Search America's historic newspapers pages from - or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities external link and the Library of Congress. Learn more
title: 'Ashtabula weekly telegraph. (Ashtabula, Ohio) 1880-1886, September 24, 1880, Image 7',
meta: 'News about Chronicling America - RSS Feed',
Image provided by: Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH
All ways to connect
Inspector General |
External Link Disclaimer |
JAMIT.S RKF.D SON, Prop'r.
ASHTAIU'LaT l i OHIO.
FRAUD AND VIOLENCE.
How Alabama Was Converted into a Stalwart
Demoeratle State—A Record of
Fraud that is Absolutely Appalling in Its
The Itopubllfnn Rtnto CnmmKtoo nf AI
tmtna huvn )i-cpHifl tlie lollottlng stHttliiiK
arln'"H to tw cHini ry :
When tin- 1-uioci nt Mine Into powrr In
Aliibumit In 1H74 ttiry lounil mi election Ihyv In
ioi-rij which iirovtifcd in icr nut c nurd h fur
tho hftllot, nixl whirl, wan )ut Httil (iiltulilo
wltli rcHpcct to tin-rllilHof the I wo political
imrl Ii-h. Tim IwllotH were reiiiltel to Mi Minn
frclop(nit('l)iiiitinMi( t lie voter n tin poll
lint; ItiinicMlutly Hftcr the rtom of tlm clrc-
llon the ImlWri worn no,nliTfl to hoconntol
out and ii en rept return thereof made, which
return, to$ftUhcr with tho poll IImIs and the
oiiutiml ballot, were rnoutreil to la for
w unli'l to the oftlce of t)io I'rolnitw Jude of
the county, ami there riled n public records ;
wlllilii H nnort tliim thurcultor the I'rolmto
Jtidtfo, Slit'i ltT, nnd Cltrk of tlw Chcnlt Court,
v ho were ronstltiiUHl a ltnnnl of 8uptrvlfMUM,
wererei"ired to iitriitn make ti count ot th
otcw und to coi'i-cct nil errors, nrnlsHloim, or
frumlrtol which the tnupwtoi'H of tho ilectliu
mity Imvr been kiiIUv. If, nftcr the itctlon of
the Supervising, mi y fmil'ion t hut frtitid hud
been oominttten, or error hud been liiade, re
liudued in the mind of any prr-on, the ballots
hum the Reenn)iiivHi pnpers wero ulwuys
forthcoming to n-ivcr for t nemtelves In any
court whew the nuestloii mltrlit he tried.
'i lioie who le.il r tho purity f elections
rould Hk for nu letter Ihw. lint the Dcinn--iatlc
party was diremtlMird w ltli It. It had
just triumphed, but by u meager minority. It
Jiad been found nece usury tohuiugurate.fi
reiirn ot terror throughout the entire interior
of the stitle. HtllingH was waylaid and iihhhh
elnutcd In Sumter County. Miorlly the mull
train on the Alabama nnd Cliattauooga Hull
road M iiH flagged in the bihuc countv tn open
day, by a band ol armed men, and Mail Agent
Ivey wan riddled with Inilletn for having de
clared that the murderer of Hillings should be
lu-ought to juMieo. At Mining Hill, Harbour
County, the polling place um broken into, tho
ballotn ilesiroied, and In the attempt ly the
mob to Mh not tlie KepiilHican Supervbor,.liHlgo
Keilt, liirt little foui teenyearoW son was
murdered. The murderers havo never
lieen punMipd or tried, but more thnnone
of tho persons, wliote public reputation it it
to have been concerned In the murder, have
lienn honored bv Democratic otllces in tho
Jtopublh an county thus nmdo Democratic.
Armed bands of men rode through the streets
of Mobile during all ot the elect ion day,
faulting find murdering inoffensive colored
men, and lati-r on the terror caused by these
1anil8 wns supplemented by military guaid
with bavonets and uniforms of vray nteaehef
the polling places. Notwithstanding these
Suets, and other of a similar character
which could bo truthfully enumerated, the
liepubUcans, white and black, hud rallied to
the staiulurd of tholr party, and under tho
most adverse circumstiiuces had polled a
vote of W,uw, a vote which w as a standing
menace to DtmociHtto ascendency.
It was the eonseiotisness of this fact that
caused the Democratic party to enter upon a
retorui " of the election law, to the end that
that w hich they bad accomplished with so
much dillleulty by violence, and whleh re
mained so insecure, might be made easy, cer
tain and secure bv traud. Tho statutes of the
Mates of the V nion inav be searched In vain
torn parallel to tho election law which was
then framed and passed bv the Democratic
Legislature of Alabama. It not only utterly
failed to provide safeguards where safeguards
wero required, out it ciuaieu opportunities,
and olbn ed suggestloiis, which the mont dull-
witted could nut fail to comprehend. It was
provided that tho Inspectors, alter having
counted out the votes, should indorse tho re
turns, with one pull list, in one box, which
Khould be forwarded to the Sheriff of tho coun
ty, and that tho ballots, with the other poll list,
ishould be retained by one of tho Inspectors for
Bixtv days, and then do-droved, unless in the
meantime a contest fdiould have been com
menccd. It will bo seen that all cheek upon
uHhoncst inspectors is thus toiaiiy uestroyeu
because their bare return is theonly evidence
before the ltoard if bupervisirs, and upon
which they are required to declare tno result,
In the meantime the Inspectors have the evi
dence of their fraud intlieir own possession
mill have ample time to make the votes in the
box conform to the return which they have
made, should neon test be threatened. Or, as
has been alleged in t-otne cases where the boxc
were required, the houses of tho inspectors
may be broken into nnd the boxes stolen, or
they may bo accident ally dropped into tho tiro
nnd burned : or tho liisnectors. making a mis
take as to the dates, may destroy the boxes n
tew (lavs before tho law penults. For all of
these misdeeds of, and "mishaps" to inspect
ors, this "wise" election law provides no pen
ultles. Should these subterfuges full, no great
nunn ts done anywav. mo inuiuuioni return
has subserved its nuriwsobv giving theeerttn
cate of election to the Democratic candidate,
lor in Democratic Alatuimn, no greater impos
sibility could be conceived than for a Itepublf-
can to successfully contest in tho courts the
right ot lJemoeratie candidates to ottioes to
which -they have been declared elected. The
law was found tohaveonedefeet, however. In
Federal elections the Federal courts have Jur
isdiction ot election otlenses.Rim tnese courts,
lakingadvant&geof tho unsuspecting election
managers, had reached forth their hands un
expectedly, and by means of their process
tnken possession of the ballot-boxes, with tho
ballots, and held tho same to be used as evi
dence in tho proseoutlon of indictments for
election fruuds. An unsymputhizing Grand
Jury had found Indictments on tlie evidence
thus presented, and several hundreds of
our best citizens " from the four quarters of
tho State were dragged from their homos to
the courts of Montgomery. Mobile and Hunts-
villo. Homo even were convicted by these
"alien courts" or an " anen uovornment,-
ml uroi-o iiiiiiln (vi mitfnr tlm iisnnmlitv of int.
prlsoiiment in tho common jail, and tfie hard
tnipui restaurant iitrepuia roruy asympin nix
In if and udmlriiii; neonle (which attcrwurd re
m ai ded many of them for tholr martyrdom
with ollicoH of trust and jnolli)-
How to remedy the detect which made this
Invasion of tho 'rights of the citizen possible
was the question which was presented at tho
next session of the legislature. It was then
nnd there determined that the law which
m nvided for the iiumberiuur of the ballots ui
not comport with the theory of tho secresy of
tho ballot, nnd a law was enacted that the
ballot should no longer hn numbered. Lest
some vile and seditious wretch should still be
termite! tn Invade " the sacred see res v ot the
ballot" by putting some murk or brand on
bis tlettet. bv which means he might thereaf
ter identify ft, or by showing its ubsenco bring
the fccU-sacrificing gentlemen who acted as
election malingers to giiei.lt w ustumier pro
vhled that the ballots should bo on plain
while paper, not shortor than live inehee, nor
longer than seven, nor narrower than two
inches, uov wider than two and one-half inch
es, and that it should have no mark or device
whatever on it. All ballots not conforming
Httlctly to these requirements wero to bo re
jected as void. The debate on this measure in
t hetituto Senate and Ilousoof liepresontativei
at the time of Its passage would bo interest
in- i-cndln? for the Northern neonle.
