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Ashtabula weekly telegraph. (Ashtabula, Ohio) 1880-1886, December 24, 1880, Image 2

Image and text provided by Ohio Historical Society, Columbus, OH

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn88078581/1880-12-24/ed-1/seq-2/

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FOREIGN GOSSIP.
KiNn Oscar, o Sweden, five W.O00
rowm toward the cxponsxs t( h'or
donksjoM'a expedition. The total cost
of the expedition in wild to hare been
419,177 crowns. Nordenksjidd's' ao
oount of his voyage is shortly to be Jiub
lished in (inrman at Ieipsio.
Tub Count de Moltko, the Danish
Minister in Franco, ha one ot the tinest
hotels in Paris, and the best equipped
caniasrcs. The Countess do Moltko
adores showy and expensive clothing,
which, ai, she ia a very pretty woman,
suits her. In society she bears the
aobriquot of "the gulden pheasant,"
owinfr to the fact that her plumage is
usually brilliant.
Tiikkk was a remirkable scene in
Paris on the arrival from New Caledonia
of the Communist female leader, Louise
Michei.with the last batch of the amnes
tied. M. Kochcfort and M. Clomenceau
kisned lior, women threw themselves on
her neck, and there was altogether a
pishing scone till M. Iloohcfort (rot her
into a cub. Many of the people had red
ribbons in their buttonholes or dr8seg.
Thk Chief Justice of Kngland Is paid
fiO.UUO a year, the Chief Justii-e of the
Common l'loas and the Chiof Baron
foo.iHm each, and the Master of Kolls
(who has not to go on circuit) $:IO,UOO.
The puisne Judges are paid $25,(MK), out
of which thoy have to pay probably
about $:,o00 a year for eirouit expenses,
liosides this, all the Presidents of Di
visions have extremely valuable patron
age. The scaffoldings are still up around
the towers of Cologne Cathedral, and
the Cologne Oazelte says that it will be
necessary to keep at work upon them all
next your, and much, too, hiis to be done
In the way of glazing windows and form
ing and fitting artistically wrought doors.
The (Invite put the whole cost when
completed at o,5lH),), which was
about the cost of St. Paul's in London.
Laiv Ilt itDKTT-CotJTTS has been in
vested with the white and purple liveries
of the (iiiild of litibordashurs und made
a free and accopted draperess. She is
the tir.-t woman since the d:iys of Kli.n
both who has been admitted within the
charmed clrclo of the guild. The vest
ure Is a sort of pinafore, mantle and
robe, and a richly embossed gold medal
lion was hung round her neck. She
m:ulo a long and excellent speech, in
which there wa no sign of effort.
It is regarded as contrary to oliqtiolte
In India lor any private individual or
any subordinate oflieer to pass the car
riage of a (iovernor.' Lieut. Vernon was
returning from the Poena raws, and
passed the curriago of the (iovernor of
the Itomlmy Presidency, who was airing
himself, surrounded by native troopers.
A trooper was sunt alter the Lieutenant
to order him to come back. He refused
and struck the trooper; therefore is lie
to appear before a court niiiiTiul.
Thk now Kmpressof Itussia is said by
thoo who know her best to be a woman
of head who will ni ike her iiillucncu
felt, if the Czar's life is spared a few
years. She is a very good friend and a
vindictive enoiuy, as Count Adlerberg
has, to his uunow, learned, liussians
like the idea of a Russian Lmpress
whose policy it will be to foster tho anli
(iei'inan feeling at court and in the
schools and universities. Nihilists are
much gratified to see a further element
of disunion Introduced into the Imperial
family by tho elevation to Die Grand
I leul status of the second-class Uouian
offs who are springing up about tho
Czar.
Thk organization of the Parisian po
lice dales from the commencement ot
the present century. Dubois, the litvt
Prefect appointed, was a man of great
ad minimi naive, ability; and to his vig
orous initiative the uewdepartiiiuutowed
its speeily organization upon a broad,
sound basis. In its main outlines this
early organization remains unchanged
to tins day. Hut naturally it has been
greatly amplified and expanded in the
cour.-e of years. It is now a mighty cn
Rino, working with unfailing regularity
and far-reaching action, and holding all
Paris -indirectly all t rance in its grip.
Nothing is too great or too little for its
wuuthiul attention.
Proceedings in an Arab Court.
An I 'Mir spent in a court-room in Tu
nis gives to a foreigner an insight into
the workings of this form of govern
ment, that can he obtained in no other
way. Tho Koran is the only law book.
From it is taken the civil as well as the
criminal law code, and all cases in dis
pute are submitted to the test of this
sacred book. Tho writer of this occa
sionally spends an hour witnessing the
summary and speedy disposal ot cases
in the hides Court. There are no law
yers to torture, bully or befog witnesses,
mid thwart justice by legal technicalities.
An Arab has a complaint against his
neighbor. Iloth parties are summoned
U appear before the Kerik City Magis
trate. The complainant states his case,,
mid if he has witnesses thoy also tell
their story. The defendant replies
aiiu may also iniroiiuoe witness
es. All questions asked, either of
the parlies or the witnesses, are by tho
r'erik, with a viow of understanding aI
the facts ot the case. J-.ttner parly may.
If he so deslro, have a friend state hip
case for htm, but this is not usually uojhi
They have a straightforward way of
coining al the facta, and excluding all
Irrelevant matter that is wortny of Hal-
union. Tho decision Is given in a Tory
few words by the Kerlk. In all import
ant casus, ll the parties are dlst.atl.tled,
an appeal may be taken to tbe tier.
