Newspaper Page Text
Independent in all tilings.
$2 in Advance.
J A.S. REED & SON, Publishers.
ASHTABULA, OHIO, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1874.
U ti6i&ar, N6::50.
Whole Number 1301.
a M. E. W. SAY AGE dealer In choice
FaroilT Grocumeaand Provision. alo. pure wu'
. ' -nA th ftBMl hnndi of Tobacco and
ihot, for we purchase and aale ot Wemn K"-
"ervo Butter. ,Cueee and Dried FruitA-
Aain treet. Astataonia, uaio.
Staple Ory iroodi, family uruv t - h ,
ory. South Store; Clarendon Block, AihisbnU,
GH.K.KB iiu-Mare. next
door uorli of Fit.
Main St. A.hiabnla.
. 7 1043
. wr. x-virn 4c HON. Dealer In
Grocer" ?roviiions. Flour, Feed, Foreiffi. and
une,tU Fruit., Salt, Fi.A, Plwter. W ater-
U1UIC, v" ,
r!.rf .nd all Kind, of Fi.u. Alo. all kind, of
ak n-l..r in F'nnr Po-k. Himh
v.milr Groceries, FruiU and Confectionery.
Ale aud Domestic Wines. -
audii rinv - H tk Dealer In
every descnpiion of Boots, Shoes. Hal. and Caps,
.Iso, on hand a stock of choice Family Grocer
es. Main street, comer of Centre, Ashtabula,
11.. n .
0. W. MASKKLL, Corner SprtllcandMain
ata. Ashtabula, omo, imitn
Groceries Crockery. c, Ac.
UOHHISON Dealer in Dry
and ouoes, n..,
Rnoka. rainis. wii. wv,
niBTI NBWBEBBV, Drereiat sad
,4aHliecary,iioneral dealer i t ruif""
'Trr. T?TII ii fnr meilical ourDOae.,
Faucy and 1'oilei Goods, Maine street, corner oj
4 entre. Asntaouia. -
a K. WIFr,
....... S.r iir rinriul
Hair Oils, c..all of which will be the
. . . i i ..t ionk nretmred wun
lowest - pncea. i i . . i . 1095
tlUMUic mi .
. . ... . u arn.MSD. Daaler in Hard
s.H,ilrv Nails. Iron. Steel. DraJ, Medl-
pint. uils. Drestuffs. atC.. M:iln
iniTiiii:i.i UorsK. R. C. Warminrton.
Prop This House has lust been thoroughly ren
and refurnishea. livery and Omnibus
line connected with the House. iat)1
A.TIEB.1CA HOUSE,. S. Booth Propri
etor, sojth side of the 8. A M. S. Utipn,
This Houm bar re eutty been refitted and la
nroved. and offers nleasar-t. sub Untial.nd con.
venient arcemnodaiiona to persona stopping
over night, or for a meal, or for those from the
Interior, wishing -stable accommodation for
teama. The House is orderly, with promptat
Aininn to onieata. and rood table and lod-
Pnlnrle-i-w- An Omnibus running to and from
ivXtra-'Jiofcirs. Also, a rood livery-stable
Vmt inwrnnoction with this house, to onvey
bsayt&r Ashtannla. umo. a. t leio.
piWKBllgt, ' . -
n k S7 '.i.i. RT. successor to G. W
, v.iun. Main Street. Ashtabula, O. 8i
W.T. ITAH-ACK, D. JD. 8. AsbtabuU.O.is
ureaarea to atienu iu ii ucnini .. k.
fession. He makes a speciality of "Oral Sur-
" mil udnop th natural teeth. Office
and residence on Kim at., former residence of
Maj. Hubbard. J51
of all kinds of Watches, Clocks and Jewelry.
Store m Ashtabula Honse Block, Ashtabula, O.
YSTIKii K.STEBBINS. Dealer in Watch
es. Clocks, Jewelry, Silver and Plated Ware.
Ac. Repairing of all kinds done well, and all
orders promptly attended to. Main Street. Ash
tabula Ohio. 1251
J, j). ABBOTT. Dealer in Clocks, Watches-
Jewelry, etc. Enpravmir, Mending and Ke.
pairing done to order. Shop on Main atreet.
Conce&nt, Ohio. . 888
OA BIN ETfrW-ARE.r
JftHX DDCKO, Manufacturer of, and
-; dealer lnnciiUureofthe best dcacriptionand
" every variety. Also General Undertaker, and
Manufacturer of Coffins to order.' Main street.
North ot South Public Square, Ashtabula.
ATTORNEYS AND AGENTS? 1
W, FT. HUBB1BB, Attorneyajid Counsel
' or atLaw office oyer Newberry's Drag Store,
Ashtabula, Ohio will practice in all the courts
pf the State, Collecting and Conveyancing
tnade a specialty. , - ., ...... - .- 4303
BHEBKAIf & HALL, Attorneys and Coun
selors at Law, Ashtabula, O., will practice in
the Courts of Ashtabula, Lake and Geangaj,
LaBAa" S. Shibjux. Thiooobx Hall.
