Newspaper Page Text
, The widow of the Cologne banker,
Itaron Abraham Von Opponhcim, who
In 1H70 pave the magnificent sum of
tlSO,000 for the wounded, has just (riv
en ;!0,000 for a hospital for poor ehil
lron of all denominations, la memory of
her late husband.
A snow of goats was opened recently
tat the Alexandra Palace in London. No
less than 1 ID animals wore collected, and
prizes were offered to the aggregate
value of nearly 78, more than i?3!H) in
our money. The Ilaroness llurdntt
Coutts exhibited a fine specimen of a
Hungarian male coat, probably the
largest ever shown in that country, and
it received a prize.
Presiiient Guevy's salary and al
lowances amount to about $180,000
yearly, the salary proper being about
120,000. At the end of his seven years'
term he will, consequently, have re
ceived $1,110,000 out of the public
treasury. lie is not penurious, and
manages to spend this large sum in re
ceptions and subscriptions. lie gave
91,000 to the Amorican yellow fever
Tin Empress Eugenie has decided to
leave England, being moved to that de
termination by Parliament setting its
laoe definitely against the erection of a
monument to the Prince Imperial in
Westminster Abbey. She will probably
go to reside at her Chateau of Arenn
tierg, Switzerland, and her present
intention is to erect a mausoleum whore
ever sho fixes her residence, and remove
the remains of her husband and son from
Amo'no the aristocracy of St. Peters
burg thore appeared recently a new
Protestant seel known as the Apostolic.
At its head stands (icn.-Maj. von Erd
berg, and among its members there are
princes, counts, courtiers, and the high
est military and civil ollicers. Recently
the 1'rincess Dolgoruky, an orthodox
ladv, has joined it. The peculiar belief
is that the end of the world, the second
descent of Christ, and the last judgment
are at hand. The members perform
services according to the example of the
apostles, and have prophets, apostles,
Although the Ernpross of Germany
Is not a popular lady, she is an extreme
ly charitable one. Her first visits on
arriving in Ilerlin are to the school and
hospital she has founded, and which
are named after her. Not only are these
supported mainly out of her private
purse, but they recoive from her a large
wharo of time and attention. It seems
almost as if the precise military habits
of her male relatives had intlueneed her
character, for during her stay in Ilerlin
lie may bo seen at a certain hour on a
certain day of every week driving in a
.-nninll brougham to the hospital, to read
the report of the head physician, to
visit the patients, and to in(iii"n minute
ly into the treatment they receive.
An Englishman who knows the Bar
oness Biiidutt-Cout.ts well, says her vi
tality and energy aro extraordinary.
When she is perfectly well she defeats
lier age by a dozen years. She is a
good horsewoman, and is still fond of
exercise, and sho walks with anolasti-
city which many a younger woman
might envy. Her capacity for business
iias long been known; and though her
benevolence is boundless, no begging
impostor could ever hope to outwit her.
She lias all the shrewdness of the Char
ity Organization Society, without tho
callous cynicism which makes that body
nothing more than a system of police.
Her knowledge of politics and politicians
extends over half a century ; and as she
can write as well as speak with no little
grace and force, a book of her recollec
tions should have greater Interest than
anything of the kind which has been
published for many years.
Experiences of a College-bred Visitor
In a Bullwhackers' Camp.
Pkiiiiai'S every person who' is so nie
wbat udvanced in life can remember
sonic incident of his early years which he
would really like to forget, something that
resulted from the frosTiness and vast in
experience ol youth. 1 remember one
which I have spent a good deal of time
trying to forget. Justnofore the Union
Pacific ltaiiroad reached the Hitter
Creek Country, 1 made my first over
land trip to the Pacific Coast. 1 staged
it from the then terminus of the Union
Pacific to the Central Pacific, which was
then pushi g east. The stage broke
down on Hitter Creek, and the passen
gers had to walk to the next station. I
grew tired of walking before 1 reached
he stution, and coining, late in the af
ternoon, to where some teamsters were
camped, I concluded to stop with them
for the night. On asking their permis
sion to do so, they assented ho heartily
that I felt at home at once. Life in the
W est was something new to me. I was
young and buoyant, and just out of col
logo. I was fond of talking. I thought
it would be novel and delightful to sleep
out with these half-suvuge ox-drivers,
with uo shelter but the vaulted star
gummed heavens. There were four
teamsters, and as many wagons, while
thirty-two oxon grazed: around in the
vicinity. (X the teamsters, one was a
giant in stature, and wore a bushy black
beard : another was shorter, but power
fully built, and one-eyed; the third was
tall, lank ami hamo-jawed; while the
fourth was a wiry, red-headed man. In
ny thoughts I pitied them, on account
of the hard lite they led, ami spoke to
tliein in a kind tone, and endeavored to
make my conversation instructive. I
plucked a flower, and, pulling it to
pieces, mentioned the names of the parts
pistil, stamens, calyx, and so on and
remarked that it must be Indigenous to
the locality, and spoke of the plant be
ing endogenous, lu contradistinction to
exogenous, uud that they could see that
it was not cryptogamous. In looking at
aoine fragment of rock my thoughts
wandered off into geology, and, among
other things, I spoke of the tertiary and
carboniferous periods, and of the ptero
dactyl, icthyosaurus and dinotliorium.
