Newspaper Page Text
JAMES BEED BON, Frop'rt.
ashtabula! i i omo
NEWS OF THE WEEK.
Gathered from All Quarters.
Gathered from All Quarters. CONGRESSIONAL.
Sknatb, Deo. 14. The following bills
wcr Introduced: To relieve the Court of Com
missioners of Alfttmrat claim; to prevent the
Introduction end dltwerolnetloa of epUootio
end oornrauntoeble dlfteeeee of enlniRla In the
United 8 tat en. Mr. Morrill Introduced a rofto
hitlon, whioh wm ftfrr to, Inatruotfna; the
Oninmlttee on Pontotlities and I'nnt roads to
Inquire, whether or not the exlutln tele
irrarrh llnrn iHi-jrHv Intet-fere with the bluings
of the Pmtolnne l)epert.nient fini whet ftor the
telnnTHphto onrvlce thiuld not be plmiM x
l"ivelv tn the hands of the Gennral (Invern
ment. The Kit John Porter relief bill wm
celled np ly Mr. Randolph, end eftprflnmedii-cus-tnn
e resolution wtw e-Iopted Ruthnrtx
Ing the Prenidont to Appoint Flu.lobn Porter
to n Colonel ry on the retired Hit with no
ofiok pay. The vote stood thirty-nix Demo
crat for the bill end twenty-threo Itepuh
Hearts end Senator Davie, of Illtinfls,
trtiinst It. Mr. Morton Introduced a
bill to Incorporate the Maritime Canal Com
pany of NieHrauinia, and It wee referred to
the Committee on Commerce. It names a In
corporator!: IT. H. Oram, Ed. Monran, II. J.
Jflwett, W. I. Garrison, Howard Potter, Fred
BIMinm. G. W. It Htrtt, Solon Humnhrlee, Fred
erick HuttcrfloM, J. Thorn ns Derranco, R. K.
Itoale and William Dennlson, and nrovldna
that the capital stock shall consist nfnotlvss
than ft'O.ixW nor more than l.uOO.noo shures
of f lu cm-it . , . . H dusk. A n effort was
made, to call up the Klcetoral count
resolution, but the Republican refusing to
oto the House was left without a nnoriim,
sr.d Mr. Hlr'knoll. who has ehnrjro of th reo
lutlon, tatl that under the existing oirenm
etanees tw would not press any further the
consideration of the resolution at this ttinn,
but would bi Inir It forward In January. A. W,
C. Nowlaln, of Vlnrtnla, was elected Postmast
er of the House. On motion of Mr. W:d the
House wpnt into Committee of the Whole on
toe Fundiujc bill.
Sknate, Deo. 15. The following bills
were introduced and referred; For the retire
ment of the small lejml tender notes: to rejru
late the Civil Knrvlco or the. United States, end
to promote the efficiency hereof to prohibit
Federal officers, claimants and contractors
from making or receiving assessments or
contributions for political purpose. Con
eilirHtlun was thnn resumed of the bill devot-
Inn part of the prooHede of tho sains of pub
lic lands to public education. . . . House. A
bill was Introduced for tho retirement of small
Icjritl tender notes. Tho Senate bill whs parsed
Smntintr n pension of $100 a month to Mrs.
oils (J. Tyler, widow of the lute Piesldcnt
Tyler. The Fortification bill was roHirt'd
from the Committee mi Appropriations and the
House went into Committee of the Wholo on
tlie bill. An amendment appropriating
0t) for ike modltlcatlon, protection, preserva
tion and repair of rortiticattmia and other
works of deTcnse, whs rejected, after soma
diHcusslon. when the coinmittee rose, report
ed the bill to the House and It pnnscd. Mr.
(tit won, from the imtnlttee on MH-l-slppl
T.cvees. report)-d the bill uppropriatinfr l.wn),
oMl fortho Improvement cf the Mitsi-ipl
Hlver. to bf expended bv and tinder the direc
tion of the Secretary of War, In accordance
With the recommendations, plans, speci Men
tion and estimate tin) under tlie ich inory
fuporv1lnn of the Mississippi Hlver Coiuiuln
lon. Urdercil printed and recommitted.
Sknatb, Doc. lfi. A bill was intro
duced providing fortho ph(o of part of the
reservation of tbcOmahn Indians In Nebraska.
Tho Vice. Prcshlcnt submitted a report by tho
Beeretury of tho Treasury regtirtllng trichina
In swine and the rest rid Ions In our ox port of
pwlne br reason thereof. Mr. Hoar presented
a petition for Woman's HufTnigu in the Terri
tories, signed by Indies occupying pluoi-s of
the hUliest rosju-clxidllty in society. The
Formication Appropriation bill was received
from i he House, rend twice and referred to
the Committee on Appropriations. The Ed
ucation bill wn taken up i"id dUcussed until
time for adjournment. ... Hoikk..-A con
current resolution wiw ailopted pmvld
lug for a recess of c'ongreMS from the
Ittd of Decembur to the fithnf January. The
Pension Appropriation bill, ufiur being
lightly amenle), as passed yens. HO; nays,
1. Mr. ItlHiid, of Missouri, asked and otV
talnei leave to have printed a sulnlltule
wbictt he proposed to offer for the Fund nit hill.
It appropriates of tho c (n now tn the
Treasury the eum of lOu.HUO.iiOJ) for the
rayincnt of the interest beailng debt of the
lotted .states falling due during PMJ uitd lbl
and directs the Secretary of the Treasury to
cause to be coined the maximum amount of
liver dollars In the manner now authorized
tiy law Htirl to pay out such dollar hi re'tenl'J
tion of the publio debt, Section 3 repeals all
laws authorizing tho lsulnif of twin-is for the
fmrpcwH of fundlntr or the redemption nf tho
ti (crust bearing debt of the Cuiicd But oh.
Jurticr SnioNO, of tho Supremo
Court tendered hit resignation to Prealdeut
Ilaveson the 14th.
In 1H7'J tho gain to tho revenue re
sulting from increased class Ilea' Ion of auar
vu $;KW,'(tl7, and In IWD $l,iU,H7'J.
liKIGAUIKH-liRNKItAI, It. B. MAKCY,
InspecUtr (ienrrtil of the United States Army,
will be placed upon the retired list January
Only twulvo Stateti in tho Union paid
m surplus into the 1'oatul Fund above the ex
pense of the tnatR etc., dm liny tlie last llscul
year. The fnlinwln; are the States showing:
a surplus, and the amount.