.EBWABD II. FITCH, Attorney and Coun
sellor at Law, Notary Pahlic, Ashtabula, Ohio
' Hpecial attention given to the Settlement of Es
tates, and to Conveyancing and Collecting. Al
so to all matters arising under the Bankrup
Law. . . , . . . . r -t-IM
. O. USHER, Justice of the Peace and
Agent tat the EartfiB-4 Sus A Franklin Fire
Insurance Companies. "Office' over J, T. Rob
nson'f 8 to re. Main St. Ashtabula. O. Ill
Attorney and Conn-
aellor at Law. Ashtabula, Ohio
CBOIBI fc WETHIBWAX, dealers in
Stoves, Tin-Ware, Hollow-Ware, Shelf Hard
ware. Glass-Ware. Lamas and Lamp-Trim-
mings. Petroleum, .Sc., opposite the Fisk Honse,
Also, a full stock of Paints, oils, Varnishes,
Brushes, Ac. 151
OEOBGE C. HCBBABDi Dealer in Hard
ware. Iron, Steel and Nails, Stoves, Tin Plate,
Sheet Iran, Copper and Zinc and manufac
turer of Tin Sheet Iron and Copper Ware,
Fisk's Block Ashtabula. Ohio. 1005
PB. T. t. FIELD, of N. T., a practitioner
of some years in that State, has opened an of-
. flee in Bock Creek, this county, for the purpose
in Medicine and
Surgery. Office in Tlrick Block that formerly
occupied by Dr. Mills. 1800
lift, P. DKICH.TIAS1, Physician A Surgeon,
baring located himself in Ashtabula, respect
fully tenders his services to the citizens of Ash
tabula and vicinity. Dr. P. Deichmat speaks the
German acd English languages fluently. His
office and residence is in Smith's new block. Cen
tre street. 26tl291
Ptt. J. A. BHt'SH, of Sheckleyville. Pa., a
petcntioner of some years in that place, has
nnend an office in Rock Creek, this coontv. foi
the purpose of following his profession la medi
cine and surgery. Omce in Brick iock that
formerly occupied by Dr. Mills. 1293
W. D. CASE, Physician and Surgeon, office
over D. W. Haekeirs store, corner of Spring and
Main Sts., Ashtabula. Ohio. Office hours from
11 a. m. to 12 m. and from 1 to 8, p. m. 1289tf
pa. O. 8 nAHnw. Honspathie Physician
and Surgeon, respectfully asks a share of the
patronage of Aibtabula and vicinity. Office
over Newberry's Drug Store, Residence corner
Park and Vine sts, . . 166
H. H. BABTLETr, M. D. Homoepathic
Physician and Surgeon. (succesior to Dr.
Moore.) office No. 1 Main street. Residence in
ShstiSfd's building, first door sonth of office. .
OB, E, L, KI!G. Physician and Surgeon,
Office over Heudry a King's store, residence
Asar St.Peter's Church. Ashubnla.. O grot
4. C. flLLKV, Manufacturer or Lath,
Siding, Mouldings, Clieeso Boxes, Ac. Planing,
Matching, and Scrowl Sawing done on the
shortest notice. Shop on Main street, oppo
slte the Upper Park. Ashtabula. Ohio. 440
FRENCH 4 WE1BLEK
M nnfactcrers A
in dpm.nil In thia
Cellars la a!) kinds of Leather In demand In this
market ODDOslte Phasnir Knnnnu.. &.h,.K
HHT; CBVi :" Dealer In Granlteand
Marble Mpquataata. Grave Stones, Tablets. Usn
tela. wrSAs, Ao. Etfiluing stone,- Flagging and
CUrrfetng cut to order. Yard on Center street
EDWABDC, riKBCEDealers in Clothing,
Hats Caps, and Genu' Furnishing Goods, Ashta
bula, GMo. 1261
GEO. W. If 1 I T E, Wholesale and Re
tail Dealers i n Beady Made Clothing. Furnish
ing Goods Hats, Caps, c.. Ashubnla 1251
AtnTABUE. A . HATiaNAL BANK.
Asbu'm'a. Ohio. H. (.Biir, Prer't. J.
Sua. BLTTO.Ca'bler. Authorised Capital, $200.
000. Cash Ceplulpaid 1b tlOO.OUO. H. Fassxtt,
J. C. CBQtCX. C. I-UC, H. 1. NlTTLBTOB,
B. SxLue, Vl's. Ut'tfuaiv. B. O. Wabbbb,
M. a. Cwk, T. F. Good, Directors. 1104
i T.,i, , i
n f. BrOksaS, laaouiacrareraaia uesier id ow
u.mess. Bridles. Collars. Trunks. Wnips,
'opposite Fisk Honse, Ashtabula. Ohio. 1015
TINKKH, tt GREGOBT Manufactorersof
Stoves. Plows and Com urns. Window Caps ana
Sills. Mill Castings, Kettles, Sinks, Sleijrn
Shoes. Ac, Phtenix Fount! rr. Ashubnla, 0. 10"
vwvAM at. tr ft nvuT. rnavnnfactnr r
of and dealers in all gnwles ol fnwV"mI:
Lath, and Shingles; also,
mouldings of allbde-
JlSIESKEEDa SON.Plaln and Ornament
, u u.. .ii nml Stationers. Sped-
mens of PriBt'ne snd prices for the eame aent
?n aou icTtton eofncooror MaU BndSpring
streets. Ashtabola.o. - -
NOTARY PUBLICS, ETC.
TORN H. 8HEB.TIAK. SoUry Public and
irnmn and Counselor at Law. omce m
kell's Block. Main St.. Ashubnla. Q. '
I. E. W 1TUOIJ9, r..nr "ruie
Paoer Hanger, ah worn --
hoss. House. Sign and carnage paint
L!1" 'oVdef. Ml with Robertson
or Newberry will meelrompiatteution. 1
. ..Aiiaiil fROHN, Veterinsv Snr
D. iihinfnnv miles of Jefferson
Torses left at my own stable, will be well card
for Charges reasonanie.
Jefferson June 13th 1674.
nits. K. CBICKABUrHiniwrj
making. A choice lot oi auiiiuerj 8..
