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WORKERS OF THE
Official Organ of the Communist Labor Party of Ohio.
CLEVELAND 0., FRIDAY, fEBR. 20th, 1920.
Address ail mail to
3207 Clark Ave., Cleveland, O.
$1.00 A YEAR
The Power Of The Press
By Eugene V. Debs.
The power of the press h sadlv iinderestknated in
the socialist movement. The ruling class make no' such
mistake. They are keenly alive, to the power of the
press in moulding public sentiment and in shaping af
fairs in accordance with the interests. The capitalist
papers do not suffer for the want of support and never
die of starvation. They are fed fat and ungrudgingly by
the class in power and in return serve that class with
all their power.
Not so with the press of the working class. "With
scarcely an exception the papers and periodicals publish
ed in the interest of labor eke out a precarious existence.
Niiiety-fivo oer cent of them line the highway of the
past with their skeletons. They lingered for a brief
while and then gave up the ghost, falling victims to the
chronic laibor-paper malady, starvation.
Of course not all papers claiming to be labor papers
are fit to exist. Many of them are fakes and run by po-'
litical grafters. These often thrive in their blackmail
and graft while an honest paper is allowed to die for
the want of support.
Working men and women ought to have intelligence
enough by this time to discriminate Ifetween an honest
labor paper and a grafting sheet and they ought to be
loyal enough to the working class to give their support
to the paper thait uses its influence to mould sentiment
in faivor of their cause and fights their industrial and
It is when the strike comes that the working class
suffer most keenly the lack of a powerful press that
reaches the people. They are always at a fearful disad
vantage on this account. The capitalists get in a thous
and licks to their one, not only because they can get
their case before the people in its most favorable light
and keep it there, but because they can put the case of
the workers in the most unfavorable light and keep it
there, t " ,
If the "working people had a press the slugging mo
ods of corporaftioMs in a strike and the activities of
l3rriwmfiT0W oiiTv f e'Tifiipo'Bsiulo
The working class can expect nothing from the
press of the capitalist class but misrepresentation and
injustice in the struggle for its rights. The working class
must build xip a powerful press of its owjj and this vital
fact it cannot realize too soon.
Thousands of workers subscribe to capitalist papers
without contributing a penny to their own and this is
one of the reasons why the working class is still in
slavey and will remain so until it rises in its might
and asserts and develops its power to achieve its eman
Soviet System will
By The Federated Press.
PARIS Socialization of house
keeping is the only thing that will
really omncipate woman, declares Ni
colai Lenine, head of the Russian sov
iot government, in a pamphlet on The
Great Initiative written for the study
of the Russian workers.
"In one year, Russia did more for
the freedom of women that hud been
even attempted in 10 years in other
countries, " he said. "All Uie humil
iating laws prejudicial to the rights
of women have been abolished; for
example, those ,.lacing obstacles in
the way of divorce, or the repugnant
formalities in the search for the pa
ternity of " illegitimate " children.
Thee laws are in force in all clvilircd
states, to the shame of the bourgeoisie
and of enpitaliam.
"We have o right to be proud of
our accomplishments in this country.
Rut in proportion as we realize the
bases of capitalist laws and institu
tions we will arrive at a clear vision
of the edifice we are to construct.
, "We haven't begun building yot.
"Woman is still, in spite of every
thins. domestic slave. The I (Rill
cipotlng laws have done nothing, for
there still rcmnin all the little house
hold tasks which chain her to the
kitchen, to the nursery, and make of
her unproductive thankless activity 1
chnin of miniature torments both op
prevOvc and stupefying.
"A real emncipatien of women, a
real Communism, will exist only when
the proletariat takes the reins and
OVvtttrM war against dovilo
slavery. In other words, when society
shall he entirely reconstructed, with a
view to n -oners! soc lallration of
say the Ballot is sacred? Then why is not that seat
occupied? (Answer me!
: Jilt r
u rmMiouiltdVjy Id Hale
Stand Up And Be Counted!
So many comrades are stopping forward to the front
rauk of literature distributors and Toiler subscription hust
lers that we are daily astonished .at the growing number
and the vim with which they attack the work of educating
the workers. Truly it is a sirrht to make every social revo
lutionist rejoice, for don't you know, the ''reds" are supposed
to be buried deep, deep, deep beneath the heel of reactionary
capitalism but they are not not by a, well by whole lotl
Tf you would read the many ,many letters, we receive
form every part of this biir country telling us that whatever
others were doing, THEY were on .the job and would stay
on till the worker', rale is established ,and then to see the
proof in cheeks and money orders for literature and Toiler
subscription cards well, you'd sure believe that a lot of
"reds" hadn't turned pink yet. You sure would.