All criminal cases involving capital
punishment go to the Key lor bis sana
tion. In a single hour this City Magis
trate often hears and decides quite a
number of Important cases, Involving
grave questions ol property, and aveu
f personal liberty. Suits that, In the
bands of Knglish or American lawyers,
and governed by the ruloa of our courts:,
would extend over a period of months
perhaps years with expenses that
would bankrupt both parties, and en
rich several lawyers, are decided In a
-dingle m .rntng session, and pretty much
without expense to the parties. After
carefully observing tho operations of
tills simple form of deciding dis
putes and settling controversies,
I am led to believo that
it Is more direct, simple and inexpensive
than ours. Case of simple thefts,
saults and other unimportant crimes are
usually sentenced to receive a certain
number of blows on the bottom of tho
feet with a stick. As soon as sentenco
is pronounced the criminal is taken out
nl the punishment lullioted without
delay, and the man goes about his busi
ness if he has any. At all events he is
not made a bill of expense to the city
or county. The Hey sits as a Judge to
hear appeals once a week. Proceedings
are as direct and simple in this court as
iu the court below. Interested parties
have entire liborty of speech They tell
their story in the most unrestrained
manner. Questions are asked and an
swered, and cases promptly decided.
T he object of the judges seems to be to
Mine at all the facts and do simple jus
tice to all parties.
Tho best of order is observed while
cases are being examined, and the Mag
istrate Is treated with profound respect.
I have noticed, too, that both parties
appear to receive the decision without
murmuring or attempting to remon
strate, or even to call in question its
iustiee. A case has just occurred that
llustratcs the rude but stern way in
which certain crime are punished by
tho tribes in tho interior. Quito recent
ly two well-dressed Arabs, belonging to
the Uled Hamcza tribe a powerful
band of nomads Inhabiting the country
between Mount Gem and llammamet-
came one morning to the liardo and de
manded admittance to tho Bey, on busi
ness of groat importance. As the Boy
could not be seen just then, they were
taken to the Prime Ministor, Si Mus
tanha ben Ismaln. After the usual
salutations, his Excellency requested
them to slate their business. The men
were Mohamed ben Abd Alia, a wealthy
and influential man of the tribe, and his
brother-in-law. Mohamcd took from
the folds of his burnous a mysterious-looking
package, which, on be
ing unrolled, proved to be two human
beads, one that of a beautiful young
woman, and the other of a man, which
he laid bofore the astonishod Minister,
and this is tho story tbey told : Several
months ago Mohamed married a beau
tiful girl of the Villago Ouled Said, not
far from llammamet, and brought her
to his home, where he treated her with
the greatest kindness, as he was very
fond of her. His business called him
from home, and expecting to be absent
many days, he took leave of his wife
and friends. Some changes in his af
fairs Induced bim to return at the end
of the second day. He made his way
quietly to tho apartments of his young
wife intending to give hor a pleasant sur
prise. To his horror he found with hor
a young man, who, it seems, had been
her former lover. Being armed he
killed them both. Ho at onoe reported
what had happened to the elder of the
tribe. The woman's family were sent
for, and it was decided that Mohamed
and the woman's brother should tako
the heads of the murdered parties and
go to Tunis and place all the facts be
fore the Hey, And hero they were after
a weary Journoy with the grim and
ghastly heads. I have just learned that
the Hey and his judicial ollicers have
mido a very careful and thorough ex
amination of the case, and the decision
is that, as the crime -of which the mur
dercd parties were undoubtedly guilty
is punishable with death, therefore
Mohamed ben Abd Alia is, by Moham
medan law and by the teachings of the
Prophet, as clearly set forth in the
Koran, justified. lie will be sent back
to his tribe with honor. Who will say
that simple truth, even in tkis our day,
is not some times more wonderful than
fiction P Does not the decision com
mend ilsolf to the approval of men gen
erally? And the case has teen disposed
ot in a few days without great public
scandal nnd without cost to the parties
or to tho Slate. Tunis ('or. Detroit Free
rress.
Taste in Dress.
"Sim has agreatdealof taste," often
means only "Sho has a great deal ol
money." now mat the fashionable
milliner and dress-maker recognize cer
tain laws of color, the fashionable, wom
an, with a long purse, has simply to put
herself into their hands, and she will
never shock the eye by garments that,
as tiie Parisans say, "swear at each
other." But for the poor woman and
I mean only tho comparatively poor
woman, now one who has bonnets and
dresses sometimes it is another tiling.
Cheap goods are seldom as finely
tinted, and they seldom fall into sucu
graceful folds, as rich ones; and when a
bonnet is bought one month, and a
walking suit another, the results are not
as perfect as when the whole costume
is in tho hands of one modiste. But
there are ladies who produco a liner ef
fect on a small sum than others can by
a large one, for shape and color are, af
ter all, tho first requisites. Mow thoso
ooplu manage is a mystery to others,
or they are artists in their Hue. But
there are certain things that any one.
can do who wislius to look well-dressed.
The first is take thouijht ulxnit it.
Whatever is worth doing is worth doing
well. Before you go out to shop make
up your mind as to what you want.
Without this you will be talked into
buying something that you will detest
until it is worn out, ("which has often
occurred to me.") After you have de
cided upon fabric and color, take a pen
cil and get at the exact sum you can af
ford per yard for tho piece goods at
the nnmlier of yards of ribbon you want.
A half quarter too much wastes money,
or half a yard too little spoils a dress
that can not bo matched. j
Thin go out ; ask for tho thing you
want, and do not be beguiled into look
ing at anything else. As to the color,
try it in a bright light day or gas as
you wish to wear it. All good Now York
stores have a room In which to exhibit
colors by gas-light, and as navy blue
and hunter's green are a dull black by
this light, and some shades of sage
green turn to your horror to lead
color, and most purples are quite lost,
while a beautiful faint lllao boooimw
dirty white, this is necessary if you want
to bo sure what you are buying.