Xt i.f.-. ..f rriia and Children's Pat
terns. Shop and salesroom over Ralph Burn-
hum's SLure. jhbiu ot., w
1QT nrlll.nlKG LOTS aras. Aa.aii
riMler in Water Lime, Stucco, land Plaster,
vii R.i.t. and Loan Agent - Astbla Depot.
4.BA.ND K1VKK ISi8TITUTE.at Austin
bnnrh AshtabuU Co., Ohio. J. Tockennan, A.
M. Principal.. Winter Term begins inesaay,
Dec. 3d. Send tor Catalogue.
. - n..k,ii.unvF
w cf'W v Air i in w vuc k
T jind mi a Uiooe lnsuraucc vv. . -
i0,0J0,000Gold. In the U. S. 8,800.0O0. StocK-
o older iiwnciwu'i'i"'-"- - -
BLAKE8LKK Ac ?. JKKST
and dealer in f tciures, h.uki,b. r t'
i". having. ..rgesupplyof Mouldori-
ous decnptions,is prep. '"'V,- ..V '
in the picture line. " 9htDOUM.," "irS
bestetyfe. Second flow of the HaU storeud
11,1111 ITUUtl. -
cAni. .fRink Haun street. i""
, riTTSBCBUH BAILROAIt.
CONDENSED TIME T.iBLE Not. 18, 1874.
BONDING SOUTH. I BCBTKIHO MOBTH.
i HUMBEBS , STATIOBS.
T. at. Ts . ' '
1 85 8 35
. 1 27 8 26
1 24 8 23
1 11 8 10
1 05 8 03
12 55 7 62
12 45 7 41
12 85 7 80 .....
It 82 7 27 ...ft
1 7 16 ....
1 09 7 02
12 01 6 54
11 60 6 48
11 52 42 ... .
U 42 8 30 .....
11 31 8 18 r.
11 29 S 57 8 40
11 16 6 43 8 24
11 03 6 28 8 09
10 64 S 17 7 68
10 48 5 06 7 60
7 41) X 60 4 26
A. r: BT. TV Bt.
S 4 6
7 23 5
7 36 J05
7 44 SI
7 53 3 .....
8 04 884
8 14 45
8 n 48
RJS 6H .....
8T43 4 13 . . . .
8 52 4 23 ...
8 57 4 8
9 03 4 S3
14 4 43
9 6 4 66 a. .
9 SO 6 00 5 40
9 45 5 15 S 55
S 58 5 28 6 08
10 06 5 40 6 17
10 IS 50. 8 45
SO 11 15 (40
r. . ri . a; bt.
. . Bloomfleld.
.Tonsgstown ...Piusburgb. J
All trains daily, except Sunday.
- P. R, MTERS. Gen. Pass. A Ticket Agent.
8. B. 8;-FBAKXIH JHYISION
From and after Nor. 15, 1874, Passenger Trains
will run as follows : '
No. 1 No,4 N0.8
I flol x Jaivcuoii i..
, . 481.
7 051 1 Oil City West I 42 9 66
8 201 7 15! x Reno. ....... I S 31 I 846
3 26 x 7 23 Run I xS 24 - 1 S 39
8 32 1 80! x Franklin t IS ... f 8 32
3 601 7 47 Summit 1 2 00 1 12
3 68 7 641 a rolk. 163 , 806
4 10 8 06 tfiaymilton.... 142 '8 62
4 26 8 24 Sandy Lake.... 1 25
4 81 18 xStoneborO;.f 4 31 '
ti SSfxA 83 : Branoui. ....... 1 xl 1 . j
41 n 4ovhrk. ....'...-... I 1 05
4 66 8 65 z Hadley 12 55
5 12 9 10 Salem 12 40
5 17 I IS At GW Cross.. It 85 -.
8 I 2S Jamestown;.. JJ
. I 49 TnmersTiUe.... n 43
No. 8 9 69 Simon's Corners 11 85
Jffer 10 131 x Andover 1 11 9M
son 10 221 Barber's-iLeon, 11 12
Acc. 10 811 Dorset.. s..'. 11 02
8 95 10 45 Jenerson.i... 10 40 745
8 21 11 60 Piymonth W T8f 1 a
8 40 11 10 lAshtabula 10 00 7 10I
s auj x-iusoiuva. ..... 1 ij
T M I - . MlMllH
Trains stop only on SlenaJ. xTralns do not
Stop. . tTelegrapa Station. Cleveland Time.
The Way Freight trains a ton HMman in
going West, at 4.04 P.M., and jroing East at 7.89
,M. These trains carry passengers.
Paseeneer fare at the rale hr wnt,-iu. mils .
way autions counted in even half dimes. '
ERIE BAIL WAT.
Abstract of Time Table Adopted Xin. 16
PULLMAN'S best Drawing-room
and Sleeping Coaches, combining all
modern improvemente, are run through without
change from Buffalo, Suspension Bridge, Niagara
Falls, St. Loais, Wucinaali, Cleveland. Ohicago
ana hciiui l m i-vvw ion, maKing direct con
nection with aU'linea of foreign and xoaatwise
steamers, and also with Sound Steamers and
railway lines fcr Boston and New England cities.
8 86A Jt;
8 87 1
4 86 '
4 60 '
6 26 "
8 87 "
9 48 -
8 00 "
tti 66 '
Binguamton .... "
10 88 "
11 48 AM
12 6 PM
13 56 "
1 68 "
3 25 "
4 05 "
i12 57 "
6 00 "
4 45 -
8 46 r jj
-7 08 " I
7 47 " I
7 48 " I
7 65 PM
6 00 AM
3 48 '
6 40 fl
I 51 pm
7 40 a.
maVcad ZZTAti?' M"
Abbott. Gen. Pas. Agent,' N. Y.