Monte timid souls there wore who suggested
tho. the law provided fur an election by tho
liiHpNclors, und not by tho people, but they
wcte. overborne hx tus advocates of the meas
ure, wan declaimed about tho "sacred socresy
nt t in U ut." ana tueoutraue ot uraggiugn
noceiituten away from their homes on the
testimony of Ignorant and rorrapt negroes
that they had voted contrary to tho ballots in
Kuch u truveaty ol law uiid of government 0Jj
the people was uever ueioiu pivciiieu.
Tho toi-egoiug constltuto tlio chief altera
Hr.Mi.rn.HN.lii Mm election law bv the Demo-
emtio party stnoo ft acquired power in this
Ktate, although there aro innumerable minor
changes, necessary to the smooth and easy
working of their schema of (mud, which point
to their determination to disfranchise the
black man as plainly as those which have
iieretoiure docu iuuiuuiuu.
A few instances, not intended as an enum-
orutlnn hut mm MimulH examilles Of that which
occmrod all over the Btate of Alabama at the
elei-tlon of the !id of August will show that the
spirit which actuated the Legislature and tlie
iovernor, in the pussugu of these inlquiUms
election laws, is allvo uud active in sil cIhsss
of theDeinoc-ratlc party, and that there is no
divltiion in that party us to tho profit ion
thut tho negi-o shall not he ermittcd to have
a voice in the government of the country
where he lives, although a brief exumination
of tho late iHunocratlc census returns will
kliow that he is largely used to swell the ban is
It should ho promised that a majority of the
Republican county otllcers who have Jieen
elected at previous elections have been towed
from their positions by the luws which re
quired them to nnd bondsmen within the lim
its of their own county, a law which was de
signed for no other purjiose than that w hich
it uccompll-hod. No good reason can be giv
en why o Ulcers should not be permitted to
make their bonds In whole or in port any
where within the limits of the 8tute, except
that by confliitiig them to as small an urea as
possible, such of thein as were itc publicans
would, In some localities, be subjected to the
mercy of a class of property holders who are
hostile to them and inimical to tlieir retention
At McGehee's Switch. In Montgomery 3oun
ty.the Jtepublfcans polled 072 votes by actual
count, the hsjpublicah voters leceivfiiK their
tickets from one man.glvlng him their names,
and going straight from him to tho polling
place, holding their tu kot in view to enable
him to see that they deposited the same tick
et they received. These precautious were
adopted in order that the number of Repub
lican votes polied there on that day might be
fixed and ascertained beyond all doubt, be
cause at the elect lun for member of Mo tigress
two vears before, their votes bad een re
turned as cast for the Democratic candidate.
It la Instructive to interject here parentheti
cally, that UK. Mcgehee.one of the Democratic
Inspectors at a tormer election, and who is at
f resent under indictment in the United Mates
lrcuit Court for stuffing tho ballot-box on
that oocfufon, wu one the ncrsuue chosen as
a snisrdlsn of ths people's ballot nt this bos
UI tills ce thill.
Alter the eleellun Itsd piogrensed, without
Oiis thieub'iilug Incident, lo It lo-e st 1
o'clock, the Jo publican I iiNpf tor, a colore d
inn II, deiiiiill'leit 1 bat I be voIi-h chould be ttii -mcdtalely
i-niiniod us the 1m w dln-cicd, hut
could not p-r"ii)ide th otlwr IiMpeeiors to
Join hhn In the count, lli-t uin eeiiMO sod
then ucolhcr being nH.-M-d lor the deittv.
About ll o'ebs-k a nillitmy eompimv from
Mont gome i y, t he " t i eys," under cmniiiiiiMl of
Col. Joiicfl, eommaiellng timid Alabama Mili
tia, npimi ed upon t be grr miids, supported by
an in inert pusso of ulfoilt thirty citizens from
The auti of tho delay then heeama ap
parent. Tho wretches who were housed In
side, contemplating tho villainy they were
about to perpetrate, became atrald ol the in
Oi i; iinl frm and ruth ol the largo number of
colored men who were quietly awaiting on
the rou ml to hear the verdict of the election
announced, anil had scut a report to the city
that they were threatened by the colored men,
and that there wnH danger of a collision, lbs
(Jovcrnor id tho Mute had thereupon iNSiied
his mandate, mustered bis bayonets, and dis
patched them wlttl nil speed to the us-dstanco
ot his threatened compatriots. The soldiers
took up tlieli station, und the count proceded.
The detail of I hofurco enacted here havo been
before published. After counting out lis l(o
publican and ft) Democratic votes, the candle
was accidentally extinguished, the ballot-box
disappeared from the table, reappeared, tlfo
catnllo wan relighted, the box was discovered
to bo full of tickets, whore before it bad
been only partly full by reason of tho dimin
ution caused by those already counted,
and large numbers of Republican ballots
were scattered all over the room, where bo
lore there had been none. The colored In
spector, inexperienced though ho was, could
not mistake the meaning ot ull this, and,
timid ii" he was Inexperienced, ho yet rained
up his voice in protest. This was the point to
w hich it hud been de-drcd to bring hhn. Tho
other Im-peetor and the Clerks pretended to
be indignant at an "imputation of I heir In
tegrity," and rcHciitvd tho same with Ian
gunge of such foit-e, accompanied by demon-
i much cuaracier. mat m giuiiy in
dividual made haste lo Join his friends out
side. Alter being somewhat reassured by
them, he attempted to icriutt enter the poll
ing-place ami resume nis mines as inspector,
but was met bv tin siateincnt tluit us he bad
voluntarily abandoned his post, he could not
ii. i ne inspectors men procecucu
mnt. and made a return, uivlng the!
ItcpuhllcainT U votes and the DemuciutsuiU
There aro two singular circumstances in
muection with the election at this point,
which should he marked down. The first is,
that of the lirst IT.'Y voles taken from the box
while the Itcpublican inspector was there, lit!
Republican votes, while of the fioo votes
taken Irmn tin box after the Republican In
spector had abandoned his duty, only Hi aero
Republican votes. The second Is, how l.vi
colored men were enabled to terrorize lilU
icmocrais, white and black, at that place,
and put litem In such deadly fright that they
required a military company, unitorined and
armed with bnvonets, to assist thein in col
lecting the "votes ot tho f reunion" who votod
there onthnt day.
At Kendall's Meat, in Montgomery' t'ounty.
nt which place a list of names of Republican
ters was Kopt lor tno same purpose as at
Met ichee's, 644 Republican voles and tV Demo
cratic wero deposited. Ae this place tho
Democratic inspectors, reiying on tne igno
rance of tho old colored man acting us the
Republican inspector, who was also partially
blind, proceeded, with slight etlorts at con
cealment, to substitute Democratic for Re
publican ballots, but went not enabled to
miiKO us complete a revolution as in incomer
beat, because the old colored man developed
an amount of intelligence and decision of
character which prevented. The Republican
limioriiv Ol 4 wasreuueeu, nowever, vo , vnw
only majority allowed anywhere in the whole
ty at this election, and even tills majority
was not allowed us by tlie ooaru ol super
visors who compared the returns nnd tabu
lated tho same, but was thrown out because
more votes were returned than appeared on
the pull-list. The inspectors " had got things
At Robinson's a Roads, Montgomery county,
a record of the Republican voters was kept by
Mr. Di Ward, one ot tint oldest and host citizens
ot the preciuct, and it showed that .V0 Repub
lican votes wero poncu. J no j'eiinici m iu
voto nt tho outside limits did not exceed llity.