Maine 4.WW'New Jersey.. $ VW.m
N. HauipKhire. 4i:.an PennsyiMuim. 4il
Miuwachusetta. ir.'.in (iciaware 7.'.
Khode Inland.. IU.HW Ml. lumni lltD.illl
Crmnectlcut.. . Ik'.Usi IlliuoiH.. Kl' li
ew V oi k l,Blo,UWi W Iscoiuln. . . . 61.0114
Tub Scnnto, ou tho 15th, conlinntul
ilcnei al Mites as Hi leather (Jeneral ami (lun
era) Huxeu as Chief of tho blnal Survlc
The rrcrtitlent has nomiunted Ktipone
Schuyler, of New York, to be Charge U'Af
f aires and Consul U an oral at Bucharest, Kou
Tiik Prcbident, on the 15th. nomU
nated Jude William B. Woods, of Qeoitfla,
to be Awoctute Justice of the United State
Supreme Court, vice Jude Strong, reslurd.
Tub l'residont has approved tho bill
autboriftlug the Secretary of the Interior to
dispose of part of the Fort Dodge military
reservation to actual settlers under the pro
Visions of the homestead laws.
Tub total coinago of all coins, gold,
liver and minor, fiom the loundatto of the
Government to tha present la l,4;uS,719,A.
Tub anuurtl report of Gonorul Du
mont, Bupervlshu' Inspector Ooneral of
Mtesmboflts, says that out of perhaps 'A
OUO.OUU pssaengurs transported on. steam Vea
aels during the last twelve mouths, but lHft
lives were lost through causes tncldoutal to
The llouite Committee on PatenU
baa Instructed Clialrman Vance to prepare
and introduce in the House a bill to, reduce
the amount of feet required to secure patents.
Joseph Niuuo, Chief of the tiuroaa
of Stallitlca, in tils annua! report, says: "The
Ave leading articles of ex;ort durtug the year
ending June WHi, IHyt), were as fellows:
Bread and breadstuff, iJttg.OUtVSaS; cotton,
unmanufactured, 'JU,Nt5,V0fi; provisions,
rJ7,048,'42; mineral oils, V'lnl,JIRl(U5; tobsoco
and mauulactures thereof, $W,WJ.J73. The
United "tates bss surpasspd every oili
r wouqtry In the magnitude of lis ex
ports, bou lu hreadttufls aud provUlons, and
it la maintained that the market for American
breadstuff aud provisions In Europe can be
till further extended. The United Kingdom
of Great Britain aud Ireland standi- first among
Importing couu tries with respect to value of
Imports, both of breadstutfs and provisions."
Tables are presented showing that, of the fol
lowing; commodities Imported Into the United
JUnUdoru of Great Hritaln snd Ireland, thf.
' percentage Imported from the United Htates
waaas follows: Wheat, 64 per cent.; Indl-n
corn, 90 per cent. ; live animals, 44 per con t.
beef, salted, W per cent; beef, Iresb or slight
ly ealted, 9q percent.; butter, Vi per cent
cheese. 64K per cent.; bacon, 84 percent;
hsuua, W per cent ; lard t3 per cent ; meat,
preserved otherwise than sailed, T4 per cent,
avnd pork, sailed, U7 per cent
Genbral Howard hna been aaslned
The boiler in Baker' oar works at
New Latrobe, Pa., exploded on the 14th. Two
young men were badly scalded and although
they walked half a mile to the doctor's office
and had their wounds dressed, they were both
dead In thirty minutes afterwards.
IIknky O..LoVRRma, Worklngmen's
candidate, was circled Mayor of Lynn, Mass.,
on the 14th, by a plurality of 290.
Tna Republican Convention of the
Third New Hampshire District, on the 14tfa,
nomt nated Hon. Osslan Ray to fill the vacancy
In the present and In the Forty-seventh Con
gress, occasioned by the death of Congressman-elect
Evartt W. Farr.
Several business housos were burned
at Oleao, N. Y., on the nlghtof the 14th. One
woman and two children were reported
In the Boston municipal election on
the 14tb, Mayor Prince, Democrat, was re
elected by about ft K) majority.
The Republican ticket was elected at
the Lowell, Mass., municipal election on the
At Albany, N. Y.t on the night of the
15th, Charles A. Burt, son of a former promi
nent citizen of that place, shot a woman
named Rate Smith and then killed htmnelf.
Tiik Democratio Convention of the
Third Congressional District of New Hamp
shire, held at West Lebanon on the loth, nom
inated ColonclJ. 13. Hosier, to fill the vacan
cy caused by the death of Congressman-elect
S. J. Timten denies that he had any
hand In the overthrow of John Kelly.
Sbvkn iutndrp.d and fifty Italian
immigrants arrived at New Tork City on the
WEST AND SOUTH.
A no 1 1. e it In a soap factory at Louis
ville, Ky., exploded on the 14th. killing Phil
Hcmpel, a carpenter, fatally Injuring Conrad
Sparkel and Lizzie Olt, and severely Injuring
Peter Bolenbacb, foreman.
Tub Oklahoma eolonista comprise
farmers, mechanics, lawyers and doctors.
They have material for a printing ofltce and
two or three saw mills.
Jay Gould hae purchased the Iron
Mountain Railroad in Southeast, Missouri.
Mits. James Jones residing near In
dependence, Mo., attempted to fill a lighted
lamp with kerosene ou the ntght of the 13th,
when both lamp and can exploded causing
the almost Instant death of hor two children,
sged respectively six years aud six months.
Mrs. Jones was burned so terribly that she
died in a few hours.
Skventken car-loads of cotton wore
burned on the O., C. A 8. F. Railroad, near
Areola, Texas, on the 14tb.
William Pieucf, a drunken, quarrel- '
some fellow, was killed by his brother John !
M. Pierce at Bucksville, Ky.. on the 11th.
William had ?onn to John's house to whip
him, whoa John Jerked a rlllo out of the rack
and shot him.
K hn est A. Thomalf.n, the stamp
clerk In the Internal Revenue ofllce at Chi
cago, has absconded with $11,71 belonging to
Tiiuek negroes were sold nt publio
auction at Liberty, Va., on tlie 1'Ith, under an
old vagrant law. They were knocked down
at 1 each.