The teamsters looked at me, then at
each other, but made no response. W e
aquuttod down around the irylng-pan to
supper, and as the big fellow, with his
right hand, slapped or larruped, a long
jicce of fried buoon over a piece of bread
In his left hand, sending a drop of hot
jfii-ae into my left eye, he said to the
one-eyed man :
" Bill, is my copy of Shukspere in yo'
wagonP I missed it to-day."
No. My Tennurson and volitin' of
the Italian poets is lu thar no Shaks.
Tho lank looking teamster, biting off
a piece of bread about the size of a sau
cer, said to tho big man, in a Voice
which came huskily through the bread,
"Jake, dnl yer ever read that voluni'
of po'ms that I writ ?"
' No, but hev otlen hearn tell on
" Yer mean ' Musin's of an Idlo
lan?' " spoke up the red-headed man,
addressing the poet.
' IIcv read every lino In it a dozen
limes," said tho teamster with the red
hair; and as he sopped a four-inch
swath, with a piece of broad, across a
frying-pan, ho repeated some lines.
"'I hem's they," nodded the poet.
" The Emp'ror of Austry writ me a let
ter highly complimentin' them po'ms."
"They're very tech'n'," added the
I took no part In those remarks.
Somehow I did not feel like joining in.
Tho wiry man, having somewhat sat
isfied his appetite, rolled up a piece of
bacon-rind into a sort of single-barreled
opera-glass, and began to squint through
it toward the northern horizon.
"What yer doin', Dave?" asked the
" Takin' observations on the North
Star. Want to make some astronomical
oalkilations when I git inter Sackry
menter." "Well, yer needn't tor made that
tel'scope. I could er tuk yo' observa
tions for yer, bein' as I haint but ono
" Git out thar, yer durned ole carbon
iferous pterodactyl!" yelled the hame
jawed driver to an ox that was licking a
piece of bacon.
" I give a good doal of my time to
'strononiy when I was in Yoorup," re
marked the tall man.
" Over thar long?" asked one.
"Good while. Was Minister to
Ilooshy. Then I spent some time down
"Kome!" exciaimcd the lank indi
vidual. "Was born thar. My father
was a sculptor."
"Good sculptor P"
" Well, one wouldn't er thought it, tor
look at yer."
" I never was in Yoorup," remarked
the one-eyed man. "When I oevnied the
cheer of ancient languages in Harvard
oiicgo my linulth failed, and the fellers
that had mo hired wanted mo tor go ter
Yoorup for an out. but I concluded ter
come West ter look hold up thar, yer
uiicriiai oiu iiee-mtten lcntnyosaurus!"
he bawlod to an ox that was chewing a
I felt hot and feverish, and a long
way from home.
" 1 got ready once ter go ter Home
wanted to completo my studies thar
but give it up," said the ono called
" What for?"
" They wanted me ter run for Guv'
ner in Yirginny."
" Yer beat 'emP"
" Why didn't yer stay thar P"
" Well, when my job ns Guv'ner give
out they 'looted me 'Piscopal Bishop,
an' I hurt my lungs preaelun.' Come
Wost for my lungs."
" Found 'em?''
"Well, I'm improvln'."
I did not rest well that night. As day
camo on, and the men began to turn over
in their blankets and yawn, the tall one
" Hello, Hill. How yer makin' UP"
"O, I'm indigenous."
" An' Lbivcr"'
' I'm endogenous."
" An' you, Lanky, yer son of a sculp
tor?" " Exogenous."
"How do you feel, Jake?" inquired
one of tho three who had responded.
" Cryptogamous, sir, cryptogamous."
I walked out a few steps to a little
stream, to get a drink. I felt thirsty,
and I ached. Then I heard a voice
from the blankets :
"Wonder if them durned ole dinother'
ums of ourn are done grazin'P"
Then a reply :
" I guess they've got to tho tertiary
1 walked a little piece on tho road, to
breathe tho morning air.
I kept on.-
A Stranger's Mistakes.
A kew days ago a Western merchant
who wanted to do some sight-seeing and
buy his fall stock at the same time, en
tered a dry-goods jobbing house on
Broadway, and accosted the first nor-
son he met with, "Are you the proprie
tor horoP" "Not exactly the proprie
tor," was the reply. At present I am
acting as shipping clerk, but I am cut
ting my cards for a partnership next
year by organizing noon prayer-meetings
in the basement."
1 ho stranger passed on to a verv 1m-
portant looking personage with a dia
mond pin, ana asked : " Are you the
head of the house?"
"Well, no; I can't say as I am at
present, but I have hopes of a partner
ship in January. I'm only one of the
travelers just now, but I'm laying for a
iilO pew in an tip-town church, and
that will mean a quarter interest here
in less than six months."
The next man had his feet tin, his
hat back and a 20-cent eigar (n his
mouth, and he looked so solid that the
stranger said :
" You must run this establishment."
" Me P Well, I may run it very soon.
At present I'm the book-keeper, but I'm
expecting to get into a church choir
with the old man's darling and beoome
an equal partner here."
The stranger was determined not to
make another mistake. He walked
around until he found a man with his
coat on and busy with a case of goods,
and he said to him :
"The portors are kept pretty busy in
here, I sue."
" Yes," was the brief reply.