The only disturbance during the day occurred
UUout .1 o ciock, huu was ucih ecu two coioreu
men, one of w lion) w as wounded by a pistol
shot. The polls wi re kept open till " o'clock,
as bv law required, una voting eontinuett un
til tho very dosV. Tho colored man who
acted as Inspector then proposed to proceed
with the count, but was Informed by the other
Inspector sthat thcvdld not propose to count,
that the disturbance at the polls at :( o'clock
had invalidated the election. They then
closed up the pollingpluce.carricdotf the box
containing the ballots, and from that time to
this no information has been received in any
Official quarters us to tho voto at this box.
Tho same thing occurred at Porter's Beat,
where tho vote was about 401 1 Republican to
fifty Deiiiocratic.bnt at that precinct t here was
not one incident of a threatening character
upon which to ground an excuse for not
counting. Why they were not counted Is not
known. Wo only know that tho Inspec tors,
after receiving; votes nil day, hove utterly
failed to mako any return whatever, and by
their arbitrary and unlawful omissions have
disfranchised about WW voters. Why the mo
notony was varied at this beat and the Re
publican majority only suppressed, iusteud
of being transposed, is perhaps accounted for
by the fact that the Republicans, remember
lug their experience in former elections, when
thov had been counted out, determined td re
main at the polls en masse until their vote
had boon declared. This fact, aided by sun
dry remarks, which were made during the
day end night, that tho Republicans only
wanted a fair count, and that they would have
that, appears to have bad a salutary effect on
the minds of the Inspectors, and they did not
feol it safe to close the building und go away
with the ballot-box in tho presence of the
crowd outside, without giving it a pacifying
assurance. Tho statement was accordingly
made to them thut the vote as counted show
ed the Republicans to have ft-to majority, nev
ertheless they were suppressed all the same.
At Old Klani the list oi votes showed that 446
Republican votes had been polled to Hi Dem
ocratic. Tho count proceeded at this place
until Republican votes and flvo Demo
cratic votes had been counted out. At this
juncture the candle expired, and It appeared
that no other light could be procured. It was
accordingly proposed to Charles Tone, the
colored Inspector, who had been selected for
tho position because of his ignorance and
stupidity, that all the votes be placed togeth
er and sent to town, in lieu of a return, which
proposition l'ope accepted. This proceeding
vitiated every thing, because under this law
tho Inspectors are required to mako tho count
Immediately, and It is upon their return, and
not by a count of the votes, that tho Hoard of
Supervisors declare the result. To make the
thing sale, however, and to make the injury
resulting from their action irreparable, the
vote as cast and all the loose papers and
trash in tho room, with several hundred bal
lots of both parties which had not been voted
were dumped indiscriminately into a hag and
sent to tho aheriit's olllcu us tho return from
At Cnlon Aeudemv Rod Dooley, whore the
Republican votes exceed the Democ ratic, tho
latter havo been returned as having majori
ties. The features at tho count of those beats
do not differ materially from those related as
to the other beats, except that the Inspectors,
instead of transposing tho Republican and
Democratic vores, as was done elsewhere, ap
pear to have attempted to extend the Demo
cratic voto beyond tho Republican vote with
out diminishing the latter. They did not
bear In mind the lute census returns, howev
er, and havo returned more votes from their
precinct than those returns show there are
malo citizen over twenty-one veal's of uge.
In the city of Montgomery, where it was not
supposed uny attempt wuum u muiw mi
sliy tho count, tho precautions to uscertain
our voto were not taken as in the country
precincts, and tho Republican majority of
1,400 iii ls;a, and of about the same number in
1K78, was this timo trunsposod into a Demo
cratic majority of about WW. There are still
some indicia extant. Tho intelligent white
Republicans, who had been ottered by the ite
IuiulicaiiH as 1 1 m pec torn at the City boxen, had
icen rejected foi colored men, who coulu not
write nor rcau.or w uo.it waa nupponeu,wouiu
Ite plltuitln tiie ItiuuU of their aHoclate8.
The Democrat became aware before election
day that h mistake hud been made aw to one
of the up po in teed, who whn a Rinart and ref
late colored man. On the morning of election
the latter presented hiniwlf at the voting
place to uHHuute ills duties half an hour be
fore the time fixed by law for opening the
polls. He was refused entrance into the
room on the pretext that he arrived too lute,
and that the election officer hud already met,
organized and filled hU place. ,The Hepuhli
cans of the city bad no candidates for Justice
of the peace and constable. Many of them
picked out some name no one else would be
likely to think of, and voted it for one or
tlie Other of these of Hoes. It fsnotfoeablethat
not one of the persons ho voted for Is returned
as receiving a wiiiKle vote.
llefore the eleotion the leading Republicans
of Wilcox County, fearing that they could not
get a fair count In the eastern end of the coun
ty concluded to advie the Republicans in
several precincts not to vote, and then the
Democratic steal would be more palpable.
Republicans posted themselves near the polls,
and took down the name of every colored man
who votctL At 8 now Hill seven colored men
voted. Tho Democrats gave theuiHclves, in
their official return at this precinct, AW votes.
Hut according to the census returns of last
Juno, there are only Wi whiui living in the
precinct over tweiuv-one years of age. Add
to the white the seven colored vote., mid wo
have a total of Mi vol polled at this pre
cinct. 4HU less than die urtlcml return. At
AUcntowu precinct two colored men Voted.
The DemiMTntsgttvo themselves 347 votes, 'the
lat census show shut sixty-two whites in the
precinct over twenty-one years of age. Total
siAty-four votes, iKi lens than the oillclal re
turn. It wus the same at 1'ine Apple. In Hon
ham's precinct the returns gave the Republic-am
twenty-two votes, and the Democrats
47b, making the total vote 4tW, or 14i more
males twenty-one yours of age than reside In
the precinct, according lo the census.
Lowndes Count v, w hich bos a legitimate Re
publican majority of 3.UO0, und which has
alwavs cast its vote tvrthu Republicans, was
this time stolen from them by a Democratic
luajmity of i,0uO. Al ail the puIJo 1Mb vt Uo-
puhlicsii voter were kept br Intelligent men,
en' b m iter iti tii I iii name an he pit- cd up to
Vole, find mi e (audita I Ion of I hone lUln miow
that the l.c publican never voted more ml idly.
In thut county, which Is entirely devou-d to
planting, the backs outnumber the whites
enormously , 1 1) i ,r'ii ( mini y the J(epMblt hii
candidate for I'tohute Judtfc was elected by
over y ,o 10 nm)o)lly, bt betide ),n same
InnidN committed ail enumerated above, the
olllre o the sheriff was broken Into and a Ihk
with 74(1 U publican majority stolen, and then
th Demoerntic cHtiriidate was declared elect
d by twenty seven majority.