I think that, except to very handsome
people, who are quite conscious of their
own charms, buying a roady-mado bon
net Is the most trying of ordeals. To
stand before the g'ass with one's hair
out of orimp and whose Is not at such
a tlinoP there Is a fate In It and don
successively bonnets too large and bon
nets too small, bonnets, each of which
makes you look worst than the other,
onder a Are of mechanical admira
tion from the saleswoman : " Uli,
charming!" "That cortainly becomes
you;" " that Is lovely ;" "that Is the
most stylish you have put on;" "just
the shane for you I I admire that,
ma'ain:" with madamo, fat, comforta
ble, ana with her hair in perfect orimp,
advising and even commanding from a
short distance, and some tun or lifteca
lady customers highly interested in the
affair, gazing at one unreservedly, with
that air with which New York wome
regard each other when unacquainted
all this Is enough to break down the
self-composure of a nun, or a prima
donna. More mistakes are made in the
bonnot through nervousness than In any
other way. Therefore, persons who can
not command the chief milliners of the
city to send imported bonnets to their
bouses for Inspection, and to bo tried on
before thoir own glawes, I advise
choosing a shape and the stuff to cover
and trim it. Then don't trim it yourself,
unless you know how.
If you are In doubt about the color
for a drees, buy black. You can always
enliven and enrich It with trimming!
and ribbons. It lasts better than any
thing elso. It Is more becoming to more
people than any one color, and If you
are very stout it is actually the only
thing you should wear for a dress.
Moreover, there are gay colors which
look well In the hair and at the bosom
which can not be worn with anything
but black, and no color looks ill with it
Mary Kyle Dallas, in N. Y. Ledger.
Making a Woman Beautiful.
Onk of the most attractive establish
ments in Fourteenth Street, New York
City, s an Institution for beautifying
women. Kew New York womon need
to be told whore it is. Many are Inti
mately acquainted with tho establish
ment. It is probably the most popular
and successful establishment of tlie kind
in Now York. Its proprietors bave their
o nintry nnd city residences, keep a car
riage and trotting-wagon and a Shetland
pony-phaeton, and bave a box at the
opera. The establishment which sup
ports all this luxury is an atollcr devotod
to the line art of making women beauti
ful. The store itself is filled with bright
and attractive cosmetics, hair goods,
curls, wigs, switches, chignons and or
naments for the hair. In the rear are
hairdrcssing and shampooing rooms,
but In the second story, which is reach
ed by a passengor elevator, is tho salon,
the sanctum sanctorum of tho art of be
ing mide beautiful. No man is ever
fiermitted to enter this room. It Is a
ong, lotty apartment, the finishings in
gold and black, and old gold, rodand
bright gold. The cabinets in which the
cosmetics are kept are of black ebonized
carved wood, with gilded traceries. Tho
sofas and divans are of crimson plush
and broeatelle. Large mirrors, in black
and gold frames, are in each end ol
the room between the windows.
Other large mirrors are set in
the walls on the side between the
black and gold cabinets. The front win
dows are shaded with lace curtains;
those at the back are filled with stained
glass panes, and open into a conserva
tory, where twittering canaries make
music in the perfume-laden atmosphere.
Opening into this salon are dressing
rooms, where ladies retire to havo their
hair shampooed and dressed, and where
tho Intricate art of making up is prac
ticed. This is the way the thing is done,
as described by a lady who went through
the entire process:
" After throwing off my polonaise and
having a peignoir thrown around my
shoulders, my hair was taken out of the
little knot into which I had twisted it
and was shainpoood. It was then dried
and combed up from my face and neek,
and snioot lied at the edges with bando
lino, applied with a small fine sponge.
My eyes were then bathed with clair de
tune. This is an eye tonic, and makes
tho eyes exceedingly brilliant. Next,
with a magnifying-glass in her hand,
my coiffeuse went over my face, neck,'
arms and shoulders, carefully inspecting
overy part, and with a pair of fine
tweezers she removed every superfluous
hair. From a little box she dipped with
a small, lino, soft sponge a creamy,
rose-tinted cosmetic, and carefully ap
plied it to my faco, arms, hands, neek
and shoulders, rubbing and blending it
carefully and evenly over tho entire sur
face. Sho told me thnt she used rose
tinted crime boeause I was pale ; for
ruddy blondes white crtme is used ; for
brunettes, buff tinted. There are finish
ing powders, too, in all these shades.
"After the creme was rubbed in I was
ready for a bit of color in my cheoks
and lips. 'This was applied from a rouge
cup with what is called, and I sup
pose is, a rabbit's foot. The color was
rulibi..l deftly into my cheeks, a little
around my eye, on my nostrils, chin and
ears, and then my lips were tinged with
liquid vegetable, indelible rouge. Then,
with a powder puff of swan's down, she
went ovor the whole with a rosy-white
blending powder, brushing it off caro
fully with another puff. Now my eye
brows were brushed out and shaded
with fard indien. This was done with
a leather stamp. As the creme and
velotttine "powder had hidden r.ll my
veins, with a blue pencil they were now
traced on my hands, arms, neck and
temples. With the same pencil a line
was traced under each of my eyes and
shaded off with a fresh stamp. All this
requires tho eye and hand of an artist.
"Then a front coiffure, with waves
falling on my forehead, and curly hair,
thirty inches long, falling back, was
pinned on with invisible hair pins to my
own scanty ehuvelure, and, twining it
around a coil in tho back, it was formed
with a switch of moderate size into a
low coiffure, a la Orcriue. A few little
waving curls were added, falling on my
neck, and behind my ears a few stray
locks were drawn out and frizzed; for,
as my coipciine said, the ears should
ever lie set, as it were, in a spray ol
hair. Then my eyelashes were trimmed,
and last of all my nails wero soaked,
cut, tinted, and polished, and I was
supplied with a set of Untitle des bomjles,
and all the cosmetics I had used and a
cosmetic mask. Tho wliolo cost mo 1
you can pay 100 for an outfit if yofl
choose." New York Sun.
King Frederick's Joke.