FOR SALE. One of Marvin's
smat' slsed Kirs-proof Safes, and a Black Wal.
Writing Desk. J. HUM. BLYTU
AshUhnla. Jan . 1H74 . VJ
H. PIFER. f 5 t : ' B. N,PIFES.
e. h. -pi pin & c6.,
of different kindi. Vnd'inannfactnrers of
Tin, Sheet Iron & Oopperare
A Good' Stock of . ..
GLASSWARE AND LAMPS
fW Special attention pa la , '
ROOFING, and SPOUTING;'.0, WQHK,
Bock Creek, O, '
i-nwr-i nnre i rwvtrmDFQM
OUSINESS men and printers gen-
X erally are rranested to call or send to ns for
samples of envelopes. Wt nave Just receives
An Extensive Assortment,
directly from the eastern manufacturers, and will
st prices never before known in this county.
JAMES REED A SON.
MENS' BCSINFSS SUITS.
MENS' DRESS SUITS
YOUTH. BOY A CHILD BENS' SUITS,
Ready-made and made to order, at
.GEO. W. WAITK'S.
PL E -A. ID ! PLEID!!
GERMAN A FRENCH WORSTED.
AMERICAN A ENGLISH CLOTHS.
ALL KINDS OF CASSIMEBES,
THE BEST OF TAILORS' TRIMMINGS,
THERE will be Teachers' Exami
tions at the following times and placet ;
CBAtbubnla, Jan. 18, 1875. .
fioca cree. at tire Teachers' institute.
By order of tbs Board of Examiners.
12S3 . L. H. MEANS. Clerk of Board.
INGRAIN CARPETS, $1.19 worth 1.40,
INGRAIN CARPETS, fi
.10, worth $1.85,
INGRAIN CARPETS, 80c, worth $1.10. " " -
. st HASKELL'S.
INGRAIN CAS PETS 75e, worth 90e,
,- .: - -.- - -st HASKELL'S.
INGRAIN CARPETS 60c, worth 76c,
INGRAIN CARPETS 45c, worth 80c, , -
- at HASKELL'S;
IW" No extra ehanva for eatttiur -anta tn
match, where aUe of room is given.
WE keep the very best that there;
Is mannCsctnred nil ha. n h.m4 i.tm
and well selected stock, which we do not propose
be undersold in by ANYBODY.
order to close oat our stock of
Shawls, we hava made ffreat Rerin.lAn In
Prices, on both doable and single.
EMEMBER th HOLIDAYS
oomlntr snd all those in need of Zephyrs
will do well to bny st HaskelV., and tberebiare
money, ss he only charges J.8e an onnce for It.
7E have the Best One Dollar
" Corset that there Is to be found in town :
a splendid corset which we shall dose oat at
Madam Foy's slwsys-in stock.
ADIES, Gents and Children's
Underwear tt a Bargain,
that the place to bar
. Ac., Is st .
Corner ef Main sad Bp Ur streets,
' ' ; c
AshUbals, Ohio. SclSM
Dealer In SASH, DOORS i. nrnma .1..
Window and Door Frtrnw made io oruS. ' "
Special agent for the sale of
. COMPOUND BASH LOCK.
'tw-Olllsnd ezsrtne my Stock snd Prices be
fore pare basins else where. - oe-
OmoeoppojlUA.,T.P.D,pot, 36tlB 1
Corner Drue: Store
BOCK CREEK, OHIO.
". ii. LiATllEJt, bavmg suc-
s ceeded to the business of Bret tell A Lati
mer, has stocked sp the establishment and put-
it in the best running order. His stocK 01
Is onto the demand of the locality, and not snr
passed in the place. Prescriptions a specialty, and
pat ap wun promptness ami care.
are choice, and the trade sufficiently active to kee
the stock fresh and the range of prices even will
the market low though that may be. In
onr shelves are snDDlied with eveiv variety of finer
and better kinds of goods in all their variety, and
the heavier articles are in stock such as to
meet the demands of the countrv trade. Besides
these classes of goods, onr customers will find s
good StOCK 01
BOOTS & SHOES,
of the best manufacture.
Paints & Oils,
and a constant snpply of
SASH, DOORS, Ace.,
all of which are sold at a narrow margin of nrofit
and with due regard to good faith and fairness in
O. B. LATIMER,
Brick Corner Store.
Morgan, Oct. 14, 1974. 1292
TIte Vest base burning stove!
This stove has given
wherever it has been nsed. and the large number
sold in Ashubnla during the Fall and Winter of
1878, bear ample testimony 01 its popularity.
It is supplied with the celebrated Mill or
MORNING GLORY GRATE.
ao favorably known in fact almost anivenally
conceded to be the
for hard coal ever iuventecd.
ALL THE DIFFERENT STYLES AND SIZES
are'consUntly on hand, and can
bur at the sb -
W. W. X,
Centre St., Ashtabula, O.
H. H. HALL,
Boot Jt Shoe.
, JXEW FIRM.
TVlLLIAMSON &- WTROUS
spectfnlly ai sonnce to the --;'iens of Ashubnla
and surrounding country thit :ey are prepared at
all times to make to order
ALL KINDS OF HARNESS,
and keep constantly on hand a good assortment
or goods in their line, all made or tne
and pot together in the BEST STYLE of workman
ship. Those wishing anything in our line will do
well to give us a call. We think that we can sat
sfy in style and price. Hoping by strict atten
tion to busineasand fair honest dealing with all,
to merit a share of your patronage, we remain
W. H. Williamson, W. E. Wathoub.
Great Bankrupt Sale !