It would be Impossible lo give a detailed ac
count ot the frauds which occurred through
out the Hate at this election, which would
occupy the entire imica of h dsilv newsunimr.
but It would bo a mere repetition of what has
already been given. It N HiilHr-lent to say
that In all cases where it was possible Repub
lican majorities havo been deliberately
counted tor the uemocriirf, oi timy have peeii
nullified nnd destroyed by tho act Ion of tho
very men who were appointed to receive, re
cord und preserve them,
'Jo-day Alabama is Republican by 20,000
majority, If tho votes which ate put In the
ballot-boxes were honestly counted. Tho
foregoing lucts, which are vouched tor as true
by persons who wero on the gioiiud tu each
case, In some esses vouched (or by aflldavlts,
when coTiHldered In connection with toe pro
vl-lons of the election law and with the no
tlon of tho ollleei-M under that law,otahll-dnd
beyond all doubt tho purpose of the Demo
cratic party of Alabama, at least, to ignore,
disrcguid and mi 1 1 1 1 the last constitutional
amendineiits by disirunchlsing the enilio col
ored population ot t he State. The action of
an entire community. In engaging In, accept
ing or Just flying frauds of the character which
have been 'detailed, can not be ascribed to
depravity, because a w hole community can
not be tnorullv depraved.
The truth is" that the people are as much op
posed to negro sulfnige now as they ever
were, and while professedly accepting the
constitutional amendments, do not regard it
H an o Ifen so morally to take advantage ol t bo
timidity and Ignoruuco ot the ueuro to nullity
It is only upon this theory that participa
tion ot otherwise honorable men in these
frauds, or acceptance of tho results of tho
frauds by men id that character can bo ac
counted for. While this few tmiv lessen t bo
turpitude of the acts committed, belore their
own conscience), it does not lessen tho f'-ur
und distrust which the people of the Nation
should feel at the domination of the country
by people w ho can bring themselves to bo f col
An earnest and a manful struggle for a fair,
full, and free election bus just eipled ; the voto
of nearly loo, noo true nnd loyal men has been
overt brown by the bold and shameless irauds,
that can and will be guarded lexafnst in No
vember, of a few hundred election managers
w hose consciences and fears are hushed, and
whose hopes arc excited by the " wild, sweet
music ot this rebel yell." lint "The mill can
never grind with the water that bus passed."
By older of the
Kei luuc.vn Stats Committf.k,
The Treatment of Maud S.
Mai d S. is a highly bred mare, and
wants to be humored. Her heart is won
by kindness. Slio will not stand harsh
treat ment ; will not prove obedient under
rough usage. Uoth. lilair and his wife
made much of Maud S. They petted
her, and treated her to apples and lumps
of Busbar. The result is, that she will
eagerly respond to their call. When
jogging on the track at Chester Park,
the presence of Mrs. Blair near tho rail
at any time, would cause Maud to tun.
in that direction. All last winter the
mare ran in a roomy box. In April she
was put in front of a break cart, and
Mr. Blair drove her about the streets of
Clifton and Cincinnati, and thus got her
accustomed to the noise and bustle of
the toiling world. He also harnessed hoc
double, and taught her to drive on either
side. She always behaved well to the
Cole. She does not like blinds to her
ridlc, but will trot with any kind of bit
in her mouth. All she asks is mat tne
driver shall not pull on the bit. Sho
stands 15.2 1-2 forward, nnd is plump
sixteen hands behind. Her weight
ytiO pounds. In her races this year she
has been driven to a nfty-ono pound
sulky, but Blair is having made for her
a sulky weighing forty-live pounds. She
wears a fifteen and a half ounce shoe
forward, and a nine ounce shoe behind.
She also carries four ounce toe weights.
For two weeks after her arrival at the
Queen City, she will bo turned at 6 every
evening into a six-acre grass lot, and be
allowed to run until 9 o'clock. This will
keep her hair from fading under the
sun's rays, and it will cool Tier out thor
oughly. After two weeks1 run at grass
she will be led every day for two weeks
behind a break cart, so padded that she
can not hurt herself. She will then be
condition to order at short notice for
fast mile, should Mr. Vanderbilt desire
to see one on his return. Blair says he
had hoped to give her a record
2 :09 3-4 before the close of the season.
At Rochester she trotted solely on her
courage. He thinks she can go to the
nait-mue poie in l :uj. lurr, fiaa ana
The Treatment of Maud S. Who Owns Her Clothes !
In Pratt against State (an Ohio case)
it was held that necessary and suitable
clothing furnished by a husband to his
wife, or purchased by her with money
or means given to her by her husband
for that purpose, does not become her
separate property within the meaning
of the statute concerning tlie rights and
liabilities of married women. T ne Court
said: "Notwithstanding the very com
prehensive terms of tins statute, a ma
jority of the Court are of the opinion
that they do not embrace the wearing
apparel of the wife, furnished by
husband, or purchased by her with
money or means given to her by the hus
band for that purpose. As to such prop
erty, it was not intended by the statute
to deprive the husband of all ownership
or control ; for surely, while the duty
the husband to furnish his wife with
necessary and suitable clothing is con
tinued, it was not intended to deprive
him of tho right to control and preserve
it. Nor does it make any difference,
where a wife purchases her apparel with
pin-money given to her by her husband
to be expended according to her will
and pleasure. Of such property, the
possession of the wife is the possession
of the husband. It has been held, how
ever, iby the Supreme Court of Indiana
that a statute similar to ours operates
as to clothing of the wife acquired other
wise than from the husband, or through
his means, so as to invest her with
separate estate therein. And we are
inclined to think that there are good
grounds for the distinction. Where the
wife's clothing is furnished by the hus
band, in discharge of his marital duty
toward her, the statute does not divest
him of the property contrary to his in
tentions : while on tne other hand, where
the property is otherwise acquired
the wife, the statute simply prevents
title vesting in him by virtue of his
marital relation. Under the statute the
gift which is declared to be the sep
arate property of the wife, is a voluntary
one, as all gifts must be, and does not
embrace necessaries which a husband
under a legal duty to furnish his wife."
Under our (New York) statute a mar
ried woman can sue in her own name
for injury to her paraphernalia; but
the absence of proof of a gift to her, the
husband can sue. Albany Law Journal?
"Is the train behind time?11 in
quired a gentleman at the station. 41 No,
surr,11 replied tho porter, "it's notbe
hoind tonne, surr, but it's jist behoind
the bridge beyant there.'
A yonng lady wrote some verses for
a paper about her birthday, and head
ed them "May 80th." It almost made
her hair turn gray when it appeared
print " My 80th."
Wa presume that pork is a favorite
diet in Utah ; at least almost every othei
man has his spare rib at dinner.
Apples, Apple Juice, Cider, Vinegar.
Tins Is mMt eniphntlrally thf Iwar
Inirvciir1 with fi!iloi. Kotonlvarw
well-kept orchard in full bearing, but
every superannuated ana nau-Heenjeu
treu, and every scrub and ehance seed
ling by tho roivNide, is Wmdcd in a man
ner seldom nenn In a lifetime. With this
abundance it U evident that with apnles
there will be a glut In the market.
Then) will bo no rtom except higher
up," and thoso who send poor fruit to
market bad better tine their barrels for
lire-wood and nave the freight charges.
There Is always a certain demand to be
met, but this year only tho select fruit
will supply it. In yeamof plenty, care
ful selection ami neat packages tell.
The almost daily Inquiries as to fruit
dryers show that preparations are being
made to dry a share of this abundance,
and we hope by this article to anticipate
the inquiries that will soon be made m
to disporting of the fruit in the varions
liquid forms. Apple juice, as it comes
from the press, or "sweet cider,1 is
liked by many, and we have Inquiries as
to keeping it in the unfcrnicnted state.
Preserving powders aro advertised, and
some of these from their effectiveness in
preserving fruit will no doubt keep fruit
juice equally well. The majority will
wish to preserve' their sweet eider with
out addition, and these can treat it by
tno samo motnott used in canning mm.
