .872 and 1878. passed
acts authorizing the temporary transfer of money
lrom one fund lo another ; and. in pnrsuance of
these laws, large sums were transferred from the
sinking amj Common School f unds to the Hev
enneand Asylum Funds. '1 here still rem An of
these transferred funds which have not been re
turned, the sum orgiiMMJuQ due the Sinking Fund
and the sum or $2l,nou due the Common School
fund. List winter, the Attorney i;eneral. in re
sponse to resolution of the House ol Representa
tives, gave an elaborate opinion rospectin" the
matter of these transfers, and declared the laws
ailllioriitiir thorn i.. 1. Iinu .. .
.u .1 , . . "."Binuiioiiai. mnce
then, the public muds have been held sacred fur
the purposes fr wi,ictl tb(.T WKn. a,livct, d
These unconstitutional acts are still npon the
statute book, and should be immediately repeal
it will be necessary for the General Assembly
Jelnrl.TrT,"1 J",''"n- ,0 m-k provision for the
KmV . .1 "' ,n'f-T '""ds of the Kinking
rund , a..d 10 make iurlher provision for the pav
ment f the interest u, and the pi Incipal of onr
,!'1?-T,"c"f"" ,n JhnarV inn July
1X75. and in Janiiarv iKir, iti.it.. a ' """""'J
ry. IT., .here will Wit onbV S'SmI rfoS
debt, payable at Ihe pl.Hureol !i,Jf s i P ..
f ..4.....V TherePw Z iV pon"!he
debt, including interest on the Irreduel " J del "
In January and July. l75. and in Jannarv is-n
the sum of about tl.HM.uu, makln " a 7,;AVof
fi.IIM.Hi.-.. , i f principal and 'inures," To m '.,
tins, there is a present surplus u, the Trea.urv nf
f 45II.M -4. The collections for IKjr, i 'h Zui
b-applied lo the Mnkin- Knnd. as esli,at,
the present levy, will lie atioul tl.aW.min inakli. '
a total of tl.7K.MW 8-2, which will h ave' a dell, i
enry to be provided for of t.'.
The principal falliugidue ia payshle at the
plea-nre ol the Sute and it Is fir you to deter
mine whether it shall be met when due. or paid as
the accumulations in the Sinking Fund shall war
rant, Uut I w.mld sUL-2est that the ere It or a
great State, like that of an Individual, is better
preserved by being ready to pay Itn debts prompt
ly at maturity.
The following Is a brief su-nmary of the present
financial condition nt the Slate:
On the lath day of November, ltfflj,
the public funded debt of the Slate
1 he redemptions during the year were
Loan oflH7ii t12H.i no
Loan ol 175 92.700 00
T",al J. f.24i.85B Sll
Outstanding Nov. 15. IK74 7,'js8.ti 30
Of the amount outsandinir on the 15111 of Nov..
the sum ol $22.:!tU had ceased to draw interest,
the holders thereof having been notified to surren
der their stock for redemption, mi that the inter-en-beanug
luuded debt of the Slate is 7,!iS.
40 30. .
The funded debt is divided as follows
Foreign debt, pavahle iu Kew York
c"y- $7,986,510 Sll
Domestic debt, payable in Columbus 2.fio5 00
Totiil t7,88.2l5 1IU
The ItMail indebtedness of the Slate ou the 1st
day of September, 74, was as lollows:
Uebts of counties $ 8,482,573 62
Debta of townships, iiicluning
debts created by lioards of Educa
tion ntl... !..... r.. ... j. .
wuu i oi K-parnie ais
tr.cts Debts of cities (first and second
Pehts or incorporated villages..!!
licbta of school districts special
v..-" fsl.oMjlurl on
w-u.il y i!it! uci vci reported.
1 he amoiim of rc-imimrsalile debt, therefore is :
l1", 7,!IN.2t 30
J"C' 21,si.0ll7 36
Total j.v iji ju
Irreducible debt 4 l 's.tl 6
Aggregate debts in Ohio Vs'iale
local and trust rands) $2:1 !HI7.2tl4 52
The I.kiI indebtedness it, t,i statement is
W16 1874 'S74 a,"llh'' State d.btlo
The ha anceili the State Treasury on
the 15lli of Nov., 1873, was ... $ -m a-
The receipts, inclndin' transiets of
$12.-..5li 51, for the hscal year end-
ini: Not. 15, 1871, were 5.8114,745 117
Total amount of funds in the treas
ury for theyoar $.ifii4..t!2 t
The dlshnrsemelits. Incluiiiug trans
fers, during toe .year, have been.. 5.211.934 90
11a In uce in the Treasnry. Nov. 15,
,, " $812,397 19
The Auditor or Slate ei-tlmates the receipts In
cluding balance on iiand Nor. 15, 1874, for the
current year, from all sources, as fol.ows ;
ltevenue Fund $t.iwi 732 21
Asylum Fund I.K39 428 87
Sinking Fund 1.752.7.19 110
Keltool Fund 1.7l)i!l27 82
National Koad Fund.. ls.iiuo 90
Total estimated receipts . .