"Hut I suppose you are planning tu
invest in a Gospel hymn-book and sin,
the old man out of an eighth Interest,
" Well, no, not exactly," was the
quiet reply. " I'm the old man him
And all that the stranger said, after it
long minute spout in looking the mer
chant over, was : " Well, dura my bute
tons!" Wall Street News,
A Valuable Building.
in Cheyenne. A few days ago
re.-ideHt of that town notieod shining
yellow particles in the bricks, and, im
agining that the colors were gold, he
took out a brick from the wall for the
Inirpose of ascertaining the facts. This
nick he first pulverized, and then
"panned nut" the colors. He could not
gut rid of all the dirt, and concluded to
send the residuum to an assayer in Den
ver. In a few days the assay certificate
arrived, and showed that there was
thirty-eight cents' worth of gold in tho
brick. The gentleman then took out
two other bricks in different parts of the
building, and pulverized and panned
tin-in as he did the first. The same as
sayer gave hi certificate as follows:
Sample No. 1, gold, forty-seven cents;
sample No. a, g old, twenty-four cents.
With remarkable secrecy the gentleman
proceeded to learn whenoa came the
bricks. After Considerable inquiry it
was learned that tho bricks were made
in a yard that was formerly situated on
row Crook, near Cheyenne, but which
is now obliterated. Further investigation
among the oldest ro-idents divulged
the fact that placer-mining was at one
time carried on along Crow Creek.
PITH AND POINT.
A German life insurance company,
called Dor Lebensversicherungsgcsolls
chaft, complains of the irregularity of
tho mails. Yet one would suppose it
got all of its letters. Andrew's yueen.
A correspondent wants to know,
" Can a woman rido a bicycle P" Can
shoP Son, you ask questions like a man
who is not married. When you learn
of any thing a woman can't do when
she makes up hor mind that she will do
it, let us know. How old, or rather
how young are you P Burlington Ilawk
eye. A few months ago an old gentJeman
was seen nailing a notice on a feuce on
the south side of Galveston Avenue. A
friend, passing, said: "Why don't
you have the notice put in the paper,
where people can read UP" " Waal,"
said the old gentleman, " if I tuck it to
the newspaper orfice them newspaper
fellers would get it spoiled wrong, and
then somebody might think I didn't
know how to spell." The notice road :
" Howze fur rent inchoir on the prey
meysis." Galveston News.
Here is another straw: A man who
went through an excursion train of nine
hundred passengers taking a Presiden
tial vote didn't find a single Hancock
maa. P. S. He didn't find a Garfield
man either, for the first person lie ac
costed knocked him down, and a dozen
others wiped up the floor with him and
wedged him so fast under a seat that all
the passengers escaped before he could
release himself. lie has declared him
self in favor of the anti-Masonic candi
date, his treatment in the car having
made hira dead opposed to grips. Troy
'Times has changed since I was a
gal," exclaimed Mrs. Goodington, re
flectively, laying down the paper in
which she had read of the large amount
of gold used annually in teeth-filling,
and pushing her ancient spectacles up
on to her corrugated and equally ancient
forehead. "Yes; times has changed
since I was a gal. You never heard such
a fuss about teeth in them days. That
was afore people took to feeding on cal
omels and bourbons and such trash.
They didn't have tho toothache much,
but when a tooth did become defrayed
they had it distracted at once, and with
out taking chloroform or any of your
new-fangled esthetics either. And as
for sticking gold into their mouths, why,
bless you! they had all they could do to
got bread enough to put there to keep
soul and body together." And tho old
lady's face assumed an unwonted stern
ness as she reflected on the degeneracy
of modern times. Boston Transcript.
He Couldn't Help It.
There was another case yesterday ol
a boy who couldn't help it. A promi
nent and dignified citizen was looking
through the third story window of a
block on Jefferson Avenue, which he
had thoughts of renting, when the idea
suddenly struck him to look into tho al
ley in the rear. Ho raised the sash of a
window and peered out upon ash boxes,
coal-scuttles and barrels of straw with
out number, and was about to conclude
his observations when the sash came
down with a thud and struck him be
hind his shoulders. In his fright he fell
to his knees, and while the solid half of
his body was all right, the lighter was
over the window sill. In addition to
the weight of the sash any movement of
the body was accompanied by pain.
The Bash could not be reached with his
hands freely enough to lift it, and it soon
occurred to the prominent citizen that
he ought to have help, lie could not
expect it from behind, for he was alone
in the store, but as he looked down into
the alley a boy came stumping along to
find something worth lugging away.
"Hollo I boy, hollo recalled the citi
zen. " Hollo yourself !" replied the boy as
he looked up.
" Say, boy, come under the window
here; I want to speak to vou."
" Not much, yer don't," chuckled
the gamin. " ou can't drop no coal
scuttles on my head."
" Hut I don't mean to."
" Mobbe not, but you've got a bad
face on you for all that. When did you
get out of the jugP"
" Hoy, I want your help."
" So does yer aunt! Don't get me to
stand in with no such duffer as you
" I am caught In this window and
want to got out."
" So would I! Been prospecting for
old junk, eh! Y'ou'll got six months
" If you'll come up stairs and help me
out I'll give you a dollar.
" A dollar! You can't play no dollac
store on me, old man ! If you make up
another face like that at me I'll hit you
in the eye with this old lemon. I don't
look starched up, but 1 don't let any
man insult me all the same."