The entire stock of
amounting to over
Fontierly owned by
G. V. DE F0BEST.
To be sold to meet the claims of Creditors.
TUESDAY, OCT. 20.
Ladles should call early to avoid the rush. 8t9
NEW GROCERY !
Family Siitd -olios
THE Citiiens of Ashtabula will
Uke due notice, that the subscriber has ooen-
ed s NEW Grocery Store in Brace's Block, adjoin
ing L'Hommcdien'e Clothing Store, where they
may obtain their Family supplies of the choicest
Groceries, Provisions, Fruits
Tse Stock Is New ind Fresh throughout, and
embraces the BEST the market affords, and as tbe
present is a favorable time for buying, on account
of the low range of Prices, the goods will be of
erred st correspondingly low rates. On
Teas, Coffees & Sugars
be cannot be beaten In price or quality. In '
he x.'ll keep the best brands in market, snd no
housekeeper will be disappointed with inferior
grades, A supply of
FRESH' ORANGES, LEMONS, A RAISINS
hardly equaled in town.
T. . wiri verv article to be found In a first
PClass, well' regulated Grocery, will be found here
Aa he Is tolerably well Known, and not wlthont
business fri ends, a share of the favors of such and
others is so.'icited, in the hope of conferring mu
tual advantages and the building np and strength-
enlng of busj ness relations.
JAMES B. TOMBES.
Ashubnla, Afrtt 80th 1874.
Residence for Sale.
TlIE late residence of the Rev. J.
X. Gillette, on Lske Street, will be sold very
cheap fo cash, or short time,
403 0. FISK.
Once more attend ! !
SHIBTS A SOCKS,
GLOVES A MITTENS,
WRAPPERS A DRAWERS,
COLLARS A HANDKERCHIEFS
FURNISHING GOODS GENERALLY
All very cheap, st
jBO. W. WAITE'S.
Btore;jolnln Port Office, AstUbula. O. JJ80
Washington Correspondence to the N. Y. Trib.
Report of the United States Fish Commission.
ineunitea atates risn oniniis
sion, at the conclusion of their sum
mers work, have returned to Wasl
ington, and are now engaged 111
drawing rip their annual report. The
followinp; facts are a summary of
their year's labors:
The place selected for their head
quarters the present vear, was the
pleasant little fishing village of
Noank, in Connecticut. Situated at
the end of Long Island Sound, and
looking out on the Atlantic Ocean,
ininwav between New London and
Stonington, with a population prin
cipauy engaged 111 n.suiug, it was
well suited to the purposes of the
Commission. To aid them in their
labors the Secretary of the Navy
sent the small 6tea"raer The Blue
Light, Capt. Beardslee, of Washing.
ton Navy-Yard in command with
a picked crew of eight or nine men
The chief work of the steamer was
to carry the party to the scene of
their dailv labors, and to do the
heavv work of dredging and trawl
By this aid of steam, the
amount of work done in the season
was at least quadrupled. Including
the scientific gentlemen, their fami
lies, their assistants, the crew of the
.blue Light, and the numerous scien
tisls who were often visiting them.
about seventy persons were constant
ly assembled at Noank, studying
tisues, their food, their habits and
While investigating the question
concerning the tood nshes ot the At
lantic, great attention has been paid
to llie food fishes of the lakes and
rivers, lender the direction or Jrror.
Build, Mr. Livingston Stone has
been employed on the Macleod Riv
er, a branch of the Sacramento, ob
taining salmon eggs, of which he
has secured some 0,000,000. The
salmon of the Macleod are very vig
orous fish, growing rapidly and lar
ger than our Eastern salmon, weigh
ing 20 and 30, and occasionally 50,
pounds. This species is especially
adapted to the wanner waters of the
country, and the eggs thus obtained
have been distributed in the head
waters of the Susquehanna, Potomac,
James, Delaware, and even the Mis
issippi. They come forward much
earlier than those from' the colder
waters of New England and Cana
da, the ova being obtained in Au
gust and September, and the young
fishes, fully hatched, intrusted to
their future homes in November and
Of the 6,008,003 eggs obtained bv
Mr. Stone, 1,000,000 were restored
to their native river, that the source
of supply might not be dried up;
the other 5,000,000 were distributed
in the Middle and Western States;
750,000 were sent to Michigan, and
150,000 to Utah. Half a million
were placed in the hatching-house of
Mr. Alexander Kent, of Baltimore,to
be distributed over Maryland and
V lrginia, and another large amount
to a similar institution at Bloonis-
burg, N. J. Besides these salmon
gathered from Oregon and scattered
in the warmer waters of the country,
Mr. Charles G. Adkins, of Bucksport,
Me., on the Penobscot, has obtained
2,500,000 eggs from that river. These
fishes, adapted to the streams of
New England and Northern New
York, are slower in coming to matu
rity than the Western fish. They are
secured in' October and November,
and placed in the water in. the fol
lowing February and March. From
Maine and Oregon, therefore, 7,500
salmon eggs have been this year
gathered and distributed in all the
rivers of the land that run to the
But in addition to this, Prof.
Baird has succeeded in obtaining
eggs of the land-locked salmon of
Lake Seber, in Maine. This species
ot salmon, though now fresh-water,
is supposed to have run up thither
from the ocean, but never to have
returned. They are a small fish
weighing from 3 to 8 pounds, but
very fine eating; 150,000 of these
eggs have been secured and distrib
uted among the rivers of New Eng
land and ' Michigan that run into
The two principal sources of snp
ply of shad ova are at Castleton, N.
Y., on the Hudson, and Holyoke,
Mass., on the Connecticut; and at
these two places some 5,000,000 or
6,000,000 eggs have been secured.