Heat tho cider to the boiling point, bot
tlo and cork it while still hot. When
apple juice is exposed to the air, the
natural ferment it contains causes a
change to take place. Tho sugar in
the juice is converted into alcohol,
and carbonic acid is given off. This
process may bo carried on until all tho
sugar is decomposed, when it is "hard"
cider. The fermentation may be arrest
ed at the desired point by bottling, and
sparkling cider will be the result. This,
which is also called "champagne cider,"
can only be produced by bottling before
the fermentation is quite finished. Tho
best still cider is made from late-ripening
apples, when tho weather is cool,
fermented slowly at as low a tempera
ture as possible, taking care to exclude
tho access of air; when fermentation
has quite ceased, the cider should be
racked off into a clean cask, and kept
securely bunged or bottled. Tho great
use of apples in this year will be to make
vinegar, in tno fermentation ol ciuer,
the sugar of the apple-juice is converted
into alcohol, and in making vinegar,
that alcohol is changed into acetic acid.
The conditions of this change are full
exposure to tho air and a high tempera
ture. Tho richer tho cider in alcohol,
the stronger will bo the vinegar, and tho
more slowly will the change take place.
Ordinarily, the cider is put away in the
cellar or sumo out-building, and in time,
it may be two or three years or more,
will be found to be changed into vine
ear. Those who have heard of tho
" quick vinegar process," thinking it
can bo applied to cider, we are often
asked to give a description of it. In
this process, a liquid containing alcohol,
usually in the form of cheap whisky, is
converted into vinegar in a few hours.
But this is not applicable to cider, for
in the fermentation of cider or other
fruit juices, the change into vinegar is
accompanied by tiie growth of a very low
form of plant, tho mother," as it is
usually called, and this would so clog up
the apparatus of the quick method as to
very soon put a stop to it. Still, the
change of cider may be greatly has
tened. Those who mako cider vinegnr
on a large scale have a house especially
for the work, and this is heated to about
70 deg. Vinegar can not be made rap
idly at a much lower temperature. Ex
posure to the air is important, hence the
casks are not filled, but only partly so,
in order to expose a broad surface of the
liquid to the action of the air. Exposure
is increased by frequently transferring
the cider from one cask to another, let
ting it run very slowly. Exposure can
be promoted by allowing the partly
formed vinegar to slowly run down a
long trough, and also by allowing it to
trickle over corn cobs placed in a cask,
the cobs having been previously washed
and soaked in good vinegar. Old vine
gar acts as a Ferment, and hastens the
change, and the mixing- of new and
partly formed vinegar with a portion of
old and strong vinegar helps the change.
Another method to naston vinegar mak
ing is to add yeast to cider, or what
produces the same effect, the "mother"
from vinegar barrels. Tho conditions
for the most rapid conversion of cider
into vinogar may be summed up : A
temperature of at least 70 deg., all pos
sible exposure to the air, tlie addition of
old vinegar to the new or tho use of
"mother." It should be remembered
that tho weaker tho cider in sugar the
weaker will be the vinegar, and the
more rapid tho change. American Agriculturist,
A cohrksi'Ondent wants to know
the best kind of wood to make hog
troughs out of so they will last and so
the hogs will not eat them up. I an
swer, make them out of iron, not out of
ironwood, but cast-iron. I grappled
with this problem a half-dozen years
ago and mastered it. I became an in
ventor. I had an invention put into the
form of a model and got the proprietor
of an iron foundry to cast eigut troughs
after the model. They were put into
the different pens antf they are there
now, bright, clean, smooth, sound and
all right, and I expect to leave them
just in this shape to my heirs. Tho
model cost $18, and the troughs six
cents a pound, and they weighed an
average of at least one hundred pounds.
The spout is cast with the trough in one
solid piece, and there are also feet cast,
and attached, by which it is fastened to
the floor. The corners are made round
ing and so is the bottom, so that freez
ing does not crack them, as the ice does
not press against tho corners or sides
but around tne whole. They are easily
cleaned out, as the sloping sides allow
the dirt to slide out before a broom, are
always in place and will never wear out.
The wear and waste and annoyance of
modern troughs became unbearable.
Now I contemplate this part of farm ex
perience with a feeling akin to perfect
satisfaction. P. S. The trough is not
patented. F, D. Curtis, in New York
The Prairie Farmer gives the follow
ing remedy for saddle sore : Mix to
gether equal parts of carbolic acid and
glycerine, and add thereto six times as
much raw linseed oil. After cleaning
the parts morning and evening, by
means of sponge and warm soapsuds,
apply a portion of the mixture. The
horse ought not to be used ; for so long
as the cause of the injury continues to
operate, there can of course be no cure.
Afterwards the saddle should be altered
or fixed so as not to cause such injury.
Watertkoof Muslin. Boil -together
two pounds of turpentine, one pound
of litharge in powder, and two or throe
pounds of linseed oil. Put on the cloth
with. a brush, and dry In the sun.
Pork can be made cheaper in summer
than in winter.
HOME AND FARM.
Tim spot in gra fields now with
gram m-cA and scratch them in with n
arrow, and give a ugbt dressing with
some fine manure.
KitK'Ki.n lyONo. Muriate ammo
nia, one tlrarn: eologno water, two
drams ; distilled water, seven ounces.
Mix and ute as a wash. It contains
Cm m iieh CjiTSrp. One dozen of
largo green rurumber (grated), one
pint of grate1 onions nnd one pint of
grated horso-radi-ih. Put in a jar, and
season with cloves and pepper; scald
vinegar and pour on hot.
Hovkn, or Bloat, The German
method of curing cattle is to pour sev
eral hucltetfuls oi cold wafer over the
backs of the animals, and placing a
piece of garlic in their throats. Half a
tcacnpful of common baking soda, if
dissolved in water andgiven in the form
of a drench, Is said to be equally as
I)fKAR from Cow's Milk. Ac
cording to tho experiments of Dr. Bol
linger, the milk of cows suffering from
tubercular disease is capable of commu
nicating this affection to human being.
As five per cent, of cows, when ad
vanced in life, suffer from this disease,
the danger is considerable. Boiling the
milk is not a safeguard.
HrsK. Two eggs, one cup of sugar,
half-cup butter, half-pint milk, one
third cup east. Beat eirgs ami sugar
together, and mix sott with a little Hour.
Let them stand ovor night, and in the
morning mix aain. When liht, make
into biscuit, let them rise again, then
bake. When taken from the oven,
brash the top with milk and sugar.
In tub Lai nihiv. Boiled starch is
much improved by tho addition of -a
little spermaceti or a little salt, or both,
or a little gum arabic dissolved. Bees
wax and salt will make flat-irons as
clean and smooth as glass; tie a lumpof
wax iu a rag, and keep it for that pur
pose; when irons are hot, nib tliem
with the wax rag, then scour with a pa
per or rag sprinkled with salt. Kero
sene will make tin kettles as bright as
new; saturate a woolen rag and rub
with it ; it will also remove stains from
clean varnished furniture.
Cannko Pears. For the finer varie
ties, such as the Bartlett or Seckel, pre
pare a sirup, allowing a pint of waLer
and a quarter-pound of sugar to a quart
of fruit. Drop each pear, after it is
pared, into a pan of clear water. When
the irup has como to a fast boil, put in
the pears carefully, not to bruise them,
and boil them until thev look clear and
can be easily pierced with a fork. Have
the cans rolled in hot water, pack with
the pears and fill to overflowing with tho
scalding sirup, which must bo kept on
the fire all tho while, and seal. Apples
may no treated in the samo way.
Any family can replenish their vine
gar keg indefinitely. Put all the paring
and cores of sound fruit, scraps of to
matoes, scum and rinsings of preserv
ing kettles, and the pulp reinaiuing in
tho jell press, into a stone jar, cover
with warm water, tie a thin cloth over
tho top, and set it in the sun in sum
mer; m cold weather, near the stove.