And we have decided that if there are so many live wires
distributod so widely over the country, there must be many
moro who have not yet taken a hand in the greatest work
that any one can do, the work of educating the worker in
his own economic interests. So we extend an invitation to
every one of you to yoin Now this big campaign for subscrip
tions far The Toiler and a distribution of the literature we
advertise You cannot do more nor better work in the Move
ment than these two things. Therefore, we urge you to give
them your best efforts. Tf you are so situated, that these
are impossible for you, then there is still a way for you to
hel). The dimes and dollars which you san give will aid
greatly in carrying on the work. If you can't work in the
Movement, then let nr dollars wcrk for voiv
We as! every reader to resolve to do a real comrade rff
share in .his work 'Jake a stand now. Stand up on vour feet
and be counted!
America and what America Need s
I SOME OF AMERICA'S NEEDS AREDISCUSSED BY PROM-
1INENT MEN IN ADDRESSES IN TWO CITIES.
MORE EDUCATION LESS DEPORT
ATION IS AMERICA'S PRIMAL
NEED, SAYS FORMER
Charging that America is neglect
ing the most vital and fundamental
Amer icsMAmerica n.
1 The practical realization of this
program has already begun. The re
sult is hardly felt ns yet. But one
must nit undcrstininte these first at
,mpta Community restaurants, kin
dergnrtens, are in s measure, new
forces still far from mature, hut hold
big the potentiality of woman's email
pstlOU, since they tend to equalize
.soman with man in the. field of social
production and life.
"These methods are not new. Like
all forerunners of Socialism, ' they
navo been, for the most part, organ
ized by capitalism But under the
capitalist rcijrme they have consti
tuted only the exception. They still
offer the most dreary examples of
speculation, cupidity and fraud. Or
else they are transformed into hate
"We have taken over mori of these
Institutions and they are beginning
to lose their old characteristics.
"We're not shouting in the street
like th capitalist press over ex
ploits: our p-ipers aren't wasting their
time praising o.ir community kitchens.
"But it la nevertheless true that
.hey are founded on these principles
Economy of labor; good management
of provisions: improvement of sanita
tion and the freeing of woman from
domestic slavery. "
LENINE, THE MAN
AND BIB WORK
by Albert Rhys Williams
- fl.50 ,
Address - Thg. Toller.
DBBfl: HIB LITE
by David Karshnar
- 11.50 -Address
- The Teller.
RUSSIA IN 1019
by Arthur Ransoms
AdAms The Toller.
The following typical tirade froth
cl from the lips of a leader of t lit
American Legion lately, according l'
the Chicago Daily News:
Col. Milton J, Foreman, state soify.
majKhvi of the American L'glon, who
led the l2nd field artillery (old 1st
Illinois cavalry) in the 'Argonne, was
in a fighting frame of mind today.
Me had just finished reading in a
morning newspaper that a delegate of
the Painters' Union, Local No. '273,
it a meeting of the Chicago Fedora
tion of Labor, annunced that steps
have been taken to ' weed out from
the union all members of the Amer
"Such legion members arc tools of
the capitalist svtitcm' " the unionist
is reported to have said. "1 urgo all
yon union delegates to weed them
t ut. ' There was applause but no
action was taken.
"fhe American Legion,'' said Col
Foreman, "has iust two purposes for
existence. We men who saw service
ire Joined together for brotherhood
Second, we are organized to serve
America. The American Legion is
i.n American, nomine else, sir. it is
B w '
not an agent of propaganda for the
" capitalists, '" or for the unions. Tim
business of the American Legion is
to hnmmer home the philosophy aud
practice of Americanism, to Ameri
canise this country from coast to
coast, and to mnke every dweller with
in this land a 100 per cent American.
That s the job of the American Le
gion." A sane honestmindod man would
iittursly suppoee that the manner in
which the masses of people In Amer
ica supported the government during
our foreign war by toil tears and
blood proves that America Is pretty
well "Americanised" already! This
rant about making the American peop
le American is cither idiocy or hypo
crisy. They are "American." They
believe the gospel of freedom which
waa preached before and during the
war. Tho main llnertaet
them and some over-boasting "pat
riots" is that they believe It yet
Their profession of loyality to liber
ty was put on as s camouflage In
rOVCJ h plan of plutocratic plunder
and military tvranny at home. And
theso real people of America will de
cide what true "Americanism" la
without asking the silvice or consent
of bigoted, bitter, self anointed guar
diahs of public opinion.