The Ohio Stato Grange adopted a
resolution ou the 15th that hereafter all can
didates (or public ofllce asking tho support of
Grangers shall be requested to publicly ex
press their sentiments upon railway corpora
tions and their relation to the people.
The funded debt of Missouri is $16,
t!o8,000, not Including 9,00(1,)0 In bonds
iasued to the Hannibal &Ht. Joe Railroad, and
for which that road Is responsible.
The population of Oregon is 171,767.
The Co-operative Stove Works at
Cleve'aud, Ohio, were destro.ed by fire ou
the morning of the 17th. Loss estimated at
A Capetown, South Africa, dispatch
says the Husutos were repulsed by the En
glish troops at Dordrech, ou the 10th, with
It is reported that four hundred
thousand Irishmen are nightly drllliug in dif
ferent districts of Ireland.
The (ireat Ea.itom steamship has
been definitely chartered for ten years to curry
meat to the United Kingdom from the Amer
ican seaboard or the river I'latte, in tlouth
America. The dressed meat will be stored In
refrigerators, audit Is esthnited that 10,' 00
to l,r,000 carcassea of beef, all hung equ.d to
3,000 or 4.000 tons of meat will be shipped
each voyage. It Is calculated that from Texas
or tho Argentine Provinces, beef of prime
r'uulity can be luld down lu England at throe
pence per pound.
Is tho Senate, on tho 17th, tho House
Joint resolution providing for an adjournment
from December W to .(miliary ft was disagreed
to bv !CT hi HI. Mr. Wallace (la.) Introduced
a bill to establish a uniform svsh in of bank
ruptcy. Mr. Hlnlun offered a resolution di
recting the Committee on Judiciary to tiiijun o
into the expediency nf Increasing the num
ber of Judges nf the Supreme Court to thir
teen. Agreed to. Tho IV union Appropria
tion bill was referred to the Committee on
Appropriations. Consideration was then re
sumed of tho Educational bill, and alter
some debute the lull was re id thu thhd
time and passed -veus, 41 ; nays, 0. Ad
journed until the i!nth. lu the' House the
morning hour wus dtsnenxed with and
the House went Into Committee of the
Whole on the private calendar. Afler the
committee roe several bills granting pen
sions were passed, and the House thon ad
tournrd. The Klootorul votes of all the States
except Ore iron bad been recelvud by Vice
rreanieui u?eier on ens irui.
E. L. Foim, former publisher of tho
Christian tfnfon, Henry Ward Botcher's
paper, died at New York on the 17th.
The unfinished walls of the Middle
town, I'a., car shops fell on the night of tho
17th. burying six workmen. William Dasher
was killed aud the others received severe in
juries. A most disastrous conflagration oc
curred st Buffalo, N. Y., on the evening of
the 17th, the sad and deplorable feature of
wlid-b is that it was attended by a great los
of life. The lulidinir in which the lire broke
out was a five-story hrick structure, and occu
pied by B nr & $o", wall pu er manu
facturers One hundred and fifty men and
bos were employed in the hutUfing Afl ol
the number were at work, and In leis than
twenty minutes ufier tU alarm was utven the
building was a mass of flames. The wulls
crumbled aud fell, and probably burled from
twenty to thirty of the employes. The doors
to the different rooms were hung to swing In
and each had a heavy spring closing them,
thereby retarding the egress of occupants.
The building was without fire eck's of
any kind and the terrliled workmen Jumped
from the windows and many of them ecped
with broken bones and bruised holies. Those
In the upper stories, being unable to escape,
appeared for a moment at the windows and
I lieu sunk back, suffocated lu smoke and ttanies.
The following Is a list of those known to be
killed: One of the foremen lu the ffth story,
badly burned, jumped to the ground and is
unrecognizable, his head and body being
mashed to a jelly, supposed to be Thomas
Fields; John Maluue, atred fifteen, lumped
from tlie fifth story and was killed; William
Rerry. fatally Injured in the head, spine and
inwardly, jumped from the fourth story. The
Injured are John Uiillln, jumped from the
fourth floor, riifht arm brokeu aud badly lu
Jured Internally : Moses Maloney, leg frsct
ured, Jumed from the fifth story; Patrick
O'Rrlen, badly burued about the head, bock
and arm broken ; F.dward McCormick,
jumped from the llf'h floor, badly ctlt on the
tho head; Mike O'Hriett, right leg broken,
and the following known to be missing and
supposed to lie lu the ruins; Htephen Mockett,
Martin McOee, Peter Hwarder, John and
James Stoul, brothers, and Day Vol is.
The Western Union Telegraph Com-
A 4 .BAd . . .
Kw Tork threaten revival of
Onlt three wooden hnntlo. now
stand on the site ol the little hamlet
where Jefferson was born, noar Char
Tiik Canadiftn Minister of Agriculture
Is said to have submitted a scheme to
the Kngli.ih (lovernmnnt to aid Irish
people to emigrate to the Northwest.
The newe.it design for scarf-pins is a
gold candlestick in which is set a minia
ture candle, having fnr its wick a dia
mond of si.e and brilliancy to suit the
taste and purse of the purchaser.
A maonificknt white oak stands In
the (Quaker burying ground in Salem,
N. J. It is more than 2UU years old,
and is remarkable for its amplitude! of
shade. In one direction lu branches
have a spread of 112 feet.
Jacob FKANCisco.with some frienda,
unearthed fourteen copperhead snakos
near Carrollton, Ky., and was bitten by
one of tbem. His body swelled to an
enormous size, and, although kept dosed
with medicines, he suffered much until
Tim new street coaches In Philadel
phia are pronounced a great success.
They go full all the while, are more
comfortable than cars or stages, each
passenger is nine nf a seat, and the
routes are so varied that, by transfers,
any part of the city may bp readily
reached. Those now in use Hold eight
persons, and are drawn by ono horse
Additional ones are to be of double sizo,
for two horses.