At tho end of two weeks strain the
liquid through a bag, and pour it into
the keg through a funnel, first drawing
out some of the good vinegar for imme
diate uso. Where much fruit is used,
the refuse portion will be amply sutli
cient for keeping a plentiful supply of
vinegar on hand.
The farmer who lets all the liquids of
his barnyard run to waste is a spend
thrift, however "close-fisted" he may
be with money. A practical farmer
said recently: "On my farm on the
Hudson Kiver I have built cisterns un
der the barn and stables, in which this
liquid is collected. These cisterns are
all connected, and one being built on a
lower grade, they all empty into this
one. When it rains I put a force-pump
info the cistern, and fill two water-carts,
such as are used in watering our streets,
and scatter this liquid over my mead
ows ; in forty-eight hours afterwards a
change is perceived in the color of the
grass." Another farmer who has a
similar arrangement in his barnyard
says he saves 100 loads every year, and
thinks the liquid worth as much as so
many loads of solid manure.
Castor Oil the Best lubricant.
Mil. S. II. Smith asks if castor oil is
not too glutinous for the best service for
wagon grease and for use on machinery.
For watches it would be ; but a brjuf re
flection on the character of friction un
der common conditions will convince
Mr. Smith that an oil which will remain
in the journal instead of leaking out is
the most desirable. a In all kinds of
coarser machinery, such as steam en
gines, mowing-machines, etc., the
greater part of the friction arises from
the imperfections of the workmanship,
the binding of the bearings from being
thrown out of lino with tlie shaft, and
the accidental pressure of foreign sub
stances, so that resistance offeredby the
mere stickiness of the lubricating sub
stance becomes of no importance.
A great difficulty with all tyros in the
use of machinery is the wasting of oil
by its too profuse use. It often happens
that a bearing will beat when supplied
with too much oil that will run cool
when served with the proper nuantitv.
J'be reason is that when tne lubricator
is partly worn it becomes, as Mr. Smith
says, sticky; it resist removal; it re
mains tenaciously between the shaft and
its bearing; whereas too much
of It. usually thin and limpid,
serves to "wash tho bearing" and let the
narts into closer contact. intneworK.
ing of mowing-machines this point may
be exompiinea. in grass iana,wnere ny.
ing dust is at the minimum, the machine
should be kent oiled lust sufficiently so
that the shafts will show an oily film as
seen through the ou holes, and the
slightest appearance of fresh oil at the
ends of the boxes ; any more is an in
lurv. W hile in use for mowintr crrain.
whore dust is usually considered very
destructive, all parts should be kept oil'
ed so freely as to keep the bearings al
wavs well washed tnat is, ou contimi
ally working out then the grit can not
( 'aster oil is not used largely in ma
chinery in this country because of its
cost, but as a lubricant for all coarse
machinery it can hardly be excelled. It
is especially adapted for light buggies,
and the writer has run a buggy over fif
ty miles with one oiling, and on exam-
llllillUU U1D n.MDO 111 DjllCUUlU vvru-
dilion, probably good for twenty-live
milos more steel axles close fitted. If
Mr. Smith will noto the wrench tho
bearing gets every time the whcol is
turned from its courso he will probably
be convinced that he wants an oil of co
herence enough to withstand considera
ble pressure and stay there. Tho writer
is an engineer of practical service, and
believes he speaks from experience as
well as observation when he advises Mr.
Smith and all-others who have nirely
titted busies to use nothing but castor
oil as a lubricant on them. An "
gincer, in N. Y. Tribune.
A TAHLI2 HOOK
Dy LYDIA NABHj
TM. Tim. hnmr t. th. Im.r fTtrflit! Trwi. Trt
Imi T.!i.:tll'in. nl t!i'-" .l'iHit flrtt M'm wtil'H
fi'mi"!"-. ru'ii'illy V th. nitn-l 'if th. In.
itt'i'Tir. ),. ! WFiiU l; tint tin ijuill'rtrt -n t'i.
t.fi'-. f. 'i".f."w. .i.d tlie i-i.'imii!.-. ar. wi r.ff Mlf
lri.it- tip 1litlin tli llttl p'liill ! .lit" til m.tiii
Crtieil .n.wr. t Ilium .11 wttii'.'it iw, tl. wlli
IK- f'.iln'l In tl... Invi'T'i) Itin Wti'il. m..'rt
rrli-i- lit rtm. Vi "'ii rtiarK. f-r in iltm..
Afililr tn Um moUim. M1 fJjuM, IrjitAOXII. N. J.
F'iT . f..t -.'Il'ri. f rl. HT-
ltur.fl I HHfl I if I- ... .id tin,
IrM. UarcM C. MAKnll A1X IU.. flaunt. V.
KIDNEY & LIVER
ifor Oinn on-rmif fif ArnTVan Umr ar! from
' n ina i
nt. a I
'tin- t an i I
fTT ( u--. I wiii "m- h-'r
,.- R.n.--!.-r. f rjv ai-fi ft - '.,
' inf irm. F ir p.-milf Corneal,
a It la
for aie ny an aruKii
H. II. WARIFK A (19.,
THE HARDWARE TRADE.
Pr-Io, 157 J3.00.
For Steding and Extracting Juici
ALL FRUITS &KD BERRIES.
OTEVERY FAMILY XEEDS 0.NE. J
Bead for m Cataloajne, Free.
issum m ci, tm$n. h
FOB BALK BT THK HARDWARE THA DC
CCfi - WEEK Is roar own town. Term and
DQQtfiottfltfim Addr aauaiiatta -Portland.
dresa 8. North Brracuae.N'.Y
( V'j i Itrade X.iz
Vf f mark fr7
Cola-Hanal6 Sal Iron
FOR SALE BY
TKP.EE OF TKE CCSTB0CX3 FC3
1. r SW pr mnn. H In. W O. Trrm .
Snrh k full lil !.. th atxn tiaa thttlTmntr
9?rirmiWon-: Afir j'n ln"n through tl
cHtnl lmntfT "rw. h Mtiff lt rhrfnl
! -U, it Spiritual Hmi. iU Hymn. Tunw
tnrt AnthPtnft, jf.n hv fin hand f!!rti
whtfh la Jnrt tli Ihlnr f..r('h.ir pnwll'W. nl 1po for
H "tn lrcintf. Pt P'rkiiu WU knoWB M on of OOT
VMt tkilfal otnpilrti.
TIIRVOH1.0F WOK II IF.
1, mr 9 r nrm, hf I O. Kiffclito.
Thtft book ooTfm prn-ilf thn nm rmnnd todoM
th T mpi.k, nd poopl will an one m- th M.hr
thff ftnr-y ih munif, nr th tjm of IhU r Ihfl Ollitr
icAllrnt cauprwftr. Mr. Kmfrvm hooka a.rf known tfi
Tory hnoHhold and itj ttrhtml, am) raoh naw book 1
iataadad to ! an a4Tnc nr tfaoa that prMadail It.
JOIISOV MTTllon FOR fllKttlXO
i um vn.
Mni,,trMirOiin. Uy A. N. Jotmanx.
Ho writer air-la th n onn in thr perfect Hnarnau antf
ilmpllcltr of hiatiplanntinnaaiid Uia thrroua;hnaaof
of hi wotk. Tti a Xmiihrr who iia thia mathoil naada
tohara in hia hand tha nt'-Rra Cboir I WHTBnmoH
IWiK by Ui aaina author. Tha part erra-
pnrid. an4 iha larajar bookcWeadiractiooafor th im ti
OLIVER DITSOH & CO.,
BOLD H7 all bi.u.Gifcra.
FOR THE HAIR.
TEE BEST EAIS
Promo tea tt Grcnrtli
of U Hair.
B-iif'il 1 1 urti!rnf-1 r. Vi HM lyik fM. P"M
hUitMU JOS. BURNETT CO., J.uin.M-i.