" Don't you know who I amP" softly
asked the citizen.
"Naw, 1 don't, but I'll bot the per
looce do! You've got one of the hardest
mugs on you I ever saw, and I've a good
mine to give you one, just for luck!
Look out, now!"
He made as if ho would throw, and
the citizen dodged. This was such fun
for the boy that he kept it up for three
or four minutes, and the offer of $2 had
no effect on him. Then he gathered six
or eight old lemons and oranges togeth
er and said :
" I behove you aro tho boss hyena who
knocked dad down at the caucus, and
I'm going to drive your nose back ex
actly an inch I "
" If you throw at me I'll call the po
lice!" exclaimed the citizen.
" The sooner ye call the sooner ye'll
be jugged 1 Here's to hit you square on
The opening of a back door of a store
and the appearanoe of a man discon
certed the lad's aim, and the lemon
struck the citizen's bat instead of his
nose. His yells brought a climax, but
the air was full of tropical fruit even as
the boy duUed down the alley and
turned a corner.
The boy oouldn't help acting that
way. He was born so. It wouldn't
have been a bit like a boy to run up
stairs and release the man. He didn't
have a fair show with his spoiled lemons,
but boys soon get over disappointments.
Detroit Free Press.
M. Amat recently gave the French
Academy an aooount of some remark
able displays of atmospheric electricity
observed in the north of the Sahara.
Without insulating himself to prevent
the escape of the electricity into the
ground, lie could, by passing a pocket
oomb through hishairor beard, produce
sparks of nearly two inches in length!
Lven more striking electrical phenom
ena were exhibited by the tails of horses,
the horn of the animal's hoofs acting as
A iiali.oon society has beon organ
ized in England for the purpose of ad
vancing the cause of aerial navigation,
Why is the money you aro in the
habit of giving to the poor like a newly
born babep Because it's precious Utile.
The Now England Farmer says:
"While all the well-defined broods of the
present day show instances of remark
able milking qualities in particular ani
mals, it may be claimed for tho Jerseys
that they are pre-eminently the milk
ing breod, or, in other words, the load
ing dairy breed."
The statement of the Elgin Advocate,
recently published in this column, that
the make of cheese in Now York is
fully one-third less than last year, is
contradicted by the Utica Herald, which
says, judging from reports received
from tho chief cheeso producing dis
tricts of the State, tho mako will cer
tainly equal, and probably exceed that
of last year.
Pack Some BtrTTF.it. This is a good
month in which to puck some butter for
winter use. Extra pains should be
taken to work out every particle of but
ter milk. The best and purest salt
should be used. Pack in the best fir
kins, pails, or crocks and put a clean,
white cover over it; on this put a heavy
coating of salt and set the package in
the spring house or cellar, where the
air is untainted by decaying vegetables
or obnoxious odors of any kind.
Goats for Chi rnind. Those per
sons who have trie.l-them say that
goats aro the best of all animals lor this
purpose. Being natural climbers, the
up-hill movement on the power used
for driving tho churn, does, not tire
them as it docs other animals; in fact,
they rather like the work as being
special fun for them. Fewer or more
goats can be put on to t lie tread power
to opcrnte it as a less or greater churn
ing may require. As goats will subsist
on coarser herbage than any other graz
ing animal, they are doubtless the most
economical of all to use for churning;
and those who have dairies of only a
moderate size cannot do better than to
use them for this purpose. If, in addi
tion, they select them from milking
breeds, they will be well repaid for
their keep from this alone. Goat-milk
cheese is a ilclicious article when prop
erly made, and commands a high price
in tho European markets, being consid
ered there a great luxury. Goats make
handsome teams to draw children's
wagons and sleighs, and are much sought
after for this work. It will thus be seen
that the goat can bo utilized both profit
ably and pleasantly for quite a variety
of purposes. liural New Yorker.
DAIRY ITEMS. Exports of Butter versus Oleomargarine.
A communication was recently ad
dressed to Secretary Sherman by tho
President of tho New York Produce Ex
change, nt the request of merchants in
tho butter trade, asking that clearances
of oleomargarine should be distinguished
in X'uslom House returns from those of
butter. The following roply has been
BUHEAU OF STATISTICS.
September 28, 1880.