Tlii.il:.hn..... r ......
From ltevenue Krinl f 795 at 41
roiu Asylum Fund . 2(Kr7 44c,i
Front Kinking Fund.. 1,138 175 110
roin Nat l i.oad F11111J is mm IH)
T'"", $5.G.W,022 IB'
l.ejving est.muli-d balance Iu
ThLreVxryN"V11?- ,N7'"' """, 7i!
Were ''-slvied III 1873. collectible iu ih71.
Uelmquencl, s and forfe, lures. . !. ! 3W.'l!li 75
County and loral' V.v "W-l 42
Total .... r
The t.x.t,. ..;'.':..: : :. : .".tsu hi
grand dnplicaU of ih1 " ' "",n- by the
Loan of 1881
Real estate iu cities, towns and vil-
K - .... $:i54,8.T9 1!19 00
Real estate not in cities, towns or
villages 607.408.517 00
Personal properly 6-i.i21.58,s 00
Which r an increa-e over tile
gninil duplicate of isiilol $43.104.;S5
This increase arises as lollows :
On real estate iu cities towns und
villages. . $il.H0.!KI!M0
On perbonal Properly 2.01080 00
Reduction in value of rail estate
not iu cities, towns, or villages
Considering the g-.-neral stagnation of business
during the part yea.-, ibis exhibit is a remarkable
Indication ol Ihe rapid development of the mate
rial resources of Ihe Slate.
The opening of this ailjoiirued session orthe
General Assembly occurr ng hut sixteen days al
ter the close ol the lli-cul year, ii has been nupos
sibU fortb? various departments ami public in
stitutions rto complete and submit their animal
reports in.time lor me to give them such examina
tion as would enable me lo present lny views and
make suggestions herein concerning them. 1
luu!, therefore, tefer you to Ihi reports them
selves wheu they shall have been printed and laid
I have divert tu.r. 1 i ..... ,1...
- . ,n iu tue worKlllg.
of ihe penal, reloruialor, ui.d benevolent institu
tions of the State, having v, sited them since the
close or your last session. Iu the main, they are
working well, and are fulfilling in an eminent
degree, the design of Iheii crealiou.
Ihe reorganizing acts of last session have
been productive 01 good results. K-periatly is
this true respecting theOhio I'euitenliaryand the
Cenintt Olilo llorpiial for the insane.
The Penitentiary has been ni.uiaged with ability
and financial success. Its Report shows that it has
lielled ttie Slale. during the year, over and above
the salaries of ollieers and expenses ol uniinlen
ances, the sum of $23.4w5,.'!l ; and over all ex
lieiise,, Incluuing iiniliulaetlire of gas Kir Slale
buildings, repairs, elc. the sum ol $11,412 92 This
Is a aiHHi showing lor a year of linanelal distress,
and diminished demand lor convict labor
fhe act abolishing the Hoard ol j'iu-iees i.rtlie
Centra (lino Lunatic Asylum (now known as Ihe
t'elitral Ohio Hospital lo. ihe Insane) ami mat
ing a Board of Commissioners Tor the construction
i.r the institution, has produced result hardly ali
llclpnted by the iiiom sun-nine liiends oithe
measure 't hree geulleiueu r eminent worth and
lieen'iar adaptability to the wants oi the siiuuiioii
were apitoiiiled and coiifjrmed. This new Hoard
round the uiifiiiislieu walls oi the building much
Injured by exposure during the pievioiis inier.
There was also an absence ol such working draw
ing" ill Ihe Architect's nllice as were llecessal v lo
the progress or llnl work. Tins condition" of
things delayed woikoil Ihe building until after
the middle or April. .,t li e proem time, the i n
tire edifice except the water tower ill the n ar
central wing, which wus laken down and is being
rebuilt la now only rerdy for the mm, hul more
than one half is now covered, and workmen are
engaged In roofing the remainder of it. n Im
mense aiiniiint Wl, h been none during thu
season- ihe number or nricks laid In Ihe wails
e lng .,. ,,mn n,!,.,,., illlous, Willi Ihe ma.