Shitiii.ano Ciiamher, tho father of
a family living in Barren County, Ky.,
weighs only VM pounds, and bis wife
weighs only 11 'J pounds. Hut they huve a
six-year-old daughter that weighs TM
pounds, who is about as tall as other
ijirls of her age, but meanires eighty
four inches around the waist. A son
lied when about five years old, weigh
ing 200 pounds, and some younger
members of the family are growing fat
A Gbrman fashion now being rapidly
adopted by Americans is that of be
trothal parties. They are given by the
parents of tho bridegroom-elect, who,
with his fiancoe, drenscd in bridal attire,
receives the guests; congratulations are
in order, and the whole formality of a
wedding is gone through, except the
clergyman's share of it, which comes a
few months later, when he U introduced
into the scene.
Tim power of imagination was re
cently shown in the case of a woman in
tho Now Havon General Hospital, who
had boon in the habit of taking mor
phine in the form of "sleeping drops."
Sho was given morphine for the first
fow times, and then water in a bottle
labeled "sleeping drops." bho nt first
complained that tl"s was too strong, so
it wus reduced, and sho took it nearly a
month, sleeping well when sho took it
and not at all when it was withheld.
The grounds of the Duko of Devon
shire, at Chatsworth, in Kngland, are
nino miles in circuit, including hill and
dale and lino prospect. They wore laid
out by Loudon and I'axton, and uro cel
ebrated for their trees, shrubs, rock -work,
deor and wator-works, only surpassed
iy mose ot Versailles. 1 no conservatory
is unrivalod in Kuropo; it covers nearly
an acre, measures IHXJ bv 14ft feet, is i5
foot high, has 70,000 square feet of glass.
and a carriugo road through it.
Even tho wealthy Hindoos can not
find good domestic servants. One of
thtau writes: " The good servants are
gone who used to know how to hold
your umbeclla over your head, pour tho
water over your nanus attor meals, and
exaggerate your resources boforo your
Iriomts, luis tine class ol men lias dis
appeared, and a degenerate species of
opulemic-sti H kon, untrained young bar
barians has taken their placo. 1 boy
plimdor you when sunt to tho bazaar ;
they steal your clothes, your riuej and
they are so greedy that they lick off the
very sirup from tho surface of your
Curiosities of Kleptomania.
Some curious cases of kleptomania
are mentioned in L'hamOeii's Journal :
A lady was affected with this monoma
nia ho Btrongly that, upon her trial for
theft, sho staled that she had such a
mad longing to possess herself of every
thing sho saw that if sho wore nt church
she could not refrain from stealing from
tlie altar. Dr. Hush, tho American
physician, informs us that a woman who
was exemplary in hor obedience to tho
moral law, except tho Kighth Commuiid-
luout, was so aduicteil to larcony that,
when she could take nothing more valu
able, she would often, at tho table of a
friond, secretly fill hor pockets with
bread. I.avatcr also slates that a doc
tor of medicine could not leave his u
tient'i room without taking something
away unobserved ; and his wife searched
his pockets and returned to their own
ers tho knives, thimbles, scissors, etc.,
which her husband abstracted. Tlie
wife of another physician hud so strong
a propensity to steal that on making
purchases sho endouvored to take some
thing awny that did not belong to her;
and two Gorman oountesses appear to
have been guilty of the same vice. Tho
almoner of a regiment of l'russian cui
rassiers, a well educated man, frequent
ly on parade stole Ihe handkerchiefs of
the oftloers; and ono unfortunate man
was so fur under the influence of klepto
mania that, being nigh unto death, he
actually secreted the snuff-box of his
As to modorn instances of this species
of insanity, we knew a parish clergyman
who stole every article he eould lay his
hands on. If out at dinner he pocket
ed scraps of bread, table-napkins or
anything. When lodging at hotels he
oarried off pieces of soap and the ends
of candles from bis bedroom. His lar
cenies became so notorious that ho was
ultimately brought before the Church
courts and turned out of his living.
Dr. Gall montl ns an instance of two
cltizons of Vienna who on becoming
insane were well known In the hospital
for an extraordinary propensity to steal,
all hough they had before lived lrre-
firoachable livej. They wandered about
rom morning to night and picked up
whatever they could lay their hands on,
which ihey carefully hid in their rooms.
Abnormal conformations of tho head,
accompanied with an imbecile under
standing, are often the cause of klepto
mania. Gall and Snur.heim saw In Hern
Srinon a boy twelve years old, who it
escribed as "ill organized and rick
e'y," who oould Dover avoid stouling.
An ex-oommissary of (Kiliue at Toulouse
was condemned lo eight years' Impris
onment aud hard labor and to the pil
lory for having stolen some plate while
in ofliofl. He did not deny the crime,
but persisted to the last in a singular
kino: of a defense. lie attributed the
orime to a mental derangement caused
by wounds be had received at Marseilles
in 1H15. Another case is related of a
young man who, afUir being severely
wounded in the temple, for which he
was trepanned, manifested an uncon
querable propensity for theft, which w
quite against his natural disposition. He
was Imprisoned for larceny afler having
committed several robberies; and had
not medical testimony been produced to
show that he was Insane, and which
attributed his kleptomania to a disorder
nf tho brain, he would have been pun
ished according to law.
Several ingenious but Improper de
fenses have been made by persons pos
sessed of good pecuniary means, and
holding a respectable social position,
with the view of escaping Imprisonmont
for thefts they have committed more
from moral turpitude than a diseased
mind. Ono of the most notoworthy of
I hese Is mentioned by Casper. Madame
dc X hod stolen articles In three
goldsmiths' shops: and subsequently
confessed to her husband that at a cor
tain time she had an irresistible dosire
to possess herself of shining objects.
She confessed to havine taken obiocts
from shops; and stated that on one oc
casion when sho went to return the
goods she had been restrained from do
ing so from the belief that the articles
were her own. Much evidence was
given to prove that sho suffered from
montal disease ; but on Casper's opin
ion being asked concerning her alleged
kleptomania, ho concluded that her
propensity to steal was not irresistible;
that she had not been compelled to
commit tho three thefu in spite of her
self, and that she was responsible for
them as criminal notions. His reasons
for this opinion were that, in tho first
place, although tho accused had be
sought her husband not to take her to
those places where shining objects were
to bo seen, she went to goldsmiths'
shops of her own accoid, and without
any necessity for doing so. Second,
that sho paid away silver. Third, that
sho broke up tho objects sho stoio, in
order that they might not be recog-
ni.cu, anu in .that way lead to her de
tection. Fourth, sho had not Bono to
the same goldsmith's shop twii o. Fifth,
she hud concealed her conduct from
hor husband. And last, when she was
interrogated, had mado munvtalse and
Tiif.kk is in tho human mind an in
tense lovo of tho strong. Tower is the
principal source oi tno suniime. It more
than delights it awes and fills with ad
miration. The mighty engine, the swift
lightning, and the thundering cataract
are sublime, because they exhibit pow
er. Man looks at them and feels his
own insignificance in their presence.