r. II. 7ot, 1'rmHmt Xeic York Plot-
u t:.ccliiiite, .rto lorK i.i(:
Dr.ui Sik Your letter of the :ld hint., ad
dressed to ttle .Secretary of t lie Treasury has
been referred to this ' bureau. Kccoiriiiziuir
the importance to the dairy Interests of the
country of correct statistics of actual butter,
as disttiuruishcd Iroui olcoiuartranue timl ot ti
er substitutes, 1 have already Kiven attention
lo the matter, and will in due time, inform
you of what has been done, The statistics of
our domestic, exports now fl-lve the quantities
and values ot butter separately from those of
(dcomiirtrurhie. I tlnd thalthere were returned
to Ids Hurea'i, as exHrtcd from the port of
.in, nun, uuiui uiu veur uuueu June ou,
18SO, ot '
Itiltter ni.Dill.slr) .vi:iuiTl
Oleomargarine 18,sa;j,;yi) 2,aSI,3l7
A complaint similar to votirs was fnimd In n
circular of Mr. I.loyd I. Heamau, dated New
lorn, August as, issu, giatltiff that tile ru
ported exports of but er hv the United Stales
clearing department lu the cust- m house were
false onc-lialf of It btiinir oleomargarine. '1 his
statement helnir referred to the Collector ut
Jsew KorK lor inrestixatlon and report, that
oltleer, under date of Hie 14th Instant, resrt
"that the reoort to the press for the period jn
question has been verltled by re-cxainiiiatlon
of the manifests on tile as sworn to by the
stiiliers.o The dillieulty appears to be, not
In a want on the part of thecustoinsotllcers to
eo-ois-rate In the furnishing of correct export
statistics, hut in the fraudulent deseriptiou of
nieoiiiarirariue as nuiier in me sworn mani
fests. You will BTfatly facilitate nivendeavor
to secure to us data of tile butter export If you
will kindlv send lo me copies o anv Stale laws
or city ordinances or rules adopted by the New
lorK nroiiuce exclianare in reiruru to dislln-
fuhbinff between - leomar -urine and butter,
shall tie Imppv also to receive from vou anv
siiKk-estious as to the best prictlcal methods
by means of which the customs ollicers niav
discover fal.-e entries of oleomaarlne la the
1 am, sir, very respectfully,
JosKi-u 'NiMMO, Jr., Chief of Bureau.
The lliillclin states that tho contents
of the abovo letter were communicated
by Mr. Parker to several leading mem
bers in tiio butter trade, and lliev all
expressed thoir gratification at the at
tention given to the matter at ashing
ton. It was stated that measures would
bo taken to procure the data called for
by Mr. Nimmo, and to furnish him with
all the additional information necessary
in order to bring about the desired reform.
Management of Dairy Stock.
Tho common cows of the country aro
treated unfairly by writers on cattle,
generally. Epithets designed to reflect
severely and unjustly, are used by those
who ought to be honest with the cows
that supplied them in infancy with a
good and generous supply of milk,
cream and butter. The truth is that the
so-called scrnh dunghill are grades, and
very frequently grades from ancestors
of right royal blood. In fact, there
would be fewer srrubs it the general
cow was treated better housed Detter,
fed better, handled better. These Bre
elements which help greatly to make
up the good and profitable dairy stock
for cheese, butter or milk production.
If wo depend upon tho common stock
we must weed out tho weedy and only
cherish and keep tho best. A good
cow of any herd or breod ought to
pay a fair interest on her cost and
keeping; otherwise she should be dis
chargedshould bo sunt to the butcher.
Where the dairy stock is raised and
this is the quickest and surest wav to
create, improve and perfect a dairy
only good cows' calves should bo raised,
and tlio sire of calves should be a son
and grand-son of good cows. Tho law
of selection is potential in results. By
this, plan we havo seen dairies of groat
excellence from common stock. Com
mon stock is, in such a relation, hardly
fair to the improved herd, for indeed,
if we have been thorough, every cow in
the dairy should be an uncommonly
good animal. American Dairyman.
A fair compensation for honest
service is the best present you can
make a man, and the best gift he can
Luck is tho dream of a simpleton;
a wise man makes his own good fort
une. All prudes were once coquettes and
only changed becauso they were obliged
Happiness consists in being happj
there is no partioular rule lor it.
HOME AND FARM.
VTf.ver make Jelly In damp or cloudy
weather it will be neither firm nor
White Lip Salve. Spermaceti
ointment, one-half ounce; balsam ol
Peru, one-quarter drachm. Mix well,
andanply in thin coating before going
BtscriTS Deviled. Tako some wa
ter biscuits, steep them in milk for ten
minutes, take them out, dust them ovor
with a little cayenne, salt and black
pepper, nnd bake them in a slow oven
for about twenty minutes.
Aw exchange truly says: "For
steady draft large, slow-movintf teams
do the work more economically than
quick-moving ones. It is far better to
go once with a heavy load than twice
with light ones. It is your compara
tively small, quick-going, nervous hors
es that balk. Sometimes a heavy horse
will rofuse to draw, but rarely."
The Teeth. Dissolve two ounces of
borax in three pints of water ; before
quite oold, add thereto one teaspoonful
of tincture of myrrh, and one table
spoonful of spirits of camphor. Bottle
the mixture for use. This solution, ap
plied daily, preserves and beautifies the
teeth, extirpates all tartaro rs adhesion,
produces a pearl-like whiteness, arrosts
decay, and induces a healthy action of
Barley for Soiling. In some sec
tions where the soiling of stock is prac
ticed barley is being substituted for rye.
the former being regarded a9 more ten
der, and, besides being eaten with
greater relish, its nutritive value is su
perior, owing to tho small per cent, of
dry matter in the growing stalk, while
its cultivation is attended with as few,
if not less, losses from damage than any
other crop for like purposes.