Salmon eggs are sent across the con
tinent imbedded in moss; but shad
are so lively, being hatched in five or
six days after they are impregnated,
that they can only be distributed as
living fishes. Large cans, therefore,
are made, holding ten or twelve gal
lons of water each, and in cacli can
are deposited 5,000 or 10,000 ot the
little fishes. These 5,000,000 or 6,
000,000 shad have been distributed
over New England, New York,
Pennsylvania, Illinois, and as far
West as Iowa. The Southern States
have also received their quota 50,
000 having been for the first time
deposited in two streams in Texas;
so that in three years from this
time it requires three years to
bring the shad to full maturity
the shad will be our national fish,
and will be caught in every stream
in tbe Union. Some of these shad
eggs have been deposited in the
tributaries of the Mississippi and of
thereat lakes. But the latter is "i
experiment, . the shad hitherto lav
ing always found his way to s"'1
water. But small shell-fish, of the
same species as the shad freil" P011
in the bottom of theoi. having
been found in the depths of the
great lakes, it has K-en determined
to try the experiment of both shad
and salmon for lakes.
But it is no experiment to stock
rivers running to the sea with food
fishes I" 1807 the ova of shad was
first carriol to the former hatching
place'"' tl,e headwaters of the Con-e'i-ticiit.
During the three years
required for their growth, the Con
necticut was so empty of ii.ih that the
fisheries of the lower part of the riv
er were wholly abandoned. But in
1870 large schools began to pass up
the river, and they have continued
to grow in numbers and in weight
till this year, when in the height of
the season shad were sold on the
spot where they were caught at f 3
per 100. Streams in Southern Mass
achusetts have been restocked with
ale-wives, so that 100 tons of fish
food are now taken from streams
that six years ago were without a
fish; and the supply of this fish in
the streams has restocked the mouths
of the rivers and the shores with
larger and more nutritions fish, at
tracted thither by the plenteousness
of thjeir favorite bait.
It is an interesting fact, develop
ed by these investigations, that the
fish when too young to take care of
itself, is best cared for by man, but
that when instinct is once fully de
veloped, nature is better than man.
The impregnation of the egg is much
better secured by artificial means
than when left to the fishes them
selves; but when hatched, nature
takes better care than man. A few
years ago the young fish were care-
i u n v cooped up, rattened, and in
trusted to himself only when fully
started in life. The consequence was
that when once left free in his na
tive waters he became the prey of
his numerous enemies, against whom
he had no instinctive resources. But
when the young of any fish, first
loosened from the yokebag, finds it
self alone in its native waters, it at
once sinks to the bottom, where its
color renders it undistinguishable
from the sand by which it is sur
rounded. . As it grows up, it learns
self-preservation by flight, so that
the proportion of survivers is found
to be larger under the let alone prin
ciple than under man's most careful
From the Pacific Rural Press.
The proof-reader has the floor. It
is so seldom that this much abused
individual has an opportunity to
speak for himself, that he may per
haps be forgiven if for once he be
comes garrulous, aud even a" little
spiteful. Any one who is acquaint
ed with newspaper work under
stand the peculiar and not over-
comfortable position occupied by
the proof reader, but for the ben
efit of the uniniated the situation is
briefly reviewed. To describe it
geometrically, a square may be im
agined in the centre of which stands
the proof-reader; at each corner are
his natural enemies, the writers, the
printers, the great reading public,
and last and worst of all himself.
A cross-fire is usuallv considered a
bad thing to get into; but when the
cross is doubled, so to speak, it be
comes more than human nature can
well bear. TLe writers agonize if a
word or comma of their precious
manuscript be altered; the composi
tors also row if "copy" is changed;
the great public wonder how the
stupid wretch of a proof-reader got
things so mixed: and his own con
science troubles him because he has
not been more relentless, even at
the risk of the first two classes of
critics. He stands alone, in the cen
tre of never ceasing fire. Truly it
needs a marty's courage, or a stoic's
indifference, to maintain a calm
front. But then, if he is thus as
sailed, he has also jnst grounds of
complaint against at least two or
ders of foes. The writers perse
verely say what they evidently don't
mean in a language that might as
well be Syriac, or do their worst in
covering errors of sense and of
grammar under illegible chirography.
And the printers are not much bet
ter, lime is money to them, it to
any ; and the first interpretation to-
the ottentimes cabalistic hieroglyph
ics they are called upon to '.'set is
accepted and acted on, regardless of
the' frenzy of the horror-stricken:
author, or the bewilderment of the
But as the contributors are gener
ally the least merciful. Our proof
reader proceeds to accuse them.
first. The most direct mode of con
viction is to give a few instances of
the manner in which they perplex:
and overwhelm both printer and
proof-reader by carelessness in con
struction of sentences, etc., which
have required only a moment's time,
perhaps, to put upon paper; bu;
which call for careful study or lucky
guess work, occupying much time,
before they became intelligible to
the reader. Such slips are most
frequently owing mere to the want
of care, but sometimes, are not due
to a perverse contempt for the sim
plest rules of speech. To begin at
An attache of this office, whose
manuscript unfortunately came to
our proof-reader's notice, in a Bingle
article, was guilty of the following:
"Hats are manufactured in a dozen
establishments, not more than three,
however, being of any size
Two powder factories, or rather, we
should sav, explosive factories."
Pretty rough on the hats and
the powder factories, that. It -:s
hardly necessary to specify wticn
particular section of theould coun
thry this editor hails from.