And yet to inspire awe, power must bo
controlled, tithoi'wise it terrifies and fills
with aire dismay. The sight, of tho
steam-engine, moving speedily over the
track, drawing after it tho wholo train
of cars freighted with human life and
valuable merchandise, never becomes
old or common. The workman will
cease his work every day to watch it,
and when it has passed he resumes his
task with tho thought, power is grand
when it is controlled. But supposo the
cngintor falls asleep or neglects his
duly, the power of tho engine is robbed
of its grandeur, nnd it becomes a tiling
to bo feared, and almost to be hutoil.
The workman looks at tho frightful
wrock of life and proporty, and then he
knows that the oharm of power lios in
its buing strong, yet controlled. Who is
to blamo for tho wreck ? Tho engine f
No, you say, the one who ought toTiave
guided its power.
There is a wondorfully good cheer in
an open firo. As tho business man
comes home at night, he loves the
hoarth that glows for him. Hut when he
comes near and finds his dwelling all
ablaze, no longer doos ho love the pow
er of Uame, for it is fast spreading be
yond tho power of control. Yet the
llamo is not to blame, Man is reverent
to the power of electricity, and he glad
ly makes it his messenger while he can
control it, but whon it slips from his
guidance, and becomes the forked light
ning, nnd shivors the hardy oak of his
field, or makes ruin of his habitation, Oh,
how he bows with fear before the power
ho run not control.
You may sometimes see a man who
bears all lint elements of a noble man
hood, yet whoso charaoter is a wrock.
Ho commands no respect from his fel
lows; lie deserves none. Ho doos not
evon respect himself. What is tlie mat
ter t Is ho to be blamed? Why more
than tho engine, tho lire, or tho light
ning? Kvideiitly, beciiuso each man has
the ability to oontrol his own power, and
if ho doos not, he himself must suffer.
IIu can do what ho wills to do. His will
is an engine, moving with nil his appe
tites, passions, personal habits, and
everything about the man. Ho is an
engineer. Ho must bo constantly on
duty, for if ho falls asleep there is dan
ger of a wrock that is almost sure to
follow. There is no sight more terrible
than an individual who has lost control
of this power; ho goes headlong on until
he rushes over u great precipice into
A man who does not control his tem
per is despised by all who oome in con
tact with him. Ilis words are foolish
and wicked, his actions silly and base.
Ho receives no respect. Some one has
said that an angry man turns himself
wrong side out for other people to laugh
nt; and ihe Word often mentions "The
wrath of fools." Some people fancy
that it is an exhibition of power to be
come angry. So it la, but it is that dan
gerous kind that is a bitter curse. Men
often give us as an excuse for wrong
doing, "I was mad and could not help
it." A poor excuse. Shame on the
man who doos not control his tamper.
However, to be self-possessed implies
mora than simple control of temper.
It Implies aa perfect mastery of all
one's emotions. The person who
laughs when it is inappropriate,
who sneers at the mistakes and misfor
tunes of others, who disturbs in places
of worship, the one who whispers, who
pays no ultontion during a recitation,
who uses two legs of his chair instead of
four, who pushes or crowds in the hall,
in fact, who does anything that a per
son of refined taste and manners should
not do, says by his actions, " I have no
power of self-control pity me. I need
a master. 1 am like the horse, I have
great strength, but some other man
must put the bridle upon me to guide
ine aright, or I shall u-e my strength for
ruin." He needs pily. He must be
helped and controlled, but self-help is
the bust help, and self-control is the best
control. I here is no nobler siirhton
earth than an individual who is master
of himself. He carries with him an air
of diguifiod, controlled power that fasci
nates you from the first. He is happy,
for his habit are well fixed, and he in
spires all who meet him to try to lift
themselves above themselves. The self-
poised people have strong and violent
passions, but have them in subleotion.
It is not that we want people without
passions, out that we want tbem con
trolled. Yon can not help loving the
blacK-eyoa, mischievous lilt o boy, full of
trioks, better than the one who is always
a sober, staid, little man, and when they
become men, the one who has the strong
est feelings under the best control, will
make the best neighbor, friend, and
THE MOREY CHINEE.
Wntch t. wbj T remark
And my Innirtiatfe Is plain
Tbnt for wrvn (hut arc ilnrk
AikI fortru-ks Hint nre vnln.
The More? t'hiiieo Is peculiar.
Wbicb tho taiue I would rise to explain.
Darnutn was his name;
And, scornltifr a duel,
I'll nnt say whnt the sumn
Mlifhl Imply 'twould becrurl:
But bis wink It was wlektsl and Truth-Ilk.
As I froqupntlv remarked to Martu. JuwclL
'Twns Ocfcibor he'd hoard
Kriiin Ihe vole in Ihe West,
Which It mlitht Iw Inferred
To his temper KHVO zesl;
And be played it that d iy upon GarnoLd
Aud inu, lu a way 1 detest.
Which we had a eampalrn
And ilarutiin took a timid:
It was Kiiir I'hiy. The .auiu
He did not understand;
But ho smiled as bo Iwwsed his Commlttrft,
With a suule that won rrutb-llke and bland.
But tn tell of enoh wire
lie pulled 'ni unsblo,
And 11 kindles my Ire
To think ot his at jltlc.
Which w:is crammed full nf mules In a bar'l.
And eac-h wearinv a bribery luble.
But the deviltry hold
of that llnrmi:n, dear! doarl
And the lies that he told
Wero quite IriKhtful to hear:
Till hi hist ho pie down h forced letter.
And sworo: "Thut Jamua wroto It Is olear."
Then at Onrfleld looked t.
And he Kttr.ed ilon me.
And I nwo with a sitrh.
And said, " (.'an this lie?
We are swindled bv Chinese cheap forging"
And wo went for tho Moroy cbinoe.
In the scene that ensued
All the volers enmo forth.