CoNSPicrous among tho few men ol
his time who ever got the better of
Frederick the (ireat in a jesting en
counter was an abbot of the Catholic
Monastery of Camenz, who succeeded
in that high olUce the worthy Abbot
Tobias, an old favorite and friend of the
Protestant hero, whom, upon a memora
ble occasion, ho had saved from capture
bv a party of foraging Croat horsemen.
The King disliked tho new abbot as
heartily as ho liked the old one; hut,
having been hospitably entertained by
him during the last visit he ever paid to
Camenz, lie deemed it fitting to recog
nize his host's attentions by some
special mark of royal grace, and, calling
the abbot to his oarriage window, as he
was about to drive away from the mon
astery gates, said to him : " Ask me a
favor." "Siro," observed the abbot,
"our second bass choir singer is recent
ly dead. Doubtless your Majesty oan
dispose of many ohorists in Berlin. Will
my ail-mightiest, all-serenest monarch
deign to begift us with a second bassP"
The King, after a moment's reflection,
replied: " I'll send you one from Neu
stadt on the Dosse." It flashed across
the abbot's mind that Frederick had
tome short time previously set up an
establishment for improving the breed
of asess In the very town mentioned by
him, and foreseeing what sort of bass
singer the King's peculiar humor would
prompt him to forward to Camenz
wherewith to recruit its choir, he prompt
ly rojoined : " Most dread sovoroiirn, in
token of our gratitude for your gracious
bouuty, and in accordance with the cus
tom of our order, we shall bestow upon
our new second bass the name of his
exalted donor. He will be known in
our choir as Fredericus Secundus." The
King made no attempt to return this
dexterous home thrust, but drove off in
silence, which he maintained unbroken
for nearly an hour, when, turning to his
aid-de-camp, he drily observed s "That
Is what one gets by Joking with fools I"
But. he never again alluded to an episode
In which he fell that be bad been thor
oughly worsted. London Teleyruph.
Cotton raising in the Salt River Val
ley of Arizona, has proved so successful,
and the Bouthorn I acillo Kauroau af
fords such g.xid facilities for marketing
It, that the valley will probably be auiled
to the cotton belt of tbe I inleu stales
Thk quality pf the tobacco crop growr
this year is inferior to that of last year.
Religious.
CHRISTMAS CAROL.
If in t the ml Inlrtht sir Is ringing
With the aoiind of angel plnKing;
Ilonven FttMtiH to euti'h the strum,
' Peiioe on enrth, kikkI will to men."
Never sine" the world s tH-glnnlng
Whs there heitrd oueh wondrous Klno-lnf,
List! the sonir mount hurb ami hitrher.
Swelled now by tho Hesveuly cliotr
Milory ho to (ted nhovo.
On earth he pt-uco, and joy, and love."
All the onrth wna soundly sleeping:
Only h rew shepherd-, keeping
Vultliful wHleh tlml nhii-ry nliflit,
Waked, nnd saw i he lithiiir sight,
llest-d the radium anol iiig:
To yon Is iMirn tins day a King:
(In to .ludiih, Itcthleh'vn.
tin His lowly tied thci-o see Htm
On prove tho truth it this strnuire story,
And worship thero tho Lord of Glory Vr
O'er the unconscious world nirnln
Sounded foith thegi;id retruin:
"tilery he to Cod tihovo,
On earth bu peace, mid Joy, and love.'
Thus the angelx pmsr-d away.
Anil tho wondering shepherds say:
" Let us even go mid SCO
If this strange thing really be."
Do we not all know tho story.
How they found the Lord of filory
What In Heaven and earth ts stranger,
Lying oiadled In u manger?
Before the Holy t'hlld low kneeling,
Bee them ti w with reverent leellug.
Then Joyful hil-ten to proclaim
"L'brlHt Is born In hethleboui."
i in. niinnv
urn,
The I hrisl
Till. Mm U.U..I llirlit
crn:
Ileslroyslhe niuht;
Heaven s In lness
D'spelsepirih s sadness,
Wttkc and sing,
ForChrist, vur King,
Ja born to-day la Bethlehem.
R.Tiiltnnt raise
Trluiiiptian: pmlse,
The bopu of Heaven
Tu earth Is uiveu.
Iiiiiminuel
Ha come to dwell
A man, with meu;
Ho seeks a homo
Among H is own.
(JIhiI Hnrheius sing,
for t'hrist your King.
Is tiora to-day in Uctblehenw
Tho Joy Is swelling
Ileyond words telling,
Oraoe and truth
Are met together.
Love and pence
Ha e kissed each other.
Heaven give-h
Kurth rceeiveth
All tlint llt-avv.-i can bestow.
Christ has come to dwell below.
Mug, angels, sing.
Ye glad earth ring
With happy praise,
Fort lirjst. your King,
Is born to-day tn Hethlehem.
Alice UuIot jt'iAmi, in ndijiiiupolui Journal.
International Sunday-School Lessons.
FOURTH QUARTER, 1880.
Pee. 10 Itevlew of the Lessons.
Ueo. L'U Lossun Selected by the School.
FIRST QUARTER, 1881.
Jan. 2 Znrhiirins nnd Kllabeth. Luke 1 : M7
Jan. 11 The Song of Mary Lukel: SIMS
Jan. 1U 'I'lie Pr-plieuy of Zitcha-
rlns Luke 1 : flT-TO
Jan. 2:1 The f ti i-l li of Jesus Luke 2; k-'u
Jan. tin Hluiun and the Child Je
sus Luke 2: :l.Vlfi
Feb. (1 'I lie llovh'sid of Jesus Luke 2: 4D-.",-
Feb. lit -The Piea hing ot John
the Maputo Luke 3: 7-18
Feb. ai-Tno Preaelo- of Jesus. I.u ke 4: 14-2I
Foti. t-T ( hrist Healing I tie hick . . Luke 5: l:.'--il
Mar. It hliessof.lesuto.lohn.Lllke7: P'-I.'S
Mar. l:t The sinner's Friend ...Luke 7! tieViU
Mur.:.1l- Itevfew of tho Lessons.