Another gentlemen vno wrues
for the Press is sometnes a little
careless about his spelling. -inis
dou't matter much !d ordinary cases
but when it cons to "stageerer.
for stao-gerer. and almost UiegiDie
t tl,nt it becomes a matter for five
minutes'rrayerful cousiderationt not
always rewarded by success. In
this connection, it must be remem
bered that Andrew Jackson was ac-
used ot baa spelling, oui, ooun
J.nidoloh. defended him by declar
ing "that a man must be a fool who
could not spell words more ways
Iu the JPress office all the editors
would not be absolutely certain of
carrying off prizes for penmanship;
but so long as there is English at
the bottom of the obscure bothooks
and hangers, there is always a fair
chance of getting at it, and nobody
Occasionally, however, there is a
muss; as when, for instance, a cor
respondent in writing of the wonder
ful restoration of Chicago, since the
fire, grows classical and speaks of
"ATejitune rising from the ashes;"
or when a reporting committee-man
deliberately says: "Visiting mem
bers were invited ti l"ko 8eats "
the floor." . ,
On the whole, it isn t a bad idea,
after all, to write moderately plain
ly. This conclusion is reached on
reading a sentence of one of our
Grange frieuds, which should have
read:"" We are not taking the ragtags
and bobtails of creation luto our
Order," and which was so penned
that the compositor was really jus
tified in calling a t a to , and send
ing in a proof sheet with : We are
now takinz the raar-tags and bob
tails of creation into our Order!" a
piece of news which would certainly
have astonished the Grangers at
large, as well as the particular cor
respondent. We. .noticed in Moore's Rural
New Yorker, an account of the no
ble conduct of a Newfoundland dog,
which bravely plunged, to rescue a
drowning person, "from a bluff fully
fifteen feet out of the water." It
would be hard to say whether the
compositor was to blame for his evi
dent servatism in the matter of fig
ures, for probably the "copy" was
here only a conundrum.
Pnnctuation is a matter for which
the compositor and proof reader are
responsible; yet, in some cases, the
fault, if there be one, should be at
tributed to the writer. The import
ance of correct punctuation was
strongly illustrated, recently at a
meeting of the Ways and Means
Committee, when it was shown that
a comma in one place was worth 2,
000,000. In the tariff bill which
went into effect Aug. 1, 1872, the
free list was extended by the addi
tion of several hundred articles.
Among the number added were
'frnit plants, tropical and semi-tropical,"
for the purpose of propoga
tion and cultivation. In engrossing
the bill, or in the process of copy
ing it for official printing, a comma
was inserted after "fruit," and all
fruit was thereby placed upon the
free list. The custom officers how
ever, not noticing the change, con
tinued to collect duties on fruit un
til the error was discovered. .The
Ways and Means Committee report
ed a bill to remove the comma, in
accordance with intent of the law
of 1872. The amount of tax illegally
collected is not far from $2,000,000.
The comma, like the tongue, is a
little tiling, and like it will make
nonsense, just according as it is
used. Take, for instance, the old
nursery rhyme. With the commas
misplaced, it is so nonsensical that
it needs a commentary to explain it:
Eyery lady in Uie laud
Has twenty nails on eaeli band,
Five and twenty on hands and feet ;
This is true without deceit.
After the position of the commas Sfld
the meaning is clear : ; :
Every lady in the land
Has twenty nails, on each hand
Five, and twenty on hands and feet ;
This is true without deceit
The omission of a comma has fre
quently given a very awkward turn
to a sentence. We remember an
epitaph which suffered severely
from such an oversight. It ran
pretty much as follows: "Erected
to the memory of John Phillips,
accidentally shot as a mark of affec
tion by his brother."
A printer meddling with a verdict
of a Coroners jury, struck out a
comma after the word "apoplexy,"
making it read thus : "Decease
came to his death by excessive
drinking, producing apoplexy in the
minds of ;the jury."
A correspondent introduces a
piece of poetry, to the editor of an
American newspaper in these words:
"The following lines jwere written
fifty years ago by one wb nas ior
many years slept in his grave mere
ly for his amusement." A comma
at -"grave," would have rendered
the.entence, at all events, compre
hensibly though nothing would
efface it .absurd diction.
JOTTINGS BY THE WAY.
Among tlie educational institutions of
tlte city, iSfd ,moU prominent, is Mrs.
Wi Harris's Female -Seminary one of thC
oldest in the country. Its location is in
thelseart of the city, tai in tHe finest
portiast. The beautiful park, .piled with
forest -trees adds much to the beuty And
attractiveness of the Seminary. Jt4e-,
servedly ranks among the first in tle
Another acrted school is the "Rcnsslaer
Polytechnic Instftiite." Many of our best
civil lencineera 'e eraduates of this
school. It rooks ver- bigu in this depart
ment of education. .sad is well patroniz
ed. On the east -of ilke eiCy, ia Mt. Ida,
about four liundred ft. L.iSn- n 11
stands the fine college a)uMintTS erected
by the "Troy Conference" and -"r some
years used by them. But Jiere gi"a lue
same old evil cropped out 1'hrre were
too many such schools, and there mu .
lack of attendance, and consequent lack
of funds lo endow or carry it on. The
result was. It bad to be sold, and the pur
chasers ere the "Sisters of Charily."
thus oie of the fineat pieces of property,
and the most valuable of sites in all tbat
region, is in the bads of the Catholics. So
in many other towns, ther have the best
sites of real estate to be found.
Troy has its Mt. Ida. like Troy of old
Where is old Kinjj "Priam," and who
will trot out and bring into the city the
On the following Monday, I started on
my trip down tbe beautiful Hudson, visit-
injj the larger towns and villages on
either bank. A more larorable season
could not have ,been chosen in which lo
gain the most pleasure from the ever-
varying, bold, and grand scenery for
which this alream is so noted. It was the
loveliest and balmiest of Indian Summer
days, when the hazy atmosphere gives
such a wlerd, dreamy, enchanting ap
pearance to forest, peaceful landscape iud
towering mountain -sides.