And on Itanium' fell brood
The lalr-liiludeil North
Sat down very hard and emphatio,
I'or, O, they wero terribly wixulu
In his ears, which were long,
They hiHortod a lies,
Aud hi ' dti-danUy wronir
That was aimed at Jim CI..
Turned Into a pulard lhat hoisted
This truth lovini- Murey Chinee.
Which Is why I contend.
And tlck to it siiil.
That Fate shapes iboirend
Itoilvrli. Hewitt lis they will.
Who try to Impose on tho people
wnicn tuo auuie is a losson uot. in.
Congratulating President-Elect Garfield.
After casting their votes for Presi
dent and Vice-President tho Ohio Elect
ors paid a visit to General Guriinld, at
Mentor, nnd extended the usual felicita
tions. The President-elect mado the
following happy response:
I am deeply ffrntef ul to you for this call and
these pi r-oi.al and pilbhu colutrutlllations. If
1 were lo look upon tho late caiupalKti and Its
result tuorely in the llirht of u personal strutr
irio mid a personal sueoess, it would prot
alily be as Krutlfyhnr as anything could
ho In the history of polities. 11 my own
conduct durlnir tho ciuupuiKU has In any
way been u help and a strenitth tt our
cause. I am irliid. It Is not always au easy
thini to behave well. If, under tr.iiiff cir
cuuistniieeH, my heinivlor us a Cillid date for
the Presidency lias met your approval, I am
irrently ralloed. Hut thelari-or subject, your
coiiKriitiiliillons to tae country ou Ihe triumph
ot tho Republican parly, opens a theme too
vast tor me to enter upon now. I venture,
however, to mention a relleelion which has
occurred to 1110 in roterunce to tho election of
yesterday. 1 supposo that no pulltlcal
event has happened In nil tho course of
the colitc?.! sinoe tlie eili ly spring- which
caused so little excitement, and, Indeed,
so littlo publio ob-i-rvai Ion, as tho Presi
dential erection which was held yesterday at
midday. The A inericiui people paid hut little at
tention to the dotiiHg ol tho real Presidential
election. Hud for a vory slitnillcant reason.
Althouuh you and all tho ineinliers of the
Kleclorul t'ollei-e had an absolute constitu
tional And technical '1i:bt to vote for anybody
you chose, and thouuh unwritten lAWduected
or siiwiresicd vour cboiee. vet everv American
knew that tho auf-ust suvoreiiru of this Ho
puhlic, tho nine inlilions of voters, ou an
early day in November bad pronounced tho
omnipotent flat of ulioico. and that sovorelifn,
ussumiiii' us done that which ho had order
ed lo be done, entertained Do doubt that
ho would be implicitly obeyed by nil the ool
letres In all the Stales. That Is the reason why
the people were so serenely quiet on yester
day. They bad never yet found an American
who had failed to kecphls trust as a Presiden
tial hluctor. From this thouKht I draw this
lesson : That w hon that omnipotent sovereign
ly, the American people, speaks to one man
and ordors him to do a duty, that man is
under the most solemn obligations of duty,
except tboso that thu (iod of tbo universe
might impose upon bun. Yesterday, through
your votes mid the votes of 01 bors of tho va
rious Sta.es ot the Union, it Is prooiilileitboro
tui ns will show) th it our groat political sov
ereign htis laid his conunaiiils upon mo. 11 ho
basiloneso. I tun as bound by his great In-t-pliatioti
mid pin pose as i couid bo bound by
any considoaliou that this earth cun Im
pose upon any human being. In that pres
ence, tbereloie, 1 stand, ani' am awed by the
tnalesty and authority of such u command.
In so far as I can interpret the best a pira
llons and pltrpo-esnl our august sovereign, 1
shall seek lo realize them. Vou and I and
those who have ado 1 with us in the years past
believe that our sovereign loves liberty aud
dei-lrcs tor all Inhabitants of tho Itepiiblic
peneoiuid prosperity, under tho sway of Just
and citinl laws.
tienllemcn, I thank you for this visit, for
this welcome, for the suggestions that your
presence and your word, bring, and the hope
that you have expressed that in tho arduous
and great work bel'oro us we may maintain
ho staiidai-il of natlonillitv. and iiroinotu al
that Isgood and worlhy In this country ; and
that during t tie coming four years wo may rai-ie
Just as largo a crop ol' peace, prosperity. Jus
tice, liberty ami culture as it Is ponslblo for
(uriy-uiuo millions of people to raise.
A Pertinent Suggestion.
One suo-o-estion is certainly In ordor.
It is meant only for those Democrats
who wish to bo gentlemen, and who
have some senso of self-respoct. It is
about time to quit insulting nnd befoul
ing tho American pooplo. No Demo
cratic politician or journal can make
anything in that business. But whon
the Democratio politician or editor
savs that President Haves is a fraud,
or that General Garlleld is a perjurer or
linoe-tuker, he no longer insults an in
dividual. Ho insults a majority of the
people of this country, and a very largo
majority of the people of tho Northern
Much has boon exoused in respect t
President Hayes in consideration of the
honest dispute as to his election. We
can understand that the Democrat, who
could not see how Mr. Hayes was legal
ly ami honestly elected, may naturally
havu felt very bitter about the final de
cision. In that spirit of protest he
began to appeal to the country four
years ago, and has beeu appealing ever
since. Ihe American peoplo have
heard all that ho has had to say. It is
an insult to them to say that they have
now sustained the Republican party.
believing that it captured tho
Presidency by fraud four years
ago. A large majority of the
Northern pooplo are declared by the
Democratio editor to be unmitigated
scoundrels, when he asserts thut tho
party which thoy have now sustained.
and continued in powor, obtained the
Presidency in 1876 by f rami. The plain
truth is that the people have decided
iigiiinsl tho Democratic claim. . They
hold that tho elections in certain South
ern States were vitiated by Democratic
violence and fraud; that tho country
was compelled to choose between a
President chosen by shot-guns and
tissuo-ballots, aud a President chosen
by the operation of stringent and arbi
trary laws enacted at the South for the
purpose of preventing such frauds; and
that the choice of President Hayes was
in accordiuico with tho real wiil of the
people as lawfully expressed. That is
the tinul verdict. After hearing all that
Democrats have said for four years, tho
American peoplo so deciuo. Common
decency aud self-respect require Demo
crats to submit to the decision.