Those foolish . ncrsons who buy
ground coffee may find out whether
what they buy is genuine coffee or not
by the following method : Take a wine
glass or a tumbler full of wator. and
gently drop a pinch of the ground coffee
on the surface of the water, without
stirring or agitating; genuine ooffoe
wilt lioat for some timo, whilst chicory.
or any other sweet root, will soon sink ;
and chicory or caramel will cause a yel
lowish or brown color to diffuse rapidly
through the wator, while pure coffee
will give no sensible tint under such cir
cumstances, for a considerable length of
Fi rniture Polish. Tho following
recipe will restore the original polish of
furniture, especially in the case of such
articlos as pianos, fancy tables, cabi
nets, lacquered ware, etc., which have
become tarnished by use: Mako a
polish by putting half an ounce of shel
lac, the same quantity of gum lac and a
quarter of an ounce of gumsandarac in
to a pint of water; put them altogethor
in a stone bottle near tho fire, shaking
it often ; as soon as the gums are dis
solved it is ready for use. Then take a
roller of woolen rags soft old broad
cloth will do put a little of the polish
on it, also a few drops of linseed oil ;
rub the surface to be polished with this,
going rouud and round over a small
space at a time until it begins to be
quite smooth; then finish by a second
rubbing with spirits of wine and more
of tho polish. Furniture thus treated
will have a brilliant luster equal to new.
Fistula of the withers should be
freely explored with a stroner nrobe-Doint-
ed knife to the bottom of the cavities, if
Eossible, and all diseased surfaces should
e removed. When the bleeding has
ceased, and the wound and surrounding
pans nave Deen cioansea wun warm
water and sponge, wads of loose tow
should be inserted, after being soaked
with a portion of a solution of one part
of carbolic acid and twenty-five parts of
wator. When very deep seated, insert
seatons through the various canals.
pushing the seton needle from above
downwards through the same and out
through the skin. Thus dependent
openings are made for escape of matter,
and the above remedy, or a solution of
one grain of chloride of zino to each
ounce of soft water, may be injected
from above. If caries or decay of bones
of the spine exist, remove the decayed
portions by scraping, as there will be no
cure so long as such decay is going on.
Such decay is known by the stroner smell
of the discharge, similar to the smell of
decaying teeth ; also, by the presence of
black spots on the surface of the bones.
The American Stockman has some
interesting chat about saddle horses,
from which we quote as follows : In
Tennessee, Kentucky and Virginia we
probably see the art of horsemanship
both in its rotations to horse and rider
carried to a higher standard than in any
other part of the world. Here we find
the horse bred for generations under tho
most enlightened rules for breeding,
and with the solo purpose in view of
making him the perfection of a saddle
horse. In physical features he is a
model of the artist. In traits his variotv
is infinite a rapid walk, fox-trot, rack,
trot, lope nnd run, changing from one
motion to the othor at a practiced sig
nal from the rider. Iu temper perfect,
quick and comprehensive. This is a
point which no one but the practiced
rider can appreciate. Tho bridle lines
are actually useless with him. A slight
pending ol tne Dody forward Informs
him you wish the gait Quickened: set
tling firmer back in the saddle intimates
to him to slacken the gait, a sligtt bend
ing oi tne Dooy in tne saddle, with a lit
tle pressure of the opposite knee, and
perhaps an uneonsctous motion of the
bridle hand in the direction you wish to
turn is an the management he needs.
The lines aro nevor pulled to turn him
right or loft, but pressed against the side
of the neck opposite the direction you
wish to turn. Leaning forward in the
saddle puts him In a fast walk or fox
trot, lo put mm tn a rack the bridle
reins are pulled taut, while the heels
bring tho spur pressure to his side. To
make him trot, the reins and heols are
let loose, the hands pressed upon tho
withers, and tho body slightly raised in
the saddle until he gets settled in his
gait. To make him cantor or lope, sot
tie in tho saddle and wave one band in
the air. These are not the inventions of
a single individual, but the universal
custom among those who train saddle
horses in the btaies named.
We now come to the rider of this per
fected saddle horse. He sits in his seat
with an easy comfortable grace that
shows his familiarity with it from earli
est boyhood. The stirrups are so long
that his toes barely rest with ease iu
them, while his heels turn slightly out
ward, relieving his appearance of ex
treme awkwardness that is so often seen
in riders whose toes point at right angles
with the horse's sidus. These horses
are thoroughly bitted when young and
thus taught to carry n high and stylish
head, so that when in full motion, with
the favorite gait, a raok, and bestrid by
this superb rider, the whole makes
picture that ehttUungos our highest admiration,
XVnsw the rmss. Its shadows throwing-,
Looms upon the way.
And our bi-arra, so briilsed and broken,
Will not sec 'Us Love's sweet l''.vil
IMuiuilntf thus tbo day;
When our prayers and tears are f rultloss
with She r all,
Doubt ami anrul'h aro before us.
Deeper grow tho shallows o'er us,
For the C'rosa must fall
Fall, and bury 'neath Its fnlling
hweetest hopes wo knew
O'er the a-ravn where Joy lies sleeping,
Pray we now In bitter weeping
For ooe glimpse of bluo.
List 1 Throuirh all the by-p-one. aires
Floats His promise, true for aye;
Hlsr-l ar the hearts of sorrow
They will know the g-lad to-morrowf
" 1 will wlpo their tears away 1"
Not on earth, O tender Rnvlorl
May Thy promise be fulfilled:
Tint, when life Is from us stnillufr,
Tben our hearts will know their healing.
Then the weary pain he stilled,
And, where all la bliss for aye.
Thou wilt "wipe our tears away."