The Miniature Gun, only i
y ftl. t'-fiti. - Mir utur.
uv r..ier -f tnis i- r. i i.-i-ai. i ! . r.-r if
ii .. -i -I ,..-...;-. T , ,. f in 't. H T"N'
It. Tlfijiil-S-JS 4 CO.. am LasaJieM., r.tm;ati,
GOI.I ( I Ki: lor lrnnkfHMm
Dr. Lin.ir. Kkki.it. 1h s:: I,i.. th- !Uco.
ercr. n.wia tua new FUL ou ao;. ileal lou.
f C t)f1 PdT itDome. Sample worth $3
IU 16 f ZU urn iufdrfwa TinaoK it Ui.. forUaiiO, iia
C79 'HER. SUadarat home eaJilf maiie.
Ml U t'Ur txitflt rree- Adir'a Tru J1C0- Auruta al.
irWEf WHtTBXO TO ADV E KTMKMB.
jalA M( want mmm tltm jtvmrtimmwtmtU
4m tHim jhj.
X-rTv "or-nrM tVItti, '
U ii,. w-nn
''.n: .i. i- r -v r
hy N tt-r. ii;.,,i.
Ktr n y.nr r--l-: l-- ;. n--f
T- ., ...; . ii, jiitfllt,
r:.,'i;.' it in funii:n tT!ifd.
In 1 ii.t:.'. : f i '.mi. Ai'-m:i r.
Y'.'l -::, fli r, , ,,;;. r.nj
Tl.a tun: 'i f !': ! -.ua.
ll. i inn, u.'- iu irsar!
Tb; hnr"I art I pto"k a; lifjvllr plnt-d. Il'ii'!':na
om-.liif-i.:.-! rin;;.!'.-. 'ilil- .-or. t.r.'ff-l, I'.n.liriff " ;,-, .
an-1 i- t,. ! n !-- w.1 ,.f j-t'-i. - I i--;r, ij.l.-. I'M. j.ril
1M Tin .ii - ui 1- i :ir. in ' A! tin- In Ih'- -.. in
of" fin. u.it fall ami w int. r ,. nt ;n -i ,. worM ' Si r.
C I A.', i 'I Kf.H. K"f .ril Tfi n- Wf k-r- 'pfi r '!! i of
The Literary Revolution.
Tn lannarv. U?t TV Utanrr lUvafatlaa waa lnan?nrat1 br th nnhlfraifnn of nr maD vol am.
ttT, tno. tu lit. publuhFd and in pn iarut.on. comjiriaeii
to alwut ftUO hanffx. w ai tually rtttirtrinK Ui purcluuvra over thrw tonn of Looks a U'.y. or owr l WW ton a yar. and
la ao far from aht to fill all nrtlrra UiaL additional buHrtirnf have Ju-t Itncn It-aned. iiiarhiwrr mrrharl. and oitiev
atpa DMOFMar? talwn to tkiutiL ttw prearnt pro-) act witriiQ Ui tn-xt atxty tlaja. To ntn-t the iioiuiar d'tiitd fot
tht oonilru twlve month at lat afaa t W 0i tnd prual)l J.iw.M ti
nmeiiwlll be rwjulred. Th aJmoi I 11 Xt 1 I OIlS aoifck'rfiiJ micci- waU-h the Rpo
lutlon haa achieved ie dcniUlww 10 wiw'w waaw unnhuUtl to ita k-ariinjr prind.
plea, whwh are : L Publish only bonka of r-i merit. II. What 1 wortn i-earlinjt la worth prt-wrr-
Inff -ail bimtaarertMUly andrtronfrly t-und. III. QT Work on th ti. of tiie pn-vt ton of maiiinaj
bimka, whu-h la rery uiucti aaaa U.an U waa fear jkn atfu. IV. Book hnv- ooi imonly heea con-
aklewl luxuriea; tn a frr J -v- HA V r-iub:i the fHiRht to ha
book-bythenullioalfprir.a V W V ajaaa w U I Wat ria.vl within ivarh. V.
To inaktt l W and a fnuutl la hrtter than to maka .S OS onlr. and 1000 book ao!4 at m pro in of H.uu nu'li piTrs a
profit of only tl,(JU0. while r.Oiwow bmika aold at a pnmt tjf cn rjjnt erh p,n? a jT-rit tf . aiJ it la mora
plMMurr well m mor- profit to wl! the Bill linn. The ra-"t Imrwrtant ihiMhtuioii th; far uitdrrtaki n-ind-a
tho mrwt Inipirtant work ever published m IhU country work LUatc tj uiteMK-rit pfifon want in 1m libnirT-1
thrLb-rafraitrr-aHawllr. Itla SLfc.-fc-.- jT veriuun reprint of tha Uat Loudon
atlltton of (,'hajiit--n. fji-iliipadia, LlUl3l V Ol Iin ol;;oiii. a.l.intoiw br ajne-m-an
ediUiin. about 15.'A torloi b-lr- .:d-d w wa totr r:(r:nal woi k. It HI -rmtain.
(omplHe, Jmui 10 ir cent more than ApplatoQ'a and P-r cent mora than Jhiiaua s Cytiopn-dia. though coeiir.g
cJ Universal knowledge.
ol. I. hrlnt lnyi'i tjeptrniber L Twoor more votamn will he twurd each month t ill th- whule I oomplrtM in 1
Tola oitavo of m-arly l.Ouu p-r earlL The price uf tne lartm tyi; edition in t l.th tindlim i II. 00 per voluiua ;
bound in half Kula, irllt lop, prltf ll.flO pi-r volume. Ari-nnilnff to o'ir uaual PiiU.m. bpooal rrdin tion In pnee I
made to early pun.liar9, and during tin- innnUi f Vt a-ly ordn f ir Tolu.noa I.. II.. or Hi , aithrr or all.
will be received at the nominal prtct of t rrnn K'r voli-me for the th, to rents p-r volume ffjr the half Kut.
ill top. Am a portion of Uw Library or L nuaraal KrtnwlMf. trie rnw:i'r-1 twjn -r-eoia 1 ai-o -muunea
and Vnla. 14 and II a few dara thereafter, (in thia aUo t
are airvn to e-rly purcha-iera. the pn helnctollimewh.- nHn are i, rlCVCI OD2EQ Ida
re-eived dunrn B-ptembt-r 6 75 for the net complete in cl th. :3 for a av j vivfvvw -
the half Ku.tala irllt top. The vuluni-i already iaued will be aen( at un by cxpreaa, and the remainder when corn
pitted In Uru.tier. The-a. Jk mimtm n ' X3C '-tlB- alaya nniU-rUkinc
new entrpriea and acx-ora- X 111-1 Z-lTltZ KJllGTSm l'''-ni"T Dew in.,rir-. Ijr
Ing Beember In Kll(io we -"- 1 B 1 wa waj -iptrt u, ompiele Y.miv
AnaJytt'-al Con-orU-Jice to th Bibl," the great -WcuateT Unabridged" of rellonom literature, and a aOrtiik
dlUon of of Bmiih'a Bible Dlrtlonary, aT"a a. In ai"-Taiiy. two ro'.nmeit addt to
our Acme Uhrary ' Bi.'trraphy r,.n- ? G DTG III D G tain W vol elected fit.in th famoua
Ensliab Men .f Lett-ra arriM. at Utile v f w more than one-1 nth the rot hereto
fore. In Paelry we shnll aoon have th- Tllad and the OdT-aer of Hotner, ti-amUled by I'.me, and a lartr- lype edition
Of 3hakaptre. In HUtary a i'h-ap eillUon of the celebrated Froia-Jt'a ' nrouirlrv with OTer 1) iliuatrationa. In
Vl-iUa, hVoU'a"I-a-ioe" and Kulwer'a "Iju-t laya of I'ompetl." In Javenlle, " Karl In uue4.Tland." profu-ielv Ulna
P" trated. The coat of rnaktiiir hooka diininita-a In larvu dreo a th ir number hi inulttpl.tL
lICcS Many of our book nrv llmt- in ao mui-h largr-r qjniit.- th-n w- anUt.j "-q that we Una
U in uur power to considerably reduce their prtoe. ani we do it with a xmvt M 1
arreal deal of pleaanra. Am'na thorn ao rednoed ar- the hUtone or Macaulay atid Oibl-rn, uOnila
fame, Rollln. JiMKiihua. HoOura Claamca, Hilton, Virgil, Daute, koran, Aiouyao, C'r-aoe, aua
llacauLay'a llimory of Entrland. 3 vnU., 91.S6.
at araulay'a Lire and Lrtu-m, ou oenia.