As to General Garheld. the case is
still mora simple July. Autrust, Sep
Umiber tiad October were crowded with
lies about him. Kvery Democratic
oowspaiMir placed belore the people all
tho evidence it could get, true or false.
General Garfield had been guilty ot
dishonorable oonduct. Tho people
have heard the case and rendered a
verdict. Rarely is any man compelled
in his own defense to re'nnin before the
jury four months, and to moot all tho
evitlence that one hundred thousand
hired attorneys can hunt up or manu
facture during the time. But that Is
the sort of trial Genera) Garfield has
borno, and the vcrtlict is in his favor.
Thopooplo have doclaretl, bv their votes,
that they are convinced there was no
dishonor nor corruption in tho mnttors
of which ho was accused. Tho Demo
cratio politician or editor who still
asserts tho contrary, after tho final ver
dict of tho people, docs not bofoul Gen
eral Gartiold; he only throws mud at
the people. Thoy have heard the case,
calmly, dispassionately, nnd with a
high sense of honor. He has suppressod
evidence, published falsehoods daily,
distorted facts, emptied his passions
and prejudices into his pretended judg
ments, and read tho returns with a
sickening consciousness thnt no fat
ollicn will reward tho debasing nnd de
gratlod work that ho has done for party.
The verdict of tho Democratic politi
cian or editor dishonors no one but him
self. The verdict of tho American peo
ple finishes tho case forcvor; they de
clare that James A. Garfield is worthy
of the highest honor they have power
Will it pay for Democrats to insult
tho people any longcrP Thov can as
certain by trial, if tiioy choose. It is a
patient and long-sullcring people, and
possibly it may liko to have mud spat
tered in its face by traitors, bulldozers,
liars, perjurors nnd forgers. It may
possibly conclude that mon liko llar
num and Hand-ill represent integrity
and virtue, and that the millions who
voted for James A. Garfield are guilty
of sympathy with crime, if the Dem
ocrats think that tho American people
will tolerate blackguardism of this sort
without resenting it, thoy are mistaken.
But no Democrat who lias self-respoct
will hereafter indulge in foul abuse of
the man whom the people of this coun
try have adjudged worthy of the seat ol
W ashington and Lincoln.' New York
teiyWas it Wado Hampton, or En
glish, or Hancock who did it?
4iyEven Now Jersey is not all bad
it has a Republican Legislature.
Jftiy" If the Democratio National Com
mittee only had a wicked nephew!
JJf-jyTildon took his turkey joyfully,
as becomes a man who has condoned
"iySenator Hoar says "Garfield will
not bo the tool of anybody, nor tho con
tinuation of anybody, nor tho servant
sir-The Solid South cannot exist
long in tho face of Domocratic protests
against free counting. Exposuro bv
members of tho family will ruin tho
HaiyThe Democrats are wondering
who will fill Garfield's place in tho Sen
ate. Lot them wonder, if there is any
comfort in it; when tho Republicans
got ready they will namo the man.
llclroit font awl Tribune.
ISyPaul Strabach, Republican, had
4,000 majority for Congress in Mont
gomery County, Ala., which tho Demo
crats proceeded to reduce by throwing
out the strong Republican districts.
" Let us liavo an honest count."
teiyThe Democrats, who have grown
wise after tho defeat, denounce their
campaign as one of blunders. Whon has
tho Democratic party done anything
else than blunder since 1856? Is not
its very existence tho prime blunder of
I'-jy Thore has been no ond of reme
dies proposed for tho Democratio pa
tient, but there is only ono which will
do it any good, nnd that is the ono
which it is sure to got, namely seclu
sion from the excitements of official lifo
for the next twenty years. N. Y.
KayEvory man's lip must curl with
contempt as ho reads Burnum's bung
ling attempt to sneak out ot tho respon
sibility for tho Morcv iniquity. Noth
ing has so tlioroue bJty shown the roal
poverty of his intellect nnd his re
sources as this ineffably fccblo attempt
to exculpate himself from tho crime of
which he stands convictca beloro me
whole country. As a bit of special
pleading it does not riso above the aver
age of the mumbling nud inconsequen
tial excuses mado by criminals whon
ordered to stand upand say, if they can,
why sentence should not bo passed
upon them. It is puerile, pointless and
solf-contrudictory, and cannot help low
ering Mr. iiarnum m the estimation ol
those who, while thoy havo had no re
spect for his moral scruples, have al
ways Donovea mm to be a shrewd
scamp, Toledo lilwlc.
jtaorWill thore novor be an end to the
Democratic endeavor to explain their
defcatP Thoy havo ascribed it to Til
den's lukowarmuess and Kelly's treach
ery, to Burnum's blunders and English's
unpopularity, to Republican coloniza
tion and the Federal Marshals, aud still
they remain just as much in ignorance
as to what did it as the colored man was
iu regard to his misfortune. He was
stooping over to got a drink from a
creek, wholly ignorant of tho prcsonco
of a mischievous goat, and in a moment
found nimsull sprawling in tno water.
When ho crawled out and was asked
how it happened, he answered: "I
diinno, 'xactly, boss; but 'pears to me
as if do shore kinder h'istcd and f rowed
me." The Democrats hail better give
up the attempt to explain tlie defeat of
their party, and conclude that tho coun
try just "h isted and f rowed" it N.
i . i Tiuurte.
ir It Is well to bear in mind that.
oontomptiblo as this wholo Chinese let
ter business has boon, and utterly un
worthy, on any theory of its origin, of
the stir which has been mado over it, it
certainly did have an adverse influence
in several States on the fortunes of the
Republican party. Suppose thnt its in
llueuce had been powerful enough in
this State to leave tho Republicans iu a
minority, aud, therefore, to elect Han
cock; or supposo that tlie State had
gone Democratic, with this letter figur
ing us uue ui ma cuuises wnica leu to
that result. What would have been the
otl'oi t on the Ro publican voters of the
North of tho discovery that thoy had
been cheated of victory by forgery and
subornation of perjury? A discovery
like that would oerluinly have brought
the country nearer to the verge of ctvi
war than it was in 1876; would have
disturbed confidence in the stability ol
our Government, paralyzed industry,
and caused an amount of distress aud
ruin which it would be ditlicult to meas
ure. And all this because a fow miser
able political tricksters wero ready to
take any risks, to descend to any depth
of rascality, in order to secure for their
party the benefit of what they regarded
as an excellent campaign document.