Mar. 27 i'rcaetilug tho Kingdom. Luko 0: 1- 0
THE SEA OF GALILEE.
As thk morning sun arose above tho
beautiful ridgo ot C'armol wo were in
our saddles, and leaving Nazarotli,
whero we had passed a most interest
ing Sabbath, we continued our march
over an undulating country enameled
with wild llowors of great beauty. In
about an hour wo came to (,'ana of Gal
ileo, now only a small village, where at
a marriage feast our Lonl performed
his first miracle. Shortly after leaving
this place we passed through tho Held
whero, according to tradition, the dis
ciples plucked the cars of corn upon the
Sabbath day. Further on, my brother
i minted out a hill supposed to be the
ilount of Beatitudes, from which our
Savior preached His wonderful sermon
of wisdom nnd love. Here, too, on that
long, dry ridge, July fith, 11H7, the
great battle ol llattin was fought. In
this conllict the mighty Sultan Saladin,
leader of the Saracens, completely over
threw tho army ol the Crusaders under
Guy do I.tisignan, tho last Christian
King who ruled in Jcrus ilem. I'ro
ceoding onward up a gentle rising
ground mr a snort distance, wo caino
suddenly upon a view, one of tho most
striking iu the Holy Land.
Dismounting, we handed over tho
horses to our dragoman, nnd directing
him to lead the animals away, wo sat
down to gaze long and intently upon
scenes which revive in the heart of the
Christian many hallowed memories. A
thousand feet below us, with no sail
upon its surface and scarcely a sign of
life ujion its shores, lay in calm repose
the dark bluu waters of Galileo. Be
neath us, on the shores of the lake, nt
the distance of about a mile, is tbe City
of Tiberias. Across the lake, on the
eastern sido, rise the steep and wild
shores o! (lailara. mounting higltor nnd
higher, until at the height of 2,tHX) feet
tbey terminate in the mountains of tho
Hainan. Ilcvotul end hid from view bv
these high "ridges, is the boundless
desert stretching off toward Bagdad.
Far away to the right., in tho country
bevond the Jordan, rise the mountains
of Moab, on a spur of which Moses must
have stood when ho viewed tho Prom
ised Land. Turning to the left, our
oyes easily discern at tho distance of
about forty miles (so clear is the atmos
phere), Mt. ilermon towering grand
and majestic, its hoary head covered
with eternal snow. Directly to tho
north, perched on a high hill, is Safed,
that city which cannot bo hid the
mystic city of the future. All about us
is a region of country deeply inter
esting as the land whero lirst were
preached the glad tidings of salvation
and whore were performed tho miracles
of our Lord. 'I hose hills now uninhabited
have echoed His voice, these scenes now
desolate once lay before His eyes, these
waters now deserted wero blessed by
His feet, and these cities now in ruins
havo witnessed His triumphs.
Calling for our horses, we mount and
slowly wind down the hill toward 1 1 bo
nus, tins city, elnellv inhabited by
Jews, is a disgustingly tillhy olace. A
Moslem tradition is responsible for the
saying that the "King of the Fleas
noius ins court iu Jitiertas. ' 1 ho town,
named by Herod alter the ltoman Em
peror, was nearly destroyed by an
earthquake in 18:i7, and to day, in its
present state, it is only little bcttertlinua
dirty ruiii. The houses are built of un
contented stones, are mostly one story
high, and have the universal lint roofs.
The four holy cities of the Jews are
Tiberias, Safed, Hebron and Jerusalem;
but ninny hold the former in special
veneration as the home of Jacob and
the place to which Christ will lirst di
rect His steps on His arising out of the
lake at His second coming. To the
south, a little way from the city, are
the hot baths of Kimnaus, built by
Ibrahim Pacha wlien Syria was gov
erned by the Kgytiuns. Tbe water is
salt, bitter and somewhat sulphurous,
and is much used by rheumatio people,
who take the baths during tho Bum
mer season. The temperature is oiie
buiidrcd and forty-three degrees Fahren
heit, almost unbearable.
Tou obtain a Una view of the lake
from this point, and according to the
best authority it is about twelve miles
long and six broad, with a depth of one
hundred and sixty-live feet. The sur
face of the water is six hundred and
fifty-threo feet below the Mediterra
nean. The inhabitants believe that the
waters, which are cool and sweet, pos
sess some medicinal qualities. From
Tiberias we follow tho western shore
nearly north, and in a little whilo pass
Mcjdel the ancient Mngdala and the
birthplace of Mary Magdalen, to which
our Savior onco came. We are a
proaching, nearer vet nearer, to the
cities where Christ performed His great
est miracles. The lake was hero mar
gined with tho beautiful oleander at
this season in full (lower.
' All thro' the summer night
Those blos-ouis. red and bright,
fpread their soft breasts."
Ducks and other 'wild birds could bo
seen skimming the surface of the lake.
Soon we descry our camp in the near
distance, and galloping up to it, we find
that our tents are pitched very near the
supposed sito of ancient Capernaum.
vv nat a strange charm there is in this
nomadic life! how totally diflercnt
from anything wo havo before experi
enced! We bathed in tho pleasant
waters of the lake, and then sat down
to a dinner of several courses excellent
ly prepared bv our Abvssiuinn cook, to
which our appetites did full justice.