Iliereio"'"1 '"'"'r "' """'r corresDondlng
roll ".f " - Inr work .1. ne I v
W Ml Tl H hnulo ,r "." I"" I " "'.neeled
Willi Ihe hlilhlliig. during ihe llsi'nl vear ennl.
Nov 15. 174. Is t.., ,vs. Tne'n-iai, J, 'per c . t1
.ge upon the same is tts.,11,.,,,. .,.,. 1MU. r .
l balance or former appropri ,lo , ,, '
tiy oil Nov. It 1NIH, !l.47.:. 1 ,;,,
U. this stun, Ihe Hoard ak r..r,ul .,.,,,
I. rail purposes r..r the present v.ar of : , (),,n
The act creating the Board of Commissioners
limits their term ol ollice to one year, which will
expire on the first d iy of April. 1875. 1 respecful
ly recommend that the provisions of this act be
rxiemled for one vear lrom that time.
Ve nave rca-nn for congratulation that onr
Mite institutions have 1 scaped serious calamity
during the ve.ir. A slight lire occurred at Ihe Re
form Farm School, ou the seventh day of last
mouth, which destroyed the large work shop of
ihe institution It was necessarv that it should
be rebuilt ai once, to prevent idleness of the in.
mates, which would breed all manner of evil in
sui.11 mi nisi M 1111011. 1 ne Boarn 01 commissioners
immediately proceeded with the work; and they
call lor a small arproiirnilioii to complete it
which I hope will be made.
The re-organization of the Board of Trustees of
the Airriciiliural and Mechanic il College has been
pioductive ol good results. The old Board was
too unwieldy tor succes-lnl management, while
the diminished size or the new hoard has enabled
it to harmonize ideas and views, and work with a
singleness of purpose that has been bcuetleial to
the College. 1 invite you lo consider Ihe lact that
this admirable institution ol learning has not yet
received the public atteutiou thin its merits enti
tle it to. It is the college ol the people: and it
should have their good will and encouragement
It has an efficient faculty, a magiiiUcent endow
ment, with ihe necessaries common to the best
colleges iu Hie country, and should have a much
laiger attendance of students. 1 respectfully sug
gest that tie tieneral Assembly may devise wavs
and means to aid the Hoard of Trustees lu bring
ing about this desirable result.
In pursuance of the act or February 18, 1N74.
creating a 'Male Board of Centennial managers',
five eminent citizens or Ohio were appointed to
constitute the Coluuiissioii. They have completed
Heir organization and entered upon the dlitiesas
lu the execution of the several laws providing
for the re-organization M tint Public Institutions,
passed at vour last session, the appointments
made by the tixceulive have, in every iuslaiice.
proved to be satisfactory such appointments
haejng been nnole solely -to promote the public
interest, without reguid to otucr collsideralioiis.
the otllciTS appointed seemtug 10 be ilitlilcnccd ill
th'lr actions by the same motives which deter
mined iheir upiioiiuiiieiit.
' llitring Ihe summer the irritation or failing in
mining districts, arising out of the disagreement
bet ween the mine owners and miners, ussumed, in
one instance, a degree ol' iuleusity winch se.iolls
ly imperiled the public pence. At the ethical 1110
meiit the protn,il llltelposition of the tnorul
niiih'irily oflhe State was found sutlicicm lo al
lay the exasperation nt passion, ami to re-assure
peace and harmony, w itunut u resort to the mate
r -1 1 power or the Male.
Ail earnest eli'orl has been made by the Adjutant
Oeuenil lo colli et the Obi., war claims against the
General Government. He has succeeded lu col
lecting Hid placing 111 the Slate Treasury the sum
ol f 3.".;xi. 98 A balance remains uncollected of
f27.'i.9KH Kl, hut little ol which will be collected,
unless fnrlhiT h-islatloll be bail by Congress. '
For the details respecting these c laiuis you ale re
ferral to the report ol the Adjutant tichcrnl.