Bf ijiI Khitavn and 1'
n, S vi 'la. 91.80.
f kur. lJUrrai ura. 4 Tola. tt.
KinLrhf. Hintorv uf Fin land (Tola . B3.
Plutarcb'H Uvea of 111 natrium Hon, 3 vnla.. VIM.
Belkie a Lire aita woraf 01 tnria, ou oenia.
Vounir'a Bible Cotx-ordmnca. 31 1.00U ret re nee, fl
tArroel.lbrary of Uiotf rarfiy, I full. 40 and 60 oau&r
took of Kahlea, JFjt-p, etc.. lllua.. 40 eanta. '
Mllton'a Complete Poetical Worka, 40 cent.
Work, of Dante, traiuOated by C ry. 30 omta.
Work! ot iryii. tranaiateu ny I'l-yuen. au c
, 40 oar. la.
Rohimon CYoeoe. Ulna. 40 oenta.
Huncliauwn and Oulllei 'a Travel, lllua., 40 oenta.
Storleaand Rail aria, by E. T. Aldr-n. lllua.. 50 eauta,
Earl In Uueer Land, lllua, 50 oenta.
Acme Ltbrnry or Modern tlaeau-a, 40 oenta.
nif'tf"1 i'atrtotina, 60 oenia.
Earl) of the abor brand In cloth If by mall, poatan exti
arlltlon and ftiie blndlnir at burlier prtcea. Tlo. k with (") in p
("l-f ! - m rj-4. Itrinlt by bank draft, money orde
luuu maj ue in iKjauMfw bmuuiw. jiuimih
AMERICAN BOOK EXCHANGE.
JOHN B. ALDEN, Manager. Tribune Building, New York,
a flTVPTTC . Boaton, H L. HaaMna-i: PtiiladeTpbJa, Leary Po.: flndnnatl, Hohert flark O0.1
AIJXjIM J liliO ! Imilanap-'ll". Bo-en. Mewrt 4 ('oTTrievelwid. Inirhaiu, Clarke ft Co.: Tolouu, Orowa,
tUcar Co.; Chlro, Alden A Chadwlck -. tn inaller town the teadtm- h-iki--ller, only on In a plaee,
1 qnlokrr and vorely oared by ttutitawof XXDNaTT
Mtrlnajanoban tmmanae aal tn all part of th oountry, worka on natural prinoiplea. It reatorea atronjrlk i
ttonaio u-a niar-ianri organ, aua uuouga uiarn
rllnar rtinnaiTin nnnlT T
ate., which In i1im 1 inn 1 tna Tlotlm far ycawr.
power. Ho kmser aae AloboUo Bitter, whioh do
hdnky-wokt, ha oaa-ta wui D Quiaaiy
(Will aend poet paid.)
t ilk iv
autl car by
H AS BEEN
eetimonv 10 11a
and inUJI gBnoe.1
T n It OX
tk record of
nuiuifTrnrn nw iuuhi itiau
ftUabinidlLntU DI innMUSIIVtl.
a w s a W W-w- -
Leuaa-w''QTco ve rv
uvrr iJO voluiito of Mantianj huuk. U f -1' empiujmcr.l
el.-.rh. for Iht mmlnal priiv of T . or tn half Kuwia, ir:!t t.ip. for ir. 00. la
thia it via li rota have nJrvady hevn lr-ieO,ToL 13 will ( ready bnpU-maar Is,
Taloe't HUCory of En?II?h Llteratn-a, 60 ank
tWi) Book- of Natural Hwory. tl.
ItrtoriaJ Handv Lexicon. 17 oenta.
Haymow, by author of fijiarrtiwjrriu Paper, 80
atrm. nemana t'oeair-j noraa. oueanu.
k.tto a Cycpasdia of Bib Uu-rat ura, . vob-,wSU
Kollin'a Ancient Hutory, fl J6.
Smith Du tton-ry f the Bible. E0 eanta.
Work or K la vim Jo-eptioa. tl.SO.
Pornk- llirtory of U. K , Hopkin. IHoa, BOoertta.
Hrnltb by Lierciee, In Gto. H. Ttylor. 40 cMta.
B-ilh for Wonten. Ir Geo. H. Taylor. BO oecta.
Library Maaiine. bound volumes. SO to 00 oaataV.
I'avea from the Diary of an Old Lawyer, tl.
K-puhlkaji Manual. 1M0 bO oenta.
K'harnbera'a Enrvclopawiia. 15 uli . t7 BO.
"American AtkliUom to Cnaioben'a i-rrlopatdJa,
Homt-r'a Hind translated hy fVae. 90 cent.
Hflmt.T'a(idyay. tmilAtod by l'ope, SO cent. )
'ott' lvanhoe. SO cer.ta,
llulwar'a Lat-t Dav ( 1'ompeif 50 rent.
The ("ure nf ParaJysti. Dr. Geo II. Taylor, SO Mall..
FrolHwrt'eChmmWee, lllua. II BO.
Tae Ltgut of Aaia, Axaoid, S5 cenU.
extra. Moat of the book axe alao published la fine)
order, registered ietier or by taproaa. raUloua of una
AND Pit FR. I
- WOBT. TTii naw and woudarfiU rem&tlj w hJOfa la
ojoanaaa me ayanem 01 aouuxiiiuau-- man poieonoua 1
Been oarvo, aiao niea, uonaupai urn, nneumaaua, 1
We haw rolumof teatimotiy oftta wonderful ouratlv J
mora harm tha (rood, or draatto pill, but us nature '
rt-rain&a. cflt it or your Lrugiet, frico, l 1
aaa.l.l, HUH AUi".i v au., rray m, uurii-svaa, a
TOrATMrMY tC- ronanitinrlna. Aathmm,
iiibni 1111.11 1 in
Jlronrbitia. i'ntiirrli. It
ACTS DIRCCTLV uion U10 kit-jlL nervou acl or-raiiic oeotraa.
a nurutai pfirtit nj rii-i
HAS EFFECTED REMARKABLE CURES, which ar
itUuLtirn wi.fe aitt-ttLHi-
VSP BY Ttt Rcr. John J. Kine. B'-hop of
H iU. t III. l. neuey, 1. o. Arumr, aiiu uui, wuw
id. ami ui whom wo riltT bu ort
ENDORSED 1 "We have the nirt uu
tlned by thin new treatment aecoi more like miraclea than oaacsof natural
lealiufl1." AriAur' um JBaooaiaa. I here la m doubt a to tlie riiuin
w a:id noeiliva rt'aiiltit of tfiia trtTi-nt b.t(on Journal ef I'ntniw".
VCEN HOME TREATMENT contaiua two inor.tha' aupply.
tlollB IlT um.
.1 iliutfl irivlno' the hiatorv f
moat rcuiarknUa cure, writ for It Aitdreaa
Dr. starkev palen.
l08n4 Mil Oirard St.. PhUnU.iDhlu I