After dinner, in the cool of the evening,
we walked down to the margin of the
laao. nat a nooa ot memories came o er
us! Within easv distance are tho ruins
of Capernaum Christ's own city and
you cannot but be impressed with the
fact that God's anathema is fully ac
complished: "And thou. Capernaum,
which art exalted unto Heaven, shall
be brought down to hell." Not a
house, scaroelv a wall or column, re
mains to mark the site of a once busy
and wealthy city. As we Btood there,
apparently the world forgetting,
by tho world forgot," wo recalled
that it was while walking on the
surf nee of this lake that our Snvior
spoke those words which quieted the
trembling disciples and havo since com
forted so many Christian hearts during
eighteen hundred ears: "It is I, be
not afraid!'' To this sea when a great
tempest uroso, threatening destruction
me stun and all on board. Jesus ad
dressed His rebuke, and immcdiatelv
"there was a groat calm." It was ou
these shores when the peoolo were bur
dened witli a sense of guilt that those
woids were spoken: "Como unto mo.
all vo that labor and are heavy laden,
and I will give you rest."
1 How pleasant to me thy deep blue wave,
u Xeaol lialilee!
For the glorious (ine who eame to save
Hath otteu stood by tlieel
Leavimr camn cnrlv the next mom.
ing, wo took up our lino of march to
ward Mt. Hcrnion, en route for Damas
cus. Samuel S. Dennis, in N. Y. Ub
sirvcr.
CHOICE SELECTIONS.
Nkithkk keep nor covet what isot
your own.
Pkoi'i.k look at your six davs to soo
what you moan on tho seventh.
Lifk is a book of which we have but
one edition. Let each day's actions, as
they add their pages to tho indestructi
ble volume, bo such as wo shall be wul
ing to havo an assembled world read.
How much houeslv havo wo when
wo are ndjusting the nllairs of life that
are against us? What sacrili.es are we
ready to make to keep ourvobligations
and our man hood? What kind of a
spirit do wo Itnd in us when the condi
tions of lifo grind usP These things
will lost our religion bettor than the
number of timos we go to meotinr, or
the amount we give to charity, or the
number or length ot our prayers.
uoiacn kmc.
Kklkiion is a personal matter. I
must experience for myself and not for
another; for after I shall have thor
oughly satisfied myself that any Chris
tian doctrine is true, and that it is having
a purifying eli'ect upon my character,
and that it is exalting me, and that it
is making me happy, my own child must
repeat that experiment for himself, my
experiment being of no use to him fur
ther than a mere inducement to make
the trial for himself. If I desire tote.-t
tho truth of a doctrine, the testimony
of othor men is nothing conclusive to
me; on the higher plane of living, I
must be lining God s will, and then I
shall see that truth iu its wider aspects.
Dr. Dtems.
A Romance of Natural History.
On Monday morning last, as J. E.
Hughes was returning to Fresno from
a vi it to his sheep camjis, in tho vicini
ty of White's Bridge, he met with rather
a singular aud laughable adventure.
When within about eighteen miles ol
Fresno he observed a large eagle ir
close pursuit of a jack-rabbit. As the
eagle was on tho point of picking up the
rabbit, tho latter ran into a hole. In
less than a minute he emerged with a
largo badger in closo pursuit. The
eatrle picked tip tho rabbit just as the
badger tackled him. Mr. Hughes ran
over and caught the eaglo und his sheep
dog pitched into tho badger. Tho bad
ger caught the dog and came near
dragging him into its hole, but with the
assistance of Mr. Hughes was soon over
powered, the rabbit in the mean time
making his escape. Tho eagle, which
was exhibited alive on our streets,
measured over eight feet from tip to
tip. Fresno (Cal.) l.'vpublican.
CiiAHi.Ks P. Haskins ran the Punch
nnd Judy show connected with a circus.
He was arranging tho curtain over the
framework, preparatory to a perform
ance at Dawson, Ga., and a crowd of
children were watching his movements
with lively interest. Ho fell on his face,
and they laughed heartily, supposing
that ho was fooling; but whon ho was
lifted up they saw that ho was dead,
apoplexy having killed him.
It is about thirty-live years since the
last wearers of Knee brooches, shoo
buckles and queues, commouly called
"pigtails," appeared iu tho streets of
Boston. These worthy men, who had
the courage to appear iu public as the
only representatives iu dress of old-time
gentlemen, wero John D. Williams,
Nathaniel Goddard, Ebenezer Clough
and Benjamin Wheeler.
Salmon fishing on the Columbia
Rivor, Oregon, is very dangerous,
owing to certain tidal peculiarities.
Two hundred men at least are reported
as lost during the post season. Over
eight hundred boats are employed by
the canning companies, and over four
thousand men at the cannorios.
Tub trotting horse St. Julien ha!
made a protil of tUS.OUO for his ownei
this season.
Avoid a pair of boots that the shoe-
maKer says you cannot wear ouu
Billingsgate Fish Market, London.
Who would tee Billingsgate at its
busiest muswbe there by live o'clock in
the morniugT for at live o'clock, all the
year round, the policeman, permanent
ly appointed to this post, rings the great
boll, and at the lirst tone of its iron
tongue the iron gate", river sido nnd
city side, are unbarred, and swinging
wido open, admit such a concourse
as Is not seen in any other city under
the sun. Men in so-called whito smocks
with head dresses partly felt, partly
leather, some with leaves of leather
hanging half way down thoir back make
furious rushes from Lower Thames
fetroot to the river sido, whore they aro
met by fellow-laborers, who have
reached there by some mysterious
means already and who search about
eagerly for work to do. The steamers
which have been out for days in search
of the licet of fishing-boats from the
North Sea and which may have over
hauled them close to Heligoland, or
nearer to or farther from our shores,
are moored alongside the dummies by
the landing and into each of these are
lowered two timber gangways, up one
of which climb the porters with trunks
of lish upon their heads, while down
the other trip other porters with thoir
empty boxes or trunks, as they are in
differently called, ready for a fresh
load. These steamers may have arrived
in the river during the early morning,
or they may bave come late the pre
vious afternoon; or should your visit be
fixed for Monday, they may have been
there from Saturday afternoon, lying
lazily in tho gull'ocating weather, which
is not calculated to improve the flavor
of the cargo. But there are also ice
ships about and the knowledge of thoir
presence lends a sentimental coolness
to the atmosphere.