Thirty miles below Albany, Is Athens
population, 2,000 situ alo on the west
bank. It is a place of larjje shipping In
terest, having a rich country on the west,
whose products here And an outlet Op
posite the upper pari of the town, in 1847,
the steamer "Swallow" was wrecked one)
dark, stormy night. Government has re
moved the little rocky island on which
Over against Ather.8 is the fine city of
Hiulsou of population. Its growth
very slow but substantial. The city
occupies a very elevated position pre
senting a fine outlook upon the river and
distant mountains. I here met and spent
few houis with those most genial and
honored frjends whom so many ofna
have met at Ashtabula 1 horn uone know
Hudson, N. Y. Oct. 21, 1874.
No man can truly feel tor the
poor without feeling in hia pocket
Oath of the Ch icago girl Bny
The most valuable prize Enter
prise. Sweets for the ill-tempered Tart
The oldest Western editor the
Household words the language
in a receipt for rent.
Like begets like. A Roman puucb
for a Roman nose.
A man who is out of pocket
might as well be oat of town.
How to get rich Live on air and
sleep on a clothes line.
The Cuirass is all the rage with,
the ladies. Balaam rode one.
A man with a big nose isn't al
ways handsome, but he's nobby.
A philosopher has discovered
that men don't object to be overrat
ed, except by assessors, . .
Cicero saidr "the pursuit of all
things should be calm and tranquil."
How about capturing fleas?
The good of a man's life cannot
be measured by the length of hag fi-
In the well settled districts of
Texas you can get a free ride on a
hearse by picking up a rattlesnake,
"The one thing needfnl for the
perfect enjoyment of love is ion
fidence." Same with hash and sag
sages. When a dead man is spoken of aa
"the late Mr. Smith," the inference
is that he did not die early enough.
The crow is not so bad a bird af
ter all. It never shows - the white
feather and never complains without
caws. y '
An Eastern paper intimates that
Treasurer Spinner acquired his habit
of profanity while learning lo read '
his own writing.
A man in danger of being hanged
said that of all the games of his
childhood, skipping the rope would
be most agreeable.
V hat s the use, in these days, try
ing to be honest ? exclaimed a grum
bler. Oh, you ought to try it once
and see, retorted one of his compan
ions. A Western paper chronicles a
marnage in this suggestive style:
"The company resolved themselvea
in&o .a committee of two, with -
er to add their number."
A San Juan miner who baa been
prospecting in southwestern Cclo;ac
do has found a whole forest of pet
rified trees, with petrified birds sit
ting on the limbs singing petrified
songs. - "
Douglas Jerrold says, in his
"Hedgehog Letters," that "respect
ability is ajl well enough for tolka
who can have it for ready money;
but to be obliged to run in debt for
it, is enough to break the heart of
A Canadian man tied his dog to
the end of a rear car the other day,
and then bet the beast could keep up
with the train. Strange to say,
when they got into Detroit, the dog
was ahead there was nothing else)
left of him.
"That dog of yourn flew at me
this morning and bit me on the leg
and I notify yo' that I intend to
shoot it the first time I sea it." "The
dog is not mad." "Mad! I know he
is not mad. What's he got to be
mad about? It's me that's mad."
A popular clergyman aayg it la
interesting to observe how many peo
ple go to the circus "just to please
the children," and very curious to
notice that sometimes it takes sev
eral able-bodied men and motherly
woman to look after one little boy
or gM on such an occasion.
Iftie old man will insist on ta
king a siflke after going lo bed at
night, tbe soojwr the house is in
sured for twice its ,valii the more
complacent will be 'the feelings of
the relatives who stand "by whe
the firemen bnt among the ruins
for his bones.
Mrs. Yibbard suggested, in the
Chicago Woman's Convention, that
the danger of wearing corsets be
obviated by the ladies having
their husbands rub them after taking
off the garments aforesaid. The
idea is a good one. We have sent
Mrs. Vibbard's husband a ream of
Oac of the least flattering tributes
evr paid to a rising young artist,
has been paid to a Cincinnati daub
er by a Western critic "He pos
sessess some merit as an artist, but
it is hard to .ay whether it lies in
landscape or marine paintings you
cannot tell his cows from his ships,
except when you have their tails e
alted, when the absence of spars
betray their characters. Even then
they may be mistaken for schooners
sc.iiddiniTS nnder bam nolps!"
There is a very curious fact
mentioned by Catlin, who traveled
in the West, and wrote two volumes
on the Indians. He states that the
calves of the buffalo, if they are
caught and the air from the lungs of
a man is strongly breathed into their
nostrils, will become so fascinated
by that peculiar influence that they
will run after the horse of the hun
ter, and follow him five or six miles.
It is said, and Mr. Catlin affirms,
that in Texas, or in other parts of
the country where there are wild
horses taken by the lasso, if the hun
ter succeeds in taking hold of their
nostrils, and then forcibly expels
air from his luugs into the nostrils
of the horse, he will follow him any
where, ana become pertecUy tame.
These facts deserve to be studied. I
have heard that- when Mr. Karey
acted so powerfully on very violent
horses, both in this country and in
Europe, he had somethipf to do.
with their nostrils also. Yfit be
did, however, he kept in a fraat
measure secret That ptrt ol its sys
tem, at any rate, has a gfH 4al to
do in (iumnuhing tne activity of
principal organs. It is very os'.ural,
therefore, that such a power should
be acquired by one woo has done
such a thing to an animal as intelli
gent as the none xchangu