Not. 7 Joseph In Prison ...Oen. t:il: U:l-8
Nov. 14-Jo-.ep tho Wise Holer. .Gen. 41: 41-57
Nor. 21 Joseph and his Ilreth-
ren Oen. 44: WKU: 4S:1-S
Nov. 8 Jacob and Tharaob fleu. 47: 1-12
Pee. 5 Last Days of Jsooh Oen. 4S: S-2J
Icc. IS The Last riaysof Joseph. Gen. 50:14-
Dee. 19 Heriew of the Lsmsods.
Dee. ae Lesauo Selected br the SchooL
The Reasonableness of Faith.
Christian's faith is irrational; that it is
belief without the exercise of reason
and in conflict with reason. If thore
could be such a thing as belief without
any evidence or intellectual persuasion
of tho truthof tho matter believed, and
in face of a conviction of its falsehood,
it would indeed, be irrational. But
the faith supposed never existed. It is
imposiblo to a sane mind. The human
mind is so constituted that no man can
believe without what appears to him
sufficient reason for believing. Faith
always presupposes a rational ground
of coulidenco and conviction, and some
exercise of the understanding in es
timating the value and force of evi
dence. Without this, anything that
may be called faith is mere folly and
Whatever may be said of the validity
of tho Christian evidences, they are the
basis of the Christian's faith. He be
lieves upon evidence which he considers
sufficient. And because the processes
by which ho arrives at conviction are
intellectual and rational, his faith is
rational. Indeed, ho only believes
because it seems to him more rational
to believe than not to believe. If the
evidences of Christianity are insullicicnt,
it belongs to tho objector to prove it;
but it is ns disingenuous as it is wide of
the truth to assert that faith is essential
ly irrational, and that only those are
truly reasonable who ignore faith and
rely only on the evidence of the senses
and the deductions of "pure reason."
The inconsistency of those who make
this assertion is proved by tho fact that,
in common with all other men, they are
as dependent upon faith ns they are
upon reason itself. They beliovo far
more than thoy can prove or under
stand. They cannot advance a single
step without faith. They are compell
ed to act upon faith alone in the most
important concerns of life. They pro
ceed in their business plans, in their
plowing and sowing, buying and sell
ing, with no other foundation for their
conduct than their faith in the regular
return of the seasons, and in the
veracity of their fellowmen. Faith,
in the form of mutual con
fidence, lies at the basis of every
scheme of human life, and is tho corner-stone
of the temple of human hap
piness. It is to the moral world what
gravitation is to material worlds, and
would, if perfect in its sway, produce
among all personal beings an order and
harmony like that which gravitation
C reduces iu the heavens. But let cither
e wholly withdrawn from its depart
ment and there would be utter chaos.
Without faith, all the operations which
maintain life would be suspended.
There would be universal distrust,
which would produce universal waut
and anarchy tho total disintegration
and destruction of society.
The ability to believe, to accept truth
on adequate testimony, is a natural and
most essential endowment of mankind.
It is necessary to the perfection of hu
man nature, and is the source of intel
lectual as well as moral progress. A
mind incapable of believing would be
as great a monstrosity as a body with
out a heart or lungs God never cre
ated either the one or tho other. If a
man is incapable of believing it is his
own fault. For, like every other faculty
wun wnicn we are endowed, the iaitn
faculty requires exercise to prevent its
decay. If faith be allowed to decay by
uisuso or by willful disloyalty to the
truth, the mind loses its desire and
ability to acquire truth. The refusal to
beliovo would result in the complete
mental and moral degradation of the
race. Bishop Kingsfoy said: "The
imbecility of idiocy and the decrepitude
of old oge lower over tho intellect that
refuses, to believe." The men who
have done most to bless the world ma
terially and spiritually have been men
of strong faith. The moral, mental and
pecuniary pauperism of the world is
found among those who have no faith
in God or in one another.
Tho great hindrance to an unwaver
ing, comforting faith is not any consti
tutional inability to believe, biit a fail
ure to comply with the conditions on
which that faith depends. The condi
tion of an assuring faith is obedience.
" If any man will do His will, he shall
know of the doctrine." The dispo
sition and effort to do God's will are in
dispensable to faith in Him. "If our
hearts condemn us not, then have we
confidence toward God." Ar. W. C'Arw-
a blind brush-maker, whose story is
worth telling for the truth it illustrates
and the practical lesson it conveys.
At tho ago of sixteen, John B was
a bright, ambitious, hopeful student in
an Ohio college. His parents being
poor, he worked on the farm in summer
to pay for his winter's schooling. He
was an earnest follower of Christ, and
it was his intention to become a mis
sionary, nnd he hoped to go into
tho field in Africa, his attention
haying been drawn to that field
of Christian labor. A violent at
tack of fever destroyed his health
and left him with a disease of the eyes,
which iu a year's time rendered him
stone-blind. Whatever the boy sullered
in this destruction of all his earthly
hopes, he kept to himsolf. He was out
wardly the same cheerful, light-hearted
fellow. As soon us he had strength he
be.gan to learn brush-making, and su-
porled himseu by that trade. A year
after he was established at it, he begau
to gather into his little hop on Sundays
the boys whom he found on tho river
wharves, toteach and talk to them. This
work he continued for thirty years, until
the time of his dealh. He had a pe
culiar aptitude for Interesting lads, and
tho experience of his own lifo gave a
force and pungency to his appeals
which they would have lacked coming
from happier men. But ho was in tho
habit of regarding his lifo's work as ut
terly destroyed by his misfortune.