Now tho streets become noisy with
the arrival of carriers' carts from the
railways, whose systems touch the sea,
or carry river fish from Scotland or
from Ireland. Of course, tho Irish and
Scotch salmon are the most highly prized,
for those of the Knglisb rivers are not
rated so highly, andthe produce of tbe
Norway rivers stand at the lowest fig
ure in tho market. But for this class of
fish the season is nearly if not com
pletely at an end, for the speckled trout
goes out of fashion at the close of the
Parliamentary session, with its lordly
relative the silver-coated salmon. Cod
and skate, which lio about iu all direc
tions, are just coming in, and while had
docks and plaice seem numerous enough,
turbot and oysters are rather shy of put
ting in a plentiful appearance. Norway
lobsters are not just now in season, so
that one visiting tho market at present
loses the sight of thoir sorting in tho
" haddock-room," ever the ground lloor
market, a sight well worthy of behold
ing. As six and seven o'clock approach the
business becomes fast and furious. Tho
fish arriving by boat and by rail are be
ing rapidly sold off, for the most part
by auction. There is but little time to
haggle about prices; the market figures
ate tolerably well established almost
from the moment tho gates are un
barred, and customers are too anxious
to obtain thoir required supply, and to
carry it oil to distant parts of tho me
tropolis, to waste time in beating down
for pence, for shillings, or even for
pounds sterling. From tho steamers
and the Dutch eel boats, hung with
cages round tho sides, and fitted with
wells inside to keen the lish alive; from
tho heavy bargos laden with shrimps,
which are shoveled like grain into bas
kets, or with mud-colored flounders
caught by and beyond Blackfriars
bridge; from the railway vans in the
narrow roadways, crowdetlwith flat-fish
and fresh-walor fish, or with huge
baskets running over with slimy eels,
tho porters make their way in and out
of the market. The numerous narrow
byways that radiate from tbe base of
tho " tall bully that lifts the head and
lies" in Latin are thronged with coster-mongers'
carts and barrels, so that
for the general public those so-callod
thoroughfares are positively impassable
up to niito or ten o clock.
As tho market exists, its business is
carried on with all possible propriety;
and taking into consideration IhaL its
lowest chamber, which, by tho way, is
scarcely ever used, is ten feet below the
lovel of the river, it is kcjit remarkably
dry. This lias to bo efl'eolcd, however,
by means of steam power, which keeps
continually piimpiugthe water out from
.under tho flooring, and which would, if
allowod to rise, flood the building in
thirty-six hours. Strange to say, too,
this drahiago is not water from tho
river, for it is perfoctly pure ind taste
less, but is supposed to percolate
through the earth from tho Coal Ex
change, opposito where it is said the
Romans of old had established spring
butbs. London Standard.
Four Chicagoans, headed by a Mr.
Keitl), have paid out $100,1100 for lands
in Tennessee and founded a town on
the Cumberland River, intending to
colonize their tract with Northwestern
pooplo.
" What papers off my writing desk
are vou burning there?" cried an author
to tfie servant girl. " O, only the paper
that's all written ovor, sir; I haint
touched tho clean."
Prussia has 1,105 millionaires.
THE MARKETS.
NEW YORK, Dec. 20, 1880.
FI.OITR Extra lllno t 4 l (ni 6 WS
WHKAT-llod A IiiUt No. llU'i .o 1 K0y
No. 1 Whftu 1 K'i 1 IS
COHN-Nn.S Ml $ 6Kt
OATS-Mixca westurn n u
riiKK icj m on iiti 1:1 it
LAUD-Prune Stenra 8 K5 lit 8 1K1
Hl TTKIl Western 14 ui "
CIIKKSK --Ohio 10 lit
l-,U(iH Western lis 06 ia
WOOL-Pillled 21 la, 40
Unwashed 14 lit as
rATTI.K 7 75 ia IK
II liS S Ml lifl 7.1
CLEVELAND.
FLOUH- .... WOO
a X. Ited. No. 1. . . . 6 no fc 5nu
Buniiif X. lied 6 5U ut S 00
WHKAT No. 1 Ited it 1 tt'i
No. a is 101
COItN 49 ut 60
OATS No. 1 is 41
UHliKSf-t'holoe Factory... Lbiis 1:1
Ohio Dairy o or
llt'TTKU. c'holeo SI (i 81
WIGS is) IU
potatoes peruusu 4 m
smUS-Timoihy t IU lit t a,
never 4 70 lit 4 HS
CINCINNATI.
...
WHKAT lOlSia) I 0.1
IMItN i 4
KVK Vt (t HS
DATS kt 37
IIISTTEK-Oholro S) (it iiS
UOOti 'omrnon to light... 8 tw li 4 SO
Paella- 4 50 lis 4
BUFFALO.
DEEVES nest (4 50 14 711
Medium U ) u 4 ti
HOGS Common to fair 4 &0 (it 4 SI
Heavy 4 116 4 75
BHEEP i amnion u 4 00
Choloe kt 480
TOLEDO.
WHKAT-Westeni Amlwr .. 1 0"W
No. a Ited Winter .. t 1 lll'-i
cult"-Mlso Mixeu '
r.o. z u 4I1
-
PITTSBURG.