The actors in this plot stand before the
bar of the country charged with t tit
blackest and most dastardly treason.
SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.
Tim number of telephones In the
United States Is estimatod to havo In
creased from 12,000 last year to 200,000
Tim proof that potrolcum sources are
almost world-wido appears to bo abund
ant, and its use would also seem well
nigh coeval with civilization. In one of
the Ionian Islands there is a spring
which has yielded petroleum more than
2,000 years. Tho wells of Armenia, on
tho banks of tho Zaro, were formorly
used for lighting the City of Genoa. In
Persia, too, nour tha Caspian Sea at
Balm, numerous springs of potroleum
have been known from the earliest times;
and thoso of Rangoon, on the Irawaddy,
are said to have yielded, before tho gen
oral introduction of petroleum among
civilized nations, some 400,000 hogs
heads of oil per annum.
It Is surprising how quickly the vege
tation of many countries sottlcd by Eu
ropeans has been modified. A Gorman
writer,describing the flora of Chili south
of tho Vuldivia River, states that tho
scenery botween the Rio Buna and its
winding aflluents reminds him very
strongly of homo. In the park-like
prairies, associated with deciduous
beeches, aro numerous scattering apple
trees, originally introduced from Eu
rope The apple tree has spread from
Valdivia to Osorno, nnd ovon crossed
the Andes into Northwestern Patagonia,
and spread thence eastward. Indeed, it
has become so widely distributed and so
general, that the Indians from tho dis
tant regions of tho Argontine rivers, Rio
Negro and Rio Colorado, are called
manzaneros or apple Indians.
Hans IirtcKNKn, a skillful German
experimenter, announces a discovery of
great interest nud importance in its
bearing upon tho theory of evolution.
Ho has succeeded in transforming ono
kind of microscopic fungi, which is a
dangerous agent of disease, into another
kind of fungi which is perfectly harm
less. This remarkable result was reach
ed by a continuous trcalment of the fun
gi for six mouths, during which time
1,600 generations were produced. Ho
was through this process enabled to
transform the bacteria which cause
" mil.brand," tho dreaded inflamma
tion of the sploon, Into the " heupilzo,"
or harmless fungi of hay, and vice versa.
Ho also produced an organism, hitherto
unknown, which forms a connecting link
between the above named fungi.
PITH AND POINT.
A riAiR-ruTTETt without a customer la
a head-waiter. Di troit Free Press.
Blind confidence in an empty worm
hole will lead a man to eat unroasted
chestnuts in the dark. N. 0. Picayune.
A travf.ling printer, who' for want
of employment at his trade wont to work
on a farm, cume in one day to ask hia
employer if a hen should be set solid.
lioxton Commercial Bulletin.
The fust thing a man thinks ov Iz
himself; the seckond thing ho thinks ov
iz himself agin, and tho third thing he
thinks of iz himself once more. Bully
for man! Josh Hillings.
Tiik statisticians wonder how it hap
pens that lightning strikes twice as many
men as women. We suppose the reason
is there arc more conductors among the
It is a moan thing for a handsome
man to go to a town and give every in
dication of being in tho markot until
half the girls are wild about about him.
and then send for his wife. Boston Post.
A candidate defeated at the recent
election m ido his first appearance upon
the streets tlie other day, and his coun
tenance looked so mournful that fifteen
undertakers tried to engage him to drive
a hearse. Philadelphia Chronicle-Herald.
" Dkar mo," said Mrs. Watklns, on
hearing of tho death of her friend Mrs.
Tomkins, " I fool that I'm vory poorly
prepared for eternity. I haven't a sin
gle dross fit to be laid out in." And she
at once gave orders to the dressmaker
for a new dress. Boston Advertiser.
An Indian Ball in Montana.
Monday a novel and interesting per
formance, in the shape of a dance, was
tmaobed on Main Street by over 100
Sioux and Chcyennes, who were accom
panied by about twice as many squaws
and papooses. The warriors were gro
tesquely dressed in a stylo which would
have been docidodly cool even in sum
mer ; as it was, tlie day was quite chilly,
nnd the dusky braves hail to keep up a
vigorous dunce to fewl at all comfortable.
Tho ceremony commenced by their all
squatting on the ground in a large circle,
when Hump, who seemed to be the
leader, struck the drum a few taps; they
all jumped up and commenced circling
nround, shaking the sleigh-bells with
which thoy were all ornamented in a
very lively manner, making a pleasing
nccompaniment to the thumping of the
large dram, which by this time was
hcuton by over a dozen Indians, all,
however, keeping a sort of monotonous
time, to which the dancers kept step.
All of the participants in the dance had
their bodies painted various hideous
colors, some being green, red, blue,
black, and many parti-colored, with
their faces painted in many colors and
lo king: very ugly. Most prominent
upon them all was painted a number oi
horseshoes, which represent the number
of horses owned by each individual. At
each of the stores above mentioned
barrels of crackers, cadtties of tobacco,
and large quantities of sugar and gay
printed calico were given, which pleased
them greatly. The dancing was kept
up for several hours, and was witnessed
by many ladies and citizens, to whom it
was very interesting. After gotting all
they could from the stores, they dis
banded and dispersed to thdir camp the
other side of Fort Keogh. Yellowstone
Preferring Death to Liberty.
Thf. St. Vincent de Paul Penitentiary
here has in it a number of defaulters of
good families undergoing terms of from
two to seven years. Among them are
Jean Satem Paquotto, ex-cashlcr of the
Hocholaga Hank, and Alexis Tourville,
ex-book-keoper to a merchant. Their
terms expire soon. As the time for
Paiiiotto's release approached he be
came moody, and at last refused to
much food. ' Ho persisted in his refusal
for several days. Yesterday morning,
under the Influence of threats that nour
ishment would be forced into him by
violenco, be began to eat again.
To-day Paquette heard feeble groans
proceeding from Tourville's coll, whioh
adjoins his. He called one of the
guardians, who found Tourville lying in
a pool of blood, his throat horribly
cashed. He had tried to kill himself by
moans of broken glass from a small mir
ror he had been permitted to have in
las cell. Physicians wore summoned
tud the wounds were sewed up, but his
recovery Is vory doubtful. It is thought
that he dreaded the idea of living to
meet bis friends again, particularly the
auy to wnnm no uaa been engaged.