"God," he would say, "perhaps will
allow me to be of some use hereafter.
1 cannot see that I have done anything
here." When ho died a letter came
from one of the most influential and
wisest statesmen of our country; a man
whose strength has urged many a re
form which has helped to elovato
and civilize the Nation. "Whatever
I am," he said, "and whatever I
havo done, I owe, under God, to John
B . It was he who took me out of
the slough and made a man of mo."
Let no boy who reads this bo dis
couraged by any circumstance, how
ever hard. If God forbids you to plant
an oak, plant an herb. It is He who
will give the increase, and only tho
future can tell how great tho harvest
Do thou thy work : It shall succeed,
in thine or In another's day,
Ann If denied the victor's meed.
Thou shall not in Ins the toiler's pay."
Youth' i dompanien.
A Great Preacher.
The following graphic description o
the prcachingot Robert Hall, who iuhia
day was almost without a rival in tho pul
pit, is taken from some reminiscences
which appear in the Sunday at home.
The writer says: " We romembcr to have
heard a departed friend tell how when
a boy he was taken by his father one
still summer evening across the North
amptonshire fields I believe it was
to the littlo village town of Thrni
stono to hear Robert Hall. It was ono
of those old village chapels with the
square galleries. As in the instance of
Chalmers, the place was crowded with
plain farmer folks and a sprinkling of
intelligent ministers and gentry trom
the neighborhood. The minister came
iu, a simple, heavy, but still impressive-looking
man, ono whoso presence
compelled you to look at him. In due
course he announced his text: 'The
end of nil things is at hand; be sober,
nnd watch.' Quito unliko Chalmers,
his voice was not shattering, but thin
and weak. Thero was no action at all,
or only a kind of nervous twitching of
the fingers, more especially as the
hand moved or rested upon the lower
part of the back, where the
speaker was suffering almost incessant
pain. As he went on beneath the deep
ening evening shade fulling thrtfugh tho
windows of the old chapel, his voice
first chained, then charmed and fasci
nated his hearers oue after another; tho
whole place seemed as if beneath a
great spell. As he talked about 'the
end,' the spell upon the people seemed
to begin to work itself into an awful
restlessness; first ono, then another,
rose from their seats, and stood stretch
ing forward with a kind of fright
and wonder. Still thero was no
action, only the following on of that
thin voice, witli a marvelous witchery
of apt and melodious words,- but
through them 'the end of all things'
sounded like some warning boll. Muro
people rose, stretching forward. Many
of those who rose first, as if they felt
some strange power upon them, they
knew not what, got up and stood upon,
their seats, until (when the great mas
ter ceased, closing his passionate and
pathetic accents) the whole audience
was upon its feet, intensely alive with
interest, as if each one had heard in the
distanoe the presages and preludes of
the coining end, and felt that it was
time to prepare. My friend used to
speak of that never-forgotten moment,
that summer evening in the old chapel,
as one of the most memorable of his
Give Us Facts.
In giving the yield of a crop upon the
farm, uo matter what, let us havo the
exact result, and then the public will
kuow just what to believe. But the
"estimates" and "calculations" from
one aero, one or two rows, a dozen or
two hills, etc., aro worth nothing.
They simply mislead. We see every
year, and already this season, estimates
of what a field of ten acres yielded by
simply thrashing and measuring the
yield of a single "land." ludoingthis
the best land is of course taken, and
tho product of ten acres given from it,
which may not even approximate tha
actual yield of the whole. Such an at
tempt to apprise the public of what the
crop amounted to is almost an insult.
Tho least that could be done by any
ono who might desire to lot the public
know what had really been raised upon
an acre, would be to measure the acre,
select it from an average part of the
field, thrash and weigh it as an honest
man would like to do. Then givo the
variety of the wheat and the mode of
cultivation, and in doing this all will be
done that is necessary, right and prop,
er, and the result might be of real ben
efit to others. It is a poor sort of credit
to acquire it by a species of deception,
and wo should" say that it would not
rest upon one's conscience very lightly,
John Moras was under engagement
to marry Lottie .Church, at Sandy Lane,
Ala. He deserted her and went lo live
in an adjoining county. When told of
his perfidy, she prayed that ho might
be punished by instant death. It
chanced that at exactly that hour he
was killed by the fall of a tree. Lottie
believes that her prayer caused his
death, and is crazed by remorse.
The " fly sufl'oeator," an insect re
sembling the mosquito, is the latest
alllictiou that has visited the Russian
peasantry. Last month, in tho Mir-
forod district of tho Poltava province,
4'-' head of cattle, two horses,
sheep and 173 pigs were killed by It.
The Hies aro said to enter tho air pas
sages of the animals and thus suffocate,
A bill-collector in Memphis went
out to the so bin bs on horseback, and
was returning with his pocket tilled
with small silver, when the horse be
came frightened and ran down the
street, scattering the monev in all
directions. It was hastily gathered by
the small boys, and the collector was
poorer by ffli.iO.
Mr. James W. Mackev, the bonanza
millionnaire, is a collector of agates.
When Mrs. Hayes and her traveling
ompanious inspected Mrs. Mac-key's
collection, during their visit to Virginia
City. Nev., they each received a hand
some specimen as a present.
Posskssion Is the murderer of human
love; but of artistio lovu it is the very
crown and chuplet, unfading and life