(ft f S 75
Medium 4 ?5 ft 4 W
HOGS Yorkers 4 Hi 4 4 45
Pliltiidolphliul 4 7U lit 4 75
SHEEP-llest ut 5 50
Medium ) 8 UO
Of Interest to Anglers.
investigations
have shown that of various bodies of
wnter, under otherwise similar condi
tions, that one has the greatest quantity
of lish which contains the most dis
solved bicarbonate of lime. A simple
explanation of this seemingly strange
fact is given. The simple carbonate of
lime is widely distributed on tho bot
toms of lakos, but, being insoluble, is
not tnkon up by tho water. If, how
ever, the walor contains an abundance
of carbonlo acid which Is produced, of
course, by animals in respirations this
transforms the carbonate into the bi
carbonate, which roadily dissolves in
water. It appears, therefore, that by a
sure chemical analysis one may with
considerable probability estimate the
quantity of fish in a body of water; and
conversely, Herr Weith has often been
ablo to give a remarkably accurate
statement of tho chemical composition
of a body of water on learning the
quantity of fish contained in it.
It Is a curioas provision of nature
by which the trees are m de to go bare
during the cold weather.
[Cleveland (Ohio) Herald.]
A Hammock's Wild Way.
An Illluuls exchange fuels called to thus
deliver Itself: "Ills hammock swung loose at
the sport of the wtniL" and tumbled the lion
J. 8. Irwin on his head, and bat for the ap
plication of 8L Jacobs Oil, he might bare
gone " where tbe woodbine twtneth." vea
ao, dear Jteacon, as many others have gone,
who, failtnfr to use the (ireat German Remedy
ia time, for their rheumatism and other dau
gerous diseases, " bave paid the debt of Na
ture." Hub is our motto.
TnE first duty of a sailor Is to learn all of
the ro;ies. It Is a remarkable tact that many
of the roj-es have to be taut, also, before tbey
can be of service.
[St. Paul Pioneer Press.]
What e Hate.
We hate growling, no matter the source or
csuse, and recommend herewith the remedy.
L'se bu Jacobs O.l and laugh at pain. It will
do the work every time.
Biffkrs doesn't understand whv sailors ar
continually weighing anchor. Hu saya he
should think they might keep a memoran
dum of the weight In the log book for reference.
Maine News.
Hop Bitters, which are advertised In our
columns, are a sure cure for ague, biliousness
and kidney complaints. Those who use them
say they cannot be too highly recommended.
Those altlicted should give tbt-in a lair
ttlid. and Hill become thereby enthusiastic
in the i rafse of their curative qualities,-
I'ortlaud Arffut.
11 Alt. seems to lilnge on this," remarked
tbe lover when he prop-.isod to his sweetheart,
while swlngiug od the gate la front of her
bouse.
Mn. Oencrnl Sherman
Says: "I have frequently purchased Pa
rang's Rheumatic Remedy for friends sulTcr
lug with rheumat sin and In every ito-taiu-e it
worked like magic." It will curs'wheu every
thing else fails. Bold by all druggists. Write
for sW paire pumohlet to R. K. Ilel)henstlne,
Utuggist, Washington. D. C.
A Stitch in Time. A cough may be curod
by l'iso'a Cure for Consumption la a few
hours or days, while tbe deadlier disease
which eo often follows a cough will take
weeks or months to overcome.
Tna only genuine Axle Grease has the name
of grazer on every package, aud wears longer
than any other.
Ask your druggist for Reddlng's Russia
6alve. Keep It iu bouse in case of accideuts.
If afflicted with Sore Kves. use Pr. Isaac
Thompson's Ei e Water. Druggists sell It 25c.
animffi htm
Neuralgia, Sciatica, Lumbago,
Backache, Soreness of the Chest,
Gout, Quinsy, Sore) Throat, Surelfm
ing and Sprains, Burns and
Scalds, General Bodily
Pains,
Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted
Feet and Ears, and ell i thee
Pains and Aches.
V FrMwntton M arth squall St. Jacoss Ort
s a saV, ure, 4mpf aud cAeup External
Kmdy. A trial antallt but ths unipumtiYly
Iriolog outlay of 44) Coats, and ovory wo oufforing
wlUi poin oaa novo caoan and poalUvi pnmf of lis
laima.
blrooUoai In XloToa Langnacoa,
SOLS BT ALL DROGOI8T8 AID DEALLBI
IR MEMOINE.
A. VOQIXER fe CO.,
Mattittort. Mi., V.M.JU
For (ha Cur of Courtis. Coidi. Hoftncnr-w, Atbmw
BrooclilUi. Croup, luauem, Waooplng Cough, Inlp-
i eat ijuauuiiuuak 40. rrioa ooij uuuu. a, uuiui
AOrJITIt AOKfKTflt AAVKTII
JOSIAH ALLEN'S WIFE
H A8 ROTE " A
THR Bf-LST AND
KNEW BOOK.
FUNNIEST OF ALL. J
AOENTtt WANTKD In evry town. Dont mlu It bnl
vud for CirviiisUnV one?, and ici ure nrritory. Addreii
lOUGLAib KKUli.. fifi W. Mil bC. CUicUuuiU, O.
TIIE "SOLDIERS' BLXLETIN."
A morithly ppnr divo'd t the intrrosU of ei-so)
dim li f be iMiitid ttt V lego or. tliv Dm of Januair.
by UMnrt. m VrN8 4 OILLnoN, or I ,e well-khe vo
firm of Mllo B. steveni k Co., ivii-lon Attitrm-M. frlca
fur one yrar, 8" cnu. pout Age nUutii reo-lT'xJ la
ttHVUtentof HiirwcrittUuiL Ad'Ireaj Hi fe.VF.NS tl.U
bUN, lnibllsliurtj, No, 1 Cue building, Cleveland, ulilo,
SMJSMFNlsJ n c A ,"s7j
G'JNS
RevolTers. lllus. Catalog frea.
Ureal Weoturn Uua Worlu. fuuburao. fa.
ItlA-Ba wlll1" Rubber flsnd Slumps. Circular! rrre.
Blgra JAiUius' UuuIki Diuup Works, Adiu,alaoa,
PCHBSnL
r) rtXDU M.iaj -4 if
4W. -T 'Lj?: I
Ti
Ml

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