At. the close id the fiscal vear 18i3. there
were ihirty-two mlllh.ry companies 111 the slate,
ol all branches ol Ihe service. There are now
forty, one conipanii s two battalions of three
companies each ; one battalion oftwo companies ;
twenly-llve unattached companies of inlauiry; one
butt iv of artilli-ry or lour guns, and two Untenes
ol two guns each. This increase evinces a tevi
val of Ittieie-t lu our volunteer military otioij.mi
lioiiM. The security of every coiuliiuinlf Is cu
ll incul by n well organized lullllln. Audi llllsl
tint our uilliHrv companies, lu which we ull hel
a Jtl-t prldo, w ill receive III" loslen ing cure of Ihe
The general fln inelal depression has 11 fi ll by
the rati. oad Interest ol I lie Stale more than by
1 1 tier 1111. r-l Hul lew new I shave be. 11
projected, and several roads that would have been
built under more favorable circumstances h ive
been temporarily abandoned; the Baltimore. Pitts
burgh Jt, Chicago Company, urn) completed 110
miles or new track during Ihe year; ihe Paines
vi; e & Yoiingstow n Company has completed i
mileaol narrow-cange track; the Marietta. Pitts
burgh Cleveland Company has Kompletid 19
mihs ol new track; the Lake Erie & Louisville
Company has completed 8 miles ; the Toledo &
JIaumee Company has completed 7 miles; thu
Mansfield, Coldwater & Lake Michigan Company
has completed 27 miles ; the Baltimore Short Line
Company has completed 30 miles ; and the Cincin
nati Whitewater Valley Company has cotnplet
ed 2 miles; this makes a total or nearly 245 miles
or new track.
Railroads are not only of great utility, hot
have become a necessity to the country. Thev
should not lie hampered by vindictive legislation"
but as the the servants or the people, enjoyim' pe
culiar franchises, they should be held stiictlvjrme
iiable to judicious legislation that will prevent
them lrom becoming ihe masters of the people
T heir rights should be fully protected by law. and'
the rights of the people should be proteectd
against such encroachments us tend to make
hem the victims or monopoly.
At your rormer session you perlormed an act or
justice and mercy rnr the men who delve in our
mines, by enacting the law -'To regulate mines
ami mining, and to provide for a State Inspector
of mines." A practical miner or intelligence and
education was appointed, who l as displayed great
energy iu the enforcement or the act. He has per
sonally visited and iiispeccd two-ihirds or the
mines of the Stale; the good effect of the law
are reci.gnized already, in improved ventilation
and other changes which haw conduced greatly to
the comfort of ihe miners. The Ocueral Ass. m
'V' ' follow up il- recent action by such fur
ther legislation as may ho found ueecssarv to the
accomplishment or the bencllcial obj.xts sou -lit
to be attained. 15
In tin-Inaugural Address which I had the hon
or to deliver before Ihe General Assembly I
strong y urged a reduction of the expendll lire's' of
the Siuie Ooverument down lo tin very last dollar
compatible with iho maintei.ance of the public
credit and the efficient working of ,!, sever ,
nartmeuts 01 the lo.vernmcnl; and I insisted that
It sl.ou d not be that vague and mere verbal "cot -omy
which public men are so ready!., pror.-ss
with regard to public expenditures, hut. that earli
est and inexorable economv which proclaims it s
existence hv accomplished facts. Iu Hie midst of
Ihe existing linauclal tlisire-s. Willi somauvor
our rellow-citlzens out ol employment, and wages
cvervwllere rednciHl. I most earnestly ew Ihe
recommendation I then made. I he state should
not embark In new building enterprises until the
public liiiliitlnjs now iu progress of construction
shall have been completed; new otllces should not
be created; and your presen session shouh' be
brought to a close at tin' earliest moment when,
in yoin jiidgmei-t. the putihc bii-fness will allow.
I he evidence von gave at your 1 1st session of a de
termination 10 retrench, by reducing tile tax levy
$ 174. dull, and hv other acts ot legislation, has en
cotliaio'il thepeopleof Ihe Stale to believe that
economy ami prudence will govern all your act
ions iu ihe mailer of public expenditures
Il is a (iiestion lor your serious rnn-tdcmf ion
w hether Ihe coni sailon of our county ollieers
is mil ilisprmmriiotialc lo Ihe rahricsof oilier
,, nl. lie ollieers. and of persons lu private life '
Public servants should be reasonably compensa
ted; hut -alaries and fees should not he so high us
In make the g. tliugol olaee a profession, and to.
enable cau.lidales and applicants to buy their
way to public places. '
I conclude by expressing the hope that vonr
csloi, ,y be plea.ant mid harmonious, and
tl a it may be productive f great good to the
' ',';.,.. ,.r,,bl.r Jis- ""'""or.