"Miserable creatures who are yip-lii.t-
aid snapning at the heels of
nclc Sam have either got to become
, merienns 1"0 per cent, too!
hi they've got to pack up and get
out.. We don 'I want them in this
countrv. The re not satisfied, ap
parently, with America; we are not
sitisfied to have them stop here Tho
best thing is for them to get out
Any one who is real "satisfied''
with conditions in America today is
self-evidently a grafter or an igDor
amus. Col. Foreman appears to be
unfamiliar with the conditions from
which tho American people suffer now
ashewns with the cannon which "his
men" of the 122nd used in France.
sonny, tne American ijeirion is
u'oing to make this republic America i,
all wool and a yard wide or we'll di
fighting. We learned, we legionaries
how to fight faioty well over there.
You can't make that too strong'. W
men who went overseas found out
what a blessed place America is. Wo
love this land more than ever, now
that wo are back; it's worth fight
irg for. If we must, we'll fight."
if the dear eld Col. would tak.
time to meditate a little upon the
spirit manifested on many occasions
by Americans he might wisely con
clude that they are not the kind of
people that can be bluffed by kaisers,
colonels, ambitioua cub officers, or
their little tinael capitalist gods. And
if Col. Foreman did not see enough
fighting in France, and Insists upon
war at home in the manner of sup
reme insolence, arrogance and ignor
ance revealed in tho unhappy out
break hore quoted from we are very
much afraid and we say it with
deep sorrow that he and his kind
lire likely to see fighting enough to
satisfy them all! He most not forgot
that the ''World War Veterans" and
their allied organisations are more
numerous than the reactionary Lcgio:i
i nd that they hare millions of sym
pathlsers. They stand for real democ-
Mv the way, does the Col. intend to
delay his threatened "fight" until
those he opposes organise an armv
and then go out to meet them on the
field of battle, feet he mean nicely
to "fight" wllbj hot sir, or is he
encouraging hie Tieglen to i.se the
outlaw methoda aj iib mnider? His
talk is dangeretaly inflammatory.
The mob- me thoB might lie In.itnted
by n larger mob 111 enlraged common
people. No Miu 'American" will
encourage mob actiou. He ,vho docs
is an anarchist of the first grade.
SHALL "TERROR" RULE
"T have no fight, mark yon, with
the American Federation of Labor. 1
am confident that 9!) per cent of the
federation ' personnel is just as heart
ly pro-American as any other group
of patriots. There were many thotn
linds, you know, who left their union
jobs to servo the country in the army
and navy, But the American Legion
will not tolerate the few malcontents
they are just natural born trouble
makers who refuse to march to the
tuno of Yankee Woodle. The Legion's
going to mako those few malcontents
become Americans or they'll be
kicked out of the country."
What n hravc(t) chivalrous( f) gen
erous(t) American'?) spirit is here
mani'sted in the name or "patriot
ism"! Our factory magnates and mon
ey lords enticed millions of people
from foreign lands on the promise
of large wages, happy conditions nnd
n haven of rest from political nnd mil
itury tyranny every one of these
alluring 'eitures being greiiti.v ex
aggerated in the Ijing circulars dis
tributed by big business in every
country ow, afu: they are here,
and have becOU-Q Jissatlsflei because
they havo beep ..'eteided, are we to
curse them and forcibly deport them?
If they do not like the mad nilo of
profiteers and grafters, If they criti
cise the govrnment nnd demand the
America make good her far-flung pro
fessions of justice and liberty, they
must not bo argned with, educated
and convinced (of they might get the
better of the argument!) but they
DMBi ho "kicked out of the country"!
This is tho cheapest and most cowardly
mock heroism and false patriotism that
could possibly bo staged And the
pity ot it is that surh folly is more
dangerous to the peace of the country
than nil the "reds" that might be
found. Such talk is not indulge in
by time-serving politicians and their
supporters because they fear any
ham to America from tho "redr";
It Is for the purpose of Intimidating
the reformers and misleading the mu
ses ; but the present day reformers
c no more he Intimidated than
could Washington Jefferson or Lin
coin, and the peoplo are looking for
new leaders with social vision, not
Continues! on page1 4th.
large erow4 attended a meeting
called at the Coliseum at Chicaeo Feb.
oA-JlfJatruttojf,K.Se4 ..fliJhth utwraa iirf lhtl:MHatiiif
Bale former juvenile court judge of ions on 'free speaeh in America.
POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC DIC
TATORSHIP OP THE WORKERS
WILL SOLVE AMERICA'S
PROBLEMS, 8AT8 RAB
Columbus Feb. 11th, at Cleveland, re
lated personal experiences with boy
and girl victims "of a wrong con
ception of the privileges and obligat
ions of society "
Orphanages be characterized as
'(monuments to the selfishness of
America," and "fashionable and fad
dish social service .work," ho said was
in keeping with a "governmental con
ception of American needs that ap
propriates $7,r00.000 in one year for
cattle, hogs and crops and $20,000
for the welfare of our boys and girls,
the manhood and womanhood of the
"But then " said Mr. Bale, "hogs,
atlle and crops enn be sold for dol
lars. Last vear this country spent
five times as much on automobiles
as for all nnd every kind of educa
tion. Are we placing the best things
"Po we realize that we are damn
ing the hearts, souls and ideals of the
next generation by measuring tho
SUftCeM of today by the dollars n man
can accumulate? The onlv test of a
man's success is the service he has
rendered his fellow men.
"Ho many of our churche:- 81
you think would shut their doors in
the face of Christ if he returned to
day ard associated with the mme
typo's of people he consorted with in
his davf Until we remove the fences
of preference for creed, race or color
we do not know the A B C of Chris
tianity or that democracv we mouth
so much about.
"The SOO.000 boys and girls in
America who never go to school aro
potential dynamite ,for from them we
choll draw the future anarchists and
"It is time we laid more stress on
education nnd less on deportation.
Kltthty per cent of the people brought
before the criminal courts are under
11. The number of defectives Inst
year outnumbered tho defectives of
ti p vears ago by ?5 per cent."
Mr Hale warned against "camou
flaged interests' which he said were
lobbying for compulsory universal
( Having done our part in smash
ing militarism abroad, this is a
Mighty poor time to plant the seeds
if militarism in the American mind,"
he laid. 'We do ""not need coinpul
sory universal military training near
ly aa mnch as we need compulsory
universal physical training."
On the speaker's platform were the
leaders of every radical organisation
in the city. Prominent among the
speakers was Rabbi Judah Magnes of
New York a son in law of s pro
"Old America Gone."
'The old and glorious America made
its first utterance to the world in the
Declaration of Independence," do
eland Rabbi Magnes. "Tt maintained
the right of the people to alter or
abolish existing governments and to
institute new ones.
"But it hr.s become treasonable ta
pive utterance to such thoughts in ,the
America of today. Wo are told that
America has had its revolution, and
that further fundamental changes aro
not necessary and not to be permitted.
"Wo answer that fundamental
changes are needed in the world today
fully as much as when the Declara
tion of Independence was written. For
example, political dictatorship must bo
taka o,it of the hands of the minority,
of the privileged few, and the political
power must be daced in tho hands of
the great masses of tho people.
"End Economic Oligarchy."
"Further, economic dictatorship most
be taken ont of the hands of the small'
oligarchy of big business men and their
satellites, lawyers, teachers and clergy
men and the power put in the hands
of those to whom rightfully it belonge
the masses who work with hand and
"But it is lv in )' made a crime to
mention these things. Wo wish to dh- 1
cuss thir question, but they say we
may not We wish the American work
ers to understand, as the British and
Ttalinn and German and Russian work
ors now understand ,thnt economic
power can and must be used to arhievo
p ditioal ends. But they make this se
dition and treason.
('There ere, doubtless, individual
who believe In force nnd violence, anj
a few have eommitteo bomb outrages.
Why Joes not the department of jus
tice employ its time to better ad
vantage and hunt these downf
"Let 'Em Talk It Out."
Bnt where Is the evidence Impll-
citirg organised gronps In open ad
vocacy of or secret plotting for the
use of force and violencet Were there
Mich evidence, it would have become
viiblie long since.
"Let us grant that this or that
group openly advocates In speech or
writing the overthrow of the govern
ment by force or violence. Let them
advocate it en long